CN103747227A - 3D display screen and parallax image filling method - Google Patents

3D display screen and parallax image filling method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103747227A
CN103747227A CN201310723010.3A CN201310723010A CN103747227A CN 103747227 A CN103747227 A CN 103747227A CN 201310723010 A CN201310723010 A CN 201310723010A CN 103747227 A CN103747227 A CN 103747227A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sub
pixel
display screen
anaglyph
horizontal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310723010.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
桑新柱
孙蕾
于迅博
高鑫
王鹏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications
Original Assignee
Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications filed Critical Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications
Priority to CN201310723010.3A priority Critical patent/CN103747227A/en
Publication of CN103747227A publication Critical patent/CN103747227A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The invention provides a 3D display screen and a parallax image filling method. The 3D display screen comprises a 2D display screen and a lenticular grating. The screen surface of the 2D display screen is positioned on a focal plane of the lenticular grating. Grating inclination between the lenticular grating and the vertical direction of the 2D display screen is 1:6. Intercept of a concave-cylinder in the lenticular grating meets the following requirement: (img file='DDA0000445378620000011.TIF' wi='414' he='149'/), wherein s=2m+1; cycle of an image filling unit in the horizontal direction is ns+x pixels; p is intercept of the concave-cylinder; n is the number of whole sub-pixels in a row covered by a section of the concave-cylinder; m is a positive integer; x is a positive integer which is less than s; and wp is width of a sub-pixel in the horizontal direction.

