CN103586260B - A kind of building waste removal of impurities classification auger and the complete treatment facility of building waste - Google Patents

A kind of building waste removal of impurities classification auger and the complete treatment facility of building waste Download PDF

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CN103586260B
CN103586260B CN201310578932.XA CN201310578932A CN103586260B CN 103586260 B CN103586260 B CN 103586260B CN 201310578932 A CN201310578932 A CN 201310578932A CN 103586260 B CN103586260 B CN 103586260B
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building waste
screen drum
screen
sieve
auger
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CN103586260A (en
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程建中
杨小博
曹永杰
吴雪莲
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程建中
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/58Construction or demolition [C&D] waste

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of building waste removal of impurities classification auger and the complete treatment facility of building waste, to the rinsing bowl that need process building waste and wash before its classification auger comprises screen drum, is arranged on the spiral conveyer structure in screen drum and enters screen drum, one end of screen drum is feed end and its other end is discharge end, described feed end is positioned at rinsing bowl, discharge end arranged outside has the electric driving mechanism driving spiral conveyer structure to carry out continuous rotation, and spiral conveyer structure and screen drum are laid in coaxial; Its complete treatment facility comprise band front side charging aperture rotary screen, be positioned at the vibratory sieve below rotary screen and the oversize of vibratory sieve carried out to the classification auger of ion and conveying; Screen drum is in being tilted to laying, and rinsing bowl is positioned at below vibratory sieve.Structure of the present invention is simple, reasonable in design, install lay convenient and use easy and simple to handle, result of use good, the problem such as can solve function singleness that existing building refuse treatment plant exists, failure rate of machinery is high, result of use is poor.

Description

A kind of building waste removal of impurities classification auger and the complete treatment facility of building waste
Technical field
The invention belongs to building waste processing technology field, especially relate to a kind of building waste removal of impurities classification auger and the complete treatment facility of building waste.
Background technology
Building waste refers to the discarded object that structure produces in newly-built, renovating and enlarging and demolition activity.Along with the continuous quickening of engineering construction, the generation of building waste is also in rapid growth, the quantity of China's building waste has accounted for 30% ~ 40% of municipal refuse total amount, building waste is larger to living environment harm on the one hand, the cycling and reutilization value of building waste is very large on the other hand, and therefore the cycling and reutilization equipment of the building waste of building waste is with a wide range of applications and huge practical value.
Washing auger in current building waste process field can only rise material and carry, do not reach the effect of screening, and auger lower end common on market adopts the drive mechanisms such as bearing, this bearing is immersed in water for a long time, easy generation mechanical breakdown, maintenance difficulty is large and maintenance cost is high.Nowadays, the sieving garbage treatment facility used during building waste process is all that existing vibration machinery is brought direct use usually, the overall structure of sieving garbage treatment facility can not adapt to the processing requirements of building waste, manyly in building waste can not the unnecessary material of cycling and reutilization all can not to sort out by regulation, therefore the screening effect of expectation is not reached, and the corresponding raw material making to generate during building waste cycling and reutilization can not reach expection requirement, thus have influence on end product quality further.In addition, the existing sieving garbage treatment facility similar with vibration machinery, there is defect and the deficiencies such as structure is simple, function singleness, result of use difference all to some extent, just can not sieve process building waste at all, and there is the problems such as failure rate of machinery is high, maintenance difficulty is large.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is for above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, there is provided a kind of structure simple, reasonable in design and use easy and simple to handle, that result of use is good building waste removal of impurities classification auger, effectively can solve the problems such as function singleness, result of use that existing auger exists be poor.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of building waste removal of impurities classification auger, it is characterized in that: comprise screen drum, to the rinsing bowl that need process building waste and wash before being arranged on spiral conveyer structure in screen drum and entering screen drum, one end of described screen drum is feed end and its other end is discharge end, described feed end is positioned at rinsing bowl, described discharge end arranged outside has the electric driving mechanism driving spiral conveyer structure to carry out continuous rotation, be in transmission connection by transmission mechanism between described spiral conveyer structure and described electric driving mechanism, described spiral conveyer structure and screen drum are laid in coaxial.
Above-mentioned a kind of building waste removal of impurities classification auger, is characterized in that: also comprise the auger support supported screen drum, described auger support is provided with and carries out holding in the palm the cylindrical shell holder rotation mechanism turned to screen drum.
Above-mentioned a kind of building waste removal of impurities classification auger, is characterized in that: described screen drum is in being tilted to laying; Described rinsing bowl is positioned at below the lower end of screen drum; Described screen drum lower end stretches in rinsing bowl, is provided with and carries out rotating to carry out the continuous water wheels stirred to processing building waste continuously with spiral conveyer structure in described rinsing bowl.
