CN102563745B - Heat accumulating type heated brick bed capable of supplying hot air - Google Patents

Heat accumulating type heated brick bed capable of supplying hot air Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102563745B
CN102563745B CN 201210026522 CN201210026522A CN102563745B CN 102563745 B CN102563745 B CN 102563745B CN 201210026522 CN201210026522 CN 201210026522 CN 201210026522 A CN201210026522 A CN 201210026522A CN 102563745 B CN102563745 B CN 102563745B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brick bed
combustion chamber
heatable brick
fire door
fire
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201210026522
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102563745A (en
Inventor
庄宇
刘兴山
张秀丽
徐超
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Liaoning Technical University
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Liaoning Technical University
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Priority to CN 201210026522 priority Critical patent/CN102563745B/en
Publication of CN102563745A publication Critical patent/CN102563745A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102563745B publication Critical patent/CN102563745B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a heat accumulating type heated brick bed capable of supplying hot air, which comprises a heat source body, a pebble heat accumulating bed, heated brick bed plates and a chimney, wherein the heated brick bed plates are supported on the ground by heated brick bed plate pillars; a gap between the heated brick bed plates and the pebble heat accumulating bed is a heated brick bed body smoke and fire channel; the chimney is arranged to be perpendicular to the heated brick bed plates and communicated with the heated brick bed body smoke and fire channel; the heat source body comprises a biomass hot blast furnace and a heating pipe; the biomass hot blast furnace comprises a combustion chamber of which an outer end is opened, and a smoke and fire outlet which is arranged at an inner end of the biomass hot blast furnace; the smoke and fire outlet is communicated with the heated brick bed body smoke and fire channel; a dust accumulating pool is arranged below the smoke and fire outlet; the combustion chamber is provided with a furnace door; a lower side of the furnace door is arranged on a furnace door shaft; the furnace door shaft is fixed on a lower part of the combustion chamber; a fire grate is arranged below the combustion chamber; an ash falling box is arranged below the fire grate; an upside of the combustion chamber is fixedly connected with an air feeding chamber; an air pipe is fixed at an inner end of the air feeding chamber; an inlet of the air pipe is communicated with the air feeding chamber, and an outlet of the air pipe is communicated with an inlet of the heating pipe; the heating pipe is arranged in the heated brick bed body smoke and fire channel; an outlet of the heating pipe is connected with an air discharge pipe; and an outlet of the air discharge pipe is arranged out of the heated brick bed and is led to an indoor space.