Description

The fill method of a kind of 3D display screen and a kind of anaglyph
Technical field
The present invention relates to stereo display technique field, relate in particular to the fill method of a kind of 3D display screen and a kind of anaglyph.
Background technology
Column mirror grating has the function of space light splitting, and it is by the spatial light modulation of cylindrical convex lens, makes to be placed on the light that pixel that the different spatial on focal plane arranges sends and all with the line direction of photocentre, penetrates.The anaglyph of different angles is carried out to pixel resets with synthetic, finally obtain composograph, by LCD (Liquid Crystal Display, liquid crystal display) Display panel, the information of dividing light action can reduce different directions of process column mirror grating again, in space, form different vision areas, realize the demonstration of 3 D stereo.
In existing grating stereo Display Technique, the sub-pixel number that a segmented column mirror is corresponding is integer, and the number of pixel is the viewpoint number that forms stereogram.In the horizontal direction take a column mirror grating as a unit, in the vertical direction, the dislocation that utilizes grating slope to bring, select suitable grating angle, in adjacent row, add different anaglyphs, and then increase the quantity of anaglyph in the mapping unit of the rectangle that formed by horizontal direction and vertical direction.As shown in Figure 1, grating inclination angle is 1: 6, and the dislocation that utilizes grating slope to bring makes corresponding 8 sub-pixels of a segmented column mirror, fills respectively the different anaglyph of 8 width in 8 sub-pixels, and in figure, 1-1 is grating inclination angle, and 1-2 is post mirror, and 1-3 is sub-pixel.
Visible by foregoing description, in prior art, the number needs that increases anaglyph in a mapping unit will realize by the intercept that increases post mirror, and the intercept that increases post mirror can increase cost, and the larger display of grating intercept resolution is in the horizontal direction lower, display effect is more coarse.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides the fill method of a kind of 3D display screen and a kind of anaglyph, can in the situation that not increasing post mirror intercept, increase the quantity of anaglyph in a mapping unit.
On the one hand, the invention provides a kind of 3D display screen, comprising: 2D display screen, column mirror grating;
The panel of described 2D display screen is positioned on the focal plane of column mirror grating;
The grating inclination angle of described column mirror grating and described 2D display screen vertical direction is 1: 6;
The intercept of described column mirror grating center pillar mirror meets: wherein, s=2m+1, in horizontal direction, the cycle of mapping unit is: ns+x sub-pixel, p is the intercept of post mirror, the number of complete sub-pixel in a line that n covers for a segmented column mirror, and m is positive integer, x is the positive integer that is less than s, and wp is sub-pixel width in the horizontal direction.
Further, the intercept of described column mirror grating center pillar mirror is wherein, wp is sub-pixel width in the horizontal direction.
Further, described 2D display screen is LCDs.
On the other hand, the invention provides the fill method of a kind of anaglyph based on above-mentioned arbitrary 3D display screen, described method comprises:
In horizontal direction, take ns+x sub-pixel as the cycle, in the vertical direction, take 2 row sub-pixels as the cycle, builds mapping unit;
According to each sub-pixel central point in horizontal direction to the distance of the optical axis of place post mirror and described central point in the relative direction of described optical axis, in each sub-pixel, fill corresponding anaglyph.
Further, the distance of the described optical axis that arrives place post mirror according to each sub-pixel central point in horizontal direction and described central point, in the relative direction of described optical axis, are filled corresponding anaglyph in each sub-pixel, comprising:
Central point in optical axis left side is negative value to the range mark of optical axis, the central point on optical axis right side to the range mark of optical axis be on the occasion of;
According to the size of the distance of mark, in sub-pixel, fill corresponding anaglyph.
Further, describedly according to the size of the distance of mark, in sub-pixel, fill corresponding anaglyph, comprising:
In the sub-pixel of the distance minimum of mark, fill the first width anaglyph, along with the distance of mark increases, fill successively corresponding anaglyph.
Further, in described horizontal direction, take ns+x sub-pixel as the cycle, in the vertical direction is take 2 row sub-pixels as the cycle, build mapping unit, comprise: in horizontal direction, take 14 sub-pixels as the cycle, in the vertical direction, take 2 row sub-pixels as the cycle, builds mapping unit.
By the fill method of a kind of 3D display screen provided by the invention and a kind of anaglyph, adopt the fill method of a kind of anaglyph provided by the invention to come for the pixel filling anaglyph in corresponding 3D display screen, sub-pixel number corresponding to one segmented column mirror is for or not integer, make a filler cells comprise multiple post mirrors, the quantity that can increase anaglyph in a mapping unit in the situation that not increasing post mirror intercept, can realize the stereo display of super many viewpoints bore hole.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, to the accompanying drawing of required use in embodiment or description of the Prior Art be briefly described below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skills, do not paying under the prerequisite of creative work, can also obtain according to these accompanying drawings other accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is a kind of viewpoint arrangement mode schematic diagram in prior art;
Fig. 2 is the viewpoint arrangement mode schematic diagram that in prior art, a kind of grating inclination angle is 1: 3;