Above-mentioned a kind of building waste removal of impurities classification auger, is characterized in that: also comprise the water circulation pipe connected with rinsing bowl.
Above-mentioned a kind of building waste removal of impurities classification auger, is characterized in that: described screen drum is in being tilted to laying; Described spiral conveyer structure and screen drum are connected to one, and screen drum synchronously rotates with spiral conveyer structure; Described cylindrical shell holder rotation mechanism comprises the bracket be fixedly mounted on auger support, rotate continuously under the drive of screen drum and the support roller supported screen drum and top wheel screen drum being carried out to support top, and described support roller and top wheel are installed on bracket; The lateral wall of described screen drum is provided with the round circular orbit rotated continuously for support roller, described round circular orbit is vertical runs with screen drum and itself and the wheel body of support roller are parallel laying, and the wheel body of described top wheel is positioned at below round circular orbit.
Above-mentioned a kind of building waste removal of impurities classification auger, is characterized in that: the quantity of described cylindrical shell holder rotation mechanism is two, and two described cylindrical shell holder rotation mechanism symmetries are laid in the left and right sides of screen drum; The wheel body cylindrical contour of described support roller and the cylindrical contour of round circular orbit tangent; Be provided with moisture collection groove below described screen drum, described moisture collection groove is provided with drainpipe.
Simultaneously, the invention also discloses a kind of structure simple, reasonable in design and use the complete treatment facility of easy and simple to handle, that result of use is good building waste, it is characterized in that: comprise the rotary screen of band front side charging aperture, be positioned at the classification auger that the vibratory sieve that sieves below rotary screen and to the screenings of rotary screen and the oversize to vibratory sieve according to claim 1 carry out ion and conveying; Described screen drum is in being tilted to laying, and described rinsing bowl is positioned at below vibratory sieve.
The complete treatment facility of above-mentioned a kind of building waste, it is characterized in that: described rotary screen is the two stage cylinder sieve building waste after crusher in crushing being carried out to two-stage screening, described two stage cylinder sieve comprises the first rotary screen sieved the building waste sent into by front side charging aperture and the second tin roller sieve sieved the oversize of the first rotary screen, and the screen-aperture of described first rotary screen is less than the screen-aperture of second tin roller sieve; Described vibratory sieve is the screening plant sieved the screenings of the first rotary screen; The screenings that the complete treatment facility of this building waste also comprises second tin roller sieves carries out the pneumatic separator of selection by winnowing and the oversize that second tin roller sieves is returned to the material transfer equipment that described disintegrating machine carries out fragmentation, the discharging opening of described pneumatic separator is positioned at above rinsing bowl, and described classification auger is to the oversize of vibratory sieve and the auger material after described pneumatic separator selection by winnowing being carried out to ion and conveying.
The complete treatment facility of above-mentioned a kind of building waste, it is characterized in that: described first rotary screen and second tin roller sieve are in coaxial laying and the diameter of the two is identical, described first rotary screen and second tin roller sieve inside communicate, described first rotary screen front end is front side charging aperture and the front end that its rear end and second tin roller sieve is connected to one, the rear end of described second tin roller sieve is the discharge gate of being discharged by its oversize, in described two stage cylinder sieve, material conveying mechanism building waste being delivered to discharge gate by front side charging aperture is installed, described material conveying mechanism and described two stage cylinder sieve to be laid in coaxial, be in transmission connection between described two stage cylinder sieve and rotary screen driving mechanism, described first rotary screen is provided with the front side discharging opening of being discharged by its screenings, described second tin roller sieve is provided with the rear side discharging opening of being discharged by its screenings, the charging aperture of described vibratory sieve connects with described front side discharging opening, and the charging aperture of described pneumatic separator connects with described rear side discharging opening, and the charging aperture of described material transfer equipment connects with discharge gate.
The complete treatment facility of above-mentioned a kind of building waste, is characterized in that: the upper end of described screen drum is described discharge end, is provided with finished product discharging opening below described discharge end; Be provided with the discharge gate one of being discharged by its oversize bottom described vibratory sieve, the discharge gate one of described vibratory sieve is positioned at above rinsing bowl; Described vibratory sieve is also provided with the discharging opening of being discharged by its screenings, discharging opening and the finished product discharging opening of described vibratory sieve all connect with finished product collecting bin; Being provided with in described rotary screen with it is the material conveying mechanism of parallel laying, be provided with between described material conveying mechanism and described two stage cylinder sieve to described material conveying mechanism carry building waste to lead material guide device.
