CN103129687A - Low-cost solar electromagnetic power assisting bicycle - Google Patents

Low-cost solar electromagnetic power assisting bicycle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103129687A
CN103129687A CN2013100835444A CN201310083544A CN103129687A CN 103129687 A CN103129687 A CN 103129687A CN 2013100835444 A CN2013100835444 A CN 2013100835444A CN 201310083544 A CN201310083544 A CN 201310083544A CN 103129687 A CN103129687 A CN 103129687A
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China
Prior art keywords
bicycle
power
assisted
solar
electromagnetism
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CN2013100835444A
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CN103129687B (en
Inventor
陈蜀乔
陈雨彤
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Wujiang science and Technology Pioneer Park Management Service Co., Ltd
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陈蜀乔
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Priority to CN201710824394.6A priority Critical patent/CN107600294B/en
Priority to CN201710893126.XA priority patent/CN107618612A/en
Priority to CN201710893112.8A priority patent/CN107738721A/en
Priority to CN201710824028.0A priority patent/CN107600295B/en
Priority to CN201310083544.4A priority patent/CN103129687B/en
Publication of CN103129687A publication Critical patent/CN103129687A/en
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Publication of CN103129687B publication Critical patent/CN103129687B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62MRIDER PROPULSION OF WHEELED VEHICLES OR SLEDGES; POWERED PROPULSION OF SLEDGES OR SINGLE-TRACK CYCLES; TRANSMISSIONS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR SUCH VEHICLES
    • B62M6/00Rider propulsion of wheeled vehicles with additional source of power, e.g. combustion engine or electric motor
    • B62M6/80Accessories, e.g. power sources; Arrangements thereof
    • B62M6/85Solar cells
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L7/00Electrodynamic brake systems for vehicles in general
    • B60L7/10Dynamic electric regenerative braking
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/14Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from dynamo-electric generators driven at varying speed, e.g. on vehicle
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/46Vehicles with auxiliary ad-on propulsions, e.g. add-on electric motor kits for bicycles

Abstract

The invention relates to a low-cost solar electromagnetic power assisting bicycle. The low-cost solar electromagnetic power assisting bicycle is composed of a bicycle shopping basket solar cover board 2, a position sensor 4, an electromagnetic power assisting plate 5, a rear luggage-carrier solar cell panel 6, a power assisting permanent magnet 8 and a torque sensor 25. A torque signal sensing coil 24 and the position sensor 4 transmit torque signals and bearing signals of bicycle movement states to an electric control board 26, the electric control board controls the electromagnetic power assisting plate 5 through a brake electric control assemble line 12, and the bicycle shopping basket solar cover board 2 and the rear luggage-carrier solar cell panel 6 provide power to a storage battery 7. According to the low-cost solar electromagnetic power assisting bicycle, a motor is not adopted, the power assisting system cannot change feelings of a rider, the solar cell panel is adopted to supply power, energy is saved, when the bicycle is braked, the electric power can be recycled automatically, and the labor energy of the rider is saved. The low-cost solar electromagnetic power assisting bicycle is a small and exquisite power assisting device which is excellent in performance, is extremely simple in structure, good in market prospect and free from discharging and has an extremely important value on bicycle popularization and usage.

Description

A kind of low-cost solar electromagnetism power-assisted bicycle
Technical field
The present invention is a kind of low-cost solar electromagnetism power-assisted bicycle, belongs to the apparatus of transport technical field.
