CN204738716U - Energy -conserving window of photovoltaic tripe semiconductor control by temperature change - Google Patents

Energy -conserving window of photovoltaic tripe semiconductor control by temperature change Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204738716U
CN204738716U CN201520430953.1U CN201520430953U CN204738716U CN 204738716 U CN204738716 U CN 204738716U CN 201520430953 U CN201520430953 U CN 201520430953U CN 204738716 U CN204738716 U CN 204738716U
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China
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air
window
cavity
photovoltaic
chipset
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520430953.1U
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Chinese (zh)
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张泠
罗勇强
刘忠兵
孟方芳
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Hunan University
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Hunan University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an energy -conserving window of photovoltaic tripe semiconductor control by temperature change, the device includes photovoltaic tripe subassembly, the heat dissipation layer, two side air condition passageways and double glazing intermediate layer, photovoltaic tripe subassembly is formed according to the equipment of hundred lobate shaped formulas by a series of solar PV cells, two side air condition passageways are by the window frame, the air condition cavity, the thermoelectric heatpump chipset, fin radiator soft breeze machine is formed, the thermoelectric heatpump chipset passes through the connection of electric lines with solar PV cells, set up the direction of current flow control switch on the electric wire. The utility model discloses utilize the photovoltaic tripe to turn into the direct current with solar radiation and be used for driving the thermoelectric heatpump chipset and freeze or heat, utilize the thermoelectric heatpump effectively to realize the insulation of window form when indoor solar radiation must warm reducing, very big reduction architectural energy consumption, and is characterized in simple structure compactness, energy -conservation, high efficiency etc..

Description

A kind of photovoltaic shutter semiconductor temperature-control energy saving window
Technical field
The utility model belongs to building doors and windows technical field, particularly relates to a kind ofly have thermal insulation and reduce the photovoltaic shutter semiconductor temperature-control energy saving window of room conditioning load character.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of building trade, building energy consumption problem has become a major issue urgently to be resolved hurrily.According to related data statistics, building energy consumption accounts for greatly 30% of total energy consumption, and this ratio constantly will increase along with the development of society.In growing building energy consumption, the energy consumption of air-conditioning equipment has accounted for very large proportion, and the heat transfer of architectural exterior-protecting construction is the principal element causing air-conditioning equipment energy consumption too high, therefore, energy-saving design is carried out for architectural exterior-protecting construction or transformation is significant.For traditional space enclosing structure, generally comprise body of wall and window, the air conditioner load wherein caused by window is generally 2 times of wall load.Traditional glass window thermal capacitance is large compared with little, thermal transmittance, and simultaneously outdoor solar radiation significantly increases the room conditioning load in summer.Therefore, design and a kind ofly have the novel window utilizing solar energy resources He realize space enclosing structure thermal insulation feature concurrently, for minimizing building energy consumption with to realize sustainable development significant.
Existing energy-saving window adopts the structure design of bilayer or triple glazing window mostly, adopts the mode of vacuum cavity to reduce the heat transfer of window.First, such design inevitable requirement vacuum window has absolute seal, but because window structure can cause along with indoor and outdoor temperature fluctuation change the stress deformation expanded with heat and contract with cold, in the Long-Time Service process of vacuum energy-saving window, the seal of forms is difficult to be guaranteed.Secondly, conventional vacuum energy saving window adopts the mode increasing vacuum interlayer to increase the thermal resistance of window, thus reduce the coefficient of heat conduction of window, but during the broiling summer, the diffusive radiation on outdoor strong beam radia, sky and ground all will enter indoor by clear glass, increase indoor air conditioner load, adopt common blinds or curtain sunshade not to reach again the object of Appropriate application solar energy.
Through patent retrieval, Chinese patent Authorization Notice No. CN202706840U, utility model patent name is called: solar energy sunshade integrated energy-saving window, this energy saving window technology mainly adopts solar heat-collection plate to be located at French window bottom or top hinged window top, a certain amount of hot water is prepared for indoor as the sunlight-heat reaources of solar energy can be utilized while a kind of movable sun-shading equipment, but this solar heat-collection plate is suspended on outside window and safety can be caused to can not get ensureing, and this solar energy sunshade integrated energy-saving window only can reduce the impact of outdoor beam radia on indoor, not remarkable for the diffusive radiation aspect effect reducing the heat transfer of window own and outdoor.
