CN102627829A - Composite fiberboard prepared with waste acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) plastics and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Composite fiberboard prepared with waste acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) plastics and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102627829A
CN102627829A CN2012100782194A CN201210078219A CN102627829A CN 102627829 A CN102627829 A CN 102627829A CN 2012100782194 A CN2012100782194 A CN 2012100782194A CN 201210078219 A CN201210078219 A CN 201210078219A CN 102627829 A CN102627829 A CN 102627829A
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temperature
parts
waste
abs plastic
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CN102627829B (en
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董久红
王永训
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Abstract

The invention relates to a composite fiberboard prepared by waste acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) plastics and a preparation method thereof. The fiberboard is prepared from the following raw materials by weight: 100 parts of waste ABS plastics, 0-60 parts of wood powder, 4-8 parts of a phase solvent, 1-5 parts of calcium carbonate, 1-2 parts of a lubricating agent, and 6-12 parts of a toughening agent. The phase solvent is prepared from the following raw materials by weight: 100 parts of a styrene butadiene rubber copolymer, 2-4 parts of maleic anhydride, and 0.1-0.35 part of dicumyl peroxide. The preparation method consists of: first preparing the phase solvent, and conducting mixing according to the above ratio, then carrying out compression moulding with parallel single and twin-screw extruders, a flat head and a three-roller calender. The composite fiberboard of the invention has the advantages of: impact resistance, high strength, waterproofness, chemical corrosion resistance, as well as low price, and can substitute fiberboards and boards in steel coil packaging.

Description

The composite fiber plate and the preparation method that utilize waste and old ABS plastic to make
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of composite fiber plate and preparation method who utilizes waste and old ABS plastic to make.
Background technology
At present, steel roll package uses the wood fiber plate in a large number, because the gap of the timber usage quantity and the shrub speed of growth is increasing; The China's Forest Resources plaque is weary, and wood protection method is in addition implemented dynamics and strengthened gradually, and the use havoc of timber the eubiosis; Cause soil erosion; This will cause China's wood supply amount in longer for some time from now on to reduce significantly, therefore, press for development of new material substitution timber.Therefore, be badly in need of seeking the substitute products of a kind of HS, shock resistance, good toughness on the market.Along with expanding economy; Waste and old ABS plastic is commonly called as acrylonitrile-butadiene-benzene second multipolymer; Be that original paper life cycles such as waste and old television cabin, computer shell, telephone casing, toy for children, vehicle steering, panel board, electric switch are near; A large amount of waste and old ABS plastic cause severe contamination to environment, also suddenly wait to seek the multiple feasible method of utilizing again, particularly need develop the engineering plastics board product of a kind of intensity that is used for steel roll package, shock resistance, good toughness.Plastics through modification have good physical and mechanical properties, and series of advantages such as tool light weight, rich color, easy-formation, therefore the trend of " to mould Dai Mu " all displays in a lot of industries at present.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of shock-resistant, intensity is high, waterproof, resistance to chemical attack, and is and cheap, the composite fiber plate that utilizes waste and old ABS plastic to make of alternative wad, plank,
It is of the present invention that another provides a kind of preparation method who utilizes the composite fiber plate of waste and old ABS plastic making.
The objective of the invention is to realize through following technical proposals:
The composite fiber plate that utilizes waste and old ABS plastic to make of the present invention is characterized in that comprising that following raw materials in part by weight processes:
Waste and old ABS plastic: 100 parts
Wood powder: 0-60 part
Phase solvent: 4-8 part
Lime carbonate: 1-5 part
Lubricant: 1-2 part
Toughner: 6-12 part,
Described phase solvent is processed by following raw materials in part by weight:
Styrene butadiene ribber multipolymer: 100 parts
Suitable divinyl acid anhydrides: 2-4 part
Di Cumyl Peroxide 99: 0.1-0.35 part,
Described lubricant is: Ployethylene Wax,
Described toughner is: chlorinatedpolyethylene,
Utilize waste and old ABS plastic to make composite fiber plate according to of the present invention, comprise that also following raw materials in part by weight processes:
Waste and old ABS plastic: 100 parts
Wood powder: 0-60 part
Phase solvent: 4-8 part
Lime carbonate: 1-5 part
Lubricant: 1-2 part
Toughner: 6-12 part
Whipping agent: 0.1-2 part,
Described whipping agent is: azo-dicarbonamide.
