CN103168724A - Diverging-type splicing reef body - Google Patents

Diverging-type splicing reef body Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103168724A
CN103168724A CN 201210539672 CN201210539672A CN103168724A CN 103168724 A CN103168724 A CN 103168724A CN 201210539672 CN201210539672 CN 201210539672 CN 201210539672 A CN201210539672 A CN 201210539672A CN 103168724 A CN103168724 A CN 103168724A
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waste plastic
plastic bottles
bottle
waste
provided
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CN 201210539672
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103168724B (en )
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张俊
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浙江海洋学院
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, i.e. culture of aquatic animals

Abstract

The invention discloses a diverging-type splicing reef body which is low in manufacture and transportation cost and not prone to be corroded, has large quantities of cavity-type structures suitable for inhabitation and spawning of fishes and three-dimensional gap structures formed through splicing and benefits to forming of an artificial fishing ground. The diverging-type splicing reef body comprises a prefabricated connecting piece, a plurality of first waste plastic bottles and a plurality of second waste plastic bottles. The prefabricated connecting piece comprises a prefabricated plate and a plurality of connecting rods uniformly distributed on the periphery of the prefabricated plate and extending outwards, wherein a plurality of threaded holes are formed in a plate surface of the prefabricated plate and are uniformly distributed along the periphery of the plate surface where the threaded holes are located, the bottoms of the first waste plastic bottles and the bottoms of the second plastic waste bottles are open, each first waste plastic bottle is fixedly connected with the end portion of each connecting rod in a sleeved mode through an opening of each first waste plastic bottle, openings of the second waste plastic bottles are provided with threads, and each second waste plastic bottle is connected with the threaded holes in the prefabricated plate through the threads on the openings of the second waste plastic bottles.

Description

一种发散型拼接礁体 For spreading type splicing reef

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及鱼礁领域,具体涉及一种利用废弃瓶体构建的发散型拼接礁体。 [0001] The present invention relates to a fish reef, and in particular relates to a diverging splice reef construct utilizing the waste bottle.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 塑料瓶是日常生活中常见的一种物品,通常以聚乙烯或聚丙烯等为材料,并通过吹塑成型制得成品。 [0002] The plastic bottle is common in daily life of an article, typically a material such as polyethylene or polypropylene, and in products made by blow molding. 塑料瓶给我们的日常生活带来了极大的便利,但也因为它的难以降解而成为令人头疼的垃圾来源,并对环境造成危害。 Plastic bottles in our daily lives has brought great convenience, but also because it is difficult to degrade and become the source of trash headache, and can harm the environment.

[0003] 另一方面,由于海洋环境的恶化以及海洋渔业资源的过渡开发利用和破坏日益严重,如何通过人为方式来改善这一问题势在必行;其中以投放人工鱼礁的方式来改善海域生态环境,营造海洋生物栖息的良好环境,为鱼类等提供繁殖、生长和索饵等的场所取得了较好的效果。 [0003] On the other hand, due to the deterioration of the marine environment and the transition exploitation and destruction of marine fishery resources is becoming increasingly serious, how to improve this imperative by artificial means; which way to improve the waters of artificial reefs ecological environment, and create a favorable environment for marine life habitat, providing reproduction, growth and feeding and other places have achieved good results for the fish. 目前的人工鱼礁通常由石块、混凝土块、废旧车船等物体构成。 Current ARs usually consists of stone, concrete blocks, objects travel and other waste. 例如,中国专利公开号CN201821746U,公开日2011年5月11日,发明创造的名称为一种废旧渔船改装渔礁,该申请案利用废旧渔船的船体进行改造,在船体甲板上设置镂空混泥土礁体,并在船体内的下部设置混泥土体构成渔礁。 For example, Chinese Patent Publication No. CN201821746U, published on May 11, 2011, entitled created as a waste converted fishing reefs, the application using the hull of the fishing vessel to transform waste, hollow concrete reef set on the hull deck body and set concrete body composed of reefs in the lower part of the hull. 再如,中国专利公开号CN102599081A,公开日2012年7月25日,发明创造的名称为一种人工鱼礁,该申请案利用由钢筋混凝土浇铸而成一体的上部单元、左下部单元及右下部单元所形成;其通过组合堆叠构建鱼类产卵与栖息的场所,在多个组合的情况下还能大大提高人工鱼礁的稳定性与水动力性。 As another example, Chinese Patent Publication No. CN102599081A, published on July 25, 2012, title of the invention is a method to create artificial reefs, which application means by the upper cast integrally made of reinforced concrete, the lower left, and lower right part means part the unit formed; stacking constructed by a combination of fish spawning and habitat place, but also greatly improve the stability and hydrodynamic properties of artificial reefs in the case where a plurality of combinations.

[0004]目前利用废旧车船等物体构成的鱼礁,由于其主体材料为钢铁容易被腐蚀,使得鱼礁结构稳定性差;而由石块或混凝土块等物体构成的鱼礁,其存在质量大,不仅运输成本高并且造价成本也很高;而废弃塑料瓶由于其具有质量轻,难以降解不易被腐蚀的特点,若能够利用废弃塑料瓶来构建适于水生生物栖息的装置即鱼礁,不仅制作成本低,而且能够有效解决废弃塑料瓶的问题;因而如何利用废弃塑料瓶来构建适于水生生物栖息的装置是十分有意义的。 [0004] The use of current travel and other waste reef objects constituted, the material is a steel body which is susceptible to corrosion, such poor stability of the artificial reef structure; and reefs formed of objects such as stones or concrete blocks which there is a large mass, not only high transport costs and the construction cost is high; discarded plastic bottles because of its light weight, easy to be difficult to degrade the characteristics of corrosion, if the apparatus is adapted to construct the aquatic habitat can utilize waste plastic bottles reefs i.e., not only the production of low cost, and can effectively solve the problem of waste plastic bottles; waste plastic bottles thus how to construct a device adapted to aquatic habitat is very significant.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的第一目的是为了克服现有技术的鱼礁中存在的容易腐蚀,或制作、运输成本高的问题,提供一种利用废弃瓶体构建的发散型拼接礁体,其不仅制作方便,制作、运输成本低,不易被腐蚀;而且具有大量适于鱼类栖息、繁衍的洞穴型结构及拼接而成的三维间隙结构。 [0005] The first object of the present invention is to overcome the tendency to be corroded, or the production, high transport cost reef prior art problems existing, providing diverging splice reef constructed utilizing waste bottle, which is not only to facilitate production, production, transportation costs low, less susceptible to corrosion; and has a large number of suitable fish habitat, breeding caves mosaic structure and a three-dimensional gap structure.

