CN103120914A - Biomass tooth mould pellet press - Google Patents

Biomass tooth mould pellet press Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103120914A
CN103120914A CN2013100359842A CN201310035984A CN103120914A CN 103120914 A CN103120914 A CN 103120914A CN 2013100359842 A CN2013100359842 A CN 2013100359842A CN 201310035984 A CN201310035984 A CN 201310035984A CN 103120914 A CN103120914 A CN 103120914A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
extruding
tooth mould
tooth
biomass
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2013100359842A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王金贵
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TONGLIAO TOOTH MOULD PELLET MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Original Assignee
TONGLIAO TOOTH MOULD PELLET MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TONGLIAO TOOTH MOULD PELLET MANUFACTURING Co Ltd filed Critical TONGLIAO TOOTH MOULD PELLET MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority to CN2013100359842A priority Critical patent/CN103120914A/en
Publication of CN103120914A publication Critical patent/CN103120914A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/22Extrusion presses; Dies therefor
    • B30B11/28Extrusion presses; Dies therefor using perforated rollers or discs

Abstract

The invention relates to machinery, and in particular relates to a biomass tooth mould pellet press. The biomass tooth mould pellet press comprises a rack (1) and extruding gears (2) which are mutually engaged, wherein the extruding gears (2) are barrel-shaped; and an intertooth space through hole (9) is arranged between gear teeth (3) or the two sides of the gear teeth (3) are provided with tooth side through holes (10). The biomass tooth mould pellet press is characterized in that gear shafts (5) of the extruding gears (2) which are mutually engaged are further connected with mutually-engaged pressure-reduction gears (6) in series. The biomass tooth mould pellet press has the beneficial effects that positioning gear teeth determine a gap between every two extruding gears so that the working stability is guaranteed; and meanwhile, a large part of a transmission torque is borne and the difficulty that a tooth mould is easily damaged is solved. Other auxiliary structures are adopted so that various disadvantages of existing machines and tools are solved; a tooth mould granulation machine achieves the aims of high production efficiency, small energy consumption and low cost, has the conditions of popularization and application and is expected to replace existing other machine types to be main push equipment of biomass grain fuel; and the biomass tooth mould pellet press has the important meanings to sufficient utilization of biomass resources including crop straws, grass and trees and the like, coal power conservation, and increasing of rural income.

