CN102520612B - Adaptive data acquisition device for ocean platform - Google Patents

Adaptive data acquisition device for ocean platform Download PDF

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CN102520612B
CN102520612B CN 201110422142 CN201110422142A CN102520612B CN 102520612 B CN102520612 B CN 102520612B CN 201110422142 CN201110422142 CN 201110422142 CN 201110422142 A CN201110422142 A CN 201110422142A CN 102520612 B CN102520612 B CN 102520612B
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adaptive
data
platform
acquisition
device
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CN 201110422142
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CN102520612A (en )
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唐达
武文华
岳前进
史然飞
何峰
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大连理工大学
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种海洋平台专用的自适应数据采集装置,其特征在于:包含微控制器模块、RS232通信模块、RS485通信模块、数据存储模块、时钟模块、海洋平台监测传感器列表;所述的微控制器模块分别接RS232通信模块、RS485通信模块、数据存储模块、时钟模块;所述的RS232通信模块连接海洋平台监测传感器,它可以采集海洋平台监测系统中传感器数据;所述的RS485通信模块连接计算机系统,把采集到传感器数据发送至计算机系统;所述的数据存储模块,存储两方面内容,一方面存储着采集到的传感器数据,另一方面存储着海洋平台传感器列表;所述时钟模块,是为传感器数据存储添加存储时间;所述的海洋平台传感器列表,记录着对海洋平台监测传感器的辨识方式参数和处理方式参数,海洋平台专用自适应数据采集装置能够自动识别海洋平台传感器列 The present invention relates to a marine platform-specific adaptive data collection device, wherein: the module includes a microcontroller, RS232 communication module, RS485 communication module, a data storage module, clock module, a list of monitoring sensors offshore platform; said micro- RS232 communication modules respectively connected to the controller module, RS485 communications module, data storage module, a clock module; RS232 communication module connected to the offshore platform monitoring sensor, which can collect marine platform monitoring system sensor data; a communication module connected to the RS485 the computer system sends the collected sensor data to the computer system; the data storage module stores two aspects, on the one hand to store the sensor data acquired, on the other hand the sensor list stored offshore platform; the clock module, It is added to the sensor data stored in storage time; capable of automatically recognizing the sensor column offshore platform offshore platform sensor list, a record of marine platform identification method parameter monitoring sensors and handling parameters, adaptive marine platform specific data acquisition device 中的传感器。 A sensor.

Description

一种海洋平台的自适应数据采集装置 A MARINE internet adaptive data collection device

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种海洋平台自适应数据采集装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a marine platform for adaptive data collection device.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 海洋平台监测集成系统有别于一般的监测系统,其特点在于要求监测数据存储安全性等级高,因此对海洋平台的数据存储方案采用“冗余存储”。 [0002] Offshore Platform integrated monitoring system different from the general monitoring system, characterized in that the monitoring requires a high security level of data storage, so the data storage scheme marine platform a "redundancy memory." 监测数据在现场由数据采集装置进行一次存储,然后在中控室由计算机系统进行一次存储,这样可以保证在极端条件下,海洋平台人员撤离平台停电,中控室内计算机系统因停电无法进行数据存储时,仍可由现场低功耗数据采集装置在自带电源供电下,保证极端条件下监测数据存储的安全性。 Monitoring data in the field by the data acquisition means stores, and then once stored by a computer system in the control room, which can ensure that in extreme conditions, offshore evacuation platform power, control room computer system outage data store can not be , still by the field data acquisition apparatus in the low power supply comes next, to ensure safety monitoring data storage under extreme conditions.

[0003] 现有的数据采集装置有两种,一种是通用数据采集装置,另一种是仪器设备自带的数据采集装置。 [0003] existing data acquisition means has two types of universal data acquisition means, and the other is carrying the equipment data acquisition device. 通用数据采集装置可以采集多种传感器的数据信号,但没有数据存储功能。 Universal data acquisition device can acquire various sensors data signal, but no data storage function. 仪器设备自带的数据采集装置,具有数据存储功能,但只能采集、存储该仪器设备的数据。 Data acquisition equipment carrying means having a data storage function, but only acquisition, the data storage equipment. 因此在现有的数据采集装置中没有满足海洋平台监测集成系统要求的数据采集装置。 Therefore, in the conventional data acquisition device does not meet the data collection device integrated monitoring system for offshore platforms required.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 针对上述问题,本发明提供一种用海洋平台自适应数据采集装置。 [0004] In view of the above problems, the present invention provides an offshore platform with an adaptive data acquisition device.

