CN102530102B - Pure electric dual-mode charging motor coach - Google Patents

Pure electric dual-mode charging motor coach Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102530102B
CN102530102B CN201210007667.5A CN201210007667A CN102530102B CN 102530102 B CN102530102 B CN 102530102B CN 201210007667 A CN201210007667 A CN 201210007667A CN 102530102 B CN102530102 B CN 102530102B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
skeleton
framework
coach
chassis
chassis framework
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201210007667.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102530102A (en
Inventor
王习然
刘健成
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SHENZHEN HUIBAITONG AUTOMOBILE CO Ltd
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SHENZHEN HUIBAITONG AUTOMOBILE CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201210007667.5A priority Critical patent/CN102530102B/en
Publication of CN102530102A publication Critical patent/CN102530102A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102530102B publication Critical patent/CN102530102B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries

Abstract

The invention discloses a pure electric dual-mode charging motor coach, which comprises coach body face plates, coach body frameworks, a driving system, an air conditioning system, a drive system and a charging device, wherein the coach body frameworks are made of light metal and glued by concave-convex circular grooves prior to being riveted with rivets. A light alloy main beam is arranged at a joint of a top framework and a middle coach body, the chassis framework is integrally formed by connecting a plurality of vertical column beams with the light alloy main beam on the upper portion of a coach body, the driving system is a high-torque three-phase asynchronous motor which is low rotation speed and additionally provided with a voltage-stabilizing circuit device, a gearbox of the drive system is decreased by 1-2 gears of gear ratio but increased in high-gear gear ratio and is used for the electric motor coach matched with a special rear axle for the electric motor coach, and the air conditioning system comprises two small-power air conditioning compressor motors, two air conditioners and a temperature control system arranged in the motor coach. The pure electric dual-mode charging motor coach is light, energy-saving, stable in structure, fine in safety, noise-insulating and long in service life, operating and manufacture costs are greatly reduced, and the cost performance is improved.

