CN102820707B - Topological automatic identification system for distribution network - Google Patents

Topological automatic identification system for distribution network Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102820707B
CN102820707B CN201210304310.3A CN201210304310A CN102820707B CN 102820707 B CN102820707 B CN 102820707B CN 201210304310 A CN201210304310 A CN 201210304310A CN 102820707 B CN102820707 B CN 102820707B
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China
Prior art keywords
distribution
electronic tag
information
controller switching
switching equipment
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CN201210304310.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102820707A (en
Inventor
汤定阳
曾祥飞
罗宏管
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ZHUHAI JINGWEI ELECTRIC CO Ltd
State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Zhuhai XJ Electric Co Ltd
Original Assignee
ZHUHAI JINGWEI ELECTRIC CO Ltd
State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Zhuhai XJ Electric Co Ltd
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Publication of CN102820707A publication Critical patent/CN102820707A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/7853
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S40/00Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them
    • Y04S40/12Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment
    • Y04S40/126Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment using wireless data transmission

Abstract

The invention discloses a topological automatic identification system for a distribution network, wherein the distribution network is divided into different power distribution areas, the automatic identification system comprises an electronic tag for storing the power distribution equipment information, power distribution terminals which are fixedly arranged in each power distribution areas, and a power distribution master station which is in communication connection with the power distribution terminals in all the power distribution areas. The topological automatic identification system can be used for dynamically drawing the main electrical wiring diagram of the distribution network in an efficient, high quality and standardization manner, and accurately reflects the topological variation of the distribution network in real time.

