CN102922625A - Process and device for crushing waste tire into rubber particles - Google Patents

Process and device for crushing waste tire into rubber particles Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102922625A
CN102922625A CN2012104613458A CN201210461345A CN102922625A CN 102922625 A CN102922625 A CN 102922625A CN 2012104613458 A CN2012104613458 A CN 2012104613458A CN 201210461345 A CN201210461345 A CN 201210461345A CN 102922625 A CN102922625 A CN 102922625A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tire
pulverization roller
micelle
tensioning
ground
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2012104613458A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵中华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
DONGGUAN YUNTONG ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
Original Assignee
DONGGUAN YUNTONG ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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Publication date
Application filed by DONGGUAN YUNTONG ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY CO LTD filed Critical DONGGUAN YUNTONG ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
Priority to CN2012104613458A priority Critical patent/CN102922625A/en
Publication of CN102922625A publication Critical patent/CN102922625A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/52Mechanical processing of waste for the recovery of materials, e.g. crushing, shredding, separation or disassembly
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

Abstract

The invention relates to a process and a device for directly crushing a waste tire into rubber particles and rubber powder and belongs to the technical field of waste tire treatment. The invention is realized by the following technical scheme: A) tire crusher crushing, belt outputting and feeding, vibrating sieve screening (magnetic separation), vibrating sieve screening again, and rubber particle and rubber powder obtaining; and B) remaining ring obtaining after the tire is crushed by the tire crusher, ring rolling machine ring rolling, and complete steel wire, rubber particle and rubber powder obtaining. Compared with the prior art, the process and the device have the advantages of simple and practical process, high safety, low energy consumption, high production efficiency, low equipment manufacturing and maintenance costs and the like.