Description

A kind of pure electric dual-mode charging motor coach
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of motorcoach, especially a sharp or blunt electric dual-mode charging motor coach.
Background technology
Pure electric automobile is the up-to-date technology of the automobile manufacturing field that emerges in recent years, with revolutionary character, its aim be to reach significantly energy-conservation, reduce discharging.Technology path and thinking of development that pure electric automobile home and abroad adopts conventionally.Body portion, transmission and braking, knuckle section air-conditioning part has all been continued to use orthodox car in addition technology, method making, charge to it with the charging pile of fixing a point.
Because all adopting the two discord of orthodox car technology, electric automobile whole adapts to, in addition existing electric drive and electric-control system technology, its power consumption does not have advantage to orthodox car, again in addition large as the battery volume of vehicle power, weight is large, cost is high, cause its cost performance not high, promote not open, have shortcoming and not enough.
Following some deficiency of the general existence of conventional electric motorcoach: 1, tare is larger, and generally, 16 tons of left and right, vehicle body is heavier, consumes energy higher; 2, existing electric coach drive motor coupling is unreasonable, power consumption is excessive, and large as the battery volume of vehicle power, weight is large, and cost is high, purchases the cost ratio of car and operation far away higher than traditional motorcoach; 3, the transmission scheme of existing automobile unreasonable, particularly big city City Bus travels in city, there is no condition, also do not allow to run at high speed, its speed is comparatively slow, is generally no more than 50km/h, and existing electric coach F-Zero is generally 80km/h left and right, driving system power consumption with this speed per hour design is also relatively large, and for this running condition in city, this is undoubtedly a kind of waste; 4, the a/c system of existing electric coach is also the a/c system that adopts traditional motorcoach, and for electric coach, its power consumption has accounted for 1/3rd, even 50%, therefore must make improvements; 5, existing electrokinetic cell is as vehicle power, volume is excessive, occupied 30% carrying space, weight is excessive, generally account for 25% of battery-driven car total weight, its cost is too high, generally accounts for 42% left and right of battery-driven car total cost, and rely on government's huge investment and build charging pile, be difficult to spread.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of vehicle body lighting, consume energy low, the horsepower output of automatically controlled and drive motor is lowered, transmission device and a/c system mate mutually, scientific and rational electric coach.
For reaching above object, the present invention by the following technical solutions:
A kind of pure electric dual-mode charging motor coach, comprise: body framing, body panel, drive system, a/c system, driving system, double mode charging unit, described body framing comprises chassis framework, middle body skeleton, top skeleton, described chassis framework, middle body skeleton, top skeleton all adopt light weight alloy, and framework material inner hollow, adopts the mode of the first gluing rivet again of concavo-convex annular groove to connect between skeleton; Described chassis framework is double-layered base plate framework; The position design and installation that top skeleton and car door, vehicle window join light weight alloy girder, this alloy girder is by middle body skeleton and the chassis framework structure that strikes up partnership; Between described body panel and skeleton, scribble fire-retardant glue-line rivet; Described drive system is high pulling torque, slow speed of revolution and the asynchronous three phase electric machine that installs the steady current device of voltage stabilizing additional; Described driving system comprises the gear in change speed gear box, back axle, change speed gear box, the 1-2 shelves gear ratio of described change speed gear box increases respectively 8% and 12% than conventional electric motorcoach, add high pulling torque, 3-4 shelves gear ratio remains unchanged, and 5-6 shelves gear ratio reduces respectively 5% and 8% than conventional electric motorcoach; Described a/c system comprises air-conditioning compressor motor, air conditioner, temperature control system, described air-conditioning is divided into two by all-in-one, and the power of each air-conditioning compressor motor is down to 3-6kw/h by 14kw/h, wherein a machine is often opened, another machine is as regulation and control, and described temperature control system is arranged on the relevant position and console in car.
Described light weight alloy girder is the girder of being made by magnesium alloy or magnesium aluminum alloy, and its Intensity Design is identical with traditional girder steel.
The power of described two air-conditioning compressor motors is all 3kw/h.
Described charging unit is distance increasing unit, and current output terminal and electric-control system join, and charging pile charging inlet end line is also connected with electric-control system, can charge by these two kinds of patterns.
Described a kind of pure electric dual-mode charging motor coach is individual layer car or double-decker.
Between the chassis framework of described double-decker and top skeleton, there is middle part interlayer skeleton.The assembling mode of described middle part interlayer skeleton and middle body skeleton is first to stick with glue, then rivet.
Described light weight alloy is aluminum alloy or magnesium aluminum alloy.
Described fire-retardant glue-line is the glue-line with flame retardant effect, and car body is had to bonding and fire-retardant effect simultaneously.
