CN103056428B - Combined numerical control milling machine - Google Patents

Combined numerical control milling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103056428B
CN103056428B CN201310013841.1A CN201310013841A CN103056428B CN 103056428 B CN103056428 B CN 103056428B CN 201310013841 A CN201310013841 A CN 201310013841A CN 103056428 B CN103056428 B CN 103056428B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
slotting cutter
spindle
machine tool
dynamic contact
control module
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201310013841.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103056428A (en
Inventor
王西彬
李慎旺
解丽静
刘彦臣
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Beijing Institute of Technology BIT
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Beijing Institute of Technology BIT
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Publication of CN103056428B publication Critical patent/CN103056428B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention relates to a combined numerical control milling machine, which belongs to the technical field of mechanical machining. The combined numerical control milling machine comprises an electric spindle of a machine tool, electric spindles of end mills, a mill disc, a ram-type beam, a machine body, the helical-edge end mills, a transverse feeding working table, a vertical feeding working table, a lifting table, a base, a control system, a movable contact sliding ring, a movable contact contactor, an insulating ring and a lead wire, wherein the control system controls the electric spindle of the machine tool and the electric spindles of the end mills to rotate; the electric spindle of the machine tool drives the mill disc fixedly connected with the electric spindle of the machine tool to rotate; and the control system simultaneously controls the transverse feeding working table, the vertical feeding working table and the lifting table to move, so that the planes of workpieces on the transverse feeding working table are machined. According to the numerical control milling machine provided by the invention, the plane milling efficiency can be effectively improved, the cutting force and the cutting head are reduced, the service life of the mills is prolonged, and the vibration of the tool machine can be alleviated.

