CN103452072B - A kind of road snow removing deicing all-in-one - Google Patents

A kind of road snow removing deicing all-in-one Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103452072B
CN103452072B CN201310374650.8A CN201310374650A CN103452072B CN 103452072 B CN103452072 B CN 103452072B CN 201310374650 A CN201310374650 A CN 201310374650A CN 103452072 B CN103452072 B CN 103452072B
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China
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gripper shoe
truckle
support stand
road
frame
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CN201310374650.8A
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CN103452072A (en
Inventor
孙忠斌
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Bengang Steel Plates Co Ltd
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Bengang Steel Plates Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention belongs to snow removing deicing tool field, relate in particular to a kind of road snow removing deicing all-in-one. This all-in-one comprises frame, be placed in the snow scraping plate of frame afterbody, be placed in frame both sides two groups of flywheel mechanism of rotating centered by vertical fixed axis respectively, drive the transmission mechanism of flywheel mechanism rotation, wherein two groups of flywheel mechanism reverse rotations, flywheel mechanism comprises the knife wheel set of the same rotating shaft of many groups. Flywheel mechanism produces the spiral movement locus advancing under the drive of transmission mechanism and trailer, and the blade in knife wheel set just can produce the effect of scraping and cutting to the accumulated snow on road and accumulated ice like this, and accumulated snow is separated with road with accumulated ice. The damage of apparatus of the present invention road pavement is little, can by obstinate road by the accumulated ice on accumulated snow and the road of wheel spreading hardening.

