CN103240927B - Reinforced cement machine-made board with three-dimensional cavity fiber structure and production method of board - Google Patents

Reinforced cement machine-made board with three-dimensional cavity fiber structure and production method of board Download PDF

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CN103240927B
CN103240927B CN201310170598.4A CN201310170598A CN103240927B CN 103240927 B CN103240927 B CN 103240927B CN 201310170598 A CN201310170598 A CN 201310170598A CN 103240927 B CN103240927 B CN 103240927B
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fiber
dimensional
fibre
cement
architectural
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CN201310170598.4A
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CN103240927A (en
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熊吉如
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南京倍立达新材料系统工程股份有限公司
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Abstract

The invention relates to a reinforced cement machine-made board with a three-dimensional cavity fiber structure and a production method of the board, and particularly relates to a novel building material and product, which adopt a mechanical production process, are high in strength, light in weight and abundant in decorative effect, and are realized by forming a cavity structure by three-dimensional cavity connection bodies and compounding and filling a high-performance anti-cracking cement base material. A product comprises a bottom layer, a three-dimensional fiber cavity layer and a decorative surface layer, wherein the decorative surface layer is made of decorative surface layer mortar; the decorative surface layer is arranged at the upper part of the three-dimensional fiber cavity layer; the decorative surface layer is connected with the three-dimensional fiber cavity layer; the three-dimensional fiber cavity layer is formed by filling high-performance anti-cracking cement slurry into the three-dimensional cavity connection bodies; and the three-dimensional fiber cavity layer is connected with the bottom layer and the bottom layer is made of the high-performance anti-cracking cement slurry. The product is mainly applied to outer wall decoration and indoor engineering construction of buildings, and constructions of roads, bridges and the like with high requirements on the strength and the durability of the cement base material.

Description

Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate and production method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate and production method thereof, refer to by three-dimensional fiber connector formation cavity body structure specifically, composite filled high-performance cracking resistance cement-based material, realize a kind of adopt mechanical productive technology, high-strength light, decorative effect abundant New Building Materials and goods.Product is mainly used in decorating outer wall of building, indoor engineering construction, and to the road that cement matrix intensity and durability have higher requirements, in the construction such as bridge.
Technical background
In the application of modern architecture exterior wall, more three-dimensional more succinct decorative encasing requires to make macroplate curtain wall product become the trend of domestic and international general development, and the safety of structure of skyscraper claims to lighting, standardization curtain wall material again simultaneously.Traditional architecture curtain wall material stone product difficulty of processing is high, fragility is large, weight is large; Metal curtain wall decorative effect is simple, intensity difference, yielding; Precast concrete is too heavy, is all not suitable for being applied in skyscraper macroplate structure.And glass curtain wall is due to poor stability, the light pollution seriously frequent glass rain that causes in city endangers.
In this case, fiber reinforced cement product is subject to domestic and international Experts ' Attention due to high-strength light, decorative effect is given prominence to, plasticity is high advantage, generally adopt injection or pouring technology to prepare fibre reinforced cement in industry and have goods, there are two large shortcomings: one is because fiber is three-dimensional incorgruous distribution in this technique, mechanics strengthens DeGrain, the size of product is subject to larger restriction, can only prepare small building component.Two be half manualization production technology make product cannot standardization, large-scale production, stability is poor.Many producers adopt and lay the technique that multi-layer fiber grid cloth compensates refinforced cement based articles on this basis, by fiber two dimension directional profile, fiber mechanics utilization ratio can be improve to a certain extent, the structure stress that simultaneously also result in different directions is uneven, easily causes when preparing macroplate the shortcoming that cracking, rupture strength are low.Therefore the inevitable requirement that macroplate fibre reinforced cement mechanism plate product becomes market development is prepared.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to for above-mentioned weak point, a kind of Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate and production method thereof are provided, three-dimensional fiber connector is adopted to form cavity body structure, composite filled high performance cement-based material, by mechanical production line, realize a kind of high-strength light, decorative effect enriches, the comparatively large and mechanism plate product that can cut of stable performance, dimensions.
Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate of the present invention and production method thereof take following technical scheme to realize:
Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate comprises bottom, three-dimensional fiber cavity layer and architectural surface.Architectural surface is made up of architectural surface mortar, and architectural surface is arranged on three-dimensional fiber cavity layer top, and architectural surface connects three-dimensional fiber cavity layer; Three-dimensional fiber cavity layer is filled high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry by three-dimensional fiber connector and is made; Three-dimensional fiber cavity layer connects bottom, and bottom is made up of high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry.
The three-dimensional glass fiber rack that described three-dimensional fiber connector is woven by short glass fiber, or with high modulus fibre compound low elastic modulus short fiber braiding hybrid three-dimensional fiber rack.
Described high modulus fibre refers to that elastic modelling quantity is higher than concrete fibrous material, selects one or several in carbon fiber, glass fibre, steel fibre, basalt fibre; Described low elastic modulus short fiber refers to that elastic modelling quantity is lower than concrete fibrous material, selects one or more in PP fiber, PVA fiber, PU fiber, nylon fiber.
A kind of production method of Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate:
1), by cement, aggregate, inorganic antimitotic agent, polymer, additive, active material, water according to the mixing of following weight per distribution ratio, architectural surface mortar after stirring, is made.Wherein raw material weight per distribution ratio is:
Cement 20-45%
Aggregate 25-60%
Inorganic antimitotic agent 0.1-6%
Polymer 0.1-2.5%
Additive 0.1-2%
Active material 0.1-5%
Water 8-20%
One or more in sand, microlith, glass chip, ceramic chip, metal fragment, shell chip, mica flake selected by described aggregate;
Described inorganic antimitotic agent adopts: the combination of crystal expanding admixture, microcrystalline cellulose material, inorganic stabilizers forms by the configuration of 60:30:10 weight proportion;
Described architectural surface mortar can add pigment according to actual requirement, and pigment weight proportioning accounts for architectural surface mortar total amount 0.1-5%.
