CN102479140A - Computer system and hard disk state display method - Google Patents

Computer system and hard disk state display method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102479140A
CN102479140A CN 201010575649 CN201010575649A CN102479140A CN 102479140 A CN102479140 A CN 102479140A CN 201010575649 CN201010575649 CN 201010575649 CN 201010575649 A CN201010575649 A CN 201010575649A CN 102479140 A CN102479140 A CN 102479140A
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hard disk
microcontroller
computer system
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CN 201010575649
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张伯壮
李振宾
王煌清
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英业达股份有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a computer system and a hard disk state display method. The computer system is used for displaying and controlling the state of a hard disk and a main engine bus adapter card of the computer system is used for detecting the state of the hard disk; the hard disk state is displayed by lights sent out by a state lamp; a base board management controller and the main engine bus adapter card are arranged on a main board; and the base board management controller is used for monitoring and recording the state of the hard disk. A microcomputer is arranged on the rear board of the hard disk to decode the information transmitted from the main engine bus adapter card and control the display of the state lamp.

Description

计算机系统及其硬盘状态显示方法 The computer system and the hard disk status display method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明是有关于一种计算机系统,且特别是有关于一种含有硬盘的计算机系统及其硬盘状态显示方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a computer system, and more particularly relates to a display method comprising the computer system and the hard disk state.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着信息的蓬勃发展,储存装置的管理也就更显得重要,而通常一般的储存装置服务器(Storage Server)对于硬盘(HD,Hard Disk)的管理与控制,乃是先由硬盘控制器侦测硬盘的状态,并将对应硬盘状态的LED灯号控制讯号传送给复杂可程序逻辑装置(Complex Programmable Logic Device ;CPLD)进行解码,并使LED依照该讯号点灯显示。 [0002] With the rapid development of information, management of storage devices has become even more important, and usually a general storage server (Storage Server) for hard disk (HD, Hard Disk) management and control, but first by the hard disk controller detected state hard drive, and the drive status LED lights corresponding to the control signal transmitted to the complex programmable logic device (complex Programmable logic device; CPLD) decoding, and the LED display in accordance with the signal lighting. 复杂可程序逻辑装置适合用来实现各种运算和组合逻辑(combinational logic)。 Complex programmable logic device is suitable for implementing various types of calculation and combinatorial logic (combinational logic). 一个复杂可程序逻辑装置内等于包含了数个可程序化数组逻辑(PAL),各可程序化数组逻辑间的互接连线也可以进行程序性的规划、烧录,复杂可程序逻辑装置运用这种多合一(All-In-One)的整合作法,使其一个就能实现数千个逻辑闸,甚至数十万个逻辑闸才能构成的电路。 A complex programmable logic device comprising a plurality of equal programmable array logic (the PAL), successive cross lines between the programmable logic array may be programmed planning, programming, complex programmable logic device using this multi-one (All-in-One) integration practice, you can realize a logic gate of thousands, even hundreds of thousands of logic gates in order to constitute a circuit.

[0003] 然而,复杂可程序逻辑装置的造价昂贵,须占据大量面积,且复杂可程序逻辑装置无法记录硬盘所发生的各种事件。 [0003] However, the cost of complex programmable logic devices are expensive, take a lot of area required, and complex events occurring hard programmable logic device can not be recorded. 此外,在更新固件时,则需要通过其它计算机协助,才能进行,无法直接利用本机更新其固件。 In addition, when you update the firmware, you will need assistance through other computers in order to perform, can not directly use the machine to update its firmware.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 因此,本发明的一方面是提供一种计算机系统,能够降低制造成本以及电路面积, 并可记录硬盘所发生的各种事件,且可自行更新其固件。 [0004] Accordingly, an aspect of the present invention is to provide a computer system capable of reducing manufacturing cost and circuit area, a hard disk events occurred can be recorded, and may update its own firmware.