Background technology
Present morpet is divided into two classes, and its merits and faults is respectively arranged.Electric bicycle does not produce waste gas, environmental protection; The fuel bicycle oil firing can produce waste gas, not environmental protection.The shortcoming of Electrical Bicycle is the time of riding to be limited by battery behavior, and what use at present is mainly lead-acid battery, and energy storage density is low, limited the distance of riding, storage battery used after 1 year, usually needed charging every day, if you live upstairs, Moped Scooter is too heavy, can't carry on the building, if go up a slope, the underproof of general motor, partially soft, if increase power of motor, the weight of battery and motor will increase greatly, the corresponding increase of manufacturing cost; For fuel bicycle, engine power is greater than power of motor, and fuel weight is far smaller than battery weight, and climbing very energetically, and need not refuel everyday, speed is also fast, and is more quick than battery-driven car, but car body own is because installing driving engine, car body is also very heavy, and the burning fuel oil, meeting blow down gas, contaminated environment.Consuming electric power is wanted in a large amount of uses of Moped Scooter, and these electric energy major parts are electric energy that thermal powerplant provides, and thermal powerplant will be got rid of a large amount of CO equally 2, there is destruction equally in environment.Be exactly bicycle to the most friendly vehicle of environment at present; but bicycle but is limited by bicyclist's muscle power; muscle power as the how minimum change person that saves the cycling; allow riding of bicycle become a kind of easily happy behavior; this just needs the small and exquisite work-saving device of a kind of superior performance; this is not only market demand, the more important thing is protection of the environment is significant, and the penetration and promotion of bicycle is had extremely important value.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is higher in order to overcome existing machinery hydraulic booster system energy consumption, pipeline structure is very complicated, in the various and electric boosting steering system of the valve quantity of various control fluid this isolation of system contacting directly of people and road surface, make the road feel absence of information, there are the defectives such as overshoot, shortcomings for avoiding two class servo steering systems to exist the invention provides a kind of low-cost solar electromagnetism power-assisted bicycle, adopts the electromagnetism main force to coil to realize power steering.
The present invention consists of 25 by bicycle shopping basket solar covering 2, position transduser 4, electromagnetism boosting disk 5, rear clothes hanger solar panel 6, power-assisted permanent magnet 8, torque sensor; Position transduser 4 is positioned at the place ahead of 5 electromagnetism boosting disks, both distances equal on disc outer rim 10 distance between two power-assisted permanent magnets 8, torque sensor 25 is positioned on bicycle middle shaft 21, torque signal induction coil 24 and position transduser 4 transfer to torque signal and the bearing signal of cycle racing state in electric-controlled plate 26, electric-controlled plate is controlled electromagnetism boosting disk 5 by the automatically controlled assemble line 12 of brake, after bicycle shopping basket solar covering 2 and the 6 process voltage stabilizer W pressure regulation of rear clothes hanger solar panel, jointly for storage battery 7 provides electric power, as shown in Figure 1.
electromagnetism boosting disk 5 is by a pair of left and right power-assisted electromagnet 15, corresponding power-assisted magnet coil 16 and brake rubber block form, electromagnet is the U-shaped electromagnet, this electromagnet employing silicon steel plate etc. has the material of demagnetization characteristic, the electromagnetism boosting disk arranges shell, power-assisted magnet coil 16 is wrapped in the central waist of U-shaped electromagnet, rubber block of blake for bicycle arranges dovetail furrow, can be mounted on U electromagnet two ends position, whole electromagnetism boosting disk 5 is arranged on former brake rubber block position, replace former brake rubber block, left and right electromagnetism boosting disk 5 is fixed on the brake lever lock 27 of bicycle, the brake lever lock is installed on the Seat stay 11 of bicycle, magnet coil supply line and brake cable merger be the automatically controlled assemble line 12(of a branch of brake as shown in Figure 2), U-shaped electromagnet one side is installed and is fixed a sensor fixed support 19, this fixed support arranges a position transduser 4, position transduser 4 position signal electromagnetic induction coiies 20 extremely electromagnet core consist of, this stent length can be finely tuned, make electromagnetism boosting disk 5 and position transduser 4 center-to-center distances accurately equal on disc outer rim 10 center-to-center distance between two power-assisted permanent magnets 8 (as Fig. 3, shown in Figure 4).
Torque sensor a pair of torque signal to be triggered tooth 22 is fixedly mounted on axis 21, two torque signals trigger ring gears profile and phase place identical, torque signal induction coil 24 is installed and fixed on bottom bracket axle, it is n little permanent magnet that torque signal triggers tooth, divides equally circumference 360 oDuring rotation, torque signal induction coil 24 produces induced electromotive force, the bicyclist tramples stretcher 3, crank 23 applies torque to axis 21, make axis generation elastic deformation, have phase difference between every a pair of moment of torsion energizing signal, utilize existing phase difference change-over circuit that phase difference between a pair of energizing signal is converted to the moment of torsion voltage signal.
In the present invention, wheel adopts the plastics web pattern, wheel web 18 arranges plate hole 13, to alleviate inertial mass, the power-assisted permanent magnet is symmetrical to be embedded on disc outer rim 10 both sides, and permanent magnet end face and disc outer edge surface are in same level, disc outer edge surface and the U magnet bottom face 3 ~ 5mm of being separated by, the quantity n of power-assisted permanent magnet can be according to size and the strong and weak decision of assistant of bicycle rim 14, and general n gets 3 ~ 42.
