CN102518373A - Energy-saving window with vacuum layer combined with convection layer and installation and use method of energy-saving window - Google Patents

Energy-saving window with vacuum layer combined with convection layer and installation and use method of energy-saving window Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102518373A
CN102518373A CN2011104260818A CN201110426081A CN102518373A CN 102518373 A CN102518373 A CN 102518373A CN 2011104260818 A CN2011104260818 A CN 2011104260818A CN 201110426081 A CN201110426081 A CN 201110426081A CN 102518373 A CN102518373 A CN 102518373A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
interlayer
hole slot
convection current
vacuum
switchboard
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Application number
CN2011104260818A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102518373B (en
Inventor
殷维
张国强
邹声华
郝小礼
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Henan University of Science and Technology
Hunan University of Science and Technology
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Hunan University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201110426081.8A priority Critical patent/CN102518373B/en
Publication of CN102518373A publication Critical patent/CN102518373A/en
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Publication of CN102518373B publication Critical patent/CN102518373B/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/249Glazing, e.g. vacuum glazing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B80/00Architectural or constructional elements improving the thermal performance of buildings
    • Y02B80/22Glazing, e.g. vaccum glazing

Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of energy conservation of buildings, and particularly relates to an energy-saving window with a vacuum layer combined with a convection layer and an installation and use method of the energy-saving window. The energy-saving window comprises vacuum interlayer outside glass, middle glass, convection interlayer outside glass, a vacuum interlayer and the ventilating convection layer. A vacuum interlayer upper ventilating pore groove and a vacuum interlayer upper ventilating pore groove opening and closing plate are arranged between an upper window frame and the upper portion of the vacuum interlayer; a convection interlayer upper ventilating pore groove and a convection interlayer upper ventilating pore groove opening and closing plate are arranged between the upper window frame and the upper portion of the convection interlayer outside glass; and a convection interlayer lower ventilating pore groove and a convection interlayer lower ventilating pore groove opening and closing plate are arranged between a lower window frame and the lower portion of the convection interlayer outside glass. Indoor all-year reasonable radiation, convection and vacuum heat insulation effects are realized by means of opening or closing the different ventilating pore grooves, so that the requirement of energy conservation of buildings is met.