Utilize waste and old ABS plastic to make composite fiber plate according to of the present invention, described phase solvent is processed by following raw materials in part by weight:
Styrene butadiene ribber multipolymer: 100 parts
Suitable divinyl acid anhydrides: 2-4 part
Di Cumyl Peroxide 99: 0.2-0.3 part.
Utilize waste and old ABS plastic to make composite fiber plate according to of the present invention, comprise that also following raw materials in part by weight processes: it is characterized in that described
Waste and old ABS plastic: 100 parts
Phase solvent: 5-7 part
Lime carbonate: 2-4 part
Lubricant: 1-2 part
Toughner: 8-10 part.
Utilize waste and old ABS plastic to make composite fiber plate according to of the present invention, comprise that also following raw materials in part by weight processes: it is characterized in that described
Waste and old ABS plastic: 100 parts
Wood powder: 40-50 part
Phase solvent: 5-7 part
Lime carbonate: 2-4 part
Lubricant: 1-2 part
Toughner: 8-10 part
Whipping agent: 0.1-1 part.
The present invention utilizes waste and old ABS plastic to make the preparation method of composite fiber plate, it is characterized in that by carrying out with the following step:
1) by weight than taking by weighing the styrene butadiene ribber multipolymer: 100 parts, suitable divinyl acid anhydrides: 2-4 part, Di Cumyl Peroxide 99: after 0.1-0.35 part is mixed; Drop into parallel double-screw extruder, make the styrene butadiene ribber multipolymer under the effect of Di Cumyl Peroxide 99 with suitable divinyl acid anhydrides in parallel double-screw extruder, under 90-200 ℃ of five kinds of temperature provinces, dissolve grafting; Its screw rod revolution is: 60-120 rev/min, the adjustment load is 100-125kg/h, is divided into 5 temperature-controlled area territories from feeding port to head; Adopt incremental control drop temperature, the temperature in the 1st temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 90-100 ℃, and the temperature in the 2nd temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 100-125 ℃; The temperature in the 3rd temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 126-136 ℃, and the temperature in the 4th temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 136-172 ℃, and the temperature in the 5th temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 173-200 ℃; Pelletizing behind water-cooled to the normal temperature; Its granularity is 3-5mm, and it is for use to process phase solvent
2) the waste and old ABS plastic of fetching receipts is crushed to 3-5mm,
3) will mix for 100 parts with the waste and old ABS plastic particle that step 2 obtains through phase solvent 4-8 part that above-mentioned steps 1 obtains, and add lime carbonate: 1-5 part, lubricant: 1-2 part and toughner: 6-12 part mixes; Drop into parallel double-screw extruder again, its extrusion temperature is: 125-195 ℃, its screw rod revolution is: 60-120 rev/min; The adjustment load is 100-125kg/h, behind the extruding pelletization 3-5mm, sends into single screw extrusion machine; Extrude and dissolve, plastify; Its extrusion temperature is: 125-195 ℃, its screw rod revolution is: 60-120 rev/min, the adjustment load is 100-125kg/h; Send into the thick conjugated fibre blanks of inclined to one side flat-bed machine head and three-roller calendar compression moulding 1.0-15mm, shearing, finished product.