Also found by patent retrieval, Chinese patent Authorization Notice No. CN203285276U, utility model patent name is called: air flowing energy saving window, this technology adopts double window agent structure, common blind sunshade device is set between layer glass and stops outdoor beam radia, opening and ambient air is provided with below inner glass, utilize the buoyancy lift effect of the hot air in double-layer glass cavity, the air of indoor upwards can be flowed via inner glass lower opening place, to cause the circulation of air, reduce window to the heat transfer of indoor, but the air for cooling double window cavity principle is obtained by room conditioning refrigeration, single unit system is for reducing the limited in one's ability of room conditioning load.
In order to utilize the photoelectricity of solar energy, sunlight-heat reaources and reduce outdoor sun direct projection and diffusive radiation to the impact of indoor simultaneously, solar photovoltaic cell panel and architectural exterior-protecting construction are carried out combination and be one and select preferably.Consider, the direct current that sunshine transforms can be used for driving semiconductor heat electrical chip freeze or heat by solar photovoltaic cell panel, thus reaches the object of the heat requirement controlling window simultaneously.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is the deficiency overcoming existing energy saving window, a kind of energy-saving window that can fully utilize solar-energy photo-voltaic cell and semiconductor heat electrical chip is provided, to stop outdoor solar radiation, reduce the heat transfer of window and outdoor air, thus effectively cut down room conditioning load.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model proposes is a kind of photovoltaic shutter semiconductor temperature-control energy saving window, described device comprises photovoltaic shutter assembly from outside to inside, heat dissipating layer, bilateral air regulating channel and double-layer glass interlayer, described photovoltaic shutter assembly is assembled according to blinds form by a series of solar-energy photo-voltaic cell, described bilateral air regulating channel is by window frame, air conditioning cavity, thermoelectric heatpump chipset, fin radiator and blower fan composition, described thermoelectric heatpump chipset is connected by electric wire with solar-energy photo-voltaic cell, electric wire is arranged sense of current gauge tap.Described heat dissipating layer is made up of the cavity that ventilates, outer glass epidermis, ventilation opening and air channel switch, described photovoltaic shutter assembly is placed in the ventilation cavity of heat dissipating layer, the outer glass epidermis of heat dissipating layer is provided with two ventilation openings of upper-lower position, and upper and lower two ventilation openings are provided with air channel switch.Described photovoltaic shutter assembly is positioned at the cavity inside of heat dissipating layer, and bilateral air regulating channel is positioned at the both sides of double-layer glass interlayer, symmetrical.The blower fan of described sense of current gauge tap coordinated signals bilateral air regulating channel, thermoelectric heatpump chipset and outer glass epidermis ventilation opening air channel switch.
The purpose of this utility model is realized by following technical thought:
Under cooling in summer operating mode, the ventilation opening air channel switch opens of the outer glass epidermis of heat dissipating layer, heat dissipating layer and outdoor are in connected state, photovoltaic shutter assembly in heat dissipating layer effectively can absorb the heat radiation radiation on beam radia and sky and ground, and a solar radiation part for absorption is converted into direct current, remainder is converted into heat via the solar photovoltaic cell panel back side by the air heat-exchange in the mode of heat convection and heat dissipating layer ventilation cavity, in outside wind pressure and ventilation cavity under the effect of hot air buoyancy lift, unnecessary heat spills in the middle of environment, thus effectively reduce the temperature of photovoltaic shutter assembly, improve electricity conversion.Meanwhile, the direct current of photovoltaic shutter assembly generation is for driving the semiconductor heat electrical chip in bilateral air regulating channel.Semiconductor heat electrical chip medial surface freezes, lateral surface heats, the heating capacity of lateral surface spills in heat dissipating layer vent passages through outside fin radiator, the refrigerating capacity of medial surface spills in air conditioning cavity through inner side fin radiator, decrease the cold and hot end temperature difference of semiconductor heat electrical chip, improve thermoelectric heatpump refrigerating efficiency.Cold air in bilateral air regulating channel is sent in double-layer glass interlayer by the blower fan at top, the principle utilizing cold air to sink make cold air evenly cooling window body glass surface temperature and realize heat insulation effect.
