CN102658374B - Two-box four-shaft multi-functional numerical control machine tool - Google Patents

Two-box four-shaft multi-functional numerical control machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102658374B
CN102658374B CN201210152149.2A CN201210152149A CN102658374B CN 102658374 B CN102658374 B CN 102658374B CN 201210152149 A CN201210152149 A CN 201210152149A CN 102658374 B CN102658374 B CN 102658374B
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main shaft
shaft
control machine
main
frame
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CN201210152149.2A
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CN102658374A (en
Inventor
郑世良
梅雪成
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HENGLI AUTOMOBILE PART AND BEARING CO Ltd NINGBO
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HENGLI AUTOMOBILE PART AND BEARING CO Ltd NINGBO
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Abstract

The invention provides a two-box four-shaft multi-functional numerical control machine tool, which belongs to the technical field of machinery and is used for solving the problems of low processing efficiency and low precision existing in most of the conventional lathes which are single-head or dual-head lathes. The two-box four-shaft multi-functional numerical control machine tool comprises a frame, wherein a workbench for accommodating a workpiece is arranged on the frame; a first machine base and a second machine base which are arranged in a laterally symmetrical way are arranged on the frame; a first main shaft and a third main shaft which are arranged in parallel are arranged on the first machine base; a second main shaft and a fourth main shaft which are arranged in parallel are arranged on the second machine base; and a control mechanism for controlling the leftward and rightward movement and horizontal forward and backward movement of the workbench is arranged on the frame. The two-box four-shaft multi-functional numerical control machine tool has the advantages of low cost and high working efficiency.

