CN102903063A - Integral electricity market operation system - Google Patents

Integral electricity market operation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102903063A
CN102903063A CN2012103492776A CN201210349277A CN102903063A CN 102903063 A CN102903063 A CN 102903063A CN 2012103492776 A CN2012103492776 A CN 2012103492776A CN 201210349277 A CN201210349277 A CN 201210349277A CN 102903063 A CN102903063 A CN 102903063A
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China
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market
service
management
module
electricity
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CN2012103492776A
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Inventor
杨争林
耿建
邵平
龙苏岩
郑亚先
薛必克
程海花
郭艳敏
黄龙达
王高琴
徐骏
黄春波
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
China Electric Power Research Institute Co Ltd CEPRI
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
China Electric Power Research Institute Co Ltd CEPRI
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Priority to CN2012103492776A priority Critical patent/CN102903063A/en
Publication of CN102903063A publication Critical patent/CN102903063A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to an integral electricity market operation system. The system comprises a system supporting layer, a platform supporting layer, an application service layer and a business application layer, wherein the system supporting layer is used for providing operation environment and development environment for the electricity market operation system; the platform supporting layer is used for managing a power gird physical model, a market economic model and a dynamic data model and providing sharing platform supporting for application; the application service layer is used for providing service for trade management, planning optimization, operational control and market simulation; and the business application layer is used for providing service for electricity market operation. By the aid of the system, the design of an integral electricity market operation system frame of multi-cycle electricity trade decision and management and the design of an integral electricity market operation system frame of integrity of the economic model and the physical model, integrity of the trade optimization and safety analysis, integrity of production operation and forward analysis, integrity of market operation and the market simulation and integrity of capital flow and electricity flow display are supported, a business decision analysis platform is constructed and the electricity source operation serves as the center.

Description

A kind of integral electrical market operation system
Technical field
The present invention relates to the electricity market field, be specifically related to a kind of integral electrical market operation system.
Background technology
Electricity market is exactly to introduce market mechanism in power industry, impel electric power enterprise to enhance productivity by competition, reduce production costs, guiding user rational utilization of electricity, final health, the high-efficient development that realizes power industry promotes China's " resource-conserving, environmentally friendly " social construction.China set up complete three-class power market system in 2006 on the basis of 6 provincial markets and 2 regional markets pilot reform summaries of experience, the market architecture that form country, zone and the running of provincial market regulation, complements one another.Electricity market is quantity of electricity transaction and the assistant service transaction platform that relies on electrical network, and safety, economy, high-quality, efficiently electric power supply are its final goals, and open, fair and impartial is the most important means that realize above-mentioned target.Therefore, the operation of electricity market had both needed to set up the procedure management system between multistage mechanism of exchange, also needed to set up the procedure management system of trade center inside; Both need to pursue the economy of electricity transaction according to market discipline, also need to take into full account electrical network feature, in transaction optimization, take into full account electric power netting safe running; Both having needed provides complete skill to support to the electricity transaction overall process, also needs risk, the benefit of transaction are fully analyzed, and realizes the Risk Pre-control of electricity transaction, analogue simulation market various possibility development trend; Both needed quantity of electricity stream is managed analysis, and also needed the operating funds flow in market to carry out analysis and evaluation, realized the resource management and control to electricity transaction.
Electricity Market Operation System is specialized as Electricity Market Rules, need to provide complete technical support for Electricity Market Operation.The Electricity Market Operation System framework that China sets up is at present mainly managed and data analysis towards the procedure of medium-term and long-term power market transaction operation, can provide procedure to support for core electricity transaction business such as contract, transaction, plan, clearing, information issue and data declarations, automatically access all kinds of horizontal data, vertically connect marketing information at different levels, and all kinds of Transaction Informations are carried out statistical study, realized the procedure management of electricity transaction core business.But existing Electricity Market Operation System framework also lacks the systematization technical support to multicycle market, lack the multianalysis of electric network security in the electricity transaction, the forward direction decision Analysis that lacks electricity transaction, the analog simulation that lacks electricity market, the visual presentation that lacks quantity of electricity stream and electricity transaction cash flow, lack market member's overall process standardized management, therefore, need on electricity market technical support demand analysis basis, the integrated Electricity Market Operation System architecture design of safety economy be proposed.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of integral electrical market operation system, integral electrical market operation system system architecture design of multicycle electricity transaction decision-making and management is supported in this invention.And according to the analysis of Electricity Market Operation to business demands such as data management and control, transaction optimization, safety analysis, decision-making management and data minings, support economic model and physical model is integrated, transaction optimization is with safety analysis is integrated, production run and forward analysis is integrated, the market operation and market simulation is integrated, cash flow and flow of power are showed integrated Electricity Market Operation System architecture design, the commercial decision-making analysis platform of structure centered by electric power resource is runed.