The present invention has following beneficial effect: one, skeleton adopt aluminum alloy or magnesium alloy, and inner hollow, guaranteeing that electric automobile whole intensity is not less than under the prerequisite of conventional steel body framing, significantly alleviated car body weight, making car body weight is only 12 tons of left and right, than traditional motorcoach weight, decline 25%, indirectly reduced energy consumption; Two, in order to guarantee integral strength, body skeleton is connected with top skeleton in vehicle body on the basis of chassis framework position has increased by two main beam of similar orthodox car crossbeam, traditional single-beam structure is become to two beam structures, chassis framework is combined as a whole, upper and lower so two-layer stressed structure, than traditional vehicle frame strength increase, safety increases, and service life is also with respect to prolongation; The advantage of the assemble method that three, first bonding is riveted is again: car load impregnability strengthens, the more important thing is and completely cut off the noise that is transmitted to tire that panel produces in motion and road surface friction and jolts by skeleton, solved the problem of car load due to metallic framework and the metal decking noise resonance that directly combination forms, noise can be down to 50 decibels by 120 decibels, and fall is up to 62%; Increased passenger's ride quality; Four, skeleton of the present invention is the geometric form chassis skeleton of lower part, with some column beams and the girder that is placed in vehicle body upper portion, form integrative-structure, orthodox car is by two crossbeam loads, the present invention changes the common load of double-layered base plate framework beam into, vehicle body upper portion adds the alloy in lightweight girder of putting both sides on identical with large girder steel intensity of orthodox car, realize the requirement of the low car door of City Bus, travel safer, realized the increase of intensity, solidness, it is more reasonable that the point that bears a heavy burden distributes, and significantly alleviated weight simultaneously; Five, utilize high pulling torque, slow-revving asynchronous three phase electric machine installs additional and supporting electrical control circuit plate, make outgoing current, voltage be stablized and reasonably control, saved electricity consumption, meet again the power needs of electric coach, causing drive motor horsepower output is only 60km/h, both at home and abroad, other electric coach drive motor horsepower outputs all, in 200kw/h left and right, are compared and are declined 63%; Six, described change speed gear box 1-2 shelves gear ratio strengthens 8% and 12% than conventional electric motorcoach respectively, promote its torsion, by 3-4 shelves gear ratio, be to remain unchanged, 5-6 shelves gear ratio is reduced respectively to 5% and 8% than conventional electric motorcoach, when promoting torsion, keep the due speed of a motor vehicle of bus, i.e. 70km/h, this driving system and power system match, meet the requirement of speed of operation, reach again energy-saving effect; Seven, a/c system has the air-conditioning compressor motor of two low energy consumption, replace orthodox car only to there is the air-conditioning compressor motor of a relatively large power consumption, two air-conditionings that improve after upgrading form a/c system, often open for one, another portion is standby, temperature control system is arranged in car, has met the needs of refrigeration in car, has reduced again energy consumption; Eight, design and installation of the present invention double mode charging unit, make it can promote in the city that possesses " charging pile ", in not possessing charging pile vast, small city and rural area also can promote the use of.In distance increasing unit mode, charge and can also not be subject to the restriction of charging pile, not limited by continual mileage, " distance increasing unit " charging oil consumption has reduced more than 50% than traditional motorcoach oil consumption, simultaneously, the consumption of battery can also be reduced to 2/3rds, both alleviate the weight of electric coach, increase available space, the cost of battery, particularly battery altering have been reduced again less than subsidy.Promoted like this cost performance of electric coach, customer can afford and afford to use, and just can have market, could promote.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is embodiment of the present invention overall schematic.
Fig. 2 is embodiment of the present invention chassis configuration diagram.
Fig. 3 is embodiment of the present invention top skeleton structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is embodiment of the present invention skeleton schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is body skeleton and top skeleton connection diagram in the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is body skeleton and body panel connection diagram in the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is body skeleton and middle part interlayer skeleton connection diagram in embodiment of the present invention double-decker.
In figure: 101, middle body skeleton; 102, body panel; 103, light weight alloy girder; 104; Top skeleton; 201; Ground floor chassis framework; 202; Second layer chassis framework; 203; Ground floor chassis front support stand; 204, second layer chassis front support stand; 205, intersection strengthening frame; 206, ground floor chassis bracket of rear mounting; 207, second layer chassis bracket of rear mounting; 301, top skeleton crossbearer; 302, the vertical frame of top skeleton; 401, skeleton; 402, concave ring groove; 403, bulge loop groove; 404, through hole; 501, rivet; 701, right angle adapter plate.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing explanation and embodiment, further introduce technical scheme of the present invention.
Embodiment mono-
Fig. 1 is the overall schematic of the embodiment of the present invention, the pure electric dual-mode charging motor coach that the present embodiment provides, comprising: drive system, a/c system, driving system and the double mode charging unit in the body panel 102 of the body framing of car load, car load periphery, body powered source;
Shown in Fig. 1-3, described body framing comprises chassis framework, middle body skeleton 101, top skeleton, and described chassis framework, middle body skeleton 101, top skeleton 104 all adopt light weight alloy to make.In order to make chassis framework have the intensity on steel chassis, the chassis framework that the present embodiment provides is double-decker, shown in double-decker be ground floor chassis framework 201 and second layer chassis framework 202; Ground floor chassis framework 201 is welded to connect second layer chassis framework 202 by vertical support frame; Front and rear at ground floor chassis framework 201 and second layer chassis framework 202, front tyre place is installed double layer support frame equally, is respectively ground floor chassis front support stand 203, second layer chassis front support stand 204, ground floor chassis bracket of rear mounting 206 and second layer chassis bracket of rear mounting 207.The transverse and longitudinal beam of ground floor chassis framework 201 and second layer chassis framework 202 is welded with and intersects reinforcement 205, for guaranteeing that chassis framework has enough mechanical strengths.
Top skeleton 104 consists of the vertical frame 302 of top skeleton crossbearer 301 and top skeleton, the position design and installation that top skeleton 104 and car door, vehicle window join light weight alloy girder 103, this alloy girder is combined into one with chassis framework by middle body skeleton 101.