Description

Distribution topology automatic identification system
Technical field
The present invention relates to distribution topology rendering technique, be specially a kind of distribution topology automatic identification system.
Background technology
Distribution network topological relation is the basis of realizing power distribution automation, in distribution network, the variation of controller switching equipment all can cause the change of distribution network topological relation, therefore in electrical power distribution automatization system, must ensure the effect that distribution network topology goes out electrical power distribution automatization system with the actual consistent competence exertion of distribution network structure.
Because operation and the reason such as design usually cause distribution network variation frequent, and the number of devices relating in distribution network is huge, and therefore the maintenance work of distribution system main wiring diagram is an effort, time-consuming work always.
The one of the following three kinds of modes of normal employing of present stage:
1, utilize the general drawing instruments such as AutoCAD to draw;
2, draw distribution network topology based on program code designed, designed electric power pel;
3, user safeguards position and the topological relation of each equipment voluntarily, then utilizes the inference mechanism of series of complex automatically to generate distribution network topology.
These modes all need artificial input, the processing bulk information of participating in, and can not reflect in time that variation, inefficiency, the cycle of field apparatus electrical wiring is long, usually do not catch up with on-the-spot actual variation, accuracy rate low.
Summary of the invention
For the problems referred to above, the invention provides a kind of distribution topology automatic identification system of automatically promptly and accurately following the tracks of the variation of distribution main electrical scheme, significantly promoting operating efficiency that realized, this system is huge for power industry safety detection management quantity, have a very wide distribution, textural classification complexity, upgrade and change large power equipment and have great using value.
The present invention for the technical scheme that its technical problem of solution adopts is:
Distribution topology automatic identification system, distribution is divided into different distribution regions, automatic recognition system comprises: for storing the electronic tag of controller switching equipment information, described controller switching equipment information comprises device numbering, device type and positional information, electronic tag is arranged on distribution net equipment, wherein the two ends of two-port electric component are separately installed with electronic tag, are distributed with electronic tag on bus; Be fixedly installed on the distribution terminal in each distribution region, in distribution terminal, be provided with wireless telecommunications system, distribution terminal connects with the electronic tag communication on the controller switching equipment comprising in corresponding distribution region by wireless telecommunications system, and the controller switching equipment information in this distribution region of distribution terminal online acquisition also generates this regional distribution network network topology information; For the distribution main website that is connected with the distribution terminal communication in all distribution region, the local distribution network topology information that described distribution main website uploads according to distribution terminal generates overall distribution network topology.
In this recognition system, the rule adopting when distribution terminal formation zone distribution network topology information is: the position of the electronic tag on two two-port electric components is less than the first preset distance apart, and the device type of two-port electric component is can interconnected type time, judges that the side ports that two-port electric component is installed by respective electronic label is connected; On bus, on the determined straight line of two adjacent electronic tags and other controller switching equipments, the distance of electronic tag is less than the second preset distance, and when the device type of this controller switching equipment is the type that can be connected with bus, judge that the side that this controller switching equipment is installed by respective electronic label is connected with bus.
Described the first preset distance and the second preset distance are 10cm.
Controller switching equipment information writes in electronic tag in advance, and positional information is real-time update amendment after writing electronic tag in advance.
In distribution main website, set up and have equipment information database, in equipment information database, store the information of device numbering and device type, distribution main website imports to the information of the device numbering of each equipment and device type in one hand-held set, and hand-held set writes this information and positional information scene in the electronic tag of controller switching equipment in advance.
In the wireless telecommunications system of controller switching equipment, be provided with GPS positioner, the positional information of electronic tag is carried out to real-time update amendment and time first carries out pre-determined bit by the GPS positioner in its distribution of living in region, then electronic tag by with at least three distribution regions on the GPS positioner communication of controller switching equipment accurately locate.
Described wireless telecommunications system is connected with electronic tag communication by wireless radio frequency mode.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, distribution terminal of the present invention carries out communication by wireless mode and electronic tag and is connected, do not need to increase extra physical connection, can work under adverse circumstances, automatically complete target without manual intervention and identify and obtain controller switching equipment information, solve in the past loaded down with trivial details infonnation collection process, farthest promoted operating efficiency;
2, the controller switching equipment information that distribution terminal is stored according to electronic tag can generate the distribution network topology information in this region automatically, distribution main website further generates overall distribution network topology based on regional distribution network network topology information, this generating mode can be realized timely following feedback field apparatus electrical connection and change, solution must be by the numerous and diverse problem of professional's manual drawing electric equipment connection layout design objective, on-site electrical equipment send facility information and topology information on changing initiatively, and operation and maintenance is all very convenient;
3, equipment is from normal operation input, recognition of devices and information gathering whole process realize unmanned intervention and can automatically complete, various operations all need not attendant be carried out to device context operation, have reduced workload, simultaneously for distribution reliability service provides reliable information support;
4, distribution main station system is realized more efficient equipment control in linearize, has solved the deficiency of conventional electric power asset management inefficiency, has reduced the difficulty of the electric power equipment management huge to quantity, has alleviated supervisory burden.
Brief description of the drawings
Be further detailed below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments:
Fig. 1 is the automatic recognition principle figure of an embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment
Distribution topology automatic identification system of the present invention, it is mainly used in the maintenance work of the main wiring diagram in distribution.
Distribution is divided into different distribution regions by this recognition system, and the division in distribution region is generally divided according to geographical position, and the controller switching equipment in whole distribution is attributed in different distribution regions according to geographical position after dividing.
System also configures a distribution main website, management and control centre that this distribution main website is whole system.
Electronic tag for storing controller switching equipment information is installed on controller switching equipment.
