CN103195641A - Self-powered sinking and floating safety device - Google Patents

Self-powered sinking and floating safety device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103195641A
CN103195641A CN2013101115027A CN201310111502A CN103195641A CN 103195641 A CN103195641 A CN 103195641A CN 2013101115027 A CN2013101115027 A CN 2013101115027A CN 201310111502 A CN201310111502 A CN 201310111502A CN 103195641 A CN103195641 A CN 103195641A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
buoyancy tank
tank
self
described
electric power
Prior art date
Application number
CN2013101115027A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴子岳
张帅
高婷
祁杰
薛宸楠
高帆
Original Assignee
上海海洋大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by 上海海洋大学 filed Critical 上海海洋大学
Priority to CN2013101115027A priority Critical patent/CN103195641A/en
Publication of CN103195641A publication Critical patent/CN103195641A/en

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/30Energy from the sea
    • Y02E10/38Wave energy or tidal swell, e.g. Pelamis-type

Abstract

A self-powered sinking and floating safety device comprises an electric power storage buoyancy tank, a power transmission line pipe, a power generation impeller, a supporting frame, an installation hole, a supporting rod, a water storage buoyancy tank, a sealing screw and a water inlet filter screen. The supporting frame serves as a carrier bearing an ocean engineering device, the power generation impeller rotates to drive a generator to generate electricity, electric power is stored in a battery, under the adverse sea conditions, a control cabinet controls a small electric motor to rotate forward, a rack piston rod moves, a variable-volume water tank is filled with water, and the whole device sinks to be at the suspension state; and after the adverse sea conditions pass, the control cabinet controls the small electric motor to rotate reversely, the rack piston rod moves, the variable-volume water tank drains the water, and the whole device floats up to be at the floating state. According to the device, the structure is simple, a wave self-powered method is adopted, new energy resources are used fully, the device is applicable to small ocean engineering devices, sinking and floating can be achieved to avoid adverse sea conditions, and the safety of ocean engineering devices can be guaranteed.

Description

Self-powered formula sink-float safety installations

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of sink-float safety installations, belong to ocean engineering equipment technology field, specifically a kind of self-powered formula sink-float safety installations.

Background technique

The research of ocean engineering equipment has at present become one of important research direction of country, and all be to be placed in the ocean environment for many ocean engineering such as wave energy generating set, wave buoy, small-sized marine monitoring platform equipment, ocean environment has changeable characteristic, the ocean engineering equipment is bearing the erosion from the undesirable element of each side for a long time, had a strong impact on its proper functioning, especially under the effect of the strong wind under the abominable sea, billow, can drift about, topple, even can directly damage the ocean engineering equipment, cause serious consequence; Ocean engineering equipment for the inner power consumption of device, its inner member power supply needs storage battery to provide, and duration of work needs storage battery is changed charging, and discarded storage battery pollutes the environment, not only expend a large amount of manpower and materials, also improved the maintenance cost of its device itself.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is to solve the deficiency that exists on the prior art, a kind of self-powered formula sink-float safety installations is provided.

To achieve these goals, the present invention adopts following technological scheme: comprise electric power storage buoyancy tank, transmission of electricity spool, generating impeller, supporting frame, mounting hole, strut, retaining buoyancy tank, sealing screw, inlet strainer, it is characterized in that described electric power storage buoyancy tank connects by supporting frame with the retaining buoyancy tank; Support frame as described above is a circle structure; Described mounting hole is circular, and totally 6 symmetrical placement are in the supporting frame both sides.

Described electric power storage buoyancy tank comprises sealing cover one, generator, stuffing box bearing, power supply conversion line, storage battery, and described generator becomes the center to overlap arrangement with the electric power storage buoyancy tank, connect with the generating impeller by stuffing box bearing; Described generator forms by power supply conversion line with storage battery and is electrically connected.

Described retaining buoyancy tank comprises variable volume water tank, rack piston bar, small motor, pressure regulating tank, large straight gear, guide line, sealing cover two, control cabinet; Described variable volume water tank is connected with the pressure regulating tank is straight-through, and the variable volume water tank is with the straight-through outermost that is connected the retaining buoyancy tank of inlet strainer; Described rack piston bar and retaining buoyancy tank central lines are settled, and link to each other with small motor by the large straight gear engagement; Described small motor forms with control cabinet by guide line and is electrically connected.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: self-powered formula sink-float safety installations itself is made of two buoyancy tanks, can provide buoyancy as the float of ocean equipment, under abominable sea situation, by the variable volume water tank retaining in the retaining buoyancy tank dive is equipped in the ocean, treat that the variable volume water tank is suspended under water when holding full water, hide high sea to the infringement of ocean equipment, guarantee the proper functioning of ocean equipment, self-powered formula sink-float safety installations adopts the generating impeller to absorb wave energy simultaneously, by generator for electricity generation and be stored in the storage battery and be whole device power supply, belong to the utilization of clean energy resource, reduce energy loss, also reduce the maintenance cost of device itself simultaneously.

