CN103262489A - Method, apparatus, device and system for multicarrier communication - Google Patents

Method, apparatus, device and system for multicarrier communication Download PDF

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CN103262489A
CN103262489A CN 201280002336 CN201280002336A CN103262489A CN 103262489 A CN103262489 A CN 103262489A CN 201280002336 CN201280002336 CN 201280002336 CN 201280002336 A CN201280002336 A CN 201280002336A CN 103262489 A CN103262489 A CN 103262489A
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communication
inclination
device
angle
different
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CN 201280002336
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103262489B (en )
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彭晶波
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华为技术有限公司
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/02Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas
    • H04B7/022Site diversity; Macro-diversity
    • H04B7/024Co-operative use of antennas of several sites, e.g. in co-ordinated multipoint or co-operative multiple-input multiple-output [MIMO] systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/02Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas
    • H04B7/04Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas
    • H04B7/06Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas at the transmitting station
    • H04B7/0613Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas at the transmitting station using simultaneous transmission
    • H04B7/0615Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas at the transmitting station using simultaneous transmission of weighted versions of same signal
    • H04B7/0617Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas at the transmitting station using simultaneous transmission of weighted versions of same signal for beam forming

Abstract

The present invention provides a method, a device and a system for multicarrier communication, which can improve the user experience in a multicarrier communication system. The method comprises the steps that: a first base station device in the multicarrier communication system determines the beam direction of a first carrier and/ or a second carrier of at least two carriers that are used for communication, so that a first downward inclination angle is different from a second downward inclination angle, wherein the first downward inclination angle is an inclination angle in a vertical direction of the beam direction of the first carrier that is used by the first base station device, and the second downward inclination angle is an inclination angle in the vertical direction of the beam direction of the second carrier that is used by the first base station device; the first and second carriers are used to communicate with at least one user device in the multicarrier communication system. Different carriers are different in the edge common boundary regions among the base station devices, so that the different carriers provide differential covering for different regions, different users select the more suitable carrier transmission according to the differences, and the overall performance is improved.

Description

多载波通信的方法、装置、设备和系统 Multi-carrier communication method, apparatus, devices and systems

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及通信领域,并且更具体地,涉及多载波通信的方法、装置、设备和系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of communications, and more particularly, to a method, apparatus, devices and systems for multiple carrier communication. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着无线通信的发展,能够使用的频谱资源越来越多,同一个基站设备往往能够使用多段频谱资源(载波)进行通信。 [0002] With the development of wireless communication, more and more spectrum resources that can be used, often with a base station apparatus capable of multi-band spectrum resources (carrier) for communication. 每个载波的覆盖区域相当于一个独立的小区,各小区同时为用户设备服务。 Each carrier corresponds to the coverage area of ​​a cell independent of each cell while serving the user equipment. 目前,不同载波可以相互协作为用户设备服务,即,每个用户设备可以接入多个载波,例如,各基站设备可以使用相同的天线方向角(水平方向上的角度)和下倾角(垂直方向上的角度)发射不同载波的波束,从而,如图2所示,各载波具有相同的覆盖范围,即,各小区的区域范围基本相同。 Currently, different carriers can cooperate with each other to serve the user equipment, i.e., each user equipment can access a plurality of carriers, e.g., each base station apparatus can use the same antenna directional angle (the angle in the horizontal direction) and the inclination (in the vertical direction angle) of transmit beams of different carriers, so that, as shown in Figure 2, each carrier having the same coverage, i.e., the area range of each cell is substantially the same. 这样,对于处于各载波覆盖范围边缘交界区域(小区边缘)的用户设备(图2中的用户设备C),任何载波都不能提供很好的覆盖(或者说,任何小区都不能提供较好的服务质量),严重影响了位于边缘交界区域(相同载波的覆盖范围交叠的区域)的用户体验。 Thus, for each carrier in the boundary of the coverage area (cell edge) of a user equipment (user equipment C in FIG. 2), any carrier can not provide good coverage (or, any cell can not provide better services by mass), a serious impact on the user experience at the edge of the boundary region (the same carrier coverage overlapping region).

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明实施例提供一种多载波通信的方法、装置、设备和系统,能够提高多载波通信系统内用户体验。 The method of embodiment [0003] The present invention provides a multi-carrier communication apparatus, devices and systems can be improved within a multicarrier communication system user experience.

[0004] 第一方面,提供了一种多载波通信的方法,该方法包括:多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备确定用于通信的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向,以使第一下倾角与第二下倾角相异,该第一下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第二下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度;使用该第一载波和该第二载波与该多载波通信系统中的至少一个用户设备进行通信;其中,该多载波通信系统还包括第二基站设备,该第二基站设备使用包括该第一载波和该第二载波在内的至少两个载波与该至少一个用户设备进行通信,该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和 [0004] In a first aspect, a method is provided for multiple carrier communication, the method comprising: a first multicarrier communication system a first base station apparatus determines the at least two carriers for communication and / or the second carrier beam direction so that the angle of inclination different from the first and second lower tilt angle, the first angle of inclination is lower carrier beam direction of the first base station apparatus using the first inclination angle in the vertical direction, which second lower is the angle of the beam direction of the second carrier of the first base station apparatus using an inclination angle in a vertical direction; using the first carrier and the second carrier in communication with the at least one user equipment of the multi-carrier communication system; wherein, the multicarrier communication system further includes a second base station apparatus, the second base station apparatus comprising the use of a first carrier and the second carrier at least two carriers, including communication with the at least one user equipment, the base station apparatus using a first a first carrier coverage and coverage of the first carrier of the second base station apparatus using the overlap, and / or the first base station apparatus used in the coverage of the second carrier and 该第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交叠。 Coverage of the second carrier of the second base station apparatus using overlap.

[0005] 在一种可能的实施方式中,该多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备确定用于通信的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向包括:多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备根据该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置,确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 [0005] In one possible embodiment, the multicarrier communication system a first base station apparatus determines at least a first carrier for the communication and / or beam direction of both carriers second carrier comprises: a multi-carrier communication system base station apparatus according to a first position of the at least one user equipment in the multicarrier communication system, determining that the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction.

[0006] 结合第一方面和第一种可能的实施方式,在第二种可能的实施方式中,第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,该第三下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第四下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的该第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 [0006] with the first aspect and a first possible embodiment, in a second possible embodiment, the third and the fourth lower inclination different downtilt, wherein the third angle is at the second base station beam direction using the first carrier device is an inclination angle in the vertical direction, and the fourth angle is the beam direction of the second carrier base station apparatus using the second inclination angle in the vertical direction.

[0007] 结合第一方面、第一种可能的实施方式和第二种可能的实施方式,在第三种可能的实施方式中,该方法还包括:向该第二基站设备发送用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第三配置信息,以便于该第二基站设备根据该第三配置信息,确定该第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 [0007] with the first aspect, the first possible embodiment and a second possible embodiment, in a third possible embodiment, the method further comprising: transmitting to the second base station for instructing the device the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of a third configuration information of the first base station apparatus used in order to the second base station apparatus according to the third configuration information, determining that the first and the second base station apparatus for use a carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction.

[0008] 结合第一方面、第一种可能的实施方式、第二种可能的实施方式和第三种可能的实施方式,在第四种可能的实施方式中,该多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备确定用于通信的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向包括:多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备接收控制中心发送的用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息;根据该第一配置信息,确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 [0008] with the first aspect, the first possible embodiment, the second and third embodiments may be possible embodiment, in a fourth possible embodiment, the first multi-carrier communication system the first carrier and / or beam direction of at least two carriers for a communication base station apparatus determines the second carrier comprises: a multi-carrier communication system a first base station apparatus receives the control center for the first base station transmits an indication of the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first configuration information equipment used; based on the first configuration information, determining that the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction.

[0009] 结合第一方面、第一种可能的实施方式、第二种可能的实施方式、第三种可能的实施方式和第四种可能的实施方式,在第五种可能的实施方式中,该多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备接收控制中心发送的用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息包括:多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备向控制中心发送用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息;接收控制中心发送的用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,其中,该第一配置信息是该控制中心根据该第一用户位置信息确定的。 [0009] with the first aspect, the first possible embodiment, a second possible embodiment, a third possible embodiment and a fourth possible embodiment, in a fifth possible embodiment, the multi-carrier communication system a first base station apparatus receives the transmission control center for instructing the first base station device using the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first configuration information comprises: a multi-carrier communication system control center to the first base station apparatus transmits to the first user position information indicating a position of the at least one user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system; means for receiving an indication sent by the control center to the first base station apparatus for use the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first configuration information, wherein the first configuration information to the control center is determined based on the position information of the first user.

[0010] 第二方面,提供了一种多载波通信的方法,该方法包括:多载波通信系统中的控制中心确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向,以使第一下倾角与第二下倾角相异,该第一下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第二下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度;向该第一基站设备发送用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,以便于该第一基站设备根据该第一配置信息确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向;向该第二基站设备发送用于指示第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第二配置信息,以 [0010] In a second aspect, there is provided a method for multiple carrier communication, the method comprising: a multi-carrier communication system control center determines the at least two carriers, a first carrier base station apparatus used in the first and / or second carrier beam direction and the first carrier and / or the beam direction of the second base station apparatus using a second carrier so that the angle of inclination different from the first and second lower tilt angle, the first angle of inclination is at the first base station beam direction using the first carrier device is an inclination angle in the vertical direction, which is the second downtilt beam direction of the second carrier base station apparatus using a first inclination angle in the vertical direction; a first base station apparatus to the for instructing the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first configuration information used by the first base station apparatus, so that the first base station apparatus is determined according to the first configuration information and the first carrier / or the second carrier beam direction; a second base station apparatus transmits to the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the second configuration information indicates that the second base station apparatus use to 便于该第二基站设备根据该第二配置信息确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向;其中,该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交叠。 This facilitates the second base station apparatus of the second configuration information to determine a first carrier and / or direction of the beam in accordance with the second carrier; wherein, the coverage of the first carrier and a first base station apparatus using the second base station apparatus using the first carrier coverage overlapping the coverage of the second carrier and / or the second carrier and the coverage of the second base station apparatus used in the first base station apparatus using overlap.

[0011] 在一种可能的实施方式中,该多载波通信系统中的控制中心确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向包括:该多载波通信系统中的控制中心接收该第一基站设备发送的用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息和/或该第二基站设备发送的用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第二用户位置信息;根据该第一用户位置信息和/或该第二位置信息,确定第一基站设备和第二基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向。 [0011] In one possible embodiment, the multicarrier communication system control center determines a first carrier and / or beam direction of at least two carriers in the first base station apparatus using a second carrier and a second base station the first carrier and / or the beam direction using the second carrier device comprises: a multi-carrier communication system the control center receives the first base station device transmits the at least one indication for a user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system a first user position information of the position and / or the second base station apparatus transmits at least one position for the user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system indicates a second user position information; information according to the first user position and / or the second position information, determining a first carrier and / or at least two carriers beam direction the first base station apparatus and the second base station apparatus used in the second carrier.

[0012] 结合第二方面和第一种可能的实施方式,在第二种可能的实施方式中,该多载波通信系统中的控制中心确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向包括:多载波通信系统中的控制中心确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向,以使第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,该第三下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第四下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的该第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 [0012] combination with the second aspect and the first possible embodiment, a second possible embodiment, the multicarrier communication system control center determines the at least two of the first carrier of the first base station apparatus used in carrier beam direction and / or the second carrier and the first carrier and / or beam direction of the second carrier using the second base station apparatus comprises: a multi-carrier communication system control center determines the at least two base station apparatus used in a first the first carrier and / or beam direction of the carrier and the second carrier a first carrier and / or the beam direction of the second base station apparatus using a second carrier, such that the third angle and the fourth angle relative to the iso, wherein the third angle is the beam direction of the first carrier base station apparatus using the second inclination angle in the vertical direction, and the fourth angle is the carrier of the second beam of the second base station apparatus used the inclination angle of the direction in the vertical direction.

[0013] 第三方面,提供了一种多载波通信的装置,该装置包括:确定单元,用于使多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备确定用于通信的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向,以使第一下倾角与第二下倾角相异,其中,该第一下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第二下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度;通信单元,用于使用该第一载波和该第二载波与该多载波通信系统中的至少一个用户设备进行通信;其中,该多载波通信系统还包括第二基站设备,该第二基站设备使用包括该第一载波和该第二载波在内的至少两个载波与该至少一个用户设备进行通信,该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或该第 [0013] In a third aspect, there is provided a multi-carrier communication apparatus, the apparatus comprising: determining means for causing the first base station apparatus in a multicarrier communication system first determines the at least two carriers in a communication carrier beam direction and / or the second carrier, so that the angle of inclination different from the first and the second lower tilt, wherein the angle of inclination of the first beam direction is the vertical direction of the first carrier of the first base station apparatus for use in inclination angle, the second angle is the beam direction of the second carrier base station apparatus using a first inclination angle in the vertical direction; a communication unit for using the first carrier and the second carrier of the multicarrier at least one user equipment in a communication system in communication; wherein the multicarrier communication system further includes a second base station apparatus, the second base station apparatus comprising the use of a first carrier and the second carrier with at least two carriers, including the at least one user equipment for communication, coverage and coverage of the first carrier a first carrier of the second base station apparatus used in the first base station apparatus using overlap, and / or the second 一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交叠。 Coverage of the second base station apparatus using a carrier and a second carrier coverage of the second base station apparatus using overlap.

[0014] 在一种可能的实施方式中,该确定单元具体用于根据该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置,确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 [0014] In one possible embodiment, the position determining unit according to at least one user equipment in the multicarrier communication system, determining the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction.

[0015] 结合第三方面和第一种可能的实施方式,在第二种可能的实施方式中,第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,该第三下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第四下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的该第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 [0015] In combination with the third aspect and the first possible embodiment, a second possible embodiment, the third angle and the fourth angle at different, wherein, at the third angle of inclination that the second base station beam direction using the first carrier device is an inclination angle in the vertical direction, and the fourth angle is the beam direction of the second carrier base station apparatus using the second inclination angle in the vertical direction.

[0016] 结合第三方面、第一种可能的实施方式和第二种可能的实施方式,在第三种可能的实施方式中,该通信单元还用于向该第二基站设备发送用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第三配置信息,以便于该第二基站设备根据该第三配置信息,确定该第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 [0016] reference to the third aspect, a first possible embodiment and a second possible embodiment, in a third possible embodiment, the communication unit is further configured to indicate a second base station apparatus transmits the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of a third configuration information of the first base station apparatus used in order to the second base station apparatus according to the third configuration information, determining that the second base station apparatus used in this the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction.

[0017] 结合第三方面、第一种可能的实施方式、第二种可能的实施方式和第三种可能的实施方式,在第四种可能的实施方式中,该通信单元还用于接收控制中心发送的用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息;该确定单元还用于根据该第一配置信息,确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 [0017] reference to the third aspect, the first possible embodiment, the second and third embodiments may be possible embodiment, in a fourth possible embodiment, the communication unit is further for receiving a control the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first center transmits information indicating the configuration of the device used by the first base station; the determining unit is further based on the first configuration information for determining the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction.

[0018] 结合第三方面、第一种可能的实施方式、第二种可能的实施方式、第三种可能的实施方式和第四种可能的实施方式,在第五种可能的实施方式中,该通信单元还用于向该控制中心发送用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息;接收该控制中心发送的用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,其中,该第一配置信息是该控制中心根据该第一用户位置信息确定的。 [0018] reference to the third aspect, the first possible embodiment, a second possible embodiment, a third possible embodiment and a fourth possible embodiment, in a fifth possible embodiment, the communication unit is further configured to a first user position information to the control center the position of at least one user equipment in the multicarrier communication system for instructing transmission; means for receiving an indication sent by the control center to the first base station apparatus using the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first configuration information, wherein the first configuration information to the control center is determined based on the position information of the first user.

[0019] 第四方面,提供了一种多载波通信的装置,该装置包括:确定单元,用于使多载波通信系统中的控制中心确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向,以使第一下倾角与第二下倾角相异,该第一下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第二下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度;发送单元,用于向该第一基站设备发送用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,以便于该第一基站设备根据该第一配置信息确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向;用于向该第二基站设备发送用于指示第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第 [0019] In a fourth aspect, there is provided a multi-carrier communication apparatus, the apparatus comprising: a determining unit, a control center for a multi-carrier communication system first determines the at least two base station apparatus using a first carrier in carrier beam direction and / or the second carrier and the first carrier and / or the beam direction of the second base station apparatus using a second carrier so that the angle of inclination different from the first and second lower tilt angle, the first lower is the angle of the beam direction of the first carrier of the first base station apparatus using an inclination angle in the vertical direction, the beam direction is a second angle at a second carrier of the first base station apparatus using an inclination angle in the vertical direction of the; transmitting means for transmitting to the first base station apparatus for indicating the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first configuration information used by the first base station apparatus to base station apparatus according to the first the first configuration information for determining the first carrier and / or beam direction of the second carrier; for the first carrier and / or the second device indicates that the second base station to the second base station apparatus used for transmission 二载波的波束方向的第二配置信息,以便于该第二基站设备根据该第二配置信息确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向;其中,该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交叠。 Second configuration information beam direction two carriers, to the second base station apparatus to the second configuration information for determining the first carrier and / or the beam direction according to the second carrier; wherein the first device uses the first base station coverage and coverage of the first carrier of the base station apparatus using a second carrier overlap, the second carrier and / or the coverage of the second base station apparatus and a second carrier used by the first base station apparatus used coverage overlap.

[0020] 在一种可能的实施方式中,该装置还包括:接收单元,用于接收该第一基站设备发送的用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息和/或该第二基站设备发送的用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第二用户位置信息;以及该确定单元还用于根据该第一用户位置信息和/或该第二位置信息,确定第一基站设备和第二基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向。 [0020] In one possible embodiment, the apparatus further comprising: a receiving unit configured to receive the first base station apparatus transmits the position of at least one user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system for indicating a first user location information and / or the second base station apparatus transmits at least one position for the user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system indicated by the second user position information; and further means for determining a first user based on the position information and / or the second position information, determining a first carrier and / or at least two carriers beam direction the first base station apparatus and the second base station apparatus used in the second carrier.

[0021] 结合第四方面和第一种可能的实施方式,在第二种可能的实施方式中,该确定单元具体用于确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向,以使第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,该第三下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第四下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的该第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 The first carrier [0021] in conjunction with a fourth aspect and a first possible embodiment, in a second possible embodiment, the determining unit for determining a first base station apparatus using at least two carriers and / beam direction or the second carrier and the first carrier and / or the beam direction of the second carrier of the second base station apparatus is used, so that the third and the fourth at different downtilt angle, wherein the third downtilt the beam direction is a second base station apparatus using a first carrier tilt angle in the vertical direction, the angle of inclination of the fourth beam direction is the second carrier base station apparatus using the second inclination angle in the vertical direction.

[0022] 第五方面,提供了一种多载波通信的设备,该设备包括:总线;与该总线相连的处理器;与该总线相连的存储器;与该总线相连的收发器;天线;其中,该处理器通过该总线,调用该存储器中存储的程序,以用于使多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备确定用于通信的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向,以使第一下倾角与第二下倾角相异,其中,该第一下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第二下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度;该收发器用于通过该天线使用该第一载波和该第二载波与该多载波通信系统中的至少一个用户设备进行通信;其中,该多载波通信系统还包括第二基站设备,该第二基站设备使用包括该第一载波和该第二载波在内的至少 [0022] In a fifth aspect, there is provided a multi-carrier communication apparatus, the apparatus comprising: a bus; a processor coupled to said bus; memory coupled to the bus; connected to the bus transceiver; an antenna; wherein, the processor via the bus, the calling program stored in the memory, so that the first base station apparatus for a multi-carrier communication system determines a first carrier for at least two carriers in a communication and / or the second carrier beam direction, so that the angle of inclination different from the first and second lower angle, wherein the angle of inclination of the first beam direction is the first carrier of the first base station apparatus using the tilt angle in the vertical direction, which second lower is the angle of the beam direction of the second carrier of the first base station apparatus using an inclination angle in a vertical direction; the transceiver through the antenna using the first carrier and the second carrier of the multicarrier communication system with at least one of a user equipment for communication; wherein the multicarrier communication system further includes a second base station apparatus, the second base station apparatus comprising the use of a first carrier and the second carrier including at least 个载波与该至少一个用户设备进行通信,该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交。 Carriers with at least one user equipment to communicate coverage of the first carrier of the coverage of the first carrier using the first base station apparatus and a base station apparatus using the second overlap, and / or the first base station device using coverage of the second carrier and a second carrier coverage of the second base station apparatus using a cross.

[0023] 在一种可能的实施方式中,该处理器具体用于根据该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置,确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 [0023] In one possible embodiment, the processor according to the specific position of the at least one user equipment in the multicarrier communication system, determining that the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction.

[0024] 结合第五方面和第一种可能的实施方式,在第二种可能的实施方式中,第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,该第三下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第四下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的该第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 [0024] A fifth aspect of binding and a first possible embodiment, in a second possible embodiment, the third and the fourth lower inclination different downtilt, wherein the third angle is at the second base station beam direction using the first carrier device is an inclination angle in the vertical direction, and the fourth angle is the beam direction of the second carrier base station apparatus using the second inclination angle in the vertical direction. [0025] 结合第五方面、第一种可能的实施方式和第二种可能的实施方式,在第三种可能的实施方式中,该处理器还用于控制该收发器还用于向该第二基站设备发送用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第三配置信息,以便于该第二基站设备根据该第三配置信息,确定该第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 [0025] reference to the fifth aspect, a first possible embodiment and a second possible embodiment, in a third possible embodiment, the processor is further for controlling the first transceiver is further configured to second base station for instructing the first device sends a carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of a third configuration information of the first base station apparatus used to facilitate the base station apparatus according to the second to the third configuration information, determining the the first carrier and / or the beam direction of the second carrier of the second base station apparatus used.

