CN103736182A - Breathing machine - Google Patents

Breathing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103736182A
CN103736182A CN201310681193.7A CN201310681193A CN103736182A CN 103736182 A CN103736182 A CN 103736182A CN 201310681193 A CN201310681193 A CN 201310681193A CN 103736182 A CN103736182 A CN 103736182A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
communicated
flow sensor
conduit
expiration
respirator
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310681193.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
庞文明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Comay (changzhou) Electronics Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Comay (changzhou) Electronics Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Comay (changzhou) Electronics Co Ltd filed Critical Comay (changzhou) Electronics Co Ltd
Priority to CN201310681193.7A priority Critical patent/CN103736182A/en
Publication of CN103736182A publication Critical patent/CN103736182A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a breathing machine which comprises an air and oxygen mixing device, a bacterium filter, a gas storage bag, an inspiration flow sensor, an inspiration pressure sensor, a temperature and humidity regulator, an expiration pressure sensor and an expiration flow sensor, wherein the air and oxygen mixing device, the bacterium filter and the gas storage bag are communicated through a first guide pipe, the inspiration flow sensor, the inspiration pressure sensor and the temperature and humidity regulator are communicated through a second guide pipe, the expiration pressure sensor and the expiration flow sensor are communicated through an expiration pipe, the first guide pipe is communicated with the second guide pipe, and the second guide pipe and the expiration pipe are communicated with the inspiration pipe through a tee-joint. The inspiration pipe and the expiration pipe are controlled through a controller, and by means of real-time monitoring of the flow sensors, inspiration and expiration function adjustment is achieved. Meanwhile, a gas inlet valve and a safety valve are arranged so as to guarantee that the pressure in the gas storage tank is constant. The breathing machine is reasonable in structural design, stable in performance, not prone to breaking down, and capable of being widely applied to medical treatment or families.