[0006] 本发明的另一目的为了提供一种适于形成人工渔场的利用废弃瓶体构建的发散型拼接礁体。 [0006] Another object of the present invention to provide a divergent form adapted to splice artificial reef fisheries waste bottle construction.

[0007] 本发明的技术方案是: [0007] aspect of the present invention is:

一种发散型拼接礁体,包括预制连接件、若干第一废弃塑料瓶及第二废弃塑料瓶,所述预制连接件包括预制板及若干均匀分布在预制板周边上并往外延伸的连接杆,预制板的一板面上设有若干螺纹孔,且各螺纹孔沿其所在板面的边缘均匀分布设置;所述第一和第二废弃塑料瓶的瓶底开口,各第一废弃塑料瓶通过其瓶口套接固定在各连接杆的端部上;所述第二废弃塑料瓶的瓶口具有螺纹,且各第二废弃塑料瓶通过其瓶口的螺纹与预制板上的螺纹孔相连接。 For spreading reef type splicing, connecting member comprising a preform, a plurality of first and second waste plastic bottles discarded plastic bottles, said connecting member comprising a prefabricated preform and a plurality of uniformly distributed on the periphery of prefabricated panels extending outwardly and connecting rod, a face plate provided with a plurality of prefabricated panels threaded holes, and screw holes uniformly distributed along its face provided at the edge of the plate; the first and second waste plastic bottle bottom opening, each of the first through the waste plastic bottles sleeved bottle which is fixed to the end of each connecting rod; the second waste plastic bottle with a threaded bottle, and each bottle through which the second waste plastic bottle with a preformed screw hole in the plate is connected to .

[0008] 本方案利用废弃塑料瓶的耐腐蚀、质量轻,并且本身具有空腔的特点;通过预制连接件将若干第一废弃塑料瓶和第二废弃塑料瓶连接一起,且第一废弃塑料瓶和第二废弃塑料瓶连在预制板上构成三维框架结构;将其投入海底可形成利于鱼类栖息、繁衍的礁体即鱼礁。 [0008] The present embodiment is use of discarded plastic bottles corrosion resistance, light weight, and as such has the characteristics of a cavity; preform by connecting member connecting together the plurality of first and second waste plastic bottles discarded plastic bottles, plastic bottles and the first waste and a second waste plastic bottle with a three-dimensional framework composed of prefabricated plate; it may be formed into the seabed facilitate fish habitat, breeding fish reef i.e. reef. 预制连接件不仅可以起到连接的作用,还可以其配重的作用。 Prefabricated connecting member may be connected not only play a role, but also the role of its weight. 每一个瓶体内的洞穴型结构,各瓶体间的间隙结构以及相互交叠在一起的第一废弃塑料瓶和第二废弃塑料瓶之间的间隙都将形成适于鱼类栖息、繁衍的场所。 A gap between each of the cave structure inside the bottle, the structure of the gap between the respective bottle and overlapping each other with a first and a second waste plastic bottles are discarded plastic bottles suitable for forming fish habitat, breeding place .

[0009] 作为优选,包括主体杆件,主体杆件的一端设有限位挡块,另一端设有螺纹且螺纹上设有锁紧螺母;所述各第二废弃塑料瓶位于预制板的同一侧,且相邻两第二废弃塑料瓶之间设有间隙,预制板中部还设有连接孔;所述主体杆件上并排的设有若干上述预制连接件,各预制连接件通过其预制板上的连接孔套设在主体杆件上;所述主体杆件上与限位挡块相邻的预制板的板面抵靠在限位挡块上,主体杆件上与锁紧螺母相邻的预制板的板面抵靠在锁紧螺母端面上;所述各预制板上的第二废弃塑料瓶的瓶底开口朝向同一侧,且各第二废弃塑料瓶的瓶底开口边缘中的一部分抵靠在与其相邻的预制板的板面上,另一部分位于与其相邻预制板的外侧用于形成供鱼类进出的通道。 [0009] Preferably, the body includes a rod end, the rod body is provided with a limit stop, and the other end provided with threads and a threaded locknut; waste plastic bottles each of the second prefabricated panel on the same side of and between two adjacent second waste plastic bottles with a gap, it is also provided with central panels connecting hole; side by side with a plurality of said preform rod connecting member on the main body, each of the connecting member through which the preform prefabricated panel connection holes provided in the sleeve body on the rod member; said board member on the rod body and limit stop adjacent prefabricated panels abuts against the limit stop on the rod member adjacent the body of the lock nut board panels abuts against the end face of the lock nut; waste plastic bottles of a second of each of the prefabricated bottom plate opening towards the same side, and each of the second waste plastic bottle bottom portion of the opening edge in contact plate surface against the adjacent prefabricated panels, the other portion is located adjacent a passage for fish out for forming the outer panels.

[0010] 本方案利用主体杆件作为骨架将若干预制连接件并排的串接在一起,并通过锁紧螺母进行固定,进而构成一个结构稳定并具有大量适于鱼类栖息、繁衍的洞穴型结构及拼接而成的三维间隙结构;不仅制作、安装方便,而且适于批量制作。 [0010] The present embodiment using the lever body as a skeleton of a plurality of prefabricated connector strung together side by side and fixed by a lock nut, thus to constitute a structure having a stable and suitable for large cave structure fish habitat, breeding of and splicing a three-dimensional gap structure; not only production, easy to install, and suitable for mass production.

[0011] 尤其是其中的第二废弃塑料瓶不仅在装配时,对各预制连接件起到限位作用;而且第二废弃塑料瓶在本方案结构中还具有以下特点:其一,由于第二废弃塑料瓶的瓶底开口中的一部分被另一预制板遮挡,从而使供鱼类进出的第二废弃塑料瓶的瓶底开口的开口面积减小;这样第二废弃塑料瓶可以形成适于较小鱼类栖息、繁衍的场所。 [0011] especially where only a second waste plastic bottles during assembly, the connector functions for each preform limiting effect; discarded plastic bottles and the second structure of the present embodiment also has the following characteristics: First, since the second waste plastic bottle bottom portion of the opening is blocked by the other panels, so that the bottom of the second bottle for waste plastic fish out of the opening area of ​​the opening is reduced; such that the second waste plastic bottle adapted to be formed relatively small fish habitat, breeding place. 其二,两相邻预制板及其间的各第二废弃塑料瓶`还将围成适于鱼类栖息的网笼。 Second, each of the second `waste plastic bottles of two adjacent panels and between the fish habitat is also adapted to enclose the cage.