The present invention compared with prior art has the following advantages:
1, structure simple, reasonable in design and install lay and use easy and simple to handle, production efficiency is high.
2, intelligence degree is high, result of use good and practical value is high, it is meticulous to sieve, integrate multiple screening and removal of impurities mode, after material after crusher in crushing enters rotary screen charging aperture, two-stage screening is carried out by rotary screen, part small particles material enters subordinate's vibratory sieve, and the bottoms material that Vibration Screen separates enters finished product materials storehouse and top material enters rinsing bowl; The larger material of a part is back to after disintegrating machine re-starts fragmentation by material transfer equipment and again sieves; Some medium sized material carries out pneumatic separator and carries out selection by winnowing, and the material after selection by winnowing enters rinsing bowl.And enter the material of rinsing bowl through wet concentration removal of impurities, carried by classification auger and after being dewatered by screen cloth in course of conveying, export from finished product discharging opening and send into finished product materials storehouse.
3, the classification auger structure adopted is simple, reasonable in design and use easy and simple to handle, and first washed the material after screening under the stirring action of water wheels by rinsing bowl, the lighter material of a part just swims in waterborne, taken away by recirculated water.Material after washing is carried up and down by spiral conveyer structure, and in course of conveying, also synchronously dewaters while being undertaken screening by screen drum, and have screen cloth around described garbage impurity-removing classification auger, that is screen drum has screening, permeable effect.During actual use, water wheels, screen drum and spiral conveyer structure synchronously operate under the drive of drive motors.In actual use procedure, floating screening can be carried out to materials such as wood chips by rinsing bowl, and due to the automatic circumnutation under the drive of screen drum of contained humidity in material, and dewater by screen cloth, thus classification auger has the several functions such as washing, screening, transport, drying.
4, in actual use procedure, classification auger is supported by cylindrical shell holder rotation mechanism, do not adopt conventional bearing to support, thus effectively can solve adopting the drive mechanisms such as bearing because of lower end and causing easily producing the problems such as mechanical breakdown, maintenance difficulty is large, maintenance cost is high of existing auger existence.
5, the classification auger adopted have energy-conservation, floor space is little, cost is low, stock utilization advantages of higher, compared with existing like product, stock utilization improves more than 1/3, and saving energy 1/2 (two conveyers about with one screening machine can be saved), floor space is 3/4 of existing like product, and input cost is about 2/3 of existing like product.
6, the classification auger result of use adopted is good and practical value is high, first by the stirring of water wheels, light for part material (as foreign material such as wood chip, shredded paper, plastic sheet, pieces of cloth) is floated on the water surface and taken away by recirculated water, by screw conveying device, material lifting is carried again afterwards, and feeding after screen cloth sorting with dehydration.That is, drive water circulation by water wheels during washing, make magazins' layout.During actual use, the free end of screen drum drives water wheels to rotate in rinsing bowl, and the water in rinsing bowl is circulated by water circulation pipe.What adopted manages by rinsing bowl, water wheels and water circulation the water washing device formed and has the advantage such as free of air pollution, noise be little.That is, classification auger of the present invention first utilizes floatation principle to be removed by the foreign material such as the wood chip in building waste material, shredded paper, plastic sheet, pieces of cloth, then is utilized by heavier material auger to carry out carrying the effect reaching washing, screening and dewater.Meanwhile, the classification auger adopted has the advantages such as transport high, the good stability of efficiency, be convenient to maintenance, maintenance cost is lower, the impurity in material can be reduced to less than 15%, and the foreign material still containing more than 60% after existing common auger process.To sum up, classification auger of the present invention have that screening is meticulous, impurities removing efficiency is high, pollute reduce, filter after impurity content low, improve garbage reclamation utilization rate, improve the advantages such as the quality of resource reutilization.
7, the building waste whirl screen structure adopted is simple, reasonable in design and input cost is lower, and cost is low, and cost is about 2/3 of same category of device price.Further, install and lay conveniently, by motor driven gear, rotary screen is rotated, then rotated by the gear ring of gear driven rotary screen front end, cylinder rear end relies on backing ring rotational support on support roller.Meanwhile, the building waste whirl screen floor space adopted is little, and floor space is 3/4 of same category of device; And energy-conservation, comparatively same category of device saving energy 1/2.
8, be provided with material conveying mechanism in rotary screen, automatically can carry institute's screening materials carrying, achieve the continuous sorting of building waste.In actual use procedure, by material conveying mechanism, the oversize of rotary screen is delivered to discharge gate, re-starts reach broken to return disintegrating machine; The screenings of rotary screen is then discharged by discharging opening.