Description

A kind of two casees four shaft multifunctional Digit Control Machine Tools
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of mechanical technique, relate to a kind of Digit Control Machine Tool, particularly a kind of for processing two casees four shaft multifunctional Digit Control Machine Tools of coating airbrush.
Background technology
Existing lathe major part is single head lathe or double end lathe, and all need to carry out multi-faceted processing at actual central many parts, particularly some part (for example coating airbrush) need to repeatedly be processed on two planes of symmetry, if adopt current double end lathe, can only first process two machined surfaces, another two machined surfaces are processed Deng changing a double end lathe after processing, one is difficult to reach completely the specification requirement of part again, and two come operating efficiency low.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to have the problems referred to above for existing technology, proposed a kind of simple in structure, cost is low, operating efficiency is high two casees four shaft multifunctional Digit Control Machine Tools.
Object of the present invention can realize by following technical proposal: a kind of two casees four shaft multifunctional Digit Control Machine Tools, comprise frame, in described frame, be provided with the workbench for place work piece, it is characterized in that, the first support and the second support that are symmetrical set are installed in described frame, the first main shaft and the 3rd main shaft that be arranged in parallel are installed on the first described support, the second main shaft and the four main be arrangeding in parallel is installed on the second described support, the controlling organization that the control horizontal left and right displacement of workbench and level move forward and backward is installed in described frame.
In two casees above-mentioned four shaft multifunctional Digit Control Machine Tools, the first described main shaft and the second main shaft are on same axial line.
In two casees above-mentioned four shaft multifunctional Digit Control Machine Tools, the 3rd described main shaft and four main are on same axial line.
In two casees above-mentioned four shaft multifunctional Digit Control Machine Tools, described workbench is by cross slide and can forming by the longitudinal slide of longitudinal sliding motion on cross slide, described controlling organization comprises being fixed in frame, to control the first cylinder that cross slide slides and be fixed on cross slide controls the second cylinder that longitudinal slide slides, and has the guide rail of horizontally set and described cross slide and be arranged on guide rail in described frame.By the first cylinder, control cross slide laterally moves on rack rail, the working head place that thereby workpiece can be moved to opposite side from the working head of a side processes, the second cylinder is controlled longitudinal slide and is vertically moved walking crosswise on slide block, thereby the working head place that workpiece can be moved to rear side from the working head of front side processes.
In two casees above-mentioned four shaft multifunctional Digit Control Machine Tools, the first described main shaft and the 3rd main shaft are rotated by the first Electric Machine Control by belt.
In two casees above-mentioned four shaft multifunctional Digit Control Machine Tools, described the second main shaft and four main are rotated by the second Electric Machine Control by belt.By a driven by motor, be arranged on two main shafts on same support, both can reduce manufacturing cost, but also can alleviate the overall weight of equipment, can also guarantee the synchronism of these two main shafts simultaneously.
In two casees above-mentioned four shaft multifunctional Digit Control Machine Tools, on described longitudinal slide, be fixed with fixture, on described fixture, offer mounting groove and described workpiece is placed in mounting groove.Can play the effect of fastening workpiece and location like this, displacement while preventing from being operated in processing, assurance adds accuracy and the stability in man-hour.
In two casees above-mentioned four shaft multifunctional Digit Control Machine Tools, the spacing between the described working head that is arranged on two main shafts on same support is greater than the length of workpiece.Because the working head that is arranged on two main shafts on same support is by same driven by motor, like this when workpiece movable puts in place and only needs one of them working head to add man-hour to it, because workpiece is long, there will be another working head also in the situation that this workpiece is processed, therefore when using this lathe, the length of workpiece to be processed is less than the spacing between two working heads of the same side.
Compared with prior art, the present invention by being provided with symmetrical support in frame, each support is all provided with symmetrically arranged two each and every one main shafts, and two main shafts on a support provide power by same motor, workpiece clamped one time can complete whole processing, and guarantees to reach whole specification requirements, and production efficiency is enhanced about more than once than common unit, than double-end vehicle, also will improve more than 50%, operating efficiency is high, cost is low.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation at another visual angle of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of workbench length feed of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of workbench length feed of the present invention.
In figure, 1, frame; 2, workbench; 3, cross slide; 4, longitudinal slide; 5, the first support; 6, the second support; 7, the first main shaft; 8, the second main shaft; 9, the 3rd main shaft; 10, four main; 11, guide rail; 12, fixture; 13, mounting groove; 14, workpiece; 15, working head; 16, the first motor; 17, the second motor; 18, the first cylinder; 19, the second cylinder.
The specific embodiment
Be below specific embodiments of the invention by reference to the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention is further described, but the present invention be not limited to these embodiment.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, these two casees four shaft multifunctional Digit Control Machine Tools comprise frame 1, are provided with the workbench 2 for place work piece 14 in frame 1, and wherein workbench 2 is comprised of cross slide 3 and longitudinal slide 4 that can longitudinal sliding motion on cross slide 3.On longitudinal slide 4, be fixed with fixture 12, on fixture 12, offer mounting groove 13 and workpiece 14 and be placed in mounting groove 13, can play like this effect of fastening workpiece 14 and location, displacement while preventing from being operated in processing, assurance adds accuracy and the stability in man-hour.
The first support 5 and the second support 6 that are symmetrical set are installed in frame 1, the first main shaft 7 and the 3rd main shaft 9 that be arranged in parallel are installed on the first support 5, on the second support 6, be provided with and the first main shaft 7 and symmetrically arranged the second main shaft 8 and the four main 10 of the 3rd main shaft 9, that is to say, the first main shaft 7 and the second main shaft 8 are on same axial line, and the 3rd main shaft 9 and four main 10 are on same axial line.Main shaft be arranged in parallel and can reduce the whole height of lathe, but also can for those, need to process specially the workpiece 14 of side.The first main shaft 7 and the 3rd main shaft are controlled and are rotated by the first motor 16 by belt, the second main shaft 8 and four main are controlled and are rotated by the second motor 17 by belt, by a driven by motor, be arranged on two main shafts on same support, both can reduce manufacturing cost, but also can alleviate the overall weight of equipment, can also guarantee the synchronism of these two main shafts simultaneously.
Be arranged on the length that spacing between the working head 15 of two main shafts on same support is greater than workpiece 14, because the working head 15 that is arranged on two main shafts on same support is by same driven by motor, like this when workpiece 14 moves into place and only needs one of them working head 15 to add man-hour to it, because workpiece 14 is long, there will be another working head 15 also in the situation that this workpiece 14 is processed, therefore when using this lathe, the length of workpiece 14 to be processed is less than the spacing between two working heads 15 of the same side.
The controlling organization that the control horizontal left and right displacement of workbench 2 and level move forward and backward is installed in frame 1, controlling organization comprises being fixed in frame 1, to control the first cylinder 18 that cross slide 3 slides and be fixed on cross slide 3 controls the second cylinder 19 that longitudinal slide 4 slides, and guide rail 11 and the cross slide 3 in frame 1 with horizontally set are arranged on guide rail 11.By the first cylinder 18, control cross slides 3 and laterally move on frame 1 guide rail 11, thereby working head 15 places that workpiece 14 can be moved to opposite side from the working head 15 of a side process.The second cylinder 19 is controlled longitudinal slides 4 and is vertically moved walking crosswise on slide block, thereby working head 15 places that workpiece 14 can be moved to rear side from the working head 15 of front side process.
While using this machine tooling coating airbrush, first workpiece 14 is placed in the mounting groove 13 on fixture 12, and four different working heads 15 are placed into respectively on four main shafts; Then motor is opened, and workbench 2 first moves to the first main shaft 7 working head 15 places and processes under the drive of the first cylinder 18; After machining, under the drive of the first cylinder 18, oppositely move to the second main shaft 8 working head 15 places and process; Drive lower table 2 at the first cylinder 18 after processing is first back to centre position, then longitudinal slide 4 starts to slide on cross slide 3 under the drive of the second cylinder 19; The second cylinder 19 quits work when the 3rd main shaft 9 working heads 15 are on same axial line Deng to be processed of workpiece 14, and the first cylinder 18 is started working and driven cross slide 3 to make workpiece 14 move to processing stand place; After machining, oppositely move to four main 10 working head 15 places and process under the drive of the first cylinder 18, now workpiece 14 can complete whole processing.
This Machinetool workpiece 14 clamped one times can complete whole processing, and guarantee to reach whole specification requirements, and production efficiency is enhanced about more than once than common unit, than double-end vehicle, also will improve more than 50%.
In the present embodiment, the startup of cylinder and motor and running are all controlled by the switch board based on PLC.
Specific embodiment described herein is only to the explanation for example of the present invention's spirit.Those skilled in the art can make various modifications or supplement or adopt similar mode to substitute described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present invention or surmount the defined scope of appended claims.