Described pigment selects pigment powder or liquid pigment;
Described polymer adopts without the silicone-modified poly-acrylic emulsion of soap, without the silicone-modified benzene emulsion of soap, without the one in the silicone-modified Silicone acrylic emulsion of soap.
Described additive can adopt one or more in water reducer, antifreezing agent, early strength agent, thickener, set retarder.
Described active material can adopt one or more in metakaolin, flyash, breeze, stone flour, silicon ash.
2), in pipelined port place supporting plate by sucker manipulator, supporting plate transports with production line, lays PVA coiled material or brown paper as shaping auxiliary material before cloth mouth.
3), the surface layer mortar that will configure, be pumped to cloth mouth after-pouring on supporting plate, after shaking 10-20 minute by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form the thick architectural surface of 5-9mm;
4), architectural surface initial set is after 10-20 minute, and transmitted by conveyer belt, three-dimensional fiber connector is laid on architectural surface by automatics, forms Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure.
5), cement, water, ultrafine quartz powder, active material, high modulus fibre, low elastic modulus fiber, silicone-modified polymer, additive, nano material, inorganic antimitotic agent are mixed according to following weight per distribution ratio, stir and make high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry, wherein raw material weight per distribution ratio is:
Cement 23-51%
Water 10-18%
Ultrafine quartz powder 25-48%
Active material 4-10%
High modulus fibre 0.4-2%
Low elastic modulus fiber 0.1-1%
Polymer 0.5-4%
Additive 0.1-2%
Nano material 1-5%
Inorganic antimitotic agent 0.1-6%
Described active material can adopt one or more in metakaolin, flyash, breeze, stone flour.
Described high modulus fibre refers to that elastic modelling quantity is higher than concrete fibrous material, selects one or several in carbon fiber, glass fibre, steel fibre, basalt fibre.
Described low elastic modulus fiber refers to that elastic modelling quantity is lower than concrete fibrous material, selects one or more in PP fiber, PVA fiber, PU fiber, nylon fiber, wood pulp cellulose, paper fiber.
Described polymer adopts without the silicone-modified poly-acrylic emulsion of soap, without the silicone-modified benzene emulsion of soap, without the one crossed in the silicone-modified Silicone acrylic emulsion of soap.
Described additive adopts one or more in water reducer, antifreezing agent, early strength agent, thickener, set retarder.
Described nano material selects powder nanometer SiO 2, powder nanometer Al 2o 3, colloid nano SiO 2, colloid nano Al 2o 3in one, colloid nano SiO 2with colloid nano Al 2o 3for the water-soluble solution that stability is superior, solid content is 25% ~ 40%.
Described inorganic antimitotic agent adopts the combination of crystal expanding admixture, microcrystalline cellulose material, inorganic stabilizers to form by 60:30:10 proportional arrangement;
6), the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry that will configure, pumping is filled into by conveyer belt in the three-dimensional cavity structure of cloth mouth position, after shaking 10-20 minute by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form three-dimensional fiber cavity layer;
7), the initial set of three-dimensional fiber cavity layer is after 10-20 minute, cloth mouth position is transferred to by conveyer belt, by the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry configured, pumping after-pouring, to three-dimensional fiber cavity layer surface, forms 2-4mm bottom after shaking 10-20 minute by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker;
8), bottom initial set is after 10-20 minute, and make shape of product regular by the limit decoration of tearing open installed on the conveyor belt, then cover one deck PVA coiled material or brown paper, product forming technique completes.
9), by the product normal temperature of forming or after steam curing 4-24 hour, the demoulding is carried out;
10), according to the length requirement of product cut, then adopt sandblasting, polishing, bush-hammered face, sub-light or acid cleaning process to carry out surface treatment according to product requirement.
11), to the product after the demoulding be placed in fog room maintenance after 1-3 days, be prepared into goods;
The one in naphthalenesulfonate formaldehyde condensation compound, sulfonated melamine compound condensation product, polycarboxylate water-reducer selected by described water reducer;
The one in sulfate, nitrite, triethanolamine selected by described early strength agent;
The one in calcium chloride, potash, natrium nitrosum selected by described antifreezing agent;
The one in hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, hydroxyethylcellulose, polyacrylamide selected by described thickener;
The one in wooden calcium, molasses, citric acid selected by described set retarder.
Described crystal expanding admixture adopts crystal expansion agent, with calcareous raw material 20 ~ 80%, magnesia raw material 10 ~ 60%, sa raw material 5 ~ 40% complex configuration composition; Described inorganic stabilizers adopts sa powder.
Described microcrystalline cellulose material refers to the inorganic mineral whisker of length <50 μm, selects alumina base superbhort fiber, zirconia base superbhort fiber, is oxidized silica-based superbhort fiber, silicon carbide-based superbhort fiber, calcium sulphate-based superbhort fiber, calcium carbonate-base superbhort fiber, Na 2o composite S iO 2one or more in base superbhort fiber, magnesium sulfate base superbhort fiber, potash base superbhort fiber, Zinc oxide-base superbhort fiber, antifungin base superbhort fiber and the aluminium base superbhort fiber of boric acid.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
A, employing three-dimensional fiber connector are as cavity, fill high performance cement-based material, the three-dimensional orientation achieving fiber strengthens, make plate construction uniform force, lay with employing grid cloth or fiber jet, compared with pouring technology, very big amplitude promotes anti-folding, bending strength, and producing for large gauge size sheet material provides mechanics to ensure.