Description

Combined energy saving window in vacuum layer and troposphere and installation and application thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to building energy saving field, be specifically related to a kind of combined energy saving window of vacuum layer and troposphere and installation and application thereof of triplex glass window.
Background technology
About 1/4th of building energy consumption account whole society total energy consumption, and summer air-conditioning energy consumption and winter heating energy consumption are chief components wherein.In air-conditioning and heating load, window has more intense heat-transfer effect.Such as, be irradiated into indoorly through window in outdoor solar radiation in summer, increase the air-conditioning refrigeration duty, outdoor advection heat air to indoor, further increases load through glass simultaneously, and then increases power consumption; Winter, outside air temperature was lower than room air, and heat to outdoor, causes the loss of indoor heat through glass.So the appropriate design of window directly has influence on the effect of heat insulation, Winter protection in building summer, and then has influence on building energy consumption.
Energy saving window in the past is broadly divided into three types: reduce radial pattern, promptly reduce the amount in solar radiation in the summer inlet chamber, shortcoming then is to have stopped the winter solar light radiation simultaneously, has reduced the supplementary function of solar radiation to indoor heating; Reduce the heat convection type, be generally double-layer glass, middle or be full of air, or vacuum, shortcoming is to solve the problem that the radiation in summer increases the room conditioning load summer; (breathing) window type ventilates; It also is double-layer glass; Top and the bottom are provided with gravity vent; Utilize convection current to take a breath and dispel the heat, its shortcoming be can't solve interlayer air heat convection summer to the increase of indoor heat requirement, winter increase problem to indoor refrigeration duty, promptly summer heat insulation poor effect with Winter protection.
Based on above reason, need the advantage of a kind of comprehensive above all kinds window of invention badly, overcome the novel window of its shortcoming again, to satisfy the demand of building energy conservation.
Summary of the invention
First purpose of the present invention is to the above-mentioned defective that exists in the prior art; A kind of principle based on radiation, convection current, three kinds of heat transfer types of heat conduction is provided, the combined energy saving window of vacuum layer and troposphere of combination radiation, convection current and three kinds of functions of vacuum heat-insulation.
First purpose of the present invention is to realize through following technical scheme: the combined energy saving window in this vacuum layer and troposphere; It comprises vacuum interlayer outside glass, intermediate glass, the convection current interlayer outside glass that is installed on the window frame; Vacuum interlayer outside glass and intermediate glass form the vacuum interlayer of a sealing, and intermediate glass and convection current interlayer outside glass form a ventilating convection layer; Between upper window frame and vacuum interlayer top, be provided with a vacuum interlayer overdraught hole slot, the upper window frame in the hole slot outside is provided with vacuum interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard; Between upper window frame and glass top, the convection current interlayer outside, be provided with a convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot, the upper window frame in the hole slot outside is provided with convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard; Be provided with a convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot between the glass bottom, window frame and the convection current interlayer outside down, the following window frame in the hole slot outside is provided with convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot switchboard.
Second purpose of the present invention provides the installation and application of the combined energy saving window of above-mentioned vacuum layer and troposphere, and it comprises following content:
(1) when torridity summer, with said vacuum interlayer outside glass towards indoor, convection current interlayer outside glass towards outdoor mounted; Close vacuum interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard, open convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard and convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot switchboard;
(2) in spring and autumn during transition season, with said vacuum interlayer outside glass towards indoor, convection current interlayer outside glass towards outdoor mounted; Close convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard, open convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot switchboard and vacuum interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard; Perhaps, open all ventilation hole slot switchboards;
(3) when cold winter, with said convection current interlayer outside glass towards indoor, vacuum interlayer outside glass towards outdoor mounted; Close vacuum interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard, open convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard and convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot switchboard;
Perhaps, with said vacuum interlayer outside glass towards indoor, convection current interlayer outside glass towards outdoor mounted; Then close convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard, convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot switchboard and vacuum interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard.
The present invention has following beneficial effect:
(1) when torridity summer, both can weaken because the radiation load of indoor generation is injected in solar radiation through convection type, can exclude direct convection current of hot outdoor air and heat conduction through vacuum interlayer again, that is, and reduced radiation, isolated convection current.
(2) when transition season, add the air of hot-air convection interlayer through solar radiation, open ventilation hole slot up and down, utilize the air thermal lift to carry out natural ventilation, reach the purpose of improving indoor air quality.