The objective of the invention is to adopt following technical proposals to realize:
A kind of integral electrical market operation system, its improvements are, described Electricity Market Operation System comprises:
System support layer: for Electricity Market Operation System provides running environment and development environment;
Platform supporting layer: electrical network physical model, market economy model and Dynamic Data Model are managed, and support for application provides shared platform;
Application service layer: for trade management, planning optimization, operation management and control, market simulation provide service;
Service application layer: for Electricity Market Operation provides service;
Described system support layer provides support take method of service as the platform supporting layer; Described platform supporting layer provides support take method of service as application service layer; Described application service layer provides support take method of service as the system support layer.
Wherein, described system support layer comprises operating system, database management module and middleware;
Described operating system comprises Linux, Unix and Windows operating system;
Described middleware provides cross-platform running environment and development environment for described Electricity Market Operation System; Follow J2EE or CORBA standard;
Described database management module is used for the management commercial data base.
Wherein, described platform supporting layer comprises that model management module and platform support engine; The model management module provides electrical network physical model, electricity market economic model and the service of dynamic metadata model management; Described platform supports engine centered by electrical network physical model, electricity market economic model and dynamic metadata model, provides the program of tool to support.
Wherein, described model management module comprises electrical network physical model administration module, market economy model administration module and metadata schema administration module;
Described electrical network physical model administration module manages the electrical network physical model;
Described market economy model administration module manages the electricity market economic model;
Described metadata schema administration module manages metadata schema.
Wherein, described electrical network physical model comprises zone, factory station, electric pressure, genset, load, transformer, power transmission line, interconnection, capacitive reactance device and switch tool; Described electricity market economic model comprises market member, unit, competing generators and the load of bidding.
Wherein, described unit comprises the unit of bidding, transaction unit, clearing unit, contract unit and statistic unit; Described market member representative has independent management and manages homemade market economy main body; The dummy unit that described unit represents the competing generators of at least one and the load of bidding forms; Described competing generators representative participates in genset or the interconnection of marketing; The described load representative of bidding participates in the industrial load of power consumer transaction or Demand Side Response.
Wherein, the competing generators in the described electricity market economic model is corresponding one by one with genset and interconnection in the electrical network physical model; The load of bidding in the described electricity market economic model is corresponding one by one with load and terminal change in the electrical network physical model; Form electricity market economic model and electrical network physical model integrated.
Wherein, the management method that to recall of the described electricity market economic model time of adopting; The market economy main body of described electricity market economic model comprises economic parameters;
Described market economy main body and economic parameters all comprise entry-into-force time and out-of-service time, and the entry-into-force time of market economy main body and economic parameters and out-of-service time have following attribute:
The entry-into-force time that described economic parameters records the earliest starts from the entry-into-force time of described market economy main body; The out-of-service time that described economic parameters records the latest and the out-of-service time of main body are consistent, and keep the entry-into-force time of a rear record consistent with the out-of-service time of last record.
Wherein, described market member has the Whole Course Management function.
Wherein, described platform support engine comprises visual presentation engine, workflow engine, many scenes service-Engine, Report Forms Service engine, alarm log service-Engine, formula computing engines, task scheduling service-Engine and safety management service.
Wherein, described visual presentation engine is used for providing editor, the browsing service of two and three dimensions figure, and multi-angle is intuitively showed market operation information;
Described workflow engine is used for providing work definition, establishment, operation and management service;
Described many scenes service-Engine is used for providing establishment, editor, contrast and the management service of market operation analytic system scene;
Described Report Forms Service engine is used for providing template definition, inquiry and the stores service of form;
Described alarm log service-Engine is used for providing reception, processing, displaying and the Analysis Service of alarm log information;
Described formula calculation services is used for providing formula definition, calculating triggering, formula to calculate and the service of automatically reruning;
Described task scheduling service-Engine is used for providing the service call administrative mechanism, supports the flow process layout of many calculation services;
Described safety management service is used for providing rights management, access control and record of the audit service.
Wherein, described visual presentation engine adopts at least one visual presentation technology of showing theme, shows at each and adopts the way of presentation of pattern exhibiting district and multiple row table show area in the theme; In the pattern exhibiting district, support the figure style of building-block of logic and electrical network geography information figure.
Wherein, the service data management storehouse of many scenes comprises global data base, scene database and real-time data base;
Described global data base is deposited Electricity Market Operation System management data, model log-on data and history data, supports historical, current and following data storage, service operation and the history to recall;
Described scene database is according to the market operation time range of user selection, and the needed model data of calculating scene and the history data of storage user selection are used for calculating and the inquiry of electricity transaction;
Described real-time data base provides the real-time data memory environment for operation, the calculating of electricity transaction business.
Wherein, the professional corresponding scene classification that calculates of described electricity transaction; Described electricity transaction business is managed by the electricity transaction administration module; The content of described electricity transaction management comprises Generation Rights Trade management, monthly concentrated trade at competitive price management, a few days ago trade management, in a few days trade management, real-time deal management, generation schedule optimization, settlement management and contract management.