[0005] 为实现上述目的,本发明采取以下技术方案: [0005] To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme:

[0006] 一种海洋平台自适应数据采集装置,包含微处理器模块、传感器数据通信模块、计算机系统数据通信模块、数据存储模块、时钟模块、海洋平台监测传感器信息模块。 [0006] A marine platform adaptation data acquisition device, comprising a microprocessor module, the sensor data communication module, the computer system a data communication module, a data storage module, clock module, offshore platform information monitoring sensor module.

[0007] 所述的微处理器模块分别接传感器数据通信模块、计算机系统数据通信模块、数据存储模块、时钟模块; [0007] The microprocessor module is respectively connected sensor data communications module, computer system, a data communication module, a data storage module, a clock module;

[0008] 所述的传感器数据通信模块连接海洋平台监测传感器,它可以采集海洋平台监测系统中传感器数据; [0008] The data communication module connected to a sensor monitoring sensor offshore platform, offshore platform which may collect sensor data monitoring system;

[0009] 所述的计算机系统数据通信模块连接计算机系统,把采集到传感器数据发送至计算机系统; [0009] The computer system connected to a computer system data communication module, transmits collected sensor data to the computer system;

[0010] 所述的数据存储模块,存储两方面内容,一方面存储着采集到的传感器数据,另一方面存储着海洋平台传感器信息模块; [0010] The data storage module stores two aspects, on the one hand to store the sensor data acquired, on the other hand the sensor information stored offshore platform module;

[0011] 所述时钟模块,是为传感器数据存储添加存储时间; [0011] The clock module, for storing the sensor data storage time is added;

[0012] 所述的海洋平台传感器信息模块,记录着对海洋平台监测传感器的辨识方式参数和处理方式参数,海洋平台自适应数据采集装置能够自动识别海洋平台传感器信息模块中的传感器;根据该信息模块能够完成海洋平台传感器的自动辨识、采集、存储、发送过程。 [0012] The offshore platform according to the sensor information module, the recording mode identification offshore platform monitoring sensor parameters and handling parameters, offshore platforms adaptive data acquisition device capable of automatically recognizing the sensor information offshore platform in a sensor module; based on the information the sensor module can be completed offshore platforms automatic identification, acquisition, storage, transmission procedure. 海洋平台传感器信息模块具体实现形式如下: Sensor information module offshore platform specific forms of implementation is as follows:

[0013] (I)传感器信息模块由传感器信息模块目录和传感器信息模块正文组成。 [0013] (I) the sensor information from the sensor information module and the sensor module directory information module body composition.

[0014] (2)传感器信息模块目录记录着每个通信波特率段的起始地址。 [0014] (2) a sensor module directory information recorded start address of each segment in the communication baud rate.

[0015] (3)通过查找相应通信波特率段的起始地址,进入传感器信息模块正文。 [0015] (3) by searching the start address of the corresponding communication baud rate period, the sensor information into the module body. 每个通信波特率由该波特率下的子目录和传感器参数信息模块组成。 Each communication baud rate parameter information from the sensor module and subdirectories in the composition of the baud rate. [0016] (4)波特率子目录,记录着该波特率的编号和该波特率下传感器个数。 [0016] (4) subdirectories baud rate, the number of the sensor recorded at the baud rate and the baud rate number.

[0017] (5)传感器参数信息模块由传感器的辨识方式参数和处理方式参数表格组成,由18项内容组成。 [0017] (5) a sensor module parameters from the parameter information and the identification of a sensor parameters table treatment composition composed of 18 items. 内容如下: It reads as follows:

[0018] 〈1>波特率编号。 [0018] <1> ID baud rate. 传感器通信波特率的编号。 Communication baud rate sensor number.