Shown in Fig. 4, skeleton 401 material internal hollows, and have through hole 404 have concavo-convex annular groove on skeleton 401 material section bars, shown in concavo-convex annular groove be concave ring groove 402 and bulge loop groove 403.Between skeleton 401, adopt the mode of the first gluing rivet again of concavo-convex annular groove to connect.
Shown in Fig. 5, middle body skeleton 101, top skeleton crossbearer 301 be by rivet 501 riveted joint light weight alloy girders 103, shown in this light weight alloy girder 103 adopt magnesium aluminum alloys to make.
Shown in Fig. 6, between described body panel 102 and middle body skeleton 101, scribble fire-retardant glue-line rivet.
Shown in Fig. 1-6, described drive system is high pulling torque, slow speed of revolution and the asynchronous three phase electric machine that installs the steady current device of voltage stabilizing additional; Described driving system comprises the gear in change speed gear box, back axle, change speed gear box, the 1-2 shelves gear ratio of described change speed gear box increases respectively 8% and 12% than conventional electric motorcoach, add high pulling torque, 3-4 shelves gear ratio remains unchanged, and 5-6 shelves gear ratio reduces respectively 5% and 8% than conventional electric motorcoach; Described a/c system comprises air-conditioning compressor motor, air conditioner, temperature control system, described air-conditioning is divided into two by all-in-one, and the power of each air-conditioning compressor motor is down to 3-6kw/h by 14kw/h, wherein a machine is often opened, another machine is as regulation and control, and described temperature control system is arranged on the relevant position and console in car.
Described charging unit is distance increasing unit or charging pile charging inlet.
Described fire-retardant glue-line is the glue-line with flame retardant effect, and car body is had to bonding and fire-retardant effect simultaneously.
Embodiment bis-
Shown in Fig. 7, the pure electric dual-mode charging motor coach that the present embodiment provides is similar to the motorcoach that embodiment mono-provides, and difference is, the motorcoach in the present embodiment is double decker, be double-decker, between the chassis framework of described double-decker and top skeleton, there is middle part interlayer skeleton.Described middle part interlayer skeleton is to be made by light weight alloy material.The assembling mode of described middle part interlayer skeleton and middle body skeleton 101 is that concavo-convex annular groove first sticks with glue, then rivet 501 riveted joints.
Shown in middle part interlayer skeleton and middle body skeleton 101 also by right angle adapter plate 701 increase Joint strenghts.
The present invention is not limited to the above-mentioned specific embodiment; the announcement of book and guidance according to the above description; those skilled in the art in the invention also can carry out suitable change and modification to above-mentioned embodiment, and its change also should fall into the protection domain of claim of the present invention.In addition,, although used some specific terms in this specification sheets, these terms just for convenience of description, do not form any restriction to the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. a pure electric dual-mode charging motor coach, comprise: body framing, body panel, drive system, a/c system, driving system, double mode charging unit, described body framing comprises chassis framework, middle body skeleton, top skeleton, it is characterized in that: described chassis framework, middle body skeleton, top skeleton all adopt light weight alloy, and framework material inner hollow, described chassis framework is double-layered base plate framework, described double-decker is ground floor chassis framework and second layer chassis framework, ground floor chassis framework is welded to connect second layer chassis framework at the front and rear of ground floor chassis framework and second layer chassis framework by vertical support frame, before installing, rear tyre place is welded steel double bracing frame again, be respectively ground floor chassis front support stand, second layer chassis front support stand, ground floor chassis bracket of rear mounting and second layer chassis bracket of rear mounting, the transverse and longitudinal beam of ground floor chassis framework and second layer chassis framework is welded with and intersects reinforcement, top skeleton and the design and installation of middle body skeleton connecting portion have light weight alloy girder, chassis framework is integrally formed structure with some column beams and the light weight alloy girder that is placed in vehicle body upper portion, between described body panel and skeleton, scribble fire-retardant glue-line rivet, described drive system is asynchronous three phase electric machine, described driving system comprises the gear in change speed gear box, back axle, change speed gear box, described a/c system comprises air-conditioning compressor motor, air conditioner, temperature control system, described air-conditioning compressor motor is two, described air conditioner is two, the power of each air-conditioning compressor motor is 3kw/h, wherein an air conditioner is often opened, and another air conditioner is regulation and control, and described temperature control system is arranged in car, motorcoach is double-decker, between the chassis framework of described double-decker and top skeleton, there is middle part interlayer skeleton, described middle part interlayer skeleton is to be made by light weight alloy material, the assembling mode of described middle part interlayer skeleton and middle body skeleton is that concavo-convex annular groove first sticks with glue, pass through again rivet, described middle part interlayer skeleton and middle body skeleton also increase Joint strenght by right angle adapter plate, described charging unit is distance increasing unit and two kinds of charging inlets of charging pile, described distance increasing unit current output terminal and electric-control system join, charging pile charging inlet end line is also connected with electric-control system, can charge with distance increasing unit charge mode or charging pile charge mode.
2. pure electric dual-mode charging motor coach according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described light weight alloy is aluminum alloy or magnesium aluminum alloy.
CN201210007667.5A 2012-01-11 2012-01-11 Pure electric dual-mode charging motor coach Expired - Fee Related CN102530102B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210007667.5A CN102530102B (en) 2012-01-11 2012-01-11 Pure electric dual-mode charging motor coach

