CN1025349C - Hard-surface cleaning compositions - Google Patents

Hard-surface cleaning compositions Download PDF

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CN1025349C
CN1025349C CN 90102261 CN90102261A CN1025349C CN 1025349 C CN1025349 C CN 1025349C CN 90102261 CN90102261 CN 90102261 CN 90102261 A CN90102261 A CN 90102261A CN 1025349 C CN1025349 C CN 1025349C
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composition
composition according
ethanol
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CN1046553A (en
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伊安·康恩
约翰·卡雷尔·埃马·迪韦利
艾迪·约翰·埃德蒙·沃斯
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普罗格特-甘布尔公司
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/43Solvents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D17/00Detergent materials characterised by their shape or physical properties
    • C11D17/0043For use with aerosol devices
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/26Organic compounds containing nitrogen
    • C11D3/30Amines; Substituted amines ; Quaternized amines

Abstract

公开了硬表面清洗组合物,它含有阴离子表面活性剂铵盐,单乙醇铵、二乙醇铵或三乙醇铵或它们的混合物,以及一种溶剂体系;该组合物呈碱性pH。 Discloses a hard surface cleaning composition comprising an anionic surfactant ammonium, monoethanol ammonium, diethanol ammonium or triethanolammonium, or a mixture thereof, and a solvent system; the alkaline composition pH.

Description

本发明涉及能同时提供良好的清洗效能与光亮效果的硬表面清洗组合物。 The present invention relates to provide both excellent cleaning performance and shine performance of the hard surface cleaning composition.

硬表面清洗组合物在工艺上已众所周知,多年来其清洗效能已大有改进。 Hard surface cleaning compositions are well known in the process, which over the years has been much improved cleaning performance. 但是在集中注意清洗效能的同时遇到了一个新问题,即,用这些组合物时除非对已清洗过的表面再进行淋洗,否则其光亮效果不好。 But in focusing on cleaning performance while experiencing a new problem, that is, when the use of these compositions unless the surface has been cleaned and then rinsed, or not its light effects. 也就是说,用一种不淋洗型的硬表面清洗剂,良好的光亮效果与优良的清洗性能不能兼得。 That is, in a hard surface cleaners are not rinsed type, good shine performance and excellent cleaning performance can not have both. 确实,大多数组合物在使用时在清洗过的表面上留下条纹和/或残留膜,结果所清洗过的表面外观不好。 Indeed, leaving streaks and / or a residual film on most of the compositions in use, the cleaned surfaces, results cleaned surface appearance is not good.

在用硬表面清洗剂清洗窗玻璃或镜子时上述问题尤其讨厌,因为残留膜更为明显。 The above-described problem is particularly troublesome when cleaning window glass or mirrors with a hard surface cleaner, because the residual film is more obvious.

就窗玻璃而言,曾配制了形成“挥发性”清洗剂的组合物,它有效地解决了这一问题;但是,不是所有表面都能用这类组合物清洗,因为它们常常含有会溶解某些物质的溶剂。 On the glazing, the preparation has formed the "volatile" detergent composition which effectively address this problem; however, not all surfaces can be cleaned with such compositions, as they will often contain a dissolved these substances solvents. 另外,这些组合物还有其它缺点,例如易燃性和有害的气味。 Further, these compositions have other disadvantages, such as flammability and harmful odors.

作为一种可采用的方法,曾经配制了一些氨含量较高的组合物。 As a method may be employed, it has formulated a number of high ammonia content of the composition. 就成膜/条纹问题而言,用氨是含人满意的,但是从安全及产品的审美角度来看,则很不理想。 In terms of filming / streaking problems with ammonia containing satisfactory, but aesthetically and product safety point of view, it is far from ideal. 确实,氨的存在使产品的气味难闻。 Indeed, the presence of ammonia smelling products.

美国专利3,591,510号公开的硬表面清洗剂含有可能是铵盐形式的表面活性剂、一种混合溶剂、和一种水溶性助洗剂。 Hard surface cleaners disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 3,591,510 may be ammonium salts containing a surfactant, a mixture solvent, and a water-soluble builder.

美国专利3,591,509号公开的组合物含有可能是铵盐形式的表面活性剂、一种混合溶剂、一种水溶性助洗剂和一种水溶性羧甲基纤维素。 U.S. Patent No. 3,591,509 discloses a composition comprising an ammonium salt may be in the form of a surfactant, a mixture solvent, a water soluble builder and a water-soluble carboxymethylcellulose.