Description

A kind of accumulation of heat heated kang of hot blast feeding
Technical field
The present invention relates to heating of house facility technology field, be specifically related to a kind of accumulation of heat heated kang of hot blast feeding.
Background technology
At present, the mode heating such as traditional heated kang, wall with flues, stove, native heating installation are still continued to use in the rural area of northern China cold district, and wherein heated kang is topmost heating system, and country residents is many and disperse, and heating area is large, more difficultly realize central heating; Simultaneously, heated kang can use any type of biomass fuel, can not increase peasant's financial burden.Traditional heated kang ubiquity fuel wood consumption is large, waste fuel, and the indoor radiating amount is few, and the thermal efficiency is low, the problem that the indoor heating effect is bad, and approximately have 60 ~ 70% thermal waste to fall; The a heatable brick bed surface temperature is inhomogeneous, the accumulation of heat weak effect, and especially nobody continues to add and burns fuel wood and cause a heatable brick bed face and indoor temperature to descend owing to having a rest at night, and the room comfort level is poor.
Summary of the invention
Low and the poor problem of heating indoor thermal comfort for the existing heated kang thermal efficiency the invention provides the accumulation of heat heated kang of a kind of convenience, cleaning, environmental protection, energy-conservation hot blast feeding.
the accumulation of heat heated kang of hot blast feeding provided by the invention, comprise heat source body, the pebble heat storage bed, a heatable brick bed plate and chimney, be provided with a heatable brick bed face of coating type above a heatable brick bed plate, the a heatable brick bed plate by a heatable brick bed plate shore supports on the ground, leave the gap between a heatable brick bed plate and pebble heat storage bed and form a heatable brick bed body fireworks channel, chimney is arranged and outer end opening perpendicular to a heatable brick bed plate, a heatable brick bed body fireworks channel is offered discharge flue with the chimney junction is communicated with both, described heat source body comprises biomass thermal wind furnace and steam heating pipe, the biomass thermal wind furnace comprises fire door, the combustion chamber, plenum chamber, fire grate, ash bin and airduct fall, the combustion chamber is the uncovered body structure in outer end, the inner offers the pyrotechnics outlet, the pyrotechnics outlet is communicated with a heatable brick bed body fireworks channel, the outer side-lower of pyrotechnics outlet is provided with the dust stratification pond, the entry of combustion chamber place is provided with fire door, the fire door downside is arranged on the fire door axle, the fire door axle is fixed on the outside of bottom, combustion chamber, the fire door top is provided with the fire door card, the below, combustion chamber is provided with the fire grate of clearance type, the fire grate below is provided with ash bin, the top, combustion chamber is fixedly connected with the plenum chamber of arc, plenum chamber covers on the top, combustion chamber, plenum chamber lower edge and combustion chamber upper limb fitted seal, the sealing of plenum chamber outer end, the inner is provided with the gas outlet, the gas outlet is welded and fixed airduct, the airduct arrival end is communicated with plenum chamber, the wind tube outlet end is fixed and is connected with the steam heating pipe entrance, steam heating pipe by be arranged on pebble heat storage bed inside the steam heating pipe bracket support, the even interval of steam heating pipe is arranged side by side in a heatable brick bed body fireworks channel, the steam heating pipe port of export is connected with discharge pipe, the discharge pipe port of export is arranged on heated kang and leads to the indoor of need heating outward.
Described plenum chamber one side is fixedly connected with ajutage, ajutage is communicated with the plenum chamber junction, the ajutage other end is connected with the speed governing blast blower of heated kang outside, the speed governing blast blower connection is arranged on outdoor home-use wind-driven generator, regulate in airduct by the speed that changes speed governing blast blower and send into speed and the size of hot blast, thereby realize the adjustment of indoor temperature.
Described fall ash bin and ground relative sliding setting, the ash bin outside of falling is provided with the ash bin handle, and the biomass thermal wind furnace be extracted and be sent into to the ash bin that falls can out by the ash bin handle that falls.
Described fire door card is arranged on axis, and axis is fixed on outside plenum chamber, and the fire door card can rotate around axis, and the axis outer end is provided with clip shutter and prevents that the fire door card from dropping from axis.
