CN103257384B - Cutter frame system of grating ruling engine - Google Patents

Cutter frame system of grating ruling engine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103257384B
CN103257384B CN201310216246.8A CN201310216246A CN103257384B CN 103257384 B CN103257384 B CN 103257384B CN 201310216246 A CN201310216246 A CN 201310216246A CN 103257384 B CN103257384 B CN 103257384B
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shoes
elasticity
guiding
guide rail
contact
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CN103257384A (en
Inventor
唐玉国
陈科位
冯树龙
齐向东
巴音贺希格
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Changchun Institute of Optics Fine Mechanics and Physics of CAS
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Changchun Institute of Optics Fine Mechanics and Physics of CAS
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Abstract

The invention provides a cutter frame system of a grating ruling engine, and belongs to the field of grating ruling machinery. The cutter frame system aims at solving the problems that machining and assembly in the prior art are large in difficulty and large-area grating ruling is not benefited. A sliding block of the cutter frame system is arranged on a guide rail in a cross mode and slides along the guide rail. A horizontal surface and a second side surface of the sliding block are provided with guide sliding feet, a first side surface is provided with elastic sliding feet, and the elastic sliding feet and the guide sliding feet are contacted with the guide rail. A cutter frame installation plate is movably connected with a joint through a pin shaft, the lower end of the cutter frame installation plate is provided with guide sliding feet which are contacted with the guide rail, a ruling cutter frame is fixedly connected with the cutter frame installation plate, and the elastic sliding feet tightly press one guide sliding foot of the ruling cutter frame on a guide face of the guide rail. A single rectangular guide rail is used, the top face of the guide rail is used for bearing, side faces of the guide rail are used for guiding, a bearing function and a guide function are integrated on one guide rail, and therefore difficulty of the machining and the assembly is reduced. The size of the system is small and the weight of the system is low, and therefore the cutter frame system is suitable for the large-area grating ruling.