英国专利2160887号公开了一种组合物,它含有一种阴离子表面活性剂,水溶性与水不溶性醇以及一种有机溶剂。 British Patent No. 2,160,887 discloses a composition comprising an anionic surfactant, water-soluble and water-insoluble alcohols and an organic solvent.

日本专利62034998公开的组合物含有一种阴离子表面活性剂盐,一种水溶性溶剂,氯氧化钠或钾,以及单乙醇胺。 Japanese Patent No. 62,034,998 disclosed composition comprises an anionic surfactant salt, a water-soluble solvent, sodium or potassium chloride, and monoethanolamine.

日本专利58101198号公开的组合物含有链烷醇胺、一种阴离子与非离子表面活性剂的混合物和聚丙二醇。 Japanese Patent No. 58101198 discloses compositions containing alkanolamine, a mixture of anionic and nonionic surfactant and polypropylene glycol.

本发明的目的之一是提供液态的硬表面清洗组合物,即使在不淋洗的情况下使用时,它们也具有优良的清洗效能和良好的光亮效果。 One object of the present invention is to provide a liquid hard surface cleaning compositions, even when used without leaching, they also have excellent cleaning performance and excellent shine performance.

本发明的另一目的是提供液态的硬表面清洗组合物,它能用于任何表面,对玻璃尤其有效。 Another object of the present invention to provide a liquid hard surface cleaning composition, it can be used on any surface, particularly effective for glass.

本发明的另一目的是提供一种适用于任何分散装置、尤其是适用于喷雾分散器的硬表面清洗剂。 Another object of the present invention is to provide a means for any dispersion, especially hard surface cleaners suitable for spray dispensers.

本发明还有一个目的,即,提供不含氨、因此没有有害气味的组合物。 Another object of the present invention, i.e., providing non-ammonia, there is no noxious odors in the composition.

由下面的叙述可以看出本发明的其它目的和优点。 As it can be seen from the following description other objects and advantages of the present invention.

本发明提供了硬表面清洗组合物,其pH至少为8.5,含有:-占组合物总重量0.04%至0.6%的阴离子表面活性剂铵盐,-占组合物总重量0.2%至2.0%的单乙醇胺、二乙醇胺或三乙醇胺,或它们的混合物,-占组合物总重量3%至14%的溶剂体系。 The present invention provides a hard surface cleaning composition having a pH of at least 8.5, comprising: - from 0.04% to to 0.6% of the total weight of the composition of anionic surfactants ammonium salts, - 0.2% to 2.0% of the total weight of the composition single ethanolamine, diethanolamine or triethanolamine, or mixtures thereof, - representing 3-14% of the total weight of the composition solvent system.

本发明的组合物含有阴离子表面活性剂铵盐,其含量为组合物总重量的0.04%至0.6%,最好是从0.07%至0.45%。 The composition of the present invention contains an anionic surface active agent is an ammonium salt, in an amount of from .04 to 0.6% of the total weight of the composition, preferably from 0.07 to 0.45 percent.

这里所用的阴离子表面活性剂包括烷基苯磺酸盐或硫酸盐、链烷烃磺酸盐、烯属磺酸盐、脂肪酸磺酸盐和脂肪酸酯磺酸盐,以及在洗涤剂工业、中所熟知的类似物质。 Anionic surfactants herein include alkyl benzene sulfonates or sulfates, paraffin sulfonates, olefin sulfonates, sulfonates of fatty acids and fatty acid ester sulfonates, and detergent industries, as in well-known similar materials. 乙氧基化的品种也适用,例如烷基聚乙氧基硫酸盐和磺化琥珀酸盐。 Ethoxylated species are also suitable, such as alkyl polyethoxy sulfates and sulfosuccinates.

适用于本明的较好的表面活性剂是C8-C18烷基苯磺酸盐和C8-C18烷基聚乙氧基硫酸盐。 Ming useful in the present preferred surfactants are C8-C18 alkyl benzene sulfonates and C8-C18 alkyl polyethoxylate sulfates.

用于实施本发明的最好是C8-C18直链烷基苯磺酸盐和3倍乙氧基化C8-C18烷基硫酸盐的混合物。 For the embodiment of the present invention is preferably C8-C18 linear alkylbenzene sulfonate and 3 times ethoxylated C8-C18 alkyl sulfate mixture.

