CN103111115A - Solid-liquid autosegregation filter and filtering method thereof - Google Patents

Solid-liquid autosegregation filter and filtering method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103111115A
CN103111115A CN2013100579626A CN201310057962A CN103111115A CN 103111115 A CN103111115 A CN 103111115A CN 2013100579626 A CN2013100579626 A CN 2013100579626A CN 201310057962 A CN201310057962 A CN 201310057962A CN 103111115 A CN103111115 A CN 103111115A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
impurity
liquid
screen pack
filter
filtering
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Pending
Application number
CN2013100579626A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
桑建伟
米章举
闫志会
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BEIJING ZHONGYUANTONG SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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BEIJING ZHONGYUANTONG SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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Priority to CN2013100579626A priority Critical patent/CN103111115A/en
Publication of CN103111115A publication Critical patent/CN103111115A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a solid-liquid autosegregation filter and a filtering method thereof. The filter comprises a filtering shell and a shell cover, wherein the filtering shell comprises a material collecting groove, a cylindrical filter screen, an impurity collector, an impurity discharge port, a feeding pipe port and a filtering liquid discharge port; the cylindrical filter screen is arranged above the material collecting groove so as to form a filtering bin, and is driven by a motor to rotate; the end surface of the cylindrical filter screen is provided with a bin hole, and the feeding pipe port extends into and is arranged in the bin hole through a feeding pipeline which is shorter than the cylindrical filter screen and is provided with a gap; the impurity collector with the impurity discharge port is arranged above a feeding pipeline, and one side of the material collecting groove is provided with the filtering liquid discharge port; and the shell cover is arranged above the material collecting groove and can cover the filtering bin and the material collecting groove. The solid-liquid autosegregation filter and the filtering method provided by the invention can automatically separate slag liquid under ordinary pressure precisely and efficiently.