Description

Junked tire is ground into technique and the device of micelle
Technical field
The invention belongs to the junked tire processing technology field, specifically relate to a kind of technique and device that junked tire is ground into micelle.
Background technology
Along with the progress of society, the development in city, oneself becomes the requisite instrument of modern society communications and transportation.The thing followed is the generation of a large amount of junked tire, and its hard degradation, seriously polluted brings huge environmental threat and pollution for the human earth.Thus the regeneration of junked tire is also become the industry problem of current industry joint research.Not only reduced energy consumption, but also enhanced productivity, reduce and make and maintenance cost is the common target of pursuing of economic society, by effort for many years, the junked tire processing technology field has been developed diversified treatment technology and related process, and these technology and technique all have the characteristics of oneself.Yet at the process aspect that decomposing waste tire is become blob of viscose and micelle, everybody faces a same problem, that be exactly the device structure complexity, bulky, energy consumption is high, manufacturing and maintenance cost high.
Become blob of viscose to be ground into micelle decomposing waste tire, the most frequently used technique has four kinds in the industry: the first is that tire is cut circle, tire cutting, broken, the blob of viscose disintegrating process of tire; The second is that tire is cut circle, broken, the blob of viscose disintegrating process of tire; The third is steel ring severing, tire wire drawing, broken, the blob of viscose disintegrating process of tire; The 4th kind is that tire is cut the repeatedly technique of fragmentation of circle, tire slitting, stripping and slicing, rubber breaker.Wherein three kinds of techniques have all adopted tyre crusher, blob of viscose to pulverize, structure is complicated, energy consumption is high, manufacturing cost is expensive and tyre crusher and blob of viscose are pulverized, especially its core part-crushing cutter and crushing knife tool adopt expensive Integral alloy or wearable hard alloy built-up welding, wearing and tearing are than very fast in the course of the work, life-span is shorter, so after work a period of time, must change or the repairing cutter, so not only affect production efficiency, and significantly increased maintenance cost.Therefore, again develop a kind of technique with decomposing waste tire, and effectively reduce energy consumption, enhance productivity, reduce and make and maintenance cost, become the bottleneck problem that needs to be resolved hurrily in the industry.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of technique and device that junked tire directly is ground into micelle and rubber powder is provided.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A ﹚: tire pulverizer pulverizing → belt output feeding → vibratory sieve sieve minute ﹙ magnetic selects ﹚ → vibratory sieve to sieve → rubber grain and rubber powder again.
B ﹚: the residue after the tire pulverizer is pulverized is enclosed → is rubbed with the hands the circle machine and rubs circle → complete steel wire and block rubber, rubber powder with the hands.
The present invention compared with prior art, advantage is:
1. features simple and practical process of the present invention is safe, and energy consumption is low, only needs decomposing waste tire to be become the blob of viscose of micelle, rubber powder and minute quantity by two steps.
2. to pulverize acc power only be 14.55kW for tire of the present invention, and four kinds of the most frequently used technique power are respectively in the industry: tire is cut circle, tire cutting stripping and slicing, tire fragmentation, blob of viscose disintegrating process and is about 113kW; Tire cuts that circle, tire are broken, the blob of viscose disintegrating process is 160kW; Steel ring severing, tire wire drawing, tire fragmentation, blob of viscose disintegrating process are 171kW; Tire is cut the repeatedly technique 108.5Kw of fragmentation of circle, tire slitting, stripping and slicing, rubber breaker.This shows that energy consumption of the present invention has obtained the reduction of essence, energy-conservation increasing substantially.
3. the output of micelle of the present invention and rubber powder and unit power consumption are respectively 300kg/h and 20.6kg/kW.And the most frequently used four kinds of process yields and unit power consumption are respectively in the industry: it is 800kg/h and 7.07kg/kW that tire is cut circle, tire cutting stripping and slicing, tire fragmentation, blob of viscose disintegrating process; Tire cuts that circle, tire are broken, the blob of viscose disintegrating process is about 900kg/h and 5.63kg/kW; Steel ring severing, tire wire drawing, tire fragmentation, blob of viscose disintegrating process are about 900kg/h and 5.26kg/kW; Tire cut circle, tire slitting, stripping and slicing, rubber breaker repeatedly broken technique be about 400Kg/h and 3.7kg/kW and this shows, under the unit power consumption, production capacity of the present invention, be far superior to four kinds of the most frequently used techniques in the industry.
4. particle and the rubber powder of institute of the present invention output are regulated between 0.30-8.0mm, and above-mentioned four kinds of production technology particles are 6-12.0mm.
5. mill structure of the present invention is simple, and its total manufacturing cost only is 2/5ths of tyre crusher manufacturing cost, and the maintenance cost only is 1/20th of tyre crusher, and the output power dissipation ratio is 3.8 times of traditional handicraft mean value.
Description of drawings:
Accompanying drawing 1 is process chart of the present invention
Accompanying drawing 2 is tire pulverizer structural representation of the present invention.
Accompanying drawing 3 is tire pulverizer working state schematic representation of the present invention
Accompanying drawing 4 is tire pulverizer strainer structure chart of the present invention
Accompanying drawing 5 is tire pulverizer pulverization roller cutter mounting structure figure of the present invention