组合物中的所有的阴离子表面活性剂均以其铵盐形式存在。 Surfactants are present in the form of all its anionic salt composition.

本发明的组合物还含有占组合物总重量0.2%至2.0%的单乙醇胺、二乙醇胺或三乙醇胺、或它们的混合物,最好是从0.35%至0.75%。 The composition of the present invention further contains 0.2% to 2.0% by weight of the total composition of monoethanolamine, diethanolamine or triethanolamine, or mixtures thereof, preferably from 0.35 to 0.75%. 组合物最好是含有上述含量的单乙醇胺。 The composition preferably contains the content of monoethanolamine.

重要的是,本发明的组合物的pH至少为8.5,最好是10.5。 Important that, pH of the composition according to the present invention is at least 8.5, preferably 10.5.

组合物的碱度基本上由单、二、三乙醇胺或其混合物的数量决定;这些化合物起缓冲体系的作用,使得可以提高组合物的碱度而不与表面活性剂的铵盐起反应。 Alkalinity of the composition substantially, the number of two, triethanolamine or mixtures thereof is determined by the single; These compounds act as buffer systems, such that the basicity of the composition can be improved without react with an ammonium salt surfactant. 结果没有氨释放出来,因此本组合物无有害气味。 Results No ammonia released, therefore the present compositions without harmful odors.

本发明的组合物还含有溶剂体系,其含量为组合物总重量的3%至14%,最好是5%至11%。 The composition of the present invention further comprises a solvent system in an amount of 3-14% of the total weight of the composition, preferably 5-11%.

适用的溶剂有正丁氧基丙醇,乙醇,异丙醇,正丁氧基丙氧基丙醇,丁基卡必醇(即2-(2-丁氧基乙氧基)乙醇),己二醇,己基卡必醇(即2-(2-己氧基乙氧基)乙醇),及它们的混合物。 Suitable solvents are n-butoxy propanol, ethanol, isopropanol, n-butoxy propoxy propanol, butyl carbitol (i.e., 2- (2-butoxyethoxy) ethanol), hexylene glycol, hexyl carbitol (i.e., 2- (2-hexyloxy-ethoxy) ethanol), and mixtures thereof.

优选的溶剂体系由正丁氧基丙醇与乙醇或异丙醇的混合物构成,其比例为1∶20至1∶2。 The preferred solvent system comprises a mixture of n-butoxy propanol with ethanol or isopropanol, in a ratio of 1:20 to 1:2. 最佳溶剂体系由正丁氧基丙醇和乙醇的1∶3混合物构成。 Preferred solvent system consists 1:3 mixture of n-butoxy propanol and ethanol.

此外,组合物可以含有少量的助洗剂,例如次氮基三乙酸酯,聚羧酸酯,硝酸盐,水溶性磷酸盐,硅酸盐,乙二胺四乙酸盐(EDTA),氨基聚膦酸酯,磷酸酯,及它们的混合物。 In addition, the composition can contain minor amounts of builders, such as nitrilo triacetate, polycarboxylates, nitrates, water soluble phosphates, silicates, ethylene diamine tetraacetate (EDTA), amino polyphosphonates, phosphates, and mixtures thereof.

本发明的组合物是将所有组分混在一起而得到的;这样得到的硬表面清洗剂适用于目前用于该技术领域中的任何分散装置,但最好是以喷雾清洗剂的方式使用。 The composition of the present invention is to mix all the components together is obtained; hard surface cleaner thus obtained dispersion is applied to any apparatus which is currently used in the art, but preferably by way of spray-cleaning agent used. 这些组合物适用于任何表面,尤其是窗玻璃或任何玻璃材料。 These compositions are suitable for any surface, in particular, any glass or glazing material.

本发明的组合物也可以含有其它的任选物质,例如香料、染料、荧光增白剂、污垢悬浮剂、酶、冰冻-熔化稳定剂、杀菌剂和防腐剂。 Compositions of the invention may also contain other optional materials such as perfumes, dyes, optical brighteners, soil suspending agents, enzymes, freeze - melt stabilizers, bactericides and preservatives.