Description

The automatic separator-filter of a kind of solid-liquid and filter method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to the feedstock purification technology, relate in particular to the automatic separator-filter of a kind of solid-liquid.
Background technology
In raw material of industry purifying technique, extracting effective chemical substance in the plant is a kind of efficacious prescriptions method that common are.Its technical process is: immersion → chopping → digestion → dilution → filter, washing → chemical precipitation → filtration → oven dry → pulverizing → finished product.Wherein original plant juice being filtered is a very important link in whole technique.It is related to the final quality of product and the effective rate of utilization of raw material.
Chemical enterprise adopted the plastic optical fibre filter cloth as filter medium in the past, fiber filter cloth moves in a circle on the motor-driven roller-way, when stoste is passed through this fiber filter cloth, impurity is trapped within the filter cloth outer surface, then these impurity externally are collected in the filter tank under the flushing of waterpower, thereby realize that slag liquid separates.But this mode filter efficiency is low, and floor space is large, and the filter screen waste is large, and because filtrate contacts with air for a long time, is easy to cause the rotten of the rear solution of filtration.
Except above more original method, adopt in addition at present rotary drum grid filtration method and brush, suction nozzle type automatically to clean net formula filtration method, but these several filter methods have the weak point of oneself.As the rotary drum grid method, though can realize working, can not realize high-precision filtration and to the recovery of filter residue under normal pressure.Though automatically clean separation and recovery that net formula filtration method can be realized slag liquid, can not work under normal pressure, and the network blocking phenomenon very easily occur.
This filter problem is also often encountered in occasions such as agricultural, industrial production, building, weaving, papermaking, how effectively to address this problem, provide a kind of equipment can realize slag liquid automatic, high precision separating and filtering, and can the impurity such as filter residue after filtering be reclaimed, be all multiple enterprises in the urgent need to.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide the automatic separator-filter of a kind of solid-liquid, and the slag liquid that can realize is separating and filtering effectively automatically, and can the filter residue after filtering be reclaimed.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides the automatic separator-filter of a kind of solid-liquid, comprise and filter housing and clamshell, comprise material collecting tank, cylindrical screen pack, impurity collector, impurity outlet, the charging mouth of pipe, filtered fluid discharging opening at this filtration housing, wherein:
The top that cylindrical screen pack is arranged on material collecting tank forms filtering cabin, and rotates under the driving of motor; The end face of cylindrical screen pack has the hole, storehouse, and the charging mouth of pipe is shorter in length than cylindrical screen pack length by one and puts in and be arranged in the hole, storehouse with the feed pipe of mouth gap; Impurity collector with the impurity outlet is installed above feed pipe; A side at material collecting tank has the filtered fluid discharging opening; Clamshell covers filtering cabin and material collecting tank above material collecting tank.
Preferably, this filter also comprises the backwash mechanism that mainly is made of nozzle, flushing-liquid pipe, flushing liquor switch and compression pump, wherein:
Be arranged on the upper end that nozzle on flushing-liquid pipe is positioned at cylindrical screen pack, flushing liquor switch and compression pump are arranged on respectively the diverse location in flushing-liquid pipe.
Preferably, backwash mechanism also comprises the waterproof membrane of setting up the nozzle both sides.
Preferably, backwash mechanism also comprises controller for timing switch, and the input of this controller for timing switch receives controls the signal of telecommunication, and the executive signal that the flushing liquor switch regularly opens and closes is controlled in the output output of this controller for timing switch.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of use filter claimed in claim 1 and carry out the method that Separation of Solid and Liquid is filtered, comprising:
Liquid to be filtered enters in filtering cabin from the charging mouth of pipe, and this liquid to be filtered and the cylindrical screen pack of rotation carry out maximum area and contact rear impurity and be attached to the screen pack inwall and form impurity layer, after filtering, solution enters described material collecting tank along the cylindrical screen pack of rotation, and flow out along the filtered fluid discharging opening, realize Separation of Solid and Liquid; Simultaneously, filtering and is discharged along the impurity outlet in the impurity on impurity layer is collected in described impurity collector under the self gravitation effect, realizes the recovery and reuse of the impurity such as filter residue.
Preferably, filter also comprises the backwash mechanism that mainly is made of nozzle, flushing-liquid pipe, flushing liquor switch and compression pump, wherein, be arranged on the upper end that nozzle on flushing-liquid pipe is positioned at cylindrical screen pack, flushing liquor switch and compression pump are arranged on respectively the diverse location in flushing-liquid pipe; Undertaken also comprising in the Separation of Solid and Liquid filter process by the method:
Open the flushing liquor switch, flushing liquor is being ejected in by nozzle under the High Pressure of compression pump on the outer wall of cylindrical screen pack, when screen pack is taken impurity layer and is turned to nozzle location, impurity on impurity layer is rinsed liquid and sweeps away fast and be collected in impurity collector, and discharges along the impurity outlet fast.
Preferably, backwash mechanism also comprises the waterproof membrane of setting up the nozzle both sides, is undertaken also comprising in the Separation of Solid and Liquid filter process by the method:
