CN103239185A - Electrostatic dust collection device and dust collector using same - Google Patents

Electrostatic dust collection device and dust collector using same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103239185A
CN103239185A CN2013101805662A CN201310180566A CN103239185A CN 103239185 A CN103239185 A CN 103239185A CN 2013101805662 A CN2013101805662 A CN 2013101805662A CN 201310180566 A CN201310180566 A CN 201310180566A CN 103239185 A CN103239185 A CN 103239185A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
electroplax
air inlet
negative pole
positive
anodal
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Pending
Application number
CN2013101805662A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙荣川
陈国栋
林睿
郁树梅
郭浩
洪云波
任子武
陈涛
王振华
孙立宁
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Suzhou University
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Suzhou University
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Publication date
Application filed by Suzhou University filed Critical Suzhou University
Priority to CN2013101805662A priority Critical patent/CN103239185A/en
Publication of CN103239185A publication Critical patent/CN103239185A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

An electrostatic dust collection device comprises an air inlet, an air vent and a dust collection area. The air inlet and the air vent are opposite, the dust collection area is arranged between the air inlet and the air vent, and at least a group of anode electroplates and cathode electroplates are further arranged between the air inlet and the air vent, wherein the anode electroplates are opposite to the cathode electroplates. Arrangement gaps of the anode electroplates and the cathode electroplates are consistent with a wind direction of the air inlet. According to the electrostatic dust collection device based on an electrostatic dust collection principle, a motor low in power can be selected, and accordingly noise of the dust collection device in work is effectively reduced on the premise that dust collection effect is guaranteed.