In b, product compositing formula, the inorganic antimitotic agent that the employing of novelty is made up of crystal expanding admixture, microcrystalline cellulose material, inorganic stabilizers.Crystal expanding admixture reduces surface tension by crystal growth, only need add the result of use that few amount just can reach common swelling agent, and significantly reduces the dry contraction of concrete product.The application of microcrystalline cellulose material, effectively reduces the generation of crizzle; Composite in Three Dimensional Cavities layer with low elastic modulus fiber, high modulus fibre, realizable force gradation design, improves endurance quality and the service life of goods.
C, employing mechanical production line, compared with other products of market, have normalization, thickness be even, compact structure, texture are stable, and process stabilizing, and stay in grade, can not be affected by environment in products application process.
The apparent size of d, this product is larger, can certainly cut.The thickness of product, superficial makings and surface color are all customizable, some process even can be done on the surface of product, can make the effect of stone material and woodwork, even some pattern effects, generally speaking the product form of Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement plate is versatile and flexible.
The intensity of e, material is high.Compression strength is large, flexural strength is large, shrinkage factor is low, both can be used as decorative plate of outer wall, also can be used as building curtain wall plate.Namely Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate is the clothes of external wall, and application is broad, has market prospects.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate.
Detailed description of the invention
With reference to accompanying drawing 1, a kind of Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate comprises bottom 3, three-dimensional fiber cavity layer 2, architectural surface 1.Architectural surface 1 is made up of architectural surface mortar, and architectural surface 1 is arranged on three-dimensional fiber cavity layer top, and architectural surface 1 connects three-dimensional fiber cavity layer; Three-dimensional fiber cavity layer 2 is filled high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry by three-dimensional fiber connector 4 and is made; Three-dimensional fiber cavity layer 2 connects bottom 3, and bottom 3 is made up of high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry.
The three-dimensional glass fiber rack that described three-dimensional fiber connector is woven by short glass fiber, or with high modulus fibre compound low elastic modulus fiber braiding hybrid three-dimensional fiber rack.
Described high modulus fibre refers to that elastic modelling quantity is higher than concrete fibrous material, selects one or several in carbon fiber, glass fibre, steel fibre, basalt fibre; Described low elastic modulus (short) fiber refers to that elastic modelling quantity is lower than concrete fibrous material, selects one or more in PP fiber, PVA fiber, PU fiber, nylon fiber.
embodiment 1:
1), according to weight percent proportioning by cement 20kg(20%), sand 30kg(30%), glass chip 24kg(24%), inorganic antimitotic agent 6kg(6%, calcareous raw material: magnesia raw material: sial raw material: alumina base superbhort fiber: be oxidized silica-based superbhort fiber: sa powder=2.52:0.9:0.18:0.6:1.2:0.6), pigment powder 4kg(4%), without the silicone-modified poly-acrylic emulsion 2kg(2% of soap), naphthalenesulfonate formaldehyde condensation compound 1kg(1%), metakaolin 3kg(3%), breeze 2kg(2%), water 8kg(8%) mixing, architectural surface mortar is made after stirring.
2), in pipelined port place supporting plate by sucker manipulator, supporting plate transports with production line, lays PVA coiled material as shaping auxiliary material before cloth mouth.
3), the surface layer mortar that will configure, be pumped to cloth mouth after-pouring on supporting plate, after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form the thick architectural surface of 5mm.
4), architectural surface initial set is after 10 minutes, and transmitted by conveyer belt, three-dimensional fiber connector is laid on architectural surface by automatics, forms Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure.
5), according to weight percent proportioning by cement 23kg(23%), water 10kg(10%), ultrafine quartz powder 45.6kg(45.6%), metakaolin 4kg(4%), stone flour 4kg(4%), carbon fiber 0.3kg(0.3%), glass fibre 0.1kg(0.1%), PP fiber 0.8kg(0.8%), PVA fiber 0.2kg(0.2%), without the silicone-modified poly-acrylic emulsion 3kg(3% of soap), naphthalenesulfonate formaldehyde condensation compound 1kg(1%), powder nanometer SiO 23kg(3%), inorganic antimitotic agent 5kg(5%, calcareous raw material: magnesia raw material: sial raw material: alumina base superbhort fiber: be oxidized silica-based superbhort fiber: sa powder=0.9:0.9:1.2:0.5:1:0.5) mixing, stir and make high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry.
6), the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry that will configure, pumping to be filled into by conveyer belt in the three-dimensional cavity structure of cloth mouth position, after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form three-dimensional fiber cavity layer.
7), the initial set of three-dimensional fiber cavity layer is after 10 minutes, cloth mouth position is transferred to by conveyer belt, by the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry configured, pumping after-pouring, to three-dimensional fiber cavity layer surface, forms 4mm bottom after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker.
8), bottom initial set is after 10 minutes, and make shape of product regular by the limit decoration of tearing open installed on the conveyor belt, then cover one deck PVA coiled material, product forming technique completes.
9), by the product normal temperature maintenance of forming, after 4 hours, the demoulding is carried out.
10), according to the length requirement of product cut, then adopt blasting craft to carry out surface treatment to product.
