CN103256347A - Multi-clutch transmission provided with conflux planetary gear set - Google Patents

Multi-clutch transmission provided with conflux planetary gear set Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103256347A
CN103256347A CN2013101555008A CN201310155500A CN103256347A CN 103256347 A CN103256347 A CN 103256347A CN 2013101555008 A CN2013101555008 A CN 2013101555008A CN 201310155500 A CN201310155500 A CN 201310155500A CN 103256347 A CN103256347 A CN 103256347A
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China
Prior art keywords
clutch
gear
input
output shaft
shaft
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CN2013101555008A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103256347B (en
Inventor
徐立友
王笛
周志立
方树平
刘孟楠
时辉
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Henan University of Science and Technology
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Henan University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201310155500.8A priority Critical patent/CN103256347B/en
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Publication of CN103256347B publication Critical patent/CN103256347B/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H37/00Combinations of mechanical gearings, not provided for in groups F16H1/00 - F16H35/00
    • F16H37/02Combinations of mechanical gearings, not provided for in groups F16H1/00 - F16H35/00 comprising essentially only toothed or friction gearings
    • F16H37/04Combinations of toothed gearings only

Abstract

The invention relates to a multi-clutch transmission provided with a conflux planetary gear set. The multi-clutch transmission can meet requirements of multiple gears, and comprises a main input shaft, a main output shaft, multiple input side clutches and the conflux planetary gear set. The multiple input side clutches comprise an input end, at least two clutch output shafts and an input clutch mechanism. The conflux planetary gear set comprises a sun wheel input shaft, a planetary frame input shaft and a gear ring output shaft. A reverse gear set is arranged between the main input shaft and the sun wheel input shaft. The reverse gear set comprises a reverse driven gear assembled on the sun wheel input shaft in a sleeved and rotary mode, and is correspondingly provided with a reverse gear synchronizer. More than two input side gear shifting gear sets are arranged between each clutch output shaft and an input shaft of the planetary frame. Each gear shifting gear set comprises free gears, and synchronizers are distributed between the two adjacent free gears distributed in pairs. An output transmission mechanism used for transmitting output torque of the gear ring output shaft to the main output shaft is arranged between the gear ring output shaft and the main output shaft.

Description

Multi-clutch speed changer with the planet row of confluxing
Technical field
The present invention relates to have planet row's the multi-clutch speed changer of confluxing.
Background technique
Speed changer technical development at present is rapid, double-clutch automatic gearbox particularly, and its technology is comparative maturity and because it has solved the problem that the power transmission is interrupted preferably, uses more and more recently.For example application number is 20082009555.6, notification number is disclosed a kind of double clutch five gear automatic speed variators of the Chinese patent of CN201265630Y, comprise that for the primary input axle that connects power source, double clutch, jack shaft and the main output shaft that is connected with primary input shaft drive double clutch comprises with the coaxial input end that is in transmission connection of primary input axle, odd number shelves transmission shaft, even number shelves transmission shaft, reaches for the clutch mechanism of selecting input end and odd number shelves transmission shaft or even number shelves transmission shaft to be in transmission connection.Be equipped with between the corresponding section of described odd number shelves transmission shaft and even number shelves transmission shaft and jack shaft corresponding strange, even number shelves gear train and corresponding very, even number shelves synchronizer, very, even number shelves gear train includes at it and transmits the free gear that the overhead cover of the corresponding axle of moment of torsion rotates assembling, can a free gear in paired odd number shelves gear train or the even number shelves gear train during corresponding synchronizer action be connected to transmit moment of torsion with the place axle and another continues to keep sky to overlap.Because the corresponding odd number shelves of a clutch in the double clutch, the corresponding even number shelves of another clutch, when vehicle is hung into a gear, another clutch and corresponding next gear are in readiness by corresponding synchronizer, as long as separating, current gear just can engage next gear at once, therefore two clutch gearboxes select switching speed very fast, solved the problem that the power transmission is interrupted preferably.
Yet, though dual-clutch transmission of the prior art can solve the problem that the power transmission is interrupted preferably, but require under the more situation at applying working condition complexity, gear, existing dual-clutch transmission can't satisfy the demand for control under the above-mentioned situation.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide and a kind ofly can satisfy conflux planet row's multi-clutch speed changer of having of many gears demand.