[0026] 结合第五方面、第一种可能的实施方式、第二种可能的实施方式和第三种可能的实施方式,在第四种可能的实施方式中,该收发器还用于接收控制中心发送的用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息;该处理器还用于根据该第一配置信息,确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 [0026] reference to the fifth aspect, the first possible embodiment, the second and third embodiments may be possible embodiment, in a fourth possible embodiment, the transceiver further for receiving the control the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first center transmits information indicating the configuration of the device used by the first base station; the processor is further based on the first configuration information for determining the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction.

[0027] 结合第五方面、第一种可能的实施方式、第二种可能的实施方式、第三种可能的实施方式和第四种可能的实施方式,在第五种可能的实施方式中,该处理器还用于控制该收发器向该控制中心发送用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息;该收发器还用于接收该控制中心发送的用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,其中,该第一配置信息是该控制中心根据该第一用户位置信息确定的。 [0027] reference to the fifth aspect, the first possible embodiment, a second possible embodiment, a third possible embodiment and a fourth possible embodiment, in a fifth possible embodiment, the processor is further configured to control the transceiver to transmit to the control center at least one position indicating that the user equipment in the multicarrier communication system for location information of a first user; the transceiver further receives the control center for transmission for indicating the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first configuration information using the first base station apparatus, wherein the first configuration information to the control center is determined based on the position information of a first user of.

[0028] 第六方面,提供了一种多载波通信的设备,该设备包括:总线;与该总线相连的处理器;与该总线相连的存储器;与该总线相连的收发器;其中,该处理器通过该总线,调用该存储器中存储的程序,以用于使多载波通信系统中的控制中心确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向,以使第一下倾角与第二下倾角相异,该第一下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第二下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度;该收发器用于向该第一基站设备发送用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,以便于该第一基站设备根据该第一配 [0028] a sixth aspect, there is provided a multi-carrier communication apparatus, the apparatus comprising: a bus; a processor coupled to said bus; memory coupled to the bus; connected to the bus transceiver; wherein the process via the bus, the calling program stored in the memory, to the control center for a multi-carrier communication system determines a first carrier and / or beam direction of at least two carriers in the first base station apparatus using a second carrier and the first carrier and / or the beam direction of the second base station apparatus using a second carrier so that the angle of inclination different from the first and second lower tilt angle, the first lower inclination are used by the first base station apparatus a carrier beam direction inclination angle in the vertical direction, the beam direction is a second angle at a second carrier of the first base station apparatus using an inclination angle in the vertical direction; and the first base station to a transceiver device for instructing the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first configuration information used by the first base station apparatus, so that the first base station apparatus according to the first ligand 信息确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向;该收发器还用于向该第二基站设备发送用于指示第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第二配置信息,以便于该第二基站设备根据该第二配置信息确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向;其中,该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交叠。 Carrier information for determining the first and / or the second carrier beam direction; the transceiver is further configured to transmit to the second base station apparatus for the first carrier and / or the second carrier indicates that the second base station apparatus for use second configuration information beam direction, so that the second base station apparatus of the second configuration information for determining the first carrier and / or the second carrier according to the beam direction; wherein, the first carrier of the first base station device using coverage and coverage of the first carrier to the second base station apparatus using overlapping coverage of the second carrier and / or range of the second base station apparatus and a second carrier used by the first base station apparatus for use overlap.

[0029] 在一种可能的实施方式中,该设备还包括:该收发器还用于接收该第一基站设备发送的用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息和/或该第二基站设备发送的用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第二用户位置信息;以及该处理器还用于根据该第一用户位置信息和/或该第二位置信息,确定第一基站设备和第二基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向。 [0029] In one possible embodiment, the apparatus further comprising: the first transceiver is further configured to position the at least one user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system, the first base station for instructing the receiving device transmits a user position information and / or the second base station apparatus for the position of at least one user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system transmitting a second indication of the location information of the user; and the processor is further configured according to the first user position information and / or the second position information, determining a first carrier and / or at least two carriers beam direction the first base station apparatus and the second base station apparatus used in the second carrier.

[0030] 结合第六方面和第一种可能的实施方式,在第二种可能的实施方式中,该处理器具体用于确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向,以使第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,该第三下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第四下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的该第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 The first carrier [0030] conjunction with the sixth aspect and the first possible embodiment, in a second possible embodiment, the processor is configured to determine a first base station apparatus using at least two carriers and / beam direction or the second carrier and the first carrier and / or the beam direction of the second carrier of the second base station apparatus is used, so that the third and the fourth at different downtilt angle, wherein the third downtilt the beam direction is a second base station apparatus using a first carrier tilt angle in the vertical direction, the angle of inclination of the fourth beam direction is the second carrier base station apparatus using the second inclination angle in the vertical direction.

[0031] 第七方面,提供了一种多载波通信的系统,该系统包括:使用至少两个载波与至少一个用户设备进行通信的第一基站设备,其中,第一下倾角小于第二下倾角,该第一下倾角是该至少两个载波中的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第二下倾角是该至少两个载波中的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度;使用包括该第一载波和该第二载波在内的至少两个载波与该至少一个用户设备进行通信的第二基站设备;其中,该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交叠。 [0031] a seventh aspect, there is provided a multi-carrier communication system, the system comprising: a first carrier using at least two base station apparatus in communication with the at least one user equipment, wherein the first angle is less than a second downtilt the first downtilt beam direction is at least two carriers in the first carrier inclination angle in the vertical direction, the beam direction is a second angle at the at least two carriers of the second carrier in the vertical direction the inclination angle; comprises using the first carrier and the second carrier including at least two carriers, at least one user equipment to the second base station apparatus in communication; wherein, the first carrier of the first base station apparatus used coverage and coverage of the first carrier of the second base station apparatus using the overlap, and / or the coverage of the second base station apparatus and a second carrier used by the first base station apparatus using a second carrier coverage cross fold.

[0032] 在一种可能的实施方式中,该第一下倾角和/或该第二下倾角是该第一基站设备根据该至少一个用户设备在该系统中的位置确定的。 [0032] In one possible embodiment, the first downtilt angle and / or the second lower tilt angle is determined by the first base station apparatus based on the location of the at least one user equipment in the system.

[0033] 结合第七方面和第一种可能的实施方式,在第二种可能的实施方式中,第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,该第三下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第四下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的该第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 [0033] The seventh aspect of the bound and the first possible embodiment, a second possible embodiment, the third and the fourth lower inclination different downtilt, wherein the third angle is at the second base station beam direction using the first carrier device is an inclination angle in the vertical direction, and the fourth angle is the beam direction of the second carrier base station apparatus using the second inclination angle in the vertical direction.

[0034] 结合第七方面、第一种可能的实施方式和第二种可能的实施方式,在第三种可能的实施方式中,该第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向是该第二基站设备根据该第一基站设备发送的用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第三配置信息确定的。 The first carrier and / or of the [0034] reference to the seventh aspect, a first possible embodiment and a second possible embodiment, in a third possible embodiment, the second base station apparatus for use two beam direction that the second carrier base station apparatus indicates that the first base station apparatus used in accordance with the first base station apparatus for transmitting the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction is determined by the third configuration information .

[0035] 结合第七方面、第一种可能的实施方式、第二种可能的实施方式和第三种可能的实施方式,在第四种可能的实施方式中,该系统还包括:控制中心,用于确定该第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及该第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向;用于向该第一基站设备发送用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,以便于该第一基站设备根据该第一配置信息,确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向;用于向该第二基站发送的用于指示该第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第二配置信息,以便于该第二基站设备根据该第二配置信息,确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 [0035] reference to the seventh aspect, the first possible embodiment, the second and third embodiments may be possible embodiment, in a fourth possible embodiment, the system further comprising: a control center, It means for determining a first carrier at least two carriers used by the first base station apparatus and / or beam direction of the second carrier and the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the second base station apparatus for use ; means for transmitting to the first base station apparatus for indicating the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first configuration information used by the first base station apparatus, so that the first base station apparatus according to the first a configuration information determining that the first carrier and / or beam direction of the second carrier; means for transmission for instructing the second base station to the second base station apparatus using the first carrier and / or the second carrier second configuration information beam direction, so that the second base station apparatus of the second configuration information, determining that the first carrier and / or the second carrier according to the beam direction.

[0036] 结合第七方面、第一种可能的实施方式、第二种可能的实施方式、第三种可能的实施方式和第四种可能的实施方式,在第五种可能的实施方式中,该控制中心还用于根据该第一基站设备发送的用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息和/或该第二基站设备发送的用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第二用户位置信息,确定该第一配置信息以及该第二配置信息。 [0036] reference to the seventh aspect, the first possible embodiment, a second possible embodiment, a third possible embodiment and a fourth possible embodiment, in a fifth possible embodiment, the control center is further configured to indicate the first base station apparatus for transmitting a first user position information of the at least one user equipment in the multicarrier communication system and / or the second base station for instructing the transmitting device a second user position information of the at least one user equipment in the multicarrier communication system, the first configuration information and the second configuration information determined.

[0037] 根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的方法、装置、设备和系统,通过为不同的载波设置相异的下倾角度,能够使基站设备使用的不同的载波具有不同的覆盖范围,从而,在多载波通信系统内,对于不同的载波,在各基站设备彼此之间的边缘交界区域相异,从而使得不同载波对不同区域提供差异化的覆盖,不同区域的用户根据差异性选择更适合自己的载波传输,提升整体性能。 [0037] The multicarrier communication method according to an embodiment of the present invention, apparatus, device and system provided by the different carriers at different tilt angles, it is possible to make the base station apparatus using different carriers having different coverage, thereby , in the multicarrier communication system, for different carriers, the edges of the boundary region between the base station apparatus different from each other, so that the different carriers to provide coverage to different areas of difference, more suitable for the user according to different regions of selected differences own carrier transmission, improve the overall performance.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0038] 为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例的技术方案,下面将对实施例或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图仅仅是本发明的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。 [0038] In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the accompanying drawings briefly described embodiments or the prior art needed to be used in describing the embodiments. Apparently, the drawings described below are merely present in Some embodiments of the invention, those of ordinary skill in the art is concerned, without creative efforts, can derive from these drawings other drawings.

[0039] 图1是根据本发明一实施例的多载波通信的方法的示意性流程图。 [0039] FIG. 1 is a schematic flow chart of a multicarrier communication method according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0040] 图2是表示根据现有技术设置两个载波的波束方向后各载波的覆盖范围的示意图。 [0040] FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram showing the coverage of each carrier beam direction after two carriers according to the prior art is provided.

[0041] 图3是表示本发明一实施例的多载波通信的方法设置两个载波的波束方向后各载波的覆盖范围的示意图。 [0041] FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram showing the coverage of each carrier beam direction after two carriers multicarrier communication method according to an embodiment of the present invention is provided.

[0042] 图4是表示本发明另一实施例的多载波通信的方法设置两个载波的波束方向后各载波的覆盖范围的示意图。 [0042] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram showing the coverage of each carrier beam direction after two carriers multicarrier communication method according to another embodiment of the present invention is provided.

[0043] 图5是表示本发明再一实施例的多载波通信的方法设置两个载波的波束方向后各载波的覆盖范围的示意图。 [0043] FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram showing the coverage of each carrier beam direction after two carriers a multicarrier communication method of still another embodiment of the present invention is provided.

[0044] 图6是根据本发明另一实施例的多载波通信的方法的示意性流程图。 [0044] FIG. 6 is a schematic flow chart of a multicarrier communication method according to another embodiment of the present invention.

[0045] 图7是根据本发明一实施例的多载波通信的装置的示意性框图。 [0045] FIG. 7 is a schematic block diagram of a multicarrier communication apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0046] 图8是根据本发明另一实施例的多载波通信的装置的示意性框图。 [0046] FIG. 8 is a schematic block diagram of a multicarrier communication apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention.

[0047] 图9是根据本发明一实施例的多载波通信的设备的示意性框图。 [0047] FIG. 9 is a schematic block diagram of a multicarrier communication apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0048] 图10是根据本发明另一实施例的多载波通信的设备的示意性框图。 [0048] FIG. 10 is a schematic block diagram of a multicarrier communication apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention.

[0049] 图11是根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的系统的示意性框图。 [0049] FIG. 11 is a schematic block diagram of a multicarrier communication system according to an embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0050] 下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。 [0050] below in conjunction with the present invention in the accompanying drawings, technical solutions of embodiments of the present invention are clearly and completely described, obviously, the described embodiments are part of the embodiments of the present invention rather than all embodiments . 基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。 Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments of ordinary skill in the art without any creative effort shall fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0051] 本发明的技术方案,可以应用于各种通信系统,例如:全球移动通讯系统(GSM,Global System of Mobile communication),码分多址(CDMA, Code Division MultipleAccess)系统,宽带码分多址(WCDMA, Wideband Code Division Multiple AccessWireless),通用分组无线业务(GPRS, General Packet Radio Service),长期演进(LTE,Long Term Evolution)等。 [0051] aspect of the present invention can be applied to various communication systems, for example: the Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM, Global System of Mobile communication), code division multiple access (CDMA, Code Division MultipleAccess) system, a Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA, Wideband Code Division Multiple AccessWireless), general packet radio service (GPRS, General packet radio service), long term evolution (LTE, long Term Evolution) and so on.

[0052] 用户设备(UE, User Equipment),也可称之为移动终端(Mobile Terminal)、移动用户设备等,可以经无线接入网(例如,RAN, Radio Access Network)与一个或多个核心网进行通信,用户设备可以是移动终端,如移动电话(或称为“蜂窝”电话)和具有移动终端的计算机,例如,可以是便携式、袖珍式、手持式、计算机内置的或者车载的移动装置,它们与无线接入网交换语言和/或数据。 [0052] User equipment (UE, User Equipment), also referred to as a mobile terminal (Mobile Terminal), a mobile user equipment, etc., may be associated with one or more core via a radio access network (e.g., RAN, Radio Access Network) communication network, the user equipment may be a mobile terminal such as a mobile phone (or "cellular" telephone) and a computer having a mobile terminal, for example, it may be a portable, pocket, handheld, computer-embedded mobile device or a vehicle , which exchange voice and / or data with radio access network.

[0053]基站设备,可以是 GSM 或CDMA 中的基站设备(BTS, Base Transceiver Station),也可以是WCDMA中的基站设备(NodeB),还可以是LTE中的演进型基站设备(eNB或e-NodeB, evolutional Node B),本发明并不限定,但为描述方便,下述实施例以Node B为例进行说明。 [0053] The base station apparatus may be a GSM or CDMA base station apparatus (BTS, Base Transceiver Station), may be a WCDMA base station apparatus (the NodeB), may also be an evolved LTE base station apparatus (eNB or e- NodeB, evolutional Node B), the present invention is not limited, but for ease of description, the following embodiments to Node B as an example.

[0054] 图1示出了从基站设备角度描述的根据本发明一实施例的多载波通信的方法100的示意性流程图,如图1所示,该方法100包括: [0054] FIG. 1 shows a schematic flow chart of a multicarrier communication method according to an embodiment of the present invention 100 will be described from the perspective of the base station apparatus, shown in Figure 1, the method 100 comprising:

[0055] S110,多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备确定用于通信的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向,以使第一下倾角与第二下倾角相异,该第一下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第二下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度; [0055] S110, a first carrier and / or beam direction of a multi-carrier communication system a first base station apparatus determines the at least two carriers for a communication in the second carrier, so that the inclination angle of the first and second lower different, the first beam direction is the angle of inclination of the first carrier of the first base station apparatus using the tilt angle in the vertical direction, which is the second downtilt beam direction of the second carrier of the first base station apparatus for use in the tilt angle in the vertical direction;

[0056] S120,使用该第一载波和该第二载波与该多载波通信系统中的至少一个用户设备进行通信; [0056] S120, using the first carrier and the second carrier with at least one user device of the multi-carrier communication system, a communication;

[0057] 其中,该多载波通信系统还包括第二基站设备,该第二基站设备使用包括该第一载波和该第二载波在内的至少两个载波与该至少一个用户设备进行通信,该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或 [0057] wherein the multicarrier communication system further includes a second base station apparatus, the second base station apparatus comprises at least two carriers using the at least one user equipment of the first carrier and the second carrier for communication, including the coverage and coverage of the first carrier a first carrier of the second base station apparatus used in the first base station apparatus using the overlap, and / or

[0058] 该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交叠。 [0058] The coverage of the second carrier used by the first base station apparatus and the coverage of the second carrier of the second base station apparatus using overlap.

[0059] 在本发明实施例中,基站设备可以使用至少两个载波进行通信,以下,为了便于说明,以基站设备使用两个载波(载波I和载波2)进行通信为例,对根据本发明一实施例的多载波通信的方法100进行说明。 [0059] In an embodiment of the present invention, the base station apparatus can communicate using at least two carriers, the following, for convenience of explanation, the base station apparatus using two carriers (carriers and carrier 2 I) in communication as an example, according to the present invention multicarrier communication method according to an embodiment 100 will be described.

[0060] 具体地说,在S110,可以设置基站设备A (第一基站设备的一例)使用的载波I (第一载波的一例)和/或载波2 (第二载波的一例)的波束方向,以调节载波I的下倾角(第一下倾角的一例)和/或载波2的下倾角(第二下倾角的一例)。 [0060] Specifically, in S110, the base station apparatus can set A (example of the first base station apparatus) using a carrier I (an example of a first carrier) and / or carrier 2 (an example of the second carrier) in the beam direction, to adjust the inclination of the I carrier (an example of first lower tilt angle) and / or carrier downtilt 2 (an example of second lower tilt angle).

[0061 ] 这里,需要说明的是,在本发明实施例中,下倾角是指载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,并且,该下倾角可以是机械形式的,也可以是数字形式的,数字形式的下倾角定义为垂直面上的最强能量方向与垂直线的夹角。 [0061] Here, it should be noted that, in the embodiment of the present invention, the tilt angle refers to a beam direction of carrier tilt angle in the vertical direction, and the lower angle of inclination may be mechanical form, or may be in digital form inclination definition digital form the strongest energy and the angle between a direction perpendicular to the plane of the vertical line. 例如,图3所示的Ci1为基站设备A使用的载波I的下倾角,β !为基站设备A使用的载波2的下倾角。 For example, the inclination angle I of the carrier shown in FIG. 3 Ci1 used by the base station apparatus A, beta]! A base station apparatus used as a carrier under the angle 2.

[0062] 应理解,本文中术语“和/或”,仅仅是一种描述关联对象的关联关系,表示可以存在三种关系,例如,A和/或B,可以表示:单独存在Α,同时存在A和B,单独存在B这三种情况。 [0062] It should be understood, herein, the term "and / or" merely describe a relationship of associated objects representing three relationships may exist, for example, A and / or B, and may be expressed: Α present separately, both A and B, B present three cases. 另外,本文中字符“/”,一般表示前后关联对象是一种“或”的关系。 Further, the character "/", represents the general context-objects is a "or" relationship. 以下,省略对相同或相似情况的说明。 Hereinafter, the description will be omitted for the same or similar circumstances.

[0063] 因此,在本发明实施例中,例如,在载波2的波束方向已预先设置的情况下,可以仅设置载波I的波束方向;在载波I的波束方向已预先设置的情况下,可以仅设置载波2的波束方向;也可以一并设置载波I与载波2的波束方向。 [0063] Accordingly, in the present invention, for example, in the case where the beam direction the carrier 2 has been set in advance, may be provided only carrier beam direction I; in the case of the beam direction of the carrier I has been set in advance, can be only setting the carrier 2 in the direction of the beam; I may be provided in conjunction with the carrier beam direction of the carrier 2.

[0064] 这里,需要说明的是,在本发明实施例中,在使用智能天线系统(AAS, AdaptiveAntenna System)收发载波的情况下,可以采用AAS中的设置方法来设置载波的波束方向。 [0064] Here, it should be noted that, in the embodiment of the present invention, in the case of using smart antenna system (AAS, AdaptiveAntenna System) transceiver carrier is provided in the AAS method may be employed to set the beam direction of the carrier. 在使用不同的天线来收发不同的载波的情况下,可以设置天线的机械角度或电调角度(垂直方向上的角度),以设置载波的波束方向(最强能量方向)。 In the case of using different antennas to transmit and receive different carriers, the antenna may be provided mechanical or electrical adjustment angle of the angle (the angle in the vertical direction), to set the carrier beam direction (the direction of strongest energy).

[0065] 并且,在本发明实施例中,可以由基站A自主设置载波I和/或载波2的波束方向(即,情况I ),也可以由多载波通信系统中的控制中心(例如,操作维护中心)确定系统内各基站(包括基站A)的载波I和/或载波2的波束方向,然后通知各基站进行配置(即,情况2)。 [0065] Further, in the embodiments of the invention may be autonomously provided by the base station A carrier I and the beam direction / or carrier 2 (i.e., the case I), may be a multicarrier communication system control center (e.g., operation maintenance Center) determining each base station in the system (including a base station a) I and a carrier beam direction / or carrier 2, and then notify the base station configuration (i.e., the case 2).