11), to the product after the demoulding be placed in fog room maintenance after 1 day, be prepared into goods.
embodiment 2:
1), according to weight percent proportioning by cement 41.4kg(41.4%), the sub-15kg(15% of microlith), pottery chip 10kg(10%), inorganic antimitotic agent 4kg(4%, calcareous raw material: magnesia raw material: sial raw material: zirconia base superbhort fiber: silicon carbide-based superbhort fiber: sa powder=1.92:0.24:0.24:0.8:0.4:0.4), aqueous pigment 0.1kg(0.1%), without the silicone-modified benzene emulsion 2.5kg(2.5% of soap), sulfonated melamine compound condensation product 1kg(1%), sulfate 1kg(1%), metakaolin 3kg(3%), stone flour 2kg(2%), water 20kg(20%) mixing, architectural surface mortar is made after stirring.
2), in pipelined port place supporting plate by sucker manipulator, supporting plate transports with production line, lays brown paper as shaping auxiliary material before cloth mouth.
3), the surface layer mortar that will configure, be pumped to cloth mouth after-pouring on supporting plate, after shaking 15 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form the thick architectural surface of 7mm.
4), architectural surface initial set is after 15 minutes, and transmitted by conveyer belt, three-dimensional fiber connector is laid on architectural surface by automatics, forms Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure.
5), according to weight percent proportioning by cement 51kg(51%), water 12.1kg(12.1%), ultrafine quartz powder 25.3kg(25.3%), flyash 4kg(4%), steel fibre 1kg(1%), glass fibre 1kg(1%), PP fiber 0.05kg(0.05%), PU fiber 0.05kg(0.05%), without the silicone-modified benzene emulsion 0.5kg(0.5% of soap), polycarboxylate water-reducer 0.1kg(0.1%), powder nanometer Al 2o 31kg(1%), inorganic antimitotic agent 3kg(3%, calcareous raw material: magnesia raw material: sial raw material: zirconia base superbhort fiber: silicon carbide-based superbhort fiber: sa powder=0.3:0.9:0.3:0.25:0.5:0.25) mixing, stir and make high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry.
6), the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry that will configure, pumping to be filled into by conveyer belt in the three-dimensional cavity structure of cloth mouth position, after shaking 15 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form three-dimensional fiber cavity layer.
7), the initial set of three-dimensional fiber cavity layer is after 15 minutes, cloth mouth position is transferred to by conveyer belt, by the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry configured, pumping after-pouring, to three-dimensional fiber cavity layer surface, forms 2mm bottom after shaking 15 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker.
8), bottom initial set is after 15 minutes, and make shape of product regular by the limit decoration of tearing open installed on the conveyor belt, then cover one deck brown paper, product forming technique completes.
9), by the product normal temperature maintenance of forming, after 15 hours, the demoulding is carried out.
10), according to the length requirement of product cut, then adopt technique for grinding to carry out surface treatment to product.
11), to the product after the demoulding be placed in fog room maintenance after 2 days, be prepared into goods.
embodiment 3:
1), according to weight percent proportioning by cement 45kg(45%), metal fragment 15kg(15%), mica flake 10kg(10%), inorganic antimitotic agent 5kg(5%, calcareous raw material: magnesia raw material: sial raw material: calcium sulphate-based superbhort fiber: Zinc oxide-base superbhort fiber: sa powder=0.9:0.9:1.2:0.5:1:0.5), liquid pigment 2kg(2%), without the silicone-modified Silicone acrylic emulsion 0.1kg(0.1% of soap), polycarboxylate water-reducer 1kg(1%), calcium chloride 1kg(1%), flyash 0.9kg(0.9%), water 20kg(20%) mixing, architectural surface mortar is made after stirring.
2), in pipelined port place supporting plate by sucker manipulator, supporting plate transports with production line, lays PVA coiled material as shaping auxiliary material before cloth mouth.
3), the surface layer mortar that will configure, be pumped to cloth mouth after-pouring on supporting plate, after shaking 20 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form the thick architectural surface of 9mm.
4), architectural surface initial set is after 20 minutes, and transmitted by conveyer belt, three-dimensional fiber connector is laid on architectural surface by automatics, forms Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure.
5), according to weight percent proportioning by cement 23.4kg(23.4%), water 18kg(18%), ultrafine quartz powder 48kg(48%), flyash 2kg(2%), breeze 2kg(2%), glass fibre 0.8kg(0.8%), basalt fibre 0.2kg(0.2%), PU fiber 0.3kg(0.3%), nylon fiber 0.2kg(0.2%), without the silicone-modified Silicone acrylic emulsion 1kg(1% of soap), polycarboxylate water-reducer 1kg(1%), nitrite 1kg(1%), colloid nano Al 2o 32kg(2%, solid content 25%), inorganic antimitotic agent 0.1kg(0.1%, calcareous raw material: magnesia raw material: sial raw material: calcium sulphate-based superbhort fiber: Zinc oxide-base superbhort fiber: sa powder=0.012:0.036:0.012:0.01:0.02:0.01) mixing, stir and make high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry.
6), the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry that will configure, pumping to be filled into by conveyer belt in the three-dimensional cavity structure of cloth mouth position, after shaking 20 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form three-dimensional fiber cavity layer.
7), the initial set of three-dimensional fiber cavity layer is after 20 minutes, cloth mouth position is transferred to by conveyer belt, by the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry configured, pumping after-pouring, to three-dimensional fiber cavity layer surface, forms 3mm bottom after shaking 20 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker.
8), bottom initial set is after 20 minutes, and make shape of product regular by the limit decoration of tearing open installed on the conveyor belt, then cover one deck brown paper, product forming technique completes.
9), by the product normal temperature maintenance of forming, after 24 hours, the demoulding is carried out.
10), according to the length requirement of product cut, then adopt bush-hammered face technique to carry out surface treatment to product.