The technical solution used in the present invention is: have the planet row's of confluxing multi-clutch speed changer, comprise housing, the primary input axle for the power input, the main output shaft of outputting power, also comprise the input side multi-clutch and conflux planet row; The input side multi-clutch comprises with the coaxial input end that is in transmission connection of primary input axle, at least two clutch output shafts and is used for the input clutch mechanism of selecting input end and one of them clutch output shaft to be in transmission connection; Sun gear, planet wheel, planet carrier and gear ring are drawn together in the described planet package of confluxing, also comprise sun gear input shaft to the sun gear input torque, to the planet carrier input shaft of planet carrier input torque and with the coaxial gear ring output shaft that is used for output torque that is in transmission connection of gear ring; Be provided with the reverse gearset that passes to the sun gear input shaft for the moment of torsion with the primary input axle between described primary input axle and the sun gear input shaft, described reverse gearset comprises that the reverse driving gear that is installed on the primary input axle and empty cover rotate the reverse gear driven gear that is assemblied on the sun gear input shaft, and described sun gear input shaft is provided with the reverse gear synchronizer of sun gear being braked for optionally the reverse gear driven gear being in transmission connection with the sun gear input shaft or brake structure corresponding on sun gear input shaft and the described housing being connected; Be equipped with the plural input side that passes to the planet carrier input shaft for the moment of torsion with input side multi-clutch output between described each root clutch output shaft and the planet carrier input shaft and select the change gear group, each described input side selects to include in the change gear group at it and transmits the free gear that the overhead cover of the corresponding axle of moment of torsion rotates assembling, corresponding with same clutch output shaft plural to select the free gear in the change gear group be to select the gear shift gear with one-to-one relationship adjacent arrangement in couples by what set, is provided with between the two paired free gears that another free gear continues to keep the empty synchronizer that overlaps for selecting this one of them right free gear and place axle to be connected; Be provided with the output driving mechanism that passes to main output shaft for the output torque with the gear ring output shaft between described gear ring output shaft and the described main output shaft.
Described output driving mechanism comprises the outlet side multi-clutch, described outlet side multi-clutch comprises and the coaxial output terminal that is in transmission connection of main output shaft, at least two clutch input shafts and be used for the output clutch mechanism of selecting output terminal and one of them clutch input shaft to be in transmission connection, be equipped with the plural outlet side that passes to the outlet side multi-clutch for the moment of torsion with gear ring output shaft output between described each root clutch input shaft and the gear ring output shaft and select the change gear group, each outlet side selects the change gear group to include at it and transmits the free gear that the overhead cover of the corresponding axle of moment of torsion rotates assembling, corresponding with same clutch input shaft plural to select the free gear in the change gear group be to select the gear shift gear with one-to-one relationship adjacent arrangement in couples by what set, is provided with between the two paired free gears that another free gear continues to keep the empty synchronizer that overlaps for selecting this one of them right free gear and place axle to be connected.
Described clutch output shaft comprises odd number shelves clutch output shaft and even number shelves clutch output shaft, and described input side selects the change gear group to comprise that two groups of corresponding with odd number shelves clutch output shaft and even number shelves clutch output shaft respectively odd number shelves input sides select change gear group and two groups of even number shelves input sides to select the change gear group; Described clutch input shaft comprises odd number shelves clutch input shaft and even number shelves clutch input shaft, and described outlet side selects the change gear group to comprise that two groups of corresponding with odd number shelves clutch input shaft and even number shelves clutch input shaft respectively odd number shelves outlet sides select change gear group and two groups of even number shelves outlet sides to select the change gear group.
Described input side multi-clutch is provided with for the load output shaft to the load output torque of correspondence.
Described multi-clutch speed changer with the planet row of confluxing be provided with for the corresponding input side clutch mechanism of control and output clutch mechanism by the clutch operation of setting the rule action, be used for the selector device that selects of each described synchronizer action of control.
Described multi-clutch speed changer with the planet row of confluxing comprises corresponding described primary input axle, main output shaft, each clutch output shaft, each clutch input shaft, the sun gear input shaft, the planet carrier input shaft, the speed probe for detection of the rotating speed of each root axle that gear ring output shaft and load output shaft arrange, also comprise be used to the rotary speed information that obtains described speed probe and according to rotary speed information and control described clutch operation and the electronic control unit that selects the selector device action, the signal output part of speed probe is connected with the signal input part of electronic control unit, electronic control unit and described clutch operation and select the selector device control connection.