[0019] 〈2>传感器在该通信波特率段的编号。 [0019] Item <2> in the communication baud rate of the sensor section. 传感器处在该通信波特率位置。 The communication baud rate sensor in position.

[0020] 〈3>传感器类型。 [0020] <3> sensor type. 传感器在所有监测传感器的编号。 Sensors in the numbers of all monitoring sensors.

[0021] 〈4>传感器数据帧的关键字。 [0021] Keyword <4> sensor data frame. 传感器数据帧中固定不变的字段,通过该字段辨识出不同传感器类型。 Sensor data frame fixed field identified by the field sensors of different types.

[0022] 〈5>传感器数据帧的关键字个数。 [0022] <5> key frame number of sensor data. 传感器数据帧的关键字有效数据的长度。 Length of the sensor data frame key valid data.

[0023] <6>传感器数据帧头。 [0023] <6> sensor data header. 用以辨识是传感器发送的数据,并开始接收传感器数据。 Identification data is transmitted to the sensors, and begin receiving the sensor data.

[0024] 〈7>传感器帧头字节个数。 [0024] <7> number of header bytes sensor. 传感器帧头有效数据的长度。 Valid data length header sensor.

[0025] <8>传感器数据帧尾。 [0025] <8> end of the sensor data frame. 用以辨识传感器数据发送完毕,并停止接收传感器数据。 Identification data has been sent to the sensor, and stop receiving sensor data.

[0026] 〈9>传感器帧尾个数。 [0026] <9> sensor frame number of the tail. 传感器帧尾有效数据的长度。 Length sensor end of valid data frame.

[0027] 〈10>传感器数据域特征值。 [0027] <10> sensor data characteristic field values. 传感器数据域的分隔符。 Sensor data field delimiter. 对于有数据分割符的传感器数据帧,通过分隔符来查找有效数据位置。 For data division sensor data frame breaks, to find the location of valid data through the separator.

[0028] 〈11>传感器有效数据的个数。 The number of [0028] <11> valid sensor data. 传感器数据帧中,需要提取有效数据的个数。 Sensor data frames, necessary to extract the number of valid data.

[0029] <12>传感器特征值的起始位置。 [0029] <12> starting position feature value by the sensor. 提取传感器有效数据时用,与传感器数据域特征值配合使用。 When extracting valid sensor data, the sensor data with the use of characteristic values ​​field. 当有传感器数据域特征值,传感器特征值的起始位置表示每个分隔符在数据帧中的位置;当无传感器数据域特征值,传感器特征值的起始位置表示每个有效数据第一个字节的起始位置。 When the sensor data fields feature value, the feature value of the starting position of each sensor represents a position in a data frame delimiter; and when no sensor data characteristic field values, the starting position of the feature value representing each valid sensor data from the first bytes starting position.

[0030] <13>传感器无特征值时,每组有效数据的个数。 When [0030] <13> sensor has no characteristic value, the number of each set of valid data. 与传感器特征值的起始位置配合使用。 And the sensor characteristic values ​​with the use of the starting position. 当无传感器数据域特征值,该字段表示每个特征值的数据有效个数。 When no sensor data characteristic field values, the data field indicates the number of valid values ​​for each feature.

[0031] <14>传感器信息模块写入数据存储模块时,每个传感器数据帧的长度。 When [0031] <14> sensor module writes information data storage module, the length of each of the sensor data frame. 即传感器原始数据帧长度。 I.e., the raw sensor data frame length.

[0032] 〈15>传感器信息模块写入数据存储模块时,每个数据存储模块段中的传感器数据帧的个数。 When [0032] <15> sensor module writes information data storage module, the sensor data for each data storage module frame segment number. 与传感器数据帧的长度配合使用。 The length of the sensor in conjunction with the data frame. 根据数据存储模块每个扇区长度与传感器数据帧的长度,计算每个扇区中存储传感器原始数据帧的个数。 The length of each sector data storage module with the sensor data frame length, count the number of each sector storing the raw sensor data frame.

