CN103047724A - Multi-energy complementally driven dehumidification air-conditioning system - Google Patents

Multi-energy complementally driven dehumidification air-conditioning system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103047724A
CN103047724A CN2013100117561A CN201310011756A CN103047724A CN 103047724 A CN103047724 A CN 103047724A CN 2013100117561 A CN2013100117561 A CN 2013100117561A CN 201310011756 A CN201310011756 A CN 201310011756A CN 103047724 A CN103047724 A CN 103047724A
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valve
air
solution
energy
conditioning system
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CN2013100117561A
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CN103047724B (en
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姚晔
陈静
郭海新
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SHANGHAI KST ENERGY CONSERVATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Shanghai Jiaotong University
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SHANGHAI KST ENERGY CONSERVATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Shanghai Jiaotong University
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Abstract

The invention discloses a multi-energy complementally driven dehumidification air-conditioning system which comprises a room internal partition wall, a room wall, a hollow fiber membrane, an indoor air return port, an indoor circulating fan, a wind driven generator, a storage battery, a solar thermal collector, a heat exchanger, an ultrasonic atomizer, an ultrasonic generator, a solution regenerator, an energy storage reservoir, a solution collection reservoir, a solution circulating pump, a liquid return pump and a plurality of valves. The solution regenerator is composed of an atomizing chamber, an air inlet, a solution baffle, a demister and an exhaust fan. The multi-energy complementally driven dehumidification air-conditioning system uses solar energy as the regeneration thermal source of a dehumidification solution, improves dehumidification solution regeneration efficiency by aid of the ultrasonic atomization effect, solves the problem of the solution dehumidification system that the air contains liquid by aid of the hollow fiber reverse osmosis membrane, is provided with electricity through wind power generation, and achieves diversification of system driving energy. The multi-energy complementally driven dehumidification air-conditioning system can meet architectural indoor dehumidification requirements in high-humidity seasons such as the spring and the summer, can supply heat to the buildings in summer, is especially suitable for being used in moist areas with cold winter and hot summer, and has remarkable social benefit and economic benefit.

Description

A kind of dehumidifier/air-conditioning system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other and driving
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of dehumidifier/air-conditioning system, relate in particular to a kind of dehumidifier/air-conditioning system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other and driving, belong to the Energy Conservation Project in Construction applied technical field.
Background technology
The solution dehumidification technology is that to adopt the salting liquid (such as LiCl, CaCl2, LiBr etc.) with dehumidification function be working media, utilizes the moisture absorption of solution and moisture releasing characteristic that air humidity is regulated and controlled.Salting liquid and airborne steam partial pressure are poor to be the two driving gesture of carrying out moisture transmission, when the surface vapor pressure of solution is lower than airborne steam partial pressure, and the airborne moisture of solution absorption, air is dehumidified; Otherwise the moisture in the solution enters in the air, and solution is concentrated regeneration, and air is by humidification.Compare with solid dehumidifying modes such as runners, the solution dehumidification technology has following advantage: 1). efficient energy-saving.The solution dehumidification process easily is cooled, thereby realizes the dehumidification process of isothermal, so that irreversible loss reduces, can reach higher thermodynamics integrity.2). flexible form.Because liquid has flowability, adopt the heat and mass comparison in equipment of liquid dehumidifying easily to realize, geometrical construction is relatively simple, and is convenient to coordinate to arrange with construction wall.3). good energy storage characteristic is convenient to the dehumidifier/air-conditioning system stable operation of unstable regenerative resource and used heat driving.Find through the literature search to prior art, Chinese patent (application) number is CN200910185026.7, name is called a kind of heat pump driven solution dehumidifying air-conditioning device, and this is invented described solution dehumidifying air-conditioning device and comprises solution dehumidification assembly, air treatment system assembly, cooling assembly and heat pump components.Owing to utilizing the heat pump heat extraction that solution is regenerated, the dehumidifying air-conditioning system efficiency improves, but dehumidification solution has severe corrosive to common metal (such as iron, aluminium, copper), therefore heat pump condenser directly contacts and will greatly shorten the service life of system with solution.Chinese patent (application) number is CN200820160676.7, name is called the solution dehumidification air-conditioner that utilizes diaphragm type regenerator, a kind of solution dehumidification air-conditioner that utilizes diaphragm type regenerator is disclosed, the regeneration of waste liquor of solution dehumidification air-conditioner adopts amberplex, form new concentrated solution with mixing behind the negative ions separate collection in the weak solution, the introducing of amberplex realizes the regeneration of dehumidification solution normal temperature, a large amount of energy losses of having avoided high temperature regeneration to cause, need to consume electric energy but utilize amberplex to carry out dehumidification solution regeneration, and have very large potential safety hazard.Chinese patent (application) number is CN201010587750.5, name is called the multi-stage M-shaped air way liquid desiccant dehumidification air-conditioning system that utilizes ultrasonic atomization technology, this system adopts multi-stage M-shaped air way liquid desiccant to replace the dehumidifying filler, utilize ultrasonic technology that salting liquid is atomized, pending humid air fully contacts with atomizing salting liquid particle in the dehumidification air conditioner case, carry out the caloic exchange, than conventional filler formula dehumidifier/air-conditioning system, maximum advantage is that the space utilization rate is large, SR is little, increase simultaneously gas-liquid contact place area and gas-liquid reaction time, improve solution dehumidification efficient, but utilize the ultrasonic atomization dehumidification solution that air is dehumidified, can increase processed air with liquid problem, indoor air quality is worsened, not only affect indoor electric appliance equipment and normally move, also might have a negative impact to human body health.