The flushing liquor that waterproof membrane will be overflowed at the screen pack outer surface is collected together, and drains in the interior slag liquid of impurity collector, prevents from filtering because flushing liquor splashes to enter decline or the character change that rear solution causes the rear solution concentration of filtration.
Preferably, backwash mechanism also comprises controller for timing switch, is undertaken also comprising in the Separation of Solid and Liquid filter process by the method:
Input by this controller for timing switch receives the control signal of telecommunication, controls by the output output of this controller for timing switch the executive signal that the flushing liquor switch regularly opens and closes.
The present invention adopts classified filtering to realize under normal pressure automatical and efficient, the high-precision separating and filtering of slag liquid can be for recycling and reuse to the filter residue after filtering simultaneously, and the network blocking phenomenon occur in having avoided filtering.The present invention can be advantageously applied to the occasions such as agricultural, industrial production, building, weaving, papermaking.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the automatic separator-filter embodiment of solid-liquid of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and preferred embodiment, technical scheme of the present invention is at length set forth.Should be appreciated that, the embodiment that below enumerates only is used for description and interpretation the present invention, and does not consist of the restriction to technical solution of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, embodiment of the automatic separator-filter of solid-liquid provided by the invention, comprise: filter housing and clamshell (not shown), comprise material collecting tank, cylindrical screen pack, impurity collector, impurity outlet, the charging mouth of pipe, filtered fluid discharging opening at this filtration housing, wherein:
The top that cylindrical screen pack is arranged on material collecting tank forms filtering cabin, and rotates under the driving of motor (not shown); The end face of cylindrical screen pack has the hole, storehouse, and the charging mouth of pipe is shorter in length than cylindrical screen pack length by one and puts in and be arranged in the hole, storehouse with the feed pipe of mouth gap; Impurity collector with the impurity outlet is installed above feed pipe; A side at material collecting tank has the filtered fluid discharging opening; Clamshell covers filtering cabin and material collecting tank above material collecting tank.
In the embodiment of the automatic separator-filter of above-mentioned solid-liquid,
Liquid to be filtered enters in the storehouse of the filtering cabin that is made of cylindrical screen pack from the charging mouth of pipe, and this liquid to be filtered and the cylindrical screen pack of rotation carry out maximum area and contact rear impurity and be attached to the screen pack inwall and form impurity layer, after filtering, solution enters material collecting tank along the cylindrical screen pack of rotation, and flow out along the filtered fluid discharging opening, realize Separation of Solid and Liquid; Simultaneously, filtering and is discharged along the impurity outlet in the impurity on impurity layer is collected in impurity collector under the self gravitation effect, realizes the recovery and reuse of the impurity such as filter residue.
The embodiment of the automatic separator-filter of above-mentioned solid-liquid also comprises the backwash mechanism that mainly is made of nozzle, flushing-liquid pipe, flushing liquor switch and compression pump, wherein:
Be arranged on the upper end that nozzle on flushing-liquid pipe is positioned at cylindrical screen pack, flushing liquor switch and compression pump are arranged on respectively the diverse location in flushing-liquid pipe.
When the flushing liquor switch opens, flushing liquor is being ejected in by nozzle under the High Pressure of compression pump on cylindrical screen pack outer wall, when screen pack is taken impurity layer and is turned to nozzle location, impurity on impurity layer is rinsed liquid and sweeps away fast and be collected in impurity collector, and discharges along the impurity outlet fast.
In the embodiment of the automatic separator-filter of above-mentioned solid-liquid, backwash mechanism also comprises the waterproof membrane of setting up the nozzle both sides.
The flushing liquor that this waterproof membrane will be overflowed at the screen pack outer surface is collected together, and drains in the interior slag liquid of impurity collector, prevents from filtering because flushing liquor splashes to enter decline or the character change that rear solution causes the rear solution concentration of filtration.
In the embodiment of the automatic separator-filter of above-mentioned solid-liquid, backwash mechanism also comprises controller for timing switch, the input of this controller for timing switch receives controls the signal of telecommunication, and the executive signal that the flushing liquor switch regularly opens and closes is controlled in the output output of this controller for timing switch.
Solution after traditional rotary drum grid filter employing is filtered is as the backwash source, and filter residue adheres in filter screen, generally needs human assistance to clean, and does not only reach very high filtering accuracy, and the solution after filtering is caused waste, and efficient is extremely low.And the automatic separator-filter of solid-liquid of the present invention is by allowing screen pack rotate and utilizing solution self gravitation to be filtered to realize filtering; By increasing impurity collector and impurity outlet in screen pack central authorities, and make the impurity such as filter residue enter fast in impurity collector under the effect of counter-flushing liquid, rather than be adsorbed on the screen pack inwall, not only solved the problem of high accuracy, high efficiency filter, and can also realize the impurity such as filter residue after filtering are recycled by impurity collector.This filter is compared with general self-cleaning filter, is more suitable for the filtration of liquid under normal pressure.