Description

A kind of electrostatic precipitator and use the dust catcher of this device
Technical field
The present invention relates to the dust suction technical field, relate in particular to a kind of electrostatic precipitator and the dust catcher of this device is installed.
Background technology
At present, dust catcher on the market by vacuum just negative pressure small particle is sucked dust-collecting box, and in the exhaust ports of dust-collecting box filter screen is housed, thereby dust is stayed in the dust-collecting box.This its vacuum of existing dust catcher produces by the driven by motor vortex flow fan, the rotating speed of fan need be up to 20000 rev/mins, and common motor does not reach this rotating speed, therefore, the motor of dust catcher of the prior art adopts series machine, because its rotating speed height, so the noise that produces is just big, the noise of general dust catcher doubles than refrigerator at 85 decibels.Because its generation is high-frequency noise, the people sounds also and relatively feeling bad, and adds filter screen to the obstruction of circulation of air, more need heavy-duty motor could produce enough big negative pressure with the absorption dust, and powerful motor has further increased noise.
Consider from the angle that reduces ambient noise, on the basis that guarantees pick-up performance, the less dust catcher of noise when needing a kind of work of design.
Summary of the invention
The less dust arrester of noise when the problem that the present invention solves provides a kind of work.
For addressing the above problem, the present invention has disclosed a kind of electrostatic precipitator, comprise air inlet, exhaust outlet, accumulation area, described air inlet, exhaust outlet are oppositely arranged, described accumulation area is arranged between described air inlet and the described exhaust outlet, also be provided with at least one group of anodal electroplax that is oppositely arranged and negative pole electroplax between described air inlet and the described exhaust outlet, the gap of arranging of described positive and negative electrode electroplax is consistent with the wind direction of described air inlet.
Preferably, described anodal electroplax is provided with spike, and described spike evenly is arranged in described anodal electroplax.
Preferably, described positive and negative electrode electroplax is many groups, described negative pole electroplax is provided with through hole, be provided with the deep bead for the flow direction of guides wind between described adjacent positive electroplax, the negative pole electroplax, described deep bead is arranged at the end between two adjacent positive and negative electrode electroplaxs, wind enters wherein zone between one group of electroplax from described air inlet, passes described through hole and enters zone between the adjacent set electroplax, discharges from described exhaust outlet at last.
Preferably, be arranged in order assembling between described many group positive and negative electrode electroplaxs, anodal electroplax and the anodal electroplax of the positive and negative electrode electroplax of described two adjacent groups fit, and negative pole electroplax and negative pole electroplax fit.
The present invention has also disclosed a kind of dust catcher, and described dust catcher is provided with above-mentioned electrostatic precipitator.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages: disclosed electrostatic precipitator, comprise air inlet, exhaust outlet, accumulation area, described air inlet, exhaust outlet are oppositely arranged, described accumulation area is arranged between described air inlet and the described exhaust outlet, also be provided with at least one group of anodal electroplax that is oppositely arranged and negative pole electroplax between described air inlet and the described exhaust outlet, the gap of arranging of described positive and negative electrode electroplax is consistent with the wind direction of described air inlet.Disclosed electrostatic precipitator, during energising work, owing between the positive and negative electroplax of electrostatic precipitator high voltage is arranged, produce very high electric field, when the breakdown electric field of electric-field intensity and air is close, the air generation ionization of band dust forms a large amount of positive electron and free electron, and free electron drifts about to positive pole with electric field, in the drift process, bump against with dust, make negative electrical charge on the grey dust lane, under effect of electric field, move on the anodal electroplax, and be adsorbed on above it.After the dedusting end-of-job, the outage of positive and negative electrode electroplax or short circuit are connected, dust will drop to accumulation area from anodal electroplax.Use disclosed electrostatic precipitator, during work, only needing motor to produce very little negative pressure will suck from air inlet with the air of dust, and the recycling electrostatic precipitator filters dust, and clean air is discharged from exhaust outlet the most at last.The disclosed electrostatic precipitator based on the electrostatic precipitation principle can be selected the lower motor of power for use, thereby under the prerequisite that guarantees dust removing effects, the noise when reducing dust arrester work effectively.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of electrostatic precipitator in the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the permutation and combination schematic diagram of many groups positive and negative electrode electroplax of electrostatic precipitator in the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that air passes through positive and negative electrode electroplax in the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that air passes through electrostatic precipitator in the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
Wherein: 1, air inlet; 2, accumulation area; 3, exhaust outlet; 5, anodal electroplax; 51, spike; 6, negative pole electroplax; 61, through hole; 7, deep bead.
The specific embodiment
