CN102636025B - Biomass high-efficiency energy-saving furnace - Google Patents

Biomass high-efficiency energy-saving furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102636025B
CN102636025B CN201210140151.8A CN201210140151A CN102636025B CN 102636025 B CN102636025 B CN 102636025B CN 201210140151 A CN201210140151 A CN 201210140151A CN 102636025 B CN102636025 B CN 102636025B
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China
Prior art keywords
biomass
heat insulation
temperature resistant
temperature
efficiency energy
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CN201210140151.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102636025A (en
Inventor
梁刚
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梁刚
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/10Production of cement, e.g. improving or optimising the production methods; Cement grinding
    • Y02P40/125Fuels from renewable energy sources, e.g. waste or biomass

Abstract

The invention discloses a biomass high-efficiency energy-saving furnace, which is used for smelting metal materials capable of being molten below 1000 DEG C and preserving heat. A combustion furnace (1) is provided with a high temperature resistance and heat insulating layer (4), a hearth (2) for the biomass particles combustion is formed by surrounding the inner wall of the high temperature resistance and heat insulating layer (4), a crucible (3) is embedded in the hearth (2), and the top part of the crucible (3) is provided with a mounting part clamped in the top part of the high temperature resistance and heat insulating layer (4). According to the biomass high-efficiency energy-saving furnace provided by the invention, the crucible is directly arranged together with the combustion furnace, and a heat preservation layer is arranged, thus the heat energy is prevented from wasting, the combustion efficiency is better utilized, higher temperature is provided, and better heat preservation effect can be realized.