[0066]情况 I [0066] where I

[0067] 例如,如图3所示,可以设置基站设备A使用的载波I和/或载波2的波束方向而使载波I的下倾角Ci1 (第一下倾角)与载波2的下倾角P1 (第二下倾角)相异(例如,使载波I的下倾角α !小于载波2的下倾角β P,从而,使来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围小于来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围。另外,如图3所示,可以设置基站设备B使用的载波I和载波2的波束方向而使载波I的下倾角α 2 (第三下倾角)与载波2的下倾角β 2(第四下倾角)相同,从而,使来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围相同。例如,图3示出了来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围交叠的实施方式。并且,在本发明实施例中,可以采用与现有技术相同的方法使来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围交叠,从而 [0067] For example, as shown in FIG. 3, the base station apparatus A may be provided using the carrier beam direction I and / or carrier of the carrier 2 at the inclination angle I Ci1 (a first lower tilt angle) of the carrier 2 and the lower tilt angle P1 ( second lower tilt angle) different (e.g., lower angle of inclination of the carrier wave of I [alpha]! at less than the carrier angle β P 2, whereby the coverage of the carrier I from the base station apparatus a is less than the carrier from the base station apparatus a covering 2 range. Further, as shown in FIG. 3, the beam direction can be provided a base station apparatus B using the I carrier and the carrier of the carrier 2 at the inclination angle [alpha] 2 I (third lower inclination) angle of inclination β with the carrier 2 of 2 ( looked tilt angle) the same, whereby the carrier I B from the base station apparatus from the coverage of the carrier device B is the same as the base station coverage area 2. For example, FIG. 3 shows a carrier B from base station apparatus 2 and the coverage a base station apparatus from the coverage area of ​​overlap of the carrier 2 embodiment. Further, in the embodiment of the present invention, there may be employed a carrier B from base station apparatus in the same prior art method 2 and the coverage of the base station apparatus a from coverage overlap the carrier 2, whereby 载波2上实现对基站设备A与基站设备B之间的区域的连续覆盖。以下,省略对相同或相似情况的说明。 2 on a carrier to achieve continuous coverage of the area between the base station apparatus A and base station apparatus B Hereinafter, description of the same or similar circumstances will be omitted.

[0068] 如果将来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围的边界区域(或者说,交叠区域)记作区域a,将与来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围以外的区域记作区域b,则在区域a,由于来自基站设备A的载波I的干扰较小,因此来自基站设备B的载波I的信号质量优于来自基站设备B的载波2的信号质量,因此,用户设备可以选择载波I接入。 [0068] If the coverage area boundary of the base station apparatus A from the carrier coverage of the carrier 2 and the apparatus B from the base station 2 (or the overlap region) region referred to as a, with the carriers from the base station apparatus A I coverage of base station apparatus B from the carrier outside the coverage area referred to as the I region b, then in the region a, since less interference from the base station apparatus I carrier a, the apparatus B from the base station of the carrier I signal quality is better than the signal quality from base station apparatus B of carriers 2, therefore, the user equipment may select a carrier access I. 在区域b,来自基站设备A的载波2能够覆盖,因此,用户设备可以选择载波2接入。 In the region B, the base station apparatus A from the carrier 2 can be covered, and therefore, the user access device may select a carrier 2.

[0069] 应理解,以上列举的载波波束的设置方式仅为示例性说明,本发明并不限定于此,例如,也可以采用使来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围交叠的实施方式,从而在载波I上实现对基站设备A与基站设备B之间的区域的连 [0069] understood that the above listed carrier beam arrangement is merely illustrative, the present invention is not limited thereto, for example, may be used so that carriers from the base station apparatus B I of the coverage area of ​​the base station apparatus A from I carrier coverage overlap embodiment, in order to achieve even the region between the base station apparatus a and base station apparatus B on carrier I

续覆盖。 Continued coverage.

[0070] 可选地,在本发明实施例中,第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,该第三下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第四下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的该第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 [0070] Alternatively, in the embodiment of the present invention, the third angle and the fourth angle at different, wherein the third angle is the beam direction at the first carrier the second base station apparatus used in a vertical direction the inclination angle of the fourth lower beam direction angle is the second carrier base station apparatus using the second inclination angle in the vertical direction.

[0071] 具体地说,例如,如图4所示,可以设置基站设备A使用的载波I和/或载波2的波束方向而使载波I的下倾角α ' !(第一下倾角)与载波2的下倾角β ' !(第二下倾角)相异(例如,使载波I的下倾角α \小于载波2的下倾角β \),从而,使来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围小于来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围。 [0071] Specifically, for example, shown in Figure 4, the base station apparatus A may be provided using the carrier beam direction and I / 2 of the carrier or carriers of the angle I α '! (A first lower tilt angle) of the carrier 2 under the angle of inclination β '! (second lower tilt angle) different (e.g., angle [alpha] so that the carrier I is \ less than the carrier downtilt beta] 2 \), so that the coverage of the carrier I from the base station apparatus a is smaller than a base station apparatus from the coverage area of ​​the carrier 2.

[0072] 另外,如图4所示,可以设置基站设备B使用的载波I和载波2的波束方向而使载波I的下倾角α ' 2 (第三下倾角)与载波2的下倾角β ' 2 (第四下倾角)相异(例如,使载波I的下倾角α ' 2大于载波2的下倾角β ' 2),从而,使来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围大于来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围。 [0072] Further, as shown in FIG. 4, the beam direction can be provided a base station apparatus B using the I carrier and the carrier of the carrier 2 at the inclination angle [alpha] I '2 (third lower inclination) angle at the carrier beta] 2' 2 (fourth lower inclination) different (e.g., angle [alpha] so that the carrier I 'of the angle of inclination greater than the carrier beta] 2 2' 2), so that the coverage of the carrier I from the base station apparatus B from the base station apparatus is greater than B coverage of the carrier 2.

[0073] 例如,图4示出了来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围交叠的实施方式,从而在载波2上实现对基站设备A与基站设备B之间的区域的连续覆盖。 Embodiment [0073] For example, FIG. 4 shows a carrier B from base station apparatus 2 and the coverage of the carrier from the base station apparatus A 2 coverage overlap, enabling the base station apparatus and the base station apparatus A on carrier 2 continuous coverage area between B. 并且,图4示出了示出了来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围交叠的实施方式,从而在载波I上实现对基站设备A与基站设备B之间的区域的连续覆盖。 And, FIG. 4 shows a diagram illustrating an embodiment of Coverage for carrier I from the base station apparatus B and the carrier from the base station apparatus A I overlap, enabling the base station apparatus A and base station apparatus on a carrier I continuous coverage area between B.

[0074] 如果将来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围的边界区域(或者说,交叠区域)记作区域c,将与来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围的边界区域记作区域d,则区域c与区域d的位置相异。 [0074] If the boundary of the coverage area of ​​coverage of the carrier from the base station apparatus A I and I carrier from the base station device B (or the overlap regions) referred to as area C, with the carriers from the base station apparatus A coverage area boundary of the coverage of the carrier 2 from the base station apparatus B is referred to as region 2 d, the position of the region c and d dissimilar regions. 从而,在区域C,由于来自基站设备B的载波2的干扰能量较弱(远离基站B的载波2的辐射中心点),且来自基站设备A的载波2的有用信号能量较强(更靠近基站A的载波2的辐射中心点),因此来自基站设备A的载波2的信号质量优于载波I的信号质量,用户设备可以选择载波2接入。 Thus, in the range C, the base station apparatus B due to interference from the carrier 2 weak energy (radiation away from the center point of the base station B of the carrier 2), the carrier 2 and useful signal energy from the stronger base station apparatus A (closer to base station a radiation center point of the carrier 2), and therefore the base station apparatus a from the carrier signal is better than quality of the carrier 2 I signal quality, the user equipment may select a carrier 2 access. 同理,在区域d,载波I的信号质量优于载波2的信号质量,用户设备可以选择载波I接入。 Similarly, in the region d, the signal quality is better than the carrier I carrier signal quality, the user may select a carrier device 2 I access.

[0075] 再例如,如图5所示,可以设置基站设备A使用的载波I和/或载波2的波束方向而使载波I的下倾角α ' (第一下倾角)与载波2的下倾角β ' (第二下倾角)相异(例如,使载波I的下倾角α ” !小于载波2的下倾角β ” Λ从而,使来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围小于来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围。 [0075] For another example, shown in Figure 5, the base station apparatus A may be provided using the carrier beam direction and I / 2 of the carrier or carriers of the angle I α '(the first lower tilt angle) of the carrier 2 and the lower tilt angle β '(the second lower tilt angle) different (e.g., lower angle of the carrier wave I α "! less than the carrier of the angle β 2" Λ thereby, the coverage of carrier I from the base station apparatus a from the base station apparatus a is smaller than the coverage of the carrier 2.

[0076] 另外,如图5所示,可以设置基站设备B使用的载波I和载波2的波束方向而使载波I的下倾角α”2 (第三下倾角)与载波2的下倾角β”2 (第四下倾角)相异(例如,使载波I的下倾角a”zj、于载波2的下倾角β”2),从而,使来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围小于来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围。 [0076] Further, as shown in FIG. 5, the direction of the beam may be provided a base station apparatus B using the I carrier and the carrier of the carrier 2 at the inclination angle [alpha] I "2 (third lower inclination) angle at the carrier beta] 2 ' 2 (fourth lower inclination) different (e.g., so that the carrier I inclination a "zj, the carrier downtilt beta] 2" 2), so that the coverage of the carrier I from the base station apparatus B from the base station apparatus is less than coverage of the carrier 2 and B.

[0077] 例如,图5示出了来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围交叠的实施方式,从而在载波2上实现对基站设备A与基站设备B之间的区域的连续覆盖。 Embodiment [0077] For example, FIG. 5 shows a carrier B from base station apparatus 2 and the coverage of the carrier from the base station apparatus A 2 coverage overlap, enabling the base station apparatus and the base station apparatus A on carrier 2 continuous coverage area between B.

[0078] 如果将来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围以外的区域记作区域e,将与来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围的边界区域(或者说,交叠区域)记作区域f。 [0078] If the region referred to as the area e outside the coverage of the coverage of the carrier I from the base station apparatus A with a carrier I from the base station device B, the carrier from the base station apparatus A coverage 2 and from the base station apparatus coverage boundary area B of the carrier 2 (or, the overlap region) region referred to as f. 则在区域e,因为来自基站设备A或基站设备B的载波2的信号质量优于载波I的信号质量,用户设备可以选择载波2接入。 In the region E, since the carrier from the base station apparatus A or base station apparatus B 2 is better than the signal quality of the signal quality, the user equipment may select a carrier carriers I 2 access.

[0079] 可选地,该多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备确定用于通信的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向包括: [0079] Alternatively, the first carrier and / or beam direction of the multi-carrier communication system a first base station apparatus for determining at least two carriers in the second communication carrier comprising:

[0080] 多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备根据该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置,确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 [0080] multi-carrier communication system according to a first location of the base station apparatus at least one user equipment in the multicarrier communication system, determining that the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction.

[0081] 具体地说,例如,在采用如图5所示情况下,由于载波I的下倾角小于载波2的下倾角,因此,在载波I的覆盖范围内,载波I的信号强度优于载波2的信号强度,因此,同时处于载波I和载波2的覆盖范围内的用户设备,会选择载波I接入,从而,对于位于载波I的覆盖范围外的用户设备,能够使用的载波2的容量提高(即,载波I对载波2实现分流),从而能够进一步提高用户体验。 [0081] Specifically, for example, in the case of using 5, since the inclination of the carrier is less than the carrier downtilt I 2, therefore, within the coverage of carrier I, I is the signal strength of the carrier than the carrier 2 the signal strength is, therefore, while in the carrier I and the user equipment within the coverage of the carrier 2, I will choose the access carrier, whereby the carrier for I located outside the coverage of the user equipment, the capacity of the carrier 2 can be used increase (i.e., diversion of a carrier to achieve carrier I 2), thereby further improving the user experience. 因此,在本发明实施例中,可以确定系统内用户设备的分布位置,并且,可以根据系统内用户设备的分布位置,确定载波I和载波2的覆盖范围,例如,可以使载波I的覆盖用户设备较为集中的区域,使载波2的覆盖范围大于载波I的覆盖范围,由于载波I的信号强度优于载波2的信号强度,因此集中在载波I的覆盖区域内的用户设备会选择载波I接入,对于位于载波I的覆盖范围外的用户设备,能够使用的载波2的容量提闻,从而能够进一步提闻用户体验。 Thus, in the embodiment of the present invention, the distribution of the location of the user equipment within the system can be determined, and, according to the distribution of locations within the system user device, determine a carrier I and carrier coverage. 2, for example, the covering user carriers I, apparatus more concentrated area, the coverage of the carrier wave is greater than the carrier 2 I coverage, since the carrier signal strength of the carrier signal strength is better than I 2, and thus will focus the user equipment within the coverage area of ​​the carrier I I then select a carrier into, the carrier is located outside the coverage area for a user device I, the capacity of the carrier 2 can be used to provide news, it is possible to further enhance the user experience smell. [0082] 可选地,在本发明实施例中,该方法还包括: [0082] Alternatively, in the embodiment of the present invention, the method further comprising:

[0083] 向该第二基站设备发送用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第三配置信息,以便于该第二基站设备根据该第三配置信息,确定该第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 [0083] device transmits to the second base station for instructing the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of a third configuration information of the first base station apparatus used in order to the second base station apparatus according to the first three configuration information, determining that the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the second base station apparatus used.

[0084] 具体地说,在基站设备A完成对载波I和载波2的波束方向设置后,可以将用于指示其设置方式的信息(第三配置信息的一例)发送给基站设备B,从而,基站设备B可以获知基站设备A所设置的各载波的下倾角,从而,基站设备B可以根据该信息设置各载波的波束方向,例如,如果来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围小于来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围,则基站设备B可以是载波I的下倾角大于载波2的下倾角,以使来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围大于来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围。 [0084] Specifically, after completion of carrier I is provided and the beam direction of the carrier 2, the information may be provided in the embodiment (example of the third configuration information) to the base station apparatus B is used to indicate the base station apparatus A, whereby, the base station apparatus B can know the inclination of each carrier of the base station apparatus a is provided to the base station apparatus B according to the information provided the beam direction of each carrier, for example, if the coverage of the carrier I from the base station apparatus a is smaller than from the base station apparatus carrier coverage area a 2, the base station apparatus B may be downtilt carrier I is larger than inclination of the carrier 2, so that the coverage of the carrier I from the base station apparatus B is greater than the carrier from the base station apparatus a coverage 2.

[0085] 可选地,在本发明实施例中,该第三配置信息还用于指示所述第一下倾角和/或所述第二下倾角。 [0085] Alternatively, in the embodiment of the present invention, the third configuration information is also used and / or the second lower tilt angle indicating the angle of the first lower.

[0086] 具体地说,基站设备B可以根据基站设备A设置的载波I的波束方向来设置载波I的波束方向,以使来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围交叠,和/或基站设备B可以根据基站设备A设置的载波2的波束方向来设置载波2的波束方向,以使来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围交叠,从而在载波2上实现对基站设备A与基站设备B之间的区域的连续覆盖。 [0086] Specifically, base station apparatus B may be provided a carrier beam direction I, so that a carrier I from the base station device B coverage area of ​​the base station apparatus A from the carrier I according to the carrier beam direction I A base station apparatus provided overlapping coverage, and / or base station apparatus B may be set according to the carrier 2, a beam direction beam direction of the base station apparatus a carrier 2 is provided so that the carriers from the base station device B 2 and the coverage of the base station apparatus a from the 2 overlap the coverage of the carrier, in order to achieve continuous coverage of the area between the base station apparatus a and base station apparatus B on carrier 2.

[0087] 从而,既能够提高各载波的平均信号强度,又能够有效实现对基站设备A和基站设备B之间的区域的全面覆盖。 [0087] Thus, not only can improve the average signal strength of each carrier, and can be effective to achieve full coverage of the area between the base station apparatus A and base station apparatus B, respectively.

[0088]情况 2 [0088] Case 2

[0089] 可选地,在本发明实施例中,该多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备确定用于通信的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向包括: At least two first carrier and / or beam direction of the second carrier in the carrier [0089] Alternatively, in the embodiment of the present invention, the multi-carrier communication system determines a first base station apparatus for communication comprises:

[0090] 多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备接收控制中心发送的用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息; [0090] multi-carrier communication system, base station apparatus receives a first control center for indicating the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first configuration information used by the first base station device transmitted;

[0091] 根据该第一配置信息,确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 [0091] According to this first configuration information, determining that the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction.

[0092] 具体地说,例如,如图3所示,控制中心可以设置基站设备A使用的载波I和/或载波2的波束方向而使载波I的下倾角α !(第一下倾角)与载波2的下倾角β !(第二下倾角)相异(例如,使载波I的下倾角α !小于载波2的下倾角β P,从而,使来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围小于来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围。 [0092] Specifically, for example, shown in Figure 3, the control center may be provided using the base station apparatus A and the beam direction of the carrier I / 2 of the carrier or carriers at a tilt angle [alpha] I! (A first lower tilt angle) and a carrier downtilt β 2! (second lower tilt angle) different (e.g., angle [alpha] so that the carrier is I! less than the carrier under the angle β P 2, whereby the coverage of the carrier I from the base station apparatus a from less than a base station apparatus in the coverage area of ​​the carrier 2.

[0093] 另外,如图3所示,可以设置基站设备B使用的载波I和载波2的波束方向而使载波I的下倾角α2 (第三下倾角)与载波2的下倾角β2 (第四下倾角)相同,从而,使来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围相同。 [0093] Further, as shown in FIG. 3, the carrier may be provided and I carrier base station apparatus B using the beam direction of the carrier 2 at the inclination angle alpha] 2 I (third lower inclination) angle with the carrier 2 beta] 2 (IV downtilt) the same, whereby the carrier from the base station apparatus B I coverage of the carrier from the base station apparatus B 2 is the same coverage.

[0094] 例如,图3示出了来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围交叠的实施方式。 [0094] For example, FIG. 3 shows a carrier B from base station apparatus 2 and the coverage of the base station apparatus A from the carrier coverage of the overlap 2 embodiment. 并且,在本发明实施例中,可以采用与现有技术相同的方法使来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围交叠,从而在载波2上实现对基站设备A与基站设备B之间的区域的连续覆盖。 Further, in the embodiment of the present invention may be employed with the same prior art method B of the carrier wave from the base station apparatus 2 and the coverage of the carrier from the base station apparatus A 2 overlapping coverage, thereby to achieve on carrier 2 continuous coverage between the base station apparatus a and base station apparatus B. 以下,省略对相同或相似情况的说明。 Hereinafter, the description will be omitted for the same or similar circumstances.

[0095] 如果将来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围的边界区域(或者说,交叠区域)记作区域a,将与来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围以外的区域记作区域b,则在区域a,由于来自基站设备A的载波I的干扰较小,因此来自基站设备B的载波I的信号质量优于来自基站设备B的载波2的信号质量,因此,用户设备可以选择载波I接入。 [0095] If the coverage area boundary of the base station apparatus A from the carrier coverage of the carrier 2 and the apparatus B from the base station 2 (or the overlap region) region referred to as a, with the carriers from the base station apparatus A I coverage of base station apparatus B from the carrier outside the coverage area referred to as the I region b, then in the region a, since less interference from the base station apparatus I carrier a, the apparatus B from the base station of the carrier I signal quality is better than the signal quality from base station apparatus B of carriers 2, therefore, the user equipment may select a carrier access I. 在区域b,来自基站设备A的载波2能够覆盖,因此,用户设备可以选择载波2接入。 In the region B, the base station apparatus A from the carrier 2 can be covered, and therefore, the user access device may select a carrier 2.

[0096] 应理解,以上列举的载波波束的设置方式仅为示例性说明,本发明并不限定于此,例如,也可以采用使来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围交叠的实施方式,从而在载波I上实现对基站设备A与基站设备B之间的区域的连 [0096] understood that the above listed carrier beam arrangement is merely illustrative, the present invention is not limited thereto, for example, may be used so that carriers from the base station apparatus B I of the coverage area of ​​the base station apparatus A from I carrier coverage overlap embodiment, in order to achieve even the region between the base station apparatus a and base station apparatus B on carrier I

续覆盖。 Continued coverage.

[0097] 可选地,在本发明实施例中,第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,该第三下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第四下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的该第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 [0097] Alternatively, in the embodiment of the present invention, the third angle and the fourth angle at different, wherein the third angle is the beam direction at the first carrier the second base station apparatus used in a vertical direction the inclination angle of the fourth lower beam direction angle is the second carrier base station apparatus using the second inclination angle in the vertical direction.

[0098] 具体地说,例如,如图4所示,控制中心可以设置基站设备A使用的载波I和/或载波2的波束方向而使载波I的下倾角α ' !(第一下倾角)与载波2的下倾角β ' !(第二下倾角)相异(例如,使载波I的下倾角α ' !小于载波2的下倾角β ' P,从而,使来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围小于来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围。 [0098] Specifically, for example, shown in Figure 4, the control center may be provided using the base station apparatus A and the beam direction of the carrier I / 2 of the carrier or carriers of the angle I α '! (First downtilt) and the inclination angle β 2 of the carrier '! (second lower tilt angle) different (e.g., lower angle of inclination of the carrier wave of I [alpha]'! less than the carrier angle β 2 of the 'P, whereby the carrier I is from the base station apparatus a coverage coverage is smaller than the base station apparatus a from the carrier 2.