Bicycle shopping basket in the present invention is installed bicycle shopping basket solar covering 2, clothes hanger solar panel 6 after clothes hanger is installed after bicycle, rear clothes hanger solar panel adopts the drawer type push-pull configuration, can overlapping placement the solar panels of two, rear clothes hanger below arranges battery case, and electric-controlled plate is placed in battery case.
Electric-controlled plate arranges the two paths of signals amplifying circuit, be respectively used to amplify torque signal and position signal, position signal need arrange to amplify becomes square-wave voltage, because the polarity of power-assisted permanent magnet 8 is opposite, adjacent square-wave voltage is opposite, amplitude equates, utilize the complementary OTL amplifying circuit of holohedry that positive and negative square wave is separated, positive square-wave voltage is controlled unlatching and the shutoff of aerotron T1, positive square wave occurs and open aerotron, otherwise turn-off, the losing side wave voltage is controlled aerotron T3 and is opened and turn-off, the losing side ripple occurs and open aerotron, otherwise turn-off; The size of torque signal voltage magnitude is corresponding to the size of moment of torsion, the direction of the positive and negative corresponding moment of torsion of voltage, utilize the complementary OTL amplifying circuit of holohedry that positive negative wave is separated, positive wave voltage is controlled this aerotron emitter current size by aerotron T2 base stage, and the size of electric current is proportional to positive wave voltage; Negative wave voltage is controlled this aerotron emitter current size by aerotron T4 base stage, and the size of electric current is proportional to negative wave voltage.
in the feed circuit plate, 5 aerotrons are set, three NPN type aerotron T1, T2, Ta4, two positive-negative-positive aerotron T3, T4, T1 wherein, the normally closed contact of the collecting electrode connecting valve K of T3, be communicated with B+, protection diode D1 is set between each aerotron, D2, position amplifying signal input T1, the base stage of T3, moment of torsion amplifying signal input T2, the base stage of Ta4, the collecting electrode of Ta4 connects the base stage of T4, grounded emitter, the emitter-base bandgap grading of T4 meets L1, the lower end of L2, the T2 emitter-base bandgap grading meets L1, the upper end of L2, the emitter-base bandgap grading of T2 connects the T4 emitter-base bandgap grading after by diode, parallel capacitance C between both positive and negative polarity, the primary winding of coils from parallel connection of coils step-up transformer L, after parallel connection of secondary windings bridge heap D, negative earth, the open contact of anodal connecting valve K.Its principle of work is: the position signal of amplification is separated into positive frequency A and negative B signal frequently, the positive base stage that frequently enters T1, and T1 opens; Negative frequency enters the base stage of T3, and this moment, T3 closed without negative signal frequently.After T1 opened, torque signal entered T2, Ta4 base stage, controlled the intensity of current of T2, Ta4, wherein the Ta4 emitter-base bandgap grading connects the T4 base stage, the base tension of T4 is in low voltage, and T4 is in magnifying state, and the intensity of electric current is proportional to the torque signal power, T2, T4 are in conducting state, electric current enters L1, L2 upper end by T2, after flowing into T4 by L1, L2 lower end, because Dp, T3, D3 are obstructed, only have the D4 conducting, electric current flow back into battery cathode through T4 to D4.when the negative base stage that frequently enters T3, at this moment, T1 closes, T3 opens, torque signal enters T2, the Ta4 base stage, control T2, the intensity of current of Ta4, wherein the Ta4 emitter-base bandgap grading connects the T4 base stage, the base tension of T4 is in low voltage, T4 is in magnifying state, the intensity of electric current is proportional to the torque signal power, T2, T4 is in conducting state, electric current enters L1 by T4, the L2 upper end, by L1, after the L2 upper end flows into T2, due to T1, D2 is obstructed, only has Dp, the D4 conducting, T2 is through Dp for the electric current process, D4 flow back into battery cathode, the electric current of this moment and the positive opposite current of signal frequently.After the replenishing of electric power passed through voltage stabilizer W by solar panel, storage battery is charged.