11), to the product after the demoulding be placed in fog room maintenance after 3 days, be prepared into goods.
embodiment 4:
1), according to weight percent proportioning by cement 21kg(21%), sand 40kg(40%), shell chip 20kg(20%), inorganic antimitotic agent 0.1kg(0.1%, calcareous raw material: magnesia raw material: sial raw material: calcium sulphate-based superbhort fiber: Zinc oxide-base superbhort fiber: sa powder=0.012:0.036:0.012:0.01:0.02:0.01), pigment powder 1kg(1%), without the silicone-modified Silicone acrylic emulsion 0.9kg(0.9% of soap), sulfonated melamine compound condensation product 0.7kg(0.7%), hydroxypropyl methylcellulose 0.2kg(0.2%), wood calcium 0.1kg(0.1%), metakaolin 3kg(3%), silicon ash 1kg(1%), water 12kg(12%) mixing, architectural surface mortar is made after stirring.
2), in pipelined port place supporting plate by sucker manipulator, supporting plate transports with production line, lays brown paper as shaping auxiliary material before cloth mouth.
3), the surface layer mortar that will configure, be pumped to cloth mouth after-pouring on supporting plate, after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form the thick architectural surface of 8mm.
4), architectural surface initial set is after 10 minutes, and transmitted by conveyer belt, three-dimensional fiber connector is laid on architectural surface by automatics, forms Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure.
5), according to weight percent proportioning by cement 35kg(35%), water 15kg(15%), ultrafine quartz powder 27kg(27%), metakaolin 4kg(4%), stone flour 6kg(6%), carbon fiber 0.3kg(0.3%), glass fibre 0.2kg(0.2%), wood pulp cellulose 0.2kg(0.2%), paper fiber 0.3kg(0.3%), without the silicone-modified Silicone acrylic emulsion 3kg(3% of soap), naphthalenesulfonate formaldehyde condensation compound 0.7kg(0.7%), potash 0.2kg(0.2%), molasses 0.1kg(0.1%), colloid nano SiO 24kg(4%, solid content 25%), inorganic antimitotic agent 4kg(4%, calcareous raw material: magnesia raw material: sial raw material: calcium sulphate-based superbhort fiber: Zinc oxide-base superbhort fiber: sa powder=1.92:0.24:0.24:0.4:0.8:0.4) mixing, stir and make high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry.
6), the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry that will configure, pumping to be filled into by conveyer belt in the three-dimensional cavity structure of cloth mouth position, after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form three-dimensional fiber cavity layer.
7), the initial set of three-dimensional fiber cavity layer is after 17 minutes, cloth mouth position is transferred to by conveyer belt, by the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry configured, pumping after-pouring, to three-dimensional fiber cavity layer surface, forms 3mm bottom after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker.
8), bottom initial set is after 15 minutes, and make shape of product regular by the limit decoration of tearing open installed on the conveyor belt, then cover one deck PVA coiled material, product forming technique completes.
9), by the product steam curing of forming, after 18 hours, the demoulding is carried out.
10), according to the length requirement of product cut, then adopt sub-light technique to carry out surface treatment to product.
11), to the product after the demoulding be placed in fog room maintenance after 2 days, be prepared into goods.
embodiment 5:
1), according to weight percent proportioning by cement 35kg(35%), sand 30kg(30%), metal fragment 10kg(10%), inorganic antimitotic agent 3kg(3%, calcareous raw material: magnesia raw material: sial raw material: calcium carbonate-base superbhort fiber: Na 2o composite S iO 2base superbhort fiber: sa powder=0.3:0.9:0.3:0.25:0.5:0.25), liquid pigment 5kg(5%), without the silicone-modified poly-acrylic emulsion 1.5kg(1.5% of soap), polycarboxylate water-reducer 1kg(1%), natrium nitrosum 0.3kg(0.3%), citric acid 0.2kg(0.2%), metakaolin 1kg(1%), silicon ash 2kg(2%), water 11kg(11%) mixing, make architectural surface mortar after stirring.
2), in pipelined port place supporting plate by sucker manipulator, supporting plate transports with production line, lays PVA coiled material as shaping auxiliary material before cloth mouth.
3), the surface layer mortar that will configure, be pumped to cloth mouth after-pouring on supporting plate, after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form the thick architectural surface of 5mm.
4), architectural surface initial set is after 15 minutes, and transmitted by conveyer belt, three-dimensional fiber connector is laid on architectural surface by automatics, forms Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure.
5), according to weight percent proportioning by cement 30kg(30%), water 12kg(12%), ultrafine quartz powder 38kg(38%), metakaolin 4kg(4%), stone flour 1kg(1%), carbon fiber 0.3kg(0.3%), glass fibre 0.7kg(0.7%), PP fiber 0.8kg(0.8%), PVA fiber 0.2kg(0.2%), without the silicone-modified poly-acrylic emulsion 4kg(4% of soap), polycarboxylate water-reducer 0.8kg(0.8%), hydroxyethylcellulose 0.2kg(0.2%), colloid nano SiO 23kg(3%, solid content 40%), inorganic antimitotic agent 5kg(5%, calcareous raw material: magnesia raw material: sial raw material: calcium carbonate-base superbhort fiber: Na 2o composite S iO 2base superbhort fiber: sa powder=0.9:0.9:1.2:0.5:1:0.5) mixing, stir and make high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry.
6), the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry that will configure, pumping to be filled into by conveyer belt in the three-dimensional cavity structure of cloth mouth position, after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form three-dimensional fiber cavity layer.
7), the initial set of three-dimensional fiber cavity layer is after 15 minutes, cloth mouth position is transferred to by conveyer belt, by the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry configured, pumping after-pouring, to three-dimensional fiber cavity layer surface, forms 4mm bottom after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker.
