CN103365377B - Cabinet upright column, back board, groove bit identification system and method - Google Patents

Cabinet upright column, back board, groove bit identification system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103365377B
CN103365377B CN201310268862.8A CN201310268862A CN103365377B CN 103365377 B CN103365377 B CN 103365377B CN 201310268862 A CN201310268862 A CN 201310268862A CN 103365377 B CN103365377 B CN 103365377B
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China
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groove
backboard
board
areas
copper foil
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CN201310268862.8A
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CN103365377A (en
Inventor
孙瑛琪
王英
王勇
阳欢
沙超群
郑臣明
王卫钢
王晖
柳胜杰
袁海滨
魏廷
姚文浩
张克功
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Dawning Information Industry Co Ltd
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Dawning Information Industry Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a cabinet upright column (101) which comprises a plurality of ID regions, each ID region is provided with ID bits capable of arranging a plurality of structural bosses (103), and the arrangements of the structural bosses (103) of different ID regions are different. The invention further provides a back board (102), which comprises a plurality of groove bits used for accommodating board cards and a plurality of groups of gilding copper foil (104), wherein each group of gilding copper foils (104) respectively comprises copper foil connected with a VCC power supply via an upper pull-up resistor and grounded GND copper foil, and each groove bit further comprises a situ signal Pres line. The invention further provides a groove bit identification system and a groove bit identification method, with the adoption of the technical scheme disclosed by the invention, via the matching of the cabinet upright column (101) and the back board (102), the situ condition of the board cards can be acquired without programming fro the groove bit board card, and fewer signal lines are needed, and the quantity of board cards can be accommodated is large.