Description

A kind of biomass high-efficiency energy-saving stove
Technical field
The present invention relates to biomass combustion furnace technical field, particularly a kind of biomass high-efficiency energy-saving stove.
Background technology
Biomass combustion furnace adopts biomass molding fuel (wood fragments bavin, fuel wood, stalk, corncob, various shell and various biomass block etc.), blows by blower fan, has realized the controlled of furnace temperature and intake, makes fuel fully gasification and burning in burner hearth.
The structure that traditional biomass combustion furnace adopts pan-furnace to separate, does not reach higher temperature, is particularly used for melting metal; On the other hand, burning flue dust later also can be to environment.
Therefore, how to provide a kind of energy-efficient biomass combustion furnace, improve its burning usefulness, become those skilled in the art's important technological problems urgently to be resolved hurrily.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the invention provides a kind of biomass high-efficiency energy-saving stove, improved burning usefulness.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of biomass high-efficiency energy-saving stove, for melting and the insulation of 1000 ℃ of following metal materials that can melt, in combustion furnace, be provided with high temperature resistant heat insulation layer, the inwall of described high temperature resistant heat insulation layer surrounds the burner hearth for biological particles burning, and crucible is embedded in described burner hearth, the top of described crucible has the installation portion for being fastened on described high temperature resistant heat insulation layer top.
Preferably, described high temperature resistant heat insulation layer is the high temperature resistant heat insulation layer that adopts high temperature resistant cement to manufacture.
Preferably, between described high temperature resistant heat insulation layer and the shell of described combustion furnace, be also provided with thermal insulation separation thermosphere.
Preferably, described thermal insulation separation thermosphere is the thermal insulation separation thermosphere that uses heat insulation foam to fill.
Preferably, the upper inside wall of described high temperature resistant heat insulation layer offers the annular recess coordinating with described crucible, forms the belt flue passing through for combustion product gases.
Preferably, between the smokejack of described combustion furnace and chimney, be connected with cyclone dust collectors.
Preferably, on the outer surface of described cyclone dust collectors, be coated with wind cooling temperature lowering layer, one end of described wind cooling temperature lowering layer is communicated with air-cooled air inlet, the other end is communicated in and is set in described chimney high-temperature exhaust air passage around, and row's high temperature air mouth of described high-temperature exhaust air passage is communicated in the grate of described combustion furnace bottom.
Can find out from above-mentioned technical scheme, biomass high-efficiency energy-saving stove provided by the invention, directly crucible and combustion furnace are set together, and set up insulating, effectively stop the loss in vain of heat, better utilize burning usefulness, higher temperature can be provided, there is good heat insulation effect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, to the accompanying drawing of required use in embodiment or description of the Prior Art be briefly described below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skills, do not paying under the prerequisite of creative work, can also obtain according to these accompanying drawings other accompanying drawing.
The structural representation that Fig. 1 provides for the embodiment of the present invention.
Wherein: 1 is combustion furnace, 2 is burner hearth, and 3 is crucible, and 4 is high temperature resistant heat insulation layer, 5 is thermal insulation separation thermosphere, and 6 is ring-shaped flue, and 7 is feed bin, and 8 is conveying worm, 9 is cold air air inlet, and 10 is ash basin, and 11 is grate, 12 is smokejack, and 13 is chimney, and 14 is cyclone dust collectors, 15 is wind cooling temperature lowering layer, and 16 is air-cooled row's high temperature air mouth, and 17 is scarfing cinder water, 18 is air inlet, and 19 is high temperature air, and 20 is high-temperature air combustion promoter mouth.
The specific embodiment
The invention discloses a kind of biomass high-efficiency energy-saving stove, improved burning usefulness.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is only the present invention's part embodiment, rather than whole embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skills, not making the every other embodiment obtaining under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Refer to Fig. 1, the biomass high-efficiency energy-saving stove that the embodiment of the present invention provides, for melting and the insulation of 1000 ℃ of following metal materials that can melt, its core inventive point is, in combustion furnace 1, be provided with high temperature resistant heat insulation layer 4, the inwall of high temperature resistant heat insulation layer 4 surrounds the burner hearth 2 for biological particles burning, and crucible 3 is embedded in burner hearth 2, the top of crucible 3 has the installation portion for being fastened on high temperature resistant heat insulation layer 4 top, can directly crucible 3 vertically be put into combustion furnace 1 from top, both combinations are realized, the biomass combustion furnace separating with respect to traditional pan-furnace, improve burning usefulness.
Compared with prior art, the biomass high-efficiency energy-saving stove that the embodiment of the present invention provides, directly crucible and combustion furnace are set together, and set up insulating, effectively stop the loss in vain of heat, better utilize burning usefulness, higher temperature can be provided, there is good heat insulation effect.
As preferably, the high temperature resistant heat insulation layer of high temperature resistant heat insulation layer 4 for adopting high temperature resistant cement to manufacture, adopts the form of castable and refractory brick combination conventionally, has fire-resistant characteristic, can play good thermal insulation function, has also guaranteed the security of device.
In order further to improve the effect of heat-insulation and heat-preservation, between high temperature resistant heat insulation layer 4 and the shell of combustion furnace 1, be also provided with thermal insulation separation thermosphere 5.
Concrete, the thermal insulation separation thermosphere of thermal insulation separation thermosphere 5 for using heat insulation foam to fill.Certainly, material that can heat-insulation and heat-preservation is a variety of in addition, such as foamed plastics or vacuum insulation panel etc., can select different materials according to actual user demand, and effect is identical, does not repeat them here.
The biomass high-efficiency energy-saving stove that the embodiment of the present invention provides, the upper inside wall of high temperature resistant heat insulation layer 4 offers the annular recess coordinating with crucible 3, form the belt flue 6 passing through for combustion product gases, can make the combustion product gases can be in the burner hearth stop of 2 interior longer times, and make even flame distribution rings around crucible 3, it is better heated.
As preferably, between the smokejack 12 of combustion furnace 1 and chimney 13, be connected with cyclone dust collectors 14, for removing the flue dust of combustion tail gas, and drained by the scarfing cinder water of bottom, reduce pollution.
In order further to optimize above-mentioned technical scheme, on the outer surface of cyclone dust collectors 14, be coated with wind cooling temperature lowering layer 15, one end of wind cooling temperature lowering layer 15 is communicated with air-cooled air inlet 18, the other end is communicated in and is set in chimney 13 high-temperature exhaust air passage around, and row's high temperature air mouth 16 of high-temperature exhaust air passage is communicated in the grate 11 of combustion furnace 1 bottom.Reclaim by the waste heat to combustion tail gas, turn back to and in combustion furnace 1, carry out auxiliary heating, and more fresh airs of taking, thereby reach combustion-supporting effect.
In sum, according to the present invention above the biomass high-efficiency energy-saving stove that provides of embodiment, its course of work is as follows:
Biomass fuel starts in the time of the interior burning of burner hearth 2, conveying worm 8 fuel is slowly sent in burner hearth 2 at the uniform velocity.Cold air enters in cool air inlet 9 simultaneously, is accompanied by fuel and enters together, prevents tempering.Burned flame is at the interior generation high temperature of burner hearth 2, directly heating crucible 3, and flame rises to the flue place 6 of going in ring, and even flame distribution rings is around crucible 3 when going in ring flue 6.Finally enter cyclone dust collectors 14 by smokejack 12, (cold air enters air-cooled air inlet 18 simultaneously, becomes combustion air in wind cooling temperature lowering layer 15 below taking high temperature suffered cyclone dust collectors 14 to grate 11 by row's high temperature air mouth 16) cyclone dust collectors 14 carry out in dedusting, purified gas being discharged from chimney 13 to flue dust.
In this description, each embodiment adopts the mode of going forward one by one to describe, and what each embodiment stressed is and the difference of other embodiment, between each embodiment identical similar part mutually referring to.
To the above-mentioned explanation of the disclosed embodiments, make professional and technical personnel in the field can realize or use the present invention.To be apparent for those skilled in the art to the multiple modification of these embodiment, General Principle as defined herein can, in the situation that not departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention, realize in other embodiments.Therefore, the present invention will can not be restricted to these embodiment shown in this article, but will meet the widest scope consistent with principle disclosed herein and features of novelty.