Wherein, described task scheduling service-Engine task is accepted module, data reception module, optimization calculating Automatically invoked module, safety analysis Automatically invoked module, result of calculation reception sorting module and timing sequence administration module.
Wherein, described application service layer comprises multiple-objection optimization service module, safety analysis module and many proxy service module; Described multiple-objection optimization service module, safety analysis module and many proxy service module are parallel carries out.
Wherein, described multiple-objection optimization service module is used for providing multiple linearity and Nonlinear Multiobjective Optimized Service, is used for electrical network scale optimization above the provincial level analysis;
Described safety analysis module is used for providing the safety analysis service of tidal current analysis, static security analysis, sensitivity analysis, supports the AC and DC safety analysis; Provide the graphical interfaces query safe to check the control parameter of calculating, provide graphical interfaces that the control parameter of using in the Security Checking calculating is set;
Described many proxy service module are used for simulating a plurality of market members with the ability of making decisions on one's own, and the market member with the ability of making decisions on one's own makes decisions on one's own under limited information.
Wherein, described graphical interfaces arranges the control parameter that Security Checking uses in calculating and comprises:
(1) whether carrying out N-1 checks;
(2) whether carrying out the ground state trend checks;
(3) participate in checking the period;
(4) equilibrator pattern.
Wherein, in Security Checking computation process, automatically use up-to-date check to calculate the control parameter, check content and comprise:
A, arrange according to the equipment state in the electrical network physical model, bus load prediction, genset generation schedule, network model, normal position, automatically generate and check section;
B, carry out the ground state Security Checking, transmission cross-section and branch road are carried out check analysis;
C, carry out the N-1 Security Checking, branch road, transformer element are carried out check analysis.
D, check result is sent to the calculation optimization module according to the E file layout, and accept the call request of calculation optimization module;
Calculating progress and computing mode are showed in E, calculation process control and displaying;
F, forecast failure are selected, and forecast failure definition and the selection of support ﹠ participation Security Checking support artificial selection to participate in the fault combination of Security Checking.
Wherein, described service application layer comprises and declares release module, contract management module, trade management module, plan optimization module, settlement management module, member management module, operation management and control module and market simulation module.
Wherein, the described release module of declaring is used for providing declaring and inquiry service of log-on message, bid information and operation information that the market member participates in market;
Described contract management module is used for providing typing, change and the decomposition management of market contract;
Described trade management module is used for providing flow process establishment and the transaction of electricity transaction to bring management together;
Described plan optimization module is used for providing optimization establishment and the management of generation schedule and transregional interconnection plan transprovincially;
Described settlement management module is used for providing generating and transregional electric weight clearing service transprovincially;
Described member management module be used for providing the market member registration, Whole Course Management changes, examines, quits listing;
Described operation management module is used for providing collection, analysis, supervision, the decision-making of electricity transaction resource information and flow process;
Described market simulation module is used for providing the market simulation assessment of at least a operation mode (such as operation modes such as Generation Side openings) and operation scene.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effect that reaches of the present invention is:
1, a kind of integral electrical market operation provided by the invention system, employing is based on the modeling standard of electricity market common information model, realized organically blending of market economy model and electrical network physical model, made up based on the electricity market static model of IEC62325 standard with based on the electricity market dynamic model of metadata management, be the integrated Electricity Market Operation of safety economy and the data mining analysis basis that supplies a model.
2, the integrated Optimal Decision-making task scheduling of safety economy provided by the invention framework, can provide the support of multiple goal multiconstraint optimization decision making algorithm for all kinds of transaction optimizations and planning, and automatically carry out safety analysis under the electrical network several scenes in the realization transaction optimization, transaction and the planned outcome optimized satisfy the electric power netting safe running requirement automatically, realize the integrated power market transaction decision-making of safety economy.Proposed parallel safety analysis framework, supported the safety analysis of multimachine multi-core parallel concurrent to calculate, for the market operation engineering of large scale electric network provides the basis.
3, many scenes architecture design provided by the invention, for the analysis of forward direction transaction risk and the electricity transaction production and operation of electricity market provides integrated support, by setting up the Data Share System of the production and operation and market simulation, can realize that power market transaction emulation and the production and operations acted on behalf of based on intelligence integrated more, the potential risk of the different mechanism of exchange of quantitative evaluation and type of transaction.
4, Electricity Market Operation multi-angle visible displaying framework provided by the invention can provide the integration exhibition platform for Electricity Market Operation and electric power netting safe running, for the multi-threaded graphical displaying of electricity transaction provides Unified frame.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is integral electrical market operation overall system object delineation provided by the invention;
Fig. 2 is integral electrical market operation systematic functional structrue figure provided by the invention;
Fig. 3 is electricity market economic model provided by the invention and the integrated schematic diagram of electrical network physical model;
Fig. 4 is the integrated task scheduling frame diagram of service-oriented safety economy provided by the invention;
Fig. 5 is many scene managements frame diagram provided by the invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.