the groundwork of power-assisted is: the anterior position sensor detects and exists magnetic pole N to provide control signal, aerotron T1 is opened in control, torque signal is controlled the T2 emitter current by electromagnetism power-assisted coil L1 and L2, (left side) as shown in Figure 4, L1 produces magnetic field S N, L2 produces magnetic field N S, on the left of this moment is next, the N utmost point of power-assisted permanent magnet 8 is between U-shaped electromagnet SN, the S utmost point of right side permanent magnet is between U-shaped electromagnet NS, produce simultaneously a pulling force power forward, wheel continues motion, the anterior position sensor detects and exists magnetic pole S to provide reverse control signal, aerotron T3 is opened in control, torque signal is controlled the T3 emitter current and is passed through negative-phase sequence curent, electromagnetism power-assisted coil L1 and L2 produce reverse magnetic pole, (the right) as shown in Figure 4, L1 produces magnetic field N S, the S utmost point of L2 generation magnetic field S next left side power-assisted permanent magnet N this moment 8 is between U-shaped electromagnet NS, the N utmost point of right side permanent magnet is between U-shaped electromagnet SN, also produce a pulling force forward, promote wheel and continue motion, realize power-assisted.
The resilience principle: during brake, hold tight brake lever 1, K disconnects normally closed contact, opens open contacts, and force aid system quits work.Brake cable is pulled back, and brake lever lock 27 inwardly shrinks, and brake rubber block 17 is pressed close to disc outer rim plane, power-assisted permanent magnet 8 rapid movement, the power-assisted magnet coil 16 of top produces and exchanges induced electromotive force, through the step-up transformer booster tension, then piles by bridge and changes direct current (DC) into, storage battery is charged, kinetic energy is converted to electric energy, if emergency brake, brake rubber block 17 is adjacent to disc outer rim plane, in generating, also utilize the friction force brake.
Beneficial effect:The present invention adopts the electromagnetism boosting disk to realize the cycling power-assisted, because the present invention does not adopt electrical motor, thereby need not to control electric booster system by control program, this just eliminates overshoot fully, bicycle physical construction without any change, not contacting of people and road surface changes, and force aid system can not change bicyclist's sensation, has greatly improved bicyclist's enjoyment; The present invention adopts the solar panel power supply, saves the energy, during brake, mechanical energy is converted into electric energy, carries out the automatic feedback electric energy, save cycling person's muscle power, allow riding of bicycle become a kind of easily happy behavior, can avoid existing Moped Scooter electronic unit more, the shortcoming that motor and battery weight are excessive, force aid system weight is extremely low, it is the small and exquisite work-saving device of a kind of superior performance, structure is extremely simple, has improved reliability high, has reduced manufacturing cost.Realized light, energy-conservation, respond target rapidly, have multiple advantage concurrently, changed existing electronicly, have market outlook, protection of the environment is significant, the universal use of bicycle is had extremely important value.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is integral structure schematic diagram of the present invention,
Fig. 2 is that schematic diagram is looked in electromagnetism boosting disk of the present invention cross section,
Fig. 3 is electromagnetism boosting disk front elevational schematic of the present invention,
Fig. 4 is position transduser of the present invention and electromagnetism boosting disk top cross-sectional view,
Fig. 5 is torque sensing cross-sectional schematic of the present invention,
Fig. 6 is moment of torsion of the present invention, position signal amplifying circuit schematic diagram,
Fig. 7 is electromagnetism boosting disk schematic circuit diagram of the present invention.
in Fig. 1-7: 1, brake lever, 2, bicycle shopping basket solar covering, 3, stretcher, 4, aspect sensor, 5, the electromagnetism boosting disk, 6, rear clothes hanger solar panel, 7, storage battery, 8, the power-assisted permanent magnet, 9, tire, 10, the disc outer rim, 11, Seat stay, 12, brake cable, 13, plate hole, 14, wheel rim, 15, the power-assisted electromagnet, 16, the power-assisted magnet coil, 17, brake rubber block, 18, wheel web, 19, the sensor fixed support, 20, the position signal electromagnetic induction coil, 21, axis, 22, torque signal triggers tooth, 23, crank, 24, the torque signal induction coil.