Description

A kind of compound numerical control milling machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of compound numerical control milling machine, belong to Machining Technology field.
Background technology
Lathe highly-efficient processing workpiece is utilized to be the problem that people study always, but at highly-efficient processing workpiece simultaneously, often along with the reduction of the increase of machine vibration, the increase of cutting force, the increase of heat in metal cutting and tool life, have a strong impact on the development of highly-efficient processing.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is, for solving the problems such as machine tooling efficiency is low in prior art, a kind of high efficiency composition CNC milling machine to be provided, to carry out high-efficient milling to the plane in machining.
A kind of compound numerical control milling machine, comprises electrical spindle for machine tool, slotting cutter electro spindle, facing cutter, ram type crossbeam, lathe bed, helical edges slotting cutter, traverse feed workbench, length feed workbench, lifting platform, base, control system, dynamic contact slip ring, dynamic contact contact, dead ring and wire.
Described control system comprises command analysis module, electrical spindle for machine tool control module, slotting cutter electro spindle control module, traverse feed control module, length feed control module and elevating control module.Command analysis module receives parameter and the control command of extraneous input, after resolving, generates the control instruction of other each modules respectively, is given to other modules simultaneously.Slotting cutter electro spindle control module forms multiple drive singal according to instruction and exports, and is delivered to slotting cutter electro spindle, to each slotting cutter drive singal, controls its rotary motion by dynamic contact contact, dynamic contact slip ring, wire.
Described traverse feed workbench, length feed workbench, lifting platform comprise respective feed drive unit and actuating unit.Control system is converted to the driving of actuating unit by feed drive unit to the control signal of workbench, actuating unit realizes horizontal, the longitudinal direction of relevant work platform respectively and moves up and down.
Electrical spindle for machine tool and ram type crossbeam are connected, and ram type crossbeam and lathe bed are connected, and lathe bed and base are connected; Lifting platform is connected with lathe bed and can moves up and down along lathe bed, and length feed workbench is positioned on lifting platform and also inside and outside can moves along lifting platform, and traverse feed workbench is positioned on length feed workbench and also can longitudinally moves left and right by Feed table; Facing cutter and electrical spindle for machine tool lower end are connected, and multiple slotting cutter electro spindle and facing cutter are connected; Each slotting cutter electro spindle lower end is connected a helical edges slotting cutter, multiple dynamic contact slip ring is embedded in facing cutter upper surface, be dead ring between dynamic contact slip ring and facing cutter, multiple dynamic contact contact upper end and ram type crossbeam are connected, and each dynamic contact contact lower end contacts with corresponding dynamic slip ring that contacts and relatively can move contact slide; Each dynamic contact slip ring connects wire, and wire is connected with corresponding slotting cutter electro spindle through dead ring; Electrical spindle for machine tool and slotting cutter electro spindle all can rotate around own axes, the output of the electrical spindle for machine tool control module of control system is connected with electrical spindle for machine tool, the output of slotting cutter electro spindle control module is connected with multiple slotting cutter electro spindle by dynamic contact contact, dynamic contact slip ring, wire, traverse feed control module, length feed control module are connected with the drive unit of traverse feed workbench, length feed workbench, lifting platform respectively with the output of elevating control module, thus realize the processing to the workpiece planarization be positioned on traverse feed workbench.
The quantity of dynamic contact slip ring, dead ring, dynamic contact contact is equal respectively.
Multiple slotting cutter electro spindle adopts even or non-homogeneous being regularly distributed on facing cutter.
The direction of rotation of electrical spindle for machine tool and slotting cutter electro spindle in the same way or oppositely.
Beneficial effect
CNC milling machine provided by the invention can improve the efficiency of slabbing effectively, reduces cutting force, reduces heat in metal cutting, improves cutter life, reduces machine vibration.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of compound numerical control milling machine of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the A-A broken section enlarged drawing of a kind of compound numerical control milling machine of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the B-B broken section enlarged drawing of a kind of compound numerical control milling machine of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the composition schematic diagram of control system in a kind of compound numerical control milling machine of the present invention.
