一种分离螺母连接解锁装置技术领域 本发明涉及星箭分离、器间分离等科技前沿领域，尤其涉及一种低冲击、高可靠的分离螺母连接解锁装置。 An isolated nut TECHNICAL FIELD  The present invention relates to a satellite and the rocket separated, separation between other cutting-edge technology field, in particular, relates to a low-impact, high reliable separation nuts unlocked unlocked connection. 背景技术 航天器需要多种分离解锁机构实现空间解锁功能，如运载火箭和有效载荷的分离、大型太阳板的空间展开等，目前，航天器的空间解锁大都采用火工装置实现解锁，但火工装置存在安全性差、工作时产生较大的冲击等问题，且只能使用一次；随着航天技术的发展，新型航天器对解锁机构的要求越加严格，另外在目前的一些分离解锁机构中分离后，两部件就彻底脱离，对空间环境也造成一定影响。  BACKGROUND  Spacecraft requires more spatial separation unlocking mechanism unlocking function, such as separation of the launch vehicle and the payload, a large solar panel deployment space, at present, most of the space to unlock the spacecraft uses pyrotechnic means unlocking, but PYROTECHNICS security is poor, have a greater impact at work and so on, and can only be used once; with the development of space technology, the new spacecraft requirements of increasingly stringent unlocking mechanism, in addition to the current after a number of separate unlocking mechanism separating the two parts completely out of the space environment also caused some impact. 因此，研究非爆炸性的解锁装置显得尤为重要。 Therefore, the study of non-explosive unlocking device is particularly important.  为满足某型空间探测器间连接解锁需求，研制了一种分离螺母连接解锁装置，且该装置具有结构简单、可靠性高、冲击低、环境适应性强、布局灵活等特点。  To meet the connection between a certain type of space probes unlock demand, the development of a separate nut connected to the unlocking means, and the device has a simple structure, high reliability, low impact, environmental adaptability, layout flexible. 发明内容为了克服现有技术的缺陷，本发明旨在提供一种可靠性高、冲击低、结构简单且环境适应性强的分离螺母连接解锁装置。  SUMMARY  In order to overcome the drawbacks of the prior art, the present invention aims to provide a high in reliability, low impact, simple structure and environmental adaptability separation nuts unlocking means.  为了实现上述目的，本发明提供了一种分离螺母连接解锁装置，用于将两分离体进行连接及解锁，该装置包括分离螺母、抗剪锥套、垫片、圆柱弹簧、锁紧螺母和收集盒；所述分离螺母包括螺杆，所述收集盒设置在所述分离螺母的上方，其中，所述分离螺母的螺杆依次穿过两分离体以及所述垫片；且所述分离螺母穿过所述圆柱弹簧，并由所述锁紧螺母锁紧，从而对两分离体进行连接；并且，通过分离螺母的分离动作，所述圆柱弹簧将分离后的螺杆以及所述锁紧螺母弹到所述收集盒中，从而使两分离体分离。  To achieve the above object, the present invention provides an isolated unlocking nut connection means for connecting the body and two separate unlocking, the apparatus comprises a separation nut, the shear cone sleeve, washer, cylindrical spring locking nuts and collection cassette; separating said nut includes a screw, a collection box disposed above the separation nut, wherein the screw passes through two separate nut and said separator spacer; and separating the nut through said cylindrical spring by the locking nut, so that separation of the two connector body; and, by separation operation for separating the nut, the screw cylinder spring and the separated lock nut shells to the collection box, so that two separate separation.  较佳地，所述锁紧螺母和所述垫片之间为球面配合，该球面配合设置具有一定的间隙补偿功能，保证分离的可靠性。  Preferably, the locking between the washer and the nut with a spherical, the spherical surface is provided with a certain clearance compensation function to ensure the reliability of the separation.  较佳地，所述抗剪锥套固定连接在所述两分离体中支撑舱的对接框上，由于分离螺母不易承受剪力，则由抗剪锥套承受分离界面的横向剪切力。  Preferably, the shear cone sleeve fixedly connected to the supporting frame mating the two compartment separation body, the nut is not easy due to the separation withstand shear, by the drogue shear withstand lateral shear interfacial separation force.  较佳地，所述圆柱弹簧具有一定预紧力，保持分离后的螺杆在所述收集盒内不发生晃动，且收集盒将螺杆收集，避免产生较多的空间多余物。  Preferably, the cylinder having a spring constant preload screw holding the separation occurs in the collecting box shaking, and collection cassette collection screw, to avoid excess space more thereof.  较佳地，所述分离螺母为成熟火工元件，所述锁紧螺母和所述垫片为普通金属零件，火工元件的分离螺母具有很高的可靠度，且其材料不以此为限。  