CN102635499B - Rotational speed and torque control device and method of wind turbine generator set - Google Patents

Rotational speed and torque control device and method of wind turbine generator set Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102635499B
CN102635499B CN201210114448.7A CN201210114448A CN102635499B CN 102635499 B CN102635499 B CN 102635499B CN 201210114448 A CN201210114448 A CN 201210114448A CN 102635499 B CN102635499 B CN 102635499B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
torque
control
speed
generator
rotational speed
Prior art date
Application number
CN201210114448.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102635499A (en
Inventor
杨微
陶友传
刘杰
闫中杰
刘亚林
Original Assignee
中船重工(重庆)海装风电设备有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中船重工(重庆)海装风电设备有限公司 filed Critical 中船重工(重庆)海装风电设备有限公司
Priority to CN201210114448.7A priority Critical patent/CN102635499B/en
Publication of CN102635499A publication Critical patent/CN102635499A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102635499B publication Critical patent/CN102635499B/en

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction

Abstract

The invention discloses a rotational speed and torque control method of a wind turbine generator set. Under the situation that the measured rotational speed of a power generator is higher than the rated rotational speed and the measured power exceeds the rated power, the torque is switched from a PI (proportional-integral) control way to a constant power control way; under the situation that the pitch angle is smaller than the optimal pitch angle and the measured rotational speed is lowered below the rated rotational speed, the toque is converted from the constant power control way to the PI control way; and the pitch angle is controlled in a PI control parameter non-linear adjustment way, and the pitch control is in an activated state within the whole normal working rotational speed range. According to the rotational speed and torque control method of the wind turbine generator set provided by the invention, the problem of greater fluctuation in the rotational speed caused by desynchrony of the two types of control can be avoided by changing control target points of two controllers in a transition region, the transition region is improved from the original points to a curve, the flexible switching of the control states is easier to realize, and the stability in operation of the unit and the power output of the unit can be ensured.

Description

A kind of wind power generating set rotational speed and torque control gear and method

Technical field

The present invention relates to control technology on wind electricity generation unit field, particularly a kind of wind power generating set rotational speed and torque control gear and method.

Background technique

When the control program of speed-changing oar-changing wind power generating set is low wind speed at present, adopt MPPT maximum power point tracking to control to obtain maximal wind-energy, during high wind speed, adopt change oar to control restriction wind energy and absorb to keep power invariability.Method shown in the more employing Fig. 1 of concrete enforcement.In figure, tri-sections of AB-BC-CD are the following rotational speed and torque relation curve of generator rating power, and the corresponding generator of A point reaches minimum grid-connected rotation speed n 1, DE section is for reaching rotational speed and torque relation curve after generator rating power, the corresponding rated power P of D point r, corresponding generator speed is rated speed n r.Wherein: AB section and CD section adopt pid control mode adjustment generator torque to make generator speed keep constant, and BC section adopts the best Cp control mode of tracking to adjust generator torque; DE section adopts permanent torque control mode to keep generator torque at rating value, calculates the mode that PI controls parameter (shown in Fig. 2) simultaneously regulate propeller pitch angle to make generator speed constant in rated speed by linear interpolation, thereby obtain firm power, exports.

This kind of mode can make wind power generating set with lower area, obtain maximal wind-energy at rated power to greatest extent in best Cp control zone, but also have the following disadvantages: 1) control of CD section and DE section conversion is at rated power point D, lack corresponding transition zone, because nature wind regime all exists with turbulence state, when wind speed rated wind speed up and down fluctuation can make torque and become oar to control frequent switching, owing to becoming oar control response speed, lag behind torque control, control the asynchronous rotating speeds that cause at n for two kinds rthere is up and down larger fluctuation, thereby cause the impact to unit; 2) generated output power is the product of rotating speed and torque, impact due to turbulent wind, in DE section, become oar and control and can not maintain rotating speed completely at rating value, at this section, adopt permanent torque to control and will cause output power to change with generator speed, and reduce generated output quality; 3) mode that DE section adopts linear interpolation to calculate change oar PI controller parameter value can not effectively reflect the nonlinear aerodynamic characteristic of fan blade, thereby reduced, become the followability that oar action changes with wind speed, cause the fluctuation of speed of DE section larger, even occur that the unfavorable situations such as hypervelocity overload occur.

