CN103047724B - Multi-energy complementally driven dehumidification air-conditioning system - Google Patents

Multi-energy complementally driven dehumidification air-conditioning system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103047724B
CN103047724B CN201310011756.1A CN201310011756A CN103047724B CN 103047724 B CN103047724 B CN 103047724B CN 201310011756 A CN201310011756 A CN 201310011756A CN 103047724 B CN103047724 B CN 103047724B
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valve
air
solution
energy
conditioning
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CN103047724A (en
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姚晔
陈静
郭海新
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SHANGHAI KST ENERGY CONSERVATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
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SHANGHAI KST ENERGY CONSERVATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
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Abstract

The invention discloses a multi-energy complementally driven dehumidification air-conditioning system which comprises a room internal partition wall, a room wall, a hollow fiber membrane, an indoor air return port, an indoor circulating fan, a wind driven generator, a storage battery, a solar thermal collector, a heat exchanger, an ultrasonic atomizer, an ultrasonic generator, a solution regenerator, an energy storage reservoir, a solution collection reservoir, a solution circulating pump, a liquid return pump and a plurality of valves. The solution regenerator is composed of an atomizing chamber, an air inlet, a solution baffle, a demister and an exhaust fan. The multi-energy complementally driven dehumidification air-conditioning system uses solar energy as the regeneration thermal source of a dehumidification solution, improves dehumidification solution regeneration efficiency by aid of the ultrasonic atomization effect, solves the problem of the solution dehumidification system that the air contains liquid by aid of the hollow fiber reverse osmosis membrane, is provided with electricity through wind power generation, and achieves diversification of system driving energy. The multi-energy complementally driven dehumidification air-conditioning system can meet architectural indoor dehumidification requirements in high-humidity seasons such as the spring and the summer, can supply heat to the buildings in summer, is especially suitable for being used in moist areas with cold winter and hot summer, and has remarkable social benefit and economic benefit.

Description

A kind of dehumidifier/air-conditioning system driven of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of dehumidifier/air-conditioning system, particularly relate to a kind of dehumidifier/air-conditioning system driven of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other, belong to Energy Conservation Project in Construction applied technical field.
Background technology
Solution dehumidification technology adopts the salting liquid (as LiCl, CaCl2, LiBr etc.) with dehumidification function to be working media, utilizes the moisture absorption of solution and moisture releasing characteristic to carry out regulating and control to air humidity.Steam partial pressure difference in salting liquid and air is that the two carries out the driven potential of moisture transmission, and when the surface vapor pressure of solution is lower than steam partial pressure in air, solution absorbs the moisture in air, and air is dehumidified; Otherwise the moisture in solution enters in air, and solution is concentrated regeneration, and air is by humidification.Compared with the solid dehumidifying modes such as runner, solution dehumidification technology has following advantage: 1). efficient energy-saving.Solution dehumidification process is easily cooled, thus realizes the dehumidification process of isothermal, and irreversible loss is reduced, and can reach higher thermodynamics integrity.2). flexible form.Because liquid has mobility, adopt the heat and mass equipment ratio of liquid dehumidifying to be easier to realize, geometrical construction is relatively simple, and is convenient to coordinate to arrange with construction wall.3). good energy storage characteristic is convenient to the dehumidifier/air-conditioning system stable operation of unstable regenerative resource and waste heat driven.Through finding the literature search of prior art, Chinese patent (application) number is CN200910185026.7, name is called a kind of heat pump driven solution dehumidifying air-conditioning device, and the solution dehumidifying air-conditioning device described in this invention comprises solution dehumidification assembly, air treatment system assembly, cooling assembly and heat pump components.Owing to utilizing heat pump heat extraction to regenerate solution, dehumidifying air-conditioning system efficiency improves, but dehumidification solution has severe corrosive to common metal (as iron, aluminium, copper), therefore heat pump condenser and solution directly contact the service life by greatly shortening system.Chinese patent (application) number is CN200820160676.7, name is called the solution dehumidification air-conditioner utilizing diaphragm type regenerator, disclose a kind of solution dehumidification air-conditioner utilizing diaphragm type regenerator, the regeneration of waste liquor of solution dehumidification air-conditioner adopts amberplex, new concentrated solution is mixed to form by after the negative ions separate collection in weak solution, the introducing of amberplex realizes dehumidification solution normal-temperature regeneration, avoid a large amount of energy losses that high temperature regeneration causes, but utilize amberplex to carry out dehumidification solution regeneration to need to consume electric energy, and there is very large potential safety hazard.Chinese patent (application) number is CN201010587750.5, name is called the multi-stage M-shaped air way liquid desiccant dehumidification air-conditioning system utilizing ultrasonic atomization technology, this system adopts multi-stage M-shaped air way liquid desiccant to replace dehumidifying filler, ultrasonic technology is utilized to be atomized salting liquid, pending humid air fully contacts with atomization salting liquid particle in dehumidification air conditioner case, carry out caloic exchange, than conventional filler formula dehumidifier/air-conditioning system, maximum advantage is that space utilization rate is large, SR is little, increase gas-liquid contact place area and gas-liquid reaction time simultaneously, improve solution dehumidification efficiency, but utilize ultrasonic atomization dehumidification solution to dehumidify to air, processed air with liquid problem can be increased, indoor air quality is worsened, not only affect indoor electric appliance equipment normally to run, also likely human body health is had a negative impact.
