CN102835273B - Intelligent growth and cultivation device for earth-cultivated plant - Google Patents

Intelligent growth and cultivation device for earth-cultivated plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102835273B
CN102835273B CN2012103760801A CN201210376080A CN102835273B CN 102835273 B CN102835273 B CN 102835273B CN 2012103760801 A CN2012103760801 A CN 2012103760801A CN 201210376080 A CN201210376080 A CN 201210376080A CN 102835273 B CN102835273 B CN 102835273B
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water level
control
viewing area
cultivation
zone
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CN102835273A (en
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高扬
徐高松
张瑞清
刘耕
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Jiangsu Internet of Things Research and Development Center
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Jiangsu Internet of Things Research and Development Center
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Abstract

The invention relates to an intelligent growth and cultivation device for an earth-cultivated plant. The device comprises a cultivation flowerpot. The cultivation flowerpot comprises a control and display area, a cultivation area and a water storage area. The control and display area is positioned on the lateral surface of the cultivation flowerpot. The water storage area is positioned below the cultivation area. Water seepage funnels are arranged at the bottom of the cultivation area, and are communicated with the water storage area. Illumination sensors are arranged on the upper edge of the cultivation flowerpot. A temperature and humidity sensor and a PH value sensor are arranged in the cultivation area. A normally closed drain valve is arranged at the bottom of the water storage area, is connected to the control and display area, and is opened only when receiving an opening signal. A water level switch and a floater are arranged in the water storage area. A magnet is arranged on the floater. When the magnet is close to the water level switch, the water level switch generates a signal, and transmits the signal to the control and display area. Main growth environmental parameters of the plant are monitored, and are compared with preset parameter values for judgment, and a corresponding processing method is prompted to a planter; and the device is easy to operate and high in universality.

