CN102967013A - Radiation heating and cooling integrated air conditioner in quick effect and changeable load - Google Patents

Radiation heating and cooling integrated air conditioner in quick effect and changeable load Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102967013A
CN102967013A CN2012104000529A CN201210400052A CN102967013A CN 102967013 A CN102967013 A CN 102967013A CN 2012104000529 A CN2012104000529 A CN 2012104000529A CN 201210400052 A CN201210400052 A CN 201210400052A CN 102967013 A CN102967013 A CN 102967013A
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indoor set
water
air conditioner
temperature
radiation
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CN2012104000529A
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不公告发明人
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Abstract

The invention discloses a radiation heating and cooling integrated air conditioner in quick effect and changeable load. Load can be independently borne by an indoor machine or can be commonly borne by the indoor machine and a capillary tube, and the indoor temperature is regulated by mainly using the heat transmission modes of radiation and natural convection. A surface air cooler with larger surface area is provided when the load is independently borne by the indoor machine; and in the mode of commonly bearing the load, the indoor machine and the capillary tube are positioned in different return water supply loops, the water supply temperature of the indoor machine is different from that of the capillary tube, the temperature of water supplied to the indoor machine needs to be lower than that of water supplied to the capillary tube during the refrigerating in summer, and the temperature of water supplied to the indoor machine needs to be higher than that of water supplied to the capillary tube during the heating in winter. According to the radiation heating and cooling integrated air conditioner in quick effect and changeable load disclosed by the invention, the characteristics of quiet system, high heat comfort degree, energy saving, invisibility, attractive performance and the like of a traditional radiation air conditioner are reserved, the effect is rapid, the load can be adjusted, the indoor environment in higher standard can be built, and the radiation heating and cooling integrated air conditioner has larger developing space in high-grade buildings.