China Patent Publication No. CN101660489A discloses " a kind of megawatt wind generating set combination control policy ", this kind of control mode guarantees in synchronization torque processed and becomes oar control to only have a job, when wind speed variation is milder, can alleviate to a certain extent two kinds of frequent shortcomings of switching of controller in above-mentioned basic control scheme.But Megawatt fan wind wheel has larger inertia, when blower fan is worked below rated power point, wind speed sharply changes, cause that wind wheel accelerates to rise, because unit operation becomes oar when above to rated point, control and just devote oneself to work, add the impact that becomes oar response lag, this kind of control mode easily causes rotating speed and power to occur larger fluctuation, can cause the impact to unit equally.

Therefore, how a kind of wind power generating set rotational speed and torque controlling method is provided, realize near the torque of rated power and control and become the control of oar control flexible transition, guarantee the stability of unit operation and power stage thereof, become those skilled in the art's important technological problems urgently to be resolved hurrily.

Summary of the invention

In view of this, first goal of the invention of the present invention is to provide a kind of wind power generating set rotational speed and torque controlling method, realizes near the torque of rated power and controls and become the control of oar control flexible transition, guarantees the stability of unit operation and power stage thereof.

On the basis of above-mentioned wind power generating set rotational speed and torque controlling method, the present invention also provides a kind of wind power generating set rotational speed and torque control gear.

For achieving the above object, the invention provides following technological scheme:

A rotational speed and torque controlling method, is greater than rated speed at the measurement rotating speed of motor, and measures power and surpass in the situation of rated power, and torque is transformed into permanent power control mode by PI control mode; At change propeller angle, be less than the best propeller angle that becomes, and measure rotating speed and be down in the situation under rated speed, torque is transformed into PI control mode by permanent power control mode; Adopt PI to control parametrical nonlinearity adjustment mode and control change propeller angle, and in whole normal operation speed range, become oar control all in state of activation.

Preferably, get the intermediate speed n of generator i/IIbetween the grid-connected rotation speed n of minimum 1with rated speed n rbetween, establish the measurement rotational speed omega of generator between the grid-connected rotation speed n of minimum 1with intermediate speed n i/IIbetween time situation under be interval I, measure rotational speed omega rotation speed n between i/IIwith rated speed n rbetween situation under be interval II, measuring in the situation that rotating speed is greater than rated speed is interval III;

In interval I, torque controller arranges generator reference rotation velocity and is: ω n=n 1, maximum Cp is set simultaneously and follows the tracks of torque as limits value T lim, when torque controller output, y is greater than T limtime, torque limit is at y=T lim; In interval II, torque controller arranges generator reference rotation velocity and is: ω n=n r, maximum Cp is set simultaneously and follows the tracks of torque as limits value T lim, when torque controller output, y is less than T limtime, torque limit is at y=T lim;

Torque PI controller representation: y=y *+ K p-torque(x-x *the K of)+(dT/2) i-torque(x+x *), x=ω-ω n

Wherein: y is output torque, and x is input speed deviation, K p-torquefor torque controller proportional gain, K i-torquefor torque controller storage gain, dT is time step, and ω is generator measurement rotating speed, ω nfor generator reference rotation velocity, symbol (*) represents each parameter respective value of a time point.

Preferably, in interval I, become oar controller and generator reference rotation velocity is set into ω n=n 2, transition rotation speed n 2span be 1.01~1.02 times of rated speed n r; In interval II, become oar controller and generator reference rotation velocity is set into ω n=n 2; In interval III, become oar controller and generator reference rotation velocity is set into ω n=n r;

Become oar and control employing PI control parametrical nonlinearity adjustment mode, its representation is: y=y *+ K p-pitchg (φ) (x-x *the K of)+(dT/2) i-pitchg (φ) (x+x *), x=ω-ω nthis is wherein: y becomes propeller angle for output, and x is input speed deviation, K p-pitchfor becoming the proportional gain of oar controller, K i-pitchfor becoming oar controller storage gain, dT is time step, and G is nonlinear Control parametric gain, and φ is for becoming propeller angle, ω ngenerator reference rotation velocity, symbol (*) represents each parameter respective value of a time point.

Preferably, intermediate speed n i/IIvalue size is specially minimum grid-connected rotation speed n 1with rated speed n rmean value.