The present invention utilizes waste and old ABS plastic to make the preparation method of composite fiber plate, and it is characterized in that can also be by carrying out with the following step:
1) by weight than taking by weighing the styrene butadiene ribber multipolymer: 100 parts, suitable divinyl acid anhydrides: 2-4 part, Di Cumyl Peroxide 99: after 0.1-0.35 part is mixed; Drop into parallel double-screw extruder, make the styrene butadiene ribber multipolymer under the effect of Di Cumyl Peroxide 99 with suitable divinyl acid anhydrides in parallel double-screw extruder, under 90-200 ℃ of five kinds of temperature provinces, dissolve its screw rod revolution of grafting and be: 60-120 rev/min; The adjustment load is 100-125kg/h, and feeding port to head is divided into 5 temperature-controlled area territories, adopts incremental control drop temperature; The temperature in the 1st temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 90-100 ℃, and the temperature in the 2nd temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 100-125 ℃, and the temperature in the 3rd temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 126-136 ℃; The temperature in the 4th temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 136-172 ℃; The temperature in the 5th temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 173-200 ℃, pelletizing behind water-cooled to the normal temperature, and its granularity is 3-5mm; It is for use to process phase solvent
2) the waste and old ABS plastic of fetching receipts is crushed to 3-5mm,
3) with wood powder, under 100-110 ℃ of temperature dry 8-15 minute, be dried to water ratio≤0. 4%,
The phase solvent 4-8 part and step 2 that 4) will obtain through above-mentioned steps 1) and 3) 100 parts of the waste and old ABS plastic particles that obtain mix with wood powder 30-60 part, and adding lime carbonate: 1-5 part, lubricant: 1-2 part and toughner: 6-12 part mixes; Drop into parallel double-screw extruder again, its extrusion temperature is: 125-195 ℃, its screw rod revolution is: 60-120 rev/min; The adjustment load is 100-125kg/h, and behind the extruding pelletization 3-5mm, add whipping agent again: 0.1-2 part stirs; Send into single screw extrusion machine, extrude and dissolve, plastify, its extrusion temperature is: 125-195 ℃; Its screw rod revolution is: 60-120 rev/min; The adjustment load is 100-125kg/h, sends into the thick conjugated fibre blanks of inclined to one side flat-bed machine head and three-roller calendar compression moulding 1.0-15mm, shearing, finished product.
Wherein, wood powder is the macromole hydrophilic material of polysaccharide hydroxyl, and plastics are the non-polar high polymer polymkeric substance; They are to be non-homogeneous phase; For not falling or reduce less the physical performance index of plastics [mixture], thereby must dose a kind of phase solvent, phase solvent of the present invention adopts the above-mentioned raw materials proportioning; Can not only be fine with waste and old ABS plastic mixing property; While ability enhanced toughness, wherein Di Cumyl Peroxide 99 can make PS fourth rubbery copolymer under the effect of Di Cumyl Peroxide 99 with along the divinyl acid anhydrides, in parallel double-screw extruder, dissolve grafting as triggering agent.
Advantage of the present invention is: 1. because the present invention uses waste and old ABS plastic and wood powder; Its source is abundant, treatment capacity is big, with low cost; Not only can save the comparatively expensive plastics of a large amount of prices; Reduce the cost of pure plastics, but also open up a new way for the utilization of waste and old ABS plastic resources effective; And there are not obnoxious flavour, waste water, residue generation in whole process of production; The in use formaldehydeless obnoxious flavour that waits discharges; Therefore can not cause environmental pollution and bring infringement to human body, be a kind of model of environmental protection treatment process and sustainable recycling renewable resource of worth high praise.
2. simple, the easy row of the inventive method technology, do not need special equipment, the existing single screw extrusion machine of general plastic molding and processing plant, inclined to one side flat-bed machine head and three-roller calendar just can be implemented, so investment is little, the economic benefit height.
3. the waste and old ABS plastic of the present invention's production prepares composite fiber plate, not only can be painted as other plastics, process the wood-like sheet that contains wood powder; Go out not add wood powder; And shock-resistant, intensity is high, waterproof, corrosion-resistant, water-absorbent is littler than timber; Its over-all properties is superior to wood fibre board, and therefore alternative existing wad, plank are used as the steel roll package material. Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment the present invention is described further.
Embodiment 1
The preparation method who utilizes waste and old ABS plastic to prepare composite fiber plate of the present invention utilizes waste and old ABS plastic to make the preparation method of composite fiber plate, it is characterized in that by carrying out with the following step:
1) by weight than taking by weighing the styrene butadiene ribber multipolymer: 100 parts, suitable divinyl acid anhydrides: 3 parts, Di Cumyl Peroxide 99: after 0.15 part of mixing; Drop into parallel double-screw extruder, make the styrene butadiene ribber multipolymer under the effect of Di Cumyl Peroxide 99 with suitable divinyl acid anhydrides in parallel double-screw extruder, under 90-200 ℃ of five kinds of temperature provinces, dissolve grafting; Its screw rod revolution is: 80-100 rev/min, the adjustment load is 100-110kg/h, is divided into 5 temperature-controlled area territories from feeding port to head; Adopt incremental control drop temperature, the temperature in the 1st temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 90-100 ℃, and the temperature in the 2nd temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 100-125 ℃; The temperature in the 3rd temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 126-136 ℃, and the temperature in the 4th temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 136-172 ℃, and the temperature in the 5th temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 173-200 ℃; Pelletizing behind water-cooled to the normal temperature; Its granularity is 3-5mm, and it is for use to process phase solvent
The present invention why adopt incremental control drop temperature to be because the dicumyl peroxide heat decomposition temperature about 132 ℃; If at the beginning promptly in forcing machine 1-2 zone mixing temperature too high; When not being uniformly dispersed, emit free oxygen, make the material partial cross-linking, the rough and uneven in surface cunning of phase solvent outward appearance; Can't use, so crosslinked again after must at first at low temperatures its component being mixed.