Description

A kind of rack column, backboard, groove position identifying system and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to communicate, server etc. needs the field of large-scale rack, more particularly, to systems such as communication, servers Middle rack dorsulum groove position recognition methodss and system.
Background technology
The management system of intelligent cabinet has temperature, on/off, power consumption, the wind of each groove position of intelligent monitoring management rack The fan function such as rotating speed, when the monitoring information of certain groove position occurs abnormal, needs the physical location of quick locating slot position, so as to and When safeguard, what the physical location of groove position read the serial ID number of groove position to realize generally by management system.
At present using it is more be the EEPROM reserved on the groove position board of different slots position File of the burning comprising groove position ID in EEPROM, management system reads groove position ID by reading EEPROM.This method tool There are the programmable features of ID, but every piece of board needs burning comprising different No. ID files, and workload is big, is unfavorable for board amount Produce.
Another kind is in CPCI(Compact PCI, also referred to as compact pci bus)In cabinet system popular method be by A part in the address wire of pci bus is pulled up by resistance, corresponding not by different slots position pull-up when pci system is scanned Same address wire, obtains groove position ID.This mode easily realizes in board negligible amounts, but when board quantity is more, System trace time can be very long, and is limited by PCI parallel bus signal numbers.
The content of the invention
For technical problem present in prior art, the invention provides a kind of rack column, technical scheme is:
A kind of rack column, including multiple ID areas, each ID area have it is multiple can arrangement projection piece ID positions, it is different The layout of the structure projection piece in ID areas is different.
Preferably, the structure projection piece has good electric conductivity.
Present invention also offers a kind of backboard, including multiple groove positions for inserting board, also including multigroup gold-plated Copper Foil, Per group of gold-plated Copper Foil includes connecing the Copper Foil of the Copper Foil of VCC power supplys and ground connection GND by pull-up resistor respectively, and each groove position is also wrapped Include a signal Pres line in place.
Present invention also offers a kind of groove position identifying system, including above-mentioned rack column and the above-mentioned backboard of polylith, per block Backboard is fixed to an ID area of the rack column, the gold-plated Copper Foil on backboard and the structure projection piece position in corresponding ID area It is corresponding.
Present invention also offers a kind of carry out groove position knowledge method for distinguishing using above-mentioned groove position identifying system, technical scheme is:
Backboard is fixed to into rack column Shang ID areas;
Board is inserted into the groove position on backboard;
It is different by the layout of the structure projection piece in different ID areas, determine position of the backboard on rack column;
There is level change by the in place signal Pres corresponding with the groove position on backboard, determine board on backboard Position;
So that it is determined that the accurate location of groove position residing for board.
A kind of rack column, backboard, groove position identifying system and method that the present invention is provided, are carried on the back by cabinet structure and groove position Plate cooperation is implemented without being programmed operation for groove position board, and has the groove position board number that signal number in need is few, accommodate The advantages of measuring many.
Other features and advantages of the present invention will be illustrated in the following description, also, the partly change from description Obtain it is clear that or being understood by implementing the present invention.The purpose of the present invention and other advantages can pass through write description, Specifically noted structure is realizing and obtain in claims and accompanying drawing.
Description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing is used for providing a further understanding of the present invention, and constitutes a part for description, the reality with the present invention Applying example is used to explain the present invention together, but is not construed as limiting the invention.
Fig. 1 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Wherein, rack column 101, backboard 102, structure projection piece 103, gold-plated Copper Foil 104, screw hole 105, screw hole 106th, resistance 107, IIC extension I/O device 108.
Specific embodiment
The preferred embodiments of the present invention are illustrated below in conjunction with Figure of description, it will be appreciated that described herein Preferred embodiment is merely to illustrate and explains the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention, and in the case where not conflicting, this Feature in bright embodiment and embodiment can be mutually combined.
The core of the present invention is to encode layout according to groove position, and the corresponding rack column Shang ID areas of backboard are designed with knot There is corresponding gold-plated Copper Foil in structure projection piece, backboard ID areas, and the two realizes encoding function.
Backboard, the larger printed circuit board (PCB) of typically one piece of area(Print Circuit Board, abbreviation PCB), it is used for For the groove position that exchange service board and Control card provide connection, communicated by the bus of backboard between each board.
Generally many slots are devised on backboard, each groove position defines Unique ID.Groove position board, refers to and is inserted in Veneer on each groove position of backboard.
The invention provides a kind of rack column 101, there are multiple ID areas on rack column 101, can arrange in each ID area There is multigroup structure projection piece 103 with satisfactory electrical conductivity, concrete layout type is:
According to coding requirement, there is structure projection piece in first on rack column 101 ID areas on ID4, ID3, ID2 position 103, ID1 positions are sky, do not have structure projection piece, namely the numbering in first ID area is 0001(Binary system, decimal scale is 1). There is structure projection piece 103 in second ID area on ID4, ID3, ID1 position, and ID2 positions are sky, do not have structure projection piece, namely The numbering in second ID area is 0010(Binary system, decimal scale is 2), the 3rd ID area has structure raised on ID4, ID3 position Part 103, ID2 is sky with ID1 positions, does not have structure projection piece, namely the numbering in the 3rd ID area is 0011(Binary system, ten enter It is made as 3)..., by that analogy.