8), bottom initial set is after 10 minutes, and make shape of product regular by the limit decoration of tearing open installed on the conveyor belt, then cover one deck brown paper, product forming technique completes.
9), by the product steam curing of forming, after 4 hours, the demoulding is carried out.
10), according to the length requirement of product cut, then adopt sub-light technique to carry out surface treatment to product.
11), to the product after the demoulding be placed in fog room maintenance after 3 days, be prepared into goods.
embodiment 6:
1), according to weight percent proportioning by cement 30kg(30%), sand 30kg(30%), shell chip 15kg(15%), inorganic antimitotic agent 4kg(4%, calcareous raw material: magnesia raw material: sial raw material: magnesium sulfate base superbhort fiber: potash base superbhort fiber: sa powder=1.92:0.24:0.24:0.8:0.4:0.4), liquid pigment 3kg(3%), without the silicone-modified poly-acrylic emulsion 1.9kg(1.9% of soap), polycarboxylate water-reducer 0.1kg(0.1%), metakaolin 1kg(1%), silicon ash 1kg(1%), water 14kg(14%) mixing, architectural surface mortar is made after stirring.
2), in pipelined port place supporting plate by sucker manipulator, supporting plate transports with production line, lays brown paper as shaping auxiliary material before cloth mouth.
3), the surface layer mortar that will configure, be pumped to cloth mouth after-pouring on supporting plate, after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form the thick architectural surface of 5mm.
4), architectural surface initial set is after 15 minutes, and transmitted by conveyer belt, three-dimensional fiber connector is laid on architectural surface by automatics, forms Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure.
5), according to weight percent proportioning by cement 40kg(40%), water 16kg(16%), ultrafine quartz powder 25kg(25%), metakaolin 2kg(2%), stone flour 2kg(2%), carbon fiber 1kg(1%), glass fibre 1kg(1%), PP fiber 0.8kg(0.8%), PVA fiber 0.2kg(0.2%), without the silicone-modified poly-acrylic emulsion 2kg(2% of soap), sulfonated melamine compound condensation product 0.8kg(0.8%), wood calcium 0.1kg(0.1%), polyacrylamide 0.1kg(0.1%), colloid nano SiO 25kg(5%, solid content 30%), inorganic antimitotic agent 4kg(4%, calcareous raw material: magnesia raw material: sial raw material: magnesium sulfate base superbhort fiber: potash base superbhort fiber: sa powder=1.92:0.24:0.24:0.4:0.8:0.4) mixing, stir and make high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry.
6), the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry that will configure, pumping to be filled into by conveyer belt in the three-dimensional cavity structure of cloth mouth position, after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form three-dimensional fiber cavity layer.
7), the initial set of three-dimensional fiber cavity layer is after 15 minutes, cloth mouth position is transferred to by conveyer belt, by the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry configured, pumping after-pouring, to three-dimensional fiber cavity layer surface, forms 4mm bottom after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker.
8), bottom initial set is after 10 minutes, and make shape of product regular by the limit decoration of tearing open installed on the conveyor belt, then cover one deck PVA coiled material, product forming technique completes.
9), by the product steam curing of forming, after 10 hours, the demoulding is carried out.
10), according to the length requirement of product cut, then adopt acid cleaning process to carry out surface treatment to product.
11), to the product after the demoulding be placed in fog room maintenance after 2 days, be prepared into goods.
embodiment 7:
1), according to weight percent proportioning by cement 28kg(28%), sand 30kg(30%), pottery chip 20kg(20%), inorganic antimitotic agent 5kg(5%, calcareous raw material: magnesia raw material: sial raw material: antifungin base superbhort fiber: the aluminium base superbhort fiber of boric acid: sa powder=0.9:0.9:1.2:1:0.5:0.5), powder pigment 3.4kg(3.4%), without the silicone-modified Silicone acrylic emulsion 2.5kg(2.5% of soap), polycarboxylate water-reducer 1kg(1%), metakaolin 0.1kg(0.1%), water 10kg(10%) mixing, architectural surface mortar is made after stirring.
2), in pipelined port place supporting plate by sucker manipulator, supporting plate transports with production line, lays PVA coiled material as shaping auxiliary material before cloth mouth.
3), the surface layer mortar that will configure, be pumped to cloth mouth after-pouring on supporting plate, after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form the thick architectural surface of 9mm.
4), architectural surface initial set is after 10 minutes, and transmitted by conveyer belt, three-dimensional fiber connector is laid on architectural surface by automatics, forms Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure.
5), according to weight percent proportioning by cement 38.5kg(38.5%), water 18kg(18%), ultrafine quartz powder 25kg(25%), metakaolin 2kg(2%), breeze 4kg(4%), glass fibre 1kg(1%), PU fiber 0.3kg(0.3%), paper fiber 0.2kg(0.2%), without the silicone-modified poly-acrylic emulsion 0.5kg(0.5% of soap), polycarboxylate water-reducer 0.4kg(0.4%), triethanolamine 0.1kg(0.1%), colloid nano Al 2o 34kg(4%, solid content 30%), inorganic antimitotic agent 6kg(6%, calcareous raw material: magnesia raw material: sial raw material: antifungin base superbhort fiber: the aluminium base superbhort fiber of boric acid: sa powder=2.52:0.9:0.18:1.2:0.6:0.6) mixing, stir and make high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry.
6), the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry that will configure, pumping to be filled into by conveyer belt in the three-dimensional cavity structure of cloth mouth position, after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form three-dimensional fiber cavity layer.