Description

Optical grating graduating machine tool holder system
Technical field
The invention belongs to grating ruling machinery field, be specifically related to a kind of optical grating graduating machine tool holder system.
Background technology
Mechanical means is scribed grating and is mainly relied on adamas icking tool to squeeze out the uniform grooved of a series of spacing at aluminium film surface, therefore requires higher to the structural stability of tool holder system and running precision of installing adamas icking tool.
Optical grating graduating machine tool holder system of the prior art as shown in Figure 1, delineation knife rest 7 is across worktable 10 two ends, adopt two guiding rails 9, its collimation not easily adjusts, the difficulty of processing and assembling is large, whole system supporting part is arranged with delineation channel floor, supporting part and delineation part in scoring process is caused easily to influence each other, delineate as width be the large grating of 400 time, delineation knife rest 7 move distance just must be greater than 400, delineation knife rest 7 two guiding rail 9 length of tri-gate just must be greater than 400 separately, add middle space of placing grating and be greater than 400, shared horizontal space need be greater than 400*3, so be unfavorable for scribing of large grating, in addition tool holder system size and quality are all larger, be unfavorable for scribing of large-area grating, existing america's MIT-C optical grating graduating machine, adopt load-bearing guide rail across worktable, knife rest is reciprocating on load-bearing guide rail, the independent guide rail of another root is adopted to carry out location and the guiding of knife rest, this structure load-bearing and guiding rail relatively independent, its collimation not easily regulates, and affects grating ruling quality.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to propose a kind of optical grating graduating machine tool holder system, solve in prior art the difficulty of processing and the assembling existed large and be unfavorable for the problem that large-area grating is scribed, improve grating ruling quality.
For achieving the above object, optical grating graduating machine tool holder system of the present invention comprises guide rail, slide block, elasticity shoes, guiding shoes, adaptor, torsion spring, bearing pin, knife rest installing plate and delineation knife rest, described slide block is spill, its concave inside has horizontal surface, the first side surface and the second side surface, described slide block is cross-placed on described guide rail, and can along described slide, horizontal surface and second side surface of described slide block are provided with guiding shoes, described first side surface is provided with elasticity shoes, described elasticity shoes and guiding shoes all with described guide rail contact, described adaptor is fixedly connected with described slide block, described knife rest installing plate has relative top and bottom, described bearing pin is through described adaptor, torsion spring and knife rest installing plate upper end, described knife rest installing plate is flexibly connected with described adaptor by described bearing pin, and can rotate around described bearing pin, described one end props up described adaptor, the other end props up described knife rest installing plate, described guiding shoes is settled in described knife rest installing plate lower end, described guiding shoes and described guide rail contact, described delineation knife rest is fixedly connected with described knife rest installing plate, delineation knife rest guiding shoes is tightly pressed on the spigot surface of guide rail by described elasticity shoes.
Described bearing pin two ends are fixed on described adaptor by nut.
Described elasticity shoes comprises elasticity shoes contact, elasticity shoes contact mount pad, elasticity shoes trim ring, elasticity shoes seat, guide holder, elasticity shoes cover plate and stage clip; Described elasticity shoes contact is fixedly installed in the mount pad of described elasticity shoes contact, described elasticity shoes contact and described guide rail contact; Described elasticity shoes trim ring is threaded with described elasticity shoes contact mount pad, for fixing described elasticity shoes contact; Described elasticity shoes contact mount pad is placed in described elasticity shoes seat, can slide in described elasticity shoes seat; Described elasticity shoes seat is fixedly connected with described slide block; Described elasticity shoes cover plate covers on described elasticity shoes seat; Described guide holder and described elasticity shoes seat are slidably connected, and described stage clip is around described guide holder, and described stage clip one end props up described elasticity shoes cover plate, and the other end props up described guide holder.
Described guiding shoes comprises guiding shoes trim ring, guiding shoes contact, guiding shoes contact mount pad and guiding shoes cover plate composition; Described guiding shoes trim ring and described guiding shoes contact mount pad are threaded connection, and described guiding shoes contact is fixedly installed on the mount pad of described guiding shoes contact; Described slide block has counter sink, described guiding shoes contact mount pad has two threaded holes, by two screws and described guiding shoes cover plate, described guiding shoes contact mount pad is fixed on described slide block.
The material of described guide rail is quartz glass.
The material of described elasticity shoes contact is molybdenum disulfide.
The material of described guiding shoes contact is molybdenum disulfide.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: the optical grating graduating machine tool holder system that the present invention proposes adopts single square rail, and end face does load-bearing, leads in side, and load-bearing and guide function concentrate on a guide rail, reduces the difficulty of processing and assembling; Described slide block is separated setting with described delineation knife rest, when described slide block is subject to ectocine and weak vibrations occurs in sliding process, described knife rest installing plate can rotate around described bearing pin under the effect of described torsion spring, keep being placed in guiding shoes on described knife rest installing plate all the time with described guide rail contact, reach and keep described delineation knife rest and the constant object of grating relative position, make scoring process steady, reduce error during grating ruling, improve grating ruling precision; Described elasticity shoes be arranged so that described guiding shoes can with described guide rail close contact, described slide block will keep state comparatively stably in sliding process; In addition, grating ruling tool holder system size and the quality of the present invention's proposition are less, are applicable to scribing of large-area grating.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is optical grating graduating machine tool holder system structural representation in prior art;
Fig. 2 is optical grating graduating machine tool holder system structural front view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is optical grating graduating machine tool holder system structure left view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the elasticity shoes structural representation of optical grating graduating machine tool holder system of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the guiding shoes structural representation of optical grating graduating machine tool holder system of the present invention;
Wherein: 1, guide rail, 2, slide block, 201, horizontal surface, 202, first side surface, 203, second side surface, 3, guiding shoes, 301, guiding shoes cover plate, 302, guiding shoes contact mount pad, 303, guiding shoes contact, 304, guiding shoes trim ring, 4, adaptor, 5, torsion spring, 6, knife rest installing plate, 7, delineation knife rest, 8, elasticity shoes, 801, stage clip, 802, elasticity shoes seat, 803, guide holder, 804, elasticity shoes cover plate, 805, elasticity shoes contact mount pad, 806, elasticity shoes contact, 807, elasticity shoes trim ring, 9, guiding rail, 10, worktable.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described further.
See accompanying drawing 2 and accompanying drawing 3, optical grating graduating machine tool holder system of the present invention comprises guide rail 1, slide block 2, elasticity shoes 8, guiding shoes 3, adaptor 4, torsion spring 5, bearing pin, knife rest installing plate 6 and delineation knife rest 7; Described slide block 2 is in spill, and its concave inside has horizontal surface 201, first side surface 202 and the second side surface 203, and described horizontal surface 201 and the second side surface 203 settle described guiding shoes 3, and described first side surface 202 settles described elasticity shoes 8; Described slide block 2 is cross-placed on described guide rail 1, and is contacted with described guide rail 1 by described elasticity shoes 8 and guiding shoes 3, and described slide block 2 can slide along described guide rail 1.
Described adaptor 4 is fixedly connected with described slide block 2, described adaptor 4 is fixed by screws on described slide block 2, described knife rest installing plate 6 has relative top and bottom, bearing pin is through described adaptor 4, torsion spring 5 and knife rest installing plate 6 upper end, described bearing pin two ends are fixed on described adaptor 4 by nut, described knife rest installing plate 6 is flexibly connected with described adaptor 4 by described bearing pin, and can rotate around described bearing pin, described torsion spring 5 one end props up described adaptor 4, and the other end props up described knife rest installing plate 6.