The specific embodiment:The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Example one: the present invention consists of 25 by bicycle shopping basket solar covering 2, position transduser 4, electromagnetism boosting disk 5, rear clothes hanger solar panel 6, power-assisted permanent magnet 8, torque sensor; Position transduser 4 is positioned at the place ahead of 5 electromagnetism boosting disks, both distances equal on disc outer rim 10 distance between two power-assisted permanent magnets 8, torque sensor 25 is positioned on bicycle middle shaft 21, torque signal induction coil 24 and position transduser 4 transfer to torque signal and the bearing signal of cycle racing state in electric-controlled plate 26, electric-controlled plate is controlled electromagnetism boosting disk 5 by the automatically controlled assemble line 12 of brake, after bicycle shopping basket solar covering 2 and the 6 process voltage stabilizer W pressure regulation of rear clothes hanger solar panel, jointly provide electric power for storage battery 7.
electromagnetism boosting disk 5 is by a pair of left and right power-assisted electromagnet 15, corresponding power-assisted magnet coil 16 and brake rubber block form, electromagnet is the U-shaped electromagnet, this electromagnet employing silicon steel plate etc. has the material of demagnetization characteristic, the electromagnetism boosting disk arranges shell, power-assisted magnet coil 16 is wrapped in the central waist of U-shaped electromagnet, rubber block of blake for bicycle arranges dovetail furrow, can be mounted on U electromagnet two ends position, whole electromagnetism boosting disk 5 is arranged on former brake rubber block position, replace former brake rubber block, left and right electromagnetism boosting disk 5 is fixed on the brake lever lock 27 of bicycle, the brake lever lock is installed on the Seat stay 11 of bicycle, magnet coil supply line and brake cable merger be the automatically controlled assemble line 12(of a branch of brake as shown in Figure 2), U-shaped electromagnet one side is installed and is fixed a sensor fixed support 19, this fixed support arranges a position transduser 4, position transduser 4 position signal electromagnetic induction coiies 20 extremely electromagnet core consist of, this stent length can be finely tuned, make electromagnetism boosting disk 5 and position transduser 4 center-to-center distances accurately equal on disc outer rim 10 center-to-center distance between two power-assisted permanent magnets 8.
Example two: the present invention consists of 25 by bicycle shopping basket solar covering 2, position transduser 4, electromagnetism boosting disk 5, rear clothes hanger solar panel 6, power-assisted permanent magnet 8, torque sensor; Position transduser 4 is positioned at the place ahead of 5 electromagnetism boosting disks, both distances equal on disc outer rim 10 distance between two power-assisted permanent magnets 8, torque sensor 25 is positioned on bicycle middle shaft 21, torque signal induction coil 24 and position transduser 4 transfer to torque signal and the bearing signal of cycle racing state in electric-controlled plate 26, electric-controlled plate is controlled electromagnetism boosting disk 5 by the automatically controlled assemble line 12 of brake, after bicycle shopping basket solar covering 2 and the 6 process voltage stabilizer W pressure regulation of rear clothes hanger solar panel, jointly provide electric power for storage battery 7.
electromagnetism boosting disk 5 is by a pair of left and right power-assisted electromagnet 15, corresponding power-assisted magnet coil 16 and brake rubber block form, electromagnet is the U-shaped electromagnet, this electromagnet employing silicon steel plate etc. has the material of demagnetization characteristic, the electromagnetism boosting disk arranges shell, power-assisted magnet coil 16 is wrapped in the central waist of U-shaped electromagnet, rubber block of blake for bicycle arranges dovetail furrow, can be mounted on U electromagnet two ends position, whole electromagnetism boosting disk 5 is arranged on former brake rubber block position, replace former brake rubber block, left and right electromagnetism boosting disk 5 is fixed on the brake lever lock 27 of bicycle, the brake lever lock is installed on the Seat stay 11 of bicycle, magnet coil supply line and brake cable merger be the automatically controlled assemble line 12(of a branch of brake as shown in Figure 2), U-shaped electromagnet one side is installed and is fixed a sensor fixed support 19, this fixed support arranges a position transduser 4, position transduser 4 position signal electromagnetic induction coiies 20 extremely electromagnet core consist of, this stent length can be finely tuned, make electromagnetism boosting disk 5 and position transduser 4 center-to-center distances accurately equal on disc outer rim 10 center-to-center distance between two power-assisted permanent magnets 8.
Torque sensor a pair of torque signal to be triggered tooth 22 is fixedly mounted on axis 21, two torque signals trigger ring gears profile and phase place identical, torque signal induction coil 24 is installed and fixed on bottom bracket axle, it is n little permanent magnet that torque signal triggers tooth, divides equally circumference 360 oDuring rotation, torque signal induction coil 24 produces induced electromotive force, the bicyclist tramples stretcher 3, crank 23 applies torque to axis 21, make axis generation elastic deformation, have phase difference between every a pair of moment of torsion energizing signal, utilize existing phase difference change-over circuit that phase difference between a pair of energizing signal is converted to the moment of torsion voltage signal.