Integral electrical market operation overall system target provided by the invention as shown in Figure 1, the integral electrical market operation provided by the invention system, at first adopt the IEC62325 standard, member electricity market common information model, realize organically blending of main market players's model and electrical network agent model, be the power grid security analysis in the trade decision, and the electricity transaction business development basis that supplies a model.Secondly, the dynamic data management framework based on metadata is proposed, the standardization of support the market operation dynamic data and tool management.The 3rd, service-oriented multiple constraint transaction optimization, power grid security analysis and task scheduling engine design are proposed, for marketing provides safety economy integrated transaction optimization public service, ensure as a result safe and feasible of marketing.The 4th, proposition is based on many scenes architecture design in global library, scene library and real-time storehouse, support many scene analysis of all kinds of market operation business, support the market operation and market simulation integrated, also the production run of support the market and forward analysis are integrated.The 5th, propose based on multi-threaded visual presentation architecture design, realize the multi-angle integration exhibition of the operation informations such as flow of power and cash flow.
Integral electrical market operation systematic functional structrue figure provided by the invention as shown in Figure 2, integral electrical market operation systematic functional structrue is made of system support layer, platform supporting layer, application service layer and service application layer.
The system support layer is made of operating system, data base management system (DBMS) and middleware, for system provides running environment and development environment.
The platform supporting layer is divided into again model management and platform supports engine, and the unified management of electrical network physical model, market economy model and dynamic data metadata schema is provided; Platform supports engine and provides unified visual presentation engine, workflow engine, many scenes service-Engine, Report Forms Service engine, alarm log service-Engine, formula calculation services engine, task scheduling service-Engine and safety management service-Engine for each application, for security protection, procedure management, many scene analysis and business diagnosis provide shared platform to support.
Application service layer is then shared multiple-objection optimization service module, power grid security Analysis Service module and intelligent multi agent simulation Analysis Service module for trade management, planning optimization, operation management and control, market simulation provide.
Service application layer comprises all kinds of business such as release module, contract management module, trade management module, plan optimization module, settlement management module, member management module, operation management and control module and market simulation module of declaring that contain Electricity Market Operation.And realize data sharing, business interaction by declaring issuing function between the member of market.
The function declaration of each module is as follows:
Middleware: cross-platform application and development and running environment is provided, follows J2EE or CORBA standard.
Economic model administration module: market organizational structure that the time recalls and abstract, the maintenance and management of business model are provided, and shine upon with physical model.
Physical model administration module: be provided for the electric network model of safety analysis, observe the IEC61970 standard.
The metadata management module: the various dimensions modeling of dynamic data is provided, and is the basis of setting up electricity market business datum warehouse.
The visual presentation engine: provide the two dimension, three-dimensional picture editor, browse public service, multi-angle is intuitively showed operation information.
Workflow engine: workflow defining, establishment, operation and management service are provided.
Many scenes service-Engine: provide the market operation to analyze establishment, editor, contrast and the management service of scene.
Report Forms Service engine: template definition, inquiry, stores service that form is provided.
Alarm log service-Engine: reception, processing, displaying and Analysis Service that alarm log information is provided.
Formula calculation services engine: provide formula definition, calculating triggering, formula to calculate and the service of automatically reruning.
Task scheduling service-Engine: the service call administrative mechanism is provided, supports the flow process layout of many calculation services.
The safety management service should be asked: rights management, access control and record of the audit service are provided.
Multiple-objection optimization service module: multiple linearity and Nonlinear Multiobjective Optimized Service are provided, are used for extensive optimization and analyze.
Safety analysis service module: the multiple safety analysis services such as tidal current analysis, static security analysis, sensitivity analysis are provided, support the AC and DC safety analysis.
The many proxy service module of intelligence: simulate a plurality of market members with the ability of making decisions on one's own, under limited information, make decisions on one's own.
Declare release module: the various information that provide the market member to participate in market are declared and inquiry service.
Contract management module: typing, change, the decomposition management of contract all kinds of in the market are provided.
Trade management module: provide flow process establishment and the transaction of all kinds of transaction to bring management together.
Plan optimization module: optimization establishment and the management of generation schedule and transregional interconnection plan transprovincially are provided.
Settlement management module: generating and transregional electric weight clearing service transprovincially are provided.
The member management module: provide the market member registration, Whole Course Management changes, examines, quits listing.
Operation management module: collection, analysis, supervision and the decision-making of electricity transaction related resource information and flow process are provided.
Market simulation module: the market simulation assessment of multiple operation mode and operation scene is provided.