Description

Intelligent earth culture plant growth culturing device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of plant cultivating device, especially a kind of intelligent earth culture plant growth culturing device.
Background technology
Present intelligent planting technology reaches its maturity, for large-scale plantation, generally adopts systematized way to manage, and its cost is that family and small-sized plantation are too far behind to catch up.For traditional household balcony plantation, it is thorough that patent does not in the past all accomplish to consider, the simple lack of water of just having done that has detects, what have does not consider cost, the soil environment of doing of just thinking of simply detects, in fact different plants is different to the requirement of soil environment, therefore, all can not well be promoted.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of intelligent earth culture plant growth culturing device is provided, it is by the monitoring to the main growing environment parameter of earth culture plant, and the prompting grower takes corresponding processing method.
According to technical scheme provided by the invention, described intelligent earth culture plant growth culturing device, comprise culture flower pot, described culture flower pot comprises control and viewing area, cultivation is regional, retaining is regional, described control and viewing area are positioned at the culture flower pot side, described retaining zone is positioned at cultivates the below, zone, cultivates the bottom, zone the infiltration funnel is set, and is communicated to the retaining zone; The upper edge of described culture flower pot is provided with optical sensor, optical sensor is wired to be controlled and viewing area, temperature, humidity sensor and pH value sensor are set in described cultivation zone, and temperature, humidity sensor and pH value sensor are wired to be controlled and viewing area; Bottom, described retaining zone arranges normally closed draining valve, and described draining valve is connected to and controls and viewing area by control line, when receiving start signal, just opens; In the retaining zone, be provided with water level switch and float, on float, with magnet, when the close water level switch of magnet, water level switch produces signal and is sent to control and viewing area.
Described control and viewing area comprise control module and display unit, and described control module comprises the microcontroller with computing and storage capacity.
When 2 optical sensors were arranged, optical sensor was separately positioned on the both sides of culture flower pot.
Described retaining is provided with a plurality of water level switches from bottom to top in zone.Described a plurality of water level switch is successively set on vertical axes, and described float moves up and down along vertical axes with water level.
Described control line is embedded in the culture flower pot bottom.
Advantage of the present invention: by the monitoring to the main growing environment parameter of plant, and the parameter of monitoring and default parameter value are relatively judged, point out the grower to adopt corresponding treating method, replaced and traditional only can, for the plantation theory of plant watering, with the intelligent prompt user, adopt suitable processing method; Versatility of the present invention is good, and cost is low, and is simple to operation, improves the effect of plantation.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the some work flow chart of the embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with concrete drawings and Examples.
As shown in Figure 1, described intelligent earth culture plant growth culturing device, comprise culture flower pot 18, and described culture flower pot comprises to be controlled and viewing area 1, cultivates zone 2, retaining zone 3.Described control and viewing area 1 are positioned at culture flower pot 18 sides, and described retaining zone 3 is positioned at cultivates regional 2 belows, cultivate regional 2 bottoms infiltration funnel 4 is set, and are communicated to retaining zone 3.
The upper edge of described culture flower pot 18 is provided with optical sensor 5, and optical sensor 5 is connected to control and viewing area 1 by the wire 7 of being located in culture flower pot 18 sidewalls, and in figure, optical sensor 5 is separately positioned on the both sides of culture flower pot 18.
Described cultivation zone 2 interior temperature, humidity sensor 9 and the pH value sensors 8 of arranging, temperature, humidity sensor 9 and pH value sensor 8 are connected to control and viewing area 1 by the wire 10 that is sealed in water string.
3 bottoms, described retaining zone arrange normally closed draining valve 16, and described draining valve 16 is connected to and controls and viewing area 1 by control line, when receiving start signal, just opens; In retaining zone 3, be provided with water level switch and float 15, on float 15, with magnet 14, when magnet 14 close water level switch, water level switch produces signal and is sent to control and viewing area 1.
Described control and viewing area 1 comprise control module and display unit, and described control module comprises microcontroller and the peripheral circuit with computing and storage capacity, and described display unit, for display system parameter and monitored data, can adopt emitting led demonstration.
Before this intelligent earth culture plant growth culturing device planting plants, at first by manufacturer, the kind of planting plants is cured in the processor FLASH in control area, after system powers on, processor at first access arrangement initializes, and this step completes the configuration of processor chips and other chip functions pins.Step completes from FLASH and transfers the planting plants parameter to internal RAM, as PH higher limit, the PH lower limit in default pH value, intensity of illumination higher limit, the intensity of illumination lower limit of default illumination intensity value, temp. and humidity higher limit, the temp. and humidity lower limit of default temp. and humidity value, the judgement that then enters each monitoring parameter.
As shown in Figure 1, water level switch comprises high water level switch 11, middle water level switch 12, low-water level switch 13, by often opening tongue tube, forms, and tongue tube can make because of close magnet the two ends polarization, thereby realizes short circuit.3 water level switches are successively set on vertical axes 6, and float 15 moves up and down along vertical axes 6 with water level.Float 15 consists of compression foam, and magnet 14 is embedded on float 15.Described float 15 passes through different water level switches with the water level difference, when float 15 is in low-water level switch 13, magnet 14 causes the tongue tube short circuit of low-water level switch 13, signal is sent to be controlled and viewing area 1, be judged as lack of water this moment, the emitting led lack of water that provides of control and viewing area 1 is pointed out.When float 15 was in middle water level switch 12, magnet 14 caused the tongue tube short circuit of middle water level switch 12, and signal is sent to be controlled and viewing area 1, is judged as full water this moment, and the emitting led full water that provides of control and viewing area 1 is pointed out.When float 15 is in high water level switch 11, magnet 14 causes the tongue tube short circuit of high water level switch 11, signal is sent to be controlled and viewing area 1, be judged as water this moment, the emitting led of control and viewing area 1 shown to appearing water extraction, and by the control line 17 that is embedded in culture flower pot 18 bottoms, controls draining valves 16 and open.
As shown in Figure 2, be the some work flow chart of the embodiment of the present invention; Wherein, in the embodiment of the present invention, default pH value, preset temperature value, default humidity value, default illumination intensity value and default light application time value are all to determine according to the type of selected planting plants, different plants should arrange different parameter presets, to meet corresponding plant growth environment parameter, reach the purpose that improves plant growth environment.
During work, the P in soil H value that pH value sensor 8 detects to the controller input of controlling and viewing area 1 is interior, lighting detecting circuit is inputted the illumination intensity value of plant to the controller of controlling and viewing area 1 is interior, soil temperature, humidity sensor are to controller input soil temperature value and the humidity value controlled and viewing area 1 is interior.Whether the controller in control and the viewing area 1 at first pH value of interpretation detection surpasses default pH value, if surpass default pH value, judge whether to surpass default PH lower limit, if surpass default PH lower limit, enter and show acid the warning, if surpass the PH lower limit, enter and show the alkalescence warning.Control and viewing area 1 in emitting led meeting provide corresponding prompting, until the plantation people makes the pH value of soil and default pH value mate after by corresponding routine processes.
If when the pH value that detects and default pH value coupling, enter and judge whether light application time surpasses default light application time higher limit, if light application time surpasses preset upper limit value, whether the luminous intensity that enters the judgement detection surpasses default light intensity higher limit, if the luminous intensity that detects surpasses default light intensity higher limit, enter and show the light intensity alert program, if luminous intensity does not surpass default light intensity higher limit, enter next determining program.When light application time does not surpass the lower limit of default light application time, by the emitting led prompting grower in control and viewing area 1, need to supplement illumination.
When having judged that light application time enters, judge that whether soil temperature surpasses preset temperature higher limit, preset temperature lower limit, if the temperature that detects surpasses preset temperature higher limit, lowest temperature value, enters the displays temperature alert program.
If soil temperature does not surpass preset temperature higher limit, lower limit, enter the soil moisture determining step.If soil moisture surpasses default humidity value, judge whether soil moisture surpasses default top limit of humidity value, if soil moisture surpasses default top limit of humidity value, enter and show the humidity alarm program, and the opening water discharge valve, if soil moisture does not surpass default top limit of humidity value, directly return.
The present invention is by the monitoring to the main growing environment parameter of plant, and the parameter of monitoring and default parameter value are relatively judged, point out the grower to adopt corresponding treating method, replaced and traditional only can, for the plantation theory of plant watering, with the intelligent prompt user, adopt suitable processing method; The present invention is simple to operate, and versatility is good.