Description

Quick acting and the variable radiation air-conditioning integral air conditioner of load
Technical field
The present invention relates to the heating and air-conditioning technology, specifically refer to a kind of aircondition that mainly has heating and refrigerating function by radiant heat transfer and free convection heat transfer.
Background technology
Raising along with living standard, people are also more and more higher to the requirement of architecture indoor comfortableness, the level of comfort of indoor environment is subjected to again about several factors institute, such as subjective feeling of the Physiological factors such as indoor thermal environment, acoustic environment, luminous environment and air quality and Different Individual etc., in the comfort that affects in varying degrees people.The capillary radiation air-conditioning technical was born in Germany the end of the eighties in last century, through after the years development, and the existing more application to engineering practice of the developed countries such as European and American areas and Japan and Korea S and system research.This novel air conditioning system is with its good thermal comfort, without room noise impact, energy-efficient, life cycle long, safeguard less, safety and sanitation, the characteristics such as stealthy attractive in appearance and strong point are subject to the consumer favor.China has also begun the research work of capillary radiation air-conditioning system in the nineties in 20th century, enter 21 century after, capillary radiation air-conditioning system begins to be applied and to promote in some Practical Projects.
But when capillary radiation air-conditioning system uses, unlike residential quarter central air conditioning 24h cold and hot water source without interruption is arranged in single isolated house.For the consideration that reduces energy consumption, people just open after going home and shutdown system during nobody home usually, this will bring the indoor long problem of comfort temperature time spent that reaches, consuming time generally more than 2h at Heating Season, usually also surpass 1.5h when freeze summer, will greatly reduce user's comfortable satisfaction.In addition, capillary radiation air-conditioning system is less because of its load capacity, and the larger thermal inertia of capillary radiation face, is difficult to timely adjustment for the quick change of heating load, and its comfortableness will be had a greatly reduced quality when having the multidigit guest to visit.Above-mentioned effects limit further applying of capillary radiation air-conditioning system.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the relatively-stationary deficiency that can not take effect fast and load when existing capillary radiation air-conditioning system intermittently uses, provide a kind of system simple, high-comfort, can quick acting and load radiation air-conditioning integral air conditioner device variable.
The present invention is mainly by Cooling and Heat Source, water collecting and diversifying device, water pump, valve, indoor set, indoor set forms for return pipe, it is characterized in that: the air conditioner load of building is during by indoor set and capillary radiation face shared, the capillary radiation face can be arranged at the flooring, metope, in ceiling or the furred ceiling, indoor set and capillary link to each other with separately water collecting and diversifying device, and the supply water temperature of indoor set is different from supply water temperature capillaceous, the water temperature of supplying with indoor set when freeze summer will be lower than supplies with water temperature capillaceous, and the water temperature of supplying with indoor set during winter heating will be higher than supplies with water temperature capillaceous; When the air conditioner load of building is born by indoor set, its indoor set has the surface cooler of large surface area, do not opening under the fan condition, mainly the heat transfer form by radiation and free convection can be adjusted to indoor temperature between 22 to 28 ℃ in summer, can be adjusted to room temperature between 16 to 24 ℃ winter, opening under the blower fan situation, can adapt to by the control air force variation of room conditioning load.
The present invention takes indoor set to bear separately the technical scheme of air conditioner load, compare with the capillary radiation air-conditioning and to have saved capillary radiation face and associated components, although the air-conditioning system that consists of has faint gap at uniformity of temperature profile degree and thermal comfort degree, but compare with the conventional central air-conditioning that adopts fan coil, the peace and quiet of capillary radiation air-conditioning, less, the calm sense of the temperature difference, the advantage such as stealthy attractive in appearance in the situation of closing the indoor set blower fan, have still been kept, reduce largely cost simultaneously, reduced installation difficulty and quantities, have the realistic price of enforcement.
Take the technical scheme of indoor set and capillary radiation face shared load, the present invention compares with existing capillary radiation air-conditioning system technical scheme, although increased this device of indoor set, the water route consists of also complicated, but because the blower fan of indoor set also possesses larger heat-exchange capacity when shutting down, its vent flow size can be regulated when blower fan is opened, the heat exchange power of the larger indoor set of air quantity is also larger, therefore indoor set has larger load adjustment scope, and the indoor set of variable load just can adapt to larger air conditioner load change with the system that the capillary radiation face of bearing relative firm demand combines.The water temperature water temperature lower, winter of indoor set is higher because flow through summer, the surface cooler of indoor set is compared the former and room air with the capillary radiation face the temperature difference is larger, its heat exchange efficiency is also higher, and the indoor set of very few number can obtain the heat transfer effect identical with large tracts of land capillary radiation face.The present invention needs the capillary radiation face on ground and indoor set cooperation can satisfy room load lower of most conditions, just can realize that the indoor temperature quick adjustment is to the purpose of setting value, the minority room is subjected to condition restriction or is that the more uniform indoor temperature distribution of acquisition, higher comfortableness can be laid capillary at local body of wall or ceiling, this is so that the wet trade workload that whole capillary is mated formation greatly reduces, and the installation of air-conditioning system indoor engineering is simple and fast more.The minimizing of body of wall ceiling place capillary radiation face quantity is conducive to avoid the behaviors such as mounted lamp, suspension calligraphy and painting to Latent destruction capillaceous, also so that indoor decoration is more free.
Capillary radiation face of the present invention refers to be equipped with molded surface capillaceous in the building maintenance structures such as flooring, body of wall, furred ceiling or ceiling, integrated capillary radiation face mainly is comprised of capillary, binder course, crack-resistant layer, screed-coat and surface layer, and assembly type capillary radiation face mainly is comprised of capillary, metal ceiling, condensed water water collector and condensate pipe.