9, set in rotary screen material guide device structure is simple, easy for installation and result of use is good, by this material guide device, material is led in screening process, material is made to rush at rotary screen sieve plate, rotary screen is reached and eliminates plug-hole, anticlogging function, and material can fully be sieved.
10, the building waste whirl screen result of use adopted is good and practical value is high, after first being sieved building waste by rotary screen, then is carried out the screening process of next stage by vibratory sieve.In actual use procedure, remove steel wire by rotary screen, the foreign material such as cloth, then reject the powder in building waste in impurities by vibratory sieve.During actual use, both can sieve material, simultaneously again can convey materials, and can effectively prevent screen cloth plug-hole, anti-clogging in screening process, there is the function of self-cleaning sieve aperture, in rotary screen automatic rotary process, material also can constantly impact sieve screen apertures in addition, also reduces percentage of plugged hole to a great extent, improves production efficiency.In addition, rotary screen and vibratory sieve are used in combination and impurity are sieved more can meet building waste recycling requirement.Meanwhile, the utility model has that material transports efficiency high, good stability, failure rate is low, is convenient to maintenance, noise is little, pollute the advantages such as little.To sum up, building waste whirl screen structure of the present invention simple, reasonable in design and use easy and simple to handle, result of use good, while material is sieved, can carry material, and have that material transports efficiency high, good stability, failure rate is low, is convenient to maintenance, noise is little, pollute the advantages such as little.
11, result of use is good, practical value is high and popularizing application prospect is extensive, after building waste is sent into rotary screen by material-falling hopper, sieved by rotary screen, conveying, the material that wherein granularity is larger is back to disintegrating machine and re-starts fragmentation, the material that granularity is less is sieved by vibratory sieve, and the medium material of granularity enters pneumatic separator and carries out selection by winnowing, and the oversize of the material after selection by winnowing and vibratory sieve sends into that classification auger carries out ion, screening sends into finished product materials storehouse afterwards with dehydration.During actual use, the running parameter of each equipment carries out easy adjustment by stored program controlled, to meet the different ratio requirement of user to finished product materials.To sum up, undesired impurities in building waste can be got rid of and reach the utilization again of the energy by the present invention, effectively can reduce the pollution of building waste to environment simultaneously, accomplish that resource effectively recycles, improve reusing of energy source quality, increase economic efficiency, turn waste into wealth, and the problems such as the screening that effectively can solve the existence of conventional garbage screening plant is thorough, function imperfection.
In sum, structure of the present invention is simple, reasonable in design, install lay convenient and use easy and simple to handle, result of use good, the problem such as can solve function singleness that existing building refuse treatment plant exists, failure rate of machinery is high, result of use is poor.
Below by drawings and Examples, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of classification auger of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of cylindrical shell holder rotation mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the complete treatment facility of building waste of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the internal structure schematic diagram of rotary screen of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
1-1-water wheels; 1-2-spiral conveyer structure; 1-3-screen drum;
1-4-rinsing bowl; 1-5-drainpipe; 1-6-bracket;
1-7-support roller; 1-8-round circular orbit; 1-9-drive motors one;
1-10-upper bracket; 1-11-U-lag; 1-12-top wheel;
1-13-auger support; 2-front side charging aperture; 3-rotary screen;
3-1-the first rotary screen; 3-2-second tin roller sieve; 3-8-helical blade;
3-9-guide plate; 4-1-drive motors two; 4-2-gear;
4-3-gear ring; 5-vibratory sieve; 6-discharge gate;
7-drum sieve support; 8-finished product discharging opening; 9-rear support roller;
10-backing ring.
Detailed description of the invention
A kind of building waste removal of impurities classification auger as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, to the rinsing bowl 1-4 that need process building waste and wash before comprising screen drum 1-3, be arranged on the spiral conveyer structure 1-2 in screen drum 1-3 and enter screen drum 1-3, one end of described screen drum 1-3 is feed end and its other end is discharge end, described feed end is positioned at rinsing bowl 1-4, described discharge end arranged outside has the electric driving mechanism driving spiral conveyer structure 1-2 to carry out continuous rotation, is in transmission connection between described spiral conveyer structure 1-2 and described electric driving mechanism by transmission mechanism.Described spiral conveyer structure 1-2 and screen drum 1-3 lays in coaxial.
In the present embodiment, building waste removal of impurities classification auger of the present invention also comprises the auger support 1-13 supported screen drum 1-3, described auger support 1-13 is provided with and carries out holding in the palm the cylindrical shell holder rotation mechanism turned to screen drum 1-3.