Description

A kind of respirator
Technical field
The invention belongs to armarium, specifically relate to a kind of respirator.
Background technology
Breathe to support it is one of means of saving anxious, critical patient life most critical, thereby respirator has become indispensable apparatus in clinical treatment, it is in first aid, anesthesia, just more and more extensive use in ICU and respiratory therapy field.Respirator is a kind of can replacement, controls or change people's normal physiological breathing, increases pulmonary ventilation volume, improves respiratory function, alleviates work of breathing consumption, saves the device of heart reservation ability.The air-breathing principle of respirator is to make gas port and alveolar generation positive pressure difference by external Mechanical Driven, and exhale, is removing the rear thorax of external Mechanical Driven pressure and elastance of lung retraction generation alveolar and gas port passivity positive pressure difference and exhaling.The respirator for the treatment of use, be usually used in state of an illness complexity, the patient that situation is comparatively serious, requires multiple functional, can carry out various breathing patterns, to adapt to the needs of change of illness state, and anesthesia respirator is mainly used in the patient in anesthesia surgery, and patient is mostly abnormal without serious cardiopulmonary, the respirator requiring, if variable ventilation, respiratory frequency and respiratory quotient are substantially just passable.The ventilator-structure using is at present complicated, troublesome poeration, and also expensive, general family has been difficult to purchasing power.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of simple in structure, easy to operate, and safe respirator.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of respirator, comprise the air oxygen blender being communicated with by conduit one, biofilter and air storage bag, the inspiratory flow sensor being communicated with by conduit two, inspiratory pressure sensor and temperature and humidity regulator, the breath pressure sensor and the expiratory flow sensor that by exhaust tube, are communicated with; Described conduit one and conduit two are communicated with, described conduit two, and exhaust tube connects suction nozzle by threeway; The equipped at outlet port of described air oxygen blender is provided with intake valve; The outlet of described conduit one is provided with relief valve; The equipped at outlet port of described inspiratory flow sensor is provided with inlet valve; The outlet of described exhaust tube is provided with outlet valve; The end of described suction nozzle connects breathing mask or breathing hose; Described inspiratory flow sensor, inlet valve, expiratory flow sensor is all connected with controller by wire with outlet valve; Described inspiratory pressure sensor is all connected with alarm by wire with breath pressure sensor.
Aforesaid biofilter is activated charcoal strainer.
Aforesaid activated charcoal strainer assembling ature of coal charcoal or coconut husk charcoal.
Aforesaid inlet valve and outlet valve pass through step motor drive.
Aforesaid controller is provided with control panel.
Aforesaid air storage bag is connected with Pressure gauge.
By adopting above-mentioned technological means, advantage of the present invention is: intake valve and relief valve are set, and according to the Pressure gauge being connected with air storage bag, judgement make-up gas or aerofluxus, keep air storage bag internal pressure constant, guarantees to breathe safety; Activated carbon filtration material has efficient absorption property, can process and contain benzene class, phenols, alcohols, the organic gas such as aldehydes and foul gas and contain all kinds of gas of micro heavy, in deodorization, aspect eliminates the unusual smell, there is good clean-up effect, and waste gas is carried out to Adsorption Concentration, after purification, can directly discharge; By the Real-Time Monitoring of flow transducer, air-breathing and expiration are adjusted; By the Real-Time Monitoring of pressure transducer, when pressure limit, timely trigger alarm.The present invention is simple in structure, easy to operate, and performance is more stable, is not easy to break down, and is applicable to being widely used of hospital and family.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the internal structure schematic diagram of respirator of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, respirator of the present invention, comprise the air oxygen blender being communicated with by conduit 1, biofilter and air storage bag, the inspiratory flow sensor being communicated with by conduit 23, inspiratory pressure sensor and temperature and humidity regulator, the breath pressure sensor and the expiratory flow sensor that by exhaust tube 7, are communicated with; Described conduit 1 and conduit 23 are communicated with, described conduit 23, and exhaust tube 7 connects suction nozzle 5 by threeway 6; The equipped at outlet port of described air oxygen blender is provided with intake valve 1; The outlet of described conduit one is provided with relief valve 9; The equipped at outlet port of described inspiratory flow sensor is provided with inlet valve 4; The outlet of described exhaust tube is provided with outlet valve 8; The end of described suction nozzle 5 connects breathing mask or breathing hose; Described inspiratory flow sensor, inlet valve 4, expiratory flow sensor is all connected with controller by wire with outlet valve 8; Described inspiratory pressure sensor is all connected with alarm by wire with breath pressure sensor.
The air source of air oxygen blender of the present invention is provided by air compressor, source of oxygen is provided by oxygen cylinder, air, two strands of gases of oxygen are mixed into the mist that meets oxygen concentration standard, then via conduit 1, be delivered to biofilter, after purification filtering, be delivered to air storage bag, equipped at outlet port at air oxygen blender is provided with intake valve 1, for controlling conveying or the disconnection of mist, biofilter adopts activated charcoal strainer, activated charcoal strainer can be assembled ature of coal charcoal or coconut husk charcoal, the exit of conduit 1 is provided with relief valve 9, pressure in air storage bag is indicated by Pressure gauge 10, when pressure surpasses established standards, relief valve 9 is opened automatically, carry out aerofluxus, when air storage bag output gas, spring-compressed air bag in air storage bag, intake valve 1 is opened simultaneously, make-up gas, when air storage bag stops exporting gas, intake valve 1 cuts out, make the pressure in air storage bag keep substantially constant.In course of normal operation, relief valve 9 is in closed condition, from air storage bag mist out, through inspiratory flow sensor, convert the needed voltage signal of controller suction modulation to, then through inlet valve 4, enter inspiratory pressure sensor, convert the needed pressure signal of alarm to, enter temperature and humidity regulator, in temperature and humidity regulator, mist is by humidifying and heat to the needed temperature of human body, then by suction nozzle 5, enter breathing mask or breathing hose, for patient; The gas that patient breathes out enters suction nozzle 5 through breathing mask or breathing hose, then by exhaust tube 7 expiratory flow sensor of flowing through, be transformed into controller and exhale regulate voltage signal used, enter breath pressure sensor, convert the needed pressure signal of alarm to, outside outlet valve 8 eliminating machines.
In process air-breathing and that exhale, by inlet valve 4 and outlet valve 8, control the turnover of gases, inlet valve and outlet valve are by step motor drive, and when air-breathing, inlet valve 4 opens outlet valve 8 and cuts out, and during expiration, outlet valve 8 opens inlet valve 4 and cuts out.In addition, adjusting air-breathing and that exhale is controlled according to the voltage signal of inspiratory flow sensor and expiratory flow sensor transmission by controller.Meanwhile, when the signal of inspiratory pressure sensor and breath pressure sensor transmissions surpasses, upper pressure limit or in limited time lower, trigger alarm are set.Controller is provided with control panel, and user can be that oxygen concentration is set at control panel according to patient's practical situation, respiratory frequency, tidal volume, inspiratory duration, the parameters such as upper pressure limit and lower limit alarming value.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, do not departing under the prerequisite of the technology of the present invention principle; can also make some improvement and distortion, these improvement and distortion also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a respirator, it is characterized in that, comprise the air oxygen blender being communicated with by conduit one, biofilter and air storage bag, the inspiratory flow sensor being communicated with by conduit two, inspiratory pressure sensor and temperature and humidity regulator, the breath pressure sensor and the expiratory flow sensor that by exhaust tube, are communicated with; Described conduit one and conduit two are communicated with, described conduit two, and exhaust tube connects suction nozzle by threeway; The equipped at outlet port of described air oxygen blender is provided with intake valve; The outlet of described conduit one is provided with relief valve; The equipped at outlet port of described inspiratory flow sensor is provided with inlet valve; The outlet of described exhaust tube is provided with outlet valve; The end of described suction nozzle connects breathing mask or breathing hose; Described inspiratory flow sensor, inlet valve, expiratory flow sensor is all connected with controller by wire with outlet valve; Described inspiratory pressure sensor is all connected with alarm by wire with breath pressure sensor.
2. a kind of respirator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described biofilter is activated charcoal strainer.
3. a kind of respirator according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described activated charcoal strainer assembling ature of coal charcoal or coconut husk charcoal.
4. a kind of respirator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described inlet valve and outlet valve pass through step motor drive.
5. a kind of respirator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described controller is provided with control panel.
6. a kind of respirator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described air storage bag is connected with Pressure gauge.
CN201310681193.7A 2013-12-12 2013-12-12 Breathing machine Pending CN103736182A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310681193.7A CN103736182A (en) 2013-12-12 2013-12-12 Breathing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310681193.7A CN103736182A (en) 2013-12-12 2013-12-12 Breathing machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103736182A true CN103736182A (en) 2014-04-23