For reducing energy consumption and pursuing higher indoor environmental quality, the present invention can replenish VMC and heat reclamation device, and by in indoor set, installing dust arrester, toxic and harmful adsorbent equipment, damping device etc. additional, both kept outside the characteristics such as traditional air-conditioning system is quiet, the thermal comfort degree is high, energy-conservation, stealthy attractive in appearance, have again onset rapidly, load capable of regulating, with fresh air, the beneficial effects such as humidity suits, dust cleaning and sterilizing, safety and sanitation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that system of the present invention consists of schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is in groups schematic diagram in parallel of indoor set of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the system schematic that the present invention adopts auxiliary hot charging to put.
Fig. 4 is the system schematic that capillary radiation face of the present invention is connected with auxiliary Cooling and Heat Source.
Among the figure: Cooling and Heat Source 1, main supply return pipe 2, indoor set water collecting and diversifying device 3, indoor set is for return pipe 4, indoor set 5, water temperature regulation device 6, capillary water collecting and diversifying device 7, capillary is for return pipe 8, capillary 9, water pump 10, valve 11, air bleeding valve 12, swelling water tank 13, water pressure gauge 14, water-thermometer 15, filling pipe 16, tapping pipe 17, auxiliary cooling and heating device 18, low-grade Cooling and Heat Source 19.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiments of the present invention are described further:
As shown in Figure 1, Cooling and Heat Source 1 can be the hot and cold water that the units such as air source heat pump, Di Yuan/water resource heat pump produce, or the cold and hot water source of natural cold and heat water source or other form, water pump or other distribution pump 10 by the unit autogamy circulate cold water or hot water in main supply return pipe 2 and pipe-line system, the current in the main supply return pipe 2 will have two flow directions.One flows to indoor set 5, the indoor set water collecting and diversifying device 3 that passes through and supply return pipe 2 directly to link to each other first, and hot and cold water is delivered in each indoor set 5 for return pipe 4 through indoor set, indoor set 5 utilizes recirculated water that indoor cold and hot energy is taken away by heat radiation, free convection or forced convertion mode and indoor generation heat exchange.Another flow direction is the capillary radiation face, summer first through water temperature regulation device 6 with water temperature improve, reduce water temperature hot and cold water to be delivered to for return pipe 8 by capillary water collecting and diversifying device 7 and capillary respectively organize in the capillary 9 winter, by conduction, radiation and free convection mode and indoor generation heat exchange, utilize recirculated water that indoor cold and hot energy is taken away.Therefore the present invention regulates indoor temperature jointly by indoor set 5 and two kinds of devices of capillary radiation face, and the principal mode of heat transmission is radiation, conduction and free convection.The indoor set 5 of flowing through is different with the water temperature of capillary 9, winter is higher in that summer is lower for the water temperature of indoor set 5 of flowing through, usually supply with the water temperature of indoor set 5 summer about 5-18 ℃, supply with the water temperature of indoor set 5 winter about 50-80 ℃, this is conducive to realize that indoor set 5 carries out cold and hot exchange with higher energy density, thereby the realization temperature adjustment is rapid and the purpose of system's quick acting.
Indoor set 5 mainly is comprised of parts such as casing, surface cooler, blower fan, controller and condense water disks, and indoor set 5 can be taked being inserted in wall or direct bright being loaded on the body of wall, and the surface cooler area in the indoor set 5 is large and thin, does not take up space and effect attractive in appearance to obtain.The air force of indoor set 5 inner blowers can be regulated, when just startup of system or personnel are more, blower fan can transfer to the Wind Volume state, to accelerate temperature adjustment and to increase air conditioner load, air quantity can be turned down when the people was few, can close blower fan when needing peace and quiet, and the interior current of surface cooler this moment are still capable of circulation, indoor cold and hot energy can be taken away, with the purpose that realizes that cooling and heating load can be adjusted in a big way.
In order to reduce energy consumption and further to improve indoor air quality and environmental quality, the present invention can arrange VMC or heat reclamation device, and in indoor set 5, install elementary filter screen, electrostatic precipitator, charcoal absorption net or humidifier etc. additional, reduce the unfavorable factor impacts healthy on people such as particle, toxic and harmful, flue gas and dry air.
In Fig. 2, indoor set 5 can a plurality ofly be arranged in parallel in groups, links to each other with indoor set water collecting and diversifying device 3 for return pipes 4 through one group or two groups of indoor sets, to reach the purpose of shortening pipeline again.In like manner, capillary 9 also can be arranged in parallel in groups, links to each other with capillary water collecting and diversifying device 7 again.
In Fig. 3, if when the water flow temperature that Cooling and Heat Source 1 provides is not enough to give full play to indoor set efficient, can such as gas heating stove, electric auxiliary heater or small-sized cooling-water machine water temperature be raise or reduction by auxiliary cooling and heating device 18.When the water flow temperature that provides such as Cooling and Heat Source 1 is consistent with capillary 9 required water flow temperatures, can save water temperature regulation device 6, capillary water collecting and diversifying device 7 directly links to each other with main supply return pipe 2.
If have natural cold and hot water source or other low-grade cold and hot water source 19 can support when utilizing, such as Fig. 4 low-grade cold and hot water source 19 is directly linked to each other with capillary 9 with capillary water collecting and diversifying device 7, can significantly reduce energy consumption.
At Fig. 1 to the system schematic shown in Figure 4, as capillary radiation face and associated components are saved, the air conditioner load of building is namely born separately by indoor set fully, as long as indoor set is layouted evenly, internal table cooler surface area is larger, also indoor temperature can be adjusted to preference temperature in summer.
The dewfall phenomenon appears in the capillary radiation face when avoiding freeze summer, the present invention can take the comprehensive way that dehumidifies of one or more modes such as fresh air dehumidification, dehumidification by condensation, solution or solid dehumidifying, the dehumidifying of passive modulation wet stock, dehumidifier that the humidity of room air is controlled at below the 95%RH, because humidity Control and prevention dewfall is not the main problems to discuss of the present invention, no longer carefully states at this.

