CN102582553A - Multilevel anti-collision rear-end preventive buffering device for trucks - Google Patents

Multilevel anti-collision rear-end preventive buffering device for trucks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102582553A
CN102582553A CN2012100686661A CN201210068666A CN102582553A CN 102582553 A CN102582553 A CN 102582553A CN 2012100686661 A CN2012100686661 A CN 2012100686661A CN 201210068666 A CN201210068666 A CN 201210068666A CN 102582553 A CN102582553 A CN 102582553A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
spring
collision
fixed
buffering
lorry
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012100686661A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘伟
Original Assignee
中煤平朔煤业有限责任公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by 中煤平朔煤业有限责任公司 filed Critical 中煤平朔煤业有限责任公司
Priority to CN2012100686661A priority Critical patent/CN102582553A/en
Publication of CN102582553A publication Critical patent/CN102582553A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a multilevel anti-collision rear-end preventive buffering device for trucks, which mainly solves the problem of potential safety hazards caused by collision of cars with trucks. The technical scheme includes that the multilevel anti-collision rear-end preventive buffering device for trucks comprises an anti-collision frame, a suspension fixing beam, a rubber buffering anti-collision beam, a spring decompression buffering device, a damping steel wire rope and the like. The upper end of the spring decompression buffering device is fixed onto the suspension fixing beam through pins, and the lower end of a spring compression rod is fixed on the rubber buffering anti-collision beam through pins. The upper end of damping steel wire rope is fixed onto the suspension fixing beam through pins, and the lower end of the damping steel wire rope is fixed onto the rubber buffering anti-collision beam through pins. The multilevel anti-collision rear-end preventive buffering device for trucks has the advantages of multi-level buffer, high safety and the like.