Description of drawings

Accompanying drawing has provided specific embodiments of the invention, is used for explaining principle of the present invention in the lump with specification.By the detailed description of doing below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, can more be expressly understood purpose of the present invention, feature and working method, wherein identical feature is used identical label.

Fig. 1 is the stereogram of self-powered formula sink-float safety installations of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is that self-powered formula sink-float safety installations of the present invention is at the floating right sectional view of the water surface.

Fig. 3 is the right sectional view that self-powered formula sink-float safety installations of the present invention suspends under water.

Specific embodiment

Below for the preferred example of self-powered formula sink-float safety installations of the present invention, therefore do not limit protection scope of the present invention.

As shown in Figure 1, self-powered formula sink-float safety installations mainly is made of 9 parts: electric power storage buoyancy tank (1), transmission of electricity spool (2), generating impeller (3), supporting frame (4), mounting hole (5), strut (6), retaining buoyancy tank (7), sealing screw (8), inlet strainer (9).Electric power storage buoyancy tank (1) connects by supporting frame (4) with retaining buoyancy tank (7), supporting frame (4) is a circle structure, mounting hole (5) is arranged on the both sides of supporting frame (4) annulus, have six mounting holes, one side respectively has three, electric power storage buoyancy tank (1) is placed in the both sides of supporting frame (4) with retaining buoyancy tank (7), for whole self-powered formula sink-float safety installations provides buoyancy, transmission of electricity spool (2) is then from electric power storage buoyancy tank (1), communicate with retaining buoyancy tank (7) through supporting frame (4), and be installed in electric power storage buoyancy tank (1) by strut (6), the left side of supporting frame (4) and retaining buoyancy tank (7).

As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, electric power storage buoyancy tank (1) in the self-powered formula sink-float safety installations comprises sealing cover one (11), generator (12), stuffing box bearing (13), power supply conversion line (14), storage battery (15), generator (12) is installed in the geometrical center of electric power storage buoyancy tank (1), generating impeller (3) directly links to each other with generator (12) by stuffing box bearing (13), and generator (12) forms by power supply conversion line (14) with storage battery (15) and is electrically connected.

As Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, retaining buoyancy tank (7) in the self-powered formula sink-float safety installations comprises variable volume water tank (71), rack piston bar (72), small motor (73), pressure regulating tank (74), large straight gear (75), guide line (76), sealing cover two (77), control cabinet (78), variable volume water tank (71) is connected with pressure regulating tank (74) is straight-through, the same inlet strainer of variable volume water tank (71) (9) is straight-through simultaneously links to each other, inlet strainer (9) is installed in the outermost in retaining buoyancy tank (7), rack piston bar (72) is settled with retaining buoyancy tank (7) central lines, rack piston bar (72) can carry out the piston motion in variable volume water tank (71), rack piston bar (72) and large straight gear (75) engagement, large straight gear (75) links to each other with small motor (73), and small motor (73) forms with control cabinet (78) by guide line (76) and is electrically connected.

As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, self-powered formula sink-float safety installations is operated on the water surface, its supporting frame (4) is as the carrier of carrying ocean engineering equipment, six mounting holes (5) on its surface are fixed on the ocean engineering equipment on the supporting frame (4), electric power storage buoyancy tank (1) and retaining buoyancy tank (7) provide the buoyancy of whole device, device is when the water surface is floating, wave promotes generating impeller (3) rotation, and then drive generator (12) generating, with electrical power storage in storage battery (15), the same inlet strainer of rack piston bar (72) piston portion (9) close proximity in retaining buoyancy tank this moment (7), be gas in the variable volume water tank (71), gas pressure is less in the pressure regulating tank (74), control cabinet (78) makes small motor (73) keep the state that stops, and control cabinet (78) all is to link to each other with storage battery (15) through transmission of electricity spool (2) by power supply conversion line (14) with small motor (73).

When severe sea condition occurring, control cabinet (78) control small motor (73) just changes, large straight gear (75) just changes, drive rack piston bar (72) by engagement and in variable volume water tank (71), carry out the piston motion, gas volume dwindles in the variable volume water tank (71), pressure regulating tank (74) pressure increases, seawater enters variable volume water tank (71) by inlet strainer (9), when treating that seawater is full of variable volume water tank (71), pressure regulating tank (74) pressure maximum, control cabinet (78) control small motor (73) quits work, and this moment, self-powered formula sink-float safety installations slowly sank from the water surface, and the floating condition during by proper functioning becomes state of suspension under water; When severe sea condition passes by, control cabinet (78) control small motor (73) counter-rotating, large straight gear (75) counter-rotating, drive rack piston bar (72) by engagement and in variable volume water tank (71), carry out the piston motion, gas volume increases in the variable volume water tank (71), pressure regulating tank (74) pressure diminishes, seawater is extruded variable volume water tank (71) by variable volume water tank (71) by rack piston bar (72) by inlet strainer (9), after treating that self-powered formula sink-float safety installations emerges, control cabinet (78) control small motor (73) quits work, the same inlet strainer of rack piston bar (72) piston portion (9) close proximity in retaining buoyancy tank this moment (7), gassy in the retaining buoyancy tank (7), self-powered formula sink-float safety installations is from slowly floating the floating condition of the water surface when returning to proper functioning by state of suspension under water.