Summary of the invention
Be deficiency and the defective that overcomes prior art, the present invention designs a kind of dehumidifier/air-conditioning system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other and driving, with the regeneration thermal source of solar energy as dehumidification solution, utilize simultaneously the ultrasonic atomization effect, dehumidification liquid is atomized into the micron order droplet, increase considerably the contact area between dehumidification liquid and the regeneration air, the efficient of Effective Raise dehumidification liquid regeneration; The dehumidifier of system adopts the doughnut reverse osmosis membrane, has thoroughly eliminated the corrosivity that is caused by processed air with liquid (solution molecule) and the potential hazard that health is produced; Utilize wind power generation to provide power supply for all power-equipments in the dehumidifier/air-conditioning system, thereby realize that dehumidification system does not need or lessly must consume artificial electric energy.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides a kind of a kind of dehumidifier/air-conditioning system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other and driving of dehumidifier/air-conditioning system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other and driving, comprise room internal partition wall (1), room body of wall (2), doughnut cortina (3), indoor return air inlet (4), indoor circulation blower fan (5), wind-driven generator (6), battery (7), solar thermal collector (8), heat exchanger (9), ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10), supersonic generator (11), solution regenerator (12), energy storage pool (18), collecting tank (19), solution circulation pump (20) returns liquid pump (21);
Described room internal partition wall (1) and room body of wall (2) form air duct, built-in doughnut cortina (3), room internal partition wall (1) below has indoor return air inlet (4), and indoor circulation blower fan (5) is equipped with in room internal partition wall (1) top; The zone of heat liberation import and export of heat exchanger (9) links to each other with import with the hot water outlet of solar thermal collector (8) respectively, and the cold fluid pass import of heat exchanger (9) reaches back liquid pump (21) outlet with liquid circulating pump (20) outlet simultaneously and links to each other.
Further, the described dehumidifier/air-conditioning system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other and driving wherein, also comprises A valve (22), B valve (23), C valve (24), D valve (25), E valve (26), F valve (27);
On described solution circulation pump (20) and described time liquid pump (21) outlet conduit, E valve (26) and F valve (27) are set respectively; The cold fluid pass outlet of described heat exchanger (9) links to each other with described ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10) inlet and described energy storage pool (18) inlet simultaneously, and described B valve (23) and described C valve (24) are set respectively on connecting pipe;
Described energy storage pool (18) inlet also links to each other with the liquid outlet of described solution regenerator (12) bottom simultaneously, described A valve (22) is set on the connecting pipe, described energy storage pool (18) liquid outlet links to each other with the inlet of (20) import of described solution circulation pump and described doughnut cortina (3) simultaneously, in the input duct of described doughnut cortina (3) described D valve (25) is set.
Preferably, described solution regenerator (12) is by spray chamber (13), air inlet (14), and liquid barrier (15), demister (16) and exhaust blower (17) form.
The air inlet (14) of described solution regenerator (12) is positioned at described spray chamber (13) chamber wall bottom, described ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10) is positioned at described spray chamber (13) central authorities, its fog-spray nozzle is higher than described air inlet (14), air outlet place at described solution regenerator (12) is equipped with described liquid barrier (15) successively by air-flow direction, demister (16) and exhaust blower (17).