[0099] 另外,如图4所示,可以设置基站设备B使用的载波I和载波2的波束方向而使载波I的下倾角α ' 2 (第三下倾角)与载波2的下倾角β ' 2 (第四下倾角)相异(例如,使载波I的下倾角α ' 2大于载波2的下倾角β ' 2),从而,使来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围大于来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围。 [0099] Further, as shown in FIG. 4, the beam direction can be provided a base station apparatus B using the I carrier and the carrier of the carrier 2 at the inclination angle [alpha] I '2 (third lower inclination) angle at the carrier beta] 2' 2 (fourth lower inclination) different (e.g., angle [alpha] so that the carrier I 'of the angle of inclination greater than the carrier beta] 2 2' 2), so that the coverage of the carrier I from the base station apparatus B from the base station apparatus is greater than B coverage of the carrier 2.

[0100] 例如,图4示出了来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围交叠的实施方式,从而在载波2上实现对基站设备A与基站设备B之间的区域的连续覆盖。 Embodiment [0100] For example, FIG. 4 shows a carrier B from base station apparatus 2 and the coverage of the carrier from the base station apparatus A 2 coverage overlap, enabling the base station apparatus and the base station apparatus A on carrier 2 continuous coverage area between B. 并且,图4示出了示出了来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围交叠的实施方式,从而在载波I上实现对基站设备A与基站设备B之间的区域的连续覆盖。 And, FIG. 4 shows a diagram illustrating an embodiment of Coverage for carrier I from the base station apparatus B and the carrier from the base station apparatus A I overlap, enabling the base station apparatus A and base station apparatus on a carrier I continuous coverage area between B.

[0101] 如果将来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围的边界区域(或者说,交叠区域)记作区域c,将与来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围的边界区域记作区域d,则区域c与区域d的位置相异。 [0101] If the boundary of the coverage area of ​​coverage of the carrier from the base station apparatus A I and I carrier from the base station device B (or the overlap regions) referred to as area C, with the carriers from the base station apparatus A coverage area boundary of the coverage of the carrier 2 from the base station apparatus B is referred to as region 2 d, the position of the region c and d dissimilar regions. 从而,在区域C,由于来自基站设备B的载波2的干扰能量较弱(远离基站B的载波2的辐射中心点),且来自基站设备A的载波2的有用信号能量较强(更靠近基站A的载波2的辐射中心点),因此来自基站设备A的载波2的信号质量优于载波I的信号质量,用户设备可以选择载波2接入。 Thus, in the range C, the base station apparatus B due to interference from the carrier 2 weak energy (radiation away from the center point of the base station B of the carrier 2), the carrier 2 and useful signal energy from the stronger base station apparatus A (closer to base station a radiation center point of the carrier 2), and therefore the base station apparatus a from the carrier signal is better than quality of the carrier 2 I signal quality, the user equipment may select a carrier 2 access. 同理,在区域d,载波I的信号质量优于载波2的信号质量,用户设备可以选择载波I接入。 Similarly, in the region d, the signal quality is better than the carrier I carrier signal quality, the user may select a carrier device 2 I access.

[0102] 再例如,如图5所示,控制中心可以设置基站设备A使用的载波I和/或载波2的波束方向而使载波I的下倾角α ' (第一下倾角)与载波2的下倾角β ' (第二下倾角)相异(例如,使载波I的下倾角α "小于载波2的下倾角β \),从而,使来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围小于来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围。 [0102] For another example, shown in Figure 5, the control center may be provided using the base station apparatus A and the beam direction of the carrier I / 2 of the carrier or carriers at a tilt angle [alpha] I '(a ​​first lower tilt angle) of the carrier 2 the angle of inclination β '(the second lower tilt angle) different (e.g., the lower carrier tilt angle α I "less than the inclination angle β 2 of the carrier \), so that the coverage of the carrier I from the base station apparatus from the base station apparatus a is smaller than a coverage of the carrier 2.

[0103] 另外,如图5所示,可以设置基站设备B使用的载波I和载波2的波束方向而使载波I的下倾角α”2 (第三下倾角)与载波2的下倾角β”2 (第四下倾角)相异(例如,使载波I的下倾角a”zj、于载波2的下倾角β”2),从而,使来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围小于来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围。 [0103] Further, as shown in FIG. 5, the direction of the beam may be provided a base station apparatus B using the I carrier and the carrier of the carrier 2 at the inclination angle [alpha] I "2 (third lower inclination) angle at the carrier beta] 2 ' 2 (fourth lower inclination) different (e.g., so that the carrier I inclination a "zj, the carrier downtilt beta] 2" 2), so that the coverage of the carrier I from the base station apparatus B from the base station apparatus is less than coverage of the carrier 2 and B.

[0104] 例如,图5示出了来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围交叠的实施方式,从而在载波2上实现对基站设备A与基站设备B之间的区域的连续覆盖。 Embodiment [0104] For example, FIG. 5 shows a carrier B from base station apparatus 2 and the coverage of the carrier from the base station apparatus A 2 coverage overlap, enabling the base station apparatus and the base station apparatus A on carrier 2 continuous coverage area between B.

[0105] 如果将来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围以外的区域记作区域e,将与来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围的边界区域(或者说,交叠区域)记作区域f。 [0105] If the region referred to as the area e outside the coverage of the coverage of the carrier I from the base station apparatus A with a carrier I from the base station device B, the carrier from the base station apparatus A coverage 2 and from the base station apparatus coverage boundary area B of the carrier 2 (or, the overlap region) region referred to as f. 则在区域e,因为来自基站设备A或基站设备B的载波2的信号质量优于载波I的信号质量,用户设备可以选择载波2接入。 In the region E, since the carrier from the base station apparatus A or base station apparatus B 2 is better than the signal quality of the signal quality, the user equipment may select a carrier carriers I 2 access.

[0106] 可选地,在本发明实施例中,该多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备接收控制中心发送的用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息包括: [0106] Alternatively, in the embodiment of the present invention, the first base station for instructing the central control device receives a multicarrier communication system of the first base station apparatus transmitted using the first carrier and / or the second first configuration information carrier beam direction comprising:

[0107] 多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备向控制中心发送用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息; [0107] multi-carrier communication system a first base station apparatus transmits to the control center indicating that a first user position information of the at least one user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system;

[0108] 接收控制中心发送的用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,其中,该第一配置信息是该控制中心根据该第一用户位置信息确定的。 [0108] The first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first receiving configuration information indicating a control center sends the first base station apparatus for use, wherein the first configuration information is in accordance with the control center the position information of the first user.

[0109] 具体地说,·例如,在采用如图5所示情况下,由于载波I的下倾角小于载波2的下倾角,因此,在载波I的覆盖范围内,载波I的信号强度优于载波2的信号强度,因此,同时处于载波I和载波2的覆盖范围内的用户设备,会选择载波I接入,从而,对于位于载波I的覆盖范围外的用户设备,能够使用的载波2的容量提高(即,载波I对载波2实现分流),从而能够进一步提高用户体验。 [0109] Specifically, - e.g., in the case of using 5, since the inclination of the carrier is less than the carrier downtilt I 2, therefore, within the coverage of the I carrier, the carrier signal strength is better than I 2 the carrier signal strength, and therefore, while in the carrier I and the user equipment within the coverage of the carrier 2, I will choose the access carrier, whereby the carrier for I located outside the coverage of the user equipment, the carrier 2 can be used capacity is increased (i.e., diversion of a carrier to achieve carrier I 2), thereby further improving the user experience. 因此,在本发明实施例中,可以确定系统内用户设备的分布位置,并且,可以根据系统内用户设备的分布位置,确定载波I和载波2的覆盖范围,例如,可以使载波I的覆盖用户设备较为集中的区域,使载波2的覆盖范围大于载波I的覆盖范围,由于载波I的信号强度优于载波2的信号强度,因此集中在载波I的覆盖区域内的用户设备会选择载波I接入,对于位于载波I的覆盖范围外的用户设备,能够使用的载波2的容量提闻,从而能够进一步提闻用户体验。 Thus, in the embodiment of the present invention, the distribution of the location of the user equipment within the system can be determined, and, according to the distribution of locations within the system user device, determine a carrier I and carrier coverage. 2, for example, the covering user carriers I, apparatus more concentrated area, the coverage of the carrier wave is greater than the carrier 2 I coverage, since the carrier signal strength of the carrier signal strength is better than I 2, and thus will focus the user equipment within the coverage area of ​​the carrier I I then select a carrier into, the carrier is located outside the coverage area for a user device I, the capacity of the carrier 2 can be used to provide news, it is possible to further enhance the user experience smell.

[0110] 如上所述,控制中心可以在确定基站A使用的载波I和/或载波2的波束方向后,向基站A下发指示载波I和/或载波2的波束方向的信息(第一配置信息),从而基站A可以根据该信息,设置载波I和/或载波2的波束方向,例如,设置载波I的天下和/或载波2的天线的机械角度、电调角度等,以使载波I和/或载波2的波束方向与第一配置信息相对应。 [0110] As described above, the control center may determine the base station A using carrier I and / or carrier beam 2 in the direction, the message to indicate a carrier beam direction I and / or carrier 2 (a first configuration to a base station A information), so that the base station a may be based on the information, setting the carrier I and / or beam direction of the carrier 2, for example, setting the carrier I dominated and / or mechanical angles carrier antenna 2, the electrical angle adjustment and the like, so that the carrier I beam direction and / or carrier 2 and the information corresponding to the first configuration.

[0111] 应理解,以上列举了控制中心确定基站A使用的载波I和/或载波2的波束方向并向基站A下发指示载波I和/或载波2的波束方向的信息的实施例,同样,控制中心也可以使用同样的方法确定基站B使用的载波I和/或载波2的波束方向并向基站B下发指示载波I和/或载波2的波束方向的信息的实施例,这里,为了避免赘述,省略其说明。 [0111] understood that the above mentioned control center determines the base station A using carrier I and / or beam direction of the carrier 2 and indicating the carrier I and / or embodiments of the beam direction information carrier issued to a base station A 2, the same the control center can also use the same method used to determine the base station B and the beam direction of the carrier I / 2 and a carrier or carriers indicated in Example I and beam direction information and / or carriers issued the base station B 2, where, for to avoid redundancy, the description thereof will be omitted.

[0112] 基站A在如上所述设置了载波I和/或载波2的波束方向后,在S120可以通过该载波I和载波2与用户设备进行通信。 After [0112] A base station as described above is provided in the carrier beam direction I and / or carrier 2, at S120 may communicate via the I carrier and the carrier 2 and the user equipment.

[0113] 以上,列举了通过使来自基站A的载波I与来自基站B的载波I交叠,和/或使来自基站A的载波2与来自基站B的载波2交叠,从而实现对基站A与基站B之间的区域进行连续覆盖的实施例,但本发明并未限定于此,例如,还可以使来自基站A的载波I与来自基站B的载波2交叠,和/或使来自基站A的载波2与来自基站B的载波I交叠,从而实现对基站A与基站B之间的区域进行连续覆盖。 [0113] or more, exemplified by the carrier I from the base station A and base station B I carriers from overlapping, and / or from the base station A carrier 2 and the carrier 2 from base station B overlap, the base station A in order to achieve continuous coverage between the base station and the area B of example, but the present invention is not limited thereto, for example, I can also make the carrier from the carriers from the base station a and base station B 2 overlap, and / or from the base station a carrier 2 and the carrier I from base station B overlap, thereby achieving the region between base station a and base station B continuous coverage.

[0114] 根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的方法,通过为不同的载波设置相异的下倾角度,能够使基站设备使用的不同的载波具有不同的覆盖范围,从而,在多载波通信系统内,对于不同的载波,在各基站设备彼此之间的边缘交界区域相异,从而使得不同载波对不同区域提供差异化的覆盖,不同区域的用户根据差异性选择更适合自己的载波传输,提升整体性能。 [0114] The multicarrier communication method of an embodiment of the present invention, provided by different carriers at different tilt angles, it is possible to make the base station apparatus using different carriers having different coverage, so that, in a multi-carrier communication system within, for different carriers, the edge of the boundary region between the base station apparatus different from each other, so that the different carriers to provide coverage to different areas of difference, users in different areas of carrier is more suitable for transmission in accordance with their selected differences, improve overall performance.

[0115] 图6示出了从控制中心角度描述的根据本发明一实施例的多载波通信的方法200的示意性流程图,如图6所示,该方法200包括: [0115] FIG. 6 shows a schematic flow chart of a multicarrier communication method according to an embodiment of the present invention, the control center 200 from the perspective of description, as shown in FIG. 6, the method 200 comprising:

[0116] S210,多载波通信系统中的控制中心确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向,以使第一下倾角与第二下倾角相异,该第一下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第二下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度; [0116] S210, the first carrier and the first carrier and / or beam direction of a multi-carrier communication system the control center determines a first base station apparatus using at least two carriers and a second carrier base station apparatus used in a second / or the second carrier beam direction, so that the angle of inclination different from the first and second lower tilt angle, the first angle of inclination is lower carrier beam direction of the first base station apparatus using the first inclination angle in the vertical direction the second downtilt beam direction is a second carrier base station apparatus using the first inclination angle in the vertical direction;

[0117] S220,向该第一基站设备发送用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,以便于该第一基站设备根据该第一配置信息确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向; [0117] S220, the device transmits to the first base station for instructing the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first configuration information used by the first base station apparatus to base station apparatus according to the first the first configuration information for determining the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction;

[0118] S230,向该第二基站设备发送用于指示第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第二配置信息,以便于该第二基站设备根据该第二配置信息确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向; The first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the second configuration information [0118] S230, the device transmits to the second base station for instructing the second base station apparatus is used, so that the second base station apparatus according to this second configuration information for determining the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction;

[0119] 其中,该第·一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或 [0119] wherein the coverage of the first carrier a first carrier coverage of the base station apparatus using a first-and the second base station apparatus using the overlap, and / or

[0120] 该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交叠。 [0120] coverage of the second carrier used by the first base station apparatus and the coverage of the second carrier of the second base station apparatus using overlap.

[0121] 在本发明实施例中,基站设备可以使用至少两个载波进行通信,以下,为了便于说明,以基站设备使用两个载波(载波I和载波2)进行通信为例,对根据本发明一实施例的多载波通信的方法200进行说明。 [0121] In an embodiment of the present invention, the base station apparatus can communicate using at least two carriers, the following, for convenience of explanation, the base station apparatus using two carriers (carriers and carrier 2 I) in communication as an example, according to the present invention multicarrier communication method according to an embodiment 200 will be described.

[0122] 具体地说,在S210,控制中心可以设置基站设备A (第一基站设备的一例)使用的载波I (第一载波的一例)和/或载波2 (第二载波的一例)的波束方向,以调节载波I的下倾角(第一下倾角的一例)和/或载波2的下倾角(第二下倾角的一例)。 [0122] Specifically, in S210, the control center may be provided a carrier I (an example of a first carrier) and / or carrier 2 (an example of second carrier) base station apparatus A (example of the first base station apparatus) using the beam direction, to adjust the tilt angle of the I carrier (an example of first lower tilt angle) and / or carrier downtilt 2 (an example of second lower tilt angle).

[0123] 这里,需要说明的是,在本发明实施例中,下倾角是指载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,并且,该下倾角可以是机械形式的,也可以是数字形式的,数字形式的下倾角定义为垂直面上的最强能量方向。 [0123] Here, it should be noted that, in the embodiment of the present invention, the tilt angle refers to a beam direction of carrier tilt angle in the vertical direction, and the lower angle of inclination may be mechanical form, or may be in digital form , the tilt angle is defined as the strongest power in digital form a direction perpendicular to the plane. 例如,图2所示的Ci1为基站设备A使用的载波I的下倾角,β !为基站设备A使用的载波2的下倾角。 For example, the carrier Ci1 I shown in FIG. 2 is a base station apparatus A using the angle, beta]! A base station apparatus used as a carrier under the angle 2.

[0124] 应理解,本文中术语“和/或”,仅仅是一种描述关联对象的关联关系,表示可以存在三种关系,例如,A和/或B,可以表示:单独存在Α,同时存在A和B,单独存在B这三种情况。 [0124] It should be understood, herein, the term "and / or" merely describe a relationship of associated objects representing three relationships may exist, for example, A and / or B, and may be expressed: Α present separately, both A and B, B present three cases. 另外,本文中字符“/”,一般表示前后关联对象是一种“或”的关系。 Further, the character "/", represents the general context-objects is a "or" relationship. 以下,省略对相同或相似情况的说明。 Hereinafter, the description will be omitted for the same or similar circumstances.

[0125] 因此,在本发明实施例中,例如,在载波2的波束方向已预先设置的情况下,可以仅设置载波I的波束方向;在载波I的波束方向已预先设置的情况下,可以仅设置载波2的波束方向;也可以一并设置载波I与载波2的波束方向。 [0125] Accordingly, in the present invention, for example, in the case where the beam direction the carrier 2 has been set in advance, may be provided only carrier beam direction I; in the case of the beam direction of the carrier I has been set in advance, can be only setting the carrier 2 in the direction of the beam; I may be provided in conjunction with the carrier beam direction of the carrier 2.

[0126] 这里,需要说明的是,在本发明实施例中,在使用智能天线系统(AAS, AdaptiveAntenna System)收发载波的情况下,可以采用AAS中的设置方法来设置载波的波束方向。 [0126] Here, it should be noted that, in the embodiment of the present invention, in the case of using smart antenna system (AAS, AdaptiveAntenna System) transceiver carrier is provided in the AAS method may be employed to set the beam direction of the carrier. 在使用不同的天线来收发不同的载波的情况下,可以设置天线的机械角度或电调角度(垂直方向上的角度),以设置载波的波束方向(最强能量方向)。 In the case of using different antennas to transmit and receive different carriers, the antenna may be provided mechanical or electrical adjustment angle of the angle (the angle in the vertical direction), to set the carrier beam direction (the direction of strongest energy).

[0127] 在本发明实施例中,控制中心设置各基站所使用的载波的波束方向的方法相同,以下,为了便于说明,以控制中心设置基站设备A使用的载波I和/或载波2的波束方向为例,进行说明。 The same [0127] In the embodiment of the present invention, the control center is provided the beam direction for each base station used carrier method, the following, for convenience of explanation, the control center is provided a base station apparatus A using carrier I-beam and / or carrier 2 direction, for example, is described.

[0128] 具体地说,例如,如图3所示,控制中心可以设置基站设备A使用的载波I和/或载波2的波束方向而使载波I的下倾角α !(第一下倾角)与载波2的下倾角β !(第二下倾角)相异(例如,使载波I的下倾角α !小于载波2的下倾角β P,从而,使来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围小于来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围。 [0128] Specifically, for example, shown in Figure 3, the control center may be provided using the base station apparatus A and the beam direction of the carrier I / 2 of the carrier or carriers at a tilt angle [alpha] I! (A first lower tilt angle) and a carrier downtilt β 2! (second lower tilt angle) different (e.g., angle [alpha] so that the carrier is I! less than the carrier under the angle β P 2, whereby the coverage of the carrier I from the base station apparatus a from less than a base station apparatus in the coverage area of ​​the carrier 2.

[0129] 另外,如图3所示,可以设置基站设备B使用的载波I和载波2的波束方向而使载波I的下倾角α2 (第三下倾角)与载波2的下倾角β2 (第四下倾角)相同,从而,使来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围相同。 [0129] Further, as shown in FIG. 3, the carrier may be provided and I carrier base station apparatus B using the beam direction of the carrier 2 at the inclination angle alpha] 2 I (third lower inclination) angle with the carrier 2 beta] 2 (IV downtilt) the same, whereby the carrier from the base station apparatus B I coverage of the carrier from the base station apparatus B 2 is the same coverage.

[0130] 例如,图3示出了来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围交叠的实施方式。 [0130] For example, FIG. 3 shows a carrier B from base station apparatus 2 and the coverage of the base station apparatus A from the carrier coverage of the overlap 2 embodiment. 并且,在本发明实施例中,可以采用与现有技术相同的方法使来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围交叠,从而在载波2上实现对基站设备A与基站设备B之间的区域的连续覆盖。 Further, in the embodiment of the present invention may be employed with the same prior art method B of the carrier wave from the base station apparatus 2 and the coverage of the carrier from the base station apparatus A 2 overlapping coverage, thereby to achieve on carrier 2 continuous coverage between the base station apparatus a and base station apparatus B. 以下,省略对相同或相似情况的说明。 Hereinafter, the description will be omitted for the same or similar circumstances.

[0131] 如果将来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围的边界区域(或者说,交叠区域)记作区域a,将与来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围以外的区域记作区域b,则在区域a,由于来自基站设备A的载波I的干扰较小,因此来自基站设备B的载波I的信号质量优于来自基站设备B的载波2的信号质量,因此,用户设备可以选择载波I接入。 [0131] If the coverage area boundary of the base station apparatus A from the carrier coverage of the carrier 2 and the apparatus B from the base station 2 (or the overlap region) region referred to as a, with the carriers from the base station apparatus A I coverage of base station apparatus B from the carrier outside the coverage area referred to as the I region b, then in the region a, since less interference from the base station apparatus I carrier a, the apparatus B from the base station of the carrier I signal quality is better than the signal quality from base station apparatus B of carriers 2, therefore, the user equipment may select a carrier access I. 在区域b,来自基站设备A的载波2能够覆盖,因此,用户设备可以选择载波2接入。 In the region B, the base station apparatus A from the carrier 2 can be covered, and therefore, the user access device may select a carrier 2.

[0132] 应理解,以上列举的载波波束的设置方式仅为示例性说明,本发明并不限定于此,例如,也可以采用使来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围交叠的实施方式,从而在载波I上实现对基站设备A与基站设备B之间的区域的连 [0132] understood that the above listed carrier beam arrangement is merely illustrative, the present invention is not limited thereto, for example, may be used so that carriers from the base station apparatus B I of the coverage area of ​​the base station apparatus A from I carrier coverage overlap embodiment, in order to achieve even the region between the base station apparatus a and base station apparatus B on carrier I

续覆盖。 Continued coverage.