Under winter heating's operating mode, the ventilation opening air channel switch of heat dissipating layer cuts out, heat dissipating layer and outdoor are in state of isolation, meanwhile, change the air-flow direction in the sense of current and bilateral air regulating channel inputting semiconductor heat electrical chip, change exhausting into by top blower fan, bottom blower fan changes air-supply into.Photovoltaic shutter assembly in heat dissipating layer effectively absorbs beam radia and heat radiation radiation, after being converted into direct current, remaining portion of energy is converted into heat via the solar photovoltaic cell panel back side by the air heat-exchange in the mode of heat convection and heat dissipating layer ventilation cavity, and the cavity now closed is equivalent to a greenhouse.Meanwhile, the direct current of photovoltaic shutter assembly generation is for driving the semiconductor heat electrical chip in bilateral air regulating channel.Semiconductor heat electrical chip medial surface heats, lateral surface freezes, the refrigerating capacity of lateral surface spills in heat dissipating layer vent passages through outside fin radiator, the heating capacity of medial surface spills in air conditioning cavity through inner side fin radiator, decrease the cold and hot end temperature difference of semiconductor heat electrical chip, further increase thermoelectric heatpump heating efficiency.Hot air in bilateral air regulating channel is sent in double-layer glass interlayer by the blower fan of lower curtate, and the principle utilizing hot air to float realizes being uniformly distributed of hot air and realizes the effect of forms insulation.
Compared with traditional energy-saving window, the utility model has the advantage of: adopt shutter type solar photovoltaic cell panel, photovoltaic shutter angle can free adjustment, realize photovoltaic generation while meeting Indoor Natural daylighting needs with this to maximize, solar photovoltaic cell panel is adopted to drive semiconductor heat electrical chip cooling and warming, namely what realize photovoltaic generation sends out i.e. use, utilizes the ventilation cavity of heat dissipating layer to take away waste heat, improves the operating efficiency of photovoltaic efficiency and semiconductor heat electric heating pump.In double-layer glass interlayer, carry cold air or hot air by bilateral air regulating channel, realize the requirement of energy-saving window heat insulation Winter protection in summer, reduce room conditioning load energy consumption greatly.
In sum, the utility model, by the feature in conjunction with photovoltaic shutter device and semiconductor heat electrical chip, constructs a kind of Novel energy-saving window device, effectively make use of solar energy resources, decrease the heat requirement of window, advance the development and apply of energy-saving building technology further.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the side schematic view of a kind of photovoltaic shutter semiconductor temperature-control of the utility model energy saving window;
Fig. 2 is the sectional drawing at A-A place in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the sectional drawing at B-B place in Fig. 2.
Shown in attached number in the figure, name is called: 1-photovoltaic shutter assembly; 101-solar-energy photo-voltaic cell; 2-heat dissipating layer; 201-ventilation cavity; The outer glass epidermis of 202-; 203-ventilation opening; 204-air channel switch; 3-bilateral air regulating channel; 301-window frame; 302-air conditioning cavity; 303-thermoelectric heatpump chipset; 304-lateral surface fin radiator; 305-medial surface fin radiator; 306-top blower fan; Blower fan bottom 307-; Air port, 308-top; 309-bottom tuyeres; 4-double-layer glass interlayer; 401-inner layer glass; 402-glass outer; 403-convection current cavity; 5-current-controlled switch.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, detailed description of the invention of the present utility model is elaborated further, but embodiment of the present utility model is not limited thereto.
The utility model specific embodiment is in sum only the utility model preferred embodiment, is not intended to limit the restriction of the utility model protection domain.Therefore, any do within technical characteristic of the present utility model change, modification, substitute, combination or simplify, all should be equivalence substitute mode, be included within protection domain of the present utility model.
A kind of photovoltaic shutter semiconductor temperature-control energy saving window device as shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, this device from outside to inside (outside is the side of finger device towards outdoor) includes photovoltaic shutter assembly 1, heat dissipating layer 2, bilateral air regulating channel 3 and double-layer glass interlayer 4, is fixed into an entirety after each layer is assembled successively.