Further, described collecting tank (19) inlet links to each other with liquid outlet and described time liquid pump (21) import of described doughnut cortina (3) by pipeline respectively with liquid outlet; The electric output of described wind-driven generator (6) is connected with the electrical input of described battery (7).
Preferably, the frequency range selected of described ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10) is 20-200kHz.
Further, described heat exchanger (9), solution regenerator (12), energy storage pool (18), liquid barrier (15), demister (16), collecting tank (19), solution circulation pump (20), time liquid pump (21), A valve (22), B valve (23), C valve (24), D valve (25), E valve (26) and F valve (27) and all connecting pipes require that all dehumidizer solution is had good corrosion resistance.
Preferably, described heat exchanger (9) also requires to have good heat exchange property.
Preferably, described A valve (22), B valve (23), C valve (24) and D valve (25) are stop valve, and E valve (26) and F valve (27) are check-valves.
Further, the electric output of described battery (7) links to each other with the electrical input that described indoor circulation blower fan (5), exhaust blower (17), supersonic generator (11), solution circulation pump (20) reach back liquid pump (21) respectively, and the electric output of described supersonic generator (11) links to each other with described ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10) electrical input.
A kind of dehumidifier/air-conditioning system that drives of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other of the present invention utilizes solar energy heating that dehumidification solution is regenerated, regenerative device of solution adopts the ultrasonic atomization intensifying regenerating, under the same regeneration temperature conditions, can effectively reduce the size of regenerative device of solution, improve the recycling efficient of dehumidification solution; Solution dehumidification device adopts the doughnut reverse osmosis membrane, has thoroughly stopped the potential problems of processed air with liquid (solution molecule), such as corrosivity, human influence etc.; The doughnut reverse osmosis membrane is arranged in the Ventilating wall, has increased contact area and time of contact between processed air and the doughnut reverse osmosis membrane, Effective Raise doughnut reverse osmosis membrane dehumidification rate has also effectively utilized space simultaneously; Utilize wind power generation for all the current consuming apparatus power supplies in the dehumidifier/air-conditioning system, comprise supersonic generator, blower and water pump.A kind of dehumidifier/air-conditioning system that drives of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other of the present invention takes full advantage of regenerative resource, the spring and summer high humidity can satisfy architecture indoor dehumidifying requirement season, can be building heating winter, be particularly suitable for having a humid climate, area cold in winter and hot in summer, will produce significant Social benefit and economic benefit.
Be described further below with reference to the technique effect of accompanying drawing to design of the present invention, concrete structure and generation, to understand fully purpose of the present invention, feature and effect.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of dehumidifier/air-conditioning system structural representation of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other and driving of a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention includes room internal partition wall 1, room body of wall 2, doughnut cortina 3, indoor return air inlet 4, indoor circulation blower fan 5, wind-driven generator 6, battery 7, solar thermal collector 8, heat exchanger 9, ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory 10, supersonic generator 11, solution regenerator 12, energy storage pool 18, collecting tank 19, solution circulation pump 20 returns liquid pump 21, A valve 22, B valve 23, C valve 24, D valve 25, E valve 26, F valve 27, wherein, solution regenerator 12 is by spray chamber 13, air inlet 14, liquid barrier 15, demister 16 and exhaust blower 17 form.
Room internal partition wall 1 and room body of wall 2 form air duct, built-in doughnut cortina 3, and internal partition wall 1 below in room has indoor return air inlet 4, and indoor circulation blower fan 5 is equipped with in internal partition wall 1 top in room; The air inlet 14 of solution regenerator 12 is positioned at spray chamber 13 chamber walls bottom, ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory 10 is positioned at spray chamber 13 central authorities, its fog-spray nozzle is higher than air inlet 14, by air-flow direction liquid barrier 15 is installed successively at the air outlet place of solution regenerator 12, demister 16 and exhaust blower 17; The zone of heat liberation import and export of heat exchanger 9 links to each other with import with the hot water outlet of solar thermal collector 8 respectively, the cold fluid pass import of heat exchanger 9 reaches back liquid pump 21 outlets with 20 outlets of liquid circulating pump simultaneously and links to each other, and on liquid circulating pump 20 and time liquid pump 21 outlet conduits E valve 26 and F valve 27 is set respectively; The cold fluid pass outlet of heat exchanger 9 links to each other with ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory 10 inlets and energy storage pool 18 inlets simultaneously, and B valve 23 and C valve 24 are set respectively on connecting pipe; Energy storage pool 18 inlets also link to each other with the liquid outlet of solution regenerator 12 bottoms simultaneously, A valve 22 is set on the connecting pipe, energy storage pool 18 liquid outlets link to each other with the inlet of solution circulation pump 20 imports and doughnut cortina 3 simultaneously, in the input duct of doughnut cortina 3 D valve 25 are set; Collecting tank 19 inlets reach back liquid pump 21 imports by pipeline and the liquid outlet of doughnut cortina 3 respectively with liquid outlet and link to each other; The electric output of wind-driven generator 6 is connected with the electrical input of battery 7, the electric output of battery 7 links to each other with the electrical input that indoor circulation blower fan 5, exhaust blower 17, supersonic generator 11, solution circulation pump 20 reach back liquid pump 21 respectively, and supersonic generator 11 electric outputs link to each other with ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory 10 electrical inputs.