[0033] <16>传感器数据帧处理方式。 [0033] <16> sensor data frame processing mode. 对于不同传感器数据帧,主要采用2进制形式和ASCII码形式。 Sensor data for different frames, and mainly in the form of ASCII code binary form. 如果采用ASCII码形式,需要进行处理,对于2进制形式则不需要进行处理。 If the form of ASCII code need be processed, it is not necessary for the binary form for processing.

[0034] <17〉数据的校验方式。 [0034] The check mode <17> data. 每种传感器都包含数据校验位,而每种传感器数据校验方式不尽相同,因此对于采集到的数据帧需要进行校验。 Each sensor contains a data check bit, and each sensor data validation different manner, so the data needs to be collected to the frame check. 该位给出数据校验的方式。 The data parity bit gives way.

[0035] 〈18>校验位的位置。 [0035] <18> position of the check bits. 与数据的校验方式配合使用,给出传感器数据帧中数据校验位的位置。 The check pattern data with the use of a given sensor position data check bits of the data frame.

[0036] 本发明由于采用以上技术方案,具有以下优点: [0036] The present invention adopts the above technical solution has the following advantages:

[0037] 1、本发明实现海洋平台监测系统的“数据冗余”存储方案,可在现场对海洋平台监测数据进行数据存储。 [0037] 1, the present invention enables the monitoring system for offshore platforms "Redundant Data" storage program, monitoring data may be data stored in the offshore platform site.

[0038] 2、本发明可以连接传感器信息模块中的海洋平台监测传感器,完成数据采集、数据存储、数据发送功能,不必为每种海洋平台监测传感器开发数据采集装置,减少的设备开发的工作量,减少的系统备份的数目。 [0038] 2, the present invention may be connected to the sensor information internet marine monitoring sensor module, data acquisition, data storage, data transmission function, offshore platforms do not have monitoring sensors each developing data acquisition means, to reduce the workload of device development , reducing the number of system backup. [0039] 3、本发明的海洋平台传感器信息模块,记录着海洋平台监测系统中所有海洋平台监测传感器的参数,传感器信息模块可以通过计算机软件对传感器参数进行增加、修改和删除,从而更新传感器信息模块,可以在现场更新传感器信息模块,采集更多的传感器数据,方便系统的后期升级和维护。 [0039] 3, offshore platform the sensor information module of the present invention, recording parameters marine platform monitoring system for all marine platform monitoring sensor, the sensor information module may add, modify and delete the sensor parameters by computer software to update the sensor information module, sensor information can be updated in the field module, sensor data collection more convenient system upgrade and maintenance of late.

[0040] 4、本发明可以在极端条件下仅用电池供电独立采集并存储数据,这些极端条件下的重要数据,将是后期数据分析的重点。 [0040] 4, the present invention can be collected in a separate battery only under extreme conditions, and store the data, the important data in these extreme conditions, will be the focus of the post-analysis data.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0041] 图1是本发明的结构框图。 [0041] FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the present invention.

[0042] 图2是本发明的外观图。 [0042] FIG. 2 is an external view of the invention.

[0043] 图中:1微处理器;2时钟模块;3电源模块;4存储器模块; [0043] FIG: a microprocessor; a second clock module; power module 3; 4 memory module;

[0044] 5传感器通信模块;6计算机系统数据通信模块;7传感器信息模块;8传感器设备;9计算机系统。 [0044] The sensor communication module 5; 6 computer system data communication module; sensor information module 7; sensor device 8; 9 the computer system.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0045] 下面结合附图和实施例对本发明进行详细描述。 Drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail [0045] below in conjunction.

[0046] 如图1所示,微处理器I分别与时钟模块2、电源模块3、存储模块4、传感器通信模块5、计算机系统数据通信模块6相连。 [0046] As shown, the microprocessor I 2, the power module 3, the storage module 4, sensor communication module 5, a data communication module connected to the computer system 61 to the clock module.

[0047] 上述实施例中,传感器通信模块5采用RS232通信模块,传感器通信模块5与传感器设备8相连,完成传感器辨识和数据采集功能。 [0047] The above-described embodiment, the sensor using the communication module 5 RS232 communication module, a communication module connected to the sensor 5 and the sensor device 8 to complete the sensor identification and data acquisition functions.