Adopt the technique scheme among the present invention, pass through reverse gearset, the reverse gear synchronizer can be optionally in the planet row of confluxing sun gear input shaft input torque or the sun gear input shaft braked, by the input side multi-clutch, corresponding change gear group and the synchronizer of selecting, can equal the rotating speed of product of the group number that selects the change gear group of each clutch output shaft correspondence to planet carrier input shaft input kind of the number among the planet row of confluxing, conflux by the planet row of confluxing again, gear ring can equal the rotating speed of product of the group number that selects the change gear group of each clutch output shaft correspondence to gear ring output shaft output kind of number, and then export to main output shaft by output transmission structure, and when the reverse gear synchronizer is braked sun gear, can realize forward gears output, when the reverse gear synchronizer is in transmission connection sun gear input shaft and reverse gear driven gear, can realize reverse gear output, realized more gear with better simply structure, the gear wide ranges can satisfy many gears demand.And by outlet side multi-clutch, corresponding change gear group and the synchronizer of selecting, a certain rotating speed that the gear ring output shaft obtains can be transformed into again the rotating speed of product that kind of number equals the group number that selects the change gear group of each clutch output shaft correspondence and obtain more rotating speed.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1: the present invention has an embodiment's the structural representation of the planet row's of confluxing multi-clutch speed changer.
The name of each reference character correspondence is called among the figure: the 1-main output shaft, the 2-speed probe, the 3-housing, 4-outlet side multi-clutch shell, 5-outlet side even number shelves clutch, 6-outlet side odd number shelves clutch, 7-outlet side I shelves driven gear, 8-outlet side III shelves driven gear, 9-odd number shelves clutch input shaft, 10-even number shelves clutch input shaft, 11-outlet side II shelves driven gear, 12-outlet side IV shelves driven gear, 13-load output shaft, 14-even number shelves clutch output shaft, 15-input side IV shelves driving gear, 16-input side II shelves driving gear, 17-odd number shelves clutch output shaft, 18-input side III shelves driving gear, 19-input side I shelves driving gear, 20-input side odd number shelves clutch, 21-input side multi-clutch shell, 22-clutch operation, 23-input side even number shelves clutch, 24-load output clutch, 25-reverse driving gear, 26-primary input axle, the 27-motor, 28-reverse gear driven gear, 29-reverse gear synchronizer, 30-sun gear input shaft, 31-input side odd number shelves synchronizer, 32-input side I shelves driven gear, 33-input side III shelves driven gear, 34-input side II shelves driven gear, 35-input side even number shelves synchronizer, 36-input side IV shelves driven gear, 37-planet carrier input shaft, 38-planet carrier, the 39-planet wheel, the 40-gear ring, 41-sun gear, 42-gear ring output shaft, 43-outlet side I shelves driving gear, 44-outlet side even number shelves synchronizer, 45-outlet side III shelves driving gear, 46-outlet side II shelves driving gear, 47-outlet side odd number shelves synchronizer, 48-outlet side IV shelves driving gear, 49-selects selector device, the 50-electronic control unit.
Embodiment
The present invention have the planet row of confluxing the multi-clutch speed changer an embodiment as shown in Figure 1, comprise housing 3, be in transmission connection in main output shaft 1, input side multi-clutch, outlet side multi-clutch and the planet that confluxes row as the primary input axle 26 for the power input on the motor 27 of power source, outputting power, also comprise by the clutch operation 22 of correspondence, the control system of speed variator that selects selector device 49, speed probe 2 and electronic control unit 50 etc. to constitute.
The input side multi-clutch comprises input side multi-clutch shell 21, with the primary input axle 26 coaxial input ends that are in transmission connection, three clutch output shafts and be used for the input clutch mechanism of selecting input end and one of them clutch output shaft to be in transmission connection, input end and corresponding clutch output shaft, the input clutch mechanism is equivalent to a clutch, clutch output shaft in the present embodiment comprises odd number shelves clutch output shaft 17, even number shelves clutch output shaft 14 and load output shaft 13, corresponding input side multi-clutch comprises input side odd number shelves clutch 20, input side even number shelves clutch 23 and load output clutch 24.Wherein load output shaft 13 is solid shaft forms, is used for driving utensil work such as corresponding farm implements, and odd number shelves clutch output shaft 17 and even number shelves clutch output shaft 14 are coaxial axle sleeve forms that are set on the load output shaft 13.