The present invention has disclosed a kind of electrostatic precipitator, comprise air inlet, exhaust outlet, accumulation area, described air inlet, exhaust outlet are oppositely arranged, described accumulation area is arranged between described air inlet and the described exhaust outlet, also be provided with at least one group of anodal electroplax that is oppositely arranged and negative pole electroplax between described air inlet and the described exhaust outlet, the gap of arranging of described positive and negative electrode electroplax is consistent with the wind direction of described air inlet.
Preferably, described anodal electroplax is provided with spike, and described spike evenly is arranged in described anodal electroplax.
Preferably, described positive and negative electrode electroplax is many groups, described negative pole electroplax is provided with through hole, be provided with the deep bead for the flow direction of guides wind between described adjacent positive electroplax, the negative pole electroplax, described deep bead is arranged at the end between two adjacent positive and negative electrode electroplaxs, wind enters wherein zone between one group of electroplax from described air inlet, passes described through hole and enters zone between the adjacent set electroplax, discharges from described exhaust outlet at last.
Preferably, be arranged in order assembling between described many group positive and negative electrode electroplaxs, anodal electroplax and the anodal electroplax of the positive and negative electrode electroplax of described two adjacent groups fit, and negative pole electroplax and negative pole electroplax fit.
The present invention has also disclosed a kind of dust catcher, and described dust catcher is provided with above-mentioned electrostatic precipitator.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention has disclosed a kind of electrostatic precipitator, comprise air inlet 1, exhaust outlet 3, accumulation area 2, air inlet 1, exhaust outlet 3 are oppositely arranged, accumulation area 2 is arranged between air inlet 1 and the exhaust outlet 3, the air that has dust enters from air inlet 1, and it is for clearance that dust falls into accumulation area 2 etc. after by dust removal process, removes the pure air behind the dust and discharges from exhaust outlet 3.
Existing dust catcher by vacuum just negative pressure small particle is sucked dust-collecting box, and in the exhaust ports of dust-collecting box filter screen is housed, thereby dust is stayed in the dust-collecting box.This its vacuum of existing dust catcher produces by the driven by motor vortex flow fan, the rotating speed of fan need be up to 20000 rev/mins, and common motor does not reach this rotating speed, therefore, the motor of dust catcher of the prior art adopts series machine because its rotating speed height, so the noise that produces is just big, the noise of general dust catcher doubles than refrigerator at 85 decibels.Because its generation is high-frequency noise, the people sounds also and relatively feeling bad.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem that exists in the prior art, in the preferred embodiment of the present invention, also be provided with at least one group of anodal electroplax 5 that is oppositely arranged and negative pole electroplax 6 between air inlet 1 and the exhaust outlet 3, the gap of arranging of anodal electroplax 5 and negative pole electroplax 6 is consistent with the wind direction of air inlet 1, as shown in Figure 2.During work, the air that has dust enters from air inlet 1, passes the gap of arranging between anodal electroplax 5 and the negative pole electroplax 6, discharges from exhaust outlet 3 at last.
So arrange, when disclosed electrostatic precipitator energising work, owing between the anodal electroplax 5 of electrostatic precipitator and the negative pole electroplax 6 high voltage is arranged, produce very high electric field, when the breakdown electric field of electric-field intensity and air is close, the air generation ionization of band dust, form a large amount of positive electron and free electron, free electron drifts about to positive pole with electric field, in the drift process, bump against with dust, make negative electrical charge on the grey dust lane, under effect of electric field, move on the anodal electroplax 5, and be adsorbed on above the anodal electroplax 5.After the dedusting end-of-job, anodal electroplax 5,6 outages of negative pole electroplax or short circuit are connected, dust will drop to accumulation area 2 from anodal electroplax 5.Use disclosed electrostatic precipitator, during work, only needing motor to produce very little negative pressure will suck from air inlet 1 with the air of dust, and the recycling electrostatic precipitator filters dust, and clean air is discharged from exhaust outlet 3 the most at last.The disclosed electrostatic precipitator based on the electrostatic precipitation principle can be selected the lower motor of power for use, thereby under the prerequisite that guarantees dust removing effects, the noise when reducing dust arrester work effectively.
Further, anodal electroplax 5 is provided with spike 51, and spike 51 evenly is arranged in anodal electroplax 5.Herein, spike 51 effects are to carry out point discharge, and point discharge is namely under the highfield effect, the place that body surface curvature is big (as top sharp-pointed, fines), equipotential plane is close, and electric-field intensity increases severely, cause near its air to be ionized and produce gas discharge, this phenomenon claims corona discharge.Therefore, the setting of spike 51 is beneficial to the ionization of air more, and the electric charge that can move freely has been arranged in the air after the ionization, and air just can conduct electricity, and the negative electrical charge that produces behind the air ionization is exactly anion, loses the electric charge positively charged of electronics, is called cation.
Further, anodal electroplax 5, negative pole electroplax 6 are many groups, by the anodal electroplax 5 of many groups, negative pole electroplax 6 are set, have increased contact area, have improved dust removing effects.In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, organize between anodal electroplax 5, the negative pole electroplax 6 more and be arranged in order assembling.In addition, organizing between anodal electroplax 5, the negative pole electroplax 6 more as do not arrange in order, still can reach dust removing effects, is that shared space is bigger, is unfavorable for saving the space.