A rotational speed and torque control gear, comprising:

Torque PI control module, for adopting PI control mode to adjust torque;

The permanent power control module of torque, for adopting permanent power control mode to adjust torque;

Become oar non-linearity PI control module, for adopting PI to control parametrical nonlinearity mode, adjust change propeller angle.

Preferably, also comprise region decision module, for judging the interval of current unit operation, according to different traffic coverages, select different torques to control reference rotation velocity and become oar to control reference rotation velocity.

From above-mentioned technological scheme, can find out, a kind of wind power generating set rotational speed and torque controlling method provided by the invention, in the II of setting area, become oar control rotating speed of target and be greater than torque control rotating speed of target, unit is increased with wind speed, generator speed is greater than rated speed, and while also not reaching rated power, torque still adopts PI to control, control change propeller angle and still can remain best angle according to rotation speed change, by changing two controllers at the control impact point of transition region, can avoid two kinds to control the asynchronous rotating speed that causes in the problem that larger fluctuation occurs up and down, transition region is changed to the curve after improvement by original point, the flexibility that more easily realizes state of a control is switched.Simultaneously, owing to not becoming the switch restriction of oar control, in whole normal operation speed range, become oar and control all in state of activation, transition zone between II, III, when wind speed changes steadily and generator speed is less than transition rotary speed area and makes to become propeller angle and remain at best angle; When wind speed occurs sharply to change, become oar control and can participate in advance controlling, control and coordinate rotating speed with torque, reduce the fluctuation of rotating speed in this region.

Meanwhile, unit adopts permanent power control mode controlling torque after reaching rated power, makes torque setting value rise and decline with generator speed, and with generator speed, decline and rise, thus the stability of guaranteed output output.

In addition, according to the adjustment of blade Nonlinear aerodynamics, become oar PI and control parameter, can strengthen the adaptability that becomes oar control and blade aerodynamic characteristic, improve and become the followability that oar action changes with wind speed, improve the stability of unit operation, reduce to control by becoming oar the fluctuation of speed causing, reduce the dynamic load of unit.

The present invention also provides a kind of wind power generating set rotational speed and torque control gear of having applied above-mentioned controlling method.

Accompanying drawing explanation

In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the present invention or technological scheme of the prior art, to the accompanying drawing of required use in embodiment or description of the Prior Art be briefly described below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skills, do not paying under the prerequisite of creative work, can also obtain according to these accompanying drawings other accompanying drawing.

Fig. 1 is that at present conventional wind power generating set is controlled rotary speed-torque graph of a relation;

Fig. 2 is that the conventional oar PI that becomes controls graph of a relation between parameter and propeller pitch angle at present;

After the improvement that Fig. 3 provides for the embodiment of the present invention, wind power generating set is controlled rotary speed-torque graph of a relation;

Fig. 4 controls graph of a relation between parameter and propeller pitch angle for the non-linear change oar PI that the embodiment of the present invention provides;

Fig. 5 control program of the present invention is implemented schematic block diagram;

Fig. 6 is that in embodiment 1, mean wind velocity is the wind speed schematic diagram of 11.7m/s turbulent wind;

Fig. 7 is the wind speed round comparison diagram that adopts respectively existing other control modes and controlling method of the present invention in embodiment 1;

Fig. 8 is the change propeller angle comparison diagram that adopts respectively existing other control modes and controlling method of the present invention in embodiment 1;

Fig. 9 is the generated output power comparison diagram that adopts respectively existing other control modes and controlling method of the present invention in embodiment 1;

Figure 10 is that in embodiment 2, mean wind velocity is the wind speed schematic diagram of 14m/s turbulent wind;

Figure 11 is the wind speed round comparison diagram that adopts respectively existing other control modes and controlling method of the present invention in embodiment 2;

Figure 12 is the change propeller angle comparison diagram that adopts respectively existing other control modes and controlling method of the present invention in embodiment 2;

Figure 13 is the generated output power comparison diagram that adopts respectively existing other control modes and controlling method of the present invention in embodiment 2.

Embodiment

The invention discloses a kind of wind power generating set rotational speed and torque controlling method, realize near the torque of rated power and control and become the control of oar control flexible transition, guarantee the stability of unit operation and power stage thereof.

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technological scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is only the present invention's part embodiment, rather than whole embodiments.Embodiment based in the present invention, those of ordinary skills, not making the every other embodiment who obtains under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.