[0012] 作为优选,主体杆件上靠限位挡块的一端设有配重块,且配重块通过绳索与主体杆件相连接;所述主体杆件上靠螺纹的一端设有配重块浮力装置,该浮力装置的浮力大于主体杆件及其上的各预制连接件和第一废弃塑料瓶的重力之和,且该浮力装置的浮力小于主体杆件及其上的各预制连接件,第一废弃塑料瓶和配重块的重力之和。 [0012] Preferably, the upper end of the rod body against a limit stop is provided with weights, and a counterweight connected by a rope to the lever body; one end by a threaded rod member is provided with a body weight block buoyant means, the buoyancy of the buoyant means is greater than a lever body of each preform and the connecting member and the first waste plastic bottles and the gravity and the buoyancy of the buoyant means is less than the rod body and the connecting member on each preform the first waste plastic bottles and gravity and the counterweight.

[0013]目前的人工鱼礁投放到海底的位置都是随机的、无法控制,因而目前鱼礁通常是通过大量的鱼礁单体堆叠在一起,并随机的形成大量的孔隙空间;这对于如何以更少的鱼礁单体构建出更多、更大适于鱼类栖息的场所是不利的,这也导致目前鱼礁的经济性不佳。 [0013] It is to put the artificial reef subsea location is random, uncontrollable, which is currently usually by large reef fish reef monomers are stacked together and form a large number of random void space; how this fewer fish reef monomer building more and bigger fish habitat suitable place is unfavorable, which also led to the current economic reef fish poor.

[0014] 本方案利用主体杆件作为骨架,利用浮力装置和配重块设置在主体杆件的两端,且该浮力装置的浮力小于主体杆件及其上的各预制连接件,第一废弃塑料瓶和配重块的重力之和;这样在投放该礁体时,可以对礁体在海底的分布状态进行限定,使主体杆件呈竖直状态;进而使整个碟体耸立在海底,可以最大程度的提闻碟体占据的二维空间;并1旲拟海底珊瑚礁以最少的礁体在海底构建形成大量适于水生生物栖息、繁衍的场所。 [0014] The present embodiment using the lever body as a skeleton, and a buoyancy means is provided at both ends of the counterweight of the lever main body, and the buoyancy of the buoyant means is smaller than the body of each preform rod and the connecting member, a first waste plastic bottles and the counterweight and gravity; so that when serving the reef may be made to the distribution state defined in the seabed reef, so that the lever body was vertical state; turn the entire disc body is standing in the sea, can be Wen provide the greatest degree of two-dimensional space occupied by the plate member; and a bottom simulating Dae coral reef constructed with a minimum of place on the seabed is formed adapted to a large number of aquatic habitat, reproduction.

[0015] 作为优选,主体杆件上相邻两预制连接件上的第一废弃塑料瓶交错分布。 [0015] Advantageously, the first waste plastic bottle preform on two adjacent staggered distribution link lever body.

[0016] 作为优选,第一废弃塑料瓶中有一个塑料瓶内由其瓶口往瓶底方向上并排设有若干层易被海水腐蚀的铁质金属层,各铁质金属层的厚度为0.22至0.56毫米之间;各铁质金属层与第一废弃塑料瓶内壁密封连接,且该第一废弃塑料瓶的瓶口与连接杆之间密封连接;该第一废弃塑料瓶内位于其瓶口与相邻的铁质金属层之间以及相邻两铁质金属层之间形成密闭培育空腔,各密闭培育空腔内分别均设有锯末及若干藻类孢子;该第一废弃塑料的瓶底开口端设有封遮该端口的网布层,该网布层与相邻的铁质金属层之间也设有锯末及若干藻类孢子。 [0016] Advantageously, the first waste plastic bottles have a plastic bottle by bottle parallel to the direction of the bottom layer is provided with a plurality of seawater corrosion susceptible metal layer of iron, ferrous metal the thickness of each layer was 0.22 to 0.56 mm; each iron metal layer and the first inner wall of the waste plastic bottles sealed connection, and a connection rod between the first bottle and discarded plastic bottles sealed connection; the first waste plastic bottle at its neck finish cultivation and sealed cavity is formed between two adjacent layers between adjacent metal ferrous iron and metal layers, respectively, each of the closed cavities are incubated with sawdust and certain algae spores; the first waste plastic bottle sealing the open end with the port cover scrim layer, also provided with a plurality of sawdust and algae spores scrim layer between the adjacent layers ferrous metal.

[0017] 本方案利用塑料瓶不易被腐蚀,而铁质金属层易被海水腐蚀的特点,制作了本方案的藻类培养皿。 [0017] The present embodiment using a plastic bottle less susceptible to corrosion, and the corrosion of ferrous metal layer susceptible to the characteristics of seawater, algae culture dish made of the program. 普通钢铁在海水中的腐蚀率为每年0.1至0.2毫米之间,其最深的腐蚀点可达0.2至0.65晕米;因而本方案的铁质金属层的厚度为0.21至0.53晕米之间,使铁质金属层与海水接触后,大致在一年内能够被海水腐蚀穿透,进而使该铁质金属层后的密闭培育空腔内的藻类孢子被海水浸泡,并通过锯末作为营养基使藻类孢子在适当的季节进行生长。 Ordinary steel corrosion rate in seawater of from 0.1 to 0.2 millimeters per year between its deepest point corrosion halo up to 0.2 to 0.65 m; thus the thickness of the metal layer of iron of the present embodiment is halo between 0.21 to 0.53 meters, so that after the iron metal layer in contact with seawater, generally within a year can be penetrated marine corrosion, and further cultivating algae spores sealed cavity after the metal layer is soaked in water iron, nutrient and algae spores as sawdust the growth in due season.

[0018] 本方案在塑料瓶内由瓶底开口往内并排的设置若干层铁质金属层;是为了使塑料瓶内由瓶底开口往内的各铁质金属层逐年依次被腐蚀,进而使各密闭培育空腔内的藻类孢子逐年依次被海水浸泡,而锯末可以形成营养基使藻类孢子在适当的季节进行生长;因而本方案的栖息装置在投掷到海底后的连续几年内都可以逐年生长出藻类植物,进而主动吸引大量的海洋生物形成渔场。 [0018] In the present embodiment into the plastic bottle by a bottle provided with a plurality of parallel layers ferrous metal layer having openings; is to make plastic bottles in each layer of metal iron from the bottom toward the opening yearly sequentially etching, thereby enabling each of the closed cavities algae spores incubated sequentially yearly seawater immersion, and may be formed sawdust nutrient algae spores were grown in the appropriate season; means according to the present embodiment is therefore habitat can be grown in throw year to several years after the submarine the algae, then take the initiative to attract a large number of marine organisms to form fisheries.