Please in conjunction with Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, negative pole electroplax 6 is provided with through hole 61, and through hole 61 evenly is arranged in negative pole electroplax 6, makes air to walk from through hole 61; Be provided with the deep bead 7 for the flow direction of guides wind between adjacent positive electroplax 5, the negative pole electroplax 6, deep bead 7 is arranged at the end between two adjacent positive and negative electrode electroplaxs, wind enters wherein zone between one group of electroplax from air inlet 1, because the setting of deep bead 7, wind can not be linearly moved to exhaust outlet 3 from air inlet 1, enter zone between the adjacent set electroplax but must pass through hole 61, discharge from described exhaust outlet 3 at last.So arrange, the gas of avoiding having dust is directly walked the situation that causes cleaning effect not good between same group of anodal electroplax 5, negative pole electroplax 6, thereby has effectively improved efficiency of dust collection.
In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, anodal electroplax and the anodal electroplax of the positive and negative electrode electroplax of two adjacent groups fit, and negative pole electroplax and negative pole electroplax fit.So arrange, rationally also effectively utilized limited space.
In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, deep bead 7 that rule is set is as follows: as shown in Figure 2, the design of fitting mutually of anodal electroplax 5 and negative pole electroplax 6, be respectively first group of positive and negative electrode electroplax from left to right, second group of positive and negative electrode electroplax, the 3rd group of positive and negative electrode electroplax ..., the rest may be inferred.First group with second group just, the baffle plate of negative pole electroplax is arranged at the same side, the 3rd group just, the baffle plate of negative pole electroplax be arranged at respect to first group with second group just, the opposite side of the baffle plate of negative pole electroplax, the 4th group just, the baffle plate of negative pole electroplax with respect to the 3rd group just is arranged at, the opposite side of the baffle plate of negative pole electroplax, the 5th group and the 6th group are just, the baffle plate of negative pole electroplax just is being arranged at first group and second group, the same side of the baffle plate of negative pole electroplax, the 7th group just, the baffle plate of negative pole electroplax just is being arranged at the 6th group, the opposite side of the baffle plate of negative pole electroplax, the 8th group just, the baffle plate of negative pole electroplax just is being arranged at the 7th group, the opposite side of the baffle plate of negative pole electroplax, the 9th group and the tenth group are just, the baffle plate of negative pole electroplax just is being arranged at first group and second group, so move in circles in the same side of the baffle plate of negative pole electroplax.
The present invention has also disclosed a kind of dust catcher, and dust catcher is provided with disclosed electrostatic precipitator.
Disclosed electrostatic precipitator, comprise air inlet 1, exhaust outlet 3, accumulation area 2, air inlet 1, exhaust outlet 3 are oppositely arranged, accumulation area 2 is arranged at the below in zone between air inlet 1 and the exhaust outlet 3, also be provided with at least one group of anodal electroplax 5, negative pole electroplax 6 between air inlet 1 and the exhaust outlet 3, the gap of arranging of anodal electroplax 5, negative pole electroplax 6 is consistent with the wind direction of air inlet 1.Disclosed electrostatic precipitator, during energising work, owing between the positive and negative electroplax of electrostatic precipitator high voltage is arranged, produce very high electric field, when the breakdown electric field of electric-field intensity and air is close, the air generation ionization of band dust forms a large amount of positive electron and free electron, and free electron drifts about to positive pole with electric field, in the drift process, bump against with dust, make negative electrical charge on the grey dust lane, under effect of electric field, move on the anodal electroplax, and be adsorbed on above it.After the dedusting end-of-job, the outage of positive and negative electrode electroplax or short circuit are connected, dust will drop to accumulation area from anodal electroplax.Use disclosed electrostatic precipitator, during work, only needing motor to produce very little negative pressure will suck from air inlet with the air of dust, and the recycling electrostatic precipitator filters dust, and clean air is discharged from exhaust outlet the most at last.
The disclosed electrostatic precipitator based on the electrostatic precipitation principle has the following advantages:
1, can select the lower motor of power for use, thereby under the prerequisite that guarantees dust removing effects, the noise when reducing dust arrester work effectively;
2, save the filter screen that existing dust catcher exhaust outlet adopts, thus the obstruction that produces when having eliminated filter screen to circulation of air, and then eliminated the noise that produces when air is subjected to blocking, the noise when further having reduced dust arrester work;
3, simple in structure, by adopting the lower motor of power, reduced the cost of dust arrester.
To the above-mentioned explanation of the disclosed embodiments, make this area professional and technical personnel can realize or use the present invention.Multiple modification to these embodiment will be apparent concerning those skilled in the art, and defined General Principle can realize under the situation that does not break away from the spirit or scope of the present invention in other embodiments herein.Therefore, the present invention will can not be restricted to these embodiment shown in this article, but will meet the wideest scope consistent with principle disclosed herein and features of novelty.