Claims (6)

1. a biomass high-efficiency energy-saving stove, for melting and the insulation of 1000 ℃ of following metal materials that can melt, it is characterized in that, in combustion furnace (1), be provided with high temperature resistant heat insulation layer (4), the inwall of described high temperature resistant heat insulation layer (4) surrounds the burner hearth (2) for biological particles burning, fuel can be sent in described burner hearth (2) by inside spin conveyer (8), and cold air can be accompanied by fuel by cool air inlet (9) and enter together in described burner hearth (2); And crucible (3) is embedded in described burner hearth (2), and the top of described crucible (3) has the installation portion for being fastened on described high temperature resistant heat insulation layer (4) top; The upper inside wall of described high temperature resistant heat insulation layer (4) offers the annular recess coordinating with described crucible (3), forms the belt flue (6) passing through for combustion product gases.
2. biomass high-efficiency energy-saving stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the high temperature resistant heat insulation layer of described high temperature resistant heat insulation layer (4) for adopting high temperature resistant cement to manufacture.
3. biomass high-efficiency energy-saving stove according to claim 2, is characterized in that, between described high temperature resistant heat insulation layer (4) and the shell of described combustion furnace (1), is also provided with thermal insulation separation thermosphere (5).
4. biomass high-efficiency energy-saving stove according to claim 3, is characterized in that, the thermal insulation separation thermosphere of described thermal insulation separation thermosphere (5) for using heat insulation foam to fill.
5. biomass high-efficiency energy-saving stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that, between the smokejack (12) of described combustion furnace (1) and chimney (13), is connected with cyclone dust collectors (14).
6. biomass high-efficiency energy-saving stove according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, on the outer surface of described cyclone dust collectors (14), be coated with wind cooling temperature lowering layer (15), one end of described wind cooling temperature lowering layer (15) is communicated with air-cooled air inlet (18), the other end is communicated in and is set in described chimney (13) high-temperature exhaust air passage around, and row's high temperature air mouth (16) of described high-temperature exhaust air passage is communicated in the grate (11) of described combustion furnace (1) bottom.
CN201210140151.8A 2012-05-08 2012-05-08 Biomass high-efficiency energy-saving furnace CN102636025B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN102636025B true CN102636025B (en) 2014-06-25

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103047857B (en) * 2012-12-21 2015-02-18 涂其德 Biomass smelting furnace
CN103994658B (en) * 2014-05-15 2016-03-16 宁海易龙新能源有限公司 Biomass fuel melts aluminium stove
CN104101210B (en) * 2014-07-29 2016-01-27 苏州新协力环保科技有限公司 There is the living beings smelting furnace of toroidal combustion chamber
CN109185903A (en) * 2018-09-26 2019-01-11 吕晓阳 A kind of biological particles burning recycling furnace

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2043332U (en) * 1988-09-28 1989-08-23 辽宁省本溪市电力冶金研究所 Medium and small sized energy saving ore heating furnace
CN201421249Y (en) * 2009-06-17 2010-03-10 宁波市镇海海德工业炉有限公司 Non-ferrous metal smelting furnace
CN201916922U (en) * 2010-09-27 2011-08-03 广东金亿合金制品有限公司 Preheating device for combustion air of smelting furnace

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3274902B2 (en) * 1993-03-05 2002-04-15 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Aluminum melting and holding furnace
CN2828699Y (en) * 2005-10-10 2006-10-18 金柏林 Energy-saving aluminium melting furnace
CN101586911A (en) * 2009-06-17 2009-11-25 宁波市镇海海德工业炉有限公司 Nonferrous metal smelting furnace
CN202630671U (en) * 2012-05-08 2012-12-26 梁刚 Efficient and energy-saving biomass furnace

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2043332U (en) * 1988-09-28 1989-08-23 辽宁省本溪市电力冶金研究所 Medium and small sized energy saving ore heating furnace
CN201421249Y (en) * 2009-06-17 2010-03-10 宁波市镇海海德工业炉有限公司 Non-ferrous metal smelting furnace
CN201916922U (en) * 2010-09-27 2011-08-03 广东金亿合金制品有限公司 Preheating device for combustion air of smelting furnace

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Effective date of registration: 20151228

Address after: The two South Industrial Park Economic Development Zone 638500 Guang'an city of Sichuan province Linshui County

Patentee after: Sichuan Yonggang Machinery Co., Ltd.

Address before: 400030 No. 237 cave Road, Geleshan Town, Shapingba District, Chongqing

Patentee before: Liang Gang

Effective date of registration: 20151228

Address after: The two South Industrial Park Economic Development Zone 638500 Guang'an city of Sichuan province Linshui County

Patentee after: Sichuan Yonggang Machinery Co., Ltd.

Address before: 400030 No. 237 cave Road, Geleshan Town, Shapingba District, Chongqing

Patentee before: Liang Gang

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