Wheel adopts the plastics web pattern, wheel web 18 arranges plate hole 13, to alleviate inertial mass, on the symmetrical embedding disc outer rim of power-assisted permanent magnet 10 both sides, permanent magnet end face and disc outer edge surface are in same level, disc outer edge surface and the U magnet bottom face 3 ~ 5mm of being separated by, the quantity n of power-assisted permanent magnet can according to the size of bicycle rim 14 and the assistant is strong and weak determine, general n gets 3 ~ 42.
A kind of low-cost solar electromagnetism power-assisted bicycle, it is characterized in that bicycle shopping basket installation bicycle shopping basket solar covering 2, clothes hanger solar panel 6 after clothes hanger is installed after bicycle, rear clothes hanger solar panel adopts the drawer type push-pull configuration, can overlapping placement the solar panels of two, rear clothes hanger below arranges battery case, and electric-controlled plate is placed in battery case.
Example three: the present invention consists of 25 by bicycle shopping basket solar covering 2, position transduser 4, electromagnetism boosting disk 5, rear clothes hanger solar panel 6, power-assisted permanent magnet 8, torque sensor; Position transduser 4 is positioned at the place ahead of 5 electromagnetism boosting disks, both distances equal on disc outer rim 10 distance between two power-assisted permanent magnets 8, torque sensor 25 is positioned on bicycle middle shaft 21, torque signal induction coil 24 and position transduser 4 transfer to torque signal and the bearing signal of cycle racing state in electric-controlled plate 26, electric-controlled plate is controlled electromagnetism boosting disk 5 by the automatically controlled assemble line 12 of brake, after bicycle shopping basket solar covering 2 and the 6 process voltage stabilizer W pressure regulation of rear clothes hanger solar panel, jointly provide electric power for storage battery 7.
electromagnetism boosting disk 5 is by a pair of left and right power-assisted electromagnet 15, corresponding power-assisted magnet coil 16 and brake rubber block form, electromagnet is the U-shaped electromagnet, this electromagnet employing silicon steel plate etc. has the material of demagnetization characteristic, the electromagnetism boosting disk arranges shell, power-assisted magnet coil 16 is wrapped in the central waist of U-shaped electromagnet, rubber block of blake for bicycle arranges dovetail furrow, can be mounted on U electromagnet two ends position, whole electromagnetism boosting disk 5 is arranged on former brake rubber block position, replace former brake rubber block, left and right electromagnetism boosting disk 5 is fixed on the brake lever lock 27 of bicycle, the brake lever lock is installed on the Seat stay 11 of bicycle, magnet coil supply line and brake cable merger be the automatically controlled assemble line 12(of a branch of brake as shown in Figure 2), U-shaped electromagnet one side is installed and is fixed a sensor fixed support 19, this fixed support arranges a position transduser 4, position transduser 4 position signal electromagnetic induction coiies 20 extremely electromagnet core consist of, this stent length can be finely tuned, make electromagnetism boosting disk 5 and position transduser 4 center-to-center distances accurately equal on disc outer rim 10 center-to-center distance between two power-assisted permanent magnets 8.
Torque sensor a pair of torque signal to be triggered tooth 22 is fixedly mounted on axis 21, two torque signals trigger ring gears profile and phase place identical, torque signal induction coil 24 is installed and fixed on bottom bracket axle, it is n little permanent magnet that torque signal triggers tooth, divides equally circumference 360 oDuring rotation, torque signal induction coil 24 produces induced electromotive force, the bicyclist tramples stretcher 3, crank 23 applies torque to axis 21, make axis generation elastic deformation, have phase difference between every a pair of moment of torsion energizing signal, utilize existing phase difference change-over circuit that phase difference between a pair of energizing signal is converted to the moment of torsion voltage signal.
Wheel adopts the plastics web pattern, wheel web 18 arranges plate hole 13, to alleviate inertial mass, on the symmetrical embedding disc outer rim of power-assisted permanent magnet 10 both sides, permanent magnet end face and disc outer edge surface are in same level, disc outer edge surface and the U magnet bottom face 3 ~ 5mm of being separated by, the quantity n of power-assisted permanent magnet can according to the size of bicycle rim 14 and the assistant is strong and weak determine, general n gets 3 ~ 42.