7), the initial set of three-dimensional fiber cavity layer is after 10 minutes, cloth mouth position is transferred to by conveyer belt, by the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry configured, pumping after-pouring, to three-dimensional fiber cavity layer surface, forms 3mm bottom after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker.
8), bottom initial set is after 10 minutes, and make shape of product regular by the limit decoration of tearing open installed on the conveyor belt, then cover one deck PVA coiled material, product forming technique completes.
9), by the product steam curing of forming, after 15 hours, the demoulding is carried out.
10), according to the length requirement of product cut, then adopt acid cleaning process to carry out surface treatment to product.
11), to the product after the demoulding be placed in fog room maintenance after 1 day, be prepared into goods.
embodiment 8:
1), according to weight percent proportioning by cement 40kg(40%), sand 22kg(22%), the sub-10kg(10% of microlith), inorganic antimitotic agent 5kg(5%, calcareous raw material: magnesia raw material: sial raw material: alumina base superbhort fiber: the aluminium base superbhort fiber of boric acid: sa powder=0.9:0.9:1.2:1:0.5:0.5), powder pigment 2kg(2%), without the silicone-modified Silicone acrylic emulsion 2kg(2% of soap), polycarboxylate water-reducer 1kg(1%), triethanolamine 1kg(1%), breeze 1kg(1%), stone flour 1kg(1%), water 15kg(15%) mixing, architectural surface mortar is made after stirring.
2), in pipelined port place supporting plate by sucker manipulator, supporting plate transports with production line, lays brown paper as shaping auxiliary material before cloth mouth.
3), the surface layer mortar that will configure, be pumped to cloth mouth after-pouring on supporting plate, after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form the thick architectural surface of 5mm.
4), architectural surface initial set is after 15 minutes, and transmitted by conveyer belt, three-dimensional fiber connector is laid on architectural surface by automatics, forms Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure.
5), according to weight percent proportioning by cement 25kg(25%), water 11kg(11%), ultrafine quartz powder 40kg(40%), metakaolin 5kg(5%), breeze 4kg(4%), glass fibre 2kg(2%), PVA fiber 0.8kg(0.8%), nylon fiber 0.2kg(0.2%), without the silicone-modified benzene emulsion 4kg(4% of soap), sulfonated melamine compound condensation product 0.6kg(0.6%), molasses 0.4kg(0.4%), colloid nano Al 2o 34kg(4%, solid content 40%), inorganic antimitotic agent 3kg(3%, calcareous raw material: magnesia raw material: sial raw material: zirconia base superbhort fiber: magnesium sulfate base superbhort fiber: sa powder=0.3:0.9:0.3:0.25:0.5:0.25) mixing, stir and make high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry.
6), the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry that will configure, pumping to be filled into by conveyer belt in the three-dimensional cavity structure of cloth mouth position, after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form three-dimensional fiber cavity layer.
7), the initial set of three-dimensional fiber cavity layer is after 20 minutes, cloth mouth position is transferred to by conveyer belt, by the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry configured, pumping after-pouring, to three-dimensional fiber cavity layer surface, forms 4mm bottom after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker.
8), bottom initial set is after 15 minutes, and make shape of product regular by the limit decoration of tearing open installed on the conveyor belt, then cover one deck brown paper, product forming technique completes.
9), by the product steam curing of forming, after 24 hours, the demoulding is carried out.
10), according to the length requirement of product cut, then adopt bush-hammered face technique to carry out surface treatment to product.
11), to the product after the demoulding be placed in fog room maintenance after 2 days, be prepared into goods.
The product of Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate of the present invention and production method thereof reaches following technical indicator through test: bulk density≤2.3g/cm 3; Bending resistance proportional strength (LOP)>=13MPa; Beaming resistance limit intensity (MOR)>=25MPa; Compression strength>=155MPa; Shock resistance (steam-cured 3d)>=25KJ/m2; Shrinkage factor (28d)≤1 × 10 -4; Water absorption rate≤1.2%; Frozen-thawed cycled 25 times, without peeling, strength retention ratio>=95%; 80 DEG C of water-bath accelerated ageing 7d strength retention ratio>=90%.