Accompanying drawing 6 is the dolioform structure chart of tire pulverizer pulverization roller roll body of the present invention
Accompanying drawing 7 is tire pulverizer dentation cutter outline drawing of the present invention
Accompanying drawing 8 is rubbed circle machine duty front view with the hands for the present invention
Accompanying drawing 9 is rubbed circle machine duty top view with the hands for the present invention
The specific embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, of the present invention decomposing waste tire is become the technique of micelle and rubber powder mainly to comprise pulverizing, rubs two steps of circle with the hands.
A ﹚: tire pulverizer pulverizing → belt output feeding → vibratory sieve sieve minute ﹙ magnetic selects ﹚ → vibratory sieve to sieve → rubber grain and rubber powder again.
B ﹚: the residue after the tire pulverizer is pulverized is enclosed → is rubbed with the hands the circle machine and rubs circle → complete steel wire and block rubber, rubber powder with the hands.
Shown in accompanying drawing 2~7, tire is pulverized the owner and will be comprised of body 1, pulverization roller parts 2, screw mandrel 3, guide pillar 4, tensioning transmission mechanism 5 and strainer 6 etc.Two leads 5 are fixed on the body 1 abreast, and screw mandrel 3 and two leads 5 are parallel and be installed in rotation on the body 1.The pulverization roller parts 2 that are arranged on body 1 slide on two leads 5 by the fairlead 24 of solid bottom, and pulverization roller parts 2 bottoms are threaded with screw mandrel 3.Opposite side at body 1 is provided with tensioning transmission mechanism 5, and the output of tensioning transmission mechanism 5 is connected with strainer 6.
The pulverization roller parts 2 of chatting are comprised of pulverization roller 21, tool rest 22, crushing knife tool 23, are connected with tool rest 22 on the pulverization roller 21, and crushing knife tool 23 is installed on the tool rest 22.
The crushing knife tool 23 of chatting is dentation, and the crushing knife tool profile is the dentation quadrangle.
The pulverization roller 21 of chatting is two head heights, middle low arc.
The tensioning transmission mechanism 5 of chatting includes transmission cylinder 51, shaft coupling 52, tyre rotation bearing block 53 compositions, and it sequentially is formed by connecting.
The strainer 6 of chatting is by former 61, lengthened plate 62, guide plate 63, T groove tapered sleeve 64, tensioning plate 65, tension link 66 and main shaft 67 form, main shaft 67 is connected with tensioning transmission mechanism 5, tension link 66 1 ends and main shaft 67 are connected, the other end is connected with the T groove tapered sleeve 64 that is fixed thereon, be arranged with the inclined-plane tensioning plate 65 that matches with it in the T groove of T groove tapered sleeve 64, the both sides of inclined-plane tensioning plate 65 are fixed on the guide plate 63 that body 1 has gathering sill and control, and tensioning plate 65 sequentially is connected with lengthened plate 62 and former 61.
Shown in accompanying drawing 8~9, rubbing the circle owner with the hands will be comprised of body 8 and rub wheel 9, the rub wheel 9 of chatting by driven rub wheel 91 and initiatively rub wheel 92 form, the two ends of gyroaxis that are the driven rub wheel 91 of fork shape are separately fixed on gyroaxis 83 and the hydraulic cylinder 84.
During work, junked tire 7 is hung on the former 61 of strainer 6, start the transmission cylinder 51 of tensioning transmission mechanism 5, transmission cylinder 51 sequentially spurs the tension link 66 of strainer 6, so that the fixing T groove tapered sleeve 64 of one end shrinks, the inclined-plane tensioning plate 65 that matches with it in the T groove of T groove tapered sleeve 64 outwards promotes, and guide plate 63 restriction tensioning plates 65 are made straight path and outwards opened former 61 tensioning tire wheel hubs 7.
Start the power unit of screw mandrel 3 one ends and the power unit of pulverization roller parts 2, pulverization roller 21 rotates and moves towards the direction of junked tire 7, and two leads 4 limit fairleads 24 and make the axis straight path and move back and forth; At this moment, junked tire 7 also under the effect of power unit, is done equidirectional rotation with pulverization roller 21, and when pulverization roller 21 moved to junked tire 7, crushing knife tool 23 cutting junked tires 7 were until be cut near till former 61 places.The thing of cutting is exported by conveyer belt.
Because crushing knife tool 23 is the dentation quadrangle, if blade is unhappy on one side, then only need crushing knife tool 23 half-twist on tool rest 22 is got final product.
Because the pulverization roller 21 of chatting is two head heights, middle low arc, can put forward most possibly the efficient of still cutting junked tire at cutting junked tire 7.
During counter clockwise rotation, pulverization roller 21 straight paths withdraw from finishes crushed work to screw mandrel 3 under power unit drives.
When the tire pulverizer with junked tire several the pulverizing to the greatest extent near till former 61 places time, junked tire is the remaining wheel hub ring 10 that fills up steel wire only, at this moment, the operator takes off wheel hub ring 10 from the tire pulverizer, with its cramping in the driven rub wheel 91 of the rub wheel 9 of rubbing the circle machine with the hands and initiatively between the rub wheel 92, initiatively rub wheel 92 is rotated, and hydraulic cylinder 84 shrinks, the gyroaxis wraparound rotating shaft 83 that is the driven rub wheel 91 of fork shape is rotated, its cramping is clamped at the wheel hub ring 10 of the rub wheel 9 of rubbing the circle machine with the hands, and drive driven rub wheel 91 by active rub wheel 92, with the steel wire on the wheel hub ring 10 and blob of viscose is separated rubs.
As a further improvement on the present invention, described granular size is to regulate by the speed of travel of pulverizer, and its adjustable range is 0 ~ 12mm;
In the bolting process, for the block rubber that will pulverize separates with the steel wire bits, but its magnetic separation mechanism Bian sorting unit of the applicant authorized 201120161231.2.