Fig. 3 is the viewpoint arrangement mode schematic diagram that in prior art, a kind of grating inclination angle is 1: 6;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of a kind of 3D display screen of providing of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 5 is the fill method flow chart of a kind of anaglyph of providing of the embodiment of the present invention two;
Fig. 6 is the fill method flow chart of the another kind of anaglyph that provides of the embodiment of the present invention three;
Fig. 7 is a kind of viewpoint arrangement mode schematic diagram that the embodiment of the present invention three provides.
Embodiment
For making object, technical scheme and the advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer; below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention; technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described; obviously; described embodiment is the present invention's part embodiment, rather than whole embodiment, based on the embodiment in the present invention; the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skills obtain under the prerequisite of not making creative work, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
In grating stereo Display Technique, the anaglyph of different angles is carried out to pixel resets with synthetic, finally obtain composograph, by LCD Display panel, the information of dividing light action can reduce different directions of process column mirror grating again, in space, form different vision areas, realize the demonstration of 3 D stereo.
In the prior art, sub-pixel number corresponding after post mirror is integer, and the number of pixel is the viewpoint number that forms stereogram.Referring to Fig. 2, be a kind of viewpoint arrangement mode, grating inclination angle is 1: 3, corresponding four sub-pixels of one segmented column mirror, in the spatial dimension forming, can observe the disparity map of four viewpoints at a segmented column mirror, in figure, 2-1 is grating inclination angle, and 2-2 is post mirror, and 2-3 is sub-pixel.
In order to increase stereoeffect, the advantage of utilizing the inclination of grating to bring, can be two row sub-pixels Heterogeneous Permutation successively, referring to Fig. 3, for another kind of pixel arrangement mode, 1: 6, grating inclination angle, a segmented column mirror identical with post mirror intercept in Fig. 2 can cover 8 sub-pixels.In figure, 3-1 is grating inclination angle, and 3-2 is post mirror, and 3-3 is sub-pixel.
Embodiment 1:
The number needs that in the prior art, increase anaglyph in a mapping unit will realize by the intercept that increases post mirror.In order to increase the quantity of anaglyph in a mapping unit in the situation that not increasing post mirror intercept, improve 3D display effect, referring to Fig. 4, the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of 3D display screen, comprising:
2D display screen 4-1, column mirror grating 4-2;
The panel of 2D display screen 4-1 is positioned on the focal plane of column mirror grating;
The grating inclination angle of column mirror grating 4-2 and 2D display screen 4-1 vertical direction is 1: 6;
The intercept of column mirror grating 4-2 center pillar mirror meets: wherein, s=2m+1, in horizontal direction, the cycle of mapping unit is: ns+x sub-pixel, p is the intercept of post mirror, the number of complete sub-pixel in a line that n covers for a segmented column mirror, and m is positive integer, x is the positive integer that is less than s, and wp is sub-pixel width in the horizontal direction.
Wherein, preferably, the intercept of column mirror grating center pillar mirror is wherein, wp is sub-pixel width in the horizontal direction.
Preferably, 2D display screen is LCDs.
Embodiment 2:
Based on arbitrary 3D display screen in embodiment 1, the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of fill method of anaglyph, and referring to Fig. 5, the method comprises:
Step 501: in horizontal direction,, take ns+x sub-pixel as the cycle, in the vertical direction, take 2 row sub-pixels as the cycle, builds mapping unit;
Step 502: distance and the relative direction of this central point at this optical axis according to each sub-pixel central point in horizontal direction to the optical axis of place post mirror, in each sub-pixel, fill corresponding anaglyph.
Preferably, step 502, comprise: in horizontal direction, each sub-pixel central point meets in the relative direction of this optical axis to the distance of the optical axis of place post mirror and this central point: the central point in optical axis left side is negative value to the range mark of optical axis, the central point on optical axis right side to the range mark of optical axis be on the occasion of; According to the size of the distance of mark, in sub-pixel, fill corresponding anaglyph.
Above-mentioned fills corresponding anaglyph according to the size of the distance of mark in sub-pixel, comprising: in the sub-pixel of the distance minimum of mark, fill the first width anaglyph, along with the distance of mark increases, fill successively corresponding anaglyph.Wherein, anaglyph is according to the angle of taking, from left to right or from right to left number consecutively.
Embodiment 3:
Below by a specific embodiment, describe the fill method of 3D display screen provided by the invention and a kind of anaglyph in detail.A kind of 3D display screen that this enforcement provides, this display screen comprises: 2D display screen, column mirror grating; The panel of 2D display screen is positioned on the focal plane of column mirror grating; The grating inclination angle of column mirror grating and 2D display screen vertical direction is 1: 6; The intercept of column mirror grating center pillar mirror is wherein, wp is sub-pixel width in the horizontal direction; 2D display screen is LCDs.
Referring to Fig. 6, the fill method of a kind of anaglyph based on above-mentioned 3D display screen, comprising:
Step 601: in horizontal direction,, take 14 sub-pixels as the cycle, in the vertical direction, take 2 row sub-pixels as the cycle, builds mapping unit;
Step 602: the central point in optical axis left side is negative value to the range mark of optical axis, the central point on optical axis right side to the range mark of optical axis be on the occasion of;