The ID positions totally 4 in ID areas on rack column 101 in FIG of the invention, can number to 1111 from 0001, you can with The Shang ID areas of rack column 101 of expression are(24-1)It is individual, namely 15.ID areas number if desired is more to be needed in other words When more backboards are placed on rack column 101(More than 15), then can pass through to increase ID areas on rack column 101 Representing more ID areas, for example, ID positions increase to 5 to the quantity of ID positions, can number to 11111 from 00001, can represent The Shang ID areas of rack column 101 be(25-1)It is individual.The ID areas number that the quantity of ID positions can be represented with the need on rack column 101 Amount change, the present invention is not restricted to the quantity of ID positions.
Determine the position in backboard place ID areas mainly by 102 liang of the rack column 101 and backboard of stationary backplate on rack Realize part.
Therefore, present invention also offers a kind of backboard 102, specific technical scheme is as follows:
Four groups of gold-plated Copper Foils 104 are all designed with every piece of backboard 102, every group of Copper Foil is connect including a piece of by pull-up resistor The Copper Foil of VCC power supplys, a piece of Copper Foil for being directly grounded line GND.Backboard 102 be arranged on rack column 101 before, ID1, ID2, ID3, ID4 signals are all high level.Also include multiple groove positions on every piece of backboard 102, only carried out with number of slots as 4 in Fig. 1 of the present invention Illustrate, when needing to insert polylith board or need multiple groove positions for other reasons, can be increased as needed, And then having the advantages that the groove position board quantity for accommodating is more, the present invention is not restricted to the number of slots mesh on every piece of backboard.
In addition, each groove position includes a signal Pres line in place, is designed as by backboard on backboard 102 Resistance 107 on 102 is pulled up, and ground wire GND is directly connected on the board of groove position, before the insertion of groove position board, signal Pres lines in place High level is shown as, after the insertion of groove position board, signal Pres lines in place are shown as low level, and management system passes through iic bus just The position of board place groove position can be read.
Based on same inventive concept, present invention also offers a kind of groove position identifying system, including the He of above-mentioned rack column 101 Backboard 102, board position specifically by stationary backplate on rack rack column 101 ID areas and backboard 102 on groove Position two parts composition.The present invention provide groove position identifying system major programme be:
Every piece of backboard 102 is fixedly mounted in an ID area of rack column 101, and fixed form can be using shown in Fig. 1 Mode, namely with screw backboard 102 is fixed on by the screw hole 106 on the screw hole 105 and rack column on backboard In one ID area of rack column 101, it would however also be possible to employ others are fixedly connected mode in prior art, the present invention does not make to this Limit.
After backboard 102 and the Shang ID areas of rack column 101 are fixed, the gold-plated Copper Foil 104 on backboard 102 just with the ID areas The position of structure projection piece 103 correspondence, docking after can connect circuit, by the cloth of the structure projection piece 103 in different ID areas Office's difference can just identify the position in the Shang ID areas of backboard place rack column 101.Further, according on each groove position Signal Pres lines in place can obtain the accurate location of board.
Based on same inventive concept, present invention also offers a kind of carry out the identification of groove position using above-mentioned groove position identifying system Method, comprises the steps:
Backboard 102 is fixed to into the Shang ID areas of rack column 101, board is inserted on the groove position on backboard 102, by not Layout with the structure projection piece 103 in ID areas is different, determines position of the backboard 102 on rack column 101, then by with backboard The level change that the corresponding signal Pres in place in groove position on 102 occurs, determines position of the board on backboard, you can know The accurate location that board is located.
Wherein, the level change of signal Pres in place is to switch to low level, or other change sides by high level Formula, as long as reaching the purpose of the groove position for distinguishing board insertion, the present invention is not also restricted to this, and those skilled in the art exist Other variation patterns are adopted under the guide of the purpose, also within protection scope of the present invention.
The specific identification process of groove position recognition methodss that the present invention is provided, is exemplified below:
After backboard 102 is fixed on an ID areas of rack column 101, the two panels Copper Foil point of the four, the three, two groups of Copper Foils Ground wire GND, therefore ID4, ID3, ID2 signal are not switched to by the structure projection piece 103 on ID4, ID3, ID2 position on rack It is shown as low level.And ID1 signals correspondence group Copper Foil, because the Shang ID areas of corresponding rack column 101 do not have phase in ID1 positions The structure projection piece answered, is still pulled up resistance and draws high, and backboard is fixed on rack column 101 which can thus be distinguished Individual ID areas, that is, the position of backboard is ID【4:1】=0001(Binary system, decimal scale is 1)ID areas.
When backboard 102 is fixed to the 2nd ID areas of rack column 101, the two panels Copper Foil difference of the four, the three, one group of Copper Foil Ground wire GND is switched to by the structure projection piece 103 of ID4, ID3, ID1 position on rack, therefore, ID4, ID3, ID1 signal shows It is shown as low level.And ID2 signals correspondence group Copper Foil, because the 2nd ID areas on corresponding rack column 101 do not have on ID2 positions There is corresponding structure projection piece, be still pulled up resistance and draw high, the position that can thus identify backboard 102 is rack ID on column 101【4:1】=0010(Binary system, decimal scale is 2)ID areas.