[0005] 依据本发明一实施例,计算机机架系统藉以显示与控制硬盘状态,此计算机机架系统含有至少复数个状态灯、一硬盘背板、复数个从微控制器、复数个主机板、复数个主机总线适配卡(Host Bus Adapter ;HBA),以及复数个基板管理控制器(Baseboard Management Controller ;BMC) 0主机总线适配卡硬盘控制器侦测复数个硬盘的状态,状态灯电性连接硬盘背板以发出亮光来显示硬盘的状态。 [0005] According to one embodiment of the present invention, whereby the computer rack system display and control the state of the hard disk, the computer system comprising at least a plurality of rack status lights, a hard disk backplane, from a plurality of micro-controllers, a plurality of motherboards, a plurality of host bus adapter (host bus adapter; HBA), and a plurality of BMC (Baseboard management controller; BMC) 0 host bus adapter controller detects a plurality of hard disk status, status lights electrically hard disk backplane connector to emit light to display the status of the disk. 主机总线适配卡与基板管理控制器设置于主机板之上。 Host bus adapter card and BMC is disposed on the motherboard. 从微控制器设置于硬盘背板之上,并通过数据讯号线电性连接于主机总线适配卡,以接收并解码主机总线适配卡传递的消息。 The microcontroller is provided above the hard disk backplane, and is connected to the host bus adapter through electrical data signal line to receive and decode a host bus adapter from the transmitted message. 这些从微控制器通过灯号控制线连接状态灯,并藉由解码自主机总线适配卡传递过来的消息,来控制灯号的显示。 These messages signalized by the lamp cable is connected, and by decoding from the host bus adapter to pass over from the microcontroller to control the display of lights. 基板管理控制器则监控并记录硬盘的状态。 BMC monitor and record the status of the disk. 一主微控制器,电性连接至该些微控制器和该些基板管理控制器。 A main microcontroller, electrically connected to the micro controller and the plurality of BMC.

[0006] 在此一实施例当中,倘若仅存在三个主机板,但仍然要控制M个状态灯,因此每个主机板就必须负责控制额外的状态灯。 [0006] In this embodiment which, if there are only three motherboards, but still to control the M light states, each responsible for controlling the motherboard must additional status lights. 此时主机板可将灯号控制信号通过第二控制信号线传送给主微控制器,而主微控制器则会传送给负责的从微控制器,如此则可控制额外的状态灯。 At this time, the light signal can motherboard control signal to the main microcontroller through the second control signal line, and the main microcontroller will give from the microcontroller, so additional controls may be responsible for transmission of status lights.

[0007] 本发明的另一方面是提供一种计算机系统的硬盘状态显示方法,能够降低制造成本以及电路面积,并可记录硬盘所发生的各种事件,且在现行操作系统之下更新其固件。 [0007] Another aspect of the present invention to provide a computer system's hard disk status display method capable of reducing manufacturing cost and circuit area, a hard disk events occurred can be recorded, and the update of the firmware under the existing operating system .

[0008] 依据本发明另一实施例,计算机系统的硬盘状态显示方法藉以控制复数个状态灯来显示复数个硬盘的状态,此硬盘状态显示方法为:侦测至少一硬盘的状态,并根据侦测结果产生一灯号控制信号;解码灯号控制信号,藉由解码后的该灯号控制信号以点亮或关闭该状态灯以显示硬盘的状态。 [0008] The hard disk status display method according to embodiments, the computer system according to another embodiment of the present invention so as to control the plurality of status lights to display the status of the plurality of the hard disk, the hard disk status display method: detecting the state of at least one hard disk, and according to the investigation a signal-controlled measurement result signal; signalized decoded signal, the light signal by the decoded control signal to light up the lamp on or off state to display the status of the disk.