(3) during winter, both keep tightness, heat insulating ability in cold, utilized solar radiation heating room air again.Winter is interim, with this window with respect to after horizontally rotating 180 degree summer under the installment state, counter being contained on the window frame.After so installing, the convection current of outdoor cold air and the heat conduction of glass are all completely cut off by vacuum layer, and solar radiation then can see through vacuum layer, and heat is wherein attracted by room air, reach the function of heating room air.
(4) in cold season, if reverse the installation is difficult to realization or lost labor, then can directly close all ventilation hole slots, reach the effect of insulation.Its effect is similar to three layers of hollow glass, just can not use solar radiation heating room air.
(5) combination through vacuum interlayer and cross-ventilation interlayer, and the positive and negative installation of Various Seasonal reaches the purpose of rationally utilizing solar radiation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the side sectional view of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the perspective view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the on off state figure of the embodiment of the invention when using summer.
On off state figure when Fig. 4, Fig. 5 are the use of embodiment of the invention transition season.
On off state figure when Fig. 6 is the embodiment of the invention anti-dress the in winter.
On off state figure when Fig. 7 is embodiment of the invention formal dress in winter.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is described in further detail.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2; Present embodiment comprises vacuum interlayer outside glass 1, intermediate glass 2, the convection current interlayer outside glass 3 that is installed on the window frame 12; Vacuum interlayer outside glass 1 forms the vacuum interlayer 4 that seals with intermediate glass 2, and intermediate glass 2 forms ventilating convection layer 5 with convection current interlayer outside glass 3; Between upper window frame 12 and vacuum interlayer 4 tops, be provided with vacuum interlayer overdraught hole slot 8, the upper window frame 12 in hole slot 8 outsides is provided with vacuum interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard 11; Between upper window frame 12 and glass 3 tops, the convection current interlayer outside, be provided with convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot 7, the upper window frame 12 in hole slot 7 outsides is provided with convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard 10; Be provided with convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot 6 between glass 3 bottoms, window frame 12 and the convection current interlayer outside down, the following window frame 12 in hole slot 6 outsides is provided with convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot switchboard 9.
Referring to Fig. 3, when torridity summer, with vacuum interlayer outside glass 1 towards indoor, convection current interlayer outside glass 3 towards outdoor mounted; Close vacuum interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard 11, open convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard 10 and convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot switchboard 9.When the solar light irradiation window, at first emittance is divided into three parts, respectively by convection current interlayer outside glass-reflected, absorb and see through; Next emittance that sees through is reflected, absorbs and sees through by intermediate glass again.In this process; The heat that the energy of intermediate glass reflection and the energy of absorption, convection current interlayer outside glass absorb has heated the air of ventilating convection layer jointly, and then has produced thermal pressure; From convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot inhaled air, discharge from convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot again.
Referring to Fig. 4, Fig. 5, in spring and autumn during transition season, with vacuum interlayer outside glass 1 towards indoor, convection current interlayer outside glass 3 towards outdoor mounted; Close convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard 10, open convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot switchboard 9 and vacuum interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard 11; When solar irradiation, the air in the ventilating convection layer is heated, and produces buoyancy lift, and outdoor fresh air is sucked from convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot, sends into indoorly from vacuum interlayer overdraught hole slot, reaches unpowered effect of natural ventilation.Perhaps, open all ventilation hole slot switchboards; This moment, outside wind pressure capable of using carried out natural ventilation.
Referring to Fig. 6, when cold winter, with convection current interlayer outside glass 3 towards indoor, vacuum interlayer outside glass 1 towards outdoor mounted; Close vacuum interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard 11, open convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard 10 and convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot switchboard 9; At first, vacuum interlayer outside glass can't be delivered to intermediate glass through vacuum interlayer by the cold that outdoor convection current obtained, because do not have heat convection without gas.Secondly; The energy part that solar radiation energy sees through vacuum interlayer outside glass is attracted by the air in the ventilating convection layer; And then generation thermal lift; Make the room air that sucks from convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot, be heated the back and send back to indoorly from convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot, played the effect that increases indoor air temperature.
Referring to Fig. 7, when cold winter, perhaps, with vacuum interlayer outside glass 1 towards indoor, convection current interlayer outside glass 3 towards outdoor mounted; Then close convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard 10, convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot switchboard 9 and vacuum interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard 11.Like this, play the effect of three layers of medi-empty glass window,, reduce most convection heat losses, so heat insulation effect is excellent owing to be provided with vacuum interlayer.But in this scheme, solar radiation is weakened the temperature rise effect of room air.