Step 603: fill the first width anaglyph in the sub-pixel of the distance minimum of mark, fill successively corresponding anaglyph along with the distance of mark increases.
Referring to Fig. 7, it is the viewpoint arrangement mode schematic diagram of 3D display screen in the embodiment of the present invention.In the drawings, in each sub-pixel, fill a width anaglyph, in a filler cells, fill 28 width anaglyphs.In figure, 7-1 is optical axis, and optical axis is the center line of post mirror.In figure, 7-2 is post mirror, and in figure, 7-3 is sub-pixel, and in figure, 7-4 is grating inclination angle.
A kind of 3D display screen providing by the embodiment of the present invention and a kind of fill method of anaglyph, adopt the fill method of a kind of anaglyph provided by the invention to come for the pixel filling anaglyph in corresponding 3D display screen, sub-pixel number corresponding to one segmented column mirror is for or not integer, make a filler cells comprise multiple post mirrors, the quantity that can increase anaglyph in a mapping unit in the situation that not increasing post mirror intercept, can realize the stereo display of super many viewpoints bore hole.
It should be noted that, term " comprises ", " comprising " or its any other variant are intended to contain comprising of nonexcludability, thereby the process, method, article or the equipment that make to comprise a series of key elements not only comprise those key elements, but also comprise other key elements of clearly not listing, or be also included as the intrinsic key element of this process, method, article or equipment.The in the situation that of more restrictions not, the key element being limited by statement " comprising ... ", and be not precluded within process, method, article or the equipment that comprises described key element and also have other same factor.
One of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that: all or part of step that realizes said method embodiment can complete by the relevant hardware of program command, aforesaid program can be stored in the storage medium of embodied on computer readable, this program, when carrying out, is carried out the step that comprises said method embodiment; And aforesaid storage medium comprises: in the various media that can be program code stored such as ROM, RAM, magnetic disc or CD.
Finally it should be noted that: the foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, only, for technical scheme of the present invention is described, be not intended to limit protection scope of the present invention.All any modifications of making within the spirit and principles in the present invention, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., be all included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a 3D display screen, is characterized in that, comprising: 2D display screen, column mirror grating;
The panel of described 2D display screen is positioned on the focal plane of column mirror grating;
The grating inclination angle of described column mirror grating and described 2D display screen vertical direction is 1: 6;
The intercept of described column mirror grating center pillar mirror meets: wherein, s=2m+1, in horizontal direction, the cycle of mapping unit is: ns+x sub-pixel, p is the intercept of post mirror, the number of complete sub-pixel in a line that n covers for a segmented column mirror, and m is positive integer, x is the positive integer that is less than s, and wp is sub-pixel width in the horizontal direction.
2. a kind of 3D display screen according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
The intercept of described column mirror grating center pillar mirror is wherein, wp is sub-pixel width in the horizontal direction.
3. a kind of 3D display screen according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described 2D display screen is LCDs.
4. the fill method based on a kind of anaglyph of arbitrary 3D display screen in claims 1 to 3, is characterized in that, described method comprises:
In horizontal direction, take ns+x sub-pixel as the cycle, in the vertical direction, take 2 row sub-pixels as the cycle, builds mapping unit;
According to each sub-pixel central point in horizontal direction to the distance of the optical axis of place post mirror and described central point in the relative direction of described optical axis, in each sub-pixel, fill corresponding anaglyph.
5. method according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, the distance of the described optical axis that arrives place post mirror according to each sub-pixel central point in horizontal direction and described central point, in the relative direction of described optical axis, are filled corresponding anaglyph in each sub-pixel, comprising:
Central point in optical axis left side is negative value to the range mark of optical axis, the central point on optical axis right side to the range mark of optical axis be on the occasion of;
According to the size of the distance of mark, in sub-pixel, fill corresponding anaglyph.
6. method according to claim 5, is characterized in that, describedly according to the size of the distance of mark, fills corresponding anaglyph in sub-pixel, comprising:
In the sub-pixel of the distance minimum of mark, fill the first width anaglyph, along with the distance of mark increases, fill successively corresponding anaglyph.
7. method according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, in described horizontal direction take ns+x sub-pixel as the cycle, in the vertical direction is take 2 row sub-pixels as the cycle, build mapping unit, comprise: in horizontal direction, take 14 sub-pixels as the cycle, in the vertical direction, take 2 row sub-pixels as the cycle, builds mapping unit.
CN201310723010.3A 2013-12-24 2013-12-24 3D display screen and parallax image filling method Pending CN103747227A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310723010.3A CN103747227A (en) 2013-12-24 2013-12-24 3D display screen and parallax image filling method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310723010.3A CN103747227A (en) 2013-12-24 2013-12-24 3D display screen and parallax image filling method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103747227A true CN103747227A (en) 2014-04-23