[0019] 作为优选,各瓶底开口的第一废弃塑料瓶中至少有一个塑料瓶上由其瓶底开口端往内裁剪有若干条呈长条状触须,且各触须的根部位于第一废弃塑料瓶的瓶体中部;各触须往第一废弃塑料瓶四周延伸扩展。 [0019] Advantageously, each of the bottom opening of the first waste plastic bottle having at least one open end of the plastic bottle to the bottle by cutting the tentacles contain several strip-shaped, and located in the first root portion of each waste tentacles bottles mid-body plastic bottle; tentacles to each first extension extends around the waste plastic bottles.

[0020] 本方案的瓶体上靠瓶底一侧裁剪有若干条呈长条状触须,且各触须往第一废弃塑料瓶四周延伸扩展;这有利于海洋生物的附着生长,在废弃塑料瓶上形成大量海洋生物,进而引大量的鱼类形成渔场。 [0020] The program of the bottle on the bottom side of the cutting section with a plurality of strip-shaped tentacles, and each of the antennae toward the first extension extends around the waste plastic bottles; facilitate this attachment and growth of marine organisms in the waste plastic bottles formed a large number of marine organisms, in turn, leads formed large fish farms.

[0021] 作为优选,第一及第二废弃塑料瓶的瓶体上设有若干通孔。 [0021] Advantageously, a plurality of through holes on the first and second bottle waste plastic bottles.

[0022] 作为优选,同一预制连接件上的相邻两第一废弃塑料瓶的瓶底之间均设有拉绳,且拉绳的一端固定在其中一个第一废弃塑料瓶的瓶底上,另一端固定在另一个第一废弃塑料瓶的瓶底上。 [0022] Advantageously, between two adjacent first bottom waste plastic bottle preform on the same rope connecting member has one end fixed to the pull cord and wherein a first bottom waste plastic bottles, the other end is fixed to the other of the first bottom waste plastic bottles.

[0023] 本方案通过拉绳连接同一预制连接件上的相邻两第一废弃塑料瓶的瓶底,不仅提高了连接结构强度及稳定性;更重要的是,各拉绳与原有结构配合可以形成更加复杂的三维空间结构,利于鱼类的栖息、繁衍。 [0023] The present embodiment is connected by a cord on the same preform adjacent two of the first connecting member's bottom waste plastic bottles, not only to improve the structural strength and stability of the connection; More importantly, each of the cord with the original structure of the complex It can form a more complex three-dimensional structure, which will help fish habitat, reproduction. 另外,若干的拉绳还有利于海洋生物的附着生长,进而引大量的海洋生物形成渔场。 Further, a number of rope attachment also facilitates the growth of marine organisms, in turn, leads large fishing ground is formed of marine organisms.

[0024] 作为优选,连接杆的端面中部设有插接孔;所述第一废弃塑料瓶内还设有瓶底开口的第二废弃塑料瓶,第二废弃塑料瓶的瓶口内固定的设有插接杆;插接杆呈阶梯轴状,且插接杆上横截面积较大的一端插设在第二废弃塑料瓶的瓶口内,横截面积较小的一端位于第二废弃塑料瓶外侧并插设在插接孔内;所述第二废弃塑料瓶的瓶底开口端位于第一废弃塑料瓶的瓶体中部,且第二废弃塑料瓶的瓶底开口面积为第一废弃塑料瓶的瓶底开口面积的1/4至1/2之间。 [0024] Preferably, the central rod is provided with an end surface of the plug hole; the first waste plastic bottle also has a second bottom opening of the waste plastic bottles, the bottle is provided with a second fixed waste plastic bottle splice rod; splice rod stepped shaft shape, and the cross-sectional area larger end of the plug rod inserted in the second bottle discarded plastic bottles, cross-sectional area smaller end positioned outside the second waste plastic bottles and a plug inserted in the hole; bottom open end of the second waste plastic bottles in the middle of the first bottle discarded plastic bottles, and the bottom area of ​​the second opening as a first discarded plastic bottles discarded plastic bottles bottom opening area between 1/4 to 1/2.

[0025] 本方案通过在废弃塑料瓶上套设塑料瓶,形成多层次、复杂,并适用于各种不同大小鱼类栖息、生活的场所。 [0025] The present embodiment is provided on the sleeve by waste plastic bottles plastic bottles, to form a multi-level, complexity, and for a variety of different sizes of fish habitat, living in places. 由于第三废弃塑料瓶的瓶底位于第一废弃塑料瓶的瓶体中部,且第三废弃塑料瓶的瓶底开口面积为第一废弃塑料瓶的瓶底开口面积的2/7至4/7之间;其具有以下好处:其一,第一废弃塑料瓶内位于其瓶底与第三废弃塑料瓶的瓶底之间的腔体,可以作为较大鱼类的栖息、生活场所;其二,第三废弃塑料瓶可以在第一废弃塑料瓶内构建出一个体积较小的空腔,适用于作为小鱼的避难所及栖息、生活场所;其三,第三废弃塑料瓶与第一废弃塑料瓶之间还将形成一个环形腔体,该环形腔体的内外壁之间的间距比第三废弃塑料瓶瓶底口径更小,其适用于作为更小的幼鱼的避难所和栖息、生活场所。 Since the third waste plastic bottle bottom in the middle of the first bottle discarded plastic bottles, and the bottom area of ​​the third opening for waste plastic bottle bottom opening area of ​​the first waste plastic bottle 2/7 to 4/7 between; having the following advantages: first, a first waste plastic bottle cavity located between the bottom and the bottom third of its waste plastic bottles, can be as large fish habitat, life scene; Second third waste plastic bottles may be constructed in a first waste plastic bottles out of a small volume of the cavity, and applicable to shelter habitat, as a place to live fish; third, the first and third waste discarded plastic bottles a plastic bottle will be formed between annular cavity, the spacing between the inner and outer walls of the annular chamber is smaller than the third diameter of the bottom of waste plastic bottles, which is less suitable for use as shelters and juvenile habitat, place to live.

[0026] 另一方面,阶梯轴状的插接杆,作为连杆可以方便的将第二废弃塑料瓶固定在连接杆端面的插接孔。 [0026] On the other hand, a stepped shaft shaped plug rod, a second connecting rod can easily be discarded plastic bottles insertion hole connecting rod fixed to the end face.

[0027] 本发明的有益效果是:利用废弃瓶体构建的发散型拼接礁体,其不仅制作、运输成本低,不易被腐蚀;具有大量适于鱼类栖息、繁衍的洞穴型结构及拼接而成的三维间隙结构;而且适于形成人工渔场。 [0027] Advantageous effects of the present invention are: the use of diverging splice waste bottle reef construction, not only the production, transportation costs low, less susceptible to corrosion; suitable for a large number of fish habitat, breeding cave structure and splicing the three-dimensional structure into the gap; and suitable for forming artificial fishery.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0028] 图1是本发明的预制连接件处的一种结构示意图。 [0028] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the connection of the preform according to the present invention.