The bicycle shopping basket is installed bicycle shopping basket solar covering 2, clothes hanger solar panel 6 after clothes hanger is installed after bicycle, rear clothes hanger solar panel adopts the drawer type push-pull configuration, can overlapping placement the solar panels of two, rear clothes hanger below arranges battery case, and electric-controlled plate is placed in battery case.
Electric-controlled plate arranges the two paths of signals amplifying circuit, be respectively used to amplify torque signal and position signal, position signal need arrange to amplify becomes square-wave voltage, because the polarity of power-assisted permanent magnet 8 is opposite, adjacent square-wave voltage is opposite, amplitude equates, utilizes the complementary OTL amplifying circuit of holohedry that positive and negative square wave is separated.
in the feed circuit plate, 5 aerotrons are set, three NPN type aerotron T1, T2, Ta4, two positive-negative-positive aerotron T3, T4, T1 wherein, the normally closed contact of the collecting electrode connecting valve K of T3, be communicated with B+, protection diode D1 is set between each aerotron, D2, position amplifying signal input T1, the base stage of T3, moment of torsion amplifying signal input T2, the base stage of Ta4, the collecting electrode of Ta4 connects the base stage of T4, grounded emitter, the emitter-base bandgap grading of T4 meets L1, the lower end of L2, the T2 emitter-base bandgap grading meets L1, the upper end of L2, the emitter-base bandgap grading of T2 connects the T4 emitter-base bandgap grading after by diode, parallel capacitance C between both positive and negative polarity, the primary winding of coils from parallel connection of coils step-up transformer L, after parallel connection of secondary windings bridge heap D, negative earth, the open contact of anodal connecting valve K.

Claims (7)

1. a low-cost solar electromagnetism power-assisted bicycle, is characterized in that it consists of 25 by bicycle shopping basket solar covering 2, position transduser 4, electromagnetism boosting disk 5, rear clothes hanger solar panel 6, power-assisted permanent magnet 8, torque sensor; Position transduser 4 is positioned at the place ahead of 5 electromagnetism boosting disks, both distances equal on disc outer rim 10 distance between two power-assisted permanent magnets 8, torque sensor 25 is positioned on bicycle middle shaft 21, torque signal induction coil 24 and position transduser 4 transfer to torque signal and the bearing signal of cycle racing state in electric-controlled plate 26, electric-controlled plate is controlled electromagnetism boosting disk 5 by the automatically controlled assemble line 12 of brake, after bicycle shopping basket solar covering 2 and the 6 process voltage stabilizer W pressure regulation of rear clothes hanger solar panel, jointly provide electric power for storage battery 7.
2. a kind of low-cost solar electromagnetism power-assisted bicycle according to claim 1, it is characterized in that electromagnetism boosting disk 5 is by a pair of left and right power-assisted electromagnet 15, corresponding power-assisted magnet coil 16 and brake rubber block form, electromagnet is the U-shaped electromagnet, this electromagnet employing silicon steel plate etc. has the material of demagnetization characteristic, the electromagnetism boosting disk arranges shell, power-assisted magnet coil 16 is wrapped in the central waist of U-shaped electromagnet, rubber block of blake for bicycle arranges dovetail furrow, can be mounted on U electromagnet two ends position, whole electromagnetism boosting disk 5 is arranged on former brake rubber block position, replace former brake rubber block, left and right electromagnetism boosting disk 5 is fixed on the brake lever lock 27 of bicycle, the brake lever lock is installed on the Seat stay 11 of bicycle, magnet coil supply line and brake cable merger be the automatically controlled assemble line 12(of a branch of brake as shown in Figure 2), U-shaped electromagnet one side is installed and is fixed a sensor fixed support 19, this fixed support arranges a position transduser 4, position transduser 4 position signal electromagnetic induction coiies 20 extremely electromagnet core consist of, this stent length can be finely tuned, make electromagnetism boosting disk 5 and position transduser 4 center-to-center distances accurately equal on disc outer rim 10 center-to-center distance between two power-assisted permanent magnets 8.