Summary of the invention
For overcoming deficiency and the defect of prior art, the present invention designs a kind of dehumidifier/air-conditioning system driven of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other, regeneration thermal source using solar energy as dehumidification solution, utilize ultrasonic atomization effect simultaneously, dehumidification liquid is atomized into micron order droplet, increase considerably the contact area between dehumidification liquid and regeneration air, effectively improve the efficiency of dehumidification liquid regeneration; The dehumidifier of system adopts doughnut reverse osmosis membrane, completely eliminates the corrosivity caused by processed air with liquid (solution molecule) and the potential hazard produced health; Utilize wind power generation to provide power supply for power-equipments all in dehumidifier/air-conditioning system, thus realize dehumidification system and do not need or lessly must consume artificial electric energy.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides a kind of a kind of dehumidifier/air-conditioning system driven of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other of dehumidifier/air-conditioning system driven of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other, comprise room internal partition wall (1), room body of wall (2), doughnut cortina (3), indoor return air mouth (4), indoor circulation blower fan (5), wind-driven generator (6), battery (7), solar thermal collector (8), heat exchanger (9), ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10), supersonic generator (11), solution regenerator (12), energy storage pool (18), collecting tank (19), solution circulation pump (20), return liquid pump (21),
Described room internal partition wall (1) and room body of wall (2) form air duct, built-in doughnut cortina (3), room internal partition wall (1) below has indoor return air mouth (4), and indoor circulation blower fan (5) is equipped with in room internal partition wall (1) top; The zone of heat liberation import and export of heat exchanger (9) is connected with import with the hot water outlet of solar thermal collector (8) respectively, and the cold fluid pass import of heat exchanger (9) export with liquid circulating pump (20) simultaneously and time liquid pump (21) exports and is connected.
Further, the described dehumidifier/air-conditioning system driven of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other, wherein, also comprise A valve (22), B valve (23), C valve (24), D valve (25), E valve (26), F valve (27);
Described solution circulation pump (20) and described time liquid pump (21) outlet conduit arrange E valve (26) and F valve (27) respectively; The cold fluid pass outlet of described heat exchanger (9) is connected with described ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10) inlet and described energy storage pool (18) inlet simultaneously, and in connecting pipe, arrange described B valve (23) and described C valve (24) respectively;
Described energy storage pool (18) inlet is also connected with the liquid outlet of described solution regenerator (12) bottom simultaneously, connecting pipe is arranged described A valve (22), described energy storage pool (18) liquid outlet is connected with the inlet of (20) import of described solution circulation pump and described doughnut cortina (3) simultaneously, and the input duct of described doughnut cortina (3) arranges described D valve (25).
Preferably, described solution regenerator (12) is by spray chamber (13), and air inlet (14), liquid barrier (15), demister (16) and exhaust blower (17) form.
The air inlet (14) of described solution regenerator (12) is positioned at bottom described spray chamber (13) chamber wall, described ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10) is positioned at described spray chamber (13) central authorities, its fog-spray nozzle is higher than described air inlet (14), by air-flow direction, described liquid barrier (15) is installed at the air outlet place of described solution regenerator (12) successively, demister (16) and exhaust blower (17).
Further, described collecting tank (19) inlet and liquid outlet are connected respectively by the liquid outlet of pipeline and described doughnut cortina (3) and the import of described time liquid pump (21); The electric output of described wind-driven generator (6) is connected with the electrical input of described battery (7).
Preferably, the frequency range that described ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10) is selected is 20-200kHz.