Claims (9)

1. junked tire is ground into technique and the device of micelle and rubber powder, it is characterized in that: comprise the steps:
(A ﹚: tire pulverizer pulverizing → belt output feeding → vibratory sieve sieve minute ﹙ magnetic selects ﹚ → vibratory sieve to sieve → rubber grain and rubber powder again;
B ﹚: the residue after the tire pulverizer is pulverized is enclosed → is rubbed with the hands the circle machine and rubs circle → complete steel wire and block rubber, rubber powder with the hands.
2. junked tire is ground into the tire pulverizer of micelle and rubber powder, is mainly formed by body, pulverization roller parts, screw mandrel, guide pillar, tensioning transmission mechanism and strainer etc., it is characterized in that; Two leads are fixed on the body abreast, screw mandrel is parallel with two leads and be installed in rotation on the body, the pulverization roller parts that are arranged on body slide on two leads by the fairlead of solid bottom, and the pulverization roller feature bottom is connected with wire rod thread, opposite side at body is provided with the tensioning transmission mechanism, and the output of tensioning transmission mechanism is connected with strainer.
3. that chats according to claim 2 a kind ofly directly is ground into the equipment of micelle with junked tire, it is characterized in that; The pulverization roller parts of chatting are comprised of pulverization roller, tool rest, crushing knife tool, are connected with tool rest on the pulverization roller, and crushing knife tool is installed on the tool rest.
4. chat according to claim 3 the pulverization roller parts, it is characterized in that; The crushing knife tool of chatting is dentation, and the crushing knife tool profile is the dentation quadrangle.
5. chat according to claim 2 the pulverization roller parts, it is characterized in that; The pulverization roller of chatting is two head heights, middle low arc.
6. that chats according to claim 2 a kind ofly directly is ground into the equipment of micelle with junked tire, it is characterized in that; The tensioning transmission mechanism of chatting includes transmission cylinder, shaft coupling, tyre rotation bearing block composition, and it sequentially is formed by connecting.
7. that chats according to claim 2 a kind ofly directly is ground into the equipment of micelle with junked tire, it is characterized in that; The strainer of chatting is by former, lengthened plate, guide plate, T groove tapered sleeve, tensioning plate, tension link and main shaft form, main shaft is connected with the tensioning transmission mechanism, tension link one end and main shaft are connected, the other end is connected with the T groove cone that is fixed thereon, be arranged with the inclined-plane tensioning plate that matches with it in the T groove of T groove tapered sleeve, the both sides of inclined-plane tensioning plate are fixed on the guide plate that body has gathering sill and control, and tensioning plate and lengthened plate and former sequentially are connected.
8. junked tire is ground into the stranding circle machine of micelle and rubber powder, it is characterized in that; Rubbing the circle owner with the hands will be comprised of body and rub wheel, the rub wheel of chatting by driven rub wheel and initiatively rub wheel form, the two ends of gyroaxis that are the driven rub wheel of fork shape are separately fixed on gyroaxis and the hydraulic cylinder.
9. the junked tire chatted of claim 1 is ground into the technique of micelle, and described granular size is to regulate by the speed of travel of pulverizer, and its adjustable range is 0 ~ 12mm.
CN2012104613458A 2012-11-16 2012-11-16 Process and device for crushing waste tire into rubber particles Pending CN102922625A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012104613458A CN102922625A (en) 2012-11-16 2012-11-16 Process and device for crushing waste tire into rubber particles