Preferably, the isolated mature pyrotechnic nut element, said locking nut and said spacer has a high reliability as an ordinary metal parts, separating the nut pyrotechnic element, and it is not material to this is the limit.  一种分离螺母连接解锁方法，利用如上所述的分离螺母连接解锁装置对两分离体进行连接及解锁，其具体步骤包括:I)首先，将两分离体对接，抗剪锥套安装于两分离体中支撑舱的对接框上，安装分离螺母，将螺杆穿过抗剪锥套，并安装好垫片、圆柱弹簧以及锁紧螺母，采用力矩扳手多锁紧螺母施加预紧力矩，最后安装收集盒； 2)接到解锁指令后，分离螺母工作，圆柱弹簧将分离后的螺杆弹到收集盒中，且圆柱弹簧保持有一定预紧力，保持分离后的螺杆在收集盒内不发生晃动。  An isolated nuts unlock method, as described above, by the separation nut unlocking means connected to two separate connecting member and unlocking, and specific steps comprising: I) First, the two butted separator shear drogue mounted to isolate the two mating frame supporting the tank, separating mounting nut, screw through the shear drogue, and the installation gasket, a spring and a cylindrical lock nut, locknut using multiple torque wrench tightening torque is applied, final installation collection box; 2) after receiving the unlock command, the work of separating the nut, the screw cylinder spring shells separated into the collection box, and the cylindrical spring preload is held constant, the screw holding the cassette is not collected in the separation the occurrence of shaking.  与现有技术相比，本发明的有益效果如下: 1、本发明通过采用圆柱弹簧和收集盒，实现螺杆在实现分离后弹入收集盒中，由圆柱弹簧预紧力顶紧螺杆使其不发生晃动，并由收集盒收集螺杆和锁紧螺母，不产生空间多余物。  Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows: 1, the present invention employs a cylindrical spring and a collection box, after the separation of the screw to achieve shells into the collection box, a cylindrical spring preload tight screw top it does not shake occurs, collected by collection box screw and lock nut, no unnecessary space thereof.  2、本发明锁紧螺母和垫片之间通过设计球面配合，使具有一定的间隙补偿功能，保证分离的可靠性。  2, between the lock nut and washer of the present invention by designing the spherical fitting, so that a certain clearance compensation function to ensure the reliability of the separation. 附图说明 图1为本发明分离螺母连接解锁装置结构示意图。  BRIEF DESCRIPTION  FIG 1 a schematic view of the separation nut connection unlocking means of the present invention.  符号列表: 1-分离螺母，2-抗剪锥套，3-垫片，4-圆柱弹簧，5-锁紧螺母，6-收集盒。  The list of symbols: 1 - separation nut, shear drogue 2-, 3- gasket, 4- cylindrical spring, lock nut 5-, 6- collection box.  具体实施方式: 参见示出本发明实施例的附图，下文将更详细的描述本发明。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION: Referring to the accompanying drawings illustrating an embodiment of the present invention, the present invention is described in more detail below. 然而，本发明可以以不同形式、规格等实现，并且不应解释为受在此提出之实施例的限制。 However, the present invention may be in various forms, specifications and should not be construed as limiting, proposed by this embodiment. 相反，提出这些实施例是为了达成充分及完整公开，并且使更多的有关本技术领域的人员完全了解本发明的范围。 Instead, these embodiments are proposed in order to achieve full and complete disclosure, and the more people about the art fully understand the scope of the invention. 这些附图中，为清楚可见，可能放大或缩小了相对尺寸。 In these figures, it is clearly visible, may be enlarged or reduced relative dimensions.  现参考图1详细描述根据本发明实施的分离螺母连接解锁装置，如图1所示，本发明提供的分离螺母连接解锁装置，包括分离螺母1、抗剪锥套2、垫片3、圆柱弹簧4、锁紧螺母5和收集盒6 ;分离螺母I上设置有螺杆，收集盒6放置在分离螺母I的上方，通过将抗剪锥套2安装在两个分离体中支撑舱的对接框上，分离螺母I的螺杆依次穿过抗剪锥套2以及垫片3，且分离螺母I穿过圆柱弹簧4，并由锁紧螺母5锁紧，从而对两分离体进行连接；并且通过分离螺母I的分离动作，圆柱弹簧4将分离后的螺杆以及锁紧螺母5弹到收集盒6中，从而对两分离体解锁,使两分离体分离。  Referring now to Figure 1 is described in detail in accordance with separate unlocking means connected to the nut of the embodiment of the present invention, shown in Figure 1, the present invention provides isolated nut connecting the unlocking means comprises a separation nut 1, the shear cone sleeve 2, the gasket 3 , cylindrical spring 4, locking nut 5 and the collecting boxes 6; I provided with a screw nut on the separator, the collecting box 6 is placed over the nut I is separated by the shear drogue mounted body 2 in two separate supporting compartment docking block, I isolated nut screw 2 passes through the shear drogue and a spacer 3, and the separation nut cylindrical spring I through 4, the locking by the lock nut 5, whereby the connection of two separate body; and I separation operation, after the screw cylinder spring 4 and a locking nut 5 is separated by the separation nut shells into the collection box 6, whereby the separation of the two bodies to unlock the two separate separation.  