Refer to Fig. 3, the wind power generating set rotational speed and torque controlling method that the embodiment of the present invention provides, generator transition rotating speed is set and is greater than rated speed, measurement rotating speed at motor is greater than rated speed, and measure power and surpass in the situation of rated power, torque is transformed into permanent power control mode by PI control mode; At change propeller angle, be less than the best propeller angle that becomes, and measure rotating speed and be down in the situation under rated speed, torque is transformed into PI control mode by permanent power control mode; Adopt PI to control parametrical nonlinearity adjustment mode and control change propeller angle, and in whole normal operation speed range, become oar control all in state of activation.

The kind wind power generating set rotational speed and torque controlling method that the embodiment of the present invention provides, as shown in Figure 3, transition rotating speed point D ' is set in DE interval, when wind power generating set is during from state of a control CD to DE transition, become propeller angle and start to control variation from D ', and torque still adopts PI to control according to CD curve, by changing two controllers at the control impact point of transition region, can avoid two kinds to control the asynchronous generator speed ω that causes at rated speed n rthe problem of larger fluctuation occurs up and down, and transition region is changed to the curve D D ' after improvement by original some D, and the flexibility that more easily realizes state of a control is switched.Meanwhile, owing to not becoming the switch restriction of oar control, become oar and control all in state of activation in whole normal operation speed range, transition zone between II, III, when wind speed variation is steady and generator speed ω is less than transition rotation speed n rtime, make to become propeller angle and remain at best angle; When wind speed occurs sharply to change, become oar control and can participate in advance controlling, control and coordinate rotating speed with torque, reduce the fluctuation of rotational speed omega in this region.

Generated output power is the product of rotating speed and torque, due to the impact of turbulent wind, in DE section, become oar and control and can not maintain rotating speed completely at rating value, in the prior art, at this section, adopting permanent torque to control will cause output power to change with generator speed, reduce generated output quality.In order to address this problem, in the present embodiment, in the situation that measurement rotating speed is greater than or equal to transition rotating speed, torque is controlled and is adopted permanent power control mode, i.e. T g=P r/ ω, wherein T gfor given generator electromagnetic torque, P rfor generator rating power, ω is generator speed.

The kind wind power generating set rotational speed and torque controlling method that the embodiment of the present invention provides, in the situation that measurement rotating speed is greater than or equal to transition rotating speed, becomes oar control and adopts PI control parametrical nonlinearity adjustment mode to adjust change propeller angle.So, according to the adjustment of blade Nonlinear aerodynamics, become oar PI and control parameter, can strengthen the adaptability that becomes oar control and blade aerodynamic characteristic, improve and become the followability that oar action changes with wind speed, improve the stability of unit operation, reduce to control by becoming oar the fluctuation of speed causing, reduce the dynamic load of unit.

Refer to Fig. 3, get the intermediate speed n of generator i/IIbetween the grid-connected rotation speed n of minimum 1with rated speed n rbetween, establish the measurement rotational speed omega of generator between the grid-connected rotation speed n of minimum 1with intermediate speed n i/IIbetween time situation under interval I, measure rotational speed omega rotation speed n between i/IIwith rated speed n rbetween situation under be interval II, measuring in the situation that rotating speed is greater than rated speed is interval III;

In interval I, torque controller arranges generator reference rotation velocity and is: ω n=n 1, maximum Cp is set simultaneously and follows the tracks of torque as limits value T lim, when torque controller output, y is greater than T limtime, torque limit is at y=T lim;

In interval II, torque controller arranges generator reference rotation velocity and is: ω n=n r, maximum Cp is set simultaneously and follows the tracks of torque as limits value T lim, when torque controller output, y is less than T limtime, torque limit is at y=T lim;

Wherein: MPPT maximum power point tracking controlling torque restricted T lim=K optω 2; K optmπ ρ R 5c p/ (2 λ 3g 3), Kopt is for considering the optimal modal gain after Transmitted chains mechanical loss, η mfor Transmitted chains mechanical efficiency, ρ is air density, and R is wind wheel radius, and Cp is peak output utilization factor, and λ is the optimum tip-speed ratio that maximum Cp is corresponding, and G is gear box ratio.