[0029] 图2是内部设有废弃塑料瓶的第一废弃塑料瓶处的一种剖面结构示意图。 [0029] FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional schematic view of a first waste plastic bottles provided at the inside of the waste plastic bottles.

[0030] 图3是内部设有锯末及若干藻类孢子的第一废弃塑料瓶处的一种剖面结构示意图。 [0030] FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional schematic view of a first bottle of the waste plastic sawdust and provided with a plurality of internal algae spores.

[0031] 图4是本发明的一种发散型拼接礁体的一种结构示意图。 [0031] FIG. 4 is a schematic structure of a diverging splicing reef of the present invention.

[0032] 图5是本发明的第二废弃塑料瓶处的一种剖面结构示意图。 [0032] FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional schematic view of a second waste plastic bottles at the present invention.

[0033] 图中:预制连接件1、预制板2、连接杆3、第一废弃塑料瓶4、连接孔5、第二废弃塑料瓶6、触须7、第三废弃塑料瓶8、插接杆9、铁质金属层10、密闭培育空腔11、网布层12、主体杆件13、锁紧螺母14、配重块15、浮力装置16、拉绳17、螺纹孔18。 [0033] FIG: connecting member preform 1, panels 2, connecting rod 3, the first waste plastic bottles 4, the connection hole 5, a second waste plastic bottles 6, 7 tentacles, third waste plastic bottles 8, splice rod 9, ferrous metal layer 10, the closed cultivation chamber 11, 12, the lever body scrim layer 13, locking nut 14, the counterweight 15, the buoyant means 16, rope 17, a threaded hole 18.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0034] 下面结合附图与具体实施方式对本发明作进一步详细描述: [0034] The present invention will be described in further detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings DETAILED DESCRIPTION:

如图1、图4、图5所示,一种发散型拼接礁体,包括主体杆件13,预制连接件I及若干第一废弃塑料瓶4及第二废弃塑料瓶6。 As shown in FIG. 1, FIG. 4, FIG. 5 A diverging splicing reef, rod 13 comprises a main body, and a plurality of prefabricated first connector I waste plastic bottles 4 and second 6 waste plastic bottles. 预制连接件I包括预制板2及若干均匀分布在预制板周边上并往外延伸的连接杆3。 I preform comprises a connecting member 2 and a plurality of uniformly distributed on the periphery of prefabricated panels and prefabricated panels outwardly extending connecting rod 3. 预制板2呈圆形,各连接杆3沿预制板径向延伸。 Circular panels 2, 3 of each connecting rod along a radially extending panels. 所述预制板2、各连接杆3及各构建杆6为一体成型结构,且其材质为塑料。 The panels 2, 3 and each respective connecting rod lever 6 is constructed integrally formed structure, and which is made of plastic. 预制板2中部设有连接孔5。 2 middle panels 5 is provided with connection holes. 预制板的一板面上设有若干螺纹孔18,且各螺纹孔沿其所在板面的边缘均匀分布设置。 A face plate provided with a plurality of prefabricated panels threaded holes 18, and screw holes along the edge of the pad which it is distributed uniformly disposed. 第一废弃塑料瓶4和第二废弃塑料瓶6的瓶底完全开口。 The first waste plastic bottle bottom 4 and a second waste plastic bottle 6 is completely open. 各第一废弃塑料瓶4通过其瓶口套接固定在各连接杆3的端部上。 Each of the first waste plastic bottles sleeved 4 fixed to the end portion of each tie bar 3 through which the bottle. 第二废弃塑料瓶6的瓶口具有螺纹,且各第二废弃塑料瓶通过其瓶口的螺纹与预制板2上的螺纹孔18相连接。 The second waste plastic bottle having a threaded neck finish 6, each of the second and discarded plastic bottles are connected by threaded holes 2 with its threaded finish 18 prefabricated. 各第二废弃塑料瓶6位于预制板2的同一侧,且相邻两第二废弃塑料瓶6之间设有间隙。 Each second waste plastic bottles 6 on the same side of the panels 2, and two adjacent second waste plastic bottles is provided between the gap 6. 第一和第二废弃塑料瓶的瓶体上均设有若干通孔。 The first and second bottle discarded plastic bottles are provided with a plurality of through holes.

[0035] 各预制连接件I上的第一废弃塑料瓶4中有两个塑料瓶上由其瓶底开口端往内裁剪有若干条呈长条状触须7,且各触须的根部位于第一废弃塑料瓶4的瓶体中部。 [0035] The first waste plastic bottle on each I preform connecting member 4 has on both ends by a plastic bottle into the bottom opening cut several pieces have strip-shaped antennae 7 and located in the first root portion of each tentacle bottle waste plastic body 4 middle. 各触须往第一废弃塑料瓶四周延伸扩展。 Each of the antennae toward the first extension extends around the waste plastic bottles.

[0036] 如图2所示,连接杆3的端面中部设有插接孔。 [0036] As shown in FIG 2, the connecting rod insertion end face of the center hole 3 is provided. 第一废弃塑料瓶4内还设有瓶底开口的第三废弃塑料瓶8。 The first waste plastic bottle 4 also has a third opening in the bottom of waste plastic bottles 8. 第三废弃塑料瓶8的瓶口内固定的设有插接杆9。 Fixed with the waste plastic bottle finish third rod 9 8 plug. 插接杆9呈阶梯轴状,且插接杆9上横截面积较大的一端插设在第三废弃塑料瓶8的瓶口内,横截面积较小的一端位于第三废弃塑料瓶8外侧并插设在插接孔内。 Splice rod 9 stepped shaft shape, and the plug rod cross-sectional area larger end 9 is inserted in the bottle 8 third waste plastic bottles, cross-sectional area smaller end positioned outside of the third waste plastic bottles 8 and a plug inserted in the hole. 第三废弃塑料瓶8的瓶底开口端位于第一废弃塑料瓶4的瓶体中部,即第三废弃塑料瓶8的瓶底开口端位于第一废弃塑料瓶4的瓶口与瓶底之间的中间位置。 The bottom end of the third opening of the waste plastic bottle 8 in the middle of the first bottle discarded plastic bottles 4, i.e., the bottom open end of the third waste plastic bottles 8 positioned in the first waste plastic bottles between the mouth and the bottom 4 intermediate position. 第三废弃塑料瓶8的瓶底开口面积为第一废弃塑料瓶4的瓶底开口面积的1/4至1/2之间。 The third area of ​​waste plastic bottle bottom opening 8 of the bottle opening area 4 between 1/4 to 1/2 of the first waste plastic bottles. 第三废弃塑料瓶的瓶体上设有若干通孔。 A plurality of through holes third bottle waste plastic bottles. 该通孔的横截面积为第三废弃塑料瓶的瓶底开口面积的1/10。 1/10 of the cross-sectional opening area of ​​the through hole bottom as a third waste plastic bottles.