Claims (3)

1. self-powered formula sink-float safety installations, comprise electric power storage buoyancy tank, transmission of electricity spool, generating impeller, supporting frame, mounting hole, strut, retaining buoyancy tank, sealing screw, inlet strainer, it is characterized in that described electric power storage buoyancy tank connects by supporting frame with the retaining buoyancy tank; Support frame as described above is a circle structure; Described mounting hole is circular, and totally 6 symmetrical placement are in the supporting frame both sides.
2. self-powered formula according to claim 1 sink-float safety installations, it is characterized in that described electric power storage buoyancy tank comprises sealing cover one, generator, stuffing box bearing, power supply conversion line, storage battery, described generator overlaps arrangement with electric power storage buoyancy tank center, connects with the generating impeller by stuffing box bearing; Described generator forms by power supply conversion line with storage battery and is electrically connected.
3. self-powered formula sink-float safety installations according to claim 1 is characterized in that described retaining buoyancy tank comprises variable volume water tank, rack piston bar, small motor, pressure regulating tank, large straight gear, guide line, sealing cover two, control cabinet; Described variable volume water tank is connected with the pressure regulating tank is straight-through, and the variable volume water tank is with the straight-through outside that is connected the retaining buoyancy tank of inlet strainer; Described rack piston bar and retaining buoyancy tank central lines are settled, and link to each other with small motor by the large straight gear engagement; Described small motor forms with control cabinet by guide line and is electrically connected.
CN2013101115027A 2013-03-29 2013-03-29 Self-powered sinking and floating safety device CN103195641A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN103195641A true CN103195641A (en) 2013-07-10

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105757587A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-07-13 句容市万福达工艺品厂 Water floating lamp based on wave energy power generation
CN105822985A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-08-03 句容市万福达工艺品厂 Symmetric overwater floating lamp for generating power based on wave energy
CN105827919A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-08-03 句容市万福达工艺品厂 Water floating camera based on wave generation device

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1948752A (en) * 2005-10-13 2007-04-18 郭世光 Submerged floating type wind wave power generation ship
US20110068579A1 (en) * 2008-05-15 2011-03-24 Glen Dullaway Ocean Wave Energy Converter
CN102011679A (en) * 2010-11-18 2011-04-13 周文正 Autonomous-generating ship
CN201874739U (en) * 2010-11-16 2011-06-22 梁惠斌 Four-in-one power generation device utilizing wind power, sea waves, ground swells and solar energy
CN102200090A (en) * 2011-05-11 2011-09-28 肖立峰 Power generating device for power generation by utilizing seawater wave energy
CN102251912A (en) * 2011-06-15 2011-11-23 王钟鸣 Seabird-type two-arm wave energy collecting method
CN102556291A (en) * 2012-01-13 2012-07-11 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Suspending anti-typhoon system for floating type wave energy power generation device
US20120235413A1 (en) * 2009-08-25 2012-09-20 Giuseppe Raoul Piccinini Apparatus for producing electric or mechanical energy from wave motion
CN203146214U (en) * 2013-03-29 2013-08-21 上海海洋大学 Self-powered type sinking-swimming safety device

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1948752A (en) * 2005-10-13 2007-04-18 郭世光 Submerged floating type wind wave power generation ship
US20110068579A1 (en) * 2008-05-15 2011-03-24 Glen Dullaway Ocean Wave Energy Converter
US20120235413A1 (en) * 2009-08-25 2012-09-20 Giuseppe Raoul Piccinini Apparatus for producing electric or mechanical energy from wave motion
CN201874739U (en) * 2010-11-16 2011-06-22 梁惠斌 Four-in-one power generation device utilizing wind power, sea waves, ground swells and solar energy
CN102011679A (en) * 2010-11-18 2011-04-13 周文正 Autonomous-generating ship
CN102200090A (en) * 2011-05-11 2011-09-28 肖立峰 Power generating device for power generation by utilizing seawater wave energy
CN102251912A (en) * 2011-06-15 2011-11-23 王钟鸣 Seabird-type two-arm wave energy collecting method
CN102556291A (en) * 2012-01-13 2012-07-11 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Suspending anti-typhoon system for floating type wave energy power generation device
CN203146214U (en) * 2013-03-29 2013-08-21 上海海洋大学 Self-powered type sinking-swimming safety device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105757587A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-07-13 句容市万福达工艺品厂 Water floating lamp based on wave energy power generation
CN105822985A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-08-03 句容市万福达工艺品厂 Symmetric overwater floating lamp for generating power based on wave energy
CN105827919A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-08-03 句容市万福达工艺品厂 Water floating camera based on wave generation device

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Application publication date: 20130710

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