Described ajutage, combustion chamber, plenum chamber, airduct, steam heating pipe and discharge pipe are heating resisting metal and make.
During use, the pyrotechnics that adds the combustion chamber to light rear generation the biomass fuels such as agricultural crop straw enters a heatable brick bed body fireworks channel, the a heatable brick bed face namely is heated, air in plenum chamber also is heated simultaneously, cobble heat energy storage when the hot flue gas after burning passes through a heatable brick bed body fireworks channel in heating pebble heat storage bed, heat simultaneously the air in steam heating pipe, flue gas is discharged outdoor finally by chimney; The biomass fuel afterburnt is closed fire door, the interior air of a heatable brick bed body is no longer circulated, open the power switch of speed governing blast blower, be connected with ajutage between speed governing blast blower and plenum chamber, the hot-air in plenum chamber can be sent into indoor via airduct, steam heating pipe and discharge pipe under the effect of advertising of speed governing blast blower, indoor cold air replenishes into air blast again, the quick convective motion of cold and hot air like this, form hot air-conditioning effect, indoor will the intensification very soon, speed governing blast blower running required electric power is supplied with by being arranged on outdoor home-use wind-driven generator, environmental protection and saves energy.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
(1) this heated kang can be used for the heat energy after biomass fuel combustion simultaneously to be stored in the accumulation of heat of pebble heat storage bed, the heating a heatable brick bed face in a heatable brick bed body and send into the air of heating indoor, more traditional heated kang thermal loss is little, utilization rate is high, can make a heatable brick bed face length time reach needed by human body thermal comfort temperature, and it is few to produce the fuel of same heat input;
(2) combustion chamber below is provided with the movable ash bin that falls, and can extract out and send into the biomass thermal wind furnace by the ash bin handle that the falls ash bin that will fall, and makes the convenient and cleaning of the removing of fuel ashes;
(3) plenum chamber connects speed governing blast blower by ajutage, sends into the hot-air that adds in plenum chamber indoor by the effect of advertising of speed governing blast blower, makes indoor intensification, indoor cold air replenishes into air blast simultaneously, the quick convective motion of cold and hot air like this forms hot air-conditioning effect, good heating effect.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the heated kang overall structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the plan structure schematic diagram that the heated kang of the embodiment of the present invention is removed a heatable brick bed face;
Fig. 3 is the hot-blast stove structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the left TV structure schematic diagram of the hot-blast stove of embodiment of the present invention fire door closed condition;
Fig. 5 is the right TV structure schematic diagram of the hot-blast stove of the embodiment of the present invention;
In figure: 1 combustion chamber, 2 a heatable brick bed body fireworks channels, 3 a heatable brick bed faces, 4 pebble heat storage beds, 5 steam heating pipes, 6 chimneys, 7 speed governing blast blowers, 8 ajutages, 9 plenum chambers, 10 airducts, 11 slip-knots, 12 discharge pipes, 13 fire doors, 14 ash bins that fall, 15 fire grates, 16 fire door cards, 17 axis, 18 clip shutters, 19 fire door axles, 20 fall ash bin handles, 21 pyrotechnics outlets, 22 a heatable brick bed plates, 23 dust stratification ponds, 24 a heatable brick bed plate pillars, 25 steam heating pipe carriages.
The specific embodiment
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
as Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, the accumulation of heat heated kang of hot blast feeding of the present invention, comprise heat source body, pebble heat storage bed 4, a heatable brick bed plate 22 and chimney 6, be provided with a heatable brick bed face 3 of coating type above a heatable brick bed plate 22, a heatable brick bed face 3 is the earth oven dry of wiping one's face, a heatable brick bed plate 22 is precast rc slab, a heatable brick bed plate 22 is supported on the ground by a heatable brick bed plate pillar 24, a heatable brick bed plate pillar 24 is brick setting, leave the gap between a heatable brick bed plate 22 and pebble heat storage bed 4 and form a heatable brick bed body fireworks channel 2, chimney 6 is arranged and outer end opening perpendicular to a heatable brick bed plate 22, a heatable brick bed body fireworks channel 2 is offered discharge flue with chimney 6 junctions is communicated with both, described heat source body comprises biomass thermal wind furnace and steam heating pipe 5, as Fig. 3, shown in Figure 4, the biomass thermal wind furnace comprises fire door 13, combustion chamber 1, plenum chamber 9, fire grate 15, ash bin 