The outlet side multi-clutch comprises outlet side multi-clutch shell 4, with the main output shaft 1 coaxial output terminal that is in transmission connection, two clutch input shafts be used for the output clutch mechanism of selecting output terminal and one of them clutch input shaft to be in transmission connection, output terminal and corresponding clutch input shaft, output clutch mechanism are equivalent to a clutch, clutch input shaft in the present embodiment comprises odd number shelves clutch input shaft 9 and even number shelves clutch input shaft 10, and corresponding outlet side multi-clutch comprises outlet side odd number shelves clutch 6 and outlet side even number shelves clutch 5.Wherein even number shelves clutch input shaft 10 is solid shaft forms, and odd number shelves clutch input shaft 9 is coaxial axle sleeve forms that are set on the even number shelves clutch input shaft 10.
Sun gear 41, planet wheel 39, planet carrier 38 and gear ring 40 are drawn together in the described planet package of confluxing, and also comprise sun gear input shaft 30 to sun gear 41 input torques, the gear ring output shaft 42 to the planet carrier input shaft 37 of planet carrier 38 output torques and the moment of torsion that will conflux through sun gear 41 and planet carrier 38 with gear ring 40 coaxial being in transmission connection to the exclusive output of planet of confluxing.Wherein sun gear input shaft 30 is solid shaft forms, and planet carrier input shaft 37 is coaxial axle sleeve forms that are set on the sun gear input shaft 30.Be provided with the reverse gearset that passes to sun gear input shaft 30 for the moment of torsion with primary input axle 26 between described primary input axle 26 and the sun gear input shaft 30, described reverse gearset comprises that the reverse driving gear 25 and the empty cover that are installed on the primary input axle 26 rotate the reverse gear driven gear 28 that is assemblied on the sun gear input shaft 30, described sun gear input shaft 30 is provided with reverse gear synchronizer 29, be used for optionally reverse gear driven gear 28 and sun gear input shaft 30 being in transmission connection, or sun gear input shaft 30 and corresponding shell 3 be connected and with sun gear 41 brakings.
Be equipped with two input sides that pass to planet carrier input shaft 37 for the moment of torsion with outlet side multi-clutch output between described odd number shelves clutch output shaft 17 and even number shelves clutch output shaft 14 and the planet carrier input shaft 37 and select the change gear group, comprise that the two group odd number shelves input sides corresponding with odd number shelves clutch output shaft 17 select the change gear group and select the change gear group with the corresponding two groups of even number shelves input sides of even number shelves clutch output shaft 14.
Select the gear shift gear according to what set, two groups of odd number shelves input sides select the change gear group to be respectively input side I shelves to select change gear group, input side III shelves to select the change gear group.Input side I shelves select the change gear group to comprise to be installed in the input side I shelves driving gear 19 on the odd number shelves clutch output shaft 17, empty cover to rotate to be assemblied on the planet carrier input shaft 37 and with the input side I shelves driven gear 32 of input side I shelves driving gear 19 engagement driving, input side III shelves select the change gear group to comprise to be installed in the input side III shelves driving gear 18 on the odd number shelves clutch output shaft 17, empty cover to rotate to be assemblied on the planet carrier input shaft 37 and with the input side III shelves driven gear 33 of input side III shelves driving gear 18 engagement driving.Input side I shelves driven gear 32 and input side III shelves driven gear 33 are with one-to-one relationship adjacent arrangement in couples, are provided with between the two that another continues to keep the empty input side odd number shelves synchronizer 31 that overlaps for one of them that select both is connected with planet carrier input shaft 37.
Select the gear shift gear according to what set, two groups of even number shelves input sides select the change gear group to be respectively input side II shelves and select the change gear group, input side IV shelves select the change gear group, input side II shelves select the change gear group to comprise to be installed in the input side II shelves driving gear 16 on the odd number shelves clutch output shaft 17, empty cover rotate be assemblied on the planet carrier input shaft 37 and with the input side II shelves driven gear 34 of input side II shelves driving gear 16 engagement driving, input side IV shelves select the change gear group to comprise to be installed in the input side IV shelves driving gear 15 on the odd number shelves clutch output shaft 17, empty cover rotate be assemblied on the planet carrier input shaft 37 and with the input side IV shelves driven gear 36 of input side IV shelves driving gear 15 engagement driving.Input side II shelves driven gear 34 and input side IV shelves driven gear 36 are with one-to-one relationship adjacent arrangement in couples, are provided with between the two that another continues to keep the empty input side even number shelves synchronizer 35 that overlaps for one of them that select both is connected with planet carrier input shaft 37.
Described clutch input shaft comprises odd number shelves clutch input shaft 9 and even number shelves clutch input shaft 10, described outlet side selects the change gear group to comprise that the two group odd number shelves outlet sides corresponding with odd number shelves clutch input shaft 9 select the change gear group and select the change gear group with the corresponding two groups of even number shelves outlet sides of even number shelves clutch input shaft 10.