[0133] 可选地,在本发明实施例中,该多载波通信系统中的控制中心确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向包括: [0133] Alternatively, in the embodiment of the present invention, the multi-carrier communication system control center determines the at least two carriers, a first carrier base station apparatus used in the first and / or second carrier beam direction and the second the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction using the second base station apparatus comprises:

[0134]多载波通信系统中的控制中心确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向,以使第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,该第三下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第四下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的该第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 [0134] Multi-carrier communication system control center determines a first carrier and / or beam direction of at least two carriers in the first base station apparatus using a second carrier and a second base station apparatus using the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction, so that the third and the fourth different downtilt angle, wherein the third angle is the beam direction of the first carrier base station apparatus using the second inclination angle in the vertical direction, the fourth is the angle of the beam direction of the second carrier base station apparatus using the second inclination angle in the vertical direction.

[0135] 具体地说,例如,如图4所示,控制中心可以设置基站设备A使用的载波I和/或载波2的波束方向而使载波I的下倾角α ' !(第一下倾角)与载波2的下倾角β ' !(第二下倾角)相异(例如,使载波I的下倾角α ' !小于载波2的下倾角β ' P,从而,使来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围小于来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围。 [0135] Specifically, for example, shown in Figure 4, the control center may be provided using the base station apparatus A and the beam direction of the carrier I / 2 of the carrier or carriers of the angle I α '! (First downtilt) and the inclination angle β 2 of the carrier '! (second lower tilt angle) different (e.g., lower angle of inclination of the carrier wave of I [alpha]'! less than the carrier angle β 2 of the 'P, whereby the carrier I is from the base station apparatus a coverage coverage is smaller than the base station apparatus a from the carrier 2.

[0136] 另外,如图4所示,可以设置基站设备B使用的载波I和载波2的波束方向而使载波I的下倾角α ' 2 (第三下倾角)与载波2的下倾角β ' 2 (第四下倾角)相异(例如,使载波I的下倾角α ' 2大于载波2的下倾角β ' 2),从而,使来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围大于来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围。 [0136] Further, as shown in FIG. 4, the beam direction can be provided a base station apparatus B using the I carrier and the carrier of the carrier 2 at the inclination angle [alpha] I '2 (third lower inclination) angle at the carrier beta] 2' 2 (fourth lower inclination) different (e.g., angle [alpha] so that the carrier I 'of the angle of inclination greater than the carrier beta] 2 2' 2), so that the coverage of the carrier I from the base station apparatus B from the base station apparatus is greater than B coverage of the carrier 2.

[0137] 例如,图4示出了来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围交叠的实施方式,从而在载波2上实现对基站设备A与基站设备B之间的区域的连续覆盖。 Embodiment [0137] For example, FIG. 4 shows a carrier B from base station apparatus 2 and the coverage of the carrier from the base station apparatus A 2 coverage overlap, enabling the base station apparatus and the base station apparatus A on carrier 2 continuous coverage area between B. 并且,图4示出了示出了来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围交叠的实施方式,从而在载波I上实现对基站设备A与基站设备B之间的区域的连续覆盖。 And, FIG. 4 shows a diagram illustrating an embodiment of Coverage for carrier I from the base station apparatus B and the carrier from the base station apparatus A I overlap, enabling the base station apparatus A and base station apparatus on a carrier I continuous coverage area between B.

[0138] 如果将来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围的边界区域(或者说,交叠区域)记作区域c,将与来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围的边界区域记作区域d,则区域c与区域d的位置相异。 [0138] If the boundary of the coverage area of ​​coverage of the carrier from the base station apparatus A I and I carrier from the base station device B (or the overlap regions) referred to as area C, with the carriers from the base station apparatus A coverage area boundary of the coverage of the carrier 2 from the base station apparatus B is referred to as region 2 d, the position of the region c and d dissimilar regions. 从而,在区域C,由于来自基站设备B的载波2的干扰能量较弱(远离基站B的载波2的辐射中心点),且来自基站设备A的载波2的有用信号能量较强(更靠近基站A的载波2的辐射中心点),因此来自基站设备A的载波2的信号质量优于载波I的信号质量,用户设备可以选择载波2接入。 Thus, in the range C, the base station apparatus B due to interference from the carrier 2 weak energy (radiation away from the center point of the base station B of the carrier 2), the carrier 2 and useful signal energy from the stronger base station apparatus A (closer to base station a radiation center point of the carrier 2), and therefore the base station apparatus a from the carrier signal is better than quality of the carrier 2 I signal quality, the user equipment may select a carrier 2 access. 同理,在区域d,载波I的信号质量优于载波2的信号质量,用户设备可以选择载波I接入。 Similarly, in the region d, the signal quality is better than the carrier I carrier signal quality, the user may select a carrier device 2 I access.

[0139] 再例如,如图5所示,控制中心可以设置基站设备A使用的载波I和/或载波2的波束方向而使载波I的下倾角α ' (第一下倾角)与载波2的下倾角β ' (第二下倾角)相异(例如,使载波I的下倾角α "小于载波2的下倾角β \),从而,使来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围小于来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围。 [0139] For another example, shown in Figure 5, the control center may be provided using the base station apparatus A and the beam direction of the carrier I / 2 of the carrier or carriers at a tilt angle [alpha] I '(a ​​first lower tilt angle) of the carrier 2 the angle of inclination β '(the second lower tilt angle) different (e.g., the lower carrier tilt angle α I "less than the inclination angle β 2 of the carrier \), so that the coverage of the carrier I from the base station apparatus from the base station apparatus a is smaller than a coverage of the carrier 2.

[0140] 另外,如图5所示,可以设置基站设备B使用的载波I和载波2的波束方向而使载波I的下倾角α”2 (第三下倾角)与载波2的下倾角β”2 (第四下倾角)相异(例如,使载波I的下倾角a”zj、于载波2的下倾角β”2),从而,使来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围小于来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围。 [0140] Further, as shown in FIG. 5, the direction of the beam may be provided a base station apparatus B using the I carrier and the carrier of the carrier 2 at the inclination angle [alpha] I "2 (third lower inclination) angle at the carrier beta] 2 ' 2 (fourth lower inclination) different (e.g., so that the carrier I inclination a "zj, the carrier downtilt beta] 2" 2), so that the coverage of the carrier I from the base station apparatus B from the base station apparatus is less than coverage of the carrier 2 and B.

[0141] 例如,图5示出了来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围交叠的实施方式,从而在载波2上实现对基站设备A与基站设备B之间的区域的连续覆盖。 Embodiment [0141] For example, FIG. 5 shows a carrier B from base station apparatus 2 and the coverage of the carrier from the base station apparatus A 2 coverage overlap, enabling the base station apparatus and the base station apparatus A on carrier 2 continuous coverage area between B.

[0142] 如果将来自基站设备A的载波I的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波I的覆盖范围以外的区域记作区域e,将与来自基站设备A的载波2的覆盖范围与来自基站设备B的载波2的覆盖范围的边界区域(或者说,交叠区域)记作区域f,则在区域e,因此来自基站设备A或基站设备B的载波2的信号质量优于载波I的信号质量,用户设备可以选择载波2接入。 [0142] If the region referred to as the area e outside the coverage of the coverage of the carrier I from the base station apparatus A with a carrier I from the base station device B, the carrier from the base station apparatus A coverage 2 and from the base station apparatus carrier coverage boundary region B 2 (or the overlap region) denoted as F zone, at the region E, so the carrier from the base station apparatus a or base station apparatus B, the signal quality is better than the signal quality of the carrier 2 I of , the user equipment may select a carrier 2 access. [0143] 可选地,在本发明实施例中,该多载波通信系统中的控制中心确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向包括: [0143] Alternatively, in the embodiment of the present invention, the multi-carrier communication system control center determines the at least two carriers, a first carrier base station apparatus used in the first and / or second carrier beam direction and the second the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction using the second base station apparatus comprises:

[0144] 该多载波通信系统中的控制中心接收该第一基站设备发送的用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息和/或该第二基站设备发送的用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第二用户位置信息; [0144] The multi-carrier communication system the control center receives the first base station device transmits at least one position of the user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system for indicating a first user position information and / or the second base station transmission apparatus for indicating the position of at least one user equipment in the multicarrier communication system, a second user position information;

[0145] 根据该第一用户位置信息和/或该第二位置信息,确定第一基站设备和第二基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向。 [0145] According to the first user position information and / or the second position information, determining a first carrier and / or at least two carriers beam direction the first base station apparatus and the second base station apparatus used in the second carrier.

[0146] 具体地说,例如,在采用如图5所示情况下,由于载波I的下倾角小于载波2的下倾角,因此,在载波I的覆盖范围内,载波I的信号强度优于载波2的信号强度,因此,同时处于载波I和载波2的覆盖范围内的用户设备,会选择载波I接入,从而,对于位于载波I的覆盖范围外的用户设备,能够使用的载波2的容量提高(即,载波I对载波2实现分流),从而能够进一步提高用户体验。 [0146] Specifically, for example, in the case of using 5, since the inclination of the carrier is less than the carrier downtilt I 2, therefore, within the coverage of carrier I, I is the signal strength of the carrier than the carrier 2 the signal strength is, therefore, while in the carrier I and the user equipment within the coverage of the carrier 2, I will choose the access carrier, whereby the carrier for I located outside the coverage of the user equipment, the capacity of the carrier 2 can be used increase (i.e., diversion of a carrier to achieve carrier I 2), thereby further improving the user experience. 因此,在本发明实施例中,可以确定系统内用户设备的分布位置,并且,可以根据系统内用户设备的分布位置,确定载波I和载波2的覆盖范围,例如,可以使载波I的覆盖用户设备较为集中的区域,使载波2的覆盖范围大于载波I的覆盖范围,由于载波I的信号强度优于载波2的信号强度,因此集中在载波I的覆盖区域内的用户设备会选择载波I接入,对于位于载波I的覆盖范围外的用户设备,能够使用的载波2的容量提闻,从而能够进一步提闻用户体验。 Thus, in the embodiment of the present invention, the distribution of the location of the user equipment within the system can be determined, and, according to the distribution of locations within the system user device, determine a carrier I and carrier coverage. 2, for example, the covering user carriers I, apparatus more concentrated area, the coverage of the carrier wave is greater than the carrier 2 I coverage, since the carrier signal strength of the carrier signal strength is better than I 2, and thus will focus the user equipment within the coverage area of ​​the carrier I I then select a carrier into, the carrier is located outside the coverage area for a user device I, the capacity of the carrier 2 can be used to provide news, it is possible to further enhance the user experience smell.

[0147] 如上所述,控制中心可以在确定基站A使用的载波I和/或载波2的波束方向后,在S220,向基站A下发指示载波I和/或载波2的波束方向的信息(第一配置信息),从而基站A可以根据该信息,设置载波I和/或载波2的波束方向,例如,设置载波I的天下和/或载波2的天线的机械角度、电调角度等,以使载波I和/或载波2的波束方向与第一配置信息相对应。 [0147] As described above, the control center may, in S220, information indicating the carrier to send the base station and the beam direction I A / 2 or carriers in the base station A is determined using a carrier I and / or carrier beam direction after the 2 ( first configuration information), so that the base station a may be based on the information, setting the carrier I and / or beam direction of the carrier 2, for example, setting the carrier in the world I and / or mechanical angle of the antenna carrier 2, the electrical angle adjustment and the like, in order to I make the carrier and / or carrier beam 2 and the direction information corresponding to the first configuration.

[0148] 应理解,以上列举了控制中心确定基站A使用的载波I和/或载波2的波束方向并向基站A下发指示载波I和/或载波2的波束方向的信息的实施例,同样,在S210,控制中心也可以使用同样的方法确定基站B使用的载波I和/或载波2的波束方向,在S230,控制中心向基站B下发指示载波I和/或载波2的波束方向的信息的实施例,这里,为了避免赘述,省略其说明。 [0148] understood that the above mentioned control center determines the base station A using carrier I and / or beam direction of the carrier 2 and indicating the carrier I and / or embodiments of the beam direction information carrier issued to a base station A 2, the same in S210, the control center may use the same method to determine the base station B using a carrier I and the beam direction / or carrier 2, in S230, the control center, instructing the carrier I beam direction and / or carrier 2 to the base station B Example information, here, in order to avoid repeated description thereof is omitted.

[0149] 以上,列举了通过使来自基站A的载波I与来自基站B的载波I交叠,和/或使来自基站A的载波2与来自基站B的载波2交叠,从而实现对基站A与基站B之间的区域进行连续覆盖的实施例,但本发明并未限定于此,例如,还可以使来自基站A的载波I与来自基站B的载波2交叠,和/或使来自基站A的载波2与来自基站B的载波I交叠,从而实现对基站A与基站B之间的区域进行连续覆盖。 [0149] or more, exemplified by the carrier I from the base station A and base station B I carriers from overlapping, and / or from the base station A carrier 2 and the carrier 2 from base station B overlap, the base station A in order to achieve continuous coverage between the base station and the area B of example, but the present invention is not limited thereto, for example, I can also make the carrier from the carriers from the base station a and base station B 2 overlap, and / or from the base station a carrier 2 and the carrier I from base station B overlap, thereby achieving the region between base station a and base station B continuous coverage.

[0150] 根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的方法,通过为不同的载波设置相异的下倾角度,能够使基站设备使用的不同的载波具有不同的覆盖范围,从而,在多载波通信系统内,对于不同的载波,在各基站设备彼此之间的边缘交界区域相异,从而使得不同载波对不同区域提供差异化的覆盖,不同区域的用户根据差异性选择更适合自己的载波传输,提升整体性能。 [0150] The multicarrier communication method of an embodiment of the present invention, provided by different carriers at different tilt angles, it is possible to make the base station apparatus using different carriers having different coverage, so that, in a multi-carrier communication system within, for different carriers, the edge of the boundary region between the base station apparatus different from each other, so that the different carriers to provide coverage to different areas of difference, users in different areas of carrier is more suitable for transmission in accordance with their selected differences, improve overall performance.

[0151] 上文中,结合图1至图6,详细描述了根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的方法,下面,将结合图7至图8,详细描述根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的装置。 [0151] In the above, in conjunction with FIGS. 1 to FIG. 6, described in detail according to the multicarrier communication according to an embodiment of the present invention, the following, in conjunction with FIG. 7 to FIG. 8, a multi-carrier communication according to embodiments of the present invention in detail device.

[0152] 图7示出了根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的装置300的示意性框图。 [0152] FIG. 7 shows a schematic block diagram of a multi-carrier communication apparatus 300 of the embodiment of the present invention. 如图7所示,该装置300包括: As shown in FIG 7, the apparatus 300 comprises:

[0153] 确定单元310,用于使多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备确定用于通信的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向,以使第一下倾角与第二下倾角相异,其中,该第一下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第二下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度; [0153] determination unit 310, a first base station apparatus for the first carrier and / or a beam direction determining at least two carriers for communication of the second carrier in a multicarrier communication system, so that the first downtilt and a second downtilt different, wherein the first angle is lower carrier beam direction of the first base station apparatus using the first inclination angle in the vertical direction, the angle of inclination of the second base station apparatus is used in the first second carrier beam direction inclination angle in a vertical direction;

[0154] 通信单元320,用于使用该第一载波和该第二载波与该多载波通信系统中的至少一个用户设备进行通信; [0154] communication unit 320, using the first carrier and the second carrier with at least one user device of the multi-carrier communication system, a communication;

[0155] 其中,该多载波通信系统还包括第二基站设备,该第二基站设备使用包括该第一载波和该第二载波在内的至少两个载波与该至少一个用户设备进行通信,该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或 [0155] wherein the multicarrier communication system further includes a second base station apparatus, the second base station apparatus comprises at least two carriers using the at least one user equipment of the first carrier and the second carrier for communication, including the coverage and coverage of the first carrier a first carrier of the second base station apparatus used in the first base station apparatus using the overlap, and / or

[0156] 该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交叠。 [0156] coverage of the second carrier used by the first base station apparatus and the coverage of the second carrier of the second base station apparatus using overlap.

[0157] 可选地,该确定单元310具体用于根据该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置,确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 [0157] Alternatively, the determining unit 310 according to the specific position of the at least one user equipment in the multicarrier communication system, determining that the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction.

[0158] 可选地,第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,该第三下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第四下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的该第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 [0158] Alternatively, the third and the fourth angle different downtilt, wherein the third angle is the beam direction of the first carrier base station apparatus using the second inclination angle in the vertical direction, the second is the angle of inclination of the beam direction looked second carrier base station apparatus using the second inclination angle in the vertical direction.

[0159] 可选地,该通信单元320还用于向该第二基站设备发送用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第三配置信息,以便于该第二基站设备根据该第三配置信息,确定该第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 The third configuration information [0159] Alternatively, the communication unit 320 for further transmission to the second base station apparatus for indicating the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first base station apparatus used , so that the second base station apparatus according to the third configuration information, determining that the first carrier and / or the beam direction of the second carrier of the second base station apparatus used.

[0160] 可选地,该通信单元320还用于接收控制中心发送的用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息; [0160] Alternatively, the receiving communication unit 320 for further controlling the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first configuration information used by the first base station apparatus for indicating center transmission;

[0161] 该确定单元310还用于根据该第一配置信息,确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 [0161] The determination unit 310 is further used for the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first configuration information, determine.

[0162] 可选地,该通信单元320还用于向该控制中心发送用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息; [0162] Alternatively, the communication unit 320 is further configured to control a first user position information to the central position of the at least one user equipment in the multicarrier communication system is used to instruct the transmission;

[0163] 接收该控制中心发送的用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,其中,该第一配置信息是该控制中心根据该第一用户位置信息确定的。 [0163] The first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first receiving configuration information indicating that the control center sends the first base station apparatus for use, wherein the first configuration information for the control center determining a first position based on the user information.

[0164] 根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的装置300可对应于本发明实施例的方法中的基站设备(具体地说,是基站A),并且,该多载波通信的装置300中的各单元即模块和上述其他操作和/或功能分别为了实现图1中的方法100的相应流程,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。 [0164] The multicarrier communication apparatus 300 of the embodiment of the present invention may correspond to a base station apparatus (specifically, the base station A) in the embodiment of the method of the present invention, and the means 300 multicarrier communication in each unit or module and said other operations and / or functions are implemented to the respective flow of the method 100 of FIG. 1, for brevity, are not repeated herein.

[0165] 根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的装置,通过为不同的载波设置相异的下倾角度,能够使基站设备使用的不同的载波具有不同的覆盖范围,从而,在多载波通信系统内,对于不同的载波,在各基站设备彼此之间的边缘交界区域相异,从而使得不同载波对不同区域提供差异化的覆盖,不同区域的用户根据差异性选择更适合自己的载波传输,提升整体性能。 [0165] multicarrier communication apparatus of an embodiment according to the present invention, provided by different carriers at different tilt angles, it is possible to make the base station apparatus using different carriers having different coverage, so that, in a multi-carrier communication system within, for different carriers, the edge of the boundary region between the base station apparatus different from each other, so that the different carriers to provide coverage to different areas of difference, users in different areas of carrier is more suitable for transmission in accordance with their selected differences, improve overall performance.

[0166] 图8示出了根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的装置400的示意性框图。 [0166] FIG. 8 shows a schematic block diagram of a multi-carrier communication device 400 in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. 如图8所示,该装置400包括: 8, the apparatus 400 comprises:

[0167] 确定单元410,用于使多载波通信系统中的控制中心确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向,以使第一下倾角与第二下倾角相异,该第一下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第二下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度; [0167] determination unit 410, a control center for a multi-carrier communication system determines a first carrier and / or beam direction of at least two carriers in the first base station apparatus using a second carrier and a second base station apparatus for use the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction, so that the angle of inclination different from the first and second lower tilt angle, the first angle is the beam direction of the first carrier of the first base station apparatus used in a vertical the inclination angle of the direction, the second angle is the beam direction of the second carrier base station apparatus using a first inclination angle in the vertical direction;

[0168] 发送单元420,用于向该第一基站设备发送用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,以便于该第一基站设备根据该第一配置信息确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向; [0168] transmitting unit 420 for transmitting to the first base station apparatus for indicating the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first configuration information used by the first base station apparatus, so that the first a base station apparatus of the first carrier and / or the configuration information to the first beam direction is determined according to a second carrier;

[0169] 用于向该第二基站设备发送用于指示第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第二配置信息,以便于该第二基站设备根据该第二配置信息确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向; [0169] for transmitting to the second base station apparatus for the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the second configuration information indicates that the second base station apparatus is used, so that the second base station apparatus according to this second configuration information for determining the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction;

[0170] 其中,该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或 [0170] wherein the coverage of the coverage of the first carrier a first carrier using the first base station apparatus and a base station apparatus using the second overlap, and / or

[0171] 该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交叠。 [0171] coverage of the second carrier used by the first base station apparatus and the coverage of the second carrier of the second base station apparatus using overlap.

[0172] 可选地,该装置还包括: [0172] Optionally, the apparatus further comprising:

[0173] 接收单元430,用于接收该第一基站设备发送的用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息和/或该第二基站设备发送的用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第二用户位置信息;以及 [0173] The receiving unit 430 for receiving the first base station apparatus transmits the position of at least one user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system for indicating a first user position information and / or the second base station apparatus transmitted a second user location information indicating the location of the at least one user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system; and

[0174] 该确定单元410还用于根据该第一用户位置信息和/或该第二位置信息,确定第一基站设备和第二基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向。 [0174] The determination unit 410 is further configured according to the first user position information and / or the second position information, determining at least two carriers of the first carrier a first base station apparatus and base station apparatus used in the second and / or second carrier beam direction.