Label declaration: 1-electrical spindle for machine tool, 2-slotting cutter electro spindle, 3-facing cutter, 4-ram type crossbeam, 5-lathe bed, 6-helical edges slotting cutter, 7-traverse feed workbench, 8-length feed workbench, 9-lifting platform, 10-base, 11-control system, 12-dynamic contact slip ring, 13-dynamic contact contact, 14-dead ring, 15-wire.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to better objects and advantages of the present invention are described, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, content of the present invention is described further.The following stated is only present pre-ferred embodiments, does not therefore limit protection scope of the present invention.
A kind of compound numerical control milling machine as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, comprises electrical spindle for machine tool 1, slotting cutter electro spindle 2, facing cutter 3, ram type crossbeam 4, lathe bed 5, helical edges slotting cutter 6, traverse feed workbench 7, length feed workbench 8, lifting platform 9, base 10, control system 11, dynamic contact slip ring 12, dynamic contact contact 13, dead ring 14 and wire 15.
Described control system as shown in Figure 4, comprises command analysis module, electrical spindle for machine tool control module, slotting cutter electro spindle control module, traverse feed control module, length feed control module and elevating control module.
In the present embodiment, electrical spindle for machine tool 1 and ram type crossbeam 4 are connected, ram type crossbeam 4 and lathe bed 5 are connected, lathe bed 5 and base 10 are connected, lifting platform 9 is connected with lathe bed 5 and can moves up and down along lathe bed, length feed workbench is positioned on lifting platform 8 and also inside and outside can moves along lifting platform 9, traverse feed workbench 7 is positioned on length feed workbench 8 and also can longitudinally moves left and right by Feed table 8, facing cutter 3 and electrical spindle for machine tool 1 are connected, eight slotting cutter electro spindle and facing cutter 3 are connected, each slotting cutter electro spindle is fixed with helical edges slotting cutter, three dynamic contact slip rings 12 are embedded in facing cutter 3 and are also insulated with facing cutter 3 by the corresponding dead ring 14 between dynamic contact slip ring 12 and facing cutter 3 above, three dynamic contact contact 13 upper ends and ram type crossbeam 4 are connected, three dynamic contact contact 13 lower ends contact with the corresponding dynamic slip ring 12 that contacts and relatively can move contact slide, the mode of connection of slotting cutter electro spindle 2 is: three wire 15 one end connect with corresponding dynamic slip ring 12 lower surface that contacts through corresponding dead ring 14, the other end of wire 15 is connected with slotting cutter electro spindle 2, the mode of connection of eight slotting cutter electro spindle 2 is identical, electrical spindle for machine tool 1 and slotting cutter electro spindle 2 all can rotate around own axes, control system 11 controls electrical spindle for machine tool 1 respectively, the rotary motion of eight slotting cutter electro spindle and traverse feed workbench, length feed workbench, the movement of lifting platform.Electrical spindle for machine tool drives the facing cutter be connected with it to rotate, eight slotting cutter electro spindle drive the helical edges slotting cutter be connected with it to rotate respectively, and the drive singal that control eight slotting cutter electro spindle that wherein control system 11 sends rotate is delivered to eight slotting cutter electro spindle 2 by dynamic contact contact 13, dynamic contact slip ring 12, wire 15.The rotating speed of eight helical edges slotting cutters rotary motion with turn to consistent.
When needing the rotary motion controlling eight slotting cutter electro spindle respectively, by increasing the quantity of dynamic contact contact 13, dynamic contact slip ring 12 and dead ring 14, and difference is moved contact slip ring 12 and to be connected with corresponding slotting cutter electro spindle 2 by wire 15 and realize.The rotating speed of now eight helical edges slotting cutters rotary motion with turn to can consistent also can be inconsistent.
Facing cutter rotates, eight helical edges slotting cutter rotation, the mobile of traverse feed workbench, length feed workbench, lifting platform form compound milling and complete processing to workpiece.
Eight helical edges vertical milling knife-edges rotate limit incision workpiece and form the processing of orderly multiple-cutting-edge, improve lathe efficiency.Helical edges milling cutter has brisk, steady, the efficiency advantages of higher of cutting relative to straight knife simultaneously, so CNC milling machine of the present invention comparatively Numerical-control Milling Machines effectively can reduce machine vibration and cutting force, reduce heat in metal cutting, eight helical edges slotting cutter intermittent-cutting workpiece simultaneously, each milling cutter has cutting workpiece time and not cutting workpiece time in process, and this had not only been conducive to dispelling the heat but also improving often the tool life of helical edges slotting cutter.CNC milling machine of the present invention can improve the efficiency of slabbing effectively, reduces cutting force, reduces heat in metal cutting, improves tool life, reduces machine vibration.