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012104613458A CN102922625A (en) 2012-11-16 2012-11-16 Process and device for crushing waste tire into rubber particles

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102922625A true CN102922625A (en) 2013-02-13

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103991149A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-08-20 重庆市聚益橡胶制品有限公司 System for circularly grinding and deironing reclaimed rubber
CN104002394A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-08-27 重庆市聚益橡胶制品有限公司 Process for producing rubber powder by utilizing junked tires
CN104002396A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-08-27 重庆市聚益橡胶制品有限公司 Method for preparing regenerated rubber powder
CN108162249A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-15 重庆九橡化大橡胶科技有限责任公司 The broken process units of asphalt stock powder processing
CN108623202A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-10-09 珠海浩悦环保技术有限公司 A kind of elastic damping particle and preparation method thereof and pugging and preparation method thereof
CN111168889A (en) * 2020-02-23 2020-05-19 杨松 Operation method of bead crushing system of waste heavy-duty tire outer tire crushing robot

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2251438Y (en) * 1995-12-26 1997-04-09 查绍振 Wheel tyre rubber crusher
CN2763001Y (en) * 2005-01-10 2006-03-08 张树清 Machine for separating steel-ring from waste tire
CN2923264Y (en) * 2006-07-21 2007-07-18 鲍国平 Gommures rubbing-crushing machine
CN201597141U (en) * 2009-12-24 2010-10-06 软控股份有限公司 Vulcanizing plant for producing prevulcanization annular treads
CN202964986U (en) * 2012-11-16 2013-06-05 东莞市运通环保科技有限公司 Device for directly crushing junked tires into colloidal particles

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2251438Y (en) * 1995-12-26 1997-04-09 查绍振 Wheel tyre rubber crusher
CN2763001Y (en) * 2005-01-10 2006-03-08 张树清 Machine for separating steel-ring from waste tire
CN2923264Y (en) * 2006-07-21 2007-07-18 鲍国平 Gommures rubbing-crushing machine
CN201597141U (en) * 2009-12-24 2010-10-06 软控股份有限公司 Vulcanizing plant for producing prevulcanization annular treads
CN202964986U (en) * 2012-11-16 2013-06-05 东莞市运通环保科技有限公司 Device for directly crushing junked tires into colloidal particles

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103991149A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-08-20 重庆市聚益橡胶制品有限公司 System for circularly grinding and deironing reclaimed rubber
CN104002394A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-08-27 重庆市聚益橡胶制品有限公司 Process for producing rubber powder by utilizing junked tires
CN104002396A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-08-27 重庆市聚益橡胶制品有限公司 Method for preparing regenerated rubber powder
CN104002396B (en) * 2014-05-23 2016-03-02 重庆市聚益橡胶制品有限公司 The preparation method of reclaimed rubber rubber powder
CN108162249A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-15 重庆九橡化大橡胶科技有限责任公司 The broken process units of asphalt stock powder processing
CN108623202A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-10-09 珠海浩悦环保技术有限公司 A kind of elastic damping particle and preparation method thereof and pugging and preparation method thereof
CN111168889A (en) * 2020-02-23 2020-05-19 杨松 Operation method of bead crushing system of waste heavy-duty tire outer tire crushing robot

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