The integral electrical market operation provided by the invention system realizes that integrated function is described as follows:
1, market model and electric network model integrated design:
Electricity market economic model provided by the invention and electrical network physical model are as shown in Figure 3 integrated, because the operation control of power industry asset of equipments is different from the agent structure of safety running control, for supporting the integrated Electricity Market Operation of safety economy, set up the electricity market economic model with market member, unit (comprising the unit of bidding, transaction unit, clearing unit, contract unit and statistic unit), competing generators and the main bodys such as load of bidding.Wherein market member representative has the main market players of independent management competence, the unit then is the dummy unit that one or more competing generators, load form, competing generators then represents genset or the interconnection that participates in marketing, and the load of bidding then represents the large scale industry load that participates in power consumer transaction or Demand Side Response.In addition, for supporting the power grid security analysis in the Electricity Market Operation, set up the complete electrical network physical model of equipment such as comprising zone, factory station, electric pressure, unit, load, transformer, power transmission line, capacitive reactance device, switch tool.And by the competing generators in the economic model is corresponding one by one with physics unit, interconnection in the electric network model, the load of bidding in the economic model is corresponding one by one with load, terminal change in the electric network model, realized the combination of economic model and electric network model.
Make up by integrated economy model and electric network model, the result of transaction plan is automatically converted to generating and the load injection of tidal current analysis, being used for trend calculates and Security Checking, realize the integrated of the economic decision of electricity transaction and safety analysis, be the integrated basis that supplies a model of the safety economy of electricity market.
2, based on the electricity market common information model of CIM standard
For supporting the flexible expansion of electricity transaction business, the electricity market common information model that adopts the IEC62325 standard to propose, its data modeling can support electricity transaction in the expansion of type of subject, market category, three dimensions of type of transaction, realizes that the model standard in domestic electricity market and International Power market is unified.
3, based on the dynamic data modeling of metadata
Data commonly used generally comprise the load, electric weight demand of electric weight, electricity price, the system in the various cycles of power plant, unit etc. in the Electricity Market Operation business, show as planned value, then be measured value in the operational management, the needs that the centre is possible analysis generate some calculated values and statistical value.All these data all structurally all have certain similarity, and namely data can be come unique definite by the service application index of affiliated physical bodies, correspondence and the timestamp of data.According to these characteristics, adopt physical bodies, application index, three attributes of data time to come the identification service data entity, use the minimum data unit that the atomization mode forms the business datum record, propose the peacekeeping of business datum physics and used the coding criterion of tieing up, realize whole system business datum standardization modeling, structured storage, tagging management, provide standardization, practical uniform data support from the Organization of Data aspect for system applies.
4, the time can be recalled the electricity market economic model
The management method that economic model management a kind of time of employing can be recalled, it has set entry-into-force time and out-of-service time for each economic entity in the economic model, the also in time dynamic change of its economic attribution, the property right adjustment of adapt to economic development main body and time are recalled.
Because electricity transaction relates to each principal sector of the economy interests, so all kinds of parameters that use each economic entity and their must can recall, and can reproduce the complete procedure of marketing when occurring disputing on.Any economic entity all is closely related with the time with economic parameters in economic model.Each main body comprises an entry-into-force time and an out-of-service time, and during this period of time this main body is effectively, is referred to as the static economy main body.In the life cycle of this main body, its economic parameters can change along with the variation of time, and this variation is wished to go on record when history is recalled, therefore the economic parameters of these economic entities record also all comprises an entry-into-force time and an out-of-service time, the entry-into-force time of recording the earliest in them start from the entry-into-force time of main body, the out-of-service time of record should be consistent with the out-of-service time of main body the latest, and kept the entry-into-force time of a rear record consistent with the out-of-service time of last record.So just set up dynamic economic parameters for main body.
5, market member Whole Course Management
The market member represents an independent economy main body that participates in Electricity Market Operation, mainly comprises power purchase main body, the outer sale of electricity main body in district, electricity transaction mechanism etc. outside electricity power enterprise, transmission of electricity enterprise, power consumer, the district.All to pass through title examination and application for registration before each main market players comes into the market, can participate in all kinds of electricity transactions after audit is passed through, also need apply for through quitting listing and check and approve when withdrawing from the market, and can quit listing after finishing all relevant ad factum praestandums.
Market member's Whole Course Management function of Electricity Market Operation System is supported the application for registration of all kinds of main market players, and provides the audit of application for registration to examine function, automatically sets up the mapping relations of economic entity and electrical network physical bodies when member's application for registration.Can automatically record the entry-into-force time of main body and all kinds of parameters in the member examines, formation can be recalled economic model.In addition, market member Whole Course Management also provides registration, change and the transfer management function of market member and all kinds of unit.
6, safety economy integral electrical transaction optimization decision-making
The integrated task scheduling framework of service-oriented safety economy provided by the invention as shown in Figure 4, electricity market is the electricity transaction platform that relies on actual electric network, all kinds of electricity transactions at first must satisfy the electric power netting safe running requirement, therefore must take into full account all kinds of power system security constraints in electricity transaction.The electricity transaction Optimal Decision-making is exactly to satisfy under the prerequisite of power grid security, seeks the optimum transaction results that satisfies various constraint requirements.Calculate fast needs for satisfying large scale electric network, high-performance linear programming, quadratic programming and mixed integer programming algorithm are adopted in design in Electricity Market Operation System, by service-oriented task scheduling service frame engine, accept the task call of all kinds of electricity transaction modules, then automatic synchronization electricity transaction Optimal Decision-making calculates and power grid security analytical calculation service, finally is met the optimum transaction results of all kinds of power system security constraints requirements.