Claims (2)

1. combined energy saving window of vacuum layer and troposphere; It is characterized in that: it comprises vacuum interlayer outside glass, intermediate glass, the convection current interlayer outside glass that is installed on the window frame; Vacuum interlayer outside glass and intermediate glass form the vacuum interlayer of a sealing, and intermediate glass and convection current interlayer outside glass form a ventilating convection layer; Between upper window frame and vacuum interlayer top, be provided with a vacuum interlayer overdraught hole slot, the upper window frame in the hole slot outside is provided with vacuum interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard; Between upper window frame and glass top, the convection current interlayer outside, be provided with a convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot, the upper window frame in the hole slot outside is provided with convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard; Be provided with a convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot between the glass bottom, window frame and the convection current interlayer outside down, the following window frame in the hole slot outside is provided with convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot switchboard.
2. installation and application of the combined energy saving window of vacuum layer and troposphere according to claim 1 is characterized in that comprising following content:
(1) when torridity summer, with said vacuum interlayer outside glass towards indoor, convection current interlayer outside glass towards outdoor mounted; Close vacuum interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard, open convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard and convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot switchboard;
(2) in spring and autumn during transition season, with said vacuum interlayer outside glass towards indoor, convection current interlayer outside glass towards outdoor mounted; Close convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard, open convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot switchboard and vacuum interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard; Perhaps, open all ventilation hole slot switchboards;
(3) when cold winter, with said convection current interlayer outside glass towards indoor, vacuum interlayer outside glass towards outdoor mounted; Close vacuum interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard, open convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard and convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot switchboard;
Perhaps, with said vacuum interlayer outside glass towards indoor, convection current interlayer outside glass towards outdoor mounted; Then close convection current interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard, convection current interlayer leg space ventilation hole slot switchboard and vacuum interlayer overdraught hole slot switchboard.
CN201110426081.8A 2011-12-19 2011-12-19 Energy-saving window with vacuum layer combined with convection layer and installation and use method of energy-saving window Expired - Fee Related CN102518373B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103388436A (en) * 2013-08-02 2013-11-13 山东理工大学 Lighting device capable of adjusting radiant heat flow direction as required
CN108843203A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-11-20 李钢 A kind of unpowered automatic temperature-control windowpane
CN109610985A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-04-12 姚卫国 A kind of glass assembly and door and window or glass curtain wall using the glass assembly
CN110185364A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-08-30 中联西北工程设计研究院有限公司 A kind of openable greenhouse cavity structure

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2003060570A2 (en) * 2002-01-15 2003-07-24 Omega Optical, Inc. Protective optical filter assembly
WO2004022898A1 (en) * 2002-09-05 2004-03-18 Boe Technology Group Co.,Ltd Evacuated glass panel and method of fixing support means, disposed therein
CN2667121Y (en) * 2003-12-24 2004-12-29 王益平 Energy-saving, heat insulation soundproof window
CN2697281Y (en) * 2003-08-27 2005-05-04 王文明 Multi-purpose solar energy air conditioning window
CN201180470Y (en) * 2008-03-03 2009-01-14 中国科学技术大学 Natural ventilation type solar photovoltaic window

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2003060570A2 (en) * 2002-01-15 2003-07-24 Omega Optical, Inc. Protective optical filter assembly
WO2003060570A3 (en) * 2002-01-15 2003-10-16 Omega Optical Inc Protective optical filter assembly
WO2004022898A1 (en) * 2002-09-05 2004-03-18 Boe Technology Group Co.,Ltd Evacuated glass panel and method of fixing support means, disposed therein
CN2697281Y (en) * 2003-08-27 2005-05-04 王文明 Multi-purpose solar energy air conditioning window
CN2667121Y (en) * 2003-12-24 2004-12-29 王益平 Energy-saving, heat insulation soundproof window
CN201180470Y (en) * 2008-03-03 2009-01-14 中国科学技术大学 Natural ventilation type solar photovoltaic window

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103388436A (en) * 2013-08-02 2013-11-13 山东理工大学 Lighting device capable of adjusting radiant heat flow direction as required
CN108843203A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-11-20 李钢 A kind of unpowered automatic temperature-control windowpane
CN108843203B (en) * 2018-08-24 2023-11-28 李钢 Unpowered automatic temperature regulating glass window
CN109610985A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-04-12 姚卫国 A kind of glass assembly and door and window or glass curtain wall using the glass assembly
CN110185364A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-08-30 中联西北工程设计研究院有限公司 A kind of openable greenhouse cavity structure

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