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210007667.5A CN102530102B (en) 2012-01-11 2012-01-11 Pure electric dual-mode charging motor coach

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CN102530102B true CN102530102B (en) 2014-07-30

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102556208A (en) * 2012-02-07 2012-07-11 深圳汇百通汽车有限公司 Balance manufacturing process of lightweight electric coach body
CN105599810A (en) * 2016-01-23 2016-05-25 石宇 Wheel beam type multi-wheel combination frame
CN109501629B (en) * 2018-11-17 2020-08-18 宁波洁程汽车科技有限公司 Charging system and method for charging device based on range extender development

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2654409Y (en) * 2003-08-06 2004-11-10 王小丽 Air cooling mixed type electric bus
CN2761494Y (en) * 2004-10-13 2006-03-01 北京理工大学 New type ultra-low floor electric bus
CN201520225U (en) * 2009-10-29 2010-07-07 安徽安凯汽车股份有限公司 Power-supplementing and range-extending type electric coach
CN201721521U (en) * 2010-06-13 2011-01-26 贾秉成 Lightweight full-bearing car frame structure
CN201872801U (en) * 2010-04-09 2011-06-22 闫圣 Lightweight car body structure of passenger car and section of car body structure
CN202481152U (en) * 2012-01-11 2012-10-10 深圳汇百通汽车有限公司 All-electric double-mode charging bus

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2654409Y (en) * 2003-08-06 2004-11-10 王小丽 Air cooling mixed type electric bus
CN2761494Y (en) * 2004-10-13 2006-03-01 北京理工大学 New type ultra-low floor electric bus
CN201520225U (en) * 2009-10-29 2010-07-07 安徽安凯汽车股份有限公司 Power-supplementing and range-extending type electric coach
CN201872801U (en) * 2010-04-09 2011-06-22 闫圣 Lightweight car body structure of passenger car and section of car body structure
CN201721521U (en) * 2010-06-13 2011-01-26 贾秉成 Lightweight full-bearing car frame structure
CN202481152U (en) * 2012-01-11 2012-10-10 深圳汇百通汽车有限公司 All-electric double-mode charging bus

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