Torque PI controller representation:

y=y *+K p-torque(x-x *)+(dT/2)K i-torque(x+x *),x=ω-ω n

Wherein: y is output torque, and x is input speed deviation, K p-torquefor torque controller proportional gain, K i-torquefor torque controller storage gain, dT is time step, and ω is generator measurement rotating speed, ω nfor generator reference rotation velocity, symbol (*) represents each parameter respective value of a time point.

Further, in interval I, become oar controller and generator reference rotation velocity is set into ω n=n 2, concrete, transition rotation speed n 2span be 1.01~1.02 times of rated speed n r; In interval II, become oar controller and generator reference rotation velocity is set into ω n=n 2; In interval III, become oar controller and generator reference rotation velocity is set into ω n=n r;

Become oar and control employing PI control parametrical nonlinearity adjustment mode, its representation is: y=y *+ K p-pitchg (φ) (x-x *the K of)+(dT/2) i-pitchg (φ) (x+x *), x=ω-ω nthis is wherein: y becomes propeller angle for output, and x is input speed deviation, K p-pitehfor becoming the proportional gain of oar controller, K i-pitchfor becoming oar controller storage gain, dT is time step, and G is nonlinear Control parametric gain, and φ is for becoming propeller angle, ω ngenerator reference rotation velocity, symbol (*) represents each parameter respective value of a time point.

Concrete, intermediate speed n i/IIvalue size is specially minimum grid-connected rotation speed n 1with rated speed n rmean value.

Control parametric gain G and become propeller angle between relation table be shown wherein be the coefficient of being determined by blade Nonlinear aerodynamics, the change oar PI controller parameter of adjusting by this kind of mode is consistent with blade aerodynamic characteristic, as shown in Figure 4.

Each interval control logic conversion plan is described below:

From interval I, be transformed into interval II: generator speed ω > n i/II;

From interval II, be transformed into interval I: generator speed ω < n i/II;

From interval II, be transformed into interval III: generator speed ω > n r, while P>=P r, P is generated output power;

From interval III, be transformed into interval II: become propeller angle φ < φ f2pwhile generator speed ω < n r, φ f2pvalue adds 0.5 deg for the best becomes propeller angle, and this value can be done suitable correction according to the aerodynamic characteristic of different leaves.

Control program of the present invention is implemented schematic block diagram as shown in 5.The generator speed of measuring is judged the region of current unit operation jointly with the vane propeller-changing angle of the generator power of measuring and measurement after by notch filter, according to different operation areas, select different torques to control and become oar to control reference rotation velocity, calculate respectively again each self-corresponding deviation, torque is controlled corresponding rotating speed deviation and is input to torque controller output torque value, the generator torque requirements that meets unit requirement by torque rate of change and torque extreme value restriction output is again controlled to generator, become rotating speed deviation and the change oar controller parameter after nonlinear adjustment that oar controller is corresponding and be jointly input to change oar controller, output becomes propeller angle, by becoming propeller angle and speed restriction output, meet again the change propeller angle of unit requirement.

The embodiment of the present invention also provides a kind of wind power generating set rotational speed and torque control gear, comprising:

Torque PI control module, for adopting PI control mode to adjust torque;

The permanent power control module of torque, for adopting permanent power control mode to adjust torque;

Become oar non-linearity PI control module, for adopting PI to control parametrical nonlinearity mode, adjust change propeller angle.

In order further to optimize above-mentioned technological scheme, also comprise region decision module, for judging the interval of current unit operation, according to different traffic coverages, select different torques to control reference rotation velocity and become oar to control reference rotation velocity.

The present invention is carried out to simulation run, adopt respectively near the turbulent flow of rated wind speed and specified above wind speed turbulent flow to carry out emulation comparison, wind power generating set main models parameter is in Table 1.