实例下述本发明组合物通过将所有组分(百分数为占组合物总重的百分数)相混合而制得:0.07%直链烷基苯磺酸铵盐0.10%三倍乙氧基化烷基硫酸铵盐2%正丁氧基丙醇6%乙醇0.5%单乙醇铵直到100%的水和其它物质本发明组合物的pH为10.5 Examples The following compositions of this invention by combining all ingredients (percentages are based on the total weight of the composition percentage) prepared mixing: 0.07% linear alkylbenzene sulfonic acid salt 0.10% three times ethoxylated alkyl monoethanol ammonium sulfate 0.5% 2% ammonium n-butoxy propanol 6% ethanol until pH 100% water and other compositions of the present invention is a substance 10.5

本组合物与作为先有技术代表的、配方如下的参照组合物相比较:0.013%三倍乙氧基化烷基硫酸钠盐9.0%丁基溶纤素0.2%氨直到100%的水和其它物质此组合物的pH为11比较两种组合物的光亮效果(在镜子和窗玻璃上)以及它们的清洗效能。 The present composition prior art as represented, with reference to the following formulation as compared to compositions: 0.013% three times ethoxylated alkyl sulfate sodium salt 9.0% butyl cellosolve 0.2% ammonia up to 100% of water and other substances of this pH of the composition is 11 compare two compositions shine performance (on mirrors and window glass), and the cleaning performance thereof.

清洗效能按下述对合成污垢作评价:HBTS污垢:由250毫升异丙醇、75克硬脂酸钙粉末和0.5克碳黑组成。 Cleaning performance according to the following synthetic soils for evaluation: the HBTS soil: from 250 ml of isopropanol, 75 g of calcium stearate and 0.5 g of carbon black powder composition. 用油漆滚筒将它涂敷在一块涂着搪瓷的金属板(先用洗涤剂、后用醇洗)上,将板在180℃烤20分钟。 It is applied with a paint roller to a painted metal sheet enamel (first wash with detergent, after alcohol) on the plate bake at 180 ℃ 20 minutes.

KD污垢:由25%的HSW KD dirt: from 25% of HSW

污垢及碳黑(2)、37.5%的Grisco Dirt and carbon black (2), 37.5% of Grisco

油(1)、37.5%的Puritan Oil (1), 37.5% of Puritan

油(1)组成。 Oil (1). 用油漆滚筒将其滚压在不锈钢板(先用洗涤剂、后用醇洗)上。 Using a paint roller which was rolled stainless steel plate (with detergent first, after washing with alcohol) on. 需要形成很薄的均匀涂层,因为此污垢难以去除。 Necessary to form a thin uniform coating, since this dirt is difficult to remove. 将板放在烘箱中于115℃(“软污垢”)或170℃(“硬污垢”)烘烤2小时,然后老化至少一天。 The plates were placed in an oven at 115 2 hours deg.] C ( "soft soil") or 170 ℃ ( "hard soil") baking, and then aged at least one day.

注:(1)Procter&Gamble公司销售的商品烹调油(2)美国Chem Pack Inc.销售的商品污垢。 Notes: (1) Procter & amp; Gamble Company sales of goods cooking oil (2) United States Chem Pack Inc. sales of goods dirt.

试验条件如下:所有试验都通过一个Erichsen可洗性试验机进行。 Test conditions were as follows: All tests by a Erichsen washability machine. 使用一块尺寸约为9.5×5×4厘米的海绵,事先将它在流动的热水下仔细清洗并用干燥的滚筒挤干。 Use a size of approximately 9.5 × 5 × 4 cm sponge, it will be carefully cleaned beforehand under running water and dried with a drum squeezed. 将5克欲试验的未经稀释的清洗剂复盖在海绵的一面上。 5 g to be tested undiluted detergent overlay on one side of the sponge. 记下清洗机为洗净板面所需要动作的次数。 Note the times required for the washing machine operation board cleaning.

光亮效果在干净的镜子或窗玻璃(户内和户外)上评价;由三名鉴定人独立地用0-4记分法目测评价成膜/条纹的程度,其中0=无差别,4=很大差别。 Evaluation of light on a clean mirror or window glass (indoor and outdoor); 0-4 score the degree of visually evaluated filming / streaking by using three independent expert, where 0 = no difference, 4 = big difference .