This controller switching equipment information comprises the key message for topology identification such as device numbering, device type, positional information, certainly can also comprise for information such as the device name of auxiliary equipment management use, specifications and models, manufacturer, maintenances, above-mentioned information can upload to carries out other senior application in distribution main website, such as equipment on-line management, electric equipment are antitheft etc.
Usually, electronic tag all has the unique coding UID in the whole world, and this coding UID can bind with the device numbering of electronic tag in use, and making device numbering is also global unique identification.
Controller switching equipment information is generally to write in advance in electronic tag by equipment.
Usually, in distribution main website, set up and have equipment information database, in equipment information database, store the information of device numbering, device type, can also store the information such as device name, specifications and models, manufacturer, maintenance.
Distribution main website imports to above-mentioned information in one hand-held set, and hand-held set writes above-mentioned information and positional information scene in the electronic tag of controller switching equipment in advance.
As previously mentioned, device numbering is the global unique identification of electronic tag, just immobilize, and device type, positional information etc. is identification key message automatically after writing in advance, can authorize a change, wherein positional information can be modified by the form of real-time update.
Auxiliary equipment management information can customize as equipment control, patrols and examines, safeguards that repairing provides reliable decision information, there are two kinds of amendment approach: the one, distribution main website Long-distance Control is upgraded change, and the 2nd, upgrade amendment by hand-held set to device context by attendant.
Controller switching equipment main in distribution network mainly comprises distribution transformer, bus, cable, switchgear etc., and wherein the controller switching equipment of other except bus is all the two-port electric component of one-in-and-one-out.
For These characteristics, electronic tag is generally separately installed with electronic tag in the two ends of two-port electric component in the time arranging, on bus, be distributed with electronic tag, its position can be determined in the position of two-port electric component two ends electronic tag, and the electronic tag that bus also can distribute above by it is determined the trend on its geographical position.
Determining behind the position of two-port electric component and bus, just can judge easily their annexation.
Each distribution is fixedly installed distribution terminal in region, and this distribution terminal is mainly used in gathering the controller switching equipment information of the controller switching equipment comprising in this distribution region, is connected with electronic tag communication.
Connect in order to realize communication, be provided with wireless telecommunications system in distribution terminal, it is preferably connected with electronic tag communication by wireless radio frequency mode, and less radio-frequency works in the ISM band of exempting from license, uses without application is free.
This wireless telecommunications system is installed on the position that can make its signal area coverage large as far as possible, and the electronic tag of all controller switching equipments in distribution region is all placed in the scope of antenna cover.
When work, the controller switching equipment information of all electronic tags in distribution terminal receiving area, after rule and validity check, automatically generate this regional distribution network network topology information, then this regional distribution network network topology information is delivered in distribution main website, the regional distribution network network topology information of distribution main website based on All Ranges generates overall distribution network topology.
In order to obtain the real-time position information of each electronic tag accurate, in the wireless telecommunications system of controller switching equipment, be provided with GPS positioner, when being carried out to real-time update amendment, the positional information of electronic tag first carries out pre-determined bit by the GPS positioner in its distribution of living in region, navigate within the scope of 20M, then electronic tag by with at least three distribution regions on the GPS positioner communication of controller switching equipment accurately locate, realize the position measurement of 5cm precision.
Detecting after the real-time position information of each electronic tag, distribution terminal just can be drawn distribution network topology automatically according to positional information and device type and certain rule.
With specific embodiment, drawing principle is specifically described below.
The rule adopting when distribution terminal formation zone distribution network topology information is: the position of the electronic tag on two two-port electric components is less than the first preset distance apart, and the device type of two-port electric component is can interconnected type time, judges that the side ports that two-port electric component is installed by respective electronic label is connected; On bus, on the determined straight line of two adjacent electronic tags and other controller switching equipments, the distance of electronic tag is less than the second preset distance, and when the device type of this controller switching equipment is the type that can be connected with bus, judge that the side that this controller switching equipment is installed by respective electronic label is connected with bus.
Be well known that, whether can connect between controller switching equipment limited by device type, such as switchgear can only stube cable, bus, distribution transformer stube cable etc.
The profile of considering 10kV controller switching equipment is all greater than 30cm, as long as just the numerical value that therefore above-mentioned the first preset distance and the second preset distance are set to be less than 30cm can meet judgement uses.
Preferably, the first preset distance and the second preset distance are 10cm.
With reference to Fig. 1, in this distribution region, included controller switching equipment comprises by electronic tag ID1-1 and the definite switch 1 of ID1-2, by electronic tag ID2-1 and the definite switch 2 of ID2-2, by electronic tag ID3-1 and the definite switch 3 of ID3-2, one section of bus being determined by electronic tag ID8-1 and ID8-2, by electronic tag ID5-1 and the definite cable of ID5-2, the long cable section of ingoing line port of being determined by electronic tag ID4-1, the cable outlet port of being determined by electronic tag ID6-2 and transformer one side ports of being determined by electronic tag ID7-1, other electronic tags ID4-2, ID6-1, ID7-2 is distributed in other distribution regions.
According to the positional information of above-mentioned electronic tag, can judge easily that electronic tag ID1-2 overlaps substantially with ID4-1, be that one end of switch 1 and the inlet wire port in left side are connected, and the air line distance of electronic tag ID1-1 and bus ID8-1 to ID8-2 section is less than preset distance, the other end of switch 1 is connected with this section of bus.
In like manner, the annexation of other controller switching equipments also can judge easily, just can automatically generate the network topology in this region based on above-mentioned annexation.
Can realize high efficiency, high-quality, standardization distribution electric main wiring diagram dynamic drafting based on said method the present invention, reflect in time, accurately distribution network change in topology.
Distribution main website can also generate equipment control form automatically, the personnel that arrange work are regular, fixed point is gone inspection device operation conditions, distribution main station system can real-time tracing staff to equipment routing inspection situation, avoid the situation that occurs that equipment is undetected, staff records maintenance information without manual master mode simultaneously, the maintenance information of updating the equipment on hand-held set simple operation, convenient management, plant maintenance Information preservation upgrades in time effectively, solve the requirement of the variation of the timely tracking equipment of distribution main station system, in the time of equipment generation operation exception, provide reliable information support according to facility information for rushing to repair decision-making.
Exceed before regulation working life when the length of service of equipment, distribution main station system can point out timely replacing this equipment.
When equipment is due to undesired reason None-identified, distribution main station system can be found alarm in time.