[0175] 可选地,该确定单元410具体用于确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向,以使第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,该第三下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第四下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的该第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 [0175] Alternatively, the determination unit 410 for determining a specific first carrier at least two carriers in the first base station apparatus using the first carrier and / or beam direction of the second carrier and a second base station apparatus for use and / or the second carrier beam direction, so that the third and the fourth angle at different downtilt, wherein the third angle is the direction of the first beam in the vertical direction of the second carrier base station apparatus for use in the inclination angle and the fourth angle at which the beam direction is a second carrier base station apparatus using the second inclination angle in the vertical direction.

[0176] 根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的装置400可对应于本发明实施例的方法中的控制中心,并且,该多载波通信的装置400中的各单元即模块和上述其他操作和/或功能分别为了实现图6中的方法200的相应流程,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。 [0176] The apparatus for multiple carrier communication embodiment of the present invention 400 may correspond to the control center method of an embodiment of the present invention, and each unit or module 400 means that the multi-carrier communication and said other operations and / in order to realize the respective functions, respectively, or flow of the method 200 in FIG. 6, for brevity, are not repeated herein.

[0177] 根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的装置,通过为不同的载波设置相异的下倾角度,能够使基站设备使用的不同的载波具有不同的覆盖范围,从而,在多载波通信系统内,对于不同的载波,在各基站设备彼此之间的边缘交界区域相异,从而使得不同载波对不同区域提供差异化的覆盖,不同区域的用户根据差异性选择更适合自己的载波传输,提升整体性能。 [0177] multicarrier communication apparatus of an embodiment according to the present invention, provided by different carriers at different tilt angles, it is possible to make the base station apparatus using different carriers having different coverage, so that, in a multi-carrier communication system within, for different carriers, the edge of the boundary region between the base station apparatus different from each other, so that the different carriers to provide coverage to different areas of difference, users in different areas of carrier is more suitable for transmission in accordance with their selected differences, improve overall performance.

[0178] 上文中,结合图1至图6,详细描述了根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的方法,下面,将结合图9至图10,详细描述根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的设备。 [0178] In the above, in conjunction with FIGS. 1 to FIG. 6, described in detail according to the multicarrier communication according to an embodiment of the present invention, the following, in conjunction with FIGS. 9 to 10 described multicarrier communication according to embodiments of the present invention in detail equipment.

[0179] 图9示出了根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的设备500的示意性框图。 [0179] FIG. 9 shows a schematic block diagram of a multi-carrier communication device 500 in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. 如图9所示,该设备500包括: 9, the apparatus 500 comprises:

[0180]总线 510; [0180] Bus 510;

[0181] 与该总线相连的处理器520 ; [0181] processor 520 coupled to the bus;

[0182] 与该总线相连的存储器530 ; [0182] The memory 530 connected to the bus;

[0183] 与该总线相连的收发器540 ; [0183] connected to the bus transceiver 540;

[0184]天线 550 ; [0184] Antenna 550;

[0185] 其中,该处理器520通过该总线510,调用该存储器530中存储的程序,以用于使多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备确定用于通信的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向,以使第一下倾角与第二下倾角相异,其中,该第一下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第二下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度; [0185] wherein, the processor 520 via the bus 510, the calling program stored in memory 530, for the first base station apparatus in a multicarrier communication system determines at least two carriers for a first communication in carrier beam direction and / or the second carrier, so that the angle of inclination different from the first and the second lower tilt, wherein the angle of inclination of the first beam direction is the vertical direction of the first carrier of the first base station apparatus for use in inclination angle, the second angle is the beam direction of the second carrier base station apparatus using a first inclination angle in the vertical direction;

[0186] 该收发器540用于通过该天线550使用该第一载波和该第二载波与该多载波通信系统中的至少一个用户设备进行通信; [0186] The transceiver 540 using the first carrier and the second carrier with at least one user device of the multi-carrier communication system, a communication via the antenna 550;

[0187] 其中,该多载波通信系统还包括第二基站设备,该第二基站设备使用包括该第一载波和该第二载波在内的至少两个载波与该至少一个用户设备进行通信,该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或 [0187] wherein the multicarrier communication system further includes a second base station apparatus, the second base station apparatus comprises at least two carriers using the at least one user equipment of the first carrier and the second carrier for communication, including the coverage and coverage of the first carrier a first carrier of the second base station apparatus used in the first base station apparatus using the overlap, and / or

[0188] 该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交。 [0188] coverage of the second carrier used by the first base station apparatus and the coverage of the second carrier of the second base station apparatus using a cross.

[0189] 可选地,该处理器520具体用于根据该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置,确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 [0189] Alternatively, the processor 520 according to the specific position of the at least one user equipment in the multicarrier communication system, determining that the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction.

[0190] 可选地,第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,该第三下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第四下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的该第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 [0190] Alternatively, the third and the fourth angle different downtilt, wherein the third angle is the beam direction of the first carrier base station apparatus using the second inclination angle in the vertical direction, the second is the angle of inclination of the beam direction looked second carrier base station apparatus using the second inclination angle in the vertical direction.

[0191] 可选地,该处理器520还用于控制该收发器540还用于向该第二基站设备发送用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第三配置信息,以便于该第二基站设备根据该第三配置信息,确定该第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 [0191] Alternatively, the processor 520 is further configured to control the transceiver 540 to the second base station apparatus is further configured for instructing the first carrier and / or the second carrier used by the first base station apparatus the third configuration of the beam direction, so that the second base station apparatus in the third configuration information, determining that the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the second base station apparatus used in accordance with.

[0192] 可选地,该收发器540还用于接收控制中心发送的用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息; [0192] Alternatively, the transceiver 540 is further configured to receive a control of the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first configuration information used by the first base station apparatus for indicating center transmission;

[0193] 该处理器520还用于根据该第一配置信息,确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 [0193] The processor 520 is further configured to the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first configuration information, determine.

[0194] 可选地,该处理器520还用于控制该收发器540向该控制中心发送用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息; [0194] Alternatively, the processor 520 is further configured to control the transceiver 540 to the control center of the first user position information of the at least one user equipment in the multicarrier communication system transmits an indication;

[0195] 该收发器540还用于接收该控制中心发送的用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,其中,该第一配置信息是该控制中心根据该第一用户位置信息确定的。 [0195] The transceiver 540 is further configured to receive the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first configuration information used by the first base station apparatus for indicating transmission of the control center, wherein the first a configuration information control center determines that the first user based on the location information.

[0196] 处理单元520控制设备500的操作,处理单元520还可以称为CPU。 The operation of the device 500 [0196] control processing unit 520, processing unit 520 may also be referred to as a CPU. 存储器530可以包括只读存储器和随机存取存储器,并向处理单元520提供指令和数据。 The memory 530 may include read only memory and a random access memory 520 provides instructions and data to the processing unit. 存储器530的一部分还可以包括非易失行随机存取存储器(NVRAM)。 Portion of the memory 530 may also include non-volatile random access memory row (NVRAM). 具体的应用中,设备500可以嵌入或者本身可以就是例如基站设备,还可以包括容纳发射电路541和接收电路542的收发器540,以允许设备500和远程位置之间进行数据发射和接收。 A specific application, or may be embedded in the device 500 is a base station apparatus itself can be, for example, may also include transmit circuitry 541 and receive circuitry 542 receives the transceiver 540, to allow data between the device 500 and a remote location transmission and reception. 发射电路541和接收电路542可以耦合到天线550。 Transmit circuitry 541 and receive circuitry 542 may be coupled to an antenna 550. 设备500的各个组件通过总线510耦合在一起,其中,总线510除包括数据总线之外,还包括电源总线、控制总线和状态信号总线。 Various components of device 500 are coupled together by a bus 510, where bus 510 in addition to a data bus, but also include a power bus, control bus, and a status signal bus. 但是为了清楚明起见,在图中将各种总线都标为总线510。 For clarity's sake but out in FIG various buses are marked as bus 510. 设备500还可以包括用于处理信号的处理单元、此外还包括功率控制器、解码处理器。 Apparatus 500 may further include a processing unit for processing a signal and further comprising a power controller, a decoding processor. 具体的不同产品中解码器可能与处理单元集成为一体。 Specific products from decoder may be integrated into one processing unit.

[0197] 处理器可以实现或者执行本发明方法实施例中的公开的各步骤及逻辑框图。 [0197] A processor may implement or execute the steps of the method of the present invention and a logic block diagram of the embodiment of the disclosed embodiments. 通用处理器可以是微处理器或者该处理器也可以是任何常规的处理器,解码器等。 A general purpose processor may be a microprocessor or the processor may be any conventional processor, a decoder and the like. 结合本发明实施例所公开的方法的步骤可以直接体现为硬件处理器执行完成,或者用解码处理器中的硬件及软件模块组合执行完成。 The steps of the method according to the present invention, the disclosed embodiments may be embodied directly in hardware processor execution is completed, the decoding processor, or a combination of hardware and software module executed is completed. 软件模块可以位于随机存储器,闪存、只读存储器,可编程只读存储器或者电可擦写可编程存储器、寄存器等本领域成熟的存储介质中。 Software module may reside in random access memory, flash memory, read only memory, programmable read-only memory or an electrically erasable programmable memory storage medium mature, register or the like in the art. 该存储介质位于存储器,解码单元或者处理单元读取存储器中的信息,结合其硬件完成上述方法的步骤。 The storage medium is located in the memory, or the step information decoding unit in the memory cell read, in connection with the above method for processing hardware.

[0198] 该处理器可以是中央处理单元(Central Processing Unit,简称为“CPU”),该处理器还可以是其他通用处理器、数字信号处理器(DSP)、专用集成电路(ASIC)、现成可编程门阵列(FPGA)或者其他可编程逻辑器件、分立门或者晶体管逻辑器件、分立硬件组件等。 [0198] The processor may be a central processing unit (Central Processing Unit, abbreviated as "CPU"), the processor may also be other general purpose processor, a digital signal processor (DSP), application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), ready-made programmable gate array (FPGA) or other programmable logic device, discrete gate or transistor logic, discrete hardware components like. 通用处理器可以是微处理器或者该处理器也可以是任何常规的处理器等。 A general purpose processor may be a microprocessor or the processor may be any conventional processor or the like.

[0199] 该存储器可以包括只读存储器和随机存取存储器,并向处理器提供指令和数据。 [0199] The memory may include read only memory and random access memory, provides instructions and data to the processor. 存储器的一部分还可以包括非易失性随机存取存储器。 Portion of the memory may also include non-volatile random access memory. 例如,存储器还可以存储设备类型的信息。 For example, the memory may also store the type of device.

[0200] 该总线系统除包括数据总线之外,还可以包括电源总线、控制总线和状态信号总线等。 [0200] The system bus comprises a data bus in addition to addition, may include a power bus, a control bus, and a status signal bus, and the like. 但是为了清楚说明起见,在图中将各种总线都标为总线系统。 However, for clarity, the various buses are labeled in FIG bus system.

[0201] 在实现过程中,上述方法的各步骤可以通过处理器中的硬件的集成逻辑电路或者软件形式的指令完成。 [0201] In the implementation process, the steps of the method described above can be accomplished by the processor hardware integrated logic circuitry, or the form of software instructions. 结合本发明实施例所公开的方法的步骤可以直接体现为硬件处理器执行完成,或者用处理器中的硬件及软件模块组合执行完成。 The steps of the method according to the present invention, the disclosed embodiments may be embodied directly in hardware processor execution completes, or by a combination of processor hardware and software module executed is completed. 软件模块可以位于随机存储器,闪存、只读存储器,可编程只读存储器或者电可擦写可编程存储器、寄存器等本领域成熟的存储介质中。 Software module may reside in random access memory, flash memory, read only memory, programmable read-only memory or an electrically erasable programmable memory storage medium mature, register or the like in the art. 该存储介质位于存储器,处理器读取存储器中的信息,结合其硬件完成上述方法的步骤。 The storage medium is located in the memory, the information processor reads the memory, which in conjunction with the hardware to complete the steps of the method described above. 为避免重复,这里不再详细描述。 To avoid repetition, not described in detail herein.

[0202] 根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的设备500可对应于本发明实施例的方法中的基站设备(具体地说,是基站A),并且,该多载波通信的设备500中的各单元即模块和上述其他操作和/或功能分别为了实现图1中的方法100的相应流程,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。 [0202] The multicarrier communication apparatus of an embodiment of the present invention may correspond to the base station apparatus 500 (specifically, the base station A) in the embodiment of the method of the present invention, and the multi-carrier communication device 500 each unit or module and said other operations and / or functions are implemented to the respective flow of the method 100 of FIG. 1, for brevity, are not repeated herein.

[0203] 根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的设备,通过为不同的载波设置相异的下倾角度,能够使基站设备使用的不同的载波具有不同的覆盖范围,从而,在多载波通信系统内,对于不同的载波,在各基站设备彼此之间的边缘交界区域相异,从而使得不同载波对不同区域提供差异化的覆盖,不同区域的用户根据差异性选择更适合自己的载波传输,提升整体性能。 [0203] Multi-carrier communication apparatus in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, provided by different carriers at different tilt angles, it is possible to make the base station apparatus using different carriers having different coverage, so that, in a multi-carrier communication system within, for different carriers, the edge of the boundary region between the base station apparatus different from each other, so that the different carriers to provide coverage to different areas of difference, users in different areas of carrier is more suitable for transmission in accordance with their selected differences, improve overall performance.

[0204] 图10示出了根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的设备600的示意性框图。 [0204] FIG. 10 shows a schematic block diagram of a multi-carrier communication device 600 in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. 如图6所示,该设备600包括: 6, the apparatus 600 comprises:

[0205]总线 610 ; [0205] Bus 610;

[0206] 与该总线相连的处理器620 ; [0206] processor 620 coupled to the bus;

[0207] 与该总线相连的存储器630 ; [0207] The memory 630 connected to the bus;

[0208] 与该总线相连的收发器640 ; [0208] connected to the bus transceiver 640;

[0209] 其中,该处理器620通过该总线610,调用该存储器630中存储的程序,以用于使多载波通信系统中的控制中心确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向,以使第一下倾角与第二下倾角相异,该第一下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第二下倾角是该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度; [0209] wherein, the processor 620 via the bus 610, the calling program stored in the memory 630, to the control center for a multi-carrier communication system first determines the at least two base station apparatus using a first carrier in carrier beam direction and / or the second carrier and the first carrier and / or the beam direction of the second base station apparatus using a second carrier so that the angle of inclination different from the first and second lower tilt angle, the first lower is the angle of the beam direction of the first carrier of the first base station apparatus using an inclination angle in the vertical direction, the beam direction is a second angle at a second carrier of the first base station apparatus using an inclination angle in the vertical direction of the;

[0210] 该收发器640用于向该第一基站设备发送用于指示该第一基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,以便于该第一基站设备根据该第一配置信息确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向; [0210] The transceiver 640 is used to indicate a first base station apparatus transmits the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first configuration information used by the first base station apparatus, so that the first a base station apparatus of the first carrier and / or the configuration information to the first beam direction is determined according to a second carrier;

[0211] 用于向该第二基站设备发送用于指示第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第二配置信息,以便于该第二基站设备根据该第二配置信息确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向; [0211] for transmitting to the second base station apparatus for the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the second configuration information indicates that the second base station apparatus is used, so that the second base station apparatus according to this second configuration information for determining the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction;

[0212] 其中,该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或 [0212] wherein the coverage of the coverage of the first carrier a first carrier using the first base station apparatus and a base station apparatus using the second overlap, and / or

[0213] 该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交叠。 [0213] coverage of the second carrier used by the first base station apparatus and the coverage of the second carrier of the second base station apparatus using overlap.

[0214] 可选地,该收发器640还用于接收该第一基站设备发送的用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息和/或该第二基站设备发送的用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第二用户位置信息;以及 [0214] Alternatively, the transceiver 640 is further configured to receive the first base station apparatus transmits the position for indicating the at least one user equipment in the multicarrier communication system, a first user position information and / or the second the position of at least two base station apparatus in a user device of the multi-carrier communication system for transmitting a second indication of the user location information;

[0215] 该处理器620还用于根据该第一用户位置信息和/或该第二位置信息,确定第一基站设备和第二基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向。 [0215] The processor 620 is further configured according to the first user position information and / or the second position information, determining at least two carriers of the first carrier a first base station apparatus and base station apparatus used in the second and / or second carrier beam direction.

[0216] 可选地,该处理器620具体用于确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向,以使第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,该第三下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第四下倾角是该第二基站设备使用的该第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 [0216] Alternatively, the processor 620 is specifically configured to determine that the first carrier a first carrier and / or beam direction of at least two carriers in the first base station apparatus using a second carrier and a second base station apparatus for use and / or the second carrier beam direction, so that the third and the fourth angle at different downtilt, wherein the third angle is the direction of the first beam in the vertical direction of the second carrier base station apparatus for use in the inclination angle and the fourth angle at which the beam direction is a second carrier base station apparatus using the second inclination angle in the vertical direction.

[0217] 处理单元620控制设备600的操作,处理单元620还可以称为CPU。 [0217] The processing unit 620 controls operation of device 600, processing unit 620 may also be referred to as a CPU. 存储器630可以包括只读存储器和随机存取存储器,并向处理单元620提供指令和数据。 The memory 630 may include read only memory and random access memory, and provides instructions and data processing unit 620. 存储器630的一部分还可以包括非易失行随机存取存储器(NVRAM)。 Portion of the memory 630 may also include non-volatile random access memory row (NVRAM). 具体的应用中,设备600可以嵌入或者本身可以就是例如基站设备,还可以包括容纳发射电路641和接收电路642的收发器640,以允许设备600和远程位置之间进行数据发射和接收。 A specific application, or may be embedded device 600 is a base station apparatus itself may further comprise, for example, may receive transmit circuitry 641 and receive circuitry 642 of the transceiver 640, to allow the device 600 and a remote location between data transmission and reception. 发射电路641和接收电路642可以耦合到天线600。 Transmit circuitry 641 and receive circuitry 642 may be coupled to antenna 600. 设备600的各个组件通过总线610耦合在一起,其中,总线610除包括数据总线之外,还包括电源总线、控制总线和状态信号总线。 The various components of device 600 are coupled together by a bus 610, where bus 610 in addition to a data bus, but also include a power bus, control bus, and a status signal bus. 但是为了清楚明起见,在图中将各种总线都标为总线610。 For clarity's sake but out in FIG various buses are marked as bus 610. 设备600还可以包括用于处理信号的处理单元、此外还包括功率控制器、解码处理器。 Device 600 may further include a processing unit for processing a signal and further comprising a power controller, a decoding processor. 具体的不同产品中解码器可能与处理单元集成为一体。 Specific products from decoder may be integrated into one processing unit.

[0218] 处理器可以实现或者执行本发明方法实施例中的公开的各步骤及逻辑框图。 [0218] A processor may implement or execute the steps of the method of the present invention and a logic block diagram of the embodiment of the disclosed embodiments. 通用处理器可以是微处理器或者该处理器也可以是任何常规的处理器,解码器等。 A general purpose processor may be a microprocessor or the processor may be any conventional processor, a decoder and the like. 结合本发明实施例所公开的方法的步骤可以直接体现为硬件处理器执行完成,或者用解码处理器中的硬件及软件模块组合执行完成。 The steps of the method according to the present invention, the disclosed embodiments may be embodied directly in hardware processor execution is completed, the decoding processor, or a combination of hardware and software module executed is completed. 软件模块可以位于随机存储器,闪存、只读存储器,可编程只读存储器或者电可擦写可编程存储器、寄存器等本领域成熟的存储介质中。 Software module may reside in random access memory, flash memory, read only memory, programmable read-only memory or an electrically erasable programmable memory storage medium mature, register or the like in the art. 该存储介质位于存储器630,解码单元或者处理单元读取存储器630中的信息,结合其硬件完成上述方法的步骤。 The storage medium is located in the memory 630, the decoding unit 630 or step in the information memory unit reads, in connection with the above method for processing hardware.

[0219] 该处理器可以是中央处理单元(Central Processing Unit,简称为“CPU”),该处理器还可以是其他通用处理器、数字信号处理器(DSP)、专用集成电路(ASIC)、现成可编程门阵列(FPGA)或者其他可编程逻辑器件、分立门或者晶体管逻辑器件、分立硬件组件等。 [0219] The processor may be a central processing unit (Central Processing Unit, abbreviated as "CPU"), the processor may also be other general purpose processor, a digital signal processor (DSP), application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), ready-made programmable gate array (FPGA) or other programmable logic device, discrete gate or transistor logic, discrete hardware components like. 通用处理器可以是微处理器或者该处理器也可以是任何常规的处理器等。 A general purpose processor may be a microprocessor or the processor may be any conventional processor or the like.

[0220] 该存储器可以包括只读存储器和随机存取存储器,并向处理器提供指令和数据。 [0220] The memory may include read only memory and random access memory, provides instructions and data to the processor. 存储器的一部分还可以包括非易失性随机存取存储器。 Portion of the memory may also include non-volatile random access memory. 例如,存储器还可以存储设备类型的信息。 For example, the memory may also store the type of device.