Description

The anti-multi-buffer anticollision device that knocks into the back of a kind of lorry
Technical field
The invention belongs to auto body attachment technique field, the anti-multi-buffer anticollision device that knocks into the back of specifically a kind of lorry.
Background technology
According to Public Security Department of Ministry of Public Security vehicle in 2011 and steerman management agency statistics, 210812 of the road traffic accidents that the whole nation relates to personal casualty cause 62387 people death altogether, and the load carrying vehicle accident is more outstanding, accounts for 71.8% of the operational accident of whole production.See from the major accident reason, drive over the speed limit, drunken driving, fatigue driving remain the chief reason that causes traffic accident multiple.The death by accident number that causes of particularly driving over the speed limit accounts for 14.2% of whole death tolls, and from the accident place, road conditions see that the accident of express highway still is the trend of rising.Because it is comparatively frequent that the too fast rear-end collision accident that causes of the speed of a motor vehicle takes place, and especially descends at relatively poor environment of driving sight line such as rain, snow, dense fog, nights, occurs the traffic accident of rear-end collision more easily, causes the loss that can't retrieve for people's lives and properties.
In rear-end collision, the car truck that knocks into the back is the higher accident form of proportion, also is a kind of accident form that leads to grievous injury easily simultaneously.Because the vehicle body of truck is higher, small passenger car top is weakest link, and car is easy to get into below the truck, can make the A post of small passenger car directly receive serious crimp, even cutting.And when knocking into the back, the structure of small passenger car body structure has been brought into play not energy-absorbing and the effect of resisting distortion because of the anticollision device of bump less than the lorry afterbody, and then driver and crew in the car are caused serious injury.At present, comprise that a lot of countries and regions of the U.S., Europe and China all require truck to install the bottom collision prevention girders additional at afterbody, when preventing to knock into the back car get into truck below.
Though present high capacity waggon is equipped with anticollision device in tailstock bottom, comes in every shape, there is not concrete unified standard, undercapacity has satisfied not bump.The collision prevention girders installation site of general lorry is higher, and car still can pierce under the car, and the harm meeting is bigger on the contrary not only not have crash-proof effect.Some collision prevention girders still is hinged underslung, performs practically no function, so in rear-end collision, still can cause serious mortal injury, this also will more and more receive publicity on the safe design of automobile from now on.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve existing existing the problems referred to above of lorry anticollision device; The invention provides the anti-multi-buffer anticollision device that knocks into the back of a kind of lorry; Suffered bump played preferably buffering effect and can stop small passenger car to pierce the lorry bottom when it can knock into the back lorry to small passenger car; Ensure driver and crew's safety, effectively reduced amount of vehicle damage and property damage.
The present invention for realizing the technical scheme that above-mentioned purpose is taked is:
The anti-multi-buffer anticollision device that knocks into the back of a kind of lorry; Wherein: the rear portion at the lorry crossbeam is connected with a crashproof framework through bearing pin, is provided with one in the bottom of boxcar and hangs fixed beam, is provided with a rubber cushion bumper beam in the front portion of crashproof framework; On crashproof framework, also be provided with spring pressure-reducing cushioning device and damping wire rope; Said spring pressure-reducing cushioning device is made up of spring, spring strut, length of spring compressed bar and nut, and spring is installed in the spring strut, and the length of spring compressed bar is through the centre of spring; The upper end of length of spring compressed bar is fixed through nut; The lower end of length of spring compressed bar extends to the outside of spring strut, and the upper end of spring pressure-reducing cushioning device is fixed on through bearing pin and hangs on the fixed beam, and the lower end of length of spring compressed bar is fixed on the rubber cushion bumper beam through bearing pin; The upper end of said damping wire rope is fixed on through bearing pin hangs on the fixed beam, and the lower end of damping wire rope is fixed on the rubber cushion bumper beam through bearing pin.
Further, be coated with one deck hollow rubber pad at said rubber cushion bumper beam.
The present invention adopts technique scheme, is connected through bearing pin between anticollision device and the lorry crossbeam, and the rubber cushion bumper beam surface of anticollision device is covered with high resiliency hollow rubber pad, the first order buffering during as collision, and bearing pin is installed in the rear portion of lorry crossbeam; Below the compartment of lorry tail end, install and hang fixed beam, hang and be connected with spring bumper and damping wire rope between fixed beam and the anticollision device, spring bumper is as the second stage buffering after colliding; After anticollision device was clashed into, spring was compressed energy-absorbing and is compressed to when closing on ultimate limit state at it, and the damping wire rope is tightened up, and this moment is simultaneously stressed with spring bumper, carries out multi-buffer and shock damping action, stoped small passenger car to pierce the lorry bottom.Because just there is crashproof and energy-absorbing effect the front portion of small passenger car own, crashproof depth of beam should be consistent with the height of the anticollision device of small passenger car, so short rear anti-crash device can actv. stops small passenger car to pierce the afterbody of lorry, reduces personnel's injures and deaths.
If will produce bigger impulsive force when the speed of small passenger car is too high, under worst situation, possibly produce destruction to spring bumper and damping wire rope; When spring bumper and damping wire rope all lost efficacy; The collision prevention girders of anticollision device will drop on the ground voluntarily, and still can form a wedged gap with truck chassis this moment, and small passenger car will be stuck in this triangulation reference district; There is the rigid construction of engine bin and the portion of car predecessor of small passenger car to be out of shape and absorbs Impact energy; And small passenger car can not pierce lorry bottom, and the driver and crew in the car have been played good protection, avoided injures and deaths and greatly degree minimizing the damage rate of vehicle.In a word, the anti-multi-buffer anticollision device that knocks into the back of lorry of the present invention can carry out multi-buffer and shock damping action to the small passenger car that knocks into the back; Effectively avoid driver and crew's the injures and deaths and the loss of property; The present invention is simple and practical in addition, easy for installation in addition, the crashproof advantage such as effective of multi-buffer.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the small passenger car lorry bump first step scheme drawing that knocks into the back;
Fig. 2 small passenger car second step of lorry bump scheme drawing that knocks into the back;
Fig. 3 small passenger car knock into the back lorry clash into the 3rd the step scheme drawing;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of anticollision device of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the lateral plan of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the birds-eye view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of this practical anticollision device medi-spring pressure-reducing cushioning device.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
Extremely shown in Figure 7 like Fig. 1; The anti-multi-buffer anticollision device that knocks into the back of a kind of lorry, wherein: the rear portion at lorry crossbeam 1 is connected with a crashproof framework 3 through bearing pin 2, and 8 bottom is provided with one and hangs fixed beam 4 in the boxcar; Be provided with a rubber cushion bumper beam 5 in the front portion of crashproof framework 3; Rubber cushion bumper beam 5 be coated with one deck high resiliency hollow rubber pad, on crashproof framework 3, also be provided with spring pressure-reducing cushioning device 6 and damping wire rope 7, said spring pressure-reducing cushioning device 6 is made up of spring 11, spring strut 10, length of spring compressed bar 9 and nut 12; Spring 11 is installed in the spring strut 10; Length of spring compressed bar 9 is through the centre of spring 11, and the upper end of length of spring compressed bar 9 is fixing through nut 12, and the lower end of length of spring compressed bar 9 extends to the outside of spring strut 10; The upper end of spring pressure-reducing cushioning device 6 is fixed on through bearing pin and hangs on the fixed beam 4, and the lower end of length of spring compressed bar 9 is fixed on the rubber cushion bumper beam 5 through bearing pin; The upper end of said damping wire rope 7 is fixed on through bearing pin hangs on the fixed beam 4, and the lower end of damping wire rope 7 is fixed on the rubber cushion bumper beam 5 through bearing pin.