Claims (8)

1. the automatic separator-filter of solid-liquid, is characterized in that, comprises filtering housing and clamshell, comprises material collecting tank, cylindrical screen pack, impurity collector, impurity outlet, the charging mouth of pipe, filtered fluid discharging opening at this filtration housing, wherein:
The top that described cylindrical screen pack is arranged on described material collecting tank forms filtering cabin, and rotates under the driving of motor; The end face of described cylindrical screen pack has the hole, storehouse, and the charging mouth of pipe is shorter in length than cylindrical screen pack length by one and puts in and be arranged in hole, described storehouse with the feed pipe of mouth gap; Mounting strap has the described impurity collector of described impurity outlet above described feed pipe; A side at described material collecting tank has described filtered fluid discharging opening; Described clamshell covers described filtering cabin and described material collecting tank above described material collecting tank.
2. according to filter claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise the backwash mechanism that is mainly consisted of by nozzle, flushing-liquid pipe, flushing liquor switch and compression pump, wherein:
Be arranged on the upper end that nozzle on described flushing-liquid pipe is positioned at described cylindrical screen pack, described flushing liquor switch and described compression pump are arranged on respectively the diverse location in described flushing-liquid pipe.
3. according to filter claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described backwash mechanism also comprises the waterproof membrane of setting up the nozzle both sides.
4. according to the described filter of claim 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, described backwash mechanism also comprises controller for timing switch, the input of this controller for timing switch receives controls the signal of telecommunication, and the executive signal that described flushing liquor switch regularly opens and closes is controlled in the output output of this controller for timing switch.
5. one kind is carried out with filter claimed in claim 1 the method that Separation of Solid and Liquid is filtered, and comprising:
Liquid to be filtered enters in described filtering cabin from the described charging mouth of pipe, and this liquid to be filtered and the described cylindrical screen pack of rotation carry out maximum area and contact rear impurity and be attached to the screen pack inwall and form impurity layer, after filtering, solution enters described material collecting tank along the described cylindrical screen pack of rotation, and flow out along described filtered fluid discharging opening, realize Separation of Solid and Liquid; Simultaneously, filtering and is discharged along described impurity outlet in the impurity on impurity layer is collected in described impurity collector under the self gravitation effect, realizes the recovery and reuse of the impurity such as filter residue.
6. in accordance with the method for claim 5, it is characterized in that, described filter also comprises the backwash mechanism that mainly is made of nozzle, flushing-liquid pipe, flushing liquor switch and compression pump, wherein, be arranged on the upper end that nozzle on flushing-liquid pipe is positioned at cylindrical screen pack, flushing liquor switch and compression pump are arranged on respectively the diverse location in flushing-liquid pipe; Undertaken also comprising in the Separation of Solid and Liquid filter process by the method:
Open the flushing liquor switch, flushing liquor is being ejected in by nozzle under the High Pressure of compression pump on the outer wall of described cylindrical screen pack, when described screen pack is taken impurity layer and is turned to described nozzle location, impurity on impurity layer is swept away fast by described flushing liquor and is collected in impurity collector, and discharges along the impurity outlet fast.
7. in accordance with the method for claim 6, it is characterized in that, described backwash mechanism also comprises the waterproof membrane of setting up the nozzle both sides, is undertaken also comprising in the Separation of Solid and Liquid filter process by the method:
The flushing liquor that described waterproof membrane will be overflowed at described screen pack outer surface is collected together, and drains in the interior slag liquid of impurity collector, prevents from filtering because flushing liquor splashes to enter decline or the character change that rear solution causes the rear solution concentration of filtration.
8. according to the described method of claim 6 or 7, it is characterized in that, described backwash mechanism also comprises controller for timing switch, is undertaken also comprising in the Separation of Solid and Liquid filter process by the method:
Input by this controller for timing switch receives the control signal of telecommunication, controls by the output output of this controller for timing switch the executive signal that the flushing liquor switch regularly opens and closes.
CN2013100579626A 2013-02-25 2013-02-25 Solid-liquid autosegregation filter and filtering method thereof Pending CN103111115A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN2013100579626A CN103111115A (en) 2013-02-25 2013-02-25 Solid-liquid autosegregation filter and filtering method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN103111115A true CN103111115A (en) 2013-05-22

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103285650A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-09-11 江苏富大环境科技有限公司 Revolution filtrating equipment
CN106731180A (en) * 2016-11-28 2017-05-31 南安市永腾技术咨询有限公司 A kind of agricultural uses movable high-efficiency equipment for separating liquid from solid
CN108057889A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-05-22 中北大学 A kind of selective laser melting shapes slurry recovery system
CN109518517A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-03-26 无锡赫普轻工设备技术有限公司 The dehydration of animal sebum slurries high speed rotation and paper molding equipment
CN111991888A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-11-27 汤军文 Self-cleaning filter screen

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4137176A (en) * 1977-10-11 1979-01-30 Reclamet, Inc. Chip discharge for continuous chip wringer
CN201169594Y (en) * 2007-07-19 2008-12-24 保尔伍斯股份有限公司 Metallurgy graining and dehydration equipment
CN203075732U (en) * 2013-02-25 2013-07-24 北京中远通科技有限公司 Automatic solid-liquid separation filter

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4137176A (en) * 1977-10-11 1979-01-30 Reclamet, Inc. Chip discharge for continuous chip wringer
CN201169594Y (en) * 2007-07-19 2008-12-24 保尔伍斯股份有限公司 Metallurgy graining and dehydration equipment
CN203075732U (en) * 2013-02-25 2013-07-24 北京中远通科技有限公司 Automatic solid-liquid separation filter

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103285650A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-09-11 江苏富大环境科技有限公司 Revolution filtrating equipment
CN106731180A (en) * 2016-11-28 2017-05-31 南安市永腾技术咨询有限公司 A kind of agricultural uses movable high-efficiency equipment for separating liquid from solid
CN106731180B (en) * 2016-11-28 2019-08-16 刘兴朋 A kind of agricultural movable high-efficiency equipment for separating liquid from solid
CN108057889A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-05-22 中北大学 A kind of selective laser melting shapes slurry recovery system
CN109518517A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-03-26 无锡赫普轻工设备技术有限公司 The dehydration of animal sebum slurries high speed rotation and paper molding equipment
CN111991888A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-11-27 汤军文 Self-cleaning filter screen

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Application publication date: 20130522