Select the gear shift gear according to what set, two groups of odd number shelves outlet sides select the change gear group to be respectively outlet side I shelves and select the change gear group, outlet side III shelves select the change gear group, outlet side I shelves select the change gear group to comprise that empty cover rotates the outlet side I shelves driving gear 43 that is assemblied on the gear ring output shaft 42, be installed on the odd number shelves clutch output shaft 17 and with the outlet side I shelves driven gear 7 of outlet side I shelves driving gear 43 engagement driving, outlet side III shelves select the change gear group to comprise that empty cover rotates the outlet side III shelves driving gear 45 that is assemblied on the gear ring output shaft 42, be installed on the odd number shelves clutch output shaft 17 and with the outlet side III shelves driven gear 8 of outlet side III shelves driving gear 45 engagement driving.Outlet side I shelves driven gear 7 and outlet side III shelves driven gear 8 are with one-to-one relationship adjacent arrangement in couples, are provided with between the two that another continues to keep the empty outlet side odd number shelves synchronizer 47 that overlaps for one of them that select both is connected with gear ring output shaft 42.
Select the gear shift gear according to what set, two groups of even number shelves outlet sides select the change gear group to be respectively outlet side II shelves and select the change gear group, outlet side IV shelves select the change gear group, outlet side II shelves select the change gear group to comprise that empty cover rotates the outlet side II shelves driving gear 46 that is assemblied on the gear ring output shaft 42, be installed in the outlet side II shelves driven gear 11 on the even number shelves clutch output shaft 14, outlet side IV shelves select the change gear group to comprise that empty cover rotates the outlet side IV shelves driving gear 48 that is assemblied on the gear ring output shaft 42, be installed in the outlet side IV shelves driven gear 12 on the even number shelves clutch output shaft 14.Outlet side II shelves driven gear 11 and outlet side IV shelves driven gear 12 are with one-to-one relationship adjacent arrangement in couples, are provided with between the two that another continues to keep the empty outlet side even number shelves synchronizer 44 that overlaps for one of them that select both is connected with gear ring output shaft 42.
Certainly, to select velocity ratio in the change gear group be to select the setting of gear shift gear according to what set to each group.
Above-mentioned input side multi-clutch is provided with corresponding odd number shelves clutch output shaft 17 and even number shelves clutch output shaft 14, the outlet side multi-clutch is provided with corresponding odd number shelves clutch input shaft 9 and even number shelves clutch input shaft 10, with corresponding odd number shelves select change gear and and the even number shelves select change gear group and corresponding synchronizer cooperation, can utilize dual-clutch transmission technology as described in the background art, when selecting gear shift, solve the problem that torque transfer is interrupted preferably.Certainly, in other embodiments, iff not considering the power interruption problem in order to realize many grades of outputs, respectively select the change gear group can be arranged to above-mentioned strange, even form arranged apart.
The planet that confluxes comes planet row and confluxes and satisfy planet row characteristic equation in the process:
n t+αn q=(1+α)n j
In the formula, n tBe the rotating speed of sun gear 41, n qBe the rotating speed of gear ring 40, n jBe the rotating speed of planet carrier 38, α is planet row special parameter.
Reverse gear synchronizer 29 according to figure left side and reverse gear driven gear 28 in conjunction with the time, sun gear 41 rotating speeds are non-vanishing, when satisfying n i>(1+ α) n jThe time, mechanism can realize reverse gear output, the input side multi-clutch can be to 4 kinds of rotating speeds of planet carrier 38 outputs, gear ring 40 exportable 4 kinds of rotating speeds after the planet row of confluxing is confluxed, equally, the outlet side multi-clutch can become the transformation of speed of gear ring output shaft 42 4 kinds from main output shaft 1 output, thereby realizes 4 * 4 kinds of reverse gear outputs.Reverse gear synchronizer 29 according to figure right side and housing 3 in conjunction with the time, sun gear 41 brakings, rotating speed is zero, the input side multi-clutch can be to 4 kinds of forward gears rotating speeds of planet carrier 38 outputs, gear ring 40 exportable 4 kinds of forward gearss speed of walking around after the planet row of confluxing is confluxed, equally, the outlet side multi-clutch can become the transformation of speed of gear ring output shaft 42 4 kinds from main output shaft 1 output, thereby realizes that 4 * 4 kinds of forward gearss transfer out.Therefore, the present invention adopts the technological scheme of above-described embodiment, can realize 16 kinds of forward gears rotating speeds and 16 kinds of reverse gear rotating speeds, has realized more gear with better simply structure, and the gear wide ranges can satisfy the various operation operating modes of tractor to the requirement of speed.