Table 1

Title Numerical value Unit Rotor diameter ??93 ??m Blade quantity ??3 ??- Hub height ??80 ??m Best propeller pitch angle ??0 ??deg Incision wind speed ??3 ??m/s Rated wind speed ??11.7 ??m/s Cut-out wind speed ??25 ??m/s Wind wheel normal running speed scope ??8.3~16.8 ??rpm Generator rated speed ??1755 ??rpm Generator rating power ??2100 ??kw

Embodiment 1

Emulation adopts wind regime to be: mean wind velocity is 11.7m/s, and turbulence intensity is 9.45%, and simulation result is as Fig. 6~9, and in figure, thick lines represent controlling method result of the present invention, and hachure represents existing other controlling method results.Fig. 6 is wind speed, and Fig. 7 is wind speed round, and Fig. 8 is for becoming propeller angle, and Fig. 9 is power.From result figure, can find out, when wind speed fluctuates near rated wind speed, adopt controlling method of the present invention when the following wind speed of rated operation point rises suddenly, torque is coordinated to control with change oar and can be realized better the flexible conversion in control area, compare with existing other control modes, greatly reduce the fluctuation of rotating speed and power, improved the stability of unit under various wind regime, reduced the impact to unit.

Embodiment 2

Emulation adopts wind regime to be: mean wind velocity is 14m/s, and turbulence intensity is 10.01%, and simulation result is as Figure 10~13, and in figure, thick lines represent controlling method result of the present invention, and hachure represents existing other controlling method results.From result figure, can find out, when the above region of rated wind speed adopts constant-power control method of the present invention, can effectively realize the stability of power stage.Non-linear change oar is controlled parameter regulation means, realizes the nonlinear trend control that becomes oar action, has strengthened and has become the followability that oar action changes with wind speed, guarantees the stable operation of rotation speed of fan.Compare with existing other controlling methods, can obviously improve the stability of power stage and the stability of rotating speed, can effectively reduce the limit and the fatigue load of unit.

In this specification, each embodiment adopts the mode of going forward one by one to describe, and each embodiment stresses is the difference with other embodiments, between each embodiment identical similar part mutually referring to.

Above-mentioned explanation to the disclosed embodiments, makes professional and technical personnel in the field can realize or use the present invention.To these embodiments' multiple modification, will be apparent for those skilled in the art, General Principle as defined herein can, in the situation that not departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention, realize in other embodiments.Therefore, the present invention will can not be restricted to these embodiments shown in this article, but will meet the widest scope consistent with principle disclosed herein and features of novelty.

Claims (2)

1. a wind power generating set rotational speed and torque controlling method, is characterized in that, at the measurement rotating speed of generator, is greater than rated speed, and measures power and surpass in the situation of rated power, and torque is transformed into permanent power control mode by PI control mode; At change propeller angle, be less than the best propeller angle that becomes, and measure rotating speed and be down in the situation under rated speed, torque is transformed into PI control mode by permanent power control mode; Adopt PI to control parametrical nonlinearity adjustment mode and control change propeller angle, and in whole normal operation speed range, become oar control all in state of activation;
Get the intermediate speed n of generator i/IIbetween the grid-connected rotation speed n of minimum 1with rated speed n rbetween, establish the measurement rotational speed omega of generator between the grid-connected rotation speed n of minimum 1with intermediate speed n i/IIbetween time situation under be interval I, measure rotational speed omega rotation speed n between i/IIwith rated speed n rbetween situation under be interval II, measuring in the situation that rotating speed is greater than rated speed is interval III;
In interval I, torque controller arranges generator reference rotation velocity and is: ω n=n 1, maximum Cp is set simultaneously and follows the tracks of torque as limits value T lim, when torque controller output, y is greater than T limtime, torque limit is at y=T lim; In interval II, torque controller arranges generator reference rotation velocity and is: ω n=n r, maximum Cp is set simultaneously and follows the tracks of torque as limits value T lim, when torque controller output, y is less than T limtime, torque limit is at y=T lim;
Torque PI controller representation: y=y *+ K p-torque(x-x *the K of)+(dT/2) i-torque(x+x *), x=ω-ω n;
Wherein: y is output torque, and x is input speed deviation, K p-torquefor torque controller proportional gain, K i-torquefor torque controller storage gain, dT is time step, and ω is generator measurement rotating speed, ω nfor generator reference rotation velocity, symbol * represents each parameter respective value of a time point;
Permanent power control mode is specially: T g=P r/ ω, wherein T gfor given generator electromagnetic torque, P rfor generator rating power, ω is generator measurement rotating speed;
In interval I, become oar controller and generator reference rotation velocity is set into ω n=n 2, transition rotation speed n 2span be 1.01~1.02 times of rated speed n r; In interval II, become oar controller and generator reference rotation velocity is set into ω n=n 2; In interval III, become oar controller and generator reference rotation velocity is set into ω n=n r;
Become oar and control employing PI control parametrical nonlinearity adjustment mode, its representation is: y=y *+ K p-pitchg (φ) (x-x *the K of)+(dT/2) i-pitchg (φ) (x+x *), x=ω-ω n; This is wherein: y becomes propeller angle for output, and x is input speed deviation, K p-pitchfor becoming the proportional gain of oar controller, K i-pitchfor becoming oar controller storage gain, dT is time step, and G is nonlinear Control parametric gain, and φ is for becoming propeller angle, ω ngenerator reference rotation velocity, symbol * represents each parameter respective value of a time point;
Intermediate speed n i/IIvalue size is specially minimum grid-connected rotation speed n 1with rated speed n rmean value;
Nonlinear Control parametric gain G and change propeller angle between relation table be shown wherein it is the coefficient of being determined by blade Nonlinear aerodynamics.
2. a wind power generating set rotational speed and torque control gear, is characterized in that, for realizing wind power generating set rotational speed and torque controlling method as claimed in claim 1, comprising:
Torque PI control module, for adopting PI control mode to adjust torque;
The permanent power control module of torque, for adopting permanent power control mode to adjust torque;
Become oar non-linearity PI control module, for adopting PI to control parametrical nonlinearity mode, adjust change propeller angle;
Region decision module, for judging the interval of current unit operation, selects different torques to control reference rotation velocity and becomes oar to control reference rotation velocity according to different traffic coverages.
CN201210114448.7A 2012-04-18 2012-04-18 Rotational speed and torque control device and method of wind turbine generator set CN102635499B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210114448.7A CN102635499B (en) 2012-04-18 2012-04-18 Rotational speed and torque control device and method of wind turbine generator set