结果如下:HBTS KD 干净镜面 窗玻璃(动作次数) (PSU) 户内 户外(PSU)参照样品 >200 10 0(参照) 0(参照) 0(参照)本发明样品 >200 16 +1.8 +1.1 0此鉴定小组表明,本发明的组合物具有和参照组合物同样好的清洗效能和更好的光亮效果。 The results are as follows: HBTS KD Clean mirror glazing (number of operations) (PSU) Indoor Outdoor (PSU) a reference sample> 200 100 (reference) 0 (reference) 0 (reference) sample of the present invention is> 20 016 0 +1.8 +1.1 this identification group indicates that the composition of the present invention and the reference composition having as good cleaning performance and better shine performance.

Claims (9)

1.一种pH至少为8.5的硬表面清洗组合物,它含有:占组合物总重0.04%至0.6%的阴离子表面活性剂铵盐,占组合物总重0.2%至2.0%的单乙醇胺、二乙醇胺或三乙醇胺,或它们的混合物,占组合物总重3%至14%的一种溶剂体系,该溶剂体系选自正丁氧基丙醇,乙醇,异丙醇,正丁氧基丙氧基丙醇,2-(2-丁氧基乙氧基)乙醇,已二醇,2-(2-已氧基乙氧基)乙醇和它们的混合物。 A pH of at least 8.5 of the hard surface cleaning composition comprising: weight of the total composition of from 0.04 to 0.6% of an anionic surfactant ammonium salt, the total weight of the composition 0.2 to 2.0% of monoethanolamine, diethanolamine or triethanolamine, or mixtures thereof, the total weight of the composition 3-14% of a solvent system, the solvent system is selected from n-butoxy propanol, ethanol, isopropanol, n-butoxy propoxy oxy-propanol, 2- (2-butoxyethoxy) ethanol, hexylene glycol, ethanol, and mixtures thereof 2- (2-ethoxy-hexyloxy).
2.根据权利要求1的组合物,其特征在于,它含有:占组合物总重0.07%至0.45%的阴离子表面活性剂铵盐,占组合物总重的0.35%至0.75%的单乙醇胺,占组合物总重的5%至11%的所述溶剂体系。 2. The composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises: weight of the total composition of from 0.07 to 0.45% of an anionic surfactant ammonium salt, based on the total weight of the composition 0.35 to 0.75% of monoethanolamine, the solvent system accounts for the total weight of the composition of 5-11 percent.
3.根据前述任何一项权利要求的组合物,其特征在于,溶剂体系是正丁氧基丙醇和乙醇的混合物。 3. A composition according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the solvent system is a mixture of n-butoxy propanol and ethanol.
4.根据权利要求3的组合物,其特征在于,其中的溶剂混合物由正丁氧基丙醇和乙醇按1∶20至1∶2的比例构成。 4. A composition according to claim 3, wherein, wherein the solvent mixture consists of n-butoxy propanol and ethanol in the ratio of 1:20 to 1:2.
5.根据权利要求1、2或4的组合物,其特征在于,组合物的pH是8.5至11。 5. The composition according to claim 2 or claim 4, characterized in that, pH of the composition is from 8.5 to 11.
6.根据权利要求5的组合物,其特征在于pH值约为10.5。 6. A composition according to claim 5, characterized in that a pH of about 10.5.
7.根据权利要求3的组合物,其特征在于,组合物的pH是8.5至11。 7. The composition according to claim 3, characterized in that, pH of the composition is from 8.5 to 11.
8.根据权利要求7的组合物,其特征在于pH值约为10.5。 8. A composition according to claim 7, characterized in that a pH of about 10.5.
9.根据权利要求4的组合物,其特征在于它适合作为喷雾清洗组合物使用。 9. A composition according to claim 4, characterized in that it is suitable for use as a spray cleaning composition.
CN 90102261 1989-04-21 1990-04-21 Hard-surface cleaning compositions CN1025349C (en)

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CN1046553A CN1046553A (en) 1990-10-31
CN1025349C true CN1025349C (en) 1994-07-06

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JPH0341200A (en) 1991-02-21
AR245496A1 (en) 1994-01-31
EP0393772A3 (en) 1991-09-11
IE901423L (en) 1990-10-21
EP0393772A2 (en) 1990-10-24
AU641643B2 (en) 1993-09-30
CA2013976A1 (en) 1990-10-21
GB8909157D0 (en) 1989-06-07
CN1046553A (en) 1990-10-31
AU5369890A (en) 1990-10-25
MX171350B (en) 1993-10-20
PE27691A1 (en) 1991-09-27
NZ233397A (en) 1993-05-26

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