Claims (5)

1. a compound numerical control milling machine, comprise electrical spindle for machine tool, ram type crossbeam, lathe bed, length feed workbench, base, ram type crossbeam and lathe bed are connected, lathe bed and base are connected, and it is characterized in that: also comprise slotting cutter electro spindle, facing cutter, helical edges slotting cutter, traverse feed workbench, lifting platform, control system, dynamic contact slip ring, dynamic contact contact, dead ring and wire;
Described control system comprises command analysis module, electrical spindle for machine tool control module, slotting cutter electro spindle control module, traverse feed control module, length feed control module and elevating control module; Command analysis module receives parameter and the control command of extraneous input, generates the control instruction of other each modules respectively, be given to other modules simultaneously after parsing; Slotting cutter electro spindle control module forms multiple drive singal according to instruction and exports, and is delivered to slotting cutter electro spindle, to each slotting cutter drive singal, controls its rotary motion by dynamic contact contact, dynamic contact slip ring, wire;
Electrical spindle for machine tool and ram type crossbeam are connected, lifting platform is connected with lathe bed and can moves up and down along lathe bed, length feed workbench is positioned on lifting platform and also inside and outside can moves along lifting platform, and traverse feed workbench is positioned on length feed workbench and also can longitudinally moves left and right by Feed table; Facing cutter and electrical spindle for machine tool lower end are connected, and multiple slotting cutter electro spindle and facing cutter are connected; Each slotting cutter electro spindle lower end is connected a helical edges slotting cutter, multiple dynamic contact slip ring is embedded in facing cutter upper surface, be dead ring between dynamic contact slip ring and facing cutter, multiple dynamic contact contact upper end and ram type crossbeam are connected, and each dynamic contact contact lower end contacts with corresponding dynamic slip ring that contacts and relatively can move contact slide; Each dynamic contact slip ring connects wire, and wire is connected with corresponding slotting cutter electro spindle through dead ring; Electrical spindle for machine tool and slotting cutter electro spindle all can rotate around own axes, the output of the electrical spindle for machine tool control module of control system is connected with electrical spindle for machine tool, the output of slotting cutter electro spindle control module is connected with multiple slotting cutter electro spindle by dynamic contact contact, dynamic contact slip ring, wire, traverse feed control module, length feed control module are connected with the drive unit of traverse feed workbench, length feed workbench, lifting platform respectively with the output of elevating control module, thus realize the processing to the workpiece planarization be positioned on traverse feed workbench.
2. a kind of compound numerical control milling machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: multiple slotting cutter electro spindle adopts and even or is non-homogeneously regularly distributed on facing cutter.
3. a kind of compound numerical control milling machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the direction of rotation of electrical spindle for machine tool and slotting cutter electro spindle in the same way or oppositely.
4. a kind of compound numerical control milling machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described traverse feed workbench, length feed workbench, lifting platform comprise respective feed drive unit and actuating unit; Control system is converted to the driving of actuating unit by feed drive unit to the control signal of workbench, actuating unit realizes horizontal, the longitudinal direction of relevant work platform respectively and moves up and down.
5. a kind of compound numerical control milling machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the quantity of dynamic contact slip ring, dead ring, dynamic contact contact is equal respectively.
CN201310013841.1A 2013-01-15 2013-01-15 Combined numerical control milling machine Expired - Fee Related CN103056428B (en)

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CN103056428B true CN103056428B (en) 2015-02-18

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CN103273344A (en) * 2013-05-08 2013-09-04 苏州东方模具科技股份有限公司 Work clamp matched with universal miller and used for milling seam faces of glass molds
JP5963292B2 (en) * 2013-07-01 2016-08-03 国立大学法人名古屋大学 End mill processing equipment, CAM equipment and NC program
CN103769677B (en) * 2014-01-16 2015-11-25 北京理工大学 Differential stepless speed regulation multi-mode rolling cut lathe
CN106914663A (en) * 2015-12-28 2017-07-04 南京沃特电机有限公司 A kind of cartridge case trimmer
CN106774257A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-05-31 重庆电子工程职业学院 Open AC servo motion control pilot system
CN108672778B (en) * 2018-05-23 2020-07-14 台州孚亚电机有限公司 Cutting and milling mechanism of automatic machining equipment for wire stripping blades and control method of cutting and milling mechanism
CN108746797A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-06 北京理工大学 A kind of Compound Machining tool milling-milling power head
CN110052664B (en) * 2019-05-05 2021-03-26 东莞市鑫拓智能机械科技有限公司 Equipment for processing harmonic reducer flexible gear
CN112247231B (en) * 2020-10-15 2022-11-11 航天科工哈尔滨风华有限公司 Lengthened angle milling head device of three-point positioning supporting structure

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JPS5411021B2 (en) * 1973-04-28 1979-05-11
CN2573125Y (en) * 2002-10-25 2003-09-17 沈阳工业学院 Vertical high-speed NC milling machine
JP5136853B2 (en) * 2008-09-16 2013-02-06 ブラザー工業株式会社 Numerically controlled machine tool and control program for numerically controlled machine tool
CN201470957U (en) * 2009-07-24 2010-05-19 王占余 Planer vertical high-speed numerical control milling machine
CN202239826U (en) * 2011-10-08 2012-05-30 山东华强精密机床有限公司 Numerically controlled milling machine

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