Clutch operation 22 is used for control input side multi-clutch and the outlet side multi-clutch moves by setting rule, select selector device to be used to control each described synchronizer action, input side multi-clutch and outlet side multi-clutch move relatively independent being independent of each other each other.The multi-clutch speed changer also comprises corresponding described primary input axle 26, main output shaft 1, each clutch output shaft, each clutch input shaft, sun gear input shaft 30, planet carrier input shaft 37, the speed probe 2 for detection of the rotating speed of each root axle that gear ring output shaft 42 and load output shaft 13 arranges, the signal output part of speed probe 2 is connected with the signal input part of electronic control unit 50, electronic control unit 50 can obtain the rotary speed information of described speed probe 2 and control described clutch operation 22 and select selector device 49 actions according to rotary speed information, and electronic control unit 50 is with described clutch operation 22 and select selector device 49 control connections.During work, the running state of 2 pairs of speed changers of each rotating speed speed probe is identified and is judged, according to the process of power shift of setting that selects, when needs select gear-change operation, by clutch operation 22 with select selector device 49 to control the operation that each clutch and each synchronizer select the gear shift action, realization automatic speed changing respectively.
When the present invention has the planet row's of confluxing multi-clutch speed changer work, the transfer route of each grade is similar, transfer principle is identical, tell about specifically hereinafter that reverse gear is the most high-grade, reverse gear lowest order and forward gears is the most high-grade, state and the power transmission line of each parts during four kinds of situations of forward gears lowest gear, the rest may be inferred for all the other gears, no longer specifically narration.
Forward gears lowest gear: load output clutch 24 combinations, carry out load output, 20 combinations of input side odd number shelves clutch, 5 combinations of outlet side even number shelves clutch, input side odd number shelves synchronizer 31 is according to figure left side combination, outlet side even number shelves synchronizer 44 is according to figure left side combination, and reverse gear synchronizer 29 is according to figure left side combination.Power transmission line is: reach odd number shelves clutch input shaft 9 by primary input axle 26, engagement through input side I shelves main driven gear 19 reaches planet carrier input shaft 37, reach gear ring output shaft 42 by planet carrier input shaft 37 and the planet row of confluxing, reach even number shelves clutch output shaft 14 through the driving and driven gear meshing of outlet side IV shelves, reach main output shaft 1 at last.
Forward gears is the most high-grade: 24 combinations of load output clutch, carry out load output, second clutch C2 combination, 6 combinations of outlet side odd number shelves clutch, input side even number shelves synchronizer 35 is according to the combination of figure right side, outlet side odd number shelves synchronizer 47 is according to the combination of figure right side, and reverse gear synchronizer 29 is according to figure left side combination.Power transmission line is: reach even number shelves clutch input shaft 10 by primary input axle 26, reach planet carrier input shaft 37 through the driving and driven gear meshing of input side IV shelves, reach gear ring output shaft 42 by planet carrier input shaft 37 and the planet row of confluxing, reach odd number shelves clutch output shaft 17 through the master and slave gear meshing of outlet side I shelves, reach main output shaft 1 at last.
The reverse gear lowest gear: 24 combinations of load output clutch, carry out load output, second clutch C2 combination, 6 combinations of outlet side odd number shelves clutch, input side even number shelves synchronizer 35 is according to the combination of figure right side, and outlet side odd number shelves synchronizer 47 is according to the combination of figure right side, and reverse gear synchronizer 29 is according to the combination of figure right side.Power transmission line is: a route primary input axle 26 reaches even number shelves clutch input shaft 10, reach planet carrier input shaft 37 through the driving and driven gear meshing of input side IV shelves, another route primary input axle 26 reaches sun gear input shaft 30, two-way converges through the planet row of confluxing and reaches gear ring output shaft 42, reach odd number shelves clutch output shaft 17 through the master and slave gear meshing of outlet side I shelves, reach main output shaft 1 at last.