2) the waste and old ABS plastic of fetching receipts is crushed to 3-5mm,
5 parts of phase solvents that 3) will obtain through above-mentioned steps 1 mix for 100 parts with the waste and old ABS plastic particle that step 2 obtains, and add lime carbonate: 2 parts, lubricant: 1.5 parts and toughner: 6 parts mix; Drop into parallel double-screw extruder again, its extrusion temperature is: 125-195 ℃, its screw rod revolution is: 60-80 rev/min; The adjustment load is 100-110kg/h, behind the extruding pelletization 3-5mm, sends into single screw extrusion machine again; Extrude and dissolve, plastify; Its extrusion temperature is: 125-195 ℃, its screw rod revolution is: 60-80 rev/min, the adjustment load is 100-110kg/h; Send into the thick conjugated fibre blanks of inclined to one side flat-bed machine head and three-roller calendar compression moulding 1.0-15mm, shearing, finished product.
The present invention is a kind of through the cross-linking type matrix material with the mixing cured formation of above-mentioned component, thereby can give waste and old ABS plastic matrix material higher mechanical strength, tensile strength, weather resistance.Its performance index: density 1.05g/cm 3, tensile strength>=39MPa, shock strength 6.4mm (impact of IZOD goods)>=20, size changing rate 0.4-0.7%, flexural strength>=70MPa, Shao Er hardness SCALE (D)>=105 °.
Embodiment 2
According to the preparation method who utilizes waste and old ABS plastic to make composite fiber plate of the present invention, by carrying out with the following step:
1) by weight than claiming the styrene butadiene ribber multipolymer: 100 parts, suitable divinyl acid anhydrides: 4 parts, Di Cumyl Peroxide 99: after 0.25 part of mixing, its production process is identical with embodiment 1, and it is for use to process phase solvent,
2) the waste and old ABS plastic of fetching receipts is crushed to 3-5mm,
3) with wood powder, under 100-110 ℃ of temperature dry 8-15 minute, be dried to water ratio≤0. 4%,
6 parts of phase solvents that 4) will obtain through above-mentioned steps 1 and step 2) and 3) 100 parts of the waste and old ABS plastic particles that obtain mix for 30 parts with wood powder, and add lime carbonate: 3 parts, lubricant: 1.5 parts and toughner: 8 parts mix, and drop into parallel double-screw extruder again; Its extrusion temperature is: 125-135 ℃, its screw rod revolution is: 60-80 rev/min, the adjustment load is 100-110kg/h; Behind the extruding pelletization 3-5mm, add whipping agent again: 0.15 part stirs, sends into single screw extrusion machine; Extrude and dissolve, plastify; Its extrusion temperature is: 125-135 ℃, its screw rod revolution is: 60-80 rev/min, the adjustment load is 100-110kg/h; Send into the thick conjugated fibre blanks of inclined to one side flat-bed machine head and three-roller calendar compression moulding 1.0-5mm, shearing, finished product.
The composite fiber plate performance index that make: density 1.12g/cm 3, tensile strength>=21MPa, shock strength 6.4mm (impact of IZOD goods)>=17.6, size changing rate 0.4-0.7%, flexural strength>=72MPa, Shao Er hardness SCALE (D)>=108 °.
Implement 3
According to the preparation method who utilizes waste and old ABS plastic to make composite fiber plate of the present invention, by following its 3), 4) carry out according to the following steps:
Its step 1), 2), 3) with embodiment 2,
Step 4) is: 100 parts of waste and old ABS plastic particles that 7 parts of phase solvents that will obtain through above-mentioned steps 1 and step 2 and 3 obtain mix for 40 parts with wood powder, and add lime carbonate: 3 parts, lubricant: 2 parts and toughner: 9 parts mix; Drop into parallel double-screw extruder again, its extrusion temperature is: 125-150 ℃, the adjustment load is 100-125kg/h; Behind the extruding pelletization 3-5mm; Add whipping agent again: 0.25 part stirs, and sends into single screw extrusion machine, extrudes to dissolve, plastify; Its extrusion temperature is: the 125-185 degree; The adjustment load is 100-125kg/h, goes into the thick conjugated fibre blanks of inclined to one side flat-bed machine head and three-roller calendar compression moulding 1.0-15mm, shearing, finished product.