Description

A kind of road snow removing deicing all-in-one
Technical field
The invention belongs to snow removing deicing tool field, relate in particular to a kind of road snow removing deicing all-in-one.
Background technology
Northern China is portion especially northeastward, winter sleety weather, road freezes, and adopts snow-melting agent can cause the infringement of road, tire to automobile and pedestrian's footwear also can cause corrosion, and snow breaker on the market adopts shovel pushing-type conventionally, for the snow cave shovel freezing or be compacted except DeGrain, for this problem, also the mode that has employing to smash downwards smashes the snow and ice of compacting to drive with road surface to separate, and still, dynamics is not easy assurance and can causes the damage of road pavement.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of road snow removing deicing all-in-one, is intended to solve the snow ice remover existing in the prior art damage to road and halfway problem in snow removing process.
The present invention realizes like this, a kind of road snow removing deicing all-in-one, comprise frame, be placed in frame afterbody snow scraping plate, be placed in frame both sides two groups of flywheel mechanism, drive the transmission mechanism of flywheel mechanism rotation, two groups of transfers that this transmission mechanism comprises power input device and is connected with the output of power input device, described transfer inputs to flywheel mechanism by power transmission shaft by power, wherein two groups of flywheel mechanism counter-rotate respectively centered by the vertical power transmission shaft of transmission mechanism, and flywheel mechanism comprises the knife wheel set of the same rotating shaft of many groups.
Knife wheel set is fixed on the vertical edge of Angle connection piece always, power transmission shaft lower end is provided with drive block B, the two ends of a plate group are hinged drive block B and square contiguous block respectively, in the horizontal sides of contiguous block, connect shaking device, described shaking device applies downward impulsive force by vibrations to knife wheel set, organizes knife wheel set more and is evenly distributed on power transmission shaft surrounding.
Knife wheel set is three groups, 120 ° of each intervals, and the connecting plate group length between three groups of knife wheel set and power transmission shaft is different.
Described shaking device is the pneumatic pick being vertically fixed in the horizontal sides of contiguous block, and the upper end of pneumatic pick is connected with power transmission shaft by tracheae.
Power transmission shaft upper end is provided with drive block A, the corner of contiguous block is hinged with a guide rod, guide rod outer cover has a Compress Spring, the top of described Compress Spring is connected with a swinging block, and swinging block is enclosed within on guide rod, between swinging block and drive block A, is connected with a gripper shoe, one end of described gripper shoe is fixedly connected with drive block A, the other end and the swinging block of gripper shoe are hinged, and when guide rod is slided up and down in swinging block, swinging block is along swinging with gripper shoe pin joint.
Described drive block B is double-decker, and described connecting plate group is double-rod structure, and double-rod structure difference hinge is on the double-decker of drive block B.
Frame FEP is installed front vehicle wheel with it, described front vehicle wheel comprises front truckle gripper shoe, front support stand and front truckle, front truckle gripper shoe is placed in the lower end of front support stand, wherein front support stand is H type, one end is fixed on frame front end, the other end and front truckle gripper shoe one end are hinged, and the other end and the front truckle of front truckle gripper shoe are fixed; Front support stand is fixed a hydraulic cylinder near one end of frame, and the piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder is hinged through space and the front truckle gripper shoe of H type front support stand.
On frame rear end fuselage, rear wheel is installed, described rear wheel comprises rear truckle gripper shoe, rear support stand and rear truckle, wherein rear truckle gripper shoe and rear support stand be arranged in parallel and are fixed on rear end fuselage, rear truckle is fixed in rear truckle gripper shoe, and a handwheel passes rear support stand upper end by screw rod and contacts with rear support stand.
The present invention compared with prior art, beneficial effect is: drive block B, connecting plate group and contiguous block composition parallel-crank mechanism, relying on parallel-crank mechanism under the effect of Compress Spring, to make knife wheel set remain with road surface is vertical contacts, knife wheel set relies under the effect of jerk power of the gravity of flywheel mechanism own and pneumatic pick generation, accumulated snow on road and accumulated ice are cut, knife wheel set produces the spiral movement locus advancing under the drive of transmission mechanism and trailer simultaneously, knife wheel set just can produce the effect of scraping and cutting to the accumulated snow on road and accumulated ice like this, accumulated snow is separated with road with accumulated ice.
Under the effect of the pressured spring of the present invention, blade in knife wheel set remains with scraggly road surface and contacts, the jerk power simultaneously producing by pneumatic pick (or other shaking devices), accumulated snow or accumulated ice are cut, by the effect of trailer and transmission mechanism, accumulated snow or accumulated ice are scraped off from road surface (from).
As can be seen here, the damage of apparatus of the present invention road pavement is little, can make to be separated with road with the accumulated ice on road by the accumulated snow of wheel spreading hardening on obstinate road.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the all-in-one machine structure schematic diagram that the embodiment of the present invention provides;