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210114448.7A CN102635499B (en) 2012-04-18 2012-04-18 Rotational speed and torque control device and method of wind turbine generator set

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102635499A CN102635499A (en) 2012-08-15
CN102635499B true CN102635499B (en) 2014-01-15

Family

ID=46620033

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201210114448.7A CN102635499B (en) 2012-04-18 2012-04-18 Rotational speed and torque control device and method of wind turbine generator set

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102635499B (en)

Families Citing this family (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102797631B (en) * 2012-08-24 2014-05-14 国电联合动力技术有限公司 Method, system and device for carrying out online self-correcting on optimal gain of wind generating set
CN102929306B (en) * 2012-11-08 2015-01-07 天津市亚安科技股份有限公司 Device and method thereof for adjusting rotating torque automatically according to rotating resistance
CN103195653A (en) * 2013-04-19 2013-07-10 上海电气集团股份有限公司 Segmentation control algorithm for torque of wind turbine generator system
CN103352799A (en) * 2013-07-18 2013-10-16 上海电机学院 Pitch angle automatic control device
CN103925156B (en) * 2014-05-04 2016-08-17 中船重工(重庆)海装风电设备有限公司 A kind of wind generating set pitch control control method and system
CN104564522B (en) * 2014-12-24 2017-07-18 大连尚能科技发展有限公司 Wind generator set blade operating angle control method
CN104612897B (en) * 2015-03-10 2017-08-25 中船重工(重庆)海装风电设备有限公司 A kind of control method and device of wind power generating set
CN107709760B (en) * 2015-06-30 2020-05-19 维斯塔斯风力系统集团公司 Wind turbine control override
CN106812658B (en) * 2015-11-27 2019-09-06 中国船舶重工集团海装风电股份有限公司 A kind of control method and device of wind power generating set
CN105986961B (en) * 2016-04-28 2018-07-31 华北电力大学 A kind of speed-changing oar-changing wind energy conversion system power optimization control method
CN108457797B (en) * 2018-02-01 2020-12-11 上海电气风电集团股份有限公司 Control method for inhibiting lateral vibration of tower of wind generating set
CN108979956B (en) * 2018-06-29 2019-12-24 浙江运达风电股份有限公司 Control method for improving power generation performance of wind turbine generator in freezing environment
CN109488525B (en) * 2018-11-11 2020-07-03 南京理工大学 Rotating speed tracking target optimization method based on increasing rotating speed lower limit
CN109611271A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-04-12 汕头大学 A kind of speed-changing oar-changing is away from wind driven generator torque control method