The task scheduling service-Engine comprises that task accepts module, data reception module, optimization and calculate Automatically invoked module, safety analysis Automatically invoked module, result of calculation and receive sorting module and timing sequence administration module.
7, parallelization safety analysis
The safety analysis module provides large scale electric network alternating current-direct current analytical calculation function, can the automatic reception task scheduling serve the electricity transaction result who provides, and forms the security analysis of electric power system topological model, and carries out the alternating current-direct current safety analysis and calculate.The safety analysis module provides the graphical interfaces query safe to check the control parameter of calculating, and provides graphical interfaces that all kinds of control parameters of using in the Security Checking calculating are set.
The control parameter that can arrange mainly comprises:
(1) whether carrying out N-1 checks;
(2) whether carrying out the ground state trend checks;
(3) participate in checking the period;
(4) equilibrator pattern.
Can automatically use up-to-date check to calculate the control parameter when Security Checking calculates, analyze content and mainly comprise:
A, arrange according to equipment state, bus load prediction, unit generation plan, network model, normal position, automatically generate and check section;
B, carry out the ground state Security Checking, transmission cross-section and branch road are carried out check analysis;
C, carry out the N-1 Security Checking, branch road, transformer element are carried out check analysis.
D, send to optimization service in connection with the result according to specified format, and accept the call request of optimization service;
Calculating progress and day part computing mode are showed in E, calculation process control and displaying;
F, forecast failure are selected, and forecast failure definition and the selection of support ﹠ participation Security Checking support artificial selection to participate in the fault combination of Security Checking.
For promoting the safety analysis performance, improve on the basis at algorithm, adopt the multithreads computing software development technique, support the fast parallel calculating of multimachine multinuclear, with the increase of computational resource, calculated performance can access and approach linear performance boost.
8, many scene managements:
For supporting many scene comparison analysis in the Electricity Market Operation, adopt global library, case library and in real time storehouse design, support many scenario simulations and the comparative analysis of same service computation, by the adjustment to each parameter in the same example, the different scenes of calculating of simulation realize that different factors are on quantitative evaluation and the analysis of transaction results impact.
Many scene managements framework provided by the invention as shown in Figure 5, the database of many scene managements can be divided into global data base (abbreviation global library), scene database (abbreviation scene library), real-time data base (being called for short real-time storehouse).Global library is deposited complete systems management data, model log-on data and history data, supports historical, current and following data storage, service operation and the history to recall.Scene library is only stored the needed model data of calculating scene and the history data of user selection then according to the market operation time range of user selection, is used for calculating and the inquiry of electricity transaction.The storehouse then provides efficient real-time data memory environment for operation, the calculating of all kinds of transaction business in real time.All kinds of calculating are carried out analytical calculation, analysis and assessment etc. based on scene.
The corresponding a kind of calculating scene classification of each class transaction business, therefore concrete scene classification number will constantly expand with the expansion of electricity market business.Scene management is supported the electricity transaction management of different mode, different cycles, can be divided into Generation Rights Trade, monthly concentrated trade at competitive price, a few days ago transaction, in a few days transaction, real-time deal, generation schedule optimization, settlement management, contract management etc. according to the market category of supporting.
9, production run and forward analysis are integrated:
Take many Scenario Designs as the basis, in system architecture, propose the run mode scene and automatically create technology, realize the support to the production run functions such as contract, transaction, plan, clearing, information issue and data declaration in the Electricity Market Operation.Simultaneously, proposing many research attitude scene events triggers and manual activation establishment technology, the member who simulates all kinds of transaction declares, transaction optimization and performance analysis, assesses the potential risk of various transaction, and distributing rationally to carry out with various transaction business for electric power resource provides the forward analysis platform.
10, the market operation and market simulation are integrated:
On market operation platform base, use many scenes architecture design, the design of power market simulation analog platform is proposed.Simulated environment can be obtained all kinds of market value basis data and operation data from market operation environment automatically, uses the behavior of making decisions on one's own that intelligent multi-agent technology is simulated each main market players.According to the visible market signal of market member, emulation market member makes decisions on one's own, and simulates the ruuning situation of all kinds of trade markets.By the series function that provides with market operation function sharing support platform, realize the statistical study to the market simulation behavior.
11, many means visual presentation:
Aspect the Electricity Market Operation visual presentation, can provide multiple electricity transaction and the power grid security way of presentation such as form, curve, geographic map, tidal current chart, the station figure of factory; Can show electric power netting safe running information under the trade mode from multiple angles such as time dimension, supervision element peacekeeping forecast failure dimensions, support the multiple plan trend scene display such as single section, continuous broadcast.
