CN103851698A - Split air conditioner for ship - Google Patents

Split air conditioner for ship Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103851698A
CN103851698A CN201410046381.7A CN201410046381A CN103851698A CN 103851698 A CN103851698 A CN 103851698A CN 201410046381 A CN201410046381 A CN 201410046381A CN 103851698 A CN103851698 A CN 103851698A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
condenser
evaporimeter
air conditioner
evaporator
compressor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410046381.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
花军
曹杨健
戴伟
郁斌
袁超
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CSTC TIANHE SHIP EQUIPMENT JIANGSU Co Ltd
Original Assignee
CSTC TIANHE SHIP EQUIPMENT JIANGSU Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CSTC TIANHE SHIP EQUIPMENT JIANGSU Co Ltd filed Critical CSTC TIANHE SHIP EQUIPMENT JIANGSU Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410046381.7A priority Critical patent/CN103851698A/en
Publication of CN103851698A publication Critical patent/CN103851698A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a split air conditioner for a ship. The split air conditioner comprises an indoor unit and an outdoor unit, wherein the indoor unit comprises a water containing disc, a centrifugal fan, an evaporator and an expansion valve, wherein the expansion valve is arranged under the evaporator and is connected with the evaporator, the water containing disc is arranged right under the evaporator, the centrifugal fan is arranged above the evaporator, a heater with a temperature control switch is arranged on the upper top surface of the evaporator of the indoor unit, the outdoor unit comprises a compressor, an axial flow fan, a condenser and a drying filter, the condenser is arranged in a position near the air outlet and in a casing of the outdoor unit, the axial flow fan is arranged between the condenser and the air outlet, an outlet of the compressor is connected with an inlet of the condenser, an outlet of the condenser is sequentially connected with the evaporator of the indoor unit through the drying filter, a liquid supply cut-off valve and the expansion valve, and the evaporator is sequentially connected with an inlet of the compressor sequentially through a fluorine cut-off valve and a gas-liquid separator. Through the optimization on the fin materials and the air conditioner structure, the service life of the air conditioner is prolonged, and the split air conditioner is suitable for being used in various kinds of severe environment.