The composite fiber plate performance index that make: density 1.16g/cm 3, tensile strength>=16MPa, shock strength 6.4mm (impact of IZOD goods)>=14.5, size changing rate 0.4-0.7%, flexural strength>=75MPa, Shao Er hardness SCALE (D)>=110 °.
Implement 4
According to the preparation method who utilizes waste and old ABS plastic to make composite fiber plate of the present invention, by following its 3), 4) carry out according to the following steps:
Its step 1), 2), 3) with embodiment 2,
Step 4) is: 100 parts of waste and old ABS plastic particles that 7 parts of phase solvents that will obtain through above-mentioned steps 1 and step 2 and 3 obtain mix for 50 parts with wood powder, and add lime carbonate: 4 parts, lubricant: 2 parts and toughner: 10 parts mix; Drop into parallel double-screw extruder again, its extrusion temperature is: 150-180 ℃, the adjustment load is 100-125kg/h; Behind the extruding pelletization 3-5mm; Add whipping agent again: 0.25 part stirs, and sends into single screw extrusion machine, extrudes to dissolve, plastify; Its extrusion temperature is: 150-180 ℃; The adjustment load is 100-125kg/h, sends into the thick conjugated fibre blanks of inclined to one side flat-bed machine head and three-roller calendar compression moulding 1.0-15mm, shearing, finished product.
The composite fiber plate performance index that make: density 1.17g/cm 3, tensile strength>=13.5MPa, shock strength 6.4mm (impact of IZOD goods)>=13, size changing rate 0.4-0.7%, flexural strength>=76MPa, Shao Er hardness SCALE (D)>=110 °.
Implement 5
Step 4) is: 100 parts of waste and old ABS plastic particles that 7 parts of phase solvents that will obtain through above-mentioned steps 1 and step 2 and 3 obtain mix for 60 parts with wood powder, and add lime carbonate: 4 parts, lubricant: 2 parts and toughner: 10 parts mix; Drop into parallel double-screw extruder again, its extrusion temperature is: 125-185 ℃, its extrusion temperature is: 160-190 ℃; The adjustment load is 100-125kg/h, behind the extruding pelletization 3-5mm, adds whipping agent again: 2 parts stir; Send into single screw extrusion machine; Extrude and dissolve, plastify, its extrusion temperature is: 160-190 ℃, the adjustment load is 100-125kg/h; Send into the thick conjugated fibre blanks of inclined to one side flat-bed machine head and three-roller calendar compression moulding 1.0-15mm, shearing, finished product.
The composite fiber plate performance index that make: density 1.18g/cm 3, tensile strength>=12.5MPa, shock strength 6.4mm (impact of IZOD goods)>=11.8, size changing rate 0.4-0.7%, flexural strength>=78MPa, Shao Er hardness SCALE (D)>=112 °.

Claims (7)

1. make composite fiber plate with waste and old ABS plastic for one kind, it is characterized in that comprising that following raw materials in part by weight processes:
Waste and old ABS plastic: 100 parts
Wood powder: 0-60 part
Phase solvent: 4-8 part
Lime carbonate: 1-5 part
Lubricant: 1-2 part
Toughner: 6-12 part,
Described phase solvent is processed by following raw materials in part by weight:
Styrene butadiene ribber multipolymer: 100 parts
Suitable divinyl acid anhydrides: 2-4 part
Di Cumyl Peroxide 99: 0.1-0.35 part,
Described lubricant is: Ployethylene Wax,
Described toughner is: chlorinatedpolyethylene.
2. according to claim 1ly utilize waste and old ABS plastic to make composite fiber plate, it is characterized in that comprising that following raw materials in part by weight processes:
Waste and old ABS plastic: 100 parts
Wood powder: 0-60 part
Phase solvent: 4-8 part
Lime carbonate: 1-5 part
Lubricant: 1-2 part
Toughner: 6-12 part
Whipping agent: 0.1-2 part,
Described whipping agent is: azo-dicarbonamide.