14 and airduct 10 fall, combustion chamber 1 is the uncovered body structure in outer end, the inner offers pyrotechnics outlet 21, pyrotechnics outlet 21 is communicated with a heatable brick bed body fireworks channel 2, pyrotechnics outlet 21 outer side-lowers are provided with dust stratification pond 23, 1 porch, combustion chamber is provided with fire door 13, fire door 13 downsides are arranged on fire door axle 19, fire door axle 19 is fixed on the outside of 1 bottom, combustion chamber, fire door 13 tops are provided with fire door card 16, 1 below, combustion chamber is provided with the fire grate 15 of clearance type, fire grate 15 belows are provided with ash bin 14, 1 top, combustion chamber is fixedly connected with the plenum chamber 9 of arc, plenum chamber 9 covers on 1 top, combustion chamber, plenum chamber 9 lower edges and combustion chamber 1 upper limb fitted seal, plenum chamber 9 outer end sealings, the inner is provided with the gas outlet, the gas outlet is welded and fixed airduct 10, airduct 10 arrival ends are communicated with plenum chamber 9, airduct 10 ports of export are fixed and are connected with steam heating pipe 5 entrances, airduct 10 is due to the long sectional making that adopts, utilize slip-knot 11 to connect between every section, airduct 10 arrival ends are communicated with plenum chamber 9, airduct 10 ports of export are set to three minutes branch wind pipes, each divides branch wind pipe to be connected with steam heating pipe 5 entrances, steam heating pipe 5 is by steam heating pipe carriage 25 supports that are arranged on pebble heat storage bed 4 inside, steam heating pipe carriage 25 is made for the round steel welding, three steam heating pipe 5 even intervals are arranged side by side in a heatable brick bed body fireworks channel 2, steam heating pipe 5 ports of export are connected with discharge pipe 12, discharge pipe 12 ports of export are arranged on heated kang and lead to the indoor of need heating outward.
Described plenum chamber 9 one sides are welded with ajutage 8, ajutage 8 is communicated with plenum chamber 9 junctions, ajutage 8 other ends are connected with the speed governing blast blower 7 of heated kang outside, speed governing blast blower 7 connects by wire and is arranged on outdoor home-use wind-driven generator, regulate in airduct 10 by the speed that changes speed governing blast blower 7 and send into speed and the size of hot blast, thereby realize the adjustment of indoor temperature.
Described fall ash bin 14 and ground relative sliding setting, ash bin 14 outsides of falling are provided with ash bin handle 20, and the biomass thermal wind furnace be extracted and be sent into to the ash bin 14 that falls can out by the ash bin handle 20 that falls.
Described fire door card 16 is arranged on axis 17, axis 17 is fixed on outside plenum chamber 9, fire door card 16 can be around axis 17 rotations, axis 17 outer ends are provided with clip shutter 18 and prevent that fire door card 16 from dropping from axis 17, when fire door card 16 rotates to the upright position, the fire door 13 of closing is locked, and during fire door card 16 rotating water mean place, fire door 13 can be opened.
Described ajutage 8, biomass thermal wind furnace, airduct 10, steam heating pipe 5 and discharge pipe 12 are heating resisting metal and make.
utilize accumulation of heat heated kang provided by the invention, every day winter heating phase, Morning Afternoon Evening was utilized respectively 8 kilograms of the dried maize straws of biomass thermal wind furnace burning for three times, adopting power is the speed governing blast blower 7 of 30W, power is the home-use wind-driven generator of 500W, speed governing blast blower interruption work 7 every day accumulative total 10 hours, the agriculture residence that can the guarantee construction area 100 ㎡ wherein 60 average heating temperatures in ㎡ room reaches 18 ℃, the kitchen, the auxiliary room such as warehouse average room temperature reaches 10 ℃, but compare fuel saving more than 70% with ordinary heating cooking stove or heated kang, agriculture residence electricity consumption every day of construction area 100 ㎡ is 0.3 degree only, after opening speed governing blast blower, can improve 1 ℃ of indoor temperature in every 10 minutes, reach required heat supply temperature and can close speed governing blast blower 7 when indoor, night for guarantee the indoor thermal comfort temperature always low grade open speed governing blast blower 7, and make air blast be in the noiseless state, save the energy.
Practice shows, the accumulation of heat heated kang of hot blast feeding of the present invention is combined the biomass thermal wind furnace with energy storage heated kang, save biomass fuel, thermal comfort and the overall efficiency of heated kang self have greatly been improved, improved to a certain extent the thermal environment quality of agriculture residence, significant to improving China's rural area heating condition, and its energy-conserving and environment-protective, promotional value is very large.