In addition, use multi-threaded visual presentation technology, set up the multiple display main bodies such as contract management, trade management (minute various types of transaction), planning, settlement management and market surveillance.Show in the theme at each, the general way of presentation such as employing pattern exhibiting district, multiple row table show area are showed all kinds of market operations of Topic relative and operation of power networks information.In the pattern exhibiting district, support building-block of logic and the multiple figure style of electrical network geography information figure, adapt to the flexible displaying of quantity of electricity stream and cash flow.
12, electricity transaction procedure management:
Adopt the generalized flowsheet management engine, electricity market subject user model and workflow management user model are organically blended, support freely to configure and tracing management based on the electricity transaction flow process of file.Pending tasks automatic alarm and task interface self-navigation after the support all types of user login system.Support trans-departmental flow process automatic flow, support the flow process automatic flow between multistage market.
Should be noted that at last: above embodiment is only in order to illustrate that technical scheme of the present invention is not intended to limit, although with reference to above-described embodiment the present invention is had been described in detail, those of ordinary skill in the field are to be understood that: still can make amendment or be equal to replacement the specific embodiment of the present invention, and do not break away from any modification of spirit and scope of the invention or be equal to replacement, it all should be encompassed in the middle of the claim scope of the present invention.

Claims (21)

1. an integral electrical market operation system is characterized in that, described Electricity Market Operation System comprises:
System support layer: for Electricity Market Operation System provides running environment and development environment;
Platform supporting layer: electrical network physical model, market economy model and Dynamic Data Model are managed, and support for application provides shared platform;
Application service layer: for trade management, planning optimization, operation management and control, market simulation provide service;
Service application layer: for Electricity Market Operation provides service;
Described system support layer provides support take method of service as the platform supporting layer; Described platform supporting layer provides support take method of service as application service layer; Described application service layer provides support take method of service as the system support layer.
2. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that, described system support layer comprises operating system, database management module and middleware;
Described operating system comprises Linux, Unix and Windows operating system;
Described middleware provides cross-platform running environment and development environment for described Electricity Market Operation System; Follow J2EE or CORBA standard;
Described database management module is used for the management commercial data base.
3. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that, described platform supporting layer comprises that model management module and platform support engine; The model management module provides electrical network physical model, electricity market economic model and the service of dynamic metadata model management; Described platform supports engine centered by electrical network physical model, electricity market economic model and dynamic metadata model, provides the program of tool to support.
4. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 3 system is characterized in that, described model management module comprises electrical network physical model administration module, market economy model administration module and metadata schema administration module;
Described electrical network physical model administration module manages the electrical network physical model;
Described market economy model administration module manages the electricity market economic model;
Described metadata schema administration module manages metadata schema.
5. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 4 system is characterized in that, described electrical network physical model comprises zone, factory station, electric pressure, genset, load, transformer, power transmission line, interconnection, capacitive reactance device and switch tool; Described electricity market economic model comprises market member, unit, competing generators and the load of bidding.
6. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 5 system is characterized in that, described unit comprises the unit of bidding, transaction unit, clearing unit, contract unit and statistic unit; Described market member representative has independent management and manages homemade market economy main body; The dummy unit that described unit represents the competing generators of at least one and the load of bidding forms; Described competing generators representative participates in genset or the interconnection of marketing; The described load representative of bidding participates in the industrial load of power consumer transaction or Demand Side Response.
7. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 6 system is characterized in that, the competing generators in the described electricity market economic model is corresponding one by one with genset and interconnection in the electrical network physical model; The load of bidding in the described electricity market economic model is corresponding one by one with load and terminal change in the electrical network physical model; Form electricity market economic model and electrical network physical model integrated.
8. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 7 system is characterized in that, the management method that the described electricity market economic model time of adopting can be recalled; The market economy main body of described electricity market economic model comprises economic parameters;
Described market economy main body and economic parameters all comprise entry-into-force time and out-of-service time, and the entry-into-force time of market economy main body and economic parameters and out-of-service time have following attribute:
The entry-into-force time that described economic parameters records the earliest starts from the entry-into-force time of described market economy main body; The out-of-service time that described economic parameters records the latest and the out-of-service time of main body are consistent, and keep the entry-into-force time of a rear record consistent with the out-of-service time of last record.
9. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 5 system is characterized in that, described market member has the Whole Course Management function.
10. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 3 system, it is characterized in that, described platform supports engine and comprises visual presentation engine, workflow engine, many scenes service-Engine, Report Forms Service engine, alarm log service-Engine, formula computing engines, task scheduling service-Engine and safety management service.
11. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 10 system is characterized in that, described visual presentation engine is used for providing editor, the browsing service of two and three dimensions figure, and multi-angle is intuitively showed market operation information;
Described workflow engine is used for providing work definition, establishment, operation and management service;
Described many scenes service-Engine is used for providing establishment, editor, contrast and the management service of market operation analytic system scene;
Described Report Forms Service engine is used for providing template definition, inquiry and the stores service of form;
Described alarm log service-Engine is used for providing reception, processing, displaying and the Analysis Service of alarm log information;
Described formula calculation services is used for providing formula definition, calculating triggering, formula to calculate and the service of automatically reruning;
Described task scheduling service-Engine is used for providing the service call administrative mechanism, supports the flow process layout of many calculation services;
Described safety management service is used for providing rights management, access control and record of the audit service.
12. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 11 system, it is characterized in that, described visual presentation engine adopts at least one visual presentation technology of showing theme, shows at each and adopts the way of presentation of pattern exhibiting district and multiple row table show area in the theme; In the pattern exhibiting district, support the figure style of building-block of logic and electrical network geography information figure.
13. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 11 system is characterized in that the service data management storehouse of many scenes comprises global data base, scene database and real-time data base;
Described global data base is deposited Electricity Market Operation System management data, model log-on data and history data, supports historical, current and following data storage, service operation and the history to recall;
Described scene database is according to the market operation time range of user selection, and the needed model data of calculating scene and the history data of storage user selection are used for calculating and the inquiry of electricity transaction;
Described real-time data base provides the real-time data memory environment for operation, the calculating of electricity transaction business.
14. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 13 system is characterized in that, the professional corresponding scene classification that calculates of described electricity transaction; Described electricity transaction business is managed by the electricity transaction administration module; The content of described electricity transaction management comprises Generation Rights Trade management, monthly concentrated trade at competitive price management, a few days ago trade management, in a few days trade management, real-time deal management, generation schedule optimization, settlement management and contract management.
15. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 13 system, it is characterized in that, described task scheduling service-Engine task is accepted module, data reception module, optimization calculating Automatically invoked module, safety analysis Automatically invoked module, result of calculation reception sorting module and timing sequence administration module.
16. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that described application service layer comprises multiple-objection optimization service module, safety analysis module and many proxy service module; Described multiple-objection optimization service module, safety analysis module and many proxy service module are parallel carries out.
17. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 16 system is characterized in that, described multiple-objection optimization service module is used for providing multiple linearity and Nonlinear Multiobjective Optimized Service, is used for electrical network scale optimization above the provincial level analysis;
Described safety analysis module is used for providing the safety analysis service of tidal current analysis, static security analysis, sensitivity analysis, supports the AC and DC safety analysis; Provide the graphical interfaces query safe to check the control parameter of calculating, provide graphical interfaces that the control parameter of using in the Security Checking calculating is set;
Described many proxy service module are used for simulating a plurality of market members with the ability of making decisions on one's own, and the market member with the ability of making decisions on one's own makes decisions on one's own under limited information.
18. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 17 system is characterized in that, described graphical interfaces arranges the control parameter that Security Checking uses in calculating and comprises:
(1) whether carrying out N-1 checks;
(2) whether carrying out the ground state trend checks;
(3) participate in checking the period;
(4) equilibrator pattern.
19. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 18 system is characterized in that, automatically uses up-to-date check to calculate the control parameter in Security Checking computation process, checks content and comprises:
A, arrange according to the equipment state in the electrical network physical model, bus load prediction, genset generation schedule, network model, normal position, automatically generate and check section;
B, carry out the ground state Security Checking, transmission cross-section and branch road are carried out check analysis;
C, carry out the N-1 Security Checking, branch road, transformer element are carried out check analysis.
D, check result is sent to the calculation optimization module according to the E file layout, and accept the call request of calculation optimization module;
Calculating progress and computing mode are showed in E, calculation process control and displaying;
F, forecast failure are selected, and forecast failure definition and the selection of support ﹠ participation Security Checking support artificial selection to participate in the fault combination of Security Checking.
20. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 1 system, it is characterized in that, described service application layer comprises declares release module, contract management module, trade management module, plan optimization module, settlement management module, member management module, operation management and control module and market simulation module.
21. the integral electrical market operation as claimed in claim 20 system is characterized in that, the described release module of declaring is used for providing declaring and inquiry service of log-on message, bid information and operation information that the market member participates in market;
Described contract management module is used for providing typing, change and the decomposition management of market contract;
Described trade management module is used for providing flow process establishment and the transaction of electricity transaction to bring management together;
Described plan optimization module is used for providing optimization establishment and the management of generation schedule and transregional interconnection plan transprovincially;
Described settlement management module is used for providing generating and transregional electric weight clearing service transprovincially;
Described member management module be used for providing the market member registration, Whole Course Management changes, examines, quits listing;
Described operation management module is used for providing collection, analysis, supervision, the decision-making of electricity transaction resource information and flow process;
Described market simulation module is used for providing the market simulation assessment of at least a operation mode and operation scene.
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