3. according to claim 1ly utilize waste and old ABS plastic to make composite fiber plate, it is characterized in that described phase solvent processed by following raw materials in part by weight:
Styrene butadiene ribber multipolymer: 100 parts
Suitable divinyl acid anhydrides: 2-4 part
Di Cumyl Peroxide 99: 0.2-0.3 part.
4. the waste and old ABS plastic of usefulness according to claim 1 is made composite fiber plate, comprises that following raw materials in part by weight processes: it is characterized in that described
Waste and old ABS plastic: 100 parts
Phase solvent: 5-7 part
Lime carbonate: 2-4 part
Lubricant: 1-2 part
Toughner: 8-10 part.
5. the waste and old ABS plastic of usefulness according to claim 2 is made composite fiber plate, comprises that following raw materials in part by weight processes: it is characterized in that described
Waste and old ABS plastic: 100 parts
Wood powder: 40-50 part
Phase solvent: 5-7 part
Lime carbonate: 2-4 part
Lubricant: 1-2 part
Toughner: 8-10 part
Whipping agent: 0.1-1 part.
6. the described preparation method who utilizes waste and old ABS plastic to make composite fiber plate of a claim 1 is characterized in that by carrying out with the following step:
1) by weight than taking by weighing the styrene butadiene ribber multipolymer: 100 parts, suitable divinyl acid anhydrides: 2-4 part, Di Cumyl Peroxide 99: after 0.1-0.35 part is mixed; Drop into parallel double-screw extruder, make the styrene butadiene ribber multipolymer under the effect of Di Cumyl Peroxide 99 with suitable divinyl acid anhydrides in parallel double-screw extruder, under 90-200 ℃ of five kinds of temperature provinces, dissolve grafting; Its screw rod revolution is: 60-120 rev/min, the adjustment load is 100-125kg/h, is divided into 5 temperature-controlled area territories from feeding port to head; Adopt incremental control drop temperature, the temperature in the 1st temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 90-100 ℃, and the temperature in the 2nd temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 100-125 ℃; The temperature in the 3rd temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 126-136 ℃, and the temperature in the 4th temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 136-172 ℃, and the temperature in the 5th temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 173-200 ℃; Pelletizing behind water-cooled to the normal temperature; Its granularity is 3-5mm, and it is for use to process phase solvent
2) the waste and old ABS plastic of fetching receipts is crushed to 3-5mm,
3) will mix for 100 parts with the waste and old ABS plastic particle that step 2 obtains through phase solvent 4-8 part that above-mentioned steps 1 obtains, and add lime carbonate: 1-5 part, lubricant: 1-2 part and toughner: 6-12 part mixes; Drop into parallel double-screw extruder again, its extrusion temperature is: 125-195 ℃, its screw rod revolution is: 60-120 rev/min; The adjustment load is 100-125kg/h, behind the extruding pelletization 3-5mm, sends into single screw extrusion machine; Extrude and dissolve, plastify; Its extrusion temperature is: 125-195 ℃, its screw rod revolution is: 60-120 rev/min, the adjustment load is 100-125kg/h; Send into the thick conjugated fibre blanks of inclined to one side flat-bed machine head and three-roller calendar compression moulding 1.0-15mm, shearing, finished product.