[0048] 上述实施例中,计算机系统数据通信模块6采用RS485通信模块,计算机系统数据通信模块6将采集到的所有传感器数据发送的计算机系统9中。 [0048] The above-described embodiment, the computer system using a data communication module 6 RS485 communications module, computer system data communication module 6 to collect all sensor data transmitted by the computer system 9.

[0049] 上述实施例中,存储器模块4采用SD卡作为存储介质,存储着两方面内容,一方面存储着采集到的所有传感器数据,另一方面存储着海洋平台传感器信息模块。 [0049] The above-described embodiment, the memory module 4 using the SD card as a storage medium storing the two aspects, one stores all collected sensor data, on the other hand the sensor information stored offshore platform module.

[0050] 上述实施例中,电源模块型号为SPX3819,外接5〜16V电压给整个装置供电。 [0050] The above-described embodiment, the power module model SPX3819, 5~16V external voltage supply to the entire apparatus.

[0051] 一种海洋平台自适应数据采集装置实现自适应传感器数据采集过程分为传感器类型辨识,传感器数据接收,传感器数据存储、传感器数据处理、传感器数据发送五部分,具体过程如下: [0051] A data acquisition device for offshore platforms adaptive adaptive data acquisition process sensor into the sensor type identification, the received sensor data, the sensor data storage, processing the sensor data, the sensor data transmission of five parts, the specific process is as follows:

[0052] <1>传感器类型辨识。 [0052] <1> Identification of the type of sensor. 传感器数据通信模块5初始化到某一波特率下,在该波特率下接收一定数据;微处理器模块I读取存储器模块4中传感器信息模块目录,找到该波特率在数据存储模块地起始地址,读取该波特率子目录,查找该波特率下传感器的个数,并根据传感器的个数将每个传感器参数信息模块取出,根据传感器数据帧的关键字和传感器数据帧的关键字个数来辨识传感器类型;如果辨识出传感器种类,则锁定该传感器类型,将该传感器的传感器参数信息模块全部内容取出,放到微处理器模块的缓冲区中;如果在该波特率下没有辨识出传感器类型,则初始化传感器数据通信模块到以下波特率下,重复〈1>操作,直到辨识出传感器类型,结束传感器辨识工作。 Sensor initialization data communication module 5 to a lower baud rate, data received at the baud rate constant; I read from the memory module microprocessor module 4 sensor module directory information, the baud rate is found in the data storage module start address, reads the baud rate subdirectory look at the number of baud rate sensor, each sensor and the parameter information extracted according to the number of the sensor module, the sensor data and the sensor data frame key frame number of keywords to identify the type of sensor; if the identified type of sensor, the sensor type the lock, remove the entire contents of the sensor parameter information sensor module, the microprocessor module into the buffer; if the baud not identified at rate sensor type, initializing a data communications module to the sensor following the baud rate, repeated <1> operation until the sensor type identified, the end of the sensor identification work.

[0053] <2>传感器数据接收。 [0053] <2> received sensor data. 根据传感器参数信息模块的传感器数据帧头和传感器数据帧头个数,取出传感器的数据帧头数组,如果接收到的数据组跟数据帧头数组完全相同,则认为后续数据是传感器发送的数据,并开始接收数据;根据传感器参数信息模块的传感器数据帧尾和传感器数据帧尾个数,取出传感器的数据帧尾数组,如果接收数据时发现与数据帧尾数组完全形同的数据组,则认为传感器数据接收完毕,停止接收数据;至此,完成对传感器数据接收过程。 The sensor data header parameter information sensor module and a number of sensor data header, data header out the sensor array, if the received data with the data group header arrays are identical, that the subsequent data is the data sent by the sensor, and to begin receiving data; end of a data frame according to the number of sensors of the sensor parameter information data frame end module and the sensor, the sensor array removed the end of the data frame, if data is found received data frame just like the end of the complete array dataset is considered sensor data has been received, it stops receiving data; This completes the process of receiving sensor data.