[0037] 上述第一废弃塑料瓶内套设有塑料瓶,进而形成多层次、复杂,并适用于各种不同大小鱼类栖息、生活的场所。 [0037] The first set of discarded plastic bottles provided with a plastic bottle, thus forming a multi-level, complexity, and for a variety of different sizes of fish habitat, living place. 由于第三废弃塑料瓶的瓶底位于第一废弃塑料瓶的瓶体中部,且第三废弃塑料瓶的瓶底开口面积为第一废弃塑料瓶的瓶底开口面积的1/4至1/2之间;其具有以下好处:其一,第一废弃塑料瓶内位于其瓶底与第三废弃塑料瓶的瓶底之间的腔体,可以作为较大鱼类的栖息、生活场所;其二,第三废弃塑料瓶可以在第一废弃塑料瓶内构建出一个体积较小的空腔,适用于作为小鱼的避难所及栖息、生活场所;其三,第三废弃塑料瓶与第一废弃塑料瓶之间还将形成一个环形腔体,该环形腔体的内外壁之间的间距比第三废弃塑料瓶瓶底口径更小,其适用于作为更小的幼鱼的避难所和栖息、生活场所。 Since the third waste plastic bottle bottom in the middle of the first bottle discarded plastic bottles, and the bottom area of ​​the third opening for waste plastic bottle bottom opening area of ​​the first waste plastic bottle 1/4 to 1/2 between; having the following advantages: first, a first waste plastic bottle cavity located between the bottom and the bottom third of its waste plastic bottles, can be as large fish habitat, life scene; Second third waste plastic bottles may be constructed in a first waste plastic bottles out of a small volume of the cavity, and applicable to shelter habitat, as a place to live fish; third, the first and third waste discarded plastic bottles a plastic bottle will be formed between annular cavity, the spacing between the inner and outer walls of the annular chamber is smaller than the third diameter of the bottom of waste plastic bottles, which is less suitable for use as shelters and juvenile habitat, place to live.

[0038] 如图1、图3所示,各预制连接件I上的第一废弃塑料瓶4中有一个塑料瓶内由其瓶口往瓶底方向上并排设有若干层易被海水腐蚀的铁质金属层10。 [0038] As shown in FIG 1, FIG. 3, each of the prefabricated member of the first connector on the I discarded plastic bottles in a plastic bottle 4 bottle therefrom parallel to the direction of the bottom layer is provided with a plurality of seawater corrosion susceptible ferrous metal layer 10. 各铁质金属层的厚度为0.22至0.56毫米之间。 The thickness of each layer of the metal iron is between 0.22 to 0.56 millimeters. 各铁质金属层10与第一废弃塑料瓶4内壁密封连接,且该第一废弃塑料瓶4的瓶口与连接杆3之间密封连接。 Ferrous metal seal layers 10 each connected to the inner wall 4 of the first waste plastic bottles, plastic bottles and the first waste bottle 4 is sealed connection between the connecting rod 3. 相邻两铁质金属层10之间的间距为7毫米。 The spacing 10 between two adjacent ferrous metal layers 7 mm. 该第一废弃塑料瓶4内位于其瓶口与相邻的铁质金属层之间以及相邻两铁质金属层之间形成密闭培育空腔11。 The first waste plastic bottle 4 is located within the cavity 11 formed between the sealed and incubated two adjacent ferrous metal layer between the mouth and the adjacent layer ferrous metal. 各密闭培育空腔内分别均设有锯末及若干藻类孢子。 Each closed cavities are incubated with sawdust and a number-average algae spores. 该第一废弃塑料的瓶底开口端设有封遮该端口的网布层12,该网布层与相邻的铁质金属层10之间也设有锯末及若干藻类孢子。 The first waste plastic bottle is provided with an open end of the port closure cover mesh layer 12 also has a plurality of sawdust and algae spores between the adjacent scrim layers 10 of ferrous metal layers.