Claims (6)

1. distribution topology automatic identification system, is characterized in that distribution is divided into different distribution regions, and automatic recognition system comprises:
For storing the electronic tag of controller switching equipment information, described controller switching equipment information comprises device numbering, device type and positional information, electronic tag is arranged on distribution net equipment, and wherein the two ends of two-port electric component are separately installed with electronic tag, is distributed with electronic tag on bus;
Be fixedly installed on the distribution terminal in each distribution region, in distribution terminal, be provided with wireless telecommunications system, distribution terminal connects with the electronic tag communication on the controller switching equipment comprising in corresponding distribution region by wireless telecommunications system, and the controller switching equipment information in this distribution region of distribution terminal online acquisition also generates this regional distribution network network topology information;
For the distribution main website that is connected with the distribution terminal communication in all distribution region, the local distribution network topology information that described distribution main website uploads according to distribution terminal generates overall distribution network topology;
Wherein, the rule adopting when distribution terminal formation zone distribution network topology information is: the position of the electronic tag on two two-port electric components is less than the first preset distance apart, and the device type of two-port electric component is can interconnected type time, judges that the side ports that two-port electric component is installed by respective electronic label is connected; On bus, on the determined straight line of two adjacent electronic tags and other controller switching equipments, the distance of electronic tag is less than the second preset distance, and when the device type of this controller switching equipment is the type that can be connected with bus, judge that the side that this controller switching equipment is installed by respective electronic label is connected with bus.
2. distribution topology automatic identification system according to claim 1, is characterized in that described the first preset distance and the second preset distance are 10cm.
3. distribution topology automatic identification system according to claim 1, is characterized in that controller switching equipment information writes in electronic tag in advance, and positional information is real-time update amendment after writing electronic tag in advance.
4. distribution topology automatic identification system according to claim 3, it is characterized in that setting up and having equipment information database in distribution main website, in equipment information database, store the information of device numbering and device type, distribution main website imports to the information of the device numbering of each equipment and device type in one hand-held set, and hand-held set writes this information and positional information scene in the electronic tag of controller switching equipment in advance.
5. distribution topology automatic identification system according to claim 3, it is characterized in that being provided with GPS positioner in the wireless telecommunications system of controller switching equipment, the positional information of electronic tag is carried out to real-time update amendment and time first carries out pre-determined bit by the GPS positioner in its distribution of living in region, then electronic tag by with at least three distribution regions on the GPS positioner communication of controller switching equipment accurately locate.
6. distribution topology automatic identification system according to claim 1, is characterized in that described wireless telecommunications system is connected with electronic tag communication by wireless radio frequency mode.
CN201210304310.3A 2012-08-24 2012-08-24 Topological automatic identification system for distribution network Active CN102820707B (en)

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103280894B (en) * 2013-06-14 2015-03-25 山东理工大学 Power distribution network control application network topology automatic identifying method
CN104252328A (en) * 2013-06-26 2014-12-31 南京南瑞继保电气有限公司 Flexibly-configurable dynamic graph liquid crystal display method
CN103488892A (en) * 2013-09-23 2014-01-01 华北电力大学(保定) Electrical island fast tracking analysis method for serving novel wide-area backup protection
CN104882959B (en) * 2014-02-27 2018-08-31 国家电网公司 Power distribution network area management method and system
CN107666658A (en) * 2016-07-29 2018-02-06 伊姆西公司 Determine the physical location of electronic equipment

Citations (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102521672A (en) * 2011-12-01 2012-06-27 嘉兴电力局 Safety risk automatic recognition method based on network-distribution production operation plan

Patent Citations (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102521672A (en) * 2011-12-01 2012-06-27 嘉兴电力局 Safety risk automatic recognition method based on network-distribution production operation plan

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