In the present embodiment, described screen drum 1-3 is in being tilted to laying.Described rinsing bowl 1-4 is positioned at below the lower end of screen drum 1-3.Described screen drum 1-3 lower end stretches in rinsing bowl 1-4, is provided with and carries out rotating to carry out the continuous water wheels 1-1 stirred to processing building waste continuously with spiral conveyer structure 1-2 in described rinsing bowl 1-4.
Meanwhile, the utility model also comprises the water circulation pipe connected with rinsing bowl 1-4.
In the present embodiment, described water circulation pipe comprises inlet channel and water return pipeline, and the water inlet that delivery port and the rinsing bowl 1-4 top of described inlet channel are opened connects, and the water inlet of described inlet channel connects with supply equipment.The delivery port that water inlet and the rinsing bowl 1-4 bottom of described water return pipeline are opened connects, and the delivery port of described water return pipeline connects with collecting-tank.
In the present embodiment, entering current in rinsing bowl 1-4 by described inlet channel is water jet.
In the present embodiment, described spiral conveyer structure 1-2 and screen drum 1-3 is connected to one, and screen drum 1-3 synchronously rotates with spiral conveyer structure 1-2.
In the present embodiment, described cylindrical shell holder rotation mechanism comprises the bracket 1-6 be fixedly mounted on auger support 1-13, rotate continuously under the drive of screen drum 1-3 and the support roller 1-7 supported screen drum 1-3 and carry out top wheel 1-12, the described support roller 1-7 of support top and top wheel 1-12 to screen drum 1-3 and be installed on bracket 1-6; The lateral wall of described screen drum 1-3 is provided with the round circular orbit 1-8 rotated continuously for support roller 1-7, described round circular orbit 1-8 is vertical runs with screen drum 1-3 and itself and the wheel body of support roller 1-7 are parallel laying, and the wheel body of described top wheel 1-12 is positioned at below round circular orbit 1-8.
In the present embodiment, the quantity of described cylindrical shell holder rotation mechanism is two, and two described cylindrical shell holder rotation mechanism symmetries are laid in the left and right sides of screen drum 1-3.During actual use, can according to specific needs, the quantity of described cylindrical shell holder rotation mechanism and the installation position of each cylindrical shell holder rotation mechanism be adjusted accordingly.The wheel body cylindrical contour of described support roller 1-7 and the cylindrical contour of round circular orbit 1-8 tangent.
During actual use, be provided with moisture collection groove below described screen drum 1-3, described moisture collection groove is provided with drainpipe 1-5.
In the present embodiment, described moisture collection groove is U-lag 1-11, described U-lag 1-11 has the installing hole installed for finished product discharging opening 8.
In the present embodiment, described finished product discharging opening 8 is vertical runs with screen drum 1-3, and described U-lag 1-11 and screen drum 1-3 are parallel laying, and described U-lag 1-11 is laid in below the postmedian of screen drum 1-3.
In the present embodiment, described water wheels 1-1 is arranged on spiral conveyer structure 1-2 lower end.During actual use, described water wheels 1-1 also can be arranged on screen drum 1-3 lower end.
During actual installation, described support roller 1-7 and top wheel 1-12 is all positioned at inside bracket 1-6.Described round circular orbit 1-8 is positioned in the middle part of screen drum 1-3, and round circular orbit 1-8 is welded and fixed on screen drum 1-3.
In the present embodiment, described electric driving mechanism is drive motors one 1-9, and described drive motors one 1-9 is positioned at the upper end of screen drum 1-3.
In the present embodiment, described bracket 1-6 is provided with the upper bracket 1-10 that spiral conveyer structure 1-2 upper end is supported, is connected by bearing between described upper bracket 1-10 with spiral conveyer structure 1-2 upper end.
Actually add man-hour, described spiral conveyer structure 1-2 comprises turning cylinder and is arranged on the screw blade on described turning cylinder, and described screw blade is triple-helix structure.In the present embodiment, the diameter of the screw blade of described screen drum 1-3 lower end is less.Described screen drum 1-3 lower end arranges striker plate.
Actually add man-hour, the madial wall of described screen drum 1-3 is provided with multiple tracks gusset, and described screen drum 1-3 is connected as one by described gusset and spiral conveyer structure 1-2.In the present embodiment, described screen drum 1-3 is welded on gusset described in multiple tracks.Gusset described in multiple tracks is weldingly fixed on described screw blade.
The complete treatment facility of a kind of building waste as shown in Figure 3, comprises the rotary screen 3 of band front side charging aperture 2, to be positioned at below rotary screen 3 and the vibratory sieve 5 sieved the screenings of rotary screen 3 and the oversize to vibratory sieve 5 according to claim 1 carry out the classification auger of ion and conveying.Described screen drum 1-3 is in being tilted to laying, and described rinsing bowl 1-4 is positioned at below vibratory sieve 5.Wherein, described rotary screen 3 and vibratory sieve 5 form building waste sorting whirl screen.