Claims (2)

1. a lorry prevents knocking into the back the multi-buffer anticollision device; It is characterized in that: the rear portion at lorry crossbeam (1) is connected with a crashproof framework (3) through bearing pin (2); The bottom of (8) is provided with one and hangs fixed beam (4) in the boxcar; Be provided with a rubber cushion bumper beam (5) in the front portion of crashproof framework (3); On crashproof framework (3), also be provided with spring pressure-reducing cushioning device (6) and damping wire rope (7); Said spring pressure-reducing cushioning device (6) is made up of spring (11), spring strut (10), length of spring compressed bar (9) and nut (12), and spring (11) is installed in the spring strut (10), and length of spring compressed bar (9) is through the centre of spring (11); The upper end of length of spring compressed bar (9) is fixing through nut (12); The lower end of length of spring compressed bar (9) extends to the outside of spring strut (10), and the upper end of spring pressure-reducing cushioning device (6) is fixed on through bearing pin and hangs on the fixed beam (4), and the lower end of length of spring compressed bar (9) is fixed on the rubber cushion bumper beam (5) through bearing pin; The upper end of said damping wire rope (7) is fixed on through bearing pin hangs on the fixed beam (4), and the lower end of damping wire rope (7) is fixed on the rubber cushion bumper beam (5) through bearing pin.
2. the anti-multi-buffer anticollision device that knocks into the back of a kind of lorry according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be coated with one deck hollow rubber pad at said rubber cushion bumper beam (5).
CN2012100686661A 2012-03-16 2012-03-16 Multilevel anti-collision rear-end preventive buffering device for trucks CN102582553A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012100686661A CN102582553A (en) 2012-03-16 2012-03-16 Multilevel anti-collision rear-end preventive buffering device for trucks

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012100686661A CN102582553A (en) 2012-03-16 2012-03-16 Multilevel anti-collision rear-end preventive buffering device for trucks

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CN102582553A true CN102582553A (en) 2012-07-18

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106347276A (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-01-25 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 Vehicle rear protection
CN106427853A (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-02-22 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 Rear protection for vehicle
CN106427852A (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-02-22 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 Vehicle rear protector
CN106740602A (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-05-31 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 Vehicle rear protecting
EP3398810A1 (en) * 2017-04-21 2018-11-07 Fahrzeugwerk Bernard Krone GmbH & Co. KG Compact rear end of utility vehicles with extendible rear end
CN111216665A (en) * 2020-03-17 2020-06-02 胡世鑫 Vehicle rear part buffer stop

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3913963A (en) * 1973-08-14 1975-10-21 Road Research Ltd Shock or energy absorbing apparatus
US4247138A (en) * 1979-04-06 1981-01-27 Quinton Hazell Limited Shock absorbing apparatus for vehicles
US4359239A (en) * 1980-12-15 1982-11-16 The Budd Company Underride device for a trailer or truck
EP1870291A1 (en) * 2006-06-24 2007-12-26 Wielton Sa Communication fender particulary for semitrailer
CN202499100U (en) * 2012-03-16 2012-10-24 中煤平朔煤业有限责任公司 Rear-end prevention multi-stage buffer anti-collision device of truck

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3913963A (en) * 1973-08-14 1975-10-21 Road Research Ltd Shock or energy absorbing apparatus
US4247138A (en) * 1979-04-06 1981-01-27 Quinton Hazell Limited Shock absorbing apparatus for vehicles
US4359239A (en) * 1980-12-15 1982-11-16 The Budd Company Underride device for a trailer or truck
EP1870291A1 (en) * 2006-06-24 2007-12-26 Wielton Sa Communication fender particulary for semitrailer
CN202499100U (en) * 2012-03-16 2012-10-24 中煤平朔煤业有限责任公司 Rear-end prevention multi-stage buffer anti-collision device of truck

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106347276A (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-01-25 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 Vehicle rear protection
CN106427853A (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-02-22 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 Rear protection for vehicle
CN106427852A (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-02-22 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 Vehicle rear protector
CN106740602A (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-05-31 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 Vehicle rear protecting
EP3398810A1 (en) * 2017-04-21 2018-11-07 Fahrzeugwerk Bernard Krone GmbH & Co. KG Compact rear end of utility vehicles with extendible rear end
CN111216665A (en) * 2020-03-17 2020-06-02 胡世鑫 Vehicle rear part buffer stop

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Application publication date: 20120718

C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)