CN102862196B - For the cold press of cemented bamboo timber compoment - Google Patents

For the cold press of cemented bamboo timber compoment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102862196B
CN102862196B CN201210347267.9A CN201210347267A CN102862196B CN 102862196 B CN102862196 B CN 102862196B CN 201210347267 A CN201210347267 A CN 201210347267A CN 102862196 B CN102862196 B CN 102862196B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pressing
longitudinal
bamboo timber
timber compoment
cold press
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CN201210347267.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102862196A (en
Inventor
肖岩
单波
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长沙凯森竹木新技术有限公司
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Priority to CN201210347267.9A priority Critical patent/CN102862196B/en
Publication of CN102862196A publication Critical patent/CN102862196A/en
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Publication of CN102862196B publication Critical patent/CN102862196B/en

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Abstract

A kind of cold press for cemented bamboo timber compoment, comprise longitudinal pressing assembly, the overall unit of cold press be made up of more than one rack unit be arranged in order and the side direction pressing means be arranged on rack unit and vertical pressing means, the rack unit being arranged in overall unit two ends of described cold press is provided with longitudinal pressing assembly, and the force side of described longitudinal pressing assembly produces the pressure along cemented bamboo timber compoment longitudinal direction.The present invention have easy and simple to handle, applied widely, multidirectional pressure can be applied, the advantage such as working ability and working (machining) efficiency can be improved.