Reverse gear is the most high-grade: 24 combinations of load output clutch, carry out load output, 20 combinations of input side odd number shelves clutch, 5 combinations of outlet side even number shelves clutch, input side odd number shelves synchronizer 31 is according to figure left side combination, outlet side even number shelves synchronizer 44 is according to figure left side combination, and reverse gear synchronizer 29 is according to the combination of figure right side.Power transmission line is: a route primary input axle 26 reaches odd number shelves clutch input shaft 9, engagement through the driving and driven gear 19 of input side I shelves reaches planet carrier input shaft 37, another route primary input axle 26 reaches sun gear input shaft 30, two-way converges through the planet row of confluxing and reaches gear ring output shaft 42, reach even number shelves clutch output shaft 14 through the driving and driven gear meshing of outlet side IV shelves, reach main output shaft 1 at last.
In the above embodiment of the present invention, what the output driving mechanism between described gear ring output shaft and the described main output shaft adopted is the mechanism that comprises outlet side multi-clutch, corresponding clutch input shaft and corresponding synchronizer, utilized dual-clutch transmission technology in the background technique, in other embodiments, above-mentioned output driving mechanism also can replace to other forms, for example a pair of intermeshing fixed axis gear perhaps adopts coupling, directly gear ring output shaft and main output shaft is in transmission connection etc.
In the above embodiment of the present invention, input side is strange, even number shelves synchronizer is that corresponding planet carrier input shaft 37 arranges, outlet side is strange, even number shelves synchronizer is that corresponding gear ring output shaft 42 arranges, in other embodiments of the invention, input side is strange, even number shelves synchronizer also can be distinguished corresponding strange, even number shelves clutch output shaft setting, and outlet side is strange, even number shelves synchronizer also can be distinguished corresponding strange, even number shelves clutch input shaft setting.In addition, input side multi-clutch and planet carrier input shaft 37 corresponding clutch output shafts also can be set to more than three, outlet side multi-clutch and gear ring output shaft 42 corresponding clutch input shafts also can be arranged to more than three, and with reference to the above-mentioned change gear group of selecting, the corresponding axle that increases arrange comprise free gear more than two groups select the change gear group, corresponding increasing selects change gear group and synchronizer simultaneously, can adapt to the gear demand of greater number.Similarly, increase the group number that selects the change gear group on each clutch output shaft or the clutch input shaft, also can adapt to the gear demand of greater number.And the load output shaft 13 that arranges on the input side multi-clutch in above-described embodiment is nonessential structure, also can save in other embodiments.

Claims (6)

1. the multi-clutch speed changer that has the planet row of confluxing comprises housing, the primary input axle for the power input, the main output shaft of outputting power, it is characterized in that: also comprise the input side multi-clutch and conflux planet row; The input side multi-clutch comprises with the coaxial input end that is in transmission connection of primary input axle, at least two clutch output shafts and is used for the input clutch mechanism of selecting input end and one of them clutch output shaft to be in transmission connection; Sun gear, planet wheel, planet carrier and gear ring are drawn together in the described planet package of confluxing, also comprise sun gear input shaft to the sun gear input torque, to the planet carrier input shaft of planet carrier input torque and with the coaxial gear ring output shaft that is used for output torque that is in transmission connection of gear ring; Be provided with the reverse gearset that passes to the sun gear input shaft for the moment of torsion with the primary input axle between described primary input axle and the sun gear input shaft, described reverse gearset comprises that the reverse driving gear that is installed on the primary input axle and empty cover rotate the reverse gear driven gear that is assemblied on the sun gear input shaft, and described sun gear input shaft is provided with the reverse gear synchronizer of sun gear being braked for optionally the reverse gear driven gear being in transmission connection with the sun gear input shaft or brake structure corresponding on sun gear input shaft and the described housing being connected; Be equipped with the plural input side that passes to the planet carrier input shaft for the moment of torsion with input side multi-clutch output between described each root clutch output shaft and the planet carrier input shaft and select the change gear group, each described input side selects to include in the change gear group at it and transmits the free gear that the overhead cover of the corresponding axle of moment of torsion rotates assembling, corresponding with same clutch output shaft plural to select the free gear in the change gear group be to select the gear shift gear with one-to-one relationship adjacent arrangement in couples by what set, is provided with between the two paired free gears that another free gear continues to keep the empty synchronizer that overlaps for selecting this one of them right free gear and place axle to be connected; Be provided with the output driving mechanism that passes to main output shaft for the output torque with the gear ring output shaft between described gear ring output shaft and the described main output shaft.