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310681193.7A Pending CN103736182A (en) 2013-12-12 2013-12-12 Breathing machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103736182A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104399164A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-03-11 北京神鹿腾飞医疗科技有限公司 Intelligent respirator and aerating method of using the respirator
CN105159340A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-16 徐绍杰 Convenient oxygen inhaler
CN105963836A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-09-28 成都德善能科技有限公司 Novel medical breathing machine
CN106798981A (en) * 2015-11-26 2017-06-06 金万善 A kind of respirator
CN107374633A (en) * 2017-08-23 2017-11-24 王晶 A kind of Respiratory Medicine detection and analysis device

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1035245A (en) * 1989-02-24 1989-09-06 航天工业部第二研究院第四总体设计部 The microcomputerized controller of respirator
US20020023646A1 (en) * 2000-08-22 2002-02-28 Ralf Heesch Process for controlling a respirator
CN201379872Y (en) * 2009-04-21 2010-01-13 嘉美科仪(北京)医疗设备有限公司 Respirator
CN102114296A (en) * 2009-12-31 2011-07-06 北京谊安医疗系统股份有限公司 Breathing machine, two-path gases mixing control mechanism, and adjusting method
CN102114290A (en) * 2009-12-31 2011-07-06 北京谊安医疗系统股份有限公司 Method, device and system for detecting breathing machine
CN203694300U (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-07-09 科迈(常州)电子有限公司 Breathing machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1035245A (en) * 1989-02-24 1989-09-06 航天工业部第二研究院第四总体设计部 The microcomputerized controller of respirator
US20020023646A1 (en) * 2000-08-22 2002-02-28 Ralf Heesch Process for controlling a respirator
CN201379872Y (en) * 2009-04-21 2010-01-13 嘉美科仪(北京)医疗设备有限公司 Respirator
CN102114296A (en) * 2009-12-31 2011-07-06 北京谊安医疗系统股份有限公司 Breathing machine, two-path gases mixing control mechanism, and adjusting method
CN102114290A (en) * 2009-12-31 2011-07-06 北京谊安医疗系统股份有限公司 Method, device and system for detecting breathing machine
CN203694300U (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-07-09 科迈(常州)电子有限公司 Breathing machine

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104399164A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-03-11 北京神鹿腾飞医疗科技有限公司 Intelligent respirator and aerating method of using the respirator
CN105159340A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-16 徐绍杰 Convenient oxygen inhaler
CN106798981A (en) * 2015-11-26 2017-06-06 金万善 A kind of respirator
CN105963836A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-09-28 成都德善能科技有限公司 Novel medical breathing machine
CN105963836B (en) * 2016-05-31 2019-02-15 广州五颗星信息科技有限公司 A kind of novel medical ventilator
CN107374633A (en) * 2017-08-23 2017-11-24 王晶 A kind of Respiratory Medicine detection and analysis device

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Application publication date: 20140423

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