Further, described heat exchanger (9), solution regenerator (12), energy storage pool (18), liquid barrier (15), demister (16), collecting tank (19), solution circulation pump (20), time liquid pump (21), A valve (22), B valve (23), C valve (24), D valve (25), E valve (26) and F valve (27) and all connecting pipes all require to have good corrosion resistance to dehumidizer solution.
Preferably, described heat exchanger (9) also requires to have good heat exchange property.
Preferably, described A valve (22), B valve (23), C valve (24) and D valve (25) are stop valve, and E valve (26) and F valve (27) are check-valves.
Further, the electric output of described battery (7) is connected with described indoor circulation blower fan (5), exhaust blower (17), supersonic generator (11), solution circulation pump (20) and the electrical input that returns liquid pump (21) respectively, and described supersonic generator (11) electric output is connected with described ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10) electrical input.
A kind of dehumidifier/air-conditioning system driven of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other of the present invention utilizes solar energy heating to regenerate dehumidification solution, regenerative device of solution adopts ultrasonic atomization intensifying regenerating, under same regeneration temperature conditions, effectively can reduce the size of regenerative device of solution, improve dehumidification solution and recycle efficiency; Solution dehumidification device adopts doughnut reverse osmosis membrane, has thoroughly stopped the potential problems of processed air with liquid (solution molecule), as corrosivity, body effect etc.; Doughnut reverse osmosis membrane is arranged in Ventilating wall, adds the contact area between processed air and doughnut reverse osmosis membrane and time of contact, effectively improve doughnut reverse osmosis membrane dehumidification rate, also effectively make use of space simultaneously; Utilize wind power generation for all power electricity consuming apparatus in dehumidifier/air-conditioning system, comprise supersonic generator, blower and water pump.A kind of dehumidifier/air-conditioning system driven of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other of the present invention makes full use of regenerative resource, spring and summer high humidity can meet architecture indoor dehumidification requirements season, winter can be building heating, is particularly suitable for having a humid climate, area cold in winter and hot in summer, will produce significant Social benefit and economic benefit.
Be described further below with reference to the technique effect of accompanying drawing to design of the present invention, concrete structure and generation, to understand object of the present invention, characteristic sum effect fully.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of dehumidifier/air-conditioning system structural representation driven of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other of a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention includes room internal partition wall 1, room body of wall 2, doughnut cortina 3, indoor return air mouth 4, indoor circulation blower fan 5, wind-driven generator 6, battery 7, solar thermal collector 8, heat exchanger 9, ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory 10, supersonic generator 11, solution regenerator 12, energy storage pool 18, collecting tank 19, solution circulation pump 20, return liquid pump 21, A valve 22, B valve 23, C valve 24, D valve 25, E valve 26, F valve 27, wherein, solution regenerator 12 is by spray chamber 13, air inlet 14, liquid barrier 15, demister 16 and exhaust blower 17 form.
Room internal partition wall 1 and room body of wall 2 form air duct, and built-in doughnut cortina 3, has indoor return air mouth 4 below room internal partition wall 1, indoor circulation blower fan 5 is housed above room internal partition wall 1; The air inlet 14 of solution regenerator 12 is positioned at bottom spray chamber 13 chamber wall, ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory 10 is positioned at spray chamber 13 central authorities, its fog-spray nozzle, higher than air inlet 14, is provided with liquid barrier 15 at the air outlet place of solution regenerator 12 by air-flow direction successively, demister 16 and exhaust blower 17; The zone of heat liberation import and export of heat exchanger 9 is connected with import with the hot water outlet of solar thermal collector 8 respectively, the cold fluid pass import of heat exchanger 9 exports simultaneously and returns liquid pump 21 and export and be connected with liquid circulating pump 20, liquid circulating pump 20 with time liquid pump 21 outlet conduit arrange E valve 26 and F valve 27 respectively; The cold fluid pass outlet of heat exchanger 9 is connected with ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory 10 inlet and energy storage pool 18 inlet simultaneously, and in connecting pipe, arrange B valve 23 and C valve 24 respectively; Energy storage pool 18 inlet is also connected with the liquid outlet bottom solution regenerator 12 simultaneously, connecting pipe is arranged A valve 22, energy storage pool 18 liquid outlet is connected with the inlet of solution circulation pump 20 import and doughnut cortina 3 simultaneously, and the input duct of doughnut cortina 3 arranges D valve 25; Collecting tank 19 inlet and liquid outlet respectively by pipeline and doughnut cortina 3 liquid outlet and return liquid pump 21 import and be connected; The electric output of wind-driven generator 6 is connected with the electrical input of battery 7, the electric output of battery 7 is connected with the electrical input of indoor circulation blower fan 5, exhaust blower 17, supersonic generator 11, solution circulation pump 20 and time liquid pump 21 respectively, and the electric output of supersonic generator 11 is connected with ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory 10 electrical input.