Claims (9)

1. a production method for Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate, is characterized in that: Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate, comprises bottom, three-dimensional fiber cavity layer and architectural surface; Architectural surface is made up of architectural surface mortar, and architectural surface is arranged on three-dimensional fiber cavity layer top, and architectural surface connects three-dimensional fiber cavity layer; Three-dimensional fiber cavity layer is filled high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry by three-dimensional fiber connector and is made; Three-dimensional fiber cavity layer connects bottom, and bottom is made up of high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry;
The production method of Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate comprises,
1), by cement, aggregate, inorganic antimitotic agent, polymer, additive, active material, water according to the mixing of following weight per distribution ratio, make architectural surface mortar after stirring, wherein raw material weight per distribution ratio is:
Cement 20-45%
Aggregate 25-60%
Inorganic antimitotic agent 0.1-6%
Polymer 0.1-2.5%
Additive 0.1-2%
Active material 0.1-5%
Water 8-20%
One or more in sand, microlith, glass chip, ceramic chip, metal fragment, shell chip, mica flake selected by aggregate described in step 1);
Polymer described in step 1) adopts without the silicone-modified poly-acrylic emulsion of soap, without the silicone-modified benzene emulsion of soap, without the one crossed in the silicone-modified Silicone acrylic emulsion of soap;
Additive described in step 1) adopts one or more in water reducer, antifreezing agent, early strength agent, thickener, set retarder;
Active material described in step 1) adopts one or more in metakaolin, flyash, breeze, stone flour, silicon ash;
Inorganic antimitotic agent described in step 1) is formed by 60:30:10 proportional arrangement by the combination of crystal expanding admixture, microcrystalline cellulose material, inorganic stabilizers;
2), in pipelined port place supporting plate by sucker manipulator, supporting plate transports with production line, lays PVA coiled material or brown paper as shaping auxiliary material before cloth mouth;
3), the surface layer mortar that will configure, be pumped to cloth mouth after-pouring on supporting plate, after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form the thick architectural surface of 5-9mm;
4), architectural surface initial set is after 10-20 minute, and transmitted by conveyer belt, three-dimensional fiber connector is laid on architectural surface by automatics, forms Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure;
5), cement, water, ultrafine quartz powder, active material, high modulus fibre, low elastic modulus fiber, silicone-modified polymer, additive, nano material, inorganic antimitotic agent are mixed according to following weight per distribution ratio, stir and make high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry, wherein raw material weight per distribution ratio is:
Cement 23-51%
Water 10-18%
Ultrafine quartz powder 25-48%
Active material 4-10%
High modulus fibre 0.4-2%
Low elastic modulus fiber 0.1-1%
Polymer 0.5-4%
Additive 0.1-2%
Nano material 1-5%
Inorganic antimitotic agent 0.1-6%
Inorganic antimitotic agent described in step 5) is formed by 60:30:10 proportional arrangement by the combination of crystal expanding admixture, microcrystalline cellulose material, inorganic stabilizers;
Described nano material selects powder nanometer SiO 2, powder nanometer Al 2o 3, colloid nano SiO 2, colloid nano Al 2o 3in one, colloid nano SiO 2with colloid nano Al 2o 3for the water-soluble solution that stability is superior, solid content is 25% ~ 40%;
Active material described in step 5) adopts one or more in metakaolin, flyash, breeze, stone flour;
Described high modulus fibre refers to that elastic modelling quantity is higher than concrete fibrous material;
Described low elastic modulus fiber refers to that elastic modelling quantity is lower than concrete fibrous material;
Polymer described in step 5) adopts without the silicone-modified poly-acrylic emulsion of soap, without the silicone-modified benzene emulsion of soap, without the one crossed in the silicone-modified Silicone acrylic emulsion of soap;
Additive described in step 5) adopts one or more in water reducer, antifreezing agent, early strength agent, thickener, set retarder;
6), the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry that will configure, pumping to be filled into by conveyer belt in the three-dimensional cavity structure of cloth mouth position, after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker, form three-dimensional fiber cavity layer;
7), the initial set of three-dimensional fiber cavity layer is after 10-20 minute, cloth mouth position is transferred to by conveyer belt, by the high-performance cracking resistance cement slurry configured, pumping after-pouring, to three-dimensional fiber cavity layer surface, forms 2-4mm bottom after shaking 10 minutes by the scraper plate limit for height of installing on a production line and electromagnetic shaker;
8), bottom initial set is after 10-20 minute, and make shape of product regular by the limit decoration of tearing open installed on the conveyor belt, then cover one deck PVA coiled material or brown paper, product forming technique completes;
9), by the product normal temperature of forming or after steam curing 4-24 hour, the demoulding is carried out;
10), according to the length requirement of product cut, then adopt sandblasting, polishing, bush-hammered face, sub-light or acid cleaning process to carry out surface treatment according to product requirement;
11), to the product after the demoulding be placed in fog room maintenance after 1-3 days, be prepared into goods.
2. the production method of Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the three-dimensional glass fiber rack that described three-dimensional fiber connector is woven by short glass fiber, or with high modulus fibre compound low elastic modulus fiber braiding hybrid three-dimensional fiber rack.
3. the production method of Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described crystal expanding admixture adopts crystal expansion agent, with calcareous raw material 20 ~ 80%, magnesia raw material 10 ~ 60%, sa 5 ~ 40% complex configuration composition; Described inorganic stabilizers adopts sa powder.
4. the production method of Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described microcrystalline cellulose material refers to the inorganic mineral whisker of length <50 μm.
5. the production method of Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described high modulus fibre select in carbon fiber, glass fibre, steel fibre, basalt fibre one or several.
6. the production method of Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described low elastic modulus fiber selects one or more in PP fiber, PVA fiber, PU fiber, nylon fiber, wood pulp cellulose, paper fiber.
7. the production method of Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described microcrystalline cellulose material selection alumina base superbhort fiber, zirconia base superbhort fiber, be oxidized silica-based superbhort fiber, silicon carbide-based superbhort fiber, calcium sulphate-based superbhort fiber, calcium carbonate-base superbhort fiber, Na 2o composite S iO 2one or more in base superbhort fiber, magnesium sulfate base superbhort fiber, potash base superbhort fiber, Zinc oxide-base superbhort fiber, antifungin base superbhort fiber and the aluminium base superbhort fiber of boric acid.
8. the production method of Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the one in naphthalenesulfonate formaldehyde condensation compound, sulfonated melamine compound condensation product, polycarboxylate water-reducer selected by described water reducer;
The one in calcium chloride, potash, natrium nitrosum selected by described antifreezing agent;
The one in sulfate, nitrite, triethanolamine selected by described early strength agent;
The one in hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, hydroxyethylcellulose, polyacrylamide selected by described thickener;
The one in wooden calcium, molasses, citric acid selected by described set retarder.
9. the production method of Three Dimensional Cavities fibre structure refinforced cement mechanism plate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described architectural surface mortar adds pigment according to actual requirement, pigment weight proportioning accounts for architectural surface mortar total amount 0.1-5%, and described pigment selects pigment powder or liquid pigment.
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