3. a kind of low-cost solar electromagnetism power-assisted bicycle according to claim 1, it is characterized in that torque sensor a pair of torque signal to be triggered tooth 22 is fixedly mounted on axis 21, two torque signals trigger ring gears profile and phase place identical, torque signal induction coil 24 is installed and fixed on bottom bracket axle, it is n little permanent magnet that torque signal triggers tooth, divides equally circumference 360 oDuring rotation, torque signal induction coil 24 produces induced electromotive force, the bicyclist tramples stretcher 3, crank 23 applies torque to axis 21, make axis generation elastic deformation, have phase difference between every a pair of moment of torsion energizing signal, utilize existing phase difference change-over circuit that phase difference between a pair of energizing signal is converted to the moment of torsion voltage signal.
4. a kind of low-cost solar electromagnetism power-assisted bicycle according to claim 1, it is characterized in that wheel adopts the plastics web pattern, wheel web 18 arranges plate hole 13, to alleviate inertial mass, the power-assisted permanent magnet is symmetrical to be embedded on disc outer rim 10 both sides, and permanent magnet end face and disc outer edge surface are in same level, disc outer edge surface and the U magnet bottom face 3 ~ 5mm of being separated by, the quantity n of power-assisted permanent magnet can be according to size and the strong and weak decision of assistant of bicycle rim 14, and general n gets 3 ~ 42.
5. a kind of low-cost solar electromagnetism power-assisted bicycle according to claim 2, it is characterized in that bicycle shopping basket installation bicycle shopping basket solar covering 2, clothes hanger solar panel 6 after clothes hanger is installed after bicycle, rear clothes hanger solar panel adopts the drawer type push-pull configuration, can overlapping placement the solar panels of two, rear clothes hanger below arranges battery case, and electric-controlled plate is placed in battery case.
6. a kind of low-cost solar electromagnetism power-assisted bicycle according to claim 2, it is characterized in that electric-controlled plate arranges the two paths of signals amplifying circuit, be respectively used to amplify torque signal and position signal, position signal need arrange to amplify becomes square-wave voltage, because the polarity of power-assisted permanent magnet 8 is opposite, adjacent square-wave voltage is opposite, and amplitude equates, utilizes the complementary OTL amplifying circuit of holohedry that positive and negative square wave is separated.
7. a kind of low-cost solar electromagnetism power-assisted bicycle according to claim 2, it is characterized in that in the feed circuit plate, 5 aerotrons are set, three NPN type aerotron T1, T2, Ta4, two positive-negative-positive aerotron T3, T4, T1 wherein, the normally closed contact of the collecting electrode connecting valve K of T3, be communicated with B+, protection diode D1 is set between each aerotron, D2, position amplifying signal input T1, the base stage of T3, moment of torsion amplifying signal input T2, the base stage of Ta4, the collecting electrode of Ta4 connects the base stage of T4, grounded emitter, the emitter-base bandgap grading of T4 meets L1, the lower end of L2, the T2 emitter-base bandgap grading meets L1, the upper end of L2, the emitter-base bandgap grading of T2 connects the T4 emitter-base bandgap grading after by diode, parallel capacitance C between both positive and negative polarity, the primary winding of coils from parallel connection of coils step-up transformer L, after parallel connection of secondary windings bridge heap D, negative earth, the open contact of anodal connecting valve K.
CN201310083544.4A 2013-03-17 2013-03-17 A kind of low-cost solar electromagnetism power-assisted bicycle Active CN103129687B (en)

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CN201710824394.6A CN107600294B (en) 2013-03-17 2013-03-17 Solar electromagnetic power-assisted bicycle
CN201710893126.XA CN107618612A (en) 2013-03-17 2013-03-17 Electromagnetically solar energy power-assisted bicycle
CN201710893112.8A CN107738721A (en) 2013-03-17 2013-03-17 The Electromagnetically solar energy power-assisted bicycle and its electric-controlled plate of automatic feedback electric energy
CN201710824028.0A CN107600295B (en) 2013-03-17 2013-03-17 Low-cost solar electromagnetic power-assisted bicycle capable of automatically feeding back electric energy
CN201310083544.4A CN103129687B (en) 2013-03-17 2013-03-17 A kind of low-cost solar electromagnetism power-assisted bicycle

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CN201710824028.0A Division CN107600295B (en) 2013-03-17 2013-03-17 Low-cost solar electromagnetic power-assisted bicycle capable of automatically feeding back electric energy
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CN107745780A (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-03-02 邓彬 Electric power, manpower hybrid power bicycle and its control method
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CN109204669A (en) * 2018-08-24 2019-01-15 四川卓能智控科技有限公司 Charge and discharge control system and its control method
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