Description

For the cold press of cemented bamboo timber compoment
Technical field
The present invention is mainly concerned with the process equipment field of structural elements, refers in particular to a kind of cold press bamboo and wood, bamboo wood compound and other composite processing being become the structural elements such as gummed beam, gummed post.
Background technology
Along with the continuous increase of China's artificial forest area and timber reserves, and the introduction of North America modern wood structure technology and laminated wood, China's timber structure is recovered and is developed.Meanwhile, along with further investigation and the Fruits popularize of modern bamboo structure technology, the bamboo timber resource of China's abundant is entered building structure field, significant increase bamboo timber resource utilize level and added value.The main material of Modern Wood (bamboo) structure is laminated wood (cemented bamboo).By recombinating to bamboo (wood) material and glue together, effectively can reduce the impact of local defect on material property on the one hand, improve the bearing capacity of component; Effectively can also utilize the material of small diameter grade on the other hand, drastically increase the utilization rate of wood (bamboo) material.
Undersized wood (bamboo) material is made component such as large-sized laminated wood (bamboo) beam, post etc., one of them key technology is colded pressing.That is, need after the applying glue of the wood of certain specification (bamboo) plate surface, stack according to the combination of design, then curing adhesive under pressure, molding structure component.Therefore, the size of cold press and the performance impact of pressure capacity to laminated wood (bamboo) component very large.
Existing cold press is to process laminated wood, and the subject matter of existence is: the first, and cold press size is fixed, and can not change.Therefore, for exceed cold press frame length component cannot time processing shaping.If in order to the needs meeting overlength component, the length of cold press strengthened, then service efficiency is very low, and high to the requirement in place, and space waste is large; Second, existing cold press is unidirectional pressurization (vertical or side direction), can Free Transform with material on the direction that compression aspect is perpendicular, the component inside leakiness processed may be caused because sheet material produces slippage, thus have influence on the overall mechanical property of structural elements.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is just: the technical problem existed for prior art, the invention provides a kind of easy and simple to handle, applied widely, cold press for cemented bamboo timber compoment that can apply multidirectional pressure, can improve working ability and working (machining) efficiency.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention by the following technical solutions:
A kind of cold press for cemented bamboo timber compoment, comprise longitudinal pressing assembly, the overall unit of cold press be made up of more than one rack unit be arranged in order and the side direction pressing means be arranged on each rack unit and vertical pressing means, the rack unit being arranged in overall unit two ends of described cold press is provided with longitudinal pressing assembly, and the force side of described longitudinal pressing assembly produces the pressure along cemented bamboo timber compoment longitudinal direction.
As a further improvement on the present invention:
Described longitudinal pressing assembly comprises longitudinal pressing part and longitudinal reaction frame, described longitudinal reaction frame is connected on rack unit, the stiff end of described longitudinal pressing part is connected on longitudinal reaction frame, and the force side of described longitudinal pressing part is towards the end of cemented bamboo timber compoment.
Described longitudinal pressing part is fixed on the inner side of longitudinal reaction frame.
Each described rack unit includes a frame, and described frame is a frame structure be made up of back timber, base plate and Duo Gen heel post; Described cemented bamboo timber compoment is positioned on the base plate of frame, the heel post that described side direction pressing means is fixed on frame is used for applying pressure to the side of cemented bamboo timber compoment, the back timber that described vertical pressing means is fixed on frame is used for applying pressure to the top of cemented bamboo timber compoment.
The heel post of the frame on described side direction pressing means opposite is provided with counter-force support member to be used for supporting the side of cemented bamboo timber compoment.
Pressure distribution plate is equipped with between pressing means and cemented bamboo timber compoment between described side direction pressing means and cemented bamboo timber compoment and vertically.
Adjacent described rack unit is assembled by the longitudinal direction of tie-beam along cemented bamboo timber compoment.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
1, the present invention is used for the cold press of cemented bamboo timber compoment, easy and simple to handle, applied widely, can require according to scantling and change length, to improve working ability and the efficiency of equipment, also the flexible arrangement of processing place is convenient to, can setting be moved if desired, and can multidirectional pressurization be carried out, to improve crudy and the mechanical property of laminated wood (bamboo) component.
2, the present invention can require change according to component for the length of the cold press of cemented bamboo timber compoment.This cold press is made up of single or multiple rack unit, to form cold press entirety.According to the dimensional requirement of tool member, can reach by reducing or increase rack unit number the object changing cold press overall length.Because all rack units are all designed to standard size, and with bolts, therefore assembling is quite convenient.In actual use, because equipment interoperability is good, in Same Site, the cold press can assembling several different length according to demand uses simultaneously, therefore improves the service efficiency of equipment.When there being overlength component to need compacting, form by reconfiguring of rack unit the cold press that meets the demands, equipment applicability is strong; The present invention effectively overcomes the relevant issues that existing equipment fixedly brings due to size, as overlength component cannot be once compressing.
3, the present invention is used for the cold press of cemented bamboo timber compoment, the unidirectional, two-way of component can be carried out or three-dimensional compressing, reach at most the effect of three-dimensional pressurization.Therefore, this frame of colding pressing can according to the actual requirements, the unidirectional compacting (vertical or side direction) realizing laminated wood (bamboo) component is easily shaping, bidirectional pressed moulding or three-dimensional compressing, and the conversion of each pressurized state can be carried out easily.This equipment compares existing unidirectional pressurization cold press, can improve the crudy of adhesive members, can process some special components simultaneously, process some special components, also can expand the range of application of equipment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of cold press of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation in the present invention, multiple rack unit being connected into the overall unit of cold press.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of cold press mid frame unit of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of longitudinal pressing assembly in cold press of the present invention.
Marginal data:
1, rack unit; 2, the first bolt; 3, tie-beam; 4, longitudinal pressing assembly; 5, frame; 6, vertical pressing means; 7, side direction pressing means; 8, pressure distribution plate; 9, counter-force support member; 10, longitudinal reaction frame; 11, longitudinal pressing part; 12, the second bolt; 13, cemented bamboo timber compoment.
Detailed description of the invention
Below with reference to Figure of description and specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further details.