In the present embodiment, being provided with in described rotary screen 3 with it is the material conveying mechanism of parallel laying, be provided with between described material conveying mechanism and described two stage cylinder sieve to described material conveying mechanism carry building waste to lead material guide device.During actual use, by described material conveying mechanism, the material sending into rotary screen 3 is carried by after forward direction.
Composition graphs 4, described rotary screen 3 is the two stage cylinder sieve building waste after crusher in crushing being carried out to two-stage screening, described two stage cylinder sieve comprises the first rotary screen 3-1 sieved the building waste sent into by front side charging aperture 2 and the screen-aperture screen-aperture of second tin roller sieve 3-2, described first rotary screen 3-1 that the oversize of the first rotary screen 3-1 sieves being less than to second tin roller sieve 3-2.Described vibratory sieve 5 is the screening plant sieved the screenings of the first rotary screen 3-1.The complete treatment facility of this building waste also comprises the pneumatic separator carrying out selection by winnowing to the screenings of second tin roller sieve 3-2 and oversize second tin roller being sieved 3-2 and returns to described disintegrating machine and carry out broken material transfer equipment, the discharging opening of described pneumatic separator is positioned at above rinsing bowl 1-4, and described classification auger is to the oversize of vibratory sieve 5 and the auger material after described pneumatic separator selection by winnowing being carried out to ion and conveying.
In the present embodiment, described first rotary screen 3-1 and second tin roller sieve 3-2 are in coaxial laying and the diameter of the two is identical, described first rotary screen 3-1 and second tin roller sieve 3-2 inside communicate, described first rotary screen 3-1 front end is front side charging aperture 2 and the front end that its rear end and second tin roller sieve 3-2 is connected to one, the rear end of described second tin roller sieve 3-2 is the discharge gate 6 of being discharged by its oversize, in described two stage cylinder sieve, material conveying mechanism building waste being delivered to discharge gate 6 by front side charging aperture 2 is installed, described material conveying mechanism and described two stage cylinder sieve to be laid in coaxial.Be in transmission connection between described two stage cylinder sieve and rotary screen driving mechanism.Described first rotary screen 3-1 is provided with the front side discharging opening of being discharged by its screenings, described second tin roller sieve 3-2 is provided with the rear side discharging opening of being discharged by its screenings.The charging aperture of described vibratory sieve 5 connects with described front side discharging opening, and the charging aperture of described pneumatic separator connects with described rear side discharging opening, and the charging aperture of described material transfer equipment connects with discharge gate 6.Be provided with between described material conveying mechanism and described two stage cylinder sieve make described material conveying mechanism carry building waste to move to described two stage cylinder to sieve the described material guide device carrying out sorting.
In the present embodiment, described vibratory sieve 5 is positioned at immediately below rotary screen 3.
In the present embodiment, the upper end of described screen drum 1-3 is described discharge end, is provided with finished product discharging opening 8 below described discharge end.Be provided with the discharge gate one of being discharged by its oversize bottom described vibratory sieve 5, the discharge gate one of described vibratory sieve 5 is positioned at above rinsing bowl 1-4.Described vibratory sieve 5 is also provided with the discharging opening of being discharged by its screenings, and discharging opening and the finished product discharging opening 8 of described vibratory sieve 5 all connect with finished product collecting bin.
During actual installation, described rotary screen 3 is arranged on drum sieve support 7, and described vibratory sieve 5 is arranged in the middle part of drum sieve support 7, and described classification auger is arranged on auger support 1-13, and described auger support 1-13 and drum sieve support 7 connect as one.
In the present embodiment, described pneumatic separator is positioned at vibratory sieve 5 side, and described material transfer equipment is connected between rotary screen 3 and described disintegrating machine.
In the present embodiment, described material transfer equipment is conveying worm.During actual use, described material transfer equipment also can adopt the device for transporting objects of other type.
During actual use, described material conveying mechanism is spiral conveying mechanism.Described material guide device comprises polylith and is arranged on guide plate 3-9 in rotary screen 3, and described in polylith, guide plate 3-9 along the circumferential direction evenly lays.
In the present embodiment, described spiral conveying mechanism is helical blade 3-8, and described in polylith, guide plate 3-9 is all positioned at helical blade 3-8.During actual use, also can adopt the device for transporting objects of other type.Described helical blade 3-8 is six helical structures.