Claims (9)

1. a quick acting and the variable radiation air-conditioning integral air conditioner device of load, mainly by Cooling and Heat Source, water collecting and diversifying device, water pump, valve, indoor set, indoor set forms for return pipe, it is characterized in that: the air conditioner load of building is during by indoor set and capillary radiation face shared, the capillary radiation face can be arranged at the flooring, metope, in ceiling or the furred ceiling, indoor set and capillary link to each other with separately water collecting and diversifying device, and the supply water temperature of indoor set is different from supply water temperature capillaceous, the water temperature of supplying with indoor set when freeze summer will be lower than supplies with water temperature capillaceous, and the water temperature of supplying with indoor set during winter heating will be higher than supplies with water temperature capillaceous.
2. radiation air-conditioning integral air conditioner device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: when the air conditioner load of building is born by indoor set, its indoor set has the surface cooler of large surface area, do not opening under the fan condition, mainly the heat transfer form by radiation and free convection can be adjusted to indoor temperature between 22 to 28 ℃ in summer, room temperature can be adjusted to winter between 16 to 24 ℃, open under the blower fan situation, can adapt to by the control air force variation of room conditioning load.
3. radiation air-conditioning integral air conditioner device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: when adopting single Cooling and Heat Source, water temperature is raise or reduction by water temperature regulation device, for capillary provides temperature suitable refrigeration or heating water source.
4. radiation air-conditioning integral air conditioner device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: when two or more Cooling and Heat Source were arranged, the low-temperature receiver that capillary summer and temperature are higher linked to each other and the lower thermal source of winter and water temperature links to each other.
5. radiation air-conditioning integral air conditioner device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the supply water temperature of Cooling and Heat Source and capillary are required when adapting, capillary can directly link to each other with Cooling and Heat Source by water collecting and diversifying device or for return pipe, and the water supply of giving indoor set is put cooling through auxiliary cold/hot charging or heat up after, supply with the lower water of indoor set water temperature summer, supply with the water of higher temperature winter.
6. radiation air-conditioning integral air conditioner device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: supply with the water temperature of indoor set summer about 5-18 ℃, supply with the water temperature of indoor set winter about 50-80 ℃.
7. radiation air-conditioning integral air conditioner device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: indoor set is comprised of casing, surface cooler, blower fan, controller and condense water disk etc., and the air force of blower fan can be regulated.
8. indoor set according to claim 7 is characterized in that: when the blower fan of indoor set was in closed condition, current were still capable of circulation in the surface cooler, in the mode of radiation or free convection and indoorly carry out heat exchange.
9. indoor set according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: indoor set is equipped with one or several devices in elementary filter screen, electrostatic precipitator, active carbon filter net, the humidifier.
CN2012104000529A 2012-10-20 2012-10-20 Radiation heating and cooling integrated air conditioner in quick effect and changeable load Pending CN102967013A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103225850A (en) * 2013-05-16 2013-07-31 王全龄 Muted air conditioning system
CN103438533A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-11 河南科技大学 Earth-cooled room temperature adjusting method
CN103438532A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-11 河南科技大学 Indoor temperature regulator
CN104197417A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-10 上海朗思人居建筑科技服务有限公司 Household type science and technology system and control method thereof
CN104964357A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-10-07 上海意利法暖通科技有限公司 Bidirectional capillary tube system heat exchange and water distribution device
CN105387541A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-03-09 上海清清家科技有限公司 Household science and technology system and control method thereof
CN108562032A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-09-21 合肥通用机械研究院 A kind of radiate unifies end with convection
CN110068077A (en) * 2019-05-16 2019-07-30 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Air-conditioning system and its control method