其中，本实施例中的分离螺母I为成熟火工元件，具有很高的可靠度，锁紧螺母5和垫片3为普通的金属零件，锁紧螺母5和垫片3用于锁紧分离螺母I，实现两分离体的可靠连接，且锁紧螺母5与垫片3间为球面配合，具有一定的间隙补偿功能，保证分离的可靠性。  wherein, in the present embodiment the separation nut embodiment I mature pyrotechnic element with high reliability, the lock nut 5 and the washer 3 is an ordinary metal parts, locking nut 5 and a washer 3 lock nut separation I, to achieve a reliable connection of two separate bodies, and the washer 5 and the locking nut 3 with a spherical, with a certain clearance compensation function to ensure the reliability of the separation. 由于分离螺母I不易承受剪力，因此设置抗剪锥套2固定在支撑舱的对接框上，以承受分离界面的横向剪切力。 Due to the separation nut I is not easy to bear shear, shear drogue so disposed on the support 2 is fixed docking bay frame to withstand lateral shear forces separating the interface.  并且，圆柱弹簧4通过锁紧螺母5压紧，具有一定的预紧力，分离后圆柱弹簧4将分离后的螺杆以及所述锁紧螺母5弹到所述收集盒6中，且保证分离后的螺杆在收集盒6中不发生晃动，而收集盒6用于收集分离后的多余物。  Further, the cylindrical spring 4 by pressing the lock nut 5, with a certain preload, after separation of the screw cylinder spring 4 and the separated lock nut shells 5 6 into the collection box, and to ensure no separation of the screw after the shaking in the collection box 6, and a collecting box 6 for collecting the separated remnants.  利用该分离螺母连接解锁装置对两分离体进行连接及解锁，其分离螺母连接解锁的方法的具体步骤包括: O首先，将两分离体对接，抗剪锥套2安装于两分离体中支撑舱的对接框上，安装分离螺母I，将螺杆穿过抗剪锥套2，并安装好垫片3、圆柱弹簧4以及锁紧螺母5，采用力矩扳手对锁紧螺母5施加预紧力矩，最后利用螺母、螺栓或其他连接装置将收集盒6安装在分离螺母I的上方； 2)接到解锁指令后，分离螺母I工作，圆柱弹簧4将分离后的螺杆弹到收集盒6中，且圆柱弹簧4保持有一定预紧力，保证分离后的螺杆在收集盒6内不发生晃动。  With this separation of the two nuts unlocking means connected to the separation body and unlocked, unlocking isolated nut connection method specifically comprises the step of: O First, the two butted separator shear drogue attached to two separate bodies 2 the supporting block docking bay, mounting nut separation I, the shear of the screw through the drogue 2, and 3 installed gasket, cylinder spring 4 and a locking nut 5 using torque wrench for applying a preload lock nut 5 torque, and finally a nut, bolt or other connecting means 6 is mounted above the collecting box separate nut I; 2) after receiving the unlock command, the separation work I nut, the screw after separating the cylinder spring 4 into the collection box shells 6 and the cylinder spring 4 is held constant preload to ensure that no separation of the screw after shaking the cartridge 6 within the collection.  本发明提供的分离螺母连接解锁装置的圆柱弹簧具有一定预紧力，通过锁紧螺母和垫片将两分离体锁紧，并在分离螺母工作时，利用弹力将螺杆弹入收集盒中，该圆柱弹簧并不以此为限，还可以以其他弹性装置代替；且分离螺母、锁紧螺母和垫片的材料并不以此实施例为限，还可以以其他材料，只要满足分离的可靠性和较佳的锁紧功能。  The present invention provides isolated nut connected to the unlocking means having a cylindrical spring constant preload lock nut and washer through the two locking bodies separated, in the separation of the nut and the work by the elastic force of the screw is ejected into the collection box in the cylinder spring is not limited thereto, may be replaced by other elastic means; and a separate nut, locknut and spacer material is not limited to this embodiment, other materials may also be, as long as the separation the preferred locking function and reliability.  显然，本领域的技术人员可以对本发明进行各种改动和变形而不脱离本发明的精神和范围。  Obviously, those skilled in the art may make various modifications and variations to the invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. 这样，倘若本发明的这些修改和变形属于本发明权利要求及其等同技术的范围内，则本发明也意图包含这些改动在内。 Thus, if these modifications and variations of the invention as claimed in the present invention belong within the scope of the claims and their equivalents, the present invention intends to include these changes into account.