When backboard 102 is fixed to the 3rd ID areas on rack column 101, the two panels Copper Foil difference of the four, the three groups of Copper Foils Structure projection piece 103 for ID4, ID3 position on rack is switched to ground wire GND, therefore, ID4, ID3 signal is shown as low electricity It is flat.And corresponding group of Copper Foil of ID2 with ID1 signals, because the 3rd ID areas on corresponding rack column 101 are on ID2, ID1 position Corresponding structure projection piece is designed without, resistance is still pulled up and is drawn high, can thus identify that the institute of backboard 102 is in place It is set to ID on rack column 101【4:1】=0011(Binary system, decimal scale is 3)ID areas.
When backboard 102 is fixed to other ID areas, the recognition methodss of No. ID of other ID areas are similar to, the like, here Do not repeat.
After determining which ID area that backboard 102 is fixed on rack column 101, further, in addition it is also necessary to determine board Which groove position insertion is, concrete identification process is exemplified below:
After an ID areas on one backboard 102 and rack column 101 are fixed, according to above-mentioned determination backboard in which ID area Recognition method, the numbering for determining ID areas residing for backboard is 0001(Binary system, decimal scale is 1).When board inserts the backboard Groove bit number when being 4 groove position, signal Pres4 lines in place are shown as switching to low level by high level, that is, illustrate that the groove position has Board.According to the position and the position of board place groove position in backboard place ID areas, so can determine board it is accurate Position situation, as, the board for being inserted number on rack column 101 be 0001 ID areas(Namely ID areas)On the 4th Individual groove position.
And for example, after the 2nd ID areas on a backboard 102 and rack column 101 are fixed, rack column residing for backboard 102 The numbering in 101 Shang ID areas is 0010(Binary system, decimal scale is 2).It is 6 when board inserts the groove bit number of the backboard 102 During groove position, signal Pres6 lines in place are shown as switching to low level by high level, with reference to the place ID areas of backboard 102 position and The position of the groove position of the backboard that board is located, and then can determine board accurately situation in place, i.e. the board for being inserted is in machine Numbering is 0010 ID areas on cabinet column 101(Namely the 2nd ID area)On the 6th groove position.
Using technical scheme, not only having the advantages that can be more with holding tank position board quantity, and in rack During making, as long as rack column Shang ID areas layout designs are installed, groove position board need not carry out single operation, operation letter Singly, beneficial to volume production.
Presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is the foregoing is only, the present invention, all essences in the present invention is not limited to Within god and principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements done etc. should be included within the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of groove position identifying system, including rack column (101) and polylith backboard (102), every piece of backboard (102) is fixed to institute State an ID area of rack column (101), it is characterised in that including multiple ID areas, each ID area has the rack column (101) Have it is multiple can arrangement projection piece (103) ID positions, the layout of the structure projection piece (103) in different ID areas is different;The back of the body Plate (102) includes multiple groove positions for inserting board and multigroup gold-plated Copper Foil (104), and per group of gold-plated Copper Foil includes passing through respectively Pull-up resistor connects the Copper Foil of the Copper Foil of VCC power supplys and ground connection GND, and each groove position also includes a signal Pres line in place;The back of the body Gold-plated Copper Foil (104) on plate (102) is corresponding with structure projection piece (103) position in corresponding ID area.
2. groove position as claimed in claim 1 identifying system, it is characterised in that the gold-plated Copper Foil (104) on the backboard (102) Circuit ON after docking with the structure projection piece (103) in the corresponding ID area, by the structure projection piece (103) in different ID areas Layout difference identify backboard (102) position.
3. groove position as claimed in claim 2 identifying system, it is characterised in that the structure projection piece by different ID areas (103) layout difference identifies backboard (102) position, behind board insertion groove position, according to the signal Pres in place Line obtains board situation in place.
4. carry out groove position using the groove position identifying system as described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 and know method for distinguishing, it is characterised in that bag Include:
Backboard (102) is fixed to into rack column (101) Shang ID areas;
Board is inserted into the groove position on backboard;
It is different by the layout of the structure projection piece in different ID areas, determine position of the backboard on rack column;
There is level change by the in place signal Pres corresponding with the groove position on backboard, determine position of the board on backboard Put;
So that it is determined that the accurate location of groove position residing for board.
5. groove position as claimed in claim 4 recognition methodss, wherein the level becomes turns to signal Pres in place by high level change Turn to low level.
CN201310268862.8A 2013-06-28 2013-06-28 Cabinet upright column, back board, groove bit identification system and method Active CN103365377B (en)

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CN110515866A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-11-29 苏州浪潮智能科技有限公司 Board, mainboard, board identification system and method to be identified

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CN1838152A (en) * 2005-03-25 2006-09-27 上海华为技术有限公司 Recognition system for single-board slot in frame
CN101611390A (en) * 2007-02-08 2009-12-23 多特希尔系统公司 The method and apparatus of identification rack and equipment

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US7539026B2 (en) * 2006-08-16 2009-05-26 Technobox, Inc. Sub-mezzanine structure for printed circuit card assemblies
CN101119617B (en) * 2007-08-17 2010-06-09 华为技术有限公司 Machine cabinet and communication apparatus
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1838152A (en) * 2005-03-25 2006-09-27 上海华为技术有限公司 Recognition system for single-board slot in frame
CN101611390A (en) * 2007-02-08 2009-12-23 多特希尔系统公司 The method and apparatus of identification rack and equipment

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