Claims (5)

1. electrostatic precipitator, it is characterized in that: comprise air inlet, exhaust outlet, accumulation area, described air inlet, exhaust outlet are oppositely arranged, described accumulation area is arranged between described air inlet and the described exhaust outlet, also be provided with at least one group of anodal electroplax that is oppositely arranged and negative pole electroplax between described air inlet and the described exhaust outlet, the gap of arranging of described positive and negative electrode electroplax is consistent with the wind direction of described air inlet.
2. electrostatic precipitator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described anodal electroplax is provided with spike, and described spike evenly is arranged in described anodal electroplax.
3. electrostatic precipitator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described positive and negative electrode electroplax is many groups, described negative pole electroplax is provided with through hole, be provided with the deep bead for the flow direction of guides wind between described adjacent positive electroplax, the negative pole electroplax, described deep bead is arranged at the end between two adjacent positive and negative electrode electroplaxs, wind enters wherein zone between one group of electroplax from described air inlet, pass described through hole and enter zone between the adjacent set electroplax, discharge from described exhaust outlet at last.
4. electrostatic precipitator according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: be arranged in order assembling between described many group positive and negative electrode electroplaxs, anodal electroplax and the anodal electroplax of the positive and negative electrode electroplax of described two adjacent groups fit, and negative pole electroplax and negative pole electroplax fit.
5. dust catcher, it is characterized in that: described dust catcher is provided with the described electrostatic precipitator of the arbitrary claim of claim 1 to 4.
CN2013101805662A 2013-05-15 2013-05-15 Electrostatic dust collection device and dust collector using same Pending CN103239185A (en)

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CN2013101805662A CN103239185A (en) 2013-05-15 2013-05-15 Electrostatic dust collection device and dust collector using same

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110007725A (en) * 2019-03-14 2019-07-12 安徽天兵电子科技股份有限公司 A kind of accumulatingdust electronic equipment chassis
CN111707078A (en) * 2020-07-01 2020-09-25 浙江新派服饰有限公司 Rotary knitted fabric drying device

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5215558A (en) * 1990-06-12 1993-06-01 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Electrical dust collector
JPH09201549A (en) * 1996-01-25 1997-08-05 Nippon Spindle Mfg Co Ltd Electrostatic oil purifier
CN1911526A (en) * 2005-08-10 2007-02-14 袁野 High efficiency electrostatic dust separator
CN101130180A (en) * 2006-08-21 2008-02-27 包文隆 Electric dust collector with ultra- low concentration discharge
CN202037070U (en) * 2010-11-29 2011-11-16 江苏紫光吉地达环境科技股份有限公司 Electrostatic ultrafine dust collector
CN103007661A (en) * 2011-09-21 2013-04-03 启东市金猴除尘成套设备有限公司 Improved dust removing mixer
CN203302989U (en) * 2013-05-15 2013-11-27 苏州大学 Electrostatic dust collection device and dust collector using same

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5215558A (en) * 1990-06-12 1993-06-01 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Electrical dust collector
JPH09201549A (en) * 1996-01-25 1997-08-05 Nippon Spindle Mfg Co Ltd Electrostatic oil purifier
CN1911526A (en) * 2005-08-10 2007-02-14 袁野 High efficiency electrostatic dust separator
CN101130180A (en) * 2006-08-21 2008-02-27 包文隆 Electric dust collector with ultra- low concentration discharge
CN202037070U (en) * 2010-11-29 2011-11-16 江苏紫光吉地达环境科技股份有限公司 Electrostatic ultrafine dust collector
CN103007661A (en) * 2011-09-21 2013-04-03 启东市金猴除尘成套设备有限公司 Improved dust removing mixer
CN203302989U (en) * 2013-05-15 2013-11-27 苏州大学 Electrostatic dust collection device and dust collector using same

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110007725A (en) * 2019-03-14 2019-07-12 安徽天兵电子科技股份有限公司 A kind of accumulatingdust electronic equipment chassis
CN111707078A (en) * 2020-07-01 2020-09-25 浙江新派服饰有限公司 Rotary knitted fabric drying device
CN111707078B (en) * 2020-07-01 2022-02-18 浙江新派服饰有限公司 Rotary knitted fabric drying device

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Application publication date: 20130814