[0039] 上述铁质金属层10的材质可以设置为“Ni2.5CrCu铸铁”,且该铁质金属层的厚度为0.35至0.38毫米之间。 [0039] The iron material of the metal layer 10 can be set to "Ni2.5CrCu cast iron", and the thickness of the metal layer of iron between 0.35 to 0.38 mm is. 由于Ni2.5CrCu铸铁在海水中的腐蚀率为每年0.14至0.18毫米之间,其最深的腐蚀点可达0.4至0.45毫米;因而该铁质金属层的厚度为0.35至0.4毫米之间,使该铁质金属层与海水接触后,大致在一年内能够被海水腐蚀穿透。 Since the rate of corrosion of iron in seawater Ni2.5CrCu of between .14 to .18 mm per year, which is the deepest point of corrosion up from 0.4 to 0.45 mm; thus the thickness of the metal layer between the iron from 0.35 to 0.4 mm, so that after the iron metal layer in contact with seawater, generally within a year can be penetrated seawater corrosion. 上述铁质金属层的材质还可以设置为“CuCr球墨铸铁”,且该铁质金属层的厚度为0.5至0.52毫米之间。 Ferrous metal material of the layer may be provided as a "ductile iron of CuCr", and the thickness of the layer is between ferrous metal 0.5 to 0.52 mm. 由于CuCr球墨铸铁在海水中的腐蚀率为每年0.15至0.19毫米之间,其最深的腐蚀点可达0.6至0.7毫米;因而该铁质金属层的厚度为0.5至0.52毫米之间,使该铁质金属层与海水接触后,大致在一年内能够被海水腐蚀穿透。 Since the etching rate between CuCr ductile iron in seawater of from 0.15 to 0.19 mm per year, which is the deepest point of corrosion up from 0.6 to 0.7 millimeters; thus the thickness of the layer is between ferrous metal 0.5 to 0.52 mm, so that the iron after the elemental metal layer in contact with seawater, generally within a year can be penetrated seawater corrosion. [0040] 如图4、图5所示,主体杆件13的一端设有限位挡块,另一端设有螺纹且螺纹上设有锁紧螺母14。 [0040] FIG. 4, FIG. 5, the rod end of the body member 13 is provided with a limit stop provided on the other end provided with screw thread and a lock nut 14. 主体杆件13上并排的设有若干上述预制连接件1,且各预制连接件I通过其预制板2上的连接孔5套设在主体杆件13上。 The lever body 13 is provided with a plurality of parallel said preform connecting member 1, and each preform connection through the connection hole I which panels 2 5 sleeve disposed on the body member 13 bar. 主体杆件上与限位挡块相邻的预制板的板面抵靠在限位挡块上。 Board body and the rod limit stop adjacent prefabricated panels abuts the limit stops. 主体杆件上与锁紧螺母相邻的预制板的板面抵靠在锁紧螺母端面上。 The plate surface of the lock nut and the adjacent panels of the rod abuts against the lock nut main body end surface. 主体杆件上相邻两预制连接件上的第一废弃塑料瓶交错分布。 The first waste plastic bottle preform on two adjacent staggered distribution link on the rod body. 各预制板2上的第二废弃塑料瓶6的瓶底开口朝向同一侧。 A second bottom waste plastic bottle 26 on the respective panels opening towards the same side. 各第二废弃塑料瓶6的瓶底开口边缘中的一部分抵靠在与其相邻的预制板2的板面上,另一部分位于与其相邻预制板2的外侧用于形成供鱼类进出的通道;也就是说,各第二废弃塑料瓶6的瓶底开口中有一部分开口位于预制板2的外侧。 An opening portion of the plate surface against the edges of the bottom 6 of the second waste plastic bottles in adjacent panels 2, and the other portion is located adjacent a passage for fish out of outer panels for forming 2 ; That is, each of the second waste plastic bottle bottom opening 6 is located outside an opening in a portion of the panels 2. [0041] 主体杆件13上靠限位挡块的一端设有配重块15,且配重块通过绳索与主体杆件相连接。 [0041] The body member 13 against the end of the rod limit stop block 15 is provided with a weight, and a counterweight connected by a rope to the lever body. 主体杆件13上靠螺纹的一端设有浮力装置16。 The lever body 13 against the threaded end 16 is provided with buoyancy means. 浮力装置通过绳索与主体杆件相连接,且浮力装置16由若干具有封闭腔体的废弃塑料瓶组成。 Buoyant means through a cable connected to the lever body, and a plurality of buoyant means 16 having a closed waste plastic bottle cavity composition. 该浮力装置16的浮力大于主体杆件13及其上的各预制连接件I和第一废弃塑料瓶4的重力之和,且该浮力装置16的浮力小于主体杆件13及其上的各预制连接件1,第一废弃塑料瓶4和配重块15的重力之和。 The buoyancy of the buoyant means 16 is greater than the sum of the preform rod 13 and the connecting member main body I and the gravity of the first waste plastic bottles and 4, and the buoyancy of the buoyant means 16 is less than the respective preform rod 13 and the body a connecting member, a first waste plastic bottles 4 and the counterweight 15 and the sum of the gravity. 同一预制连接件I上的相邻两第一废弃塑料瓶4的瓶底之间均设有拉绳17,且拉绳的一端固定在其中一个第一废弃塑料瓶的瓶底上,另一端固定在另一个第一废弃塑料瓶的瓶底上。 I preform the same connector on the bottom between two adjacent first waste plastic bottles 4 are provided with rope 17, and one end of the rope is fixed to the bottom wherein a first waste plastic bottles, and the other end is fixed on the other of the first bottom waste plastic bottles.

[0042] 本发明的发散型拼接礁体直接投入海底即可形成适于鱼类栖息、繁衍的场所。 [0042] diverging splice reef of the present invention can be formed directly into the seabed properties suitable fish habitat, reproduction. 由于浮力装置16的浮力大于主体杆件13及其上的各预制连接件I和第一废弃塑料瓶4的重力之和,且该浮力装置16的浮力小于主体杆件13及其上的各预制连接件1,第一废弃塑料瓶4和配重块15的重力之和;这样在投放该礁体时,可以对礁体在海底的分布状态进行限定,使主体杆件13呈竖直状态;进而使整个礁体耸立在海底,可以最大程度的提高礁体占据的三维空间;并模拟海底珊瑚礁以最少的礁体在海底构建形成大量适于水生生物栖息、繁衍的场所。 Buoyancy of the buoyant means 16 is greater than the body of each preform rod 13 and the connecting member and the first I gravity of waste plastic bottles and 4, and the buoyancy of the buoyant means 16 is less than on the body of each preform rod 13 and its connector 1, a first 4 and waste plastic bottles of gravity and the counterweight 15; when the reef so served, may be defined for distribution reef on the seabed, so that the lever body 13 has a vertical state; Further reef so that the whole stands in the seabed, the greatest degree of three-dimensional space can be occupied by the increase reef; and simulate seabed coral reef constructed with minimal formation of large aquatic habitat adapted to the seabed, breeding places.

Claims (8)