Photovoltaic shutter assembly 1 is installed according to blinds form by solar-energy photo-voltaic cell 101, the ventilation cavity 201 that whole photovoltaic shutter assembly 1 is suspended on heat dissipating layer 2 is inner, is respectively equipped with ventilation opening 203 and air channel switch 204 on the top of the outer glass epidermis 202 of heat dissipating layer 2 and lower position.Bilateral air regulating channel 3 is in the same plane with double-layer glass interlayer 4, window frame 301 is for the inner layer glass 401 of fixing double-layer glass interlayer 4 and glass outer 402, and inner layer glass 401 is convection current cavity 403 with the air blanketing in the middle of glass outer 402.Thermoelectric heatpump chipset 303 is arranged on outer side window frame 301 according to the direction parallel with window-glass, lateral surface fin radiator 304 contacts with medial surface with the lateral surface of thermoelectric heatpump chipset 303 respectively with medial surface fin radiator 305, wherein lateral surface fin radiator 304 is positioned at ventilation cavity 201 inside of heat dissipating layer 2, and it is inner that medial surface fin radiator 305 is positioned at air conditioning cavity 302.Top blower fan 306 and bottom blower fan 307 is separately installed with, respectively air port, corresponding top 308 and bottom tuyeres 309 at the top and bottom of bilateral air regulating channel 3.Photovoltaic shutter assembly 1 is connected by electric wire with thermoelectric heatpump chipset 303, electric wire arranges current-controlled switch 5, control electric current forward, oppositely and three gears disconnected respectively, and the wind direction coordinated signals of current-controlled switch 5 and ventilation opening 203 and top blower fan 306, bottom blower fan 307, photovoltaic shutter assembly 1 can be connected with battery (the present embodiment does not provide).
The operating principle of a kind of photovoltaic shutter semiconductor temperature-control energy saving window of the present embodiment is:
(1) freezing season, the air channel switch 204 of heat dissipating layer 2 is opened, heat dissipating layer 2 and outdoor environment is made to be in connected state, outdoor beam radia and diffusive radiation are irradiated on photovoltaic shutter assembly 1, part solar radiation is absorbed by solar photovoltaic cell panel 101, remainder energy is dispersed in the middle of ventilation cavity 201 by the back side of solar photovoltaic cell panel 101, hot air is discharged in outside atmosphere environment by ventilation cavity 201 under the acting in conjunction of outside wind pressure and cavity inside hot pressing, thus significantly reduce the baseplate temp of solar photovoltaic cell panel 101, improve the electricity conversion of photovoltaic shutter assembly 1.The direct current that photovoltaic shutter assembly 1 produces is input in the middle of thermoelectric heatpump chipset 303 by electric wire, and thermoelectric heatpump chipset 303 carries out absorption refrigeration at medial surface, heats at lateral surface.The heat that thermoelectric heatpump chipset 303 produces spills in the middle of ventilation cavity 201 by lateral surface fin radiator 304, and be discharged in outside atmosphere environment along with the air-flow in cavity, meanwhile, the cold that thermoelectric heatpump chipset 303 produces spills into air conditioning cavity 302 by medial surface fin radiator 305.Under cooling condition, top blower fan 306 and bottom blower fan 307 are respectively as ventilator and induced draft fan, cold air in air conditioning cavity 302 is sent into double-layer glass interlayer 4 by air port, top 308 by top blower fan 306, it is inner that cold air is evenly distributed in convection current cavity 403 in sinking watching, cold air can be conducted heat with room air and ventilation cavity 201 respectively by inner layer glass 401 and glass outer 402, can be dissipated some colds while maintenance double-layer glass interlayer 4 surface temperature, bottom blower fan 307 extracts convection current cavity 403 inner air and enters bilateral air regulating channel 3 by bottom tuyeres 309 and re-start cooling, with this effect making forms reach heat insulation that circulates.
(2) at heating season, the sense of current of input thermoelectric heatpump chipset 303 is first changed by current-controlled switch 5, change the air supply direction of top blower fan 306 and bottom blower fan 307 simultaneously, namely top blower fan 306 as induced draft fan bottom blower fan 307 as ventilator.Then the air channel switch 204 of the ventilation opening 203 of heat dissipating layer 2 is closed, heat dissipating layer 2 and outdoor environment is made to be in state of isolation, outdoor beam radia and diffusive radiation are irradiated on photovoltaic shutter assembly 1, part solar radiation is absorbed by solar photovoltaic cell panel 101, remainder energy is dispersed in the middle of ventilation cavity 201 by the back side of solar photovoltaic cell panel 101, ventilation cavity 201 defines a greenhouse in the closed state, plays the effect of insulation.The direct current that photovoltaic shutter assembly 1 produces is input in the middle of thermoelectric heatpump chipset 303 by electric wire, and thermoelectric heatpump chipset 303 carries out absorption refrigeration at lateral surface, heats at medial surface.The cold that thermoelectric heatpump chipset 303 produces spills in the middle of ventilation cavity 201 by lateral surface fin radiator 304, and meanwhile, the heat that thermoelectric heatpump chipset 303 produces spills into air conditioning cavity 302 by medial surface fin radiator 305.Under heating condition, hot air in air conditioning cavity 302 is sent into double-layer glass interlayer 4 by bottom tuyeres 309 by bottom blower fan 307, it is inner that hot air is evenly distributed in convection current cavity 403 in the process floated, hot air can be conducted heat with room air and ventilation cavity 201 respectively by inner layer glass 401 and glass outer 402, can be dissipated some heats while maintenance double-layer glass interlayer 4 surface temperature, the air that top blower fan 306 extracts convection current cavity 403 inside enters bilateral air regulating channel 3 by air port, top 308 and re-starts heating, with this effect making forms reach insulation that circulates.