Claims (5)

1. the accumulation of heat heated kang of a hot blast feeding, comprise heat source body, the pebble heat storage bed, a heatable brick bed plate and chimney, be provided with a heatable brick bed face of coating type above a heatable brick bed plate, the a heatable brick bed plate by a heatable brick bed plate shore supports on the ground, leave the gap between a heatable brick bed plate and pebble heat storage bed and form a heatable brick bed body fireworks channel, chimney is arranged and outer end opening perpendicular to a heatable brick bed plate, a heatable brick bed body fireworks channel is offered discharge flue with the chimney junction is communicated with both, it is characterized in that: described heat source body comprises biomass thermal wind furnace and steam heating pipe, the biomass thermal wind furnace comprises fire door, the combustion chamber, plenum chamber, fire grate, ash bin and airduct fall, the combustion chamber is the uncovered body structure in outer end, the inner offers the pyrotechnics outlet, the pyrotechnics outlet is communicated with a heatable brick bed body fireworks channel, the outer side-lower of pyrotechnics outlet is provided with the dust stratification pond, the entry of combustion chamber place is provided with fire door, the fire door downside is arranged on the fire door axle, the fire door axle is fixed on the outside of bottom, combustion chamber, the fire door top is provided with the fire door card, the below, combustion chamber is provided with the fire grate of clearance type, the fire grate below is provided with ash bin, the top, combustion chamber is fixedly connected with the plenum chamber of arc, plenum chamber covers on the top, combustion chamber, plenum chamber lower edge and combustion chamber upper limb fitted seal, the sealing of plenum chamber outer end, the inner is provided with the gas outlet, the gas outlet is welded and fixed airduct, the airduct arrival end is communicated with plenum chamber, the wind tube outlet end is fixed and is connected with the steam heating pipe entrance, steam heating pipe by be arranged on pebble heat storage bed inside the steam heating pipe bracket support, the even interval of steam heating pipe is arranged side by side in a heatable brick bed body fireworks channel, the steam heating pipe port of export is connected with discharge pipe, the discharge pipe port of export is arranged on heated kang and leads to the indoor of need heating outward.
2. the accumulation of heat heated kang of hot blast feeding according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described plenum chamber one side is fixedly connected with ajutage, ajutage is communicated with the plenum chamber junction, the ajutage other end is connected with the speed governing blast blower of heated kang outside, and the speed governing blast blower connection is arranged on outdoor home-use wind-driven generator.
3. the accumulation of heat heated kang of hot blast feeding according to claim 1 is characterized in that described fall ash bin and ground relative sliding setting, and the ash bin outside of falling is provided with the ash bin handle.
4. the accumulation of heat heated kang of hot blast feeding according to claim 1, is characterized in that described fire door card is arranged on axis, and axis is fixed on outside plenum chamber, and the fire door card can rotate around axis, and the axis outer end is provided with clip shutter.
5. the accumulation of heat heated kang of hot blast feeding according to claim 1, is characterized in that described ajutage, combustion chamber, plenum chamber, airduct, steam heating pipe and discharge pipe are heating resisting metal and make.
CN 201210026522 2012-02-07 2012-02-07 Heat accumulating type heated brick bed capable of supplying hot air Expired - Fee Related CN102563745B (en)

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CN 201210026522 CN102563745B (en) 2012-02-07 2012-02-07 Heat accumulating type heated brick bed capable of supplying hot air

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201210026522 CN102563745B (en) 2012-02-07 2012-02-07 Heat accumulating type heated brick bed capable of supplying hot air

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CN102563745B true CN102563745B (en) 2013-11-06

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103017246B (en) * 2012-12-28 2015-05-27 辽宁工程技术大学 Heat storage pit warm in winter and cool in summer
CN103673057B (en) * 2013-12-24 2016-08-17 郭湘江 Heated brick bed type floor heating structure
CN103939976A (en) * 2014-05-16 2014-07-23 中天新能住宅技术有限公司 Heating phase degree thermal storage bed
CN110017527A (en) * 2019-03-06 2019-07-16 山西省农业生态环境建设总站 A kind of connection a heatable brick bed thermal cycling process
CN110567154A (en) * 2019-09-19 2019-12-13 姜立明 Hot air generating device and application thereof, and household heated kang system

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2781214Y (en) * 2005-02-18 2006-05-17 梁志 Hot-blast heating device
CN201903081U (en) * 2010-12-13 2011-07-20 天津城市建设学院 Heat accumulating type heated brick bed
CN202452586U (en) * 2012-02-07 2012-09-26 辽宁工程技术大学 Heat storage heated brick bed capable of supplying hot air

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2781214Y (en) * 2005-02-18 2006-05-17 梁志 Hot-blast heating device
CN201903081U (en) * 2010-12-13 2011-07-20 天津城市建设学院 Heat accumulating type heated brick bed
CN202452586U (en) * 2012-02-07 2012-09-26 辽宁工程技术大学 Heat storage heated brick bed capable of supplying hot air

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Granted publication date: 20131106

Termination date: 20140207