7. the described preparation method who utilizes waste and old ABS plastic to make composite fiber plate of a claim 2 is characterized in that by carrying out with the following step:
1) by weight than taking by weighing the styrene butadiene ribber multipolymer: 100 parts, suitable divinyl acid anhydrides: 2-4 part, Di Cumyl Peroxide 99: after 0.1-0.35 part is mixed; Drop into parallel double-screw extruder, make the styrene butadiene ribber multipolymer under the effect of Di Cumyl Peroxide 99 with suitable divinyl acid anhydrides in parallel double-screw extruder, under 90-200 ℃ of five kinds of temperature provinces, dissolve its screw rod revolution of grafting and be: 60-120 rev/min; The adjustment load is 100-125kg/h, and feeding port to head is divided into 5 temperature-controlled area territories, adopts incremental control drop temperature; The temperature in the 1st temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 90-100 ℃, and the temperature in the 2nd temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 100-125 ℃, and the temperature in the 3rd temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 126-136 ℃; The temperature in the 4th temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 136-172 ℃; The temperature in the 5th temperature-controlled area territory is controlled at 173-200 ℃, pelletizing behind water-cooled to the normal temperature, and its granularity is 3-5mm; It is for use to process phase solvent
2) the waste and old ABS plastic of fetching receipts is crushed to 3-5mm,
3) with wood powder under 100-110 ℃ of temperature dry 8-15 minute, be dried to water ratio≤0. 4%,
The phase solvent 4-8 part and step 2 that 3) will obtain through above-mentioned steps 1) and 3) 100 parts of the waste and old ABS plastic particles that obtain mix with wood powder 30-60 part, and adding lime carbonate: 1-5 part, lubricant: 1-2 part and toughner: 6-12 part mixes; Drop into parallel double-screw extruder again, its extrusion temperature is: 125-195 ℃, its screw rod revolution is: 60-120 rev/min; The adjustment load is 100-125kg/h, and behind the extruding pelletization 3-5mm, add whipping agent again: 0.1-2 part stirs; Send into single screw extrusion machine, extrude and dissolve, plastify, its extrusion temperature is: 125-195 ℃; Its screw rod revolution is: 60-120 rev/min; The adjustment load is 100-125kg/h, sends into the thick conjugated fibre blanks of inclined to one side flat-bed machine head and three-roller calendar compression moulding 1.0-15mm, shearing, finished product.
CN 201210078219 2012-03-23 2012-03-23 Composite fiberboard prepared with waste acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) plastics and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN102627829B (en)

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CN104045964A (en) * 2014-07-02 2014-09-17 武汉工程大学 Chemical toughening method of waste ABS plastics
CN104151853A (en) * 2014-08-22 2014-11-19 浙江圆德新材料科技有限公司 Preparation method for regenerated wood plastic composite material
CN104602877A (en) * 2012-09-06 2015-05-06 乐金华奥斯株式会社 Wood polymer/plastic composite material available for direct connection construction and method for manufacturing same.
CN109370145A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-02-22 江苏亿超工程塑料有限公司 A kind of preparation method of waste and old ABS/PBT composite material
CN109422995A (en) * 2017-08-24 2019-03-05 合肥杰事杰新材料股份有限公司 A kind of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer composition and preparation method thereof
CN110358278A (en) * 2019-07-01 2019-10-22 武汉市太行冶金材料有限公司 A kind of packaging steel coils flame retardant type plastic sheet PP Pipe Compound and preparation method thereof
CN112537043A (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-03-23 东莞市纳百医疗科技有限公司 Preparation method of high polymer material

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CN1528798A (en) * 2003-10-16 2004-09-15 上海交通大学 Maleic anhydride graft styrene-butadiene-styrene solvent heat-synthesizing method
CN101864118A (en) * 2010-05-28 2010-10-20 金发科技股份有限公司 Styrene-based non-halogen flame-retardant injection-grade wood-plastic composite material and preparation method thereof

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CN1482165A (en) * 2002-12-23 2004-03-17 北京欧尼克环保技术有限公司 Wood plastic foamed material and machine-shaping process thereof
CN1528798A (en) * 2003-10-16 2004-09-15 上海交通大学 Maleic anhydride graft styrene-butadiene-styrene solvent heat-synthesizing method
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104602877A (en) * 2012-09-06 2015-05-06 乐金华奥斯株式会社 Wood polymer/plastic composite material available for direct connection construction and method for manufacturing same.
CN104045964A (en) * 2014-07-02 2014-09-17 武汉工程大学 Chemical toughening method of waste ABS plastics
CN104151853A (en) * 2014-08-22 2014-11-19 浙江圆德新材料科技有限公司 Preparation method for regenerated wood plastic composite material
CN109422995A (en) * 2017-08-24 2019-03-05 合肥杰事杰新材料股份有限公司 A kind of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer composition and preparation method thereof
CN109370145A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-02-22 江苏亿超工程塑料有限公司 A kind of preparation method of waste and old ABS/PBT composite material
CN110358278A (en) * 2019-07-01 2019-10-22 武汉市太行冶金材料有限公司 A kind of packaging steel coils flame retardant type plastic sheet PP Pipe Compound and preparation method thereof
CN112537043A (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-03-23 东莞市纳百医疗科技有限公司 Preparation method of high polymer material

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