The frequency range that ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory 10 is selected is 20-200kHz.Heat exchanger 9, solution regenerator 12, energy storage pool 18, liquid barrier 15, demister 16, collecting tank 19, solution circulation pump 20, time liquid pump 21, A valve 22, B valve 23, C valve 24, D valve 25, E valve 26 and F valve 27 and all connecting pipes require that all dehumidizer solution is had good corrosion resistance, and heat exchanger 9 also requires to have good heat exchange property simultaneously.A valve 22, B valve 23, C valve 24 and D valve 25 are stop valve, and E valve 26 and F valve 27 are check-valves.
Indoor humid air enters wall body interlayer from indoor return air inlet 4 under the effect of indoor circulation blower fan 5, after wherein doughnut cortina 3 fully contacts, be back to again indoor.
In spring and summer high humidity season, A valve 22, B valve 23 and D valve 25 are all opened, C valve 24 is closed, indoor circulation blower fan 5, exhaust blower 17, supersonic generator 11, solution circulation pump 20 and time liquid pump 21 move simultaneously, the dehumidification solution that energy storage pool 18 bottom concentration are higher flows into hollow fibre filament film 3 under action of gravitation, make doughnut cortina 3 outer surfaces have certain wet-out property, then flow into collecting tank 19, dehumidification liquid in the collecting tank 19 under the effect of returning liquid pump 21 through stream heat exchanger 9, deliver to ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory 10 after being heated, then under ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory 10 effects, form atomized drop, regeneration air enters spray chamber 13 by air inlet 14 under the effect of exhaust blower 17, after the dehumidification solution atomized drop fully contacts, successively by liquid barrier 15 and demister 16, then drain into outdoor, the dehumidification solution atomized drop constantly sinks down into solution regenerator 12 bottoms and forms the higher dehumidification solution of concentration under Action of Gravity Field, then flow into energy storage pool 18, energy storage pool 18 top part dehumidification solutions under solution circulation pump 20 effect through stream heat exchanger 9, by ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory 10 regeneration that again atomizes, and the higher dehumidification solution of energy storage pool 18 bottom concentration flows into hollow fibre filament film 3 under action of gravitation, room air is dehumidified, so circulation.
Cold season in the winter time, indoor the needs dehumidifies, at this moment, C valve 24 and D valve 25 are all opened, A valve 22 and B valve 23 are closed, indoor circulation blower fan 5, solution circulation pump 20 and 21 operations of time liquid pump, exhaust blower 17 and supersonic generator 11 are closed, part dehumidification liquid in the energy storage pool 18 is directly delivered to heat exchanger 9 and is recycled heating under the effect of solution circulation pump 20, the remainder dehumidification liquid flows into doughnut cortina 3, flow to collecting tank 19 after indoor air is heated, then by returning after liquid pump 21 delivers to heat exchanger 9 and be heated, get back to again in the energy storage pool 18, so circulation.
More than describe preferred embodiment of the present invention in detail.The ordinary skill that should be appreciated that this area need not creative work and just can design according to the present invention make many modifications and variations.Therefore, all in the art technical staff all should be in the determined protection domain by claims under this invention's idea on the basis of existing technology by the available technical scheme of logical analysis, reasoning, or a limited experiment.