Described guiding shoes 3 is settled in described knife rest installing plate 6 lower end, and described guiding shoes 3 contacts with described guide rail 1, and described delineation knife rest 7 is fixedly connected with described knife rest installing plate 6, and described delineation knife rest 7 is for installing notching knife, and described notching knife is used for ruling grating.
During described ruling tool for grating system works, described delineation knife rest 7 is followed described slide block 2 and is slided on guide rail 1, and described delineation knife rest 7 is delineated grating by notching knife in sliding process; When described slide block 2 is subject to ectocine and weak vibrations occurs in sliding process, described knife rest installing plate 6 rotates around described bearing pin under the effect of torsion spring 5, keep being placed in guiding shoes 3 on described knife rest installing plate 6 all the time with described guide rail contact, reach and maintain described delineation knife rest 7 object constant with grating relative position.
See accompanying drawing 4, described elasticity shoes 8 comprises elasticity shoes contact 806, elasticity shoes contact mount pad 805, elasticity shoes trim ring 807, elasticity shoes seat 802, guide holder 803, elasticity shoes cover plate 804 and stage clip 801; Wherein, described elasticity shoes contact 806 is fixedly installed in described elasticity shoes contact mount pad 805, and described elasticity shoes contact 806 contacts with described guide rail 1; Described elasticity shoes trim ring 807 is threaded with described elasticity shoes contact mount pad 805, for fixing described elasticity shoes contact 806; Described elasticity shoes contact mount pad 805 is placed in described elasticity shoes seat 802, can slide in described elasticity shoes seat 802; Described elasticity shoes seat 802 is fixedly connected with described slide block 2; Described elasticity shoes cover plate 804 covers on described elasticity shoes seat 802; Described guide holder 803 is slidably connected with described elasticity shoes seat 802, and described stage clip 801 is around described guide holder 803, and described stage clip 801 one end props up described elasticity shoes cover plate 804, and the other end props up described guide holder 803.
Described stage clip 801 1 aspect can provide towards the elastic force of described guide rail 1 described elasticity shoes contact 806, makes described elasticity shoes contact 806 and described guide rail 1 close contact; Described stage clip 801 provides the elastic force contrary with towards described guide rail 1 direction to described cover plate 804 on the other hand, this elastic force acts on described slide block 2 simultaneously, reach and make to be placed in the guiding shoes 3 on described second side surface C and the object of described guide rail 1 close contact, make described slide block 2 more steady in sliding process.
See accompanying drawing 5, described guiding shoes 3 comprises guiding shoes trim ring 304, guiding shoes contact 303, guiding shoes contact mount pad 302 and guiding shoes cover plate 301; Described guiding shoes trim ring 304 is threaded connection with described guiding shoes contact mount pad 302, and described guiding shoes contact 303 is fixedly installed on described guiding shoes contact mount pad 302.Described slide block 2 has counter sink, described guiding shoes contact mount pad 302 has two threaded holes, by two screws and described guiding shoes cover plate 301, described guiding shoes contact mount pad 302 is fixed on described slide block 2.
The material of described guide rail 2 is quartz glass, and the material of described elasticity shoes contact 806 is molybdenum disulfide, and the material of described guiding shoes contact 303 is molybdenum disulfide.
In describing the invention, term " interior ", " outward ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " on ", D score, " top ", the orientation of the instruction such as " end " or position relationship be based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, be only the present invention for convenience of description instead of require that the present invention with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore must can not be interpreted as limitation of the present invention.
It is more than the specific embodiment of the present invention; those skilled in the art will be understood that; above-mentioned embodiment is only used for the present invention is described; not be used for limiting protection scope of the present invention; any within the spirit and principles in the present invention scope; any modification of doing, equivalence replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. optical grating graduating machine tool holder system, comprise guide rail (1), slide block (2), knife rest installing plate (6) and delineation knife rest (7), it is characterized in that, also comprise elasticity shoes (8), guiding shoes (3), adaptor (4), torsion spring (5) and bearing pin, described slide block (2) is in spill, its concave inside has horizontal surface (201), first side surface (202) and the second side surface (203), described slide block (2) is cross-placed on described guide rail (1), and can slide along described guide rail (1), the horizontal surface (201) of described slide block (2) and the second side surface (203) are provided with guiding shoes (3), described first side surface (202) is provided with elasticity shoes (8), described elasticity shoes (8) all contacts with described guide rail (1) with guiding shoes (3), described adaptor (4) is fixedly connected with described slide block (2), described knife rest installing plate (6) has relative top and bottom, described bearing pin is through described adaptor (4), the upper end of torsion spring (5) and knife rest installing plate (6), described knife rest installing plate (6) is flexibly connected with described adaptor (4) by described bearing pin, and can rotate around described bearing pin, described torsion spring (5) one end props up described adaptor (4), the other end props up described knife rest installing plate (6), described guiding shoes (3) is settled in the lower end of described knife rest installing plate (6), described guiding shoes (3) contacts with described guide rail (1), described delineation knife rest (7) is fixedly connected with described knife rest installing plate (6), described elasticity shoes (8) will delineate knife rest (7), guiding shoes (3) is tightly pressed on the spigot surface of guide rail (1),
Described elasticity shoes (8) comprises elasticity shoes contact (806), elasticity shoes contact mount pad (805), elasticity shoes trim ring (807), elasticity shoes seat (802), guide holder (803), elasticity shoes cover plate (804) and stage clip (801); Described elasticity shoes contact (806) is fixedly installed in described elasticity shoes contact mount pad (805), and described elasticity shoes contact (806) contacts with described guide rail (1); Described elasticity shoes trim ring (807) is threaded with described elasticity shoes contact mount pad (805), for fixing described elasticity shoes contact (806); Described elasticity shoes contact (806) mount pad is placed in described elasticity shoes seat (802), can slide in described elasticity shoes seat (802); Described elasticity shoes seat (802) is fixedly connected with described slide block (2); Described elasticity shoes cover plate (804) covers on described elasticity shoes seat (802); Described guide holder (803) and described elasticity shoes seat (802) are slidably connected, described stage clip (801) is around described guide holder (803), described stage clip (801) one end props up described elasticity shoes cover plate (804), and the other end props up described guide holder (803).
2. optical grating graduating machine tool holder system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described bearing pin two ends are fixed on described adaptor (4) by nut.
3. optical grating graduating machine tool holder system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described guiding shoes (3) comprises guiding shoes trim ring (304), guiding shoes contact (303), guiding shoes contact mount pad (302) and guiding shoes cover plate (301) composition; Described guiding shoes trim ring (304) and described guiding shoes contact mount pad (302) are threaded connection, and described guiding shoes contact (303) is fixedly installed on described guiding shoes contact mount pad (302); (2) have counter sink to described slide block, described guiding shoes contact mount pad (302) there are two threaded holes, by two screws and described guiding shoes cover plate (301), described guiding shoes contact mount pad (302) are fixed on described slide block (2).
4. optical grating graduating machine tool holder system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the material of described guide rail (1) is quartz glass.
5. optical grating graduating machine tool holder system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the material of described elasticity shoes contact (806) is molybdenum disulfide.
6. optical grating graduating machine tool holder system according to claim 3, is characterized in that, the material of described guiding shoes contact (303) is molybdenum disulfide.
CN201310216246.8A 2013-06-03 2013-06-03 Cutter frame system of grating ruling engine Active CN103257384B (en)