Fig. 2 is the flywheel mechanism structural representation that the embodiment of the present invention provides;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of flywheel mechanism of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is flywheel mechanism movement locus schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of front vehicle wheel of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of rear wheel of the present invention;
In figure, 1 is frame, 2 is transmission mechanism, 3 is flywheel mechanism, 4 is snow scraping plate, 5 is power transmission shaft, 6 for working as ring, 7 is guide rod, 8 is swinging block, 9 is drive block A, 10 is wireway, 11 is Compress Spring, 12 is pneumatic pick, 13 is drive block B, 14 is contiguous block, 15 is connecting plate group, 16 is knife wheel set, 17 is gripper shoe, 18 is front vehicle wheel, 19 is rear wheel, 20 is hydraulic cylinder, 21 is front support stand, 22 is front truckle, 23 is front truckle gripper shoe, 24 is handwheel, 25 is screw rod, 26 is nut, 27 is rear support stand, 28 is rear truckle gripper shoe, 29 is rear truckle.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make object, technical scheme and the advantage of invention clearer, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated. Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of road snow removing deicing all-in-one, comprise frame 1, be placed in frame afterbody snow scraping plate 4, be placed in frame both sides two groups of flywheel mechanism of rotating centered by vertical fixed axis respectively 3, drive the transmission mechanism 2 of flywheel mechanism rotation, wherein two groups of flywheel mechanism 3 counter-rotate, flywheel mechanism 3 comprises the knife wheel set 16 of the same rotating shaft of many groups, two groups of flywheel mechanism reverse rotations, the mutual balance of the reaction force to complete machine that ground is produced. The transfer that transmission mechanism 2 comprises power input device and is connected with the output of power input device, transfer inputs to flywheel mechanism 3 by power transmission shaft 5 by power.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, knife wheel set 16 is fixed on the vertical edge of Angle connection piece 14 always, power transmission shaft 5 lower ends are provided with drive block B13, the two ends of a plate group 15 are hinged drive block B13 and square contiguous block 14 respectively, in the horizontal sides of contiguous block 14, connect shaking device, described shaking device gives knife wheel set 16 downward impulsive force by vibrations, organizes knife wheel set 16 more and is evenly distributed on power transmission shaft 5 surroundings. Knife wheel set 16 relies under the effect of jerk power of the gravity of flywheel mechanism 3 own and shaking device generation, accumulated snow on road and accumulated ice are cut, in the present embodiment, shaking device is the pneumatic pick 12 that is vertically fixed on the horizontal sides of contiguous block 14, the upper end of pneumatic pick 12 is connected with power transmission shaft 5 by wireway 10, has shake in pneumatic pick 12, drives vertical tremor by air pressure, apply downward impulsive force by connector to knife wheel set, thereby the accumulated snow on road or accumulated ice are cut.
Power transmission shaft 5 upper ends are provided with drive block A9, the corner of contiguous block 14 is hinged with a guide rod 7, guide rod 7 upper ends are fixed with when ring 6, guide rod 7 outer cover have a Compress Spring 11, on Compress Spring 11, be arranged with a swinging block 8, swinging block 8 is enclosed within on guide rod 7, between swinging block 8 and drive block A9, be connected with a gripper shoe 17, one end of gripper shoe 17 is fixedly connected with drive block A9, the other end of gripper shoe 17 and swinging block 8 are hinged, knife wheel set 16 is on scraggly road surface when dipping and heaving, drive guide rod 7 to rotate around corner's pin joint of contiguous block 14, thereby drive guide rod 7 to slide up and down in swinging block 8, swinging block 8 is subject to the twisting resistance of guide rod 7, thereby swinging back and forth with the pin joint of gripper shoe 17, guide rod 7 plays the effect to Compress Spring 11 support guides.
Power transmission shaft 5, drive block A9, guide rod 7, swinging block 8, drive block B13, connecting plate group 15 and contiguous block 14 have formed a slider-crank mechanism, Compress Spring 11 is enclosed within on guide rod 7, Compress Spring 11 two ends compress with swinging block 8 and contiguous block 14 respectively, Compress Spring 11 just can produce downward elastic force to the knife wheel set 16 being fixedly connected on contiguous block 14 all the time by swinging block 8 and contiguous block 14 like this, and knife wheel set 16 is kept in touch with scraggly road surface all the time. Rely on parallel-crank mechanism, under the effect of Compress Spring, make knife wheel set remain with road surface is vertical and contact.
The jerk power that shake having in pneumatic pick produces will act on by contiguous block on the blade in knife wheel set, blade cuts the accumulated snow on road or accumulated ice by the jerk power that relies on the gravity of mechanism own and pneumatic pick generation like this, blade, by producing rotation with the friction on road surface, produces around the revolution of power transmission shaft and movement forward by the effect of transmission mechanism simultaneously.
As shown in Figure 4, in the present embodiment, be three groups of knife wheel set, 120 ° of each intervals, the connecting plate group length between three knife wheel set and power transmission shaft is different. When rotation, form the different concentric circles of diameter. Flywheel mechanism 3 produces the spiral movement locus advancing under the drive of transmission mechanism 2 and trailer, and knife wheel set 16 just can produce the effect of scraping and cutting to the accumulated snow on road and accumulated ice like this, and accumulated snow is separated with road with accumulated ice.
If Fig. 1 is in conjunction with as shown in Fig. 5, frame 1 FEP is installed front vehicle wheel 18 with it, front vehicle wheel 18 comprises front truckle gripper shoe 23, front support stand 21 and front truckle 22, front truckle gripper shoe 23 is placed in the lower end of front support stand 21, wherein front support stand 21 is H type, one end is fixed on frame 1 front end, and the other end and front truckle gripper shoe 23 one end are hinged, and the other end of front truckle gripper shoe 23 and front truckle 22 are fixing; Front support stand 21 is fixed a hydraulic cylinder 20 near one end of frame 1, and the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder 20 is hinged through space and the front truckle gripper shoe 23 of H type front support stand 21.
Can control the distance between frame 1 and road surface by the size of controlling hydraulic cylinder piston rod overhang, thereby control Compress Spring 11 is granted the shear force of scraping to different situation ice and snow roads of break bar.
If Fig. 1 is in conjunction with as shown in Fig. 6, frame 1 backend machine is installed rear wheel 19 with it, rear wheel 19 comprises rear truckle gripper shoe 28, rear support stand 27 and rear truckle 29, wherein rear truckle gripper shoe 28 and rear support stand 27 be arranged in parallel and are fixed on rear end fuselage, rear truckle 29 is fixed in rear truckle gripper shoe 28, and a handwheel 24 contacts with rear support stand 27 through the nut 26 of rear support stand upper surface by self screw rod 25.
The length that enters nut by the rotation control screw rod of handwheel also can be controlled the distance between frame 1 and road surface, thereby control Compress Spring 11 is granted the shear force of scraping to different situation ice and snow roads of break bar.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any amendments of doing within the spirit and principles in the present invention, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a road snow removing deicing all-in-one, it is characterized in that, comprise frame, be placed in frame afterbody snow scraping plate, be placed in frame both sides two groups of flywheel mechanism, drive the transmission mechanism of flywheel mechanism rotation, two groups of transfers that this transmission mechanism comprises power input device and is connected with the output of power input device, described transfer inputs to flywheel mechanism by power transmission shaft by power, wherein two groups of flywheel mechanism counter-rotate respectively centered by the vertical power transmission shaft of transmission mechanism, and every group of flywheel mechanism comprises the knife wheel set of three groups of same rotating shafts; Knife wheel set is fixed on the vertical edge of Angle connection piece always; power transmission shaft lower end is provided with drive block B; the two ends of a plate group are hinged drive block B and square contiguous block respectively; in the horizontal sides of contiguous block, connect shaking device; described shaking device applies downward impulsive force by vibrations to knife wheel set; 120 ° of knife wheel set each intervals, the connecting plate group length between three groups of knife wheel set and power transmission shaft is different; Described shaking device is the pneumatic pick being vertically fixed in the horizontal sides of contiguous block, and the upper end of pneumatic pick is connected with power transmission shaft by tracheae.
2. road snow removing deicing all-in-one as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, power transmission shaft upper end is provided with drive block A, the corner of contiguous block is hinged with a guide rod, and guide rod outer cover has a Compress Spring, and the top of described Compress Spring is connected with a swinging block, swinging block is enclosed within on guide rod, between swinging block and drive block A, be connected with a gripper shoe, one end of described gripper shoe is fixedly connected with drive block A, and the other end and the swinging block of gripper shoe are hinged.
3. road snow removing deicing all-in-one as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described drive block B is double-decker, and described connecting plate group is double-rod structure, and double-rod structure is hinged on the double-decker of drive block B.
4. road snow removing deicing all-in-one as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, frame FEP is installed front vehicle wheel with it, described front vehicle wheel comprises front truckle gripper shoe, front support stand and front truckle, front truckle gripper shoe is placed in the lower end of front support stand, and wherein front support stand is H type, and one end is fixed on frame front end, the other end and front truckle gripper shoe one end are hinged, and the other end and the front truckle of front truckle gripper shoe are fixed; Front support stand is fixed a hydraulic cylinder near one end of frame, and the piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder is hinged through space and the front truckle gripper shoe of H type front support stand.
5. road snow removing deicing all-in-one as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, on frame rear end fuselage, rear wheel is installed, described rear wheel comprises rear truckle gripper shoe, rear support stand and rear truckle, wherein rear truckle gripper shoe and rear support stand be arranged in parallel and are fixed on rear end fuselage, rear truckle is fixed in rear truckle gripper shoe, and a handwheel passes rear support stand upper surface nut by screw rod contacts with rear support stand.
CN201310374650.8A 2013-08-22 2013-08-22 A kind of road snow removing deicing all-in-one Active CN103452072B (en)

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CN103452072B true CN103452072B (en) 2016-05-04

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107386189B (en) * 2017-08-07 2019-11-29 宿州青果知识产权服务有限公司 A kind of road snow removing special-purpose machinery head
CN107386190A (en) * 2017-08-07 2017-11-24 安徽机电职业技术学院 A kind of hard snow cover remove device

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3580638A (en) * 1969-06-13 1971-05-25 Robert K Pullen Packed snow and ice remover for highways and the like
EP0663474A1 (en) * 1994-01-18 1995-07-19 Gebr. Zaugg AG Method for working a layer of snow or ice
CN2467571Y (en) * 2001-03-07 2001-12-26 张彤 Hammer type snow removing machine
CN2666997Y (en) * 2003-12-31 2004-12-29 张平慧 Snow scraping vehicle matched with snow removal truck
CN2876177Y (en) * 2006-03-08 2007-03-07 甘辛欣 Ice breaking snow eradicating road sweeper
CN201202105Y (en) * 2008-01-16 2009-03-04 罗永慧 Road ice crusher
CN202969326U (en) * 2012-12-20 2013-06-05 张铁民 High road surface profiling rotation-wheel ice and snow remover
CN203072320U (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-07-24 山西农业大学 Rotary type rotary cultivator
CN203113277U (en) * 2013-03-21 2013-08-07 刘勇 Agricultural machine with functions of ice removing and snow removing
CN203136451U (en) * 2013-03-27 2013-08-21 龙口市农业机械推广站 Evener
CN203530916U (en) * 2013-08-22 2014-04-09 王红军 Road snow removing and deicing all-in-one machine

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3580638A (en) * 1969-06-13 1971-05-25 Robert K Pullen Packed snow and ice remover for highways and the like
EP0663474A1 (en) * 1994-01-18 1995-07-19 Gebr. Zaugg AG Method for working a layer of snow or ice
CN2467571Y (en) * 2001-03-07 2001-12-26 张彤 Hammer type snow removing machine
CN2666997Y (en) * 2003-12-31 2004-12-29 张平慧 Snow scraping vehicle matched with snow removal truck
CN2876177Y (en) * 2006-03-08 2007-03-07 甘辛欣 Ice breaking snow eradicating road sweeper
CN201202105Y (en) * 2008-01-16 2009-03-04 罗永慧 Road ice crusher
CN202969326U (en) * 2012-12-20 2013-06-05 张铁民 High road surface profiling rotation-wheel ice and snow remover
CN203072320U (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-07-24 山西农业大学 Rotary type rotary cultivator
CN203113277U (en) * 2013-03-21 2013-08-07 刘勇 Agricultural machine with functions of ice removing and snow removing
CN203136451U (en) * 2013-03-27 2013-08-21 龙口市农业机械推广站 Evener
CN203530916U (en) * 2013-08-22 2014-04-09 王红军 Road snow removing and deicing all-in-one machine

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Inventor after: Sun Zhongbin

Inventor before: Wang Hongjun

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Effective date of registration: 20151105

Address after: 117000 Liaoning province Benxi City Pingshan District People's Road No. 16

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Address before: Sujiatun District of Shenyang city Liaoning 110102 China 2 Street No. 18 2-6-2

Applicant before: Wang Hongjun

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