Claims (6)

1. a photovoltaic shutter semiconductor temperature-control energy saving window, it is characterized in that, described photovoltaic shutter semiconductor temperature-control energy saving window comprises photovoltaic shutter assembly, heat dissipating layer, bilateral air regulating channel and double-layer glass interlayer, described photovoltaic shutter assembly is assembled according to blinds form by a series of solar-energy photo-voltaic cell, described bilateral air regulating channel is by window frame, air conditioning cavity, thermoelectric heatpump chipset, fin radiator and blower fan composition, described thermoelectric heatpump chipset is connected by electric wire with solar-energy photo-voltaic cell, electric wire is arranged sense of current gauge tap.
2. a kind of photovoltaic shutter semiconductor temperature-control energy saving window according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described heat dissipating layer is made up of the cavity that ventilates, outer glass epidermis, ventilation opening and air channel switch, described photovoltaic shutter assembly is placed in the ventilation cavity of heat dissipating layer, the outer glass epidermis of heat dissipating layer is provided with two ventilation openings at upper-lower position, and the ventilation state of upper and lower two ventilation openings is by air channel switch control rule.
3. a kind of photovoltaic shutter semiconductor temperature-control energy saving window according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, thermoelectric heatpump chipset in described bilateral air regulating channel is formed by wired in series by a series of semiconductor heat electrical chip, be arranged on window frame according to the direction being parallel to window, medial surface fin radiator and lateral surface fin radiator is separately installed with on the two sides of semiconductor heat electrical chip, lateral surface fin radiator is placed in the ventilation cavity inside of heat dissipating layer, and medial surface fin radiator is placed in the air conditioning cavity inside of bilateral air regulating channel.
4. a kind of photovoltaic shutter semiconductor temperature-control energy saving window according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the top and bottom of the air conditioning cavity in described bilateral air regulating channel is respectively arranged with air outlet and return air inlet, assembling at the top and bottom of air conditioning cavity, and is connected with air outlet and return air inlet respectively.
5. a kind of photovoltaic shutter semiconductor temperature-control energy saving window according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, double-layer glass interlayer is made up of inner layer glass, glass outer and convection current cavity, and convection current cavity is connected with return air inlet with the air outlet of bilateral air regulating channel.
6. a kind of photovoltaic shutter semiconductor temperature-control energy saving window according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the blower fan of described sense of current gauge tap coordinated signals bilateral air regulating channel, thermoelectric heatpump chipset and outer glass epidermis ventilation opening air channel switch.
CN201520430953.1U 2015-06-23 2015-06-23 Energy -conserving window of photovoltaic tripe semiconductor control by temperature change Expired - Fee Related CN204738716U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104879051A (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-09-02 湖南大学 Photovoltaic shutter semiconductor temperature-control energy-saving window
CN111219822A (en) * 2020-02-23 2020-06-02 重庆大学 Air conditioner room ventilation control method based on exhaust fan and ventilation window

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104879051A (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-09-02 湖南大学 Photovoltaic shutter semiconductor temperature-control energy-saving window
CN104879051B (en) * 2015-06-23 2017-01-18 湖南大学 Photovoltaic shutter semiconductor temperature-control energy-saving window
CN111219822A (en) * 2020-02-23 2020-06-02 重庆大学 Air conditioner room ventilation control method based on exhaust fan and ventilation window
CN111219822B (en) * 2020-02-23 2021-07-23 重庆大学 Air conditioner room ventilation control method based on exhaust fan and ventilation window

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Granted publication date: 20151104

Termination date: 20160623