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Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103645531B (en) * 2013-11-25 2015-11-25 中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所 A kind of large-area grating notching knife frame system
CN104385345B (en) * 2014-08-06 2016-10-26 长春理工大学 A kind of method using major and minor blade to carry out mechanical scratching diffraction grating
CN104536073B (en) * 2014-12-17 2017-06-23 中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所 A kind of grating icking tool active accommodation device with Abbe error calibration function
CN104516037B (en) * 2014-12-17 2017-07-14 中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所 A kind of mechanical scribing method of anaberration plane diffraction grating
CN106225649B (en) * 2016-08-09 2018-10-19 中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所 The measuring device and its measurement method of ruling tool for grating pitch angle
CN106247907B (en) * 2016-09-07 2018-10-19 中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所 The measuring device and its measurement method of grating scribing knife orientation angle
CN106814416B (en) * 2017-01-11 2019-05-21 中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所 Long-travel grating rose engine and its cutting tool assembly

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US4219933A (en) * 1978-07-10 1980-09-02 Hitachi, Ltd. Diffraction grating ruling engine
CN1727921A (en) * 2004-11-30 2006-02-01 中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所 A kind of large-area grating delineation machine knife bridge that has guiding closed force
CN201881412U (en) * 2010-11-12 2011-06-29 滑予嘉 Paper cutting machine

Patent Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4219933A (en) * 1978-07-10 1980-09-02 Hitachi, Ltd. Diffraction grating ruling engine
CN1727921A (en) * 2004-11-30 2006-02-01 中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所 A kind of large-area grating delineation machine knife bridge that has guiding closed force
CN201881412U (en) * 2010-11-12 2011-06-29 滑予嘉 Paper cutting machine

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