Description

A kind of naval vessel split-type air conditioner
Technical field
The present invention, to warship ship air conditioning, relates to a kind of naval vessel split-type air conditioner specifically.
Background technology
On naval vessel, the normal Split type wall-hanging machine being equipped with is similar to Domestic wall heat pump machine for adjusting cabin indoor air temperature, humidity at present, the conventional Split type wall-hanging machine being equipped with is applicable to corrosion-free environment, infield without significantly rocking, and the unsuitable excessive environment of the temperature difference in summer in winter.
In the time that naval vessel rides the sea, the conventional air conditioner being equipped with is for a long time under the adverse circumstances such as salt fog, mould, and indoor and outdoor machine heat exchanger can be by strong corrosion, causes air-conditioner efficiency to decline, and the shutdown of even breaking down, has a strong impact on crewman's life, production; As running into wave, naval vessel cause hull to rock, the solidifying water producing when the conventional indoor set refrigeration being equipped with can overflow in water dish, and another sea belongs to high humidity environment, as lower in air conditioner wind pushing temperature, easily there is condensation phenomenon in air-out air port, the sanitary condition in cabin is worsened; While needing to heat in the winter time, the conventional air conditioner mode of operation being equipped with is that heat pump heats, electrical heating is auxiliary heating, even arrive below subzero 20 degree because winter of some navigating area, temperature was too low out of my cabin, can cause outdoor condenser to freeze, cause heat pump heating efficiency degradation, can not meet instructions for use and auxiliary electrical heater heating capacity is less, cause cabin temperature can not meet the requirement of crewman's normal life and work.
Summary of the invention
For solving deficiency of the prior art, the invention provides a kind of simple in structure, reasonable in design, long service life, safe naval vessel split-type air conditioner.
For reaching above object, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is:
A kind of naval vessel split-type air conditioner, its technical characterstic is to comprise indoor set and off-premises station, indoor set comprises water dish, centrifugal blower, evaporimeter and expansion valve, described expansion valve is arranged at the below of evaporimeter and is connected with evaporimeter, under evaporimeter, be provided with water dish, evaporimeter top is provided with centrifugal blower, on the upper end face of the evaporimeter of described indoor set, is provided with heater; On heater, be provided with temp control switch; Off-premises station comprises compressor, axial flow blower, condenser and device for drying and filtering, condenser is arranged in outdoor shell near air outlet place, between condenser and air outlet, be provided with axial flow blower, compressor is arranged at condenser left side, compressor outlet is connected with the import of condenser, the outlet of condenser successively drying filter, cutoff and expansion valve is connected with the evaporimeter of indoor set, and evaporimeter is connected with the import of compressor through fluorine stop valve, gas-liquid separator successively.
Further, the described water dish left and right sides is equipped with discharge opening.
Further, described evaporimeter is finned evaporator; Described condenser is finned cooler.
Further again, the fin of described finned evaporator and finned cooler is copper sheet.
Take the beneficial effect of above technical scheme to be: off-premises station finned cooler and indoor set finned evaporator all adopt copper sheet structure, have stronger resistance to corrosion, the more traditional heat exchanger of heat exchange efficiency is greatly improved; Optimize the structural design of indoor set, deepened water dish height and at water dish two ends, discharge opening has been set respectively, strengthened the solidifying water discharge capacity of indoor set; Use electrical heating to replace air conditioner heat pump functional completely, under heating condition, cabin air is heated in the winter time, make the heating capacity of air conditioner more stable, can not affect due to the low temperature of extravehicular environment the heating effect of air conditioner; Air conditioner is when freeze summer, guarantee that in electric heater, one group of electrical heating is normally worked, improve leaving air temp 2-3 degree, greatly reduce the possibility of air outlet of indoor set dewfall, and don't affect the dehumidifying effect of air conditioner, in electrical heating, be provided with temp control switch, guarantee the control of heating-up temperature.
The present invention is by optimized fin material and air conditioner structure, and improves leaving air temp by electrical heating when refrigeration, extended the life-span of air conditioner, makes it to go for the use under various severe environmental conditions.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is embodiments of the invention figure.
In figure: centrifugal blower 1, temp control switch 2, heater 3, evaporimeter 4, water dish 5, expansion valve 6, cutoff 7, fluorine stop valve 8, gas-liquid separator 9, device for drying and filtering 10, compressor 11, condenser 12, Spiral fan 13.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is further described:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of naval vessel comprises indoor set and off-premises station two parts with split-type air conditioner, and indoor set comprises centrifugal blower 1, temp control switch 2, heater 3, evaporimeter 4, water dish 5 and expansion valve 6.Described evaporimeter 4 is copper finned evaporator, is provided with water dish 5 under evaporimeter 4, on the upper end face of evaporimeter, heater 3 is installed, and heater is provided with temp control switch 2, and the top of evaporimeter is provided with centrifugal blower 1, off-premises station comprises cutoff 7, fluorine stop valve 8, gas-liquid separator 9, device for drying and filtering 10, compressor 11, condenser 12 and Spiral fan 13, copper finned cooler 12 is arranged in outdoor shell near air outlet place, the drain pipe of condenser 12 successively drying filter 10 is connected with the expansion valve 6 of indoor set with cutoff 7, between condenser 12 and air outlet, be provided with axial flow blower 13, compressor 11 is arranged at condenser 12 left sides, described compressor 11 gas outlets are connected with the air inlet of condenser 12, the air inlet of compressor 11 is successively through gas-liquid separator 9, fluorine stop valve 8 is connected with the gas outlet of the evaporimeter 4 of indoor set.
When air-conditioning work, the cold-producing medium of gaseous state enters condensation heat radiation in condenser 12 through compressor 11 boil down to liquid state, the condensate liquid of cryogenic high pressure enters in the expansion valve 6 of indoor set from condenser 12 exports drying filter 10 and cutoff 7, the cold-producing medium of middle temperature high pressure changes low-temp low-pressure steam into through expansion valve 6 and enters into evaporimeter 4, endothermic gasification in evaporimeter 4, air is blown over evaporimeter 4 by centrifugal blower 1, after air is cooling by evaporimeter 4, blows out from air outlet, completes refrigeration.In evaporimeter 4, the cold-producing medium of gaseous state is exported successively and entered into compressor 11 after fluorine stop valve 8 and gas-liquid separator 9 by evaporimeter 4, completes kind of refrigeration cycle.