Description

Living beings tooth mould particle pressing machine
Technical field
The present invention and a kind of machinery, i.e. a kind of living beings tooth mould particle pressing machine.
Background technology
In recent years, electrification of the countryside level significantly improves, and the stalk fuel consumption is die-offed.Simultaneously, along with the successful popularization of agriculture dense planting technology and the raising of grain yield, the output of agricultural crop straw also significantly improves.Agricultural crop straw traffic requirements cost, stacking needs the place, and is the main boarding carrier of disease and pest in the coming year.Therefore, many peasants have to concentrate crop straw burning in the open air, have both wasted the energy, cause again air pollution, even initiation fire and aviation accident.On the other hand, along with the quick propelling of China's process of industrialization, coal electric energy day is becoming tight.In this case, biological materials such as agricultural crop straw, vegetations, make the unit volume calorific value near the granular fuel of coal through pulverizing extruding, solved above-mentioned two kinds of contradictions.Therefore, the various places multiple biological particles facility that release one after another.At present, the biomass granulation machine on market mostly is screw, ring mode, the type such as flat-die type powdered, and the common advantage of above-mentioned facility is that pressure is large, and the grain density of compression is high, but productivity ratio is lower, and power consumption is large, and cost is higher, is difficult to popularization and application.In order to address this problem, I propose tooth mould granulator, namely adopt intermeshing pair roller tubular gear, and a plurality of through holes are left between cog groove and gear teeth both sides, and the biomass powder particle pushes through through hole and forms particle.Experiment shows, this granulator electricity consumption is few, and efficient is high, and cost is low, and grain density also meets the requirements, and is expected to substitute the equipment of other types., the gap between existing tooth mould granulator gear is difficult to control, and excesssive gap pressure is inadequate, and the too small meeting in gap causes gear shaft flexural deformation and initiating failure.In addition, owing to having a plurality of through holes above gear, intensity significantly reduces, and very easily damages, and becomes the difficult problem that tooth mould granulator is applied.In addition, the problem such as tooth mould granulator also exists gear two ends and tooth root section stacking material, and the compressing grains heat radiation time is long is also the negative factor of restriction tooth mould granulator.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of tooth die clearance accurately, failure rate is low, stable working, not fragile, and the living beings tooth mould particle pressing machine that production efficiency is high, energy consumption is little, cost is low.
Above-mentioned purpose is realized by following technical scheme: develop a kind of living beings tooth mould particle pressing machine; comprise frame and intermeshing extruding gear; the extruding gear is tubular; the both sides that have between cog through hole and/or the gear teeth between its gear teeth have the flank through hole, are characterized in: also be connected with intermeshing gear reducer on the gear shaft of said intermeshing extruding gear.
Said intermeshing extruding gear has more than two and two.
In the middle of a plurality of between cog through holes between said extruding gear tooth, two its outward flanges of through hole that are positioned at two ends exceed the outer face of the gear teeth.
The wheel tooth tip of said extruding gear radially has a plurality of tooth top through holes.
The center line of the flank through hole between the intermeshing gear teeth of said extruding gear staggers mutually.
Said extruding gear is provided with cooling water pipe.
The gear teeth both sides tooth root section of said extruding gear is the wedge angle that non-circular arc is connected with the angle of cut of root circle.
The structural parameters of said extruding gear are non-standard special parameters, number of teeth 17-100, and the extruding gear of modulus 8-50 is compared with master gear, and its root diameter increases 2-25mm successively, and tooth depth reduces 1.5-15mm successively, and the tooth top back lash is 0.1-0.5mm.
Said number of teeth 17-100, the extruding gear teeth tips back lash of modulus 8-50 is 0.2mm.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the location gear teeth have been determined the gap between the extruding gear, have guaranteed the stability of operation, have born simultaneously most of driving torque, have solved the difficult problem of tooth mould rapid wear.Adopt other supplementary structures in addition; solved the various disadvantages of existing facility; make tooth mould granulator reach the purpose that production efficiency is high, energy consumption is little, cost is low; the condition that has possessed popularization and application is expected to substitute existing other types, becomes the equipment of promoting mainly of biomass granule fuel; for taking full advantage of the biomass resources such as agricultural crop straw, vegetation; saving coal electricity is increased farmers' income, and all has great importance.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of the first embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the top view of the first embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the front view of the second embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the top view of the second embodiment;
Fig. 5 is the front view of the third embodiment;
Fig. 6 is the top view of the third embodiment;
Fig. 7 is the partial perspective view of the third embodiment;
Fig. 8 is the front view of the 4th kind of embodiment;
Fig. 9 is the top view of the 4th kind of embodiment;
Figure 10 is the top view of the 5th kind of embodiment;
Figure 11 is another structure chart of the 5th kind of embodiment;
Figure 12 is the front view of the 6th kind of embodiment;
Figure 13 is the contrast figure of the 6th kind of embodiment.
In figure as seen: frame 1, the extruding gear 2, the gear teeth 3, through hole 4, gear shaft 5, gear reducer 6, gearbox 7, engine 8, between cog through hole 9, flank through hole 10, increment face 11, root circle 12, tooth top through hole 13, cooling water pipe 14, gear-bearing 15, tooth root 16, dedendum angle 17, root fillet 18.
The specific embodiment