Family

ID=50504212

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310723010.3A Pending CN103747227A (en) 2013-12-24 2013-12-24 3D display screen and parallax image filling method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103747227A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106067969A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-02 北京邮电大学 The multiple views 3D display packing of a kind of column mirror grating and device
CN106291952A (en) * 2015-05-28 2017-01-04 深圳市Tcl高新技术开发有限公司 Display packing, device and the LCDs of a kind of bore hole 3D rendering
CN110351544A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-10-18 北京邮电大学 The 3-D image coding method of naked eye 3D display and device
WO2021110040A1 (en) * 2019-12-05 2021-06-10 北京芯海视界三维科技有限公司 Multi-viewpoint 3d display screen and 3d display terminal

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6064424A (en) * 1996-02-23 2000-05-16 U.S. Philips Corporation Autostereoscopic display apparatus
JP2006106608A (en) * 2004-10-08 2006-04-20 Canon Inc Image display apparatus
CN101167371A (en) * 2005-04-29 2008-04-23 皇家飞利浦电子股份有限公司 A stereoscopic display apparatus
CN101175223A (en) * 2007-07-10 2008-05-07 天津大学 Multi-view point stereoscopic picture synthesizing method for LCD free stereoscopic display device based on optical grating

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6064424A (en) * 1996-02-23 2000-05-16 U.S. Philips Corporation Autostereoscopic display apparatus
JP2006106608A (en) * 2004-10-08 2006-04-20 Canon Inc Image display apparatus
CN101167371A (en) * 2005-04-29 2008-04-23 皇家飞利浦电子股份有限公司 A stereoscopic display apparatus
CN101175223A (en) * 2007-07-10 2008-05-07 天津大学 Multi-view point stereoscopic picture synthesizing method for LCD free stereoscopic display device based on optical grating

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106291952A (en) * 2015-05-28 2017-01-04 深圳市Tcl高新技术开发有限公司 Display packing, device and the LCDs of a kind of bore hole 3D rendering
CN106291952B (en) * 2015-05-28 2019-09-17 深圳市Tcl高新技术开发有限公司 A kind of display methods, device and the liquid crystal display of naked eye 3D rendering
CN106067969A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-02 北京邮电大学 The multiple views 3D display packing of a kind of column mirror grating and device
CN106067969B (en) * 2016-06-30 2018-02-27 北京邮电大学 A kind of multiple views 3D display method and device of column mirror grating
CN110351544A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-10-18 北京邮电大学 The 3-D image coding method of naked eye 3D display and device
WO2021110040A1 (en) * 2019-12-05 2021-06-10 北京芯海视界三维科技有限公司 Multi-viewpoint 3d display screen and 3d display terminal

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103852819B (en) A kind of grating strengthening bore hole stereo display space continuity
CN101794021B (en) Lens array device and image display device
US9104032B1 (en) Naked-eye 3D display device and liquid crystal lens thereof
CN102510515B (en) A kind of grating-type multi-viewpoint stereo image synthesis method
CN103747227A (en) 3D display screen and parallax image filling method
CN106257322B (en) Image display
KR102009921B1 (en) Prism sheet for glasses-free 3D display and Display apparatus having the same
CN103873845A (en) Naked-eye 3D display device and method based on checkerboard grating
US20170272738A1 (en) Three-dimensional display device and driving method thereof
CN104010185A (en) Stereoscopic image display device
CN103984163A (en) Liquid crystal grating and display equipment
CN104880831A (en) Three-dimensional display device and control method of three-dimensional display device
CN101950085A (en) Liquid crystal fresnel lens
WO2018166207A1 (en) Display switching apparatus, display and electronic device
CN102843567A (en) Apparatus and method for displaying 3-dimensional image
CN102621702A (en) Method and system for naked eye three dimensional (3D) image generation during unconventional arrangement of liquid crystal display pixels
CN105430369A (en) Autostereoscopic 3d display device
Kim et al. Crosstalk-reduced dual-mode mobile 3D display
CN104065941A (en) Three Dimensional Image Display Device And Method Of Displaying Three Dimensional Image
CN102630027A (en) Naked eye 3D display method and apparatus thereof
CN103399445B (en) Liquid crystal lens apparatus and the three-dimensional display applying this liquid crystal lens apparatus
CN104656337A (en) Liquid crystal lens and display device
CN103293818A (en) Optical device and image display device
CN103728729B (en) A kind of naked eye three-dimensional display
KR102171611B1 (en) Stereopsis image display device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20140423

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication