CN103434434A - Multifunctional wrecker - Google Patents

Multifunctional wrecker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103434434A
CN103434434A CN2013103980238A CN201310398023A CN103434434A CN 103434434 A CN103434434 A CN 103434434A CN 2013103980238 A CN2013103980238 A CN 2013103980238A CN 201310398023 A CN201310398023 A CN 201310398023A CN 103434434 A CN103434434 A CN 103434434A
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China
Prior art keywords
vehicle
carrying plate
wrecker
frame
leading portion
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Granted
Application number
CN2013103980238A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103434434B (en
Inventor
李忠生
陈湛成
关彩明
林学森
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GUANGDONG YUEHAI MOTOR VEHICLE CO Ltd
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GUANGDONG YUEHAI MOTOR VEHICLE CO Ltd
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Application filed by GUANGDONG YUEHAI MOTOR VEHICLE CO Ltd filed Critical GUANGDONG YUEHAI MOTOR VEHICLE CO Ltd
Priority to CN201310398023.8A priority Critical patent/CN103434434B/en
Publication of CN103434434A publication Critical patent/CN103434434A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103434434B publication Critical patent/CN103434434B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a multifunctional wrecker. The multifunctional wrecker comprises a lorry-mounted crane, a multi-section loading board, a lifting traction mechanism and a buffer type traction hook which are arranged on a frame. The multifunctional wrecker has a simple structure, is convenient to operate and is a multifunctional and multi-configuration wrecker. According to the multifunctional wrecker, the operation capacity of the wrecker can be improved, and the flat carrying and lifting capacities of the wrecker are brought into full play; furthermore, the operation range of the wrecker can also be expanded and the objects of the obstacle clearing vehicle are expanded.

Description

Multi-functional wrecker
Affiliated technical field
The present invention relates to the wrecker technical field, refer in particular to applicable to the various scenes of the accident, to various broken-down vehicles, all can carry out the multi-functional wrecker of the operation of removing obstacles.
Background technology
Wrecker is a kind ofly mainly with the lifter structure, to save, righting, ajust those accident vehicles in accident medium dip, overturning, and these accidents, fault vehicle is pulled away to the special-use vehicle of the scene of the accident with lift mechanism.Though at present domestic wrecker has that arm is rotary-type, plate, the wreckers such as type are hung in holder, this class wrecker all just has been equipped with single functional entity, as hang acts, lift, the special purpose device of the dull and stereotyped back of the body year function.The rotary-type wrecker of arm, though be furnished with the arm with spinfunction, can rescue, righting, ajust accident vehicle and can hold in the palm and lead broken-down vehicle, its single operation can only be lifted and be drawn a chassis.And, in common traffic accident, the accident that many cars bump against often, have many broken-down vehicles need to pull away as early as possible scene.Plate wrecker, though have the one drag two function, because its equipped flat board, lift mechanism are only to carry one, holder for the back of the body to lead a broken-down vehicle, thereby can't be saved accident vehicle, righting, ajust operation.And the plate wrecker of domestic one drag two, the compact car of generally can only removing obstacles.And in common traffic thing car, the example that often has compact car and heavy goods vehicles to bump against, the large and small car in traffic accident all needs to pull away as early as possible the scene of the accident.Therefore, in the actual operation of removing obstacles, conscientiously need a kind ofly both can be saved accident vehicle, righting, ajust, also can carry on the back the wrecker that carries, lifts traction or hale many broken-down vehicles of traction; Both can remove obstacles to compact car, the multi-functional wrecker that also can remove obstacles to heavy goods vehicles.
Summary of the invention
The present invention just has been to provide a kind of simple in structure, easy to operate, has the wrecker multi-functional, that polygamy is put.It not only can promote the operational capability of wrecker, and the flat board of the wrecker back of the body is carried, lifts hoisting capacity and perform to maximum; And can also expand the scope of work of wrecker, enlarge the object of the vehicle of removing obstacles.
The technical scheme that the problem to be solved in the present invention adopts:
A kind of multi-functional wrecker, comprise the lorry-mounted crane, the multiple stage vehicle-carrying plate that are arranged on vehicle frame, lift trailer coupling and buffer-type hauling hook, wherein
Lorry-mounted crane, be arranged on the operator's compartment back, comprises arm and the supporting leg of telescopic folding;
The multiple stage vehicle-carrying plate, before comprising, in, rear three sections vehicle-carrying plates, the stage casing vehicle-carrying plate is fixed on vehicle frame, leading portion vehicle-carrying plate and back segment vehicle-carrying plate are hinged on respectively dull and stereotyped front-end and back-end, stage casing, the front end of leading portion vehicle-carrying plate is equipped with the steel rope capstan winch, the end of steel rope is connected with hauling hook, the elevating ram that can drive the leading portion vehicle-carrying plate to swing up and down is installed between leading portion vehicle-carrying plate and vehicle frame, the both sides, middle part of leading portion vehicle-carrying plate form can hold the depressed part that wheel is absorbed in, the elevating ram that can drive the back segment vehicle-carrying plate to swing up and down is installed between back segment vehicle-carrying plate and vehicle frame, the back segment vehicle-carrying plate is equipped with two joints, when the back segment vehicle-carrying plate during to lower swing, reach the flexible upper sweep that ground forms the slope that can get on for vehicle, the end of the upper sweep of that joint wherein is provided with the leg that can support ground,
Lift trailer coupling, include the telescopic boom that is hinged on frame end, the elevating ram that can drive telescopic boom to swing up and down is installed between telescopic boom and vehicle frame, and the end of telescopic boom is equipped with that the transverse arm of wheel can be held in two ends and for connecting the hookup that draws superimposed trailer;
The buffer-type hauling hook, include the quadra that is fixed on frame end, and the cross-under of staight shank hauling hook is at the front and back of quadra side plate, and the end of staight shank hauling hook is fixed with interstage sleeve, and the staight shank hauling hook is set with Compress Spring on the staight shank between the side plate of front and back.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
At automobile cab equipped lorry-mounted crane behind, can grab the accident vehicle that hangs various states, and can be saved accident vehicle, righting, the operation such as ajust.Simultaneously, increased the load of front axle, guaranteed that when wrecker is lifted operation, front axle turns to safely required minimum axle load.Because, when being arranged on the wrecker afterbody and lifting vehicle, due to lever principle, the axle load of wrecker front axle can reduce, so the essential axle load that increases front axle.
Equipped multiple stage vehicle-carrying plate, both can carry on the back and carry dolly, construction machinery and equipment, and even high capacity waggon also can be carried on the back and carry, and the front-wheel of high capacity waggon can be parked in the depressed part of leading portion vehicle-carrying plate, makes the car load height can not surpass the method take the altitude.The back segment vehicle-carrying plate both can be downward-sloping, also can hold up folding.When the back segment vehicle-carrying plate is downward-sloping, the less angle that the upper sweep that it is flexible and ground can form, not only can meet the upward slope requirement of full size vehicle, and even the short sport car of front overhang also can unhinderedly be climbed up this gradient by zero damage.During back segment vehicle-carrying plate level, increased dull and stereotyped length, just can carry on the back and carry longer vehicle.During the folding setting of back segment vehicle-carrying plate, trailing arm need not be stretched out so long, just can lift vehicle.In the situation that guarantee that the wrecker front axle turns to safely axle load, improved towing rating, increased the ability of lifting of wrecker.
Equipped buffer-type hauling hook, wrecker can be directly with haling bar traction broken-down vehicle.The spring of buffer-type hauling hook, can be to when wrecker be braked, and buffering is the inertia impact to wrecker by trailer.Increase the wrecker mode of removing obstacles, made wrecker not only can hold up traction, can also hale traction.
The equipped trailer coupling of lifting, wrecker can be drawn superimposed trailer, has enlarged the manipulating object of wrecker.
The accompanying drawing explanation
The structural representation that Fig. 1 is multi-functional wrecker of the present invention;
The birds-eye view of the vehicle-carrying plate that Fig. 2 is multi-functional wrecker of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram that multi-functional wrecker of the present invention is lifted 4 axle heavy goods vehicles;
Fig. 4 is that Multifunctional obstacle removing back frame of the present invention carries longer lorry and lifts the schematic diagram of 2 axle lorries;
The lateral plan of the hookup of the traction superimposed trailer that Fig. 5 is multi-functional wrecker of the present invention;
The birds-eye view of the hookup of the traction superimposed trailer that Fig. 6 is multi-functional wrecker of the present invention;
The schematic diagram that Fig. 7 is multi-functional wrecker traction superimposed trailer of the present invention;
The structural representation of the buffer-type hauling hook that Fig. 8 is multi-functional wrecker of the present invention;
The schematic diagram that Fig. 9 is multi-functional wrecker traction heavy motor vehicle of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Fig. 1~9, multi-functional wrecker, comprise the lorry-mounted crane, the multiple stage vehicle-carrying plate that are arranged on vehicle frame 1, lift trailer coupling and buffer-type hauling hook.
Lorry-mounted crane is arranged on the operator's compartment back, comprises arm 2 and the supporting leg 3 of telescopic folding, and arm 2 is scalable, folding, luffing.Supporting leg 3 is arranged on the both sides of vehicle frame 1, when lorry-mounted crane hangs the act operation, car load is played to stabilization.Lorry-mounted crane, in the actual operation of removing obstacles, is very easily to grab the accident vehicle that hangs various states, and can be saved accident vehicle, righting, the operation such as ajusts.During the lorry-mounted crane lifting operation, the supporting leg 3 of vehicle right and left both sides stretches out and contacts to earth, and car load is played to stabilization.Equipped lorry-mounted crane, not only can carry out snatch to the vehicle of different conditions, ajust, righting, upset operation, can also increase the load of wrecker front axle, thereby guarantee that wrecker is because lifting the required front-axle steering axle load of operation.
Before, during and after the multiple stage vehicle-carrying plate comprises, three sections carry car, and stage casing vehicle-carrying plate 5 is fixed on vehicle frame 1, and leading portion vehicle-carrying plate 4 and back segment vehicle-carrying plate 6 are hinged on respectively dull and stereotyped 5 front-end and back-end, stage casing.The front end of leading portion vehicle-carrying plate 4 is equipped with steel rope capstan winch 7, and the end of steel rope 8 is connected with hauling hook 9.The elevating ram 10 that can drive leading portion vehicle-carrying plate 4 to swing up and down is installed between leading portion vehicle-carrying plate 4 and vehicle frame 1.The both sides, middle part of leading portion vehicle-carrying plate 4 form can hold the depressed part 4.1 that wheel is absorbed in.When elevating ram 10 drives leading portion vehicle-carrying plates 4 to rise, the height of the steel rope capstan winch 7 that can raise so that with steel rope 8 towages, the upper vehicle-carrying plate of broken-down vehicle traction.When elevating ram 10 drives leading portion vehicle-carrying plate 4 to descend, can be used to the back of the body and carry broken-down vehicle.The elevating ram 11 that can drive back segment vehicle-carrying plate 6 to swing up and down is installed between back segment vehicle-carrying plate 6 and vehicle frame 1.Back segment vehicle-carrying plate 6 be equipped with two joints when back segment vehicle-carrying plate 6 during to lower swing, reach the flexible upper sweep 12 that ground forms the slope that can get on for vehicle, end of the upper sweep 12 of that joint in the middle of wherein is provided with the leg 13 that can support ground.The upper sweep 12 of two joints adopts respectively telescopic oil cylinder 22 to drive.The both sides of vehicle frame 1 end are respectively equipped with the telescopic outrigger 23 that supports ground, and car load is played to stabilization.
Lift trailer coupling and include the telescopic boom 14 that is hinged on vehicle frame 1 end, the elevating ram 21 that can drive telescopic boom 14 to swing up and down is installed between telescopic boom 14 and vehicle frame 1, and the end of telescopic boom 14 is equipped with that the transverse arm 15 of wheel can be held in two ends and for connecting the hookup 16 that draws superimposed trailer.Telescopic boom 14 generally is provided with one to three joint arm, maximum cross-section be an arm, two arms, three arms are inserted in respectively in the inside, three arm bodies can stretch each other under the driving of hydraulic pressure.Palette fork, clasping tyre mechanism etc. are installed on transverse arm 15 usually and are used for holding wheel.The hookup 16 of traction superimposed trailer comprises U-shaped deck 16.1 and traction saddle 16.2, utilize fastening bolt 16.3 U-shaped deck 16.1 to be fixed on the transverse arm 15 of end of telescopic boom 14, traction saddle 16.2 is tied by bearing pin 16.4 and U-shaped deck 16.1, and traction saddle 16.2 can carry out the front and back upset around bearing pin 16.4.After the towing pin of superimposed trailer inserts traction saddle 16.2, locating dowel pin 16.5 is inserted to traction saddle 16.2, can carry out the superimposed trailer towage.
The buffer-type hauling hook, include the quadra 17 that is fixed on frame end, 18 cross-under of staight shank hauling hook are at the front and back of quadra 17 side plate, and the staight shank end of staight shank hauling hook 18 is fixed with interstage sleeve 19, and staight shank hauling hook 18 is set with Compress Spring 24 on the staight shank between the side plate of front and back.The opening of staight shank hauling hook 18 is typically provided with the ratchet 20 that can prevent that eye hitch from breaking off relations.

Claims (1)

1. a multi-functional wrecker, comprise the lorry-mounted crane, the multiple stage vehicle-carrying plate that are arranged on vehicle frame, lift trailer coupling and buffer-type hauling hook, wherein
Lorry-mounted crane, be arranged on the operator's compartment back, comprises arm and the supporting leg of telescopic folding;
The multiple stage vehicle-carrying plate, before comprising, in, rear three sections vehicle-carrying plates, the stage casing vehicle-carrying plate is fixed on vehicle frame, leading portion vehicle-carrying plate and back segment vehicle-carrying plate are hinged on respectively dull and stereotyped front-end and back-end, stage casing, the front end of leading portion vehicle-carrying plate is equipped with the steel rope capstan winch, the end of steel rope is connected with hauling hook, the elevating ram that can drive the leading portion vehicle-carrying plate to swing up and down is installed between leading portion vehicle-carrying plate and vehicle frame, the both sides, middle part of leading portion vehicle-carrying plate form can hold the depressed part that wheel is absorbed in, the elevating ram that can drive the back segment vehicle-carrying plate to swing up and down is installed between back segment vehicle-carrying plate and vehicle frame, the back segment vehicle-carrying plate is equipped with two joints when the back segment vehicle-carrying plate during to lower swing, reach the flexible upper sweep that ground forms the slope that can get on for vehicle, the end of the upper sweep of that joint wherein is provided with the leg that can support ground, the both sides of frame end are respectively equipped with the telescopic outrigger that supports ground,
Lift trailer coupling, include the telescopic boom that is hinged on frame end, the elevating ram that can drive telescopic boom to swing up and down is installed between telescopic boom and vehicle frame, and the end of telescopic boom is equipped with that the transverse arm of wheel can be held in two ends and for connecting the hookup that draws superimposed trailer;
The buffer-type hauling hook, include the quadra that is fixed on frame end, and the cross-under of staight shank hauling hook is at the front and back of quadra side plate, and the end of staight shank hauling hook is fixed with interstage sleeve, and the staight shank hauling hook is set with Compress Spring on the staight shank between the side plate of front and back.
CN201310398023.8A 2013-09-04 2013-09-04 Multi-functional wrecker Active CN103434434B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN103434434B CN103434434B (en) 2016-01-06

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104175938A (en) * 2014-09-02 2014-12-03 于永东 Fire scene wrecker
CN105691277A (en) * 2016-01-15 2016-06-22 广东粤海汽车有限公司 Block removal vehicle for tunnel
CN107234999A (en) * 2017-06-02 2017-10-10 沈阳品高机器人技术有限公司 A kind of roadside assistance obstacle removing robot
CN108482235A (en) * 2018-05-22 2018-09-04 中国重汽集团湖北华威专用汽车有限公司 A kind of modularization one drag two container flat plate obstacles removing car
CN108928287A (en) * 2018-07-16 2018-12-04 河北洪春专用车制造有限公司 A kind of multi-functional wrecker
CN110386048A (en) * 2019-07-04 2019-10-29 中国重汽集团湖北华威专用汽车有限公司 One kind one drags three multi-functional heavy wreckers
CN111376815A (en) * 2018-12-30 2020-07-07 浙江启邦道路救援有限公司 Three-dimensional expressway rescue emergency vehicle

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111494101B (en) * 2020-04-27 2021-10-08 纪丙营 Operation panel for burn department

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US5984614A (en) * 1996-04-10 1999-11-16 Weber; Randall W. Apparatus for retrieving and transporting disabled vehicles
CN2480230Y (en) * 2001-06-20 2002-03-06 广东粤海汽车有限公司 Flat plate mechanism for obstacle-removing vehicle
US20130147155A1 (en) * 2010-12-14 2013-06-13 Truckmovers.Com Truck towing system and assembly
EP2620323A1 (en) * 2012-01-24 2013-07-31 Georges Borgeaud Transport vehicle, in particular for motor vehicles
CN203460765U (en) * 2013-09-04 2014-03-05 广东粤海汽车有限公司 Multifunctional wrecker
JP3195494U (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-01-22 株式会社ロードサービス Large tow truck with improved underlift

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5984614A (en) * 1996-04-10 1999-11-16 Weber; Randall W. Apparatus for retrieving and transporting disabled vehicles
CN2480230Y (en) * 2001-06-20 2002-03-06 广东粤海汽车有限公司 Flat plate mechanism for obstacle-removing vehicle
US20130147155A1 (en) * 2010-12-14 2013-06-13 Truckmovers.Com Truck towing system and assembly
EP2620323A1 (en) * 2012-01-24 2013-07-31 Georges Borgeaud Transport vehicle, in particular for motor vehicles
CN203460765U (en) * 2013-09-04 2014-03-05 广东粤海汽车有限公司 Multifunctional wrecker
JP3195494U (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-01-22 株式会社ロードサービス Large tow truck with improved underlift

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104175938A (en) * 2014-09-02 2014-12-03 于永东 Fire scene wrecker
CN104175938B (en) * 2014-09-02 2016-06-08 于永东 Scene of fire obstacles removing car
CN105691277A (en) * 2016-01-15 2016-06-22 广东粤海汽车有限公司 Block removal vehicle for tunnel
CN107234999A (en) * 2017-06-02 2017-10-10 沈阳品高机器人技术有限公司 A kind of roadside assistance obstacle removing robot
CN108482235A (en) * 2018-05-22 2018-09-04 中国重汽集团湖北华威专用汽车有限公司 A kind of modularization one drag two container flat plate obstacles removing car
CN108482235B (en) * 2018-05-22 2024-03-12 中国重汽集团湖北华威专用汽车有限公司 Modularized one-to-two container flat plate obstacle removing vehicle
CN108928287A (en) * 2018-07-16 2018-12-04 河北洪春专用车制造有限公司 A kind of multi-functional wrecker
CN108928287B (en) * 2018-07-16 2023-10-03 河北洪春专用车制造有限公司 Multifunctional wrecker
CN111376815A (en) * 2018-12-30 2020-07-07 浙江启邦道路救援有限公司 Three-dimensional expressway rescue emergency vehicle
CN110386048A (en) * 2019-07-04 2019-10-29 中国重汽集团湖北华威专用汽车有限公司 One kind one drags three multi-functional heavy wreckers
CN110386048B (en) * 2019-07-04 2024-04-16 中国重汽集团湖北华威专用汽车有限公司 One drags three multi-functional heavy dull and stereotyped wrecker

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Inventor after: Li Zhongsheng

Inventor after: Zhang Peitian

Inventor after: Chen Zhancheng

Inventor after: Wu Wanchun

Inventor after: Zhang Shaoqiu

Inventor before: Li Zhongsheng

Inventor before: Chen Zhancheng

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