The first embodiment: as shown in Figure 1, 2, a pair of intermeshing extruding gear 2 is housed on the frame 1 of this living beings tooth mould particle pressing machine, 2 one-tenth of gears of extruding are cylindric, and between the gear teeth 3 and both sides of the gear teeth 3 have a plurality of through holes 4.Its improvement is: on two gear shafts 5 of two extruding gears 2, a pair of intermeshing gear reducer 6 is housed also, gear reducer 6 does not carry out the particle squeeze job, its effect mainly contains 2 points: the one, determine two installation sites of pushing gears 2, namely limit two gaps between extruding gear 2, guarantee that two extruding gears 2 can carry out operation under the gap of the best.The 2nd, bear pressure, extruding gear 2 significantly reduces because having a plurality of through hole 4 intensity, easily damages when mutually pushing, gear reducer 6 has been arranged, can bear large section transmission pressure, alleviated extruding and the wearing and tearing of extruding gear 2, increase the service life, strengthen the stability of work.
Experiment showed, the facility that adopted this Positioning Gear, originally the fault of gear shaft distortion and gear failure initiation disappears substantially, and the facility working stability can be worked continuously more than 300 hours.Take the type of 1.5 tons/hour of productivity ratio as example; motor used is only 30KW; than market reaction preferably the ring mode granulator reduced on year-on-year basis 73.2%; the quality of the granular fuel of compression meets the requirements; break through the high bottleneck of stalk compressed fuel power consumption cost, deeply be subjected to sample plot peasant's favorable comment.
The second embodiment: by Fig. 3,4 as seen, extruding gear 2 has three, and middle one, both sides respectively have one.Equally, gear reducer 6 also has three, and structural principle is identical with the first embodiment.This example explanation, the form of extruding gear 2 and gear reducer 6 can be diversified, is not limited only to a pair of gear, can spread to three more, comprise the various structures forms such as planetary gear not of uniform size.
Certainly, adopt the facility of a plurality of extruding gears, its feeding mode also needs corresponding adjustment.Three gears as shown in Figure 3, it feeds best axial feeding along gear, also can adopt the pressure intake mechanisms such as screw feeder.Because belonging to prior art, do not draw in detail at this.
The third embodiment: by Fig. 5,6,7 as seen, have an exhausting hole 4 on root circle 12 between extruding gear 2 gear teeth 3, for the through hole 4 with gear teeth both sides distinguishes, the through hole 4 between the gear teeth is called between cog through hole 9, and the through hole 4 of gear teeth both sides is called flank through hole 10.The center line of the flank through hole 10 between the intermeshing gear teeth preferably staggers mutually.In conjunction with Fig. 6 Fig. 7 as seen, outmost two of between cog through hole 9 has exceeded extruding gear 2 increment faces 11, in general should surpass half hole.Can certainly adopt the hole of other shapes.Also can be understood as and the gear teeth 3 two ends of extruding gear 2 are respectively removed a bit of, and make the outer face 11 of the outmost between cog through hole 9 outstanding gear teeth 3.The effect of this micro-structure is that the material that extrude at extruding gear 2 two ends can be extruded from these two between cog through holes 9, avoids the two ends solid accumulation to hinder the normal operation of extruding gear 2.
The 4th kind of embodiment: as shown in Fig. 8,9, the gear teeth 3 tooth tops of extruding gear 2 radially have a plurality of through holes 4, are called tooth top through hole 13.The effect of this tooth top through hole 13 is: during near the tooth root of another gear, material can be extruded between cog through hole 9, also can extrude from tooth top through hole 13 when the tooth top of a gear.Here preferably staggered in the position of tooth top through hole 13 and between cog through hole 9, effect can be better.Certainly, also can only have wherein a kind of through hole on same gear.
The 5th kind of embodiment: as shown in figure 10, in the inside of extruding gear 2, cooling water pipe 14 is housed, squeezes into recirculated water during operation, carry out cooling to the particle of extruding.For ring mould granulator, excessive because of extruding force, the particle temperature of extruding is very high, approaches or surpass the burning-point of material, carbonization phenomenon often occurs, thereby need to then throw the particle lifting of extruding lower and dispel the heat, and has strengthened equipment cost and operating cost.These facility extruding force is moderate, and particle temperature is relatively low, and the heat radiation time significantly shortens, and can omit heat radiation equipment.After having adopted recirculated water cooling, can reach package temperature in discharging, simplify the structure, save the time, reduce cost.
Certainly, the form of cooling water pipe 14 can be diversified.As shown in figure 11, in the gear shaft of extruding gear 2, cooling water pipe 14 is set, can avoids bearing 15 to be heated.
Above-mentioned cooling water pipe 14 must interrelate with water source and water pump, could work, and because belonging to prior art, repeats no more.
The 6th kind of embodiment: as shown in figure 12, the dedendum angle 17 of extruding gear 2, namely the tooth root 16 of the gear teeth 3 and the angle of cut α between root circle 12 are wedge angle.In general can be 〉=angle of 90 ° to be≤angle of 90 °, but can not to be that circular arc connects.At present the intersection of cogged tooth root and root circle be arc transition, show as root fillet 18 on end face.Experiment showed, this root fillet 18, the cutting performance of the gear teeth 3 is bad, and root fillet 18 is removed in the easy adhesion of material, namely removes the part of Figure 13 tooth root blacking, and tooth root 16 is connected with outside circle and has namely been become the wedge angle connection, has solved this problem.
The 7th kind of embodiment: because variation has occured many shapes of pushing gear 2, so, master gear originally has not been best parts, therefore, the nonstandard gear of the following parameter of recommend adoption: number of teeth 17-100, the extruding gear of modulus 8-50 is compared with master gear, its root diameter increases 2-25mm successively, tooth depth reduces 1.5-15mm successively, and the tooth top back lash is 0.1-0.5mm, take 0.2mm as preferred tooth top back lash.The gear mesh of the number of teeth 30 shines as following table:

Claims (10)

1. living beings tooth mould particle pressing machine; comprise frame (1) and intermeshing extruding gear (2); extruding gear (2) is tubular; the both sides that have between cog through hole (9) and/or the gear teeth (3) between its gear teeth (3) have flank through hole (10), it is characterized in that: also be connected with intermeshing gear reducer (6) on the gear shaft (5) of said intermeshing extruding gear (2).
2. living beings tooth mould particle pressing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: said intermeshing extruding gear (2) has more than two and two.
3. living beings tooth mould particle pressing machine according to claim 1; it is characterized in that: in the middle of a plurality of between cog through holes (9) between said extruding gear (2) gear teeth (3), its outward flange of two through holes (4) that is positioned at two ends exceeds the outer face of the gear teeth (3).
4. living beings tooth mould particle pressing machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the gear teeth (3) top of said extruding gear (2) radially has a plurality of tooth top through holes (9).
5. living beings tooth mould particle pressing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: said extruding gear (2) is provided with cooling water pipe (14).
6. living beings tooth mould particle pressing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the center line of the flank through hole (10) between the intermeshing gear teeth of said extruding gear (2) (3) staggers mutually.
7. living beings tooth mould particle pressing machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the gear teeth (3) the both sides tooth root section of said extruding gear (2) is the wedge angle that non-circular arc is connected with the angle of cut of root circle (12).
8. living beings tooth mould particle pressing machine according to claim 1; it is characterized in that: the structural parameters of said extruding gear (2) are non-standard special parameters; number of teeth 17-100; the extruding gear (2) of modulus 8-50 is compared with master gear; its root diameter increases 2-25mm successively; tooth depth reduces 1.5-15mm successively, and the tooth top back lash is 0.1-0.5mm.
9. living beings tooth mould particle pressing machine according to claim 8 is characterized in that: said number of teeth 17-100, the extruding gear teeth tips back lash of modulus 8-50 is 0.2mm.
10. living beings tooth mould particle pressing machine according to claim 8 is characterized in that: the number of teeth is 30 extruding gear (2) concrete structure parameter and the contrast of master gear parameter as following table:
CN2013100359842A 2013-01-24 2013-01-24 Biomass tooth mould pellet press Pending CN103120914A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103120915A (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-05-29 通辽市洪金机械制造有限责任公司 Biomass gear mould blade pellet press
CN105381760A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-03-09 溧阳市正翔精密机械有限公司 Scraper fixing structure for granulator
CN106076202A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-11-09 山东昶升建设工程机械有限公司 A kind of centrifugal efficient planetary gear granulation machine

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102205217A (en) * 2011-01-07 2011-10-05 谭定忠 Gear type biomass fuel particle molding machine
CN102580614A (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-07-18 王金贵 Biomass granulation machine
CN102658059A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-09-12 江苏爱能洁机械制造有限公司 Meshed extrusion granulation forming device
CN202491449U (en) * 2012-03-17 2012-10-17 郭绍华 Straw fuel extruding machine
CN202573053U (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-12-05 江俊逢 Forming mold for biomass molding fuel
CN103120915A (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-05-29 通辽市洪金机械制造有限责任公司 Biomass gear mould blade pellet press
CN203235466U (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-10-16 通辽市洪金机械制造有限责任公司 Biomass tooth die pellet press

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102205217A (en) * 2011-01-07 2011-10-05 谭定忠 Gear type biomass fuel particle molding machine
CN102580614A (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-07-18 王金贵 Biomass granulation machine
CN202491449U (en) * 2012-03-17 2012-10-17 郭绍华 Straw fuel extruding machine
CN202573053U (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-12-05 江俊逢 Forming mold for biomass molding fuel
CN102658059A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-09-12 江苏爱能洁机械制造有限公司 Meshed extrusion granulation forming device
CN103120915A (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-05-29 通辽市洪金机械制造有限责任公司 Biomass gear mould blade pellet press
CN203235466U (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-10-16 通辽市洪金机械制造有限责任公司 Biomass tooth die pellet press

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103120915A (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-05-29 通辽市洪金机械制造有限责任公司 Biomass gear mould blade pellet press
CN105381760A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-03-09 溧阳市正翔精密机械有限公司 Scraper fixing structure for granulator
CN106076202A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-11-09 山东昶升建设工程机械有限公司 A kind of centrifugal efficient planetary gear granulation machine
CN106076202B (en) * 2016-06-14 2018-10-19 山东昶升建设工程机械有限公司 A kind of centrifugal efficient planetary gear granulator

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Application publication date: 20130529