Claims (6)

1. intelligent earth culture plant growth culturing device, comprise culture flower pot (18), it is characterized in that, described culture flower pot (18) comprise control and viewing area (1), cultivate zone (2), retaining zone (3), described control and viewing area (1) are positioned at culture flower pot (18) side, described retaining zone (3) is positioned at cultivates below, zone (2), cultivates bottom, zone (2) infiltration funnel (4) is set, and is communicated to retaining zone (3); The upper edge of described culture flower pot (18) is provided with optical sensor (5), optical sensor (5) is wired to be controlled and viewing area (1), in described cultivation zone (2), temperature, humidity sensor (9) and pH value sensor (8) are set, temperature, humidity sensor (9) and pH value sensor (8) are wired to be controlled and viewing area (1); Bottom, described retaining zone (3) arranges normally closed draining valve (16), and described draining valve (16) is connected to and controls and viewing area (1) by control line, when receiving start signal, just opens; In retaining zone (3), be provided with water level switch and float (15), float (15) is upper with magnet (14), and when the close water level switch of magnet (14), water level switch produces signal and is sent to control and viewing area (1).
2. intelligent earth culture plant growth culturing device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described control and viewing area (1) comprises control module and display unit, and described control module comprises the microcontroller with computing and storage capacity.
3. intelligent earth culture plant growth culturing device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, when 2 optical sensors (5) were arranged, optical sensor (5) was separately positioned on the both sides of culture flower pot (18).
4. intelligent earth culture plant growth culturing device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, in described retaining zone (3), is provided with a plurality of water level switches from bottom to top.
5. intelligent earth culture plant growth culturing device as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that, it is upper that described a plurality of water level switches are successively set on vertical axes (6), and described float (15) moves up and down along vertical axes (6) with water level.
6. intelligent earth culture plant growth culturing device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described control line is embedded in culture flower pot (18) bottom.
CN2012103760801A 2012-09-28 2012-09-28 Intelligent growth and cultivation device for earth-cultivated plant Active CN102835273B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105145166A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-12-16 苏州拾向梦数字媒体有限公司 Novel intelligent tiny plant cultivation flowerpot for desktop placing decoration

Families Citing this family (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103053357A (en) * 2013-01-17 2013-04-24 李吉世 Intelligent flowerpot
AU2017201036A1 (en) * 2016-02-21 2017-09-14 Alcentri Pty. Ltd. Growing Systems
WO2018218458A1 (en) * 2017-05-27 2018-12-06 九尊城网络科技(深圳)有限公司 Automatic watering intelligent flowerpot system and using method
CN107550156B (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-10-12 宁波神乙草生物科技有限公司 A kind of foldable flowerpot rack
CN110235650B (en) * 2019-07-29 2021-06-22 兰石约言 Green curing means that plants in campus

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201094210Y (en) * 2007-08-22 2008-08-06 李春丽 Flower pot
CN101151958B (en) * 2007-10-18 2010-08-11 张俊岭 Growth basin having water storage device
CN202068803U (en) * 2011-05-27 2011-12-14 虞建忠 Novel flower watering device
CN202211019U (en) * 2011-09-01 2012-05-09 复旦大学附属中学 Flowerpot
CN202773533U (en) * 2012-09-28 2013-03-13 江苏物联网研究发展中心 Intelligent growth and cultivation device for soil cultivation plant

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105145166A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-12-16 苏州拾向梦数字媒体有限公司 Novel intelligent tiny plant cultivation flowerpot for desktop placing decoration

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