As shown in Figure 1 to 4, the present invention is used for the cold press of cemented bamboo timber compoment, comprises longitudinal pressing assembly 4, the more than one rack unit 1 be arranged in order, Control Component (not shown) and the side direction pressing means 7 be arranged on rack unit 1 and vertical pressing means 6.According to the dimensional requirement (length dimension) of cemented bamboo timber compoment 13 intending compacting, by one or more rack unit 1 by the first bolt 2 and tie-beam 3 longitudinally (i.e. the length direction of cemented bamboo timber compoment 13) assemble, form cold press entirety unit.The present invention installs longitudinal pressing assembly 4 on the rack unit 1 being arranged in overall unit two ends of cold press, this longitudinal pressing assembly 4 comprises longitudinal pressing part 11 and longitudinal reaction frame 10, longitudinal reaction frame 10 is connected on rack unit 1 by the second bolt 12, the stiff end of longitudinal pressing part 11 is connected on longitudinal reaction frame 10, the force side of longitudinal pressing part 11 towards the end of cemented bamboo timber compoment 13, and is used for applying pressure along the longitudinal direction of cemented bamboo timber compoment 13 to it.In the present embodiment, longitudinal pressing part 11 is fixed on the inner side of longitudinal reaction frame 10.
Each rack unit 1 includes a frame 5, and frame 5 is a frame structure be made up of back timber, base plate and Duo Gen heel post, and cemented bamboo timber compoment 13 is positioned over the middle part of frame 5 upper plate.Side direction pressing means 7 is fixed on the heel post of frame 5, is used for applying pressure to the side of cemented bamboo timber compoment 13; Vertical pressing means 6 is fixed on the back timber of frame 5, is used for applying pressure to the top of cemented bamboo timber compoment 13.
In the present embodiment, be provided with counter-force support member 9 further on the heel post of the frame 5 on side direction pressing means 7 opposite, this counter-force support member 9 is used for supporting the side of cemented bamboo timber compoment 13, so that side direction pressing means 7 better completes pressurization.
In the present embodiment, between side direction pressing means 7 and cemented bamboo timber compoment 13 and vertically, be equipped with pressure distribution plate 8 between pressing means 6 and cemented bamboo timber compoment 13, to ensure the uniformity of exerting pressure.This pressure distribution plate 8 can one or more distributes girder steel according to employing.
Above-mentioned longitudinal pressing part 11, side direction pressing means 7, vertical pressing means 6 all can adopt oil cylinder, cylinder or other forms of actuator according to actual needs; And above-mentioned each pressing means controls by Control Component, this Control Component can be all-in-one-piece control assembly, also can adopt the independent control assembly corresponding with each pressing means.
Operation principle: in use, first according to the dimensional requirement (length direction) intending the cemented bamboo timber compoment 13 suppressed, selects the quantity of rack unit 1, and is longitudinally assembled by multiple rack unit 1, forms cold press overall.Then, require (width) according to the design size of cemented bamboo timber compoment 13, adjust the position of counter-force support member 9.
By bamboo wood board well cutting, surface applies adhesive, and layering lay-up is on cold press, and counter-force support member 9 is close in its side, forms the loose stack of cemented bamboo timber compoment 13.
By Control Component, start hydraulic-pressure control apparatus, make side direction pressing means 7 withstand the side of cemented bamboo timber compoment 13, produce certain side direction compressive pre-stress; Start hydraulic-pressure control apparatus, make longitudinal pressing part 4 withstand the two ends of cemented bamboo timber compoment 13, produce certain longitudinal compressive pre-stress; Start hydraulic-pressure control apparatus, make vertical pressing means 6 withstand the end face of cemented bamboo timber compoment 13, produce certain vertical compressive pre-stress.
Next, the operating pressure of side direction pressing means 7 and longitudinal pressing part 11 is increased gradually, until reach preset value; Increase the operating pressure of vertical pressing means 6 again, until reach preset value.Keep pressure, until cemented bamboo timber compoment 13 reaches the predetermined compressing time.
By hydraulic-pressure control apparatus, the pressure of all pressure-producing parts of removal, and the drive rod in pressure-producing part is playbacked; Remove longitudinal pressing assembly 4, compressing cemented bamboo timber compoment 13 is shifted out from one end of cold press, or the top cross-bar of rack unit 1 mid frame 5 is removed, cemented bamboo timber compoment 13 is hung out.
The present invention can also carry out the unidirectional of component or Bidirectional molding further according to actual needs.
Below be only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, protection scope of the present invention be not only confined to above-described embodiment, all technical schemes belonged under thinking of the present invention all belong to protection scope of the present invention.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, some improvements and modifications without departing from the principles of the present invention, should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. the cold press for cemented bamboo timber compoment, it is characterized in that: comprise longitudinal pressing assembly (4), the overall unit of cold press be made up of multiple rack unit (1) be arranged in order and the side direction pressing means (7) be arranged on rack unit (1) and vertical pressing means (6), the rack unit (1) being arranged in overall unit two ends of described cold press is provided with longitudinal pressing assembly (4), and the force side of described longitudinal pressing assembly (4) produces the pressure along cemented bamboo timber compoment (13) longitudinal direction; Each described rack unit (1) includes a frame (5), and described frame (5) is a frame structure be made up of back timber, base plate and Duo Gen heel post; Described cemented bamboo timber compoment (13) is positioned on the base plate of frame (5), the heel post that described side direction pressing means (7) is fixed on frame (5) is used for applying pressure to the side of cemented bamboo timber compoment (13), the back timber that described vertical pressing means (6) is fixed on frame (5) is used for applying pressure to the top of cemented bamboo timber compoment (13); The heel post of the frame (5) on described side direction pressing means (7) opposite is provided with counter-force support member (9) to be used for supporting the side of cemented bamboo timber compoment (13); Multiple rack unit (1) is assembled by the first bolt (2) and tie-beam (3) length direction along cemented bamboo timber compoment (13), forms the overall unit of cold press.
2. the cold press for cemented bamboo timber compoment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described longitudinal pressing assembly (4) comprises longitudinal pressing part (11) and longitudinal reaction frame (10), described longitudinal reaction frame (10) is connected on rack unit (1), the stiff end of described longitudinal pressing part (11) is connected on longitudinal reaction frame (10), and the force side of described longitudinal pressing part (11) is towards the end of cemented bamboo timber compoment (13).
3. the cold press for cemented bamboo timber compoment according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described longitudinal pressing part (11) is fixed on the inner side of longitudinal reaction frame (10).
4. the cold press for cemented bamboo timber compoment according to claim 1, is characterized in that: between described side direction pressing means (7) and cemented bamboo timber compoment (13) and vertically, be equipped with pressure distribution plate (8) between pressing means (6) and cemented bamboo timber compoment (13).
5. the cold press for cemented bamboo timber compoment according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, is characterized in that: adjacent described rack unit (1) is assembled by the longitudinal direction of tie-beam (3) along cemented bamboo timber compoment (13).
CN201210347267.9A 2012-09-19 2012-09-19 For the cold press of cemented bamboo timber compoment CN102862196B (en)