The frequency range that ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory 10 is selected is 20-200kHz.Heat exchanger 9, solution regenerator 12, energy storage pool 18, liquid barrier 15, demister 16, collecting tank 19, solution circulation pump 20, time liquid pump 21, A valve 22, B valve 23, C valve 24, D valve 25, E valve 26 and F valve 27 and all connecting pipes all require to have good corrosion resistance to dehumidizer solution, and heat exchanger 9 also requires to have good heat exchange property simultaneously.A valve 22, B valve 23, C valve 24 and D valve 25 are stop valve, and E valve 26 and F valve 27 are check-valves.
Indoor humid air under the effect of indoor circulation blower fan 5 indoor return air inlet 4 enter wall body interlayer, after fully contacting with doughnut cortina 3 wherein, be back to indoor again.
In spring and summer high humidity season, A valve 22, B valve 23 and D valve 25 are all opened, C valve 24 is closed, indoor circulation blower fan 5, exhaust blower 17, supersonic generator 11, solution circulation pump 20 and time liquid pump 21 run simultaneously, the dehumidification solution that bottom energy storage pool 18, concentration is higher flows into doughnut cortina 3 under gravity, doughnut cortina 3 outer surface is made to have certain wet-out property, then collecting tank 19 is flowed into, dehumidification liquid in collecting tank 19 return liquid pump 21 effect under through stream heat exchanger 9, ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory 10 is delivered to after being heated, then under ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory 10 acts on, atomized drop is formed, regeneration air enters spray chamber 13 by air inlet 14 under the effect of exhaust blower 17, after fully contacting with dehumidification solution atomized drop, successively by liquid barrier 15 and demister 16, then outdoor is drained into, dehumidification solution atomized drop constantly sinks down under gravity bottom solution regenerator 12 and forms the higher dehumidification solution of concentration, then energy storage pool 18 is flowed into, energy storage pool 18 upper part dehumidification solution solution circulation pump 20 act under through stream heat exchanger 9, again regeneration is atomized by ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory 10, and the dehumidification solution that bottom energy storage pool 18, concentration is higher flows into doughnut cortina 3 under gravity, room air is dehumidified, circulation like this.
Cold season in the winter time, indoor do not need dehumidifying, now, C valve 24 and D valve 25 are all opened, A valve 22 and B valve 23 are closed, indoor circulation blower fan 5, solution circulation pump 20 and time liquid pump 21 run, exhaust blower 17 and supersonic generator 11 are closed, part dehumidification liquid in energy storage pool 18 is directly delivered to heat exchanger 9 and is recycled heating under the effect of solution circulation pump 20, remainder dehumidification liquid flows into doughnut cortina 3, collecting tank 19 is flow to after the air of indoor is heated, then deliver to after heat exchanger 9 heated by returning liquid pump 21, get back in energy storage pool 18 again, circulation like this.
More than describe preferred embodiment of the present invention in detail.Should be appreciated that the ordinary skill of this area just design according to the present invention can make many modifications and variations without the need to creative work.Therefore, all technical staff in the art, all should by the determined protection domain of claims under this invention's idea on the basis of existing technology by the available technical scheme of logical analysis, reasoning, or a limited experiment.

Claims (9)

1. the dehumidifier/air-conditioning system driven of providing multiple forms of energy to complement each other, it is characterized in that, comprise room internal partition wall (1), room body of wall (2), doughnut cortina (3), indoor return air mouth (4), indoor circulation blower fan (5), wind-driven generator (6), battery (7), solar thermal collector (8), heat exchanger (9), ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10), supersonic generator (11), solution regenerator (12), energy storage pool (18), collecting tank (19), solution circulation pump (20), returns liquid pump (21);
Described room internal partition wall (1) and room body of wall (2) form air duct, built-in described doughnut cortina (3), below, described room internal partition wall (1) has described indoor return air mouth (4), and described indoor circulation blower fan (5) is equipped with in top, described room internal partition wall (1); The zone of heat liberation import and export of described heat exchanger (9) is connected with import with the hot water outlet of described solar thermal collector (8) respectively, and the cold fluid pass import of described heat exchanger (9) exports with described solution circulation pump (20) simultaneously and described time liquid pump (21) exports and be connected;
Also comprise A valve (22), B valve (23), C valve (24), D valve (25), E valve (26), F valve (27);
Described solution circulation pump (20) and described time liquid pump (21) outlet conduit arrange E valve (26) and F valve (27) respectively; The cold fluid pass outlet of described heat exchanger (9) is connected with described ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10) inlet and described energy storage pool (18) inlet simultaneously, and in connecting pipe, arrange described B valve (23) and described C valve (24) respectively;
Described energy storage pool (18) inlet is also connected with the liquid outlet of described solution regenerator (12) bottom simultaneously, connecting pipe is arranged described A valve (22), described energy storage pool (18) liquid outlet is connected with the inlet of (20) import of described solution circulation pump and described doughnut cortina (3) simultaneously, and the input duct of described doughnut cortina (3) arranges described D valve (25).