[0054] <3>传感器数据存储。 [0054] <3> store the sensor data. 取出传感器参数信息模块中传感器数据帧的长度和传感器数据帧的个数;当微处理器模块I中数据存储缓冲区中数据帧个数达到传感器参数信息模块中传感器数据帧的个数,则把微处理器模块I中数据存储缓冲区数据写入数据存储模块的相应位置;至此,完成数据存储过程。 Remove the sensor length and the sensor module sensor parameter information data of the frame number of data frames; I microprocessor module when the number of the data stored in the buffer reaches the number of data frames in the sensor module sensor parameter information data frame, put I buffer data in the data storage position corresponding to the microprocessor module writes the data storage module; This completes the process of data storage.

[0055] 〈4>传感器数据处理。 [0055] <4> sensor data processing. 数据处理完成两个任务,第一个是传感器数据帧的校验,第二个是传感器有效数据的提取。 The data processing complete two tasks, the first is a calibration sensor data frame, the second sensor is to extract valid data. 根据传感器参数信息模块中数据的校验方式,计算传感器数据帧的校验值,然后根据传感器参数信息模块中校验位的位置,取出数据帧本身的校验值,通过计算的校验值和数据帧本身的校验值比较判定数据帧传输过程是否正确。 The check mode sensor parameter information data module calculates a check value sensor data frame, then the parameter information according to the position sensor module check bits, the data frame itself extracted check value, and the value calculated by checking data frame itself checksum value comparison determination whether the transmission data frame correctly. 根据传感器参数信息模块中的传感器数据域特征值、传感器特征值的起始位置、传感器无特征值时,每组有效数据的个数参数,完成有效数据的提取工作,并把提取后的有效数据发到微处理器模块中的发送缓冲区。 Valid data based on the sensor module sensor parameter information data field characteristic values, the starting position feature value by the sensor, the sensor no feature value, the number of parameters each set of valid data, valid data to complete the work extraction and the extracted sent to the transmission buffer of the microprocessor module. 至此,完成传感器数据处理过程。 Thus, the sensor data processing is completed.

[0056] 〈5>传感器数据发送。 [0056] <5> sensor data transmission. 取出微处理器模块I中的发送缓冲区的数据,对发送数据加校验值、帧头、帧尾后组成一个发送数据包,通过传感器数据通信模块发送给计算机系统。 Extracting data transmit buffer in the microprocessor module I, checksum value of the transmission data, after the header, consisting of a frame end packet transmission, transmits the sensor data to the computer system via a communication module. 至此,完成传感器数据发送过程。 This completes the process of transmitting the sensor data.

[0057] 上述实施例中,海洋平台自适应数据采集装置外形包装如图2,海洋平台自适应数据采集装置包装在一个金属外壳,外壳上留有电源接头,传感器数据通信模块5接口,计算机系统数据通信模块6接口,两个LED灯指示海洋平台自适应数据采集装置的工作状态,一个电源开关。 [0057] The above-described embodiments, the data collection device offshore platform adaptive Outline Package 2, offshore platform adaptive data acquisition device packaged in a metal housing, leaving power connector on the housing, the sensor interface to the data communication module 5, the computer system data communication Interface module 6, two LED indicator status of the marine platform adaptation data acquisition device, a power switch.

[0058] 本发明工作时,其工作原理如下: [0058] In operation of the present invention, which works as follows:

[0059] 首先上位机软件通过计算机数据通信模块6将传感器信息模块7下载到存储器模块4中;微处理器I根据传感器信息模块7中的传感器参数采集与传感器数据通信模块5相连的传感器设备8的数据,并将数据存储到存储器模块4中;对采集到的所有数据通过计算机数据通信模块6按照统一的通信协议发送给计算机系统9。 [0059] First, the PC software module downloaded into the memory of a computer data through the communication module 6 to module 7, the sensor information 4; I 8 the microprocessor sensor device according to the sensor information acquisition module sensor parameters and sensor data communication module 7 is connected to 5 data, and stores the data in the memory module 4; send all the collected data by a computer data communication module 6 according to a uniform communication protocol to the computer system 9. 在采样结束后,将本发明收回,将存储器模块4拔出直接由计算机软件读取数据。 After the end of the sample, the present invention is to recover the memory module 4 removed and read the data by a computer software.