[0221] 该总线系统除包括数据总线之外,还可以包括电源总线、控制总线和状态信号总线等。 [0221] The system bus comprises a data bus in addition to addition, may include a power bus, a control bus, and a status signal bus, and the like. 但是为了清楚说明起见,在图中将各种总线都标为总线系统。 However, for clarity, the various buses are labeled in FIG bus system.

[0222] 在实现过程中,上述方法的各步骤可以通过处理器中的硬件的集成逻辑电路或者软件形式的指令完成。 [0222] In the implementation process, the steps of the method described above can be accomplished by the processor hardware integrated logic circuitry, or the form of software instructions. 结合本发明实施例所公开的方法的步骤可以直接体现为硬件处理器执行完成,或者用处理器中的硬件及软件模块组合执行完成。 The steps of the method according to the present invention, the disclosed embodiments may be embodied directly in hardware processor execution completes, or by a combination of processor hardware and software module executed is completed. 软件模块可以位于随机存储器,闪存、只读存储器,可编程只读存储器或者电可擦写可编程存储器、寄存器等本领域成熟的存储介质中。 Software module may reside in random access memory, flash memory, read only memory, programmable read-only memory or an electrically erasable programmable memory storage medium mature, register or the like in the art. 该存储介质位于存储器,处理器读取存储器中的信息,结合其硬件完成上述方法的步骤。 The storage medium is located in the memory, the information processor reads the memory, which in conjunction with the hardware to complete the steps of the method described above. 为避免重复,这里不再详细描述。 To avoid repetition, not described in detail herein.

[0223] 根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的设备600可对应于本发明实施例的方法中的基站设备(具体地说,是基站A),并且,该多载波通信的设备600中的各单元即模块和上述其他操作和/或功能分别为了实现图6中的方法200的相应流程,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。 [0223] The multicarrier communication apparatus of an embodiment of the present invention may correspond to the base station apparatus 600 (specifically, the base station A) in the embodiment of the method of the present invention, and the multi-carrier communication device 600 each unit or module and said other operations and / or functions are implemented to the respective flow of the method 200 in FIG. 6, for brevity, are not repeated herein.

[0224] 根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的设备,通过为不同的载波设置相异的下倾角度,能够使基站设备使用的不同的载波具有不同的覆盖范围,从而,在多载波通信系统内,对于不同的载波,在各基站设备彼此之间的边缘交界区域相异,从而使得不同载波对不同区域提供差异化的覆盖,不同区域的用户根据差异性选择更适合自己的载波传输,提升整体性能。 [0224] Multi-carrier communication apparatus in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, provided by different carriers at different tilt angles, it is possible to make the base station apparatus using different carriers having different coverage, so that, in a multi-carrier communication system within, for different carriers, the edge of the boundary region between the base station apparatus different from each other, so that the different carriers to provide coverage to different areas of difference, users in different areas of carrier is more suitable for transmission in accordance with their selected differences, improve overall performance.

[0225] 上文中,结合图1至图10,详细描述了根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的方法、装置和设备,下面,将结合图11,详细描述根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的系统。 [0225] In the above, in conjunction with FIGS. 1 to FIG. 10, described in detail a method according to a multi-carrier communication according to an embodiment of the present invention, apparatus and equipment, below, in conjunction with FIG. 11, according to an embodiment of the present invention is described in detail with the multi-carrier communication system.

[0226] 图11示出了根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的系统700的示意性框图。 [0226] FIG. 11 shows a schematic block diagram 700 of a multicarrier communication system according to an embodiment of the present invention. 如图11所示,该系统700包括:[0227] 使用至少两个载波与至少一个用户设备进行通信的第一基站设备710,其中,第一下倾角小于第二下倾角,该第一下倾角是该至少两个载波中的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第二下倾角是该至少两个载波中的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度; As shown, the system 11 700 comprising: [0227] using at least two carriers, at least one user equipment with a first base station apparatus 710 in communication, wherein the first angle is less than the second lower tilt angle, the first downtilt the beam direction is at least two carriers in the first carrier inclination angle in the vertical direction, the beam direction is a second angle at the at least two carriers of the second carrier inclination angle in a vertical direction;

[0228] 使用包括该第一载波和该第二载波在内的至少两个载波与该至少一个用户设备进行通信的第二基站设备720 ; [0228] The use includes a first carrier and the second carrier including at least two carriers, at least one user equipment to the second base station apparatus 720 in communication;

[0229] 其中,该第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或 [0229] wherein the coverage of the coverage of the first carrier a first carrier using the first base station apparatus and a base station apparatus using the second overlap, and / or

[0230] 该第一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和该第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交叠。 [0230] coverage of the second carrier used by the first base station apparatus and the coverage of the second carrier of the second base station apparatus using overlap.

[0231] 可选地,该第一下倾角和/或该第二下倾角是该第一基站设备710根据该至少一个用户设备在该系统中的位置确定的。 [0231] Alternatively, the first lower tilt angle and / or the second angle is at the first base station apparatus 710 determines the position of the at least one user equipment in the system.

[0232] 可选地,第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,该第三下倾角是该第二基站设备720使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,该第四下倾角是该第二基站设备720使用的该第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 [0232] Alternatively, the third and the fourth angle different downtilt, wherein the third angle is the direction of the beam of the first carrier of the second base station apparatus 720 using the inclination angle in the vertical direction, the the fourth is the angle of the beam direction of the second carrier base station apparatus 720 using the second inclination angle in the vertical direction.

[0233] 可选地,该第二基站设备720使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向是该第二基站设备720根据该第一基站设备710发送的用于指示该第一基站设备710使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第三配置信息确定的。 [0233] Alternatively, the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the second base station apparatus 720 using the second base station apparatus 720 according to the first base station 710 transmits a device for indicating the second the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of a third configuration of a base station apparatus 710 determines to use.

[0234] 可选地,该系统还包括: [0234] Optionally, the system further comprising:

[0235] 控制中心730,用于确定该第一基站设备710使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及该第二基站设备720使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向; [0235] the control center 730 for determining the first carrier a first carrier at least two carriers of the first base station apparatus 710 used in the beam direction and / or the second carrier and the second base station apparatus 720 and use / beam direction or the second carrier;

[0236] 用于向该第一基站设备710发送用于指示该第一基站设备710使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,以便于该第一基站设备710根据该第一配置信息,确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向; [0236] for a first base station apparatus 710 transmits to the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the first configuration information to the first base station apparatus 710 used for instructing the first base station in order to apparatus 710 according to the first configuration information, determining that the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction;

[0237] 用于向该第二基站720发送的用于指示该第二基站设备720使用的该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向的第二配置信息,以便于该第二基站设备720根据该第二配置信息,确定该第一载波和/或该第二载波的波束方向。 [0237] for the second base station 720 to the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction of the second configuration information to the second base station apparatus 720 is used for indicating transmission order to the second base station apparatus 720 according to the second configuration information, determining that the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction.

[0238] 可选地,该控制中心730还用于根据该第一基站设备发送的用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息和/或该第二基站设备发送的用于指示该至少一个用户设备在该多载波通信系统中的位置的第二用户位置信息,确定该第一配置信息以及该第二配置信息。 [0238] Alternatively, the control center 730 is also used to indicate the position of the at least one user equipment in the multicarrier communication system, a first user position information and / or the second device according to the first base station for transmitting the position of at least two base station apparatus in a user device of the multi-carrier communication system for transmitting a second indication of user location information, determining the first configuration information and the second configuration information.

[0239] 根据本发明实施例的第一基站710可对应于本发明实施例的方法中的基站设备(具体地说,是基站A),第二基站720可对应于本发明实施例的方法中的基站设备(具体地说,是基站B),并且,第一基站710和第二基站720中的各单元即模块和上述其他操作和/或功能分别为了实现图1中的方法100的相应流程,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。 [0239] According to a first embodiment of the present invention, base station 710 may correspond to a base station apparatus in the embodiment of the method of the present invention (specifically, the base station A), the base station 720 may correspond to the second embodiment of the method of the present invention, the base station apparatus (specifically, the base station B), and each unit of the first base station 710 and second base station 720, i.e., the above-described modules and other operations and / or functions are to implement the method of FIG 1 corresponding procedures 100 , for brevity, are not repeated here.

[0240] 根据本发明实施例的控制中心730可对应于本发明实施例的方法中的控制中心,并且,该控制中心730中的各单元即模块和上述其他操作和/或功能分别为了实现图6中的方法200的相应流程,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。 [0240] The control center of an embodiment of the present invention 730 may correspond to the control center method of an embodiment of the present invention, and each unit of the control center 730, i.e., modules and said other operations and / or functions, respectively, in order to achieve FIG. 6 corresponding processes in the method 200, for brevity, are not repeated herein. [0241] 根据本发明实施例的多载波通信的系统,通过为不同的载波设置相异的下倾角度,能够使基站设备使用的不同的载波具有不同的覆盖范围,从而,在多载波通信系统内,对于不同的载波,在各基站设备彼此之间的边缘交界区域相异,从而使得不同载波对不同区域提供差异化的覆盖,不同区域的用户根据差异性选择更适合自己的载波传输,提升整体性能。 [0241] multicarrier communication system according to an embodiment of the present invention, provided by different carriers at different tilt angles, it is possible to make the base station apparatus using different carriers having different coverage, so that, in a multi-carrier communication system within, for different carriers, the edge of the boundary region between the base station apparatus different from each other, so that the different carriers to provide coverage to different areas of difference, users in different areas of carrier is more suitable for transmission in accordance with their selected differences, improve overall performance.

[0242] 应理解,在本发明的各种实施例中,上述各过程的序号的大小并不意味着执行顺序的先后,各过程的执行顺序应以其功能和内在逻辑确定,而不应对本发明实施例的实施过程构成任何限定。 [0242] It should be understood that in various embodiments of the present invention, the sequence numbers of the above-described processes do not indicate execution order, the order of execution processes should be determined by its function and internal logic, not deal with the present the procedure of Example embodiment of the invention, constitute any limitation.

[0243] 本领域普通技术人员可以意识到,结合本文中所公开的实施例描述的各示例的单元及算法步骤,能够以电子硬件、或者计算机软件和电子硬件的结合来实现。 [0243] Those of ordinary skill in the art can appreciate that various units and algorithm steps described in the exemplary embodiments disclosed herein, can be combined with electronic hardware, computer software and electronic hardware, or be implemented. 这些功能究竟以硬件还是软件方式来执行,取决于技术方案的特定应用和设计约束条件。 Whether these functions are performed by hardware or software depends upon the particular application and design constraints of the technical solutions. 专业技术人员可以对每个特定的应用来使用不同方法来实现所描述的功能,但是这种实现不应认为超出本发明的范围。 Professional technical staff may use different methods for each specific application to implement the described functionality, but such implementation should not be considered outside the scope of the present invention.

[0244] 所属领域的技术人员可以清楚地了解到,为描述的方便和简洁,上述描述的系统、装置和单元的具体工作过程,可以参考前述方法实施例中的对应过程,在此不再赘述。 [0244] Those skilled in the art may clearly understand that, for convenience and brevity of description, specific working process of the foregoing system, apparatus, and unit may refer to the corresponding process in the foregoing method embodiments, not described herein again .

[0245] 在本申请所提供的几个实施例中,应该理解到,所揭露的系统、装置和方法,可以通过其它的方式实现。 [0245] In several embodiments provided herein present embodiment, it should be understood that the system, apparatus and method disclosed may be implemented in other manners. 例如,以上所描述的装置实施例仅仅是示意性的,例如,所述单元的划分,仅仅为一种逻辑功能划分,实际实现时可以有另外的划分方式,例如多个单元或组件可以结合或者可以集成到另一个系统,或一些特征可以忽略,或不执行。 For example, the described apparatus embodiments are merely illustrative of, for example, the unit division is merely logical function division, there may be other division in actual implementation, for example, a plurality of units or components may be combined or It can be integrated into another system, or some features may be ignored or not performed. 另一点,所显示或讨论的相互之间的耦合或直接耦合或通信连接可以是通过一些接口,装置或单元的间接耦合或通信连接,可以是电性,机械或其它的形式。 Another point, displayed or coupling or direct coupling or communication between interconnected in question may be through some interface, device, or indirect coupling or communication connection unit, may be electrical, mechanical, or other forms.

[0246] 所述作为分离部件说明的单元可以是或者也可以不是物理上分开的,作为单元显示的部件可以是或者也可以不是物理单元,即可以位于一个地方,或者也可以分布到多个网络单元上。 [0246] The unit described as separate components may be or may not be physically separate, parts displayed as units may be or may not be physical units, i.e. may be located in one place, or may be distributed to a plurality of networks unit. 可以根据实际的需要选择其中的部分或者全部单元来实现本实施例方案的目的。 You can select some or all of the units according to actual needs to achieve the object of the solutions of the embodiments.

[0247] 另外,在本发明各个实施例中的各功能单元可以集成在一个处理单元中,也可以是各个单元单独物理存在,也可以两个或两个以上单元集成在一个单元中。 [0247] Additionally, functional units may be integrated in various embodiments of the present invention in a processing unit, separate units may be physically present, may be two or more units are integrated into one unit.

[0248] 所述功能如果以软件功能单元的形式实现并作为独立的产品销售或使用时,可以存储在一个计算机可读取存储介质中。 [0248] If the function is implemented as a separate product sold or used in the form of a software functional unit may be stored in a computer-readable storage medium. 基于这样的理解,本发明的技术方案本质上或者说对现有技术做出贡献的部分或者该技术方案的部分可以以软件产品的形式体现出来,该计算机软件产品存储在一个存储介质中,包括若干指令用以使得一台计算机设备(可以是个人计算机,服务器,或者网络设备等)执行本发明各个实施例所述方法的全部或部分步骤。 Based on such understanding, the technical solutions of the present invention per se or contributing to the prior art or part of the technical solutions may be embodied in a software product, which computer software product is stored in a storage medium, comprising several instructions that enable a computer device (may be a personal computer, a server, or network device) to perform all or part of the steps of the methods of the various embodiments of the present invention. 而前述的存储介质包括:U盘、移动硬盘、只读存储器(ROM,Read-Only Memory)、随机存取存储器(RAM, RandomAccess Memory)、磁碟或者光盘等各种可以存储程序代码的介质。 The storage medium includes: U disk, mobile hard disk, a read-only memory (ROM, Read-Only Memory), a random access various memories (RAM, RandomAccess Memory), a magnetic disk, or an optical medium can store program codes.

[0249] 以上所述,仅为本发明的具体实施方式,但本发明的保护范围并不局限于此,任何熟悉本技术领域的技术人员在本发明揭露的技术范围内,可轻易想到变化或替换,都应涵盖在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0249] The above are only specific embodiments of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, any skilled in the art in the art within the technical scope of the present invention is disclosed, variations may readily occur or Alternatively, it shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention. 因此,本发明的保护范围应以所述权利要求的保护范围为准。 Accordingly, the scope of the present invention should be defined by the scope of the claims.

Claims (33)