1.一种发散型拼接礁体,其特征是,包括预制连接件(I )、若干第一废弃塑料瓶(4)及第二废弃塑料瓶(6),所述预制连接件包括预制板(2)及若干均匀分布在预制板周边上并往外延伸的连接杆(3),预制板的一板面上设有若干螺纹孔(18),且各螺纹孔沿其所在板面的边缘均匀分布设置;所述第一和第二废弃塑料瓶的瓶底开口,各第一废弃塑料瓶(4)通过其瓶口套接固定在各连接杆(3)的端部上;所述第二废弃塑料瓶的瓶口具有螺纹,且各第二废弃塑料瓶(6)通过其瓶口的螺纹与预制板上的螺纹孔(18)相连接。 A diverging splicing reef, characterized in that the connecting member comprises a preform (the I), a first plurality of discarded plastic bottles (4) and a second waste plastic bottles (6), said connecting member comprises a prefabricated panel preform ( connecting rod (3) 2) and a plurality of uniformly distributed over the periphery and extending out of prefabricated panels, a face plate provided with a plurality of prefabricated panels threaded holes (18), and screw holes distributed uniformly along the edge of its plate surface provided; the first and second bottom opening discarded plastic bottles, plastic bottles each of the first waste (4) through which the spout portion is fixed in the socket end of each connecting rod (3); said second waste plastic bottle with a threaded bottle, and each of the second waste plastic bottles (6) which is connected through a screw hole of the bottle with a preformed plate (18).
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种发散型拼接礁体,其特征是,包括主体杆件(13),主体杆件的一端设有限位挡块,另一端设有螺纹且螺纹上设有锁紧螺母(14);所述各第二废弃塑料瓶(6)位于预制板的同一侧,且相邻两第二废弃塑料瓶之间设有间隙,预制板中部还设有连接孔(5);所述主体杆件(13)上并排的设有若干上述预制连接件(I),各预制连接件通过其预制板(2)上的连接孔(5)套设在主体杆件上;所述主体杆件上与限位挡块相邻的预制板的板面抵靠在限位挡块上,主体杆件上与锁紧螺母相邻的预制板的板面抵靠在锁紧螺母端面上;所述各预制板(2)上的第二废弃塑料瓶(6)的瓶底开口朝向同一侧,且各第二废弃塑料瓶¢)的瓶底开口边缘中的一部分抵靠在与其相邻的预制板(2)的板面上,另一部分位于与其相邻预制板的外侧用于形成供鱼类进出的通道。 2. According to a diverging splice reef according to claim 1, characterized in that the body comprises a rod (13), one end of the lever body is provided with a limit stop, provided on the other end is provided with screw threads, and a locking nut (14); each of said second waste plastic bottles (6) on the same side of the prefabricated panels, and is provided between two adjacent second gap discarded plastic bottles, is also provided with central panels connecting hole (5 ); said body is provided with a plurality of parallel rods connected to said preform member (I) (13), through which the respective precast panels connecting member (connecting hole (5) on 2) provided on the lever body sleeve; the upper surface of the rod body bump stopper plate adjacent prefabricated panels abuts against the limit stop surface of the locking nut plate adjacent prefabricated panels on the rod body against the lock nut end face; abuts a portion of the respective opening edge of the prefabricated plate (2) a second waste plastic bottles (6) opening towards the bottom of the same side, and each of the second waste plastic bottles ¢) in the bottom of its adjacent prefabricated panels (2) of the plate surface of the other portion is located adjacent a passage for fish out for forming the outer panels.
3.根据权利要求2所述的一种发散型拼接礁体,其特征是,所述主体杆件(13)上靠限位挡块的一端设有配重块(15),且配重块通过绳索与主体杆件相连接;所述主体杆件上靠螺纹的一端设有配重块浮力装置(16),该浮力装置的浮力大于主体杆件及其上的各预制连接件和第一废弃塑料瓶的重力之和,且该浮力装置的浮力小于主体杆件及其上的各预制连接件,第一废弃塑料瓶和配重块的重力之和。 3. The reef diverging splice according to claim 2, characterized in that said lever body (13) against a limit stop is provided at one end with a weight (15), and a counterweight through a cable connected to the lever main body; thread provided on an end of the counterweight buoyant means (16) on said lever body, the buoyancy of the buoyant means is larger than the rod body and on each of the first connector and the preform waste plastic bottles and the gravity and the buoyancy of the buoyant means is smaller than the main body and the rod connecting member on each preform, the first waste plastic bottles and gravity and the counterweight.
4.根据权利要求2或3所述的一种发散型拼接礁体,其特征是,主体杆件上相邻两预制连接件上的第一废弃塑料瓶交错分布。 4. According to a diverging splice reef 2 or claim 3, characterized in that the first waste plastic bottle preform on two adjacent rod connecting member body staggered distribution.
5.根据权利要求1所述的一种发散型拼接礁体,其特征是,所述第一废弃塑料瓶(4)中有一个塑料瓶内由其瓶口往瓶底方向上并排设有若干层易被海水腐蚀的铁质金属层(10),各铁质金属层的厚度为0.22至0.56毫米之间;各铁质金属层与第一废弃塑料瓶内壁密封连接,且该第一废弃塑料瓶(4)的`瓶口与连接杆(3)之间密封连接;该第一废弃塑料瓶内位于其瓶口与相邻的铁质金属层之间以及相邻两铁质金属层之间形成密闭培育空腔(11),各密闭培育空腔内分别均设有锯末及若干藻类孢子;该第一废弃塑料的瓶底开口端设有封遮该端口的网布层12,该网布层与相邻的铁质金属层之间也设有锯末及若干藻类孢子。 5. According to a diverging splice reef according to claim 1, characterized in that said first waste plastic bottles (4) in a plastic bottle by bottle direction parallel to the bottom of the bottle has a plurality of seawater corrosion susceptible layer ferrous metal layer (10), the thickness of each layer is between the metal iron 0.22 to 0.56 mm; each iron metal layer and the first inner wall sealingly connected discarded plastic bottles, plastic waste and the first tight connection between the bottle (4) of the connecting rod `bottle (3); the first waste plastic bottle which is positioned between the mouth and the metal layer and adjacent ferrous iron metal layer between two adjacent cultivation is formed a closed cavity (11), each of the cavities are closed cultivation has a plurality of sawdust and algae spores; waste plastic bottom of the first opening end closure is provided with the port cover scrim layer 12, the mesh sawdust and also has a plurality of layers of algae spores and between adjacent layers of ferrous metal.
6.根据权利要求1或2或3或5所述的一种发散型拼接礁体,其特征是,所述各瓶底开口的第一废弃塑料瓶(4)中至少有一个塑料瓶上由其瓶底开口端往内裁剪有若干条呈长条状触须(7),且各触须的根部位于第一废弃塑料瓶的瓶体中部;各触须往第一废弃塑料瓶四周延伸扩展。 6. A splice according to one diverging reef 1 or 2 or 3 or according to claim 5, characterized in that the bottom of each opening of the first waste plastic bottles (4) in at least one of a plastic bottle its bottom open end of the crop to contain several strip-shaped antennae (7), and a root portion located in the middle of each bottle tentacles first waste plastic bottles; each of the antennae to a first extension extending around the waste plastic bottles.
7.根据权利要求1或2或3或6所述的一种发散型拼接礁体,其特征是,所述第一及第二废弃塑料瓶的瓶体上设有若干通孔。 The type 1 or 2 for spreading reef splicing or 3 or according to claim 6, characterized in that a plurality of through holes on the first and second bottle waste plastic bottles.
8.根据权利要求1或2或3或6所述的一种发散型拼接礁体,其特征是,同一预制连接件上的相邻两第一废弃塑料瓶的瓶底之间均设有拉绳(17),且拉绳的一端固定在其中一个第一废弃塑料瓶的瓶底上,另一端固定在另一个第一废弃塑料瓶的瓶底上。 8. According to a diverging splice reef 1 or 2 or 3 or according to claim 6, characterized in that the bottom between two adjacent first waste plastic bottles on the same preform has pulled connecting member rope (17), and one end of the rope is fixed to the bottom wherein a first waste plastic bottles, and the other end is fixed to the other of the first bottom waste plastic bottles.
CN 201210539672 2012-12-13 2012-12-13 Diverging-type splicing reef body CN103168724B (en)

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CN201928814U (en) * 2010-11-04 2011-08-17 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 Tower-shaped ecological wind wave-resistant artificial fish reef
CN203072652U (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-07-24 浙江海洋学院 Diverging type split-joint reef body

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR3027487A1 (en) * 2014-10-28 2016-04-29 Ecocean Device and method for producing an artificial marine habitat Secure under submerged parts of structures
WO2016066958A1 (en) * 2014-10-28 2016-05-06 Ecocean Device and method for producing a secure artificial marine habitat in submerged portions of constructions

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