2. the multi-clutch speed changer with the planet row of confluxing according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described output driving mechanism comprises the outlet side multi-clutch, described outlet side multi-clutch comprises and the coaxial output terminal that is in transmission connection of main output shaft, at least two clutch input shafts and be used for the output clutch mechanism of selecting output terminal and one of them clutch input shaft to be in transmission connection, be equipped with the plural outlet side that passes to the outlet side multi-clutch for the moment of torsion with gear ring output shaft output between described each root clutch input shaft and the gear ring output shaft and select the change gear group, each outlet side selects the change gear group to include at it and transmits the free gear that the overhead cover of the corresponding axle of moment of torsion rotates assembling, corresponding with same clutch input shaft plural to select the free gear in the change gear group be to select the gear shift gear with one-to-one relationship adjacent arrangement in couples by what set, is provided with between the two paired free gears that another free gear continues to keep the empty synchronizer that overlaps for selecting this one of them right free gear and place axle to be connected.
3. the multi-clutch speed changer with the planet row of confluxing according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described clutch output shaft comprises odd number shelves clutch output shaft and even number shelves clutch output shaft, and described input side selects the change gear group to comprise that two groups of corresponding with odd number shelves clutch output shaft and even number shelves clutch output shaft respectively odd number shelves input sides select change gear group and two groups of even number shelves input sides to select the change gear group; Described clutch input shaft comprises odd number shelves clutch input shaft and even number shelves clutch input shaft, and described outlet side selects the change gear group to comprise that two groups of corresponding with odd number shelves clutch input shaft and even number shelves clutch input shaft respectively odd number shelves outlet sides select change gear group and two groups of even number shelves outlet sides to select the change gear group.
4. according to claim 2 or 3 described multi-clutch speed changers with the planet row of confluxing, it is characterized in that: described input side multi-clutch is provided with for the load output shaft to the load output torque of correspondence.
5. the multi-clutch speed changer with the planet row of confluxing according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described multi-clutch speed changer with the planet row of confluxing be provided with for the corresponding input side clutch mechanism of control and output clutch mechanism by the clutch operation of setting the rule action, be used for the selector device that selects of each described synchronizer action of control.
6. the multi-clutch speed changer with the planet row of confluxing according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described multi-clutch speed changer with the planet row of confluxing comprises corresponding described primary input axle, main output shaft, each clutch output shaft, each clutch input shaft, the sun gear input shaft, the planet carrier input shaft, the speed probe for detection of the rotating speed of each root axle that gear ring output shaft and load output shaft arrange, also comprise be used to the rotary speed information that obtains described speed probe and according to rotary speed information and control described clutch operation and the electronic control unit that selects the selector device action, the signal output part of speed probe is connected with the signal input part of electronic control unit, electronic control unit and described clutch operation and select the selector device control connection.
CN201310155500.8A 2013-04-28 2013-04-28 Multi-clutch transmission provided with conflux planetary gear set Expired - Fee Related CN103256347B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104074931A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-10-01 安徽江淮汽车股份有限公司 Multi-clutch transmission drive unit

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101280826A (en) * 2008-05-13 2008-10-08 华南理工大学 Power shift type automatic transmission system
CN101592212A (en) * 2009-07-09 2009-12-02 浙江长泰机械有限公司 A kind of light vehicle transmission with major and minor case
CN101592211A (en) * 2009-07-09 2009-12-02 浙江长泰机械有限公司 Light vehicle transmission with major and minor case
JP2010151159A (en) * 2008-12-24 2010-07-08 Hitachi Nico Transmission Co Ltd Twin clutch type transmission for railway motor car
CN102966706A (en) * 2011-03-30 2013-03-13 浙江万里扬变速器股份有限公司 Three-shaft double-clutch speed changer
CN203248625U (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-10-23 河南科技大学 Multi-clutch transmission with convergent planetary row

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101280826A (en) * 2008-05-13 2008-10-08 华南理工大学 Power shift type automatic transmission system
JP2010151159A (en) * 2008-12-24 2010-07-08 Hitachi Nico Transmission Co Ltd Twin clutch type transmission for railway motor car
CN101592212A (en) * 2009-07-09 2009-12-02 浙江长泰机械有限公司 A kind of light vehicle transmission with major and minor case
CN101592211A (en) * 2009-07-09 2009-12-02 浙江长泰机械有限公司 Light vehicle transmission with major and minor case
CN102966706A (en) * 2011-03-30 2013-03-13 浙江万里扬变速器股份有限公司 Three-shaft double-clutch speed changer
CN203248625U (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-10-23 河南科技大学 Multi-clutch transmission with convergent planetary row

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104074931A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-10-01 安徽江淮汽车股份有限公司 Multi-clutch transmission drive unit

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