  1. 1. 一种多载波通信的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括: 多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备确定用于通信的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向,以使第一下倾角与第二下倾角相异,所述第一下倾角是所述第一基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,所述第二下倾角是所述第一基站设备使用的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度; 使用所述第一载波和所述第二载波与所述多载波通信系统中的至少一个用户设备进行通信; 其中,所述多载波通信系统还包括第二基站设备,所述第二基站设备使用包括所述第一载波和所述第二载波在内的至少两个载波与所述至少一个用户设备进行通信,所述第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和所述第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或所述第一基站 A multi-carrier communication method, wherein, said method comprising: a first multicarrier communication system a first base station apparatus determines the at least two carriers for communication and / or the second carrier beam direction, so that the angle of inclination different from the first and the second lower tilt angle, said first downtilt beam direction of said first base station apparatus using a first carrier tilt angle in the vertical direction, the second downtilt beam direction of said first base station apparatus using the second carrier tilt angle in the vertical direction; using the first carrier and the second carrier with at least one user equipment in a multicarrier communication system communication; wherein the multi-carrier communication system further includes a second base station apparatus, the second base station apparatus comprising using the first carrier and the second carrier with at least two carriers, including at least one user said communication apparatus, coverage of the first carrier a first carrier coverage of the base station apparatus using a first and a second base station apparatus using the overlap, and / or the first base station 备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和所述第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交叠。 Coverage of the second carrier is ready for use and a second carrier coverage of the second base station apparatus using overlap.
  2. 2.根据权利要求I所述的方法,其特征在于,所述多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备确定用于通信的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向包括: 所述多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备根据所述至少一个用户设备在所述多载波通信系统中的位置,确定所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向。 2. The method of claim I, wherein the first carrier and / or beam direction of said at least two carriers in a multicarrier communication system determines a first base station apparatus for communicating in a second carrier comprising: the multi-carrier communication system according to a first base station apparatus to the position of the at least one user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system, the determination and / or the beam direction of the first carrier the second carrier.
  3. 3.根据权利要求I或2所述的方法,其特征在于,第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,所述第三下倾角是所述第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,所述第四下倾角是所述第二基站设备使用的所述第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 3. The method of claim I or claim 2, wherein the third angle and the fourth angle at different, wherein the third angle is the first carrier of the second base station apparatus used the direction of the beam tilt angle in the vertical direction, the angle of inclination is the lower fourth of said second base station apparatus using a second carrier beam direction inclination angle in the vertical direction.
  4. 4.根据权利要求I至3中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法还包括: 向所述第二基站设备发送用于指示所述第一基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向的第三配置信息,以便于所述第二基站设备根据所述第三配置信息,确定所述第二基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向。 I 4. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that, said method further comprising: the second base station apparatus transmits the indication of the first base station apparatus used in the first the third configuration information carrier and / or beam direction of said second carrier, so that the third configuration information to the second base station apparatus according to determining the second base station apparatus using the first carrier and / beam direction or the second carrier.
  5. 5.根据权利要求I至4中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备确定用于通信的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向包括: 所述多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备接收控制中心发送的用于指示所述第一基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息; 根据所述第一配置信息,确定所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向。 5. A method according to claim I as claimed in any one of claim 4, wherein said first carrier at least two carriers in a multicarrier communication system a first base station apparatus determines a communication and / or the beam direction of the second carrier comprises: means for indicating the multi-carrier communication system a first base station apparatus receives the control center sends the first base station apparatus using a first carrier and / or the second carrier first configuration information beam direction; according to the first configuration information, determining the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction.
  6. 6.根据权利要求5所述的方法,其特征在于,所述多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备接收控制中心发送的用于指示所述第一基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息包括: 所述多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备向所述控制中心发送用于指示所述至少一个用户设备在所述多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息; 接收所述控制中心发送的用于指示所述第一基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,其中,所述第一配置信息是所述控制中心根据所述第一用户位置信息确定的。 6. The method according to claim 5, wherein said first base station for instructing the central control device receiving the multi-carrier communication system transmitting the first base station apparatus using a first carrier and / a first beam direction or configuration of the second information carrier comprising: the multi-carrier communication system a first base station apparatus transmits to the control center indicating at least one user of said apparatus for multi-carrier communication system a first location information of user location; first configuration information and / or the beam direction of said second carrier using the first base station apparatus for receiving an indication sent by the control center of the first carrier, wherein the first configuration information to the control center is determined from the position information of the first user.
  7. 7. 一种多载波通信的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括:多载波通信系统中的控制中心确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向,以使第一下倾角与第二下倾角相异,所述第一下倾角是所述第一基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,所述第二下倾角是所述第一基站设备使用的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度; 向所述第一基站设备发送用于指示所述第一基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,以便于所述第一基站设备根据所述第一配置信息确定所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向; 向所述第二基站设备发送用于指示第二基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二 A multi-carrier communication method, wherein said method comprises: a multi-carrier communication system control center determines the at least two carriers, a first carrier base station apparatus used in the first and / or second carrier beam direction and the second base station apparatus used and / or the beam direction of the first carrier the second carrier, so that the angle of inclination different from the first and the second lower tilt angle, the first of said downtilt the beam direction of the first carrier base station apparatus used in a tilt angle in the vertical direction, said second downtilt beam direction is the second carrier base station apparatus using a first inclination angle in the vertical direction; to the said first configuration information for a first base station apparatus transmits the indication of the base station apparatus using a first and / or the beam direction of the first carrier the second carrier, so that the first base station equipment according to the determining first configuration information and the first carrier or the beam direction / second carrier; device transmits to the second base station for instructing the second base station apparatus used and / or the first carrier of the first two 载波的波束方向的第二配置信息,以便于所述第二基站设备根据所述第二配置信息确定所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向; 其中,所述第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和所述第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或所述第一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和所述第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交叠。 Second configuration information carrier beam direction, so that the second base station apparatus and / or the beam direction of the first carrier the second carrier is determined according to the second configuration information; wherein, the first base station coverage of the first carrier and a device using a first carrier coverage of the second base station apparatus using overlapping coverage of the second carrier and / or used by the first base station apparatus and the second base station coverage of the second carrier used by the device overlap.
  8. 8.根据权利要求7所述的方法,其特征在于,所述多载波通信系统中的控制中心确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向包括: 所述多载波通信系统中的控制中心接收所述第一基站设备发送的用于指示所述至少一个用户设备在所述多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息和/或所述第二基站设备发送的用于指示所述至少一个用户设备在所述多载波通信系统中的位置的第二用户位置信息; 根据所述第一用户位置信息和/或所述第二位置信息,确定第一基站设备和第二基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向。 8. The method according to claim 7, wherein the multi-carrier communication system control center determines beam direction at least two carriers of the first carrier base station apparatus used in a first and / or second carrier and the second base station apparatus used and / or the beam direction of the first carrier the second carrier comprises: the multi-carrier communication system control center receives the first base station apparatus for transmitting an indication of said at least a first user position information of a user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system and the position of the at least one user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system and / or the second base station for instructing the transmitting device a second user position information; according to and / or the second position information of the first user location information, determining at least two carriers of the first carrier a first base station apparatus and base station apparatus used in the second and / or the second carrier beam direction.
  9. 9.根据权利要求7或8所述的方法,其特征在于,所述多载波通信系统中的控制中心确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向包括: 多载波通信系统中的控制中心确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向,以使第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,所述第三下倾角是所述第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,所述第四下倾角是所述第二基站设备使用的所述第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 9. The method of claim 7 or claim 8, wherein the multi-carrier communication system control center determines the at least two carriers, a first carrier base station apparatus used in the first and / or second carrier beam direction and the second base station apparatus using a first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction comprising: a multi-carrier communication system control center determines the at least two of the first carrier of the first base station apparatus used in carrier beam direction and / or the second carrier and the second base station apparatus using a first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction, so that the third and the fourth different downtilt angle, wherein the third is the second downtilt beam direction of the first carrier of the base station apparatus using an inclination angle in the vertical direction, said fourth lower angle of inclination is the second base station apparatus using the second carrier the inclination angle of the beam direction in the vertical direction.
  10. 10. 一种多载波通信的装置,其特征在于,所述装置包括: 确定单元,用于使多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备确定用于通信的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向,以使第一下倾角与第二下倾角相异,其中,所述第一下倾角是所述第一基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,所述第二下倾角是所述第一基站设备使用的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度; 通信单元,用于使用所述第一载波和所述第二载波与所述多载波通信系统中的至少一个用户设备进行通信;其中,所述多载波通信系统还包括第二基站设备,所述第二基站设备使用包括所述第一载波和所述第二载波在内的至少两个载波与所述至少一个用户设备进行通信,所述第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和所述第二基站设备使用的第一载 10. A multi-carrier communication apparatus, characterized in that said means comprises: determining means for causing the first base station apparatus in a multicarrier communication system first determines the carrier for the at least two carriers in the communication and / or beam direction of the second carrier so that the angle of inclination different from the first and second lower angle, wherein the angle of inclination of the first direction is perpendicular to the beam direction of the first carrier a first base station apparatus for use in inclination angle, the second lower tilt angle of said first beam direction is the second carrier base station apparatus using the tilt angle in the vertical direction; a communication unit using the first carrier and the second carrier communicating with said at least one user equipment in multi-carrier communication system; wherein said multi-carrier communication system further includes a second base station apparatus, the second base station apparatus comprising using the first carrier and the second carrier with at least two carriers, including at least one user equipment for communication, a first carrier coverage of the first carrier using the first base station apparatus and a base station apparatus used in the second 波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或所述第一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和所述第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交叠。 Wave coverage overlap, and / or the coverage of the second base station apparatus using a first carrier and a second carrier coverage of the second base station apparatus using overlap.
  11. 11.根据权利要求10所述的装置,其特征在于,所述确定单元具体用于根据所述至少一个用户设备在所述多载波通信系统中的位置,确定所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向。 11. The apparatus according to claim 10, wherein said determining unit is for at least one position in the multi-carrier communication system according to the user device to determine the first carrier and / or said second carrier beam direction.
  12. 12.根据权利要求10或11所述的装置,其特征在于,第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,所述第三下倾角是所述第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,所述第四下倾角是所述第二基站设备使用的所述第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 12. The apparatus of claim 10 or claim 11, wherein the third and the fourth different downtilt angle, wherein the third angle is the first carrier of the second base station apparatus used the direction of the beam tilt angle in the vertical direction, the angle of inclination is the lower fourth of said second base station apparatus using a second carrier beam direction inclination angle in the vertical direction.
  13. 13.根据权利要求10至12中任一项所述的装置,其特征在于,所述通信单元还用于向所述第二基站设备发送用于指示所述第一基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向的第三配置信息,以便于所述第二基站设备根据所述第三配置信息,确定所述第二基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向。 13. The apparatus 10-1 according to any of claims 12, wherein the communication unit is further configured to transmit to the second for the first base station apparatus to instruct the first base station apparatus for use a carrier and / or the third configuration information of the second carrier beam direction, so that the second base station apparatus according to the third configuration information, the determining the second base station apparatus using a first carrier and / or beam direction of the second carrier.
  14. 14.根据权利要求10至13中任一项所述的装置,其特征在于,所述通信单元还用于接收控制中心发送的用于指示所述第一基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息; 所述确定单元还用于根据所述第一配置信息,确定所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向。 14. The apparatus 10-1 according to any of claims 13, wherein the communication unit is further configured to receive an indication of the control center for transmission of the first base station apparatus using a first carrier and first direction beam configuration and / or the second carrier information; said further determining unit according to the first configuration information for determining the first carrier or the beam direction and / or the second carrier.
  15. 15.根据权利要求14所述的装置,其特征在于,所述通信单元还用于向所述控制中心发送用于指示所述至少一个用户设备在所述多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息; 接收所述控制中心发送的用于指示所述第一基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,其中,所述第一配置信息是所述控制中心根据所述第一用户位置信息确定的。 15. The first device of claim 14, wherein the communication unit for further transmission to the control center indicating the position of the at least one user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system for user location information; receiving the control device uses the first base station for indicating the center of the transmission and / or the beam direction of the first carrier the second carrier of the first configuration information, wherein the first the configuration information control center is determined based on the first user location information.
  16. 16. 一种多载波通信的装置,其特征在于,所述装置包括: 确定单元,用于使多载波通信系统中的控制中心确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向,以使第一下倾角与第二下倾角相异,所述第一下倾角是所述第一基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,所述第二下倾角是所述第一基站设备使用的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度; 发送单元,用于向所述第一基站设备发送用于指示所述第一基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,以便于所述第一基站设备根据所述第一配置信息确定所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向; 用于向所述第二基站设备发送用于指示第二基 16. A multi-carrier communication apparatus, characterized in that, said means comprising: a determining unit, a control center for a multi-carrier communication system determines a first carrier at least two carriers used by the first base station apparatus and / or a beam direction and a second carrier used by the second base station apparatus and / or the beam direction of the first carrier the second carrier, so that the angle of inclination different from the first and the second lower tilt angle, said first It said first downtilt beam direction of the first carrier of the base station apparatus using an inclination angle in the vertical direction, said second downtilt beam direction of said first base station apparatus using the second carrier in the vertical direction tilt angle; transmitting means for transmitting to the first base station apparatus for the first base station apparatus using the indication and / or the beam direction of the first carrier the second carrier of the first configuration information, the base station apparatus so that the first and / or the beam direction of the first carrier the second carrier is determined according to the first configuration information; means for transmitting to the second base station for instructing the second device group 设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向的第二配置信息,以便于所述第二基站设备根据所述第二配置信息确定所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向; 其中,所述第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和所述第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或所述第一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和所述第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交叠。 The apparatus used in the first or second configuration information carrier and the second carrier beam direction of / to the second base station to the apparatus according to the second configuration information to determine a first carrier and / or said second carrier beam direction; wherein the coverage of the first carrier, the coverage of the first carrier and a first base station apparatus using the second base station apparatus using overlap, and / or the first base station coverage of the second carrier and a device using the coverage of the second carrier using the second base station apparatus overlap.
  17. 17.根据权利要求16所述的装置,其特征在于,所述装置还包括: 接收单元,用于接收所述第一基站设备发送的用于指示所述至少一个用户设备在所述多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息和/或所述第二基站设备发送的用于指示所述至少一个用户设备在所述多载波通信系统中的位置的第二用户位置信息;以及所述确定单元还用于根据所述第一用户位置信息和/或所述第二位置信息,确定第一基站设备和第二基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向。 17. The apparatus according to claim 16, wherein said apparatus further comprises: a receiving unit, for indicating at least one user device receiving the multi-carrier communication device sends the first base station for a first system user location information and second location information of user location / or the second base station apparatus transmits the position indication for the at least one user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system; and the means for further determining the first user according to the location information and / or the second position information, determining at least two carriers of the first carrier a first base station apparatus and base station apparatus used in the second and / or the second carrier the beam direction.
  18. 18.根据权利要求16或17所述的装置,其特征在于,所述确定单元具体用于确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向,以使第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,所述第三下倾角是所述第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,所述第四下倾角是所述第二基站设备使用的所述第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 18. The apparatus of claim 16 or claim 17, wherein said determining unit for determining a first carrier and / or beam direction of at least two carriers in the first base station apparatus using a second carrier, and the use of a second base station apparatus and / or the beam direction of the first carrier the second carrier, so that the third and the fourth angle at different downtilt, wherein the third said second downtilt the tilt angle in the vertical direction, the angle of inclination is lower fourth of the second base station apparatus using a second carrier beam direction inclination angle in the vertical direction in the beam direction the first carrier base station apparatus used.
  19. 19. 一种多载波通信的设备,其特征在于,所述设备包括: 总线; 与所述总线相连的处理器; 与所述总线相连的存储器; 与所述总线相连的收发器; 天线; 其中,所述处理器通过所述总线,调用所述存储器中存储的程序,以用于使多载波通信系统中的第一基站设备确定用于通信的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向,以使第一下倾角与第二下倾角相异,其中,所述第一下倾角是所述第一基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,所述第二下倾角是所述第一基站设备使用的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度; 所述收发器用于通过所述天线使用所述第一载波和所述第二载波与所述多载波通信系统中的至少一个用户设备进行通信; 其中,所述多载波通信系统还包括第二基站设备,所述第二基站设备使用 19. An apparatus for multiple carrier communication, wherein, said apparatus comprising: a bus; a processor coupled to said bus; and a memory coupled to said bus; bus coupled to said transceiver; an antenna; wherein said processor via said bus, the calling program stored in the memory, so that the first base station apparatus for a multi-carrier communication system determines a first carrier for at least two carriers in a communication and / or second carrier beam direction, so that the first and the second downtilt angle different, wherein said first downtilt beam direction is the inclination of the first base station apparatus using a first carrier in the vertical direction, angle, said second downtilt beam direction of said first base station apparatus using the second carrier of the tilt angle in the vertical direction; and the transceiver for use by the antenna of the first carrier and the second two carriers with at least one user equipment communicating the multi-carrier communication system; wherein said multi-carrier communication system further includes a second base station apparatus, the second base station device using 包括所述第一载波和所述第二载波在内的至少两个载波与所述至少一个用户设备进行通信,所述第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和所述第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或所述第一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和所述第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交。 Comprising the first carrier and the second carrier with at least two carriers, including at least one user equipment for communication, the coverage of the first carrier and a first base station apparatus using the second base station apparatus coverage of the first carrier of the overlap, and / or the coverage of the second base station apparatus using a first carrier and a second carrier coverage of the second base station using cross-device.
  20. 20.根据权利要求19所述的设备,其特征在于,所述处理器具体用于根据所述至少一个用户设备在所述多载波通信系统中的位置,确定所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向。 20. The apparatus according to claim 19, wherein the processor is configured to position the at least one user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system according to the first carrier is determined and / or said second carrier beam direction.
  21. 21.根据权利要求19或20所述的设备,其特征在于,第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,所述第三下倾角是所述第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,所述第四下倾角是所述第二基站设备使用的所述第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 21. The apparatus of claim 19 or claim 20, wherein the third and the fourth different downtilt angle, wherein the third angle is the first carrier of the second base station apparatus used the direction of the beam tilt angle in the vertical direction, the angle of inclination is the lower fourth of said second base station apparatus using a second carrier beam direction inclination angle in the vertical direction.
  22. 22.根据权利要求19至21中任一项所述的设备,其特征在于,所述处理器还用于控制所述收发器还用于向所述第二基站设备发送用于指示所述第一基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向的第三配置信息,以便于所述第二基站设备根据所述第三配置信息,确定所述第二基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向。 19 to 21 22. The apparatus according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein said processor is further for controlling said transceiver further for transmitting to the second base station for instructing the second device the base station apparatus using a first carrier and the third configuration information or the second carrier beam direction of / to the second base station to the apparatus according to the third configuration information, determining a second base station apparatus the carrier used in the first and / or the second carrier beam direction.
  23. 23.根据权利要求19至22中任一项所述的装置,其特征在于,所述收发器还用于接收控制中心发送的用于指示所述第一基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息; 所述处理器还用于根据所述第一配置信息,确定所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向。 19-22 23. The apparatus according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the transceiver is further configured to receive an indication of the control center for transmission of the first base station apparatus using a first carrier and first direction beam configuration and / or the second carrier information; and the processor is further based on the first configuration information for determining the first carrier or the beam direction and / or the second carrier.
  24. 24.根据权利要求23所述的装置,其特征在于,所述处理器还用于控制所述收发器向所述控制中心发送用于指示所述至少一个用户设备在所述多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息; 所述收发器还用于接收所述控制中心发送的用于指示所述第一基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,其中,所述第一配置信息是所述控制中心根据所述第一用户位置信息确定的。 24. The apparatus according to claim 23, wherein said processor is further configured to control the transceiver to transmit to the control center for indicating the at least one user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system a first location information of the location user; the transceiver further for receiving said control device uses the first base station for indicating the center of the transmission and / or the beam direction of the first carrier the second carrier the first configuration information, wherein the first configuration information to the control center is determined from the position information of the first user.
  25. 25. 一种多载波通信的设备,其特征在于,所述设备包括: 总线; 与所述总线相连的处理器; 与所述总线相连的存储器; 与所述总线相连的收发器; 其中,所述处理器通过所述总线,调用所述存储器中存储的程序,以用于使多载波通信系统中的控制中心确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向,以使第一下倾角与第二下倾角相异,所述第一下倾角是所述第一基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,所述第二下倾角是所述第一基站设备使用的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度; 所述收发器用于向所述第一基站设备发送用于指示所述第一基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息 25. A multi-carrier communication apparatus, characterized in that, said apparatus comprising: a bus; and a processor coupled to said bus; and a memory coupled to said bus; bus coupled to said transceiver; wherein the said processor via said bus, the calling program stored in the memory, to the control center for a multi-carrier communication system determines at least two carriers of the first carrier base station apparatus used in a first and / or second the beam direction and a second carrier used by the base station apparatus and / or the beam direction of the first carrier the second carrier, so that the angle of inclination different from the first and the second lower tilt angle, the first angle of inclination is lower that said inclination angle of the beam direction of the first carrier of the first base station apparatus used in a vertical direction, said second downtilt beam direction of said first base station apparatus using the second carrier tilt angle in the vertical direction; first configuration information for the transceiver device transmits to the first base station for the first base station apparatus using the indication and / or the beam direction of the first carrier the second carrier ,以便于所述第一基站设备根据所述第一配置信息确定所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向; 所述收发器还用于向所述第二基站设备发送用于指示第二基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向的第二配置信息,以便于所述第二基站设备根据所述第二配置信息确定所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向; 其中,所述第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和所述第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或所述第一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和所述第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交叠。 , So that the first base station apparatus and / or the beam direction of the first carrier the second carrier is determined according to the first configuration information; transmitting to the second base station apparatus is further configured to use the transceiver indicating the base station apparatus using the second and / or the beam direction of the first carrier the second carrier of the second configuration information to the second configuration information to determine based on the first device to the second base station carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction; wherein the coverage of the first carrier, the coverage of the first carrier and a first base station apparatus using the second base station apparatus using overlap, and / or the coverage of the second base station apparatus using a first carrier and a second carrier coverage of the second base station apparatus using overlap.
  26. 26.根据权利要求25所述的装置,其特征在于,所述收发器还用于接收所述第一基站设备发送的用于指示所述至少一个用户设备在所述多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息和/或所述第二基站设备发送的用于指示所述至少一个用户设备在所述多载波通信系统中的位置的第二用户位置信息;以及所述处理器还用于根据所述第一用户位置信息和/或所述第二位置信息,确定第一基站设备和第二基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向。 26. The apparatus according to claim 25, wherein the transceiver further for receiving the at least one position of the first base station device transmits to the user equipment indicating the multi-carrier communication system a first user position information and / or the second base station apparatus for transmitting at least one second user indicating the position information of the user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system; and said processor further with in accordance with and / or the second position information of the first user location information, determining a first carrier and / or at least two carriers beam direction the first base station apparatus and the second base station apparatus used in the second carrier.
  27. 27.根据权利要求25或26所述的设备,其特征在于,所述处理器具体用于确定第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及第二基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向,以使第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,所述第三下倾角是所述第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,所述第四下倾角是所述第二基站设备使用的所述第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 27. The apparatus of claim 25 or claim 26, wherein the processor is configured to determine a first carrier and / or beam direction of at least two carriers in the first base station apparatus using a second carrier, and the use of a second base station apparatus and / or the beam direction of the first carrier the second carrier, so that the third and the fourth angle at different downtilt, wherein the third said second downtilt the tilt angle in the vertical direction, the angle of inclination is lower fourth of the second base station apparatus using a second carrier beam direction inclination angle in the vertical direction in the beam direction the first carrier base station apparatus used.
  28. 28. 一种多载波通信的系统,其特征在于,所述系统包括: 使用至少两个载波与至少一个用户设备进行通信的第一基站设备,其中,第一下倾角小于第二下倾角,所述第一下倾角是所述至少两个载波中的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,所述第二下倾角是所述至少两个载波中的第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度; 使用包括所述第一载波和所述第二载波在内的至少两个载波与所述至少一个用户设备进行通信的第二基站设备; 其中,所述第一基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围和所述第二基站设备使用的第一载波的覆盖范围交叠,和/或所述第一基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围和所述第二基站设备使用的第二载波的覆盖范围交叠。 28. A multi-carrier communication system, characterized in that, the system comprising: using at least two carriers with at least one user equipment for communication with a first base station apparatus, wherein the first angle is less than the second lower tilt angle, the said first downtilt beam directions of the at least two carriers in the first carrier inclination angle in the vertical direction, the second angle of inclination is lower beam directions of the at least two carriers in the second carrier the tilt angle in the vertical direction; and said at least two carriers comprises using the first carrier and the second carrier including at least one user equipment for communication with a second base station apparatus; wherein, said first base station apparatus coverage of the first carrier using the first carrier and the coverage of the second base station apparatus using overlapping coverage of the second carrier and / or used by the first base station apparatus and the second base station apparatus coverage of the second carrier of the overlap.
  29. 29.根据权利要求28所述的系统,其特征在于,所述第一下倾角和/或所述第二下倾角是所述第一基站设备根据所述至少一个用户设备在所述系统中的位置确定的。 29. The system according to claim 28, wherein said first downtilt angle and / or the second angle is at the first base station apparatus in the system according to at least one user equipment location determination.
  30. 30.根据权利要求28或29所述的系统,其特征在于,第三下倾角与第四下倾角相异,其中,所述第三下倾角是所述第二基站设备使用的第一载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度,所述第四下倾角是所述第二基站设备使用的所述第二载波的波束方向在垂直方向上的倾斜角度。 30. The system of claim 28 or claim 29, wherein the third and the fourth different downtilt angle, wherein the third angle is the first carrier of the second base station apparatus used the direction of the beam tilt angle in the vertical direction, the angle of inclination is the lower fourth of said second base station apparatus using a second carrier beam direction inclination angle in the vertical direction.
  31. 31.根据权利要求30中任一项所述的系统,其特征在于,所述第二基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向是所述第二基站设备根据所述第一基站设备发送的用于指示所述第一基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向的第三配置信息确定的。 30 31. The system of any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said base station apparatus using the second and / or the beam direction of the first carrier the second carrier of the second base station apparatus is configuring the third device indicating that the first base station used and / or the beam direction of the first carrier the second carrier determined from the information sent by a first base station.
  32. 32.根据权利要求28至31中任一项所述的系统,其特征在于,所述系统还包括: 控制中心,用于确定所述第一基站设备使用的至少两个载波中的第一载波和/或第二载波的波束方向以及所述第二基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向;用于向所述第一基站设备发送用于指示所述第一基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向的第一配置信息,以便于所述第一基站设备根据所述第一配置信息,确定所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向; 用于向所述第二基站发送的用于指示所述第二基站设备使用的所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向的第二配置信息,以便于所述第二基站设备根据所述第二配置信息,确定所述第一载波和/或所述第二载波的波束方向。 32. The system of 28 to 31 according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the system further comprises: a control center, a first carrier for determining at least two carriers of the first base station apparatus used in and / or the beam direction and said second carrier using the second base station apparatus and / or the beam direction of the first carrier the second carrier; means for transmitting to the first base station for instructing the device the first base station apparatus using a first carrier and / or configuration information of the second carrier to the first beam direction, so that the first base station apparatus according to the first configuration information, determining a first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction; the second base station apparatus for use and / or for indicating the direction of the beam transmitted to the second base station the first carrier of the second carrier second configuration information to the second base station apparatus according to the second configuration information, determining the first carrier and / or the second carrier beam direction.
  33. 33.根据权利要求32所述的方法,其特征在于,所述控制中心还用于根据所述第一基站设备发送的用于指示所述至少一个用户设备在所述多载波通信系统中的位置的第一用户位置信息和/或所述第二基站设备发送的用于指示所述至少一个用户设备在所述多载波通信系统中的位置的第二用户位置信息,确定所述第一配置信息以及所述第二配置信肩、O 33. The method according to claim 32, wherein said control center is further configured to indicate the position of said at least one user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system in the first base station apparatus for transmission a first user position information and / or the second base station apparatus transmits at least one second user position information of a user equipment in the multi-carrier communication system indicating means for determining the first configuration information and the second channel disposed shoulder, O
CN 201280002336 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 Multi-carrier communication method, apparatus, devices and systems CN103262489B (en)

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