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CN101140090A (en) * 2007-10-16 2008-03-12 赵明桥 Door type water intermediary cooling and warming air conditioner device
CN101303147A (en) * 2008-07-10 2008-11-12 何森 Air conditioner system capable of simultaneously using low temperature radiation and fan coiler
JP2009115379A (en) * 2007-11-06 2009-05-28 Sasakura Engineering Co Ltd Water refrigerant refrigerating device and heating/cooling system comprising the same
CN101793449A (en) * 2010-03-23 2010-08-04 广东美的电器股份有限公司 Multi-heat-source heat pump system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004278814A (en) * 2003-03-12 2004-10-07 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Freezing device and its controlling method
CN101140090A (en) * 2007-10-16 2008-03-12 赵明桥 Door type water intermediary cooling and warming air conditioner device
JP2009115379A (en) * 2007-11-06 2009-05-28 Sasakura Engineering Co Ltd Water refrigerant refrigerating device and heating/cooling system comprising the same
CN101303147A (en) * 2008-07-10 2008-11-12 何森 Air conditioner system capable of simultaneously using low temperature radiation and fan coiler
CN101793449A (en) * 2010-03-23 2010-08-04 广东美的电器股份有限公司 Multi-heat-source heat pump system

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103225850B (en) * 2013-05-16 2016-08-03 王全龄 A kind of silent air-conditioning system
CN103225850A (en) * 2013-05-16 2013-07-31 王全龄 Muted air conditioning system
CN103438533A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-11 河南科技大学 Earth-cooled room temperature adjusting method
CN103438532A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-11 河南科技大学 Indoor temperature regulator
CN103438533B (en) * 2013-09-18 2017-01-11 河南科技大学 Earth-cooled room temperature adjusting method
CN103438532B (en) * 2013-09-18 2017-01-11 河南科技大学 Indoor temperature regulator
CN104197417A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-10 上海朗思人居建筑科技服务有限公司 Household type science and technology system and control method thereof
CN104197417B (en) * 2014-09-05 2017-02-08 上海朗绿建筑科技股份有限公司 Household type science and technology system and control method thereof
CN104964357A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-10-07 上海意利法暖通科技有限公司 Bidirectional capillary tube system heat exchange and water distribution device
CN105387541A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-03-09 上海清清家科技有限公司 Household science and technology system and control method thereof
CN105387541B (en) * 2015-11-06 2019-01-08 上海清清家科技有限公司 Family formula science technology system and its control method
CN108562032A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-09-21 合肥通用机械研究院 A kind of radiate unifies end with convection
CN110068077A (en) * 2019-05-16 2019-07-30 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Air-conditioning system and its control method

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