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CN102862196B true CN102862196B (en) 2015-10-28

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Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN103692508A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-02 余成月 Stress relief cold press
CN103692535A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-02 余成月 Block board cold press
CN103692507A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-02 余成月 Horizontal cold press
CN103692511A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-02 余成月 Woodworking cold press
CN103950076A (en) * 2014-05-06 2014-07-30 济南福迪木业有限公司 Plate hot press
CN105673590A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-06-15 李阳 Pressing machine control method, oil way control system and pressing machine
CN108356927B (en) * 2018-04-08 2020-08-11 安徽省舒城华竹实业有限公司 Continuous gluing device for bamboo-wood composite rod
CN109093790B (en) * 2018-07-16 2020-07-31 漳州鑫华成机械制造有限公司 Automatic feeding cold press

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2325186Y (en) * 1998-02-27 1999-06-23 逯勇英 Machine for producing plywood without station limitation
CN101722540A (en) * 2008-10-24 2010-06-09 胜狮货柜技术研发(上海)有限公司 Long-breadth laminted wood and manufacturing method thereof
CN201685301U (en) * 2010-01-19 2010-12-29 中国林业科学研究院木材工业研究所 Cold-pressing surface-overlaid equipment used for artificial boards
CN202825991U (en) * 2012-09-19 2013-03-27 长沙凯森竹木新技术有限公司 Cold press used for glue bamboo and wood components

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JP2000141311A (en) * 1998-11-17 2000-05-23 Iwate Rinzai Kk Manufacture of laminated veneer
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2325186Y (en) * 1998-02-27 1999-06-23 逯勇英 Machine for producing plywood without station limitation
CN101722540A (en) * 2008-10-24 2010-06-09 胜狮货柜技术研发(上海)有限公司 Long-breadth laminted wood and manufacturing method thereof
CN201685301U (en) * 2010-01-19 2010-12-29 中国林业科学研究院木材工业研究所 Cold-pressing surface-overlaid equipment used for artificial boards
CN202825991U (en) * 2012-09-19 2013-03-27 长沙凯森竹木新技术有限公司 Cold press used for glue bamboo and wood components

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Effective date of registration: 20170607

Address after: 412500 Jiulong economic and Technological Development Zone, Zhuzhou, Hunan, Yanling

Patentee after: Hunan BOSCH New Technology Co. Ltd.

Address before: 410013 high tech Development Zone, Hunan, Changsha torch city building R6

Patentee before: Changsha kaisen Bamboo Wood New Technology Co.,Ltd.