Claims (10)

1. dehumidifier/air-conditioning system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other and driving, it is characterized in that, comprise room internal partition wall (1), room body of wall (2), doughnut cortina (3), indoor return air inlet (4), indoor circulation blower fan (5), wind-driven generator (6), battery (7), solar thermal collector (8), heat exchanger (9), ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10), supersonic generator (11), solution regenerator (12), energy storage pool (18), collecting tank (19), solution circulation pump (20) returns liquid pump (21);
Described room internal partition wall (1) and room body of wall (2) form air duct, built-in described doughnut cortina (3), described room internal partition wall (1) below has described indoor return air inlet (4), and described indoor circulation blower fan (5) is equipped with in described room internal partition wall (1) top; The zone of heat liberation import and export of described heat exchanger (9) links to each other with import with the hot water outlet of described solar thermal collector (8) respectively, and the cold fluid pass import of described heat exchanger (9) links to each other with described liquid circulating pump (20) outlet and described time liquid pump (21) outlet simultaneously.
2. the dehumidifier/air-conditioning system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other and driving as claimed in claim 1 wherein, also comprises A valve (22), B valve (23), C valve (24), D valve (25), E valve (26), F valve (27);
On described solution circulation pump (20) and described time liquid pump (21) outlet conduit, E valve (26) and F valve (27) are set respectively; The cold fluid pass outlet of described heat exchanger (9) links to each other with described ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10) inlet and described energy storage pool (18) inlet simultaneously, and described B valve (23) and described C valve (24) are set respectively on connecting pipe;
Described energy storage pool (18) inlet also links to each other with the liquid outlet of described solution regenerator (12) bottom simultaneously, described A valve (22) is set on the connecting pipe, described energy storage pool (18) liquid outlet links to each other with the inlet of (20) import of described solution circulation pump and described doughnut cortina (3) simultaneously, in the input duct of described doughnut cortina (3) described D valve (25) is set.
3. the dehumidifier/air-conditioning system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other and driving as claimed in claim 1, wherein, described solution regenerator (12) is by spray chamber (13), air inlet (14), liquid barrier (15), demister (16) and exhaust blower (17) form.
4. the dehumidifier/air-conditioning system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other and driving as claimed in claim 3, wherein, the air inlet (14) of described solution regenerator (12) is positioned at described spray chamber (13) chamber wall bottom, described ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10) is positioned at described spray chamber (13) central authorities, its fog-spray nozzle is higher than described air inlet (14), air outlet place at described solution regenerator (12) is equipped with described liquid barrier (15) successively by air-flow direction, demister (16) and exhaust blower (17).
5. the dehumidifier/air-conditioning system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other and driving as claimed in claim 1, wherein, described collecting tank (19) inlet links to each other with liquid outlet and described time liquid pump (21) import of described doughnut cortina (3) by pipeline respectively with liquid outlet; The electric output of described wind-driven generator (6) is connected with the electrical input of described battery (7).
6. the dehumidifier/air-conditioning system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other and driving as claimed in claim 1, wherein, the frequency range that described ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10) is selected is 20-200kHz.
7. the dehumidifier/air-conditioning system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other and driving as claimed in claim 1, wherein, described heat exchanger (9), solution regenerator (12), energy storage pool (18), liquid barrier (15), demister (16), collecting tank (19), solution circulation pump (20), time liquid pump (21), A valve (22), B valve (23), C valve (24), D valve (25), E valve (26) and F valve (27) and all connecting pipes require that all dehumidizer solution is had good corrosion resistance.
8. the dehumidifier/air-conditioning system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other and driving as claimed in claim 1, wherein, described heat exchanger (9) also requires to have good heat exchange property.
9. the dehumidifier/air-conditioning system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other and driving as claimed in claim 1, wherein, described A valve (22), B valve (23), C valve (24) and D valve (25) are stop valve, and E valve (26) and F valve (27) are check-valves.
10. the dehumidifier/air-conditioning system of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other and driving as claimed in claim 1, wherein, the electric output of described battery (7) links to each other with the electrical input that described indoor circulation blower fan (5), exhaust blower (17), supersonic generator (11), solution circulation pump (20) reach back liquid pump (21) respectively, and the electric output of described supersonic generator (11) links to each other with described ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10) electrical input.
CN201310011756.1A 2013-01-11 2013-01-11 Multi-energy complementally driven dehumidification air-conditioning system Expired - Fee Related CN103047724B (en)

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CN109579199A (en) * 2019-01-22 2019-04-05 上海交通大学 A kind of heat pump driven semipermeable membrane dehumidifying ultrasonic atomizatio regeneration solution air-conditioning system

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