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101498283A (en) * 2008-02-01 2009-08-05 北京能高自动化技术有限公司 Variable pitch control method for large-sized wind-driven generator group
CN101660489A (en) * 2009-09-23 2010-03-03 南京盛唐电力控制系统有限公司 Megawatt wind generating set combination control policy
CN101900080A (en) * 2010-07-21 2010-12-01 上海电气集团股份有限公司 Fan control system adopting variable-structure PID (Proportion Integration Differentiation) variable-propeller control

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102004054608B4 (en) * 2004-09-21 2006-06-29 Repower Systems Ag Method for controlling a wind turbine and wind turbine with a rotor
JP4738206B2 (en) * 2006-02-28 2011-08-03 三菱重工業株式会社 Wind power generation system and control method thereof

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101498283A (en) * 2008-02-01 2009-08-05 北京能高自动化技术有限公司 Variable pitch control method for large-sized wind-driven generator group
CN101660489A (en) * 2009-09-23 2010-03-03 南京盛唐电力控制系统有限公司 Megawatt wind generating set combination control policy
CN101900080A (en) * 2010-07-21 2010-12-01 上海电气集团股份有限公司 Fan control system adopting variable-structure PID (Proportion Integration Differentiation) variable-propeller control

Non-Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
JP特开2007-231778A 2007.09.13
何玉林等.变速变桨风力发电机组的优化控制.《可再生能源》.2012,第30卷(第1期),
何玉林等.风力发电机组的自适应转矩控制及载荷优化.《电网与清洁能源》.2012,第28卷(第3期),
变速变桨风力发电机组的优化控制;何玉林等;《可再生能源》;20120131;第30卷(第1期);全文 *
风力发电机组的自适应转矩控制及载荷优化;何玉林等;《电网与清洁能源》;20120331;第28卷(第3期);全文 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102635499A (en) 2012-08-15

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US8013460B2 (en) Method and apparatus for controlling noise levels of a turbine with minimal loss in energy yield
US9617975B2 (en) Wind turbine yaw control
US6420795B1 (en) Variable speed wind turbine generator
CN102834606B (en) Dynamic inertia regulation
TWI551779B (en) Wind power installation and method of operating a wind power installation
JP5200097B2 (en) Wind turbine generator and blade pitch angle control method thereof
US8853877B1 (en) System and method for controlling a wind farm
JP5320311B2 (en) Variable speed generator and control method thereof
Bossanyi Further load reductions with individual pitch control
EP2306003B1 (en) System and methods for controlling a wind turbine
US9476407B2 (en) Method of operating a wind turbine
Qi et al. The application of fuzzy PID control in pitch wind turbine
CN102906418B (en) Wind turbine
US7898100B2 (en) Method of operating a wind turbine with pitch control, a wind turbine and a cluster of wind turbine
CN105556117B (en) Control method for wind turbine
CN104428531B (en) It operates the method for wind turbine and is suitable for the system of the method
AU737762B2 (en) Variable speed wind turbine generator
EP2872775B1 (en) Method and arrangement for controlling a wind turbine
CA2822937C (en) System and method for controlling speed and torque of a wind turbine during post-rated wind speed conditions
CN101680424B (en) A method for operating a wind turbine, a wind turbine and use of the method
Singh et al. Performance of wind energy conversion system using a doubly fed induction generator for maximum power point tracking
US10731629B2 (en) Wind power plant controller
EP2249029B1 (en) A wind turbine
CN102933841B (en) Wind turbine
Johnson et al. Dynamics of wind generators on electric utility networks

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
LICC Enforcement, change and cancellation of record of contracts on the licence for exploitation of a patent or utility model
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20120815

Assignee: YUNNAN ENERGY INVESTMENT HAIZHUANG NEW ENERGY EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.

Assignor: CSIC (Chongqing) Haizhuang Windpower Equipment Co., Ltd.

Contract record no.: 2015530000072

Denomination of invention: Rotational speed and torque control device and method of wind turbine generator set

Granted publication date: 20140115

License type: Common License

Record date: 20151215

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: North District 401122 Chongqing City No. 30 garden Jinyu Road

Patentee after: China Shipbuilding Heavy Industry offshore wind power Limited by Share Ltd

Address before: North District 401122 Chongqing City No. 30 garden Jinyu Road

Patentee before: CSIC (Chongqing) Haizhuang Windpower Equipment Co., Ltd.