2. provide multiple forms of energy to complement each other as claimed in claim 1 drive dehumidifier/air-conditioning system, wherein, described solution regenerator (12) is by spray chamber (13), air inlet (14), liquid barrier (15), demister (16) and exhaust blower (17) composition.
3. provide multiple forms of energy to complement each other as claimed in claim 2 drive dehumidifier/air-conditioning system, wherein, the air inlet (14) of described solution regenerator (12) is positioned at bottom described spray chamber (13) chamber wall, described ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10) is positioned at described spray chamber (13) central authorities, its fog-spray nozzle is higher than described air inlet (14), by air-flow direction, described liquid barrier (15) is installed at the air outlet place of described solution regenerator (12) successively, demister (16) and exhaust blower (17).
4. provide multiple forms of energy to complement each other as claimed in claim 1 drive dehumidifier/air-conditioning system, wherein, described collecting tank (19) inlet and liquid outlet are connected respectively by the liquid outlet of pipeline and described doughnut cortina (3) and the import of described time liquid pump (21); The electric output of described wind-driven generator (6) is connected with the electrical input of described battery (7).
5. provide multiple forms of energy to complement each other as claimed in claim 1 drive dehumidifier/air-conditioning system, wherein, the frequency range that described ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10) is selected is 20-200kHz.
6. provide multiple forms of energy to complement each other as claimed in claim 2 drive dehumidifier/air-conditioning system, wherein, described heat exchanger (9), solution regenerator (12), energy storage pool (18), liquid barrier (15), demister (16), collecting tank (19), solution circulation pump (20), time liquid pump (21), A valve (22), B valve (23), C valve (24), D valve (25), E valve (26) and F valve (27) and all connecting pipes all require to have good corrosion resistance to dehumidizer solution.
7. provide multiple forms of energy to complement each other as claimed in claim 1 drive dehumidifier/air-conditioning system, wherein, described heat exchanger (9) also requires to have good heat exchange property.
8. provide multiple forms of energy to complement each other as claimed in claim 1 drive dehumidifier/air-conditioning system, wherein, described A valve (22), B valve (23), C valve (24) and D valve (25) are stop valve, and E valve (26) and F valve (27) are check-valves.
9. provide multiple forms of energy to complement each other as claimed in claim 2 drive dehumidifier/air-conditioning system, wherein, the electric output of described battery (7) is connected with described indoor circulation blower fan (5), exhaust blower (17), supersonic generator (11), solution circulation pump (20) and the electrical input that returns liquid pump (21) respectively, and described supersonic generator (11) electric output is connected with described ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory (10) electrical input.
CN201310011756.1A 2013-01-11 2013-01-11 Multi-energy complementally driven dehumidification air-conditioning system Expired - Fee Related CN103047724B (en)

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CN104006467B (en) * 2013-07-12 2017-08-29 昆山开思拓节能技术有限公司 The embedded dehumidifying heat exchange Multifunctional indoor environment adjustable plate of hollow-fibre membrane
CN104423404A (en) * 2013-09-03 2015-03-18 国家电网公司 Intelligent dehumidification system of electrical equipment
CN103743010B (en) * 2013-12-18 2016-08-17 西安工程大学 Wind power generation is air conditioning unit with what evaporation cooling combined
CN103920374B (en) * 2014-04-21 2016-03-16 东南大学 A kind of compressed air solution drying and residual heat regenerating device and method
CN109579199A (en) * 2019-01-22 2019-04-05 上海交通大学 A kind of heat pump driven semipermeable membrane dehumidifying ultrasonic atomizatio regeneration solution air-conditioning system

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