In the present embodiment, described rotary screen 3 is that level is to laying.
During actual installation, described vibratory sieve 5 is arranged in the middle part of drum sieve support 7.
In the present embodiment, described rotary screen driving mechanism comprises drive motors two 4-1 and is driven the gear 4-2 carrying out synchronous axial system by drive motors two 4-1, described gear 4-2 is coaxially arranged on power transmission shaft, and described power transmission shaft is coaxially connected with the power output shaft of drive motors two 4-1.Described rotary screen 3 front end is coaxially installed with and is meshed with gear 4-2 and is driven the gear ring 4-3 carrying out synchronous axial system by gear 4-2.
In the present embodiment, described rotary screen 3 rear end is provided with backing ring 10, and described drum sieve support 7 is provided with and supports rotary screen 3 rear end and to carry out the rear support roller 9 of synchronous axial system with backing ring 10, described rear support roller 9 is positioned at below backing ring 10.Described drum sieve support 7 is also provided with the front support structure that rotary screen 3 front end is supported.
In the present embodiment, described gear 4-2 and described front support structure are laid in the left and right sides, front end of rotary screen 3 respectively.
In actual use procedure, sieve cylinder 3 delivered to by material after fragmentation by disintegrating machine, sieve cylinder 3 carries out sieving to institute's convey materials and carries, wherein sieve cylinder 3 and carry out two-stage screening, wherein the screenings (being specially the small particles material of below granularity 5mm) of the first rotary screen 3-1 enters the vibratory sieve 5 being positioned at below, and the screenings of vibratory sieve 5 enters finished product materials storehouse and its oversize enters rinsing bowl 1-4; And the sieve of the first rotary screen 3-1 send thing through material conveying mechanism deliver to second tin roller sieve 3-2 sieve further, the screenings (being specially the material between granularity 5mm ~ 12mm) of second tin roller sieve 3-2 enters described pneumatic separator and carries out selection by winnowing, and the material after selection by winnowing enters rinsing bowl 1-4; And the oversize of second tin roller sieve 3-2 is back to disintegrating machine through material transfer equipment and re-starts fragmentation.The material entering rinsing bowl 1-4 sends into finished product materials storehouse through ion and dehydrated mouth.During actual use, can according to specific needs, the screen-aperture of the first rotary screen 3-1 and second tin roller sieve 3-2 be adjusted accordingly.
The above; it is only preferred embodiment of the present invention; not the present invention is imposed any restrictions, every above embodiment is done according to the technology of the present invention essence any simple modification, change and equivalent structure change, all still belong in the protection domain of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. the complete treatment facility of building waste, is characterized in that: comprise the rotary screen (3) of band front side charging aperture (2), be positioned at rotary screen (3) below and the vibratory sieve (5) sieved the screenings of rotary screen (3) and the classification auger oversize of vibratory sieve (5) being carried out to ion and conveying; Described classification auger comprises screen drum (1-3), be arranged on the spiral conveyer structure (1-2) in screen drum (1-3) and enter screen drum (1-3) before to the rinsing bowl (1-4) that need process building waste and wash, described screen drum (1-3) is in being tilted to laying, and described rinsing bowl (1-4) is positioned at vibratory sieve (5) below; One end of described screen drum (1-3) is feed end and its other end is discharge end, described feed end is positioned at rinsing bowl (1-4), described discharge end arranged outside has the electric driving mechanism driving spiral conveyer structure (1-2) to carry out continuous rotation, is in transmission connection between described spiral conveyer structure (1-2) and described electric driving mechanism by transmission mechanism; Described spiral conveyer structure (1-2) and screen drum (1-3) are laid in coaxial; The upper end of described screen drum (1-3) is described discharge end, is provided with finished product discharging opening (8) below described discharge end; Described vibratory sieve (5) bottom is provided with the discharge gate one of being discharged by its oversize, and the discharge gate one of described vibratory sieve (5) is positioned at rinsing bowl (1-4) top; (5) are also provided with the discharging opening of being discharged by its screenings with described vibratory sieve, and discharging opening and the finished product discharging opening (8) of described vibratory sieve (5) all connect with finished product collecting bin; Being provided with in described rotary screen (3) with it is the material conveying mechanism of parallel laying, be provided with between described material conveying mechanism and described rotary screen to described material conveying mechanism carry building waste to lead material guide device.
2. according to the complete treatment facility of a kind of building waste according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise the auger support (1-13) that screen drum (1-3) is supported, described auger support (1-13) is provided with and carries out holding in the palm the cylindrical shell holder rotation mechanism turned to screen drum (1-3).