[0060] 本发明仅以上述实施例进行说明,各模块的芯片均可有所变化,在本发面技术方案的基础上,饭根据本发明原理对个别部件进行的改进或等同变化,均不排除在本发明的保护范围之外。 [0060] The improvements of the present invention, only the above described embodiments, the chip of each module can vary on the basis of leavened dough of the present technical solution, the rice for individual components according to the principles of the present invention or equivalent variation, not excluded from the scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

  1. 1.一种海洋平台专用的自适应数据采集装置,其特征在于:包含微处理器模块、传感器数据通信模块、计算机系统数据通信模块、数据存储模块、时钟模块、海洋平台监测传感器信息模块; 所述的微处理器模块分别接传感器数据通信模块、计算机系统数据通信模块、数据存储模块、时钟模块; 所述的传感器数据通信模块连接海洋平台监测传感器,采集海洋平台监测系统中传感器数据; 所述的计算机系统数据通信模块连接计算机系统,把采集到传感器数据发送至计算机系统; 所述的数据存储模块,存储两方面内容,一方面存储着采集到的传感器数据,另一方面存储着海洋平台传感器信息模块; 所述时钟模块,是为传感器数据存储添加存储时间; 所述的海洋平台传感器信息模块,记录着对海洋平台监测传感器的辨识方式参数和处理方式参数,海洋平 An offshore platform-specific adaptive data collection device, wherein: the module comprises a microprocessor, the sensor data communication module, the computer system a data communication module, a data storage module, clock module, offshore monitoring sensor information module; the microprocessor module are respectively connected to said sensor data communications module, computer system, a data communication module, a data storage module, a clock module; said data communication module connected to a sensor monitoring sensor offshore platform, offshore platform collect sensor data monitoring system; the computer system connected to a computer system data communication module, transmitting the collected sensor data to the computer system; the data storage module stores two aspects, on the one hand to the stored sensor data collected, stored offshore platform hand sensor information module; the clock module, for storing the sensor data storage time is added; said offshore platform module the sensor information, and recording the parameter identification mode parameters handling, marine offshore platform level monitoring sensor 自适应数据采集装置能够自动识别海洋平台传感器信息模块中的传感器。 Adaptive data acquisition device capable of automatically recognizing the sensor information offshore platform in the sensor module.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的一种海洋平台专用的自适应数据采集装置,其特征在于:所述的海洋平台传感器信息模块,实现形式如下: (1)传感器列表由传感器列表目录和传感器列表正文组成; (2)传感器列表目录记录着每个通信波特率段的起始地址; (3)通过查找相应通信波特率段的起始地址,进入传感器列表正文;每个通信波特率由该波特率下的子目录和传感器参数列表组成; (4)波特率子目录,记录着该波特率的编号和该波特率下传感器个数; (5)传感器参数列表由传感器的辨识方式参数和处理方式参数表格组成,由18项内容组成;内容如下: <1>波特率编号;传感器通信波特率的编号; <2>传感器在该通信波特率段的编号,传感器处在该通信波特率位置; <3>传感器类型;传感器在所有监测传感器的编号; 〈4>传感器数据帧的关键字:传感器数据帧中固定不变 2. The marine platform of claim 1. A specific adaptive data acquisition device as claimed in claim, wherein: said sensor information offshore platform module, the following forms: (1) sensor and a sensor playlist directory listing list by the sensor body composition; (2) the sensor list directory record start address of each segment of the communication baud rate; (3) by searching the start address of the corresponding communication baud rate segment, enters the sensor body listing; each communication baud rate and a sensor parameter list of subdirectories in the baud rate of the composition; (4) subdirectories baud rate, the number of the sensor recorded at the baud rate and the baud rate number; (5) by a sensor the sensor parameter list identification mode parameters and parameter tables composed handling, consisting of 18 items; follows: <1> baud number; communication baud rate sensor number; <2> number in the communication baud rate sensor section, a position sensor in the communication