Claims (6)

1. two casees four shaft multifunctional Digit Control Machine Tools, comprise frame (1), in described frame (1), be provided with the workbench (2) for place work piece (14), it is characterized in that, the first support (5) and the second support (6) that are symmetrical set are installed in described frame (1), the first main shaft (7) and the 3rd main shaft (9) that be arranged in parallel are installed on described the first support (5), the second main shaft (8) and the four main (10) be arrangeding in parallel is installed on described the second support (6), the controlling organization that the control horizontal left and right displacement of workbench (2) and level move forward and backward is installed in described frame (1), the 3rd main shaft (9) and four main (10) are on same axial line, described workbench (2) is by cross slide (3) and can form at the longitudinal slide (4) of the upper longitudinal sliding motion of cross slide (3), described controlling organization comprises being fixed on first cylinder (18) of frame (1) upper control cross slide (3) slip and being fixed on cross slide (3) above controls the second cylinder (19) that longitudinal slide (4) slides, in described frame (1), having the guide rail (11) of horizontally set and described cross slide (3) is arranged on guide rail (11).
2. two casees four shaft multifunctional Digit Control Machine Tools according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described the first main shaft (7) and the second main shaft (8) are on same axial line.
3. two casees four shaft multifunctional Digit Control Machine Tools according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described the first main shaft (7) and the 3rd main shaft are controlled and rotated by the first motor (16) by belt.
4. two casees four shaft multifunctional Digit Control Machine Tools according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described the second main shaft (8) and four main are controlled and rotated by the second motor (17) by belt.
5. two casees four shaft multifunctional Digit Control Machine Tools according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, on described longitudinal slide (4), be fixed with fixture (12), on described fixture (12), offer mounting groove (13) and described workpiece (14) is placed in mounting groove (13).
6. two casees four shaft multifunctional Digit Control Machine Tools according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, the spacing between the described working head that is arranged on two main shafts on same support (15) is greater than the length of workpiece (14).
CN201210152149.2A 2012-05-11 2012-05-11 Two-box four-shaft multi-functional numerical control machine tool Active CN102658374B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102935613B (en) * 2012-12-07 2015-01-14 杨仕飞 Dual-station magnetic core cutting machine
CN109926598A (en) * 2017-12-15 2019-06-25 叶文中 Has the comb formula lathe of multiple processing efficiency
CN108436107B (en) * 2018-01-30 2019-12-27 长沙航空职业技术学院 Four-axis precision lathe
CN114227256A (en) * 2021-12-15 2022-03-25 杭州蕙勒智能科技有限公司 Double-station four-axis numerical control machine tool optical machine

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2735120A1 (en) * 1977-08-04 1979-02-15 Heyligenstaedt & Co NC lathe with four parallel tool spindles - has automatic sequence for releasing, rotating and relocking tool holders
DE3829857A1 (en) * 1988-09-02 1990-03-15 Gildemeister Ag LATHE WITH AXIAL LOCAL WORKPIECE SPINDLES
JP3162936B2 (en) * 1995-01-27 2001-05-08 オークマ株式会社 Edge position correction device for rotary tools
CN202079284U (en) * 2011-06-17 2011-12-21 津上精密机床(浙江)有限公司 Precise numerical control machine with built-in electrical main shafts at back surfaces of four shafts
CN202079282U (en) * 2011-06-17 2011-12-21 津上精密机床(浙江)有限公司 High-precision four-axis combined machining numerical control machine tool
CN202622278U (en) * 2012-03-29 2012-12-26 诸召发 Numerical control machine tool with four shaft units
CN102581588A (en) * 2012-03-29 2012-07-18 诸召发 Numerical control machine tool with four spindle units
CN202621921U (en) * 2012-05-11 2012-12-26 宁波恒力汽配轴承有限公司 Multifunctional two-box and four-shaft numerical control machine tool

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