Claims (4)

1. a naval vessel split-type air conditioner, it is characterized in that, comprise indoor set and off-premises station, indoor set comprises water dish, centrifugal blower, evaporimeter and expansion valve, described expansion valve is arranged at the below of evaporimeter and is connected with evaporimeter, is provided with water dish under evaporimeter, and evaporimeter top is provided with centrifugal blower, on the upper end face of described evaporimeter, be provided with heater, on heater, be provided with temp control switch; Off-premises station comprises compressor, axial flow blower, condenser and device for drying and filtering, condenser is arranged in outdoor shell near air outlet place, between condenser and air outlet, be provided with axial flow blower, compressor is arranged at condenser left side, compressor outlet is connected with the import of condenser, the outlet of condenser successively drying filter, cutoff and expansion valve is connected with the evaporimeter of indoor set, and evaporimeter is connected with the import of compressor through fluorine stop valve, gas-liquid separator successively.
2. a kind of naval vessel according to claim 1 split-type air conditioner, is characterized in that, the described water dish left and right sides is equipped with discharge opening.
3. a kind of naval vessel according to claim 1 split-type air conditioner, is characterized in that, described evaporimeter is finned evaporator; Described condenser is finned cooler.
4. a kind of naval vessel according to claim 3 split-type air conditioner, is characterized in that, the fin of described finned evaporator and finned cooler is copper sheet.
CN201410046381.7A 2014-02-10 2014-02-10 Split air conditioner for ship Pending CN103851698A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410046381.7A CN103851698A (en) 2014-02-10 2014-02-10 Split air conditioner for ship

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410046381.7A CN103851698A (en) 2014-02-10 2014-02-10 Split air conditioner for ship

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103851698A true CN103851698A (en) 2014-06-11

Family

ID=50859663

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410046381.7A Pending CN103851698A (en) 2014-02-10 2014-02-10 Split air conditioner for ship

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CN (1) CN103851698A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105857564A (en) * 2016-04-18 2016-08-17 太仓弘杉环保科技有限公司 Environment optimization device applied to ship steering room and working method of environment optimization device
CN106594907A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-04-26 江苏永昇空调有限公司 Special intelligent air conditioning unit of grain storehouse
CN107487431A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-19 泰州市赛博机电设备有限公司 Internal combustion engine moving energy water resource heat pump marine air conditioner

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002089988A (en) * 2000-09-21 2002-03-27 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Air conditioner, and operating method of air conditioner
CN102128473A (en) * 2011-03-29 2011-07-20 张家港市江南利玛特设备制造有限公司 Indoor unit of sectional-material type split air conditioner for ship
CN102434954A (en) * 2011-12-19 2012-05-02 无锡同方人工环境有限公司 Defrosting pan for fan coil of ship
CN102889643A (en) * 2012-10-29 2013-01-23 江苏兆胜空调有限公司 Air conditioner used for cars and ships in ultralow temperature environment and controlling method thereof
CN103256661A (en) * 2012-02-17 2013-08-21 泰州市沪江特种设备有限公司 Low-noise upright air conditioner for series of warships and ships
CN203687207U (en) * 2014-02-10 2014-07-02 中船重工天禾船舶设备江苏有限公司 Split air conditioner for ships

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002089988A (en) * 2000-09-21 2002-03-27 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Air conditioner, and operating method of air conditioner
CN102128473A (en) * 2011-03-29 2011-07-20 张家港市江南利玛特设备制造有限公司 Indoor unit of sectional-material type split air conditioner for ship
CN102434954A (en) * 2011-12-19 2012-05-02 无锡同方人工环境有限公司 Defrosting pan for fan coil of ship
CN103256661A (en) * 2012-02-17 2013-08-21 泰州市沪江特种设备有限公司 Low-noise upright air conditioner for series of warships and ships
CN102889643A (en) * 2012-10-29 2013-01-23 江苏兆胜空调有限公司 Air conditioner used for cars and ships in ultralow temperature environment and controlling method thereof
CN203687207U (en) * 2014-02-10 2014-07-02 中船重工天禾船舶设备江苏有限公司 Split air conditioner for ships

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105857564A (en) * 2016-04-18 2016-08-17 太仓弘杉环保科技有限公司 Environment optimization device applied to ship steering room and working method of environment optimization device
CN106594907A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-04-26 江苏永昇空调有限公司 Special intelligent air conditioning unit of grain storehouse
CN107487431A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-19 泰州市赛博机电设备有限公司 Internal combustion engine moving energy water resource heat pump marine air conditioner

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Application publication date: 20140611