baud rate; <3> sensor type; number of all sensors of the monitoring sensor; <4> key sensor data frame: a data frame fixed sensor 字段,通过该字段辨识出不同传感器类型; <5>传感器数据帧的关键字个数,传感器数据帧的关键字有效数据的长度; <6>传感器数据帧头,用以辨识是传感器发送的数据,并开始接收传感器数据; <7>传感器帧头字节个数;传感器帧头有效数据的长度; 〈8>传感器数据帧尾,用以辨识传感器数据发送完毕,并停止接收传感器数据; <9>传感器帧尾个数,传感器帧尾有效数据的长度; <10>传感器数据域特征值;传感器数据域的分隔符;对于有数据分割符的传感器数据帧,通过分隔符来查找有效数据位置; 〈11>传感器有效数据的个数;传感器数据帧中,需要提取有效数据的个数; <12>传感器特征值的起始位置;提取传感器有效数据时用,与传感器数据域特征值配合使用;当有传感器数据域特征值,传感器特征值的起始位置表示每个分隔符在数据帧中的位置 Field, a field identified by the different sensor types; keyword number <5> sensor data frame, the data frame length sensor data valid key; <6> header sensor data, the sensor data for identification is transmitted , and starts receiving the sensor data; the number of header bytes <7> sensors; valid data header length sensor; <8> end of the sensor data frame to identify the sensor data transmission is completed, and stop receiving sensor data; <9 > sensor frame number of the tail, the end of the effective length of the sensor data frame; <10> feature value data field sensor; sensor data field delimiter; sensor data for the data frame delimiter, the data to find the effective position by the separator; the number of <11> valid sensor data; sensor data frame, the number of valid data to be extracted; <12> the starting position of the sensor characteristic values; valid sensor data by extracting, with the sensor data with the use of feature value field; when the sensor data fields feature value, the feature value of the starting position of each sensor indicates the position of the delimiter in the data frame ;当无传感器数据域特征值,传感器特征值的起始位置表示每个有效数据第一个字节的起始位置; <13>传感器无特征值时,每组有效数据的个数;与传感器特征值的起始位置配合使用;当无传感器数据域特征值,该字段表示每个特征值的数据有效个数; <14>传感器列表写入数据存储模块时,每个传感器数据帧的长度;即传感器原始数据帧长度; 〈15>传感器列表写入数据存储模块时,每个数据存储模块段中的传感器数据帧的个数;与传感器数据帧的长度配合使用;根据数据存储模块每个扇区长度与传感器数据帧的长度,计算每个扇区中存储传感器原始数据帧的个数; <16>传感器数据帧处理方式;对于不同传感器数据帧,主要采用2进制形式和ASCII码形式;如果采用ASCII码形式,需要进行处理,对于2进制形式则不需要进行处理; <17>数据的校验方式;每种 ; When there is no data field sensor feature value, the feature value of the start position sensor indicates the beginning of each of the first byte of valid data; when <13> sensor has no characteristic value, the number of each valid data; sensor the starting position with the use of characteristic values; when there is no data field sensor feature value, the feature value of each data field indicates the number of valid; when <14> sensor module list storing the write data, the data length of each frame of the sensor; i.e., the raw sensor data frame; <15> sensor module list storing the write data, the sensor data segment of each data storage module frame number; and the frame size sensor used in conjunction; each sector data storage module zone length with the sensor data frame length, count the number of each sector stored raw sensor data frame; <16> sensor data frame processing mode; sensors for different data frames, mainly in the form of binary and ASCII codes; If the form of ASCII code need be processed, it is not necessary for the binary form for processing; check mode <17> data; each 感器都包含数据校验位,而每种传感器数据校验方式不尽相同,因此对于采集到的数据帧需要进行校验;该位给出数据校验的方式; <18>校验位的位置;与数据的校验方式配合使用,给出传感器数据帧中数据校验位的位置。 Sensor contains a data check bit, and each sensor data validation different manner, so the data needs to be collected to check a frame; the data given by way of check bits; <18> check bits position; the check mode with the use of the data, given the data parity bit position sensor data frame.
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