3. according to the complete treatment facility of a kind of building waste described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described rinsing bowl (1-4) is positioned at below the lower end of screen drum (1-3); Described screen drum (1-3) lower end stretches in rinsing bowl (1-4), is provided with and carries out rotating to carry out the continuous water wheels (1-1) stirred to processing building waste continuously with spiral conveyer structure (1-2) in described rinsing bowl (1-4).
4. according to the complete treatment facility of a kind of building waste described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: also comprise the water circulation pipe connected with rinsing bowl (1-4).
5. according to the complete treatment facility of a kind of building waste according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described screen drum (1-3) is in being tilted to laying; Described spiral conveyer structure (1-2) and screen drum (1-3) are connected to one, and screen drum (1-3) synchronously rotates with spiral conveyer structure (1-2); Described cylindrical shell holder rotation mechanism comprises the bracket (1-6) be fixedly mounted on auger support (1-13), rotate continuously under the drive of screen drum (1-3) and the support roller (1-7) supported screen drum (1-3) and top wheel (1-12) of screen drum (1-3) being carried out to support top, and described support roller (1-7) and top are taken turns (1-12) and be installed on bracket (1-6); The lateral wall of described screen drum (1-3) is provided with the round circular orbit (1-8) rotated continuously for support roller (1-7), described round circular orbit (1-8) and screen drum (1-3) are in vertical runs and it is parallel laying with the wheel body of support roller (1-7), and the wheel body of described top wheel (1-12) is positioned at round circular orbit (1-8) below.
6. according to the complete treatment facility of a kind of building waste according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the quantity of described cylindrical shell holder rotation mechanism is two, two described cylindrical shell holder rotation mechanism symmetries are laid in the left and right sides of screen drum (1-3); The wheel body cylindrical contour of described support roller (1-7) and the cylindrical contour of round circular orbit (1-8) tangent; Described screen drum (1-3) below is provided with moisture collection groove, described moisture collection groove is provided with drainpipe (1-5).
7. according to the complete treatment facility of a kind of building waste according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rotary screen (3) is the two stage cylinder sieve building waste after crusher in crushing being carried out to two-stage screening, described two stage cylinder sieve comprises the first rotary screen (3-1) sieved the building waste sent into by front side charging aperture (2) and second tin roller sieve (3-2) sieved the oversize of the first rotary screen (3-1), and the screen-aperture of described first rotary screen (3-1) is less than the screen-aperture of second tin roller sieve (3-2); Described vibratory sieve (5) is the screening plant sieved the screenings of the first rotary screen (3-1); The complete treatment facility of this building waste also comprises and carries out the pneumatic separator of selection by winnowing to the screenings of second tin roller sieve (3-2) and the oversize of second tin roller sieve (3-2) is returned to described disintegrating machine carry out broken material transfer equipment, the discharging opening of described pneumatic separator is positioned at rinsing bowl (1-4) top, and described classification auger is to the oversize of vibratory sieve (5) and the auger material after described pneumatic separator selection by winnowing being carried out to ion and conveying.
8. according to the complete treatment facility of a kind of building waste according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described first rotary screen (3-1) and second tin roller sieve (3-2) are in coaxial laying and the diameter of the two is identical, described first rotary screen (3-1) and second tin roller sieve (3-2) inside communicate, described first rotary screen (3-1) front end is front side charging aperture (2) and the front end that its rear end and second tin roller sieve (3-2) is connected to one, the rear end of described second tin roller sieve (3-2) is the discharge gate (6) of being discharged by its oversize, in described two stage cylinder sieve, material conveying mechanism building waste being delivered to discharge gate (6) by front side charging aperture (2) is installed, described material conveying mechanism and described two stage cylinder sieve to be laid in coaxial, be in transmission connection between described two stage cylinder sieve and rotary screen driving mechanism, described first rotary screen (3-1) is provided with the front side discharging opening of being discharged by its screenings, described second tin roller sieve (3-2) is provided with the rear side discharging opening of being discharged by its screenings, the charging aperture of described vibratory sieve (5) connects with described front side discharging opening, and the charging aperture of described pneumatic separator connects with described rear side discharging opening, and the charging aperture of described material transfer equipment connects with discharge gate (6).
CN201310578932.XA 2013-11-16 2013-11-16 A kind of building waste removal of impurities classification auger and the complete treatment facility of building waste Expired - Fee Related CN103586260B (en)

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CN104624502A (en) * 2015-01-26 2015-05-20 绿索仕(徐州)环境科技有限公司 Technology and device for separating building garbage
CN104826788A (en) * 2015-05-20 2015-08-12 南通天蓝环保能源成套设备有限公司 Rotating type desilting machine for rubbish
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