[0009] 以上实施例的计算机系统以及计算机系统的硬盘状态显示方法,以从微控制器取代复杂可程序逻辑装置来进行硬盘状态的解码,因此能够降低制造成本以及电路面积,并可记录硬盘所发生的各种事件,且在现行操作系统之下更新其固件。 [0009] The state of the computer system hard disk and a computer system according to the above embodiment of the display method, a complex programmable logic device substituents from the microcontroller to decode a state of the hard disk, it is possible to reduce the manufacturing cost and circuit area can be recorded as a hard disk various events and update its firmware under the existing operating system.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0010] 为让本发明的上述和其它目的、特征、优点与实施例能更明显易懂,所附图式的说明如下: [0010] In order to make the aforementioned and other objects, features, advantages and embodiments can be more fully understood by reading the following description of the accompanying drawings:

[0011] 图1为绘示本发明一实施方式的计算机系统方块图。 [0011] FIG. 1 is a schematic block diagram illustrating a computer system according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0012] 图2为绘示本发明另一实施方式的计算机系统方块图。 [0012] FIG. 2 is a schematic illustrating another embodiment of the present invention, a block diagram of a computer system embodiment.

[0013] 图3为绘示本发明一实施方式计算机系统的硬盘状态显示方法流程图。 [0013] FIG. 3 is a schematic illustrating one embodiment of the present invention, the hard state flowchart of a method embodiment of the computer system display.

[0014] 主要附图标记说明 [0014] Main reference numerals DESCRIPTION

[0015] 101 :计算机系统 107-1〜107-¾ :状态灯 [0015] 101: The computer system 107-1~107-¾: status lights

[0016] 109:硬盘背板 [0016] 109: hard disk backplane

[0017] 111-1〜111-4 :从微控制器 [0017] 111-1~111-4: from the microcontroller

[0018] 117-1 〜117-4 :主机板 [0018] 117-1 ~117-4: Motherboards

[0019] 119 :主机总线适配卡 121 :基板管理控制器 [0019] 119: Host Bus Adapter 121: BMC

[0020] 125 :主微控制器 1¾ :第一控制信号线 [0020] 125: main microcontroller 1¾: a first control signal line

[0021] 131:灯号控制线 133:数据信号线 [0021] 131: LED control line 133: data signal lines

[0022] 137 :第二控制信号线 201〜207 :步骤 [0022] 137: second control signal line 201~207 steps of:

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0023] 以下实施例的计算机系统以及计算机系统的硬盘状态显示方法,以从微控制器取代复杂可程序逻辑装置来进行硬盘状态的解码,因此能够降低制造成本以及电路面积,并可记录硬盘所发生的各种事件,且能自行更新其固件。 [0023] The following state of the computer system hard disk and a computer system display to an embodiment of the method, a complex programmable logic device substituents from the microcontroller to decode a state of the hard disk, it is possible to reduce the manufacturing cost and circuit area can be recorded as a hard disk a variety of events, and can update its own firmware.

[0024] 请参照图1,其绘示本发明一实施方式的计算机系统方块图。 [0024] Referring to FIG 1, which illustrates a block diagram of a computer system according to an embodiment of the present invention. 计算机系统101可显示与控制硬盘状态,此计算机系统含有硬盘105(未图标)、状态灯107-1〜107-24、硬盘背板109与主机板117-1〜117-4。 The computer system 101 can display and control the state of the hard disk, the computer system 105 comprising a hard disk (not shown), the status lamp 107-1~107-24, motherboard and hard disk backplane 109 117-1~117-4. 主机板117-1〜117-4设有主机总线适配卡119,可用来侦测数个硬盘的状态,以确认硬盘的动作是否正常。 117-1~117-4 motherboard has a host bus adapter 119, hard disk can be used to detect a number of states, in order to confirm whether the normal operation of the hard disk.

[0025] 硬盘背板109之上设置了数个从微控制器111-1〜111_4,这些从微控制器111-1〜111-4通过数据信号线133电性连接于主机总线适配卡119,以接收并解码主机总线适配卡119传递的消息,此数据信号线133可使用连续通用输入输出(Serial General Purpose Input/Output ;SGP10) I2C(Inter-Integrated Circuit ;I2C)通讯协议。 [0025] The hard disk backplane 109 is provided on a number of 111-1~111_4 from the microcontroller, which the microcontroller 111-1~111-4 from the data signal line 133 is electrically connected to a host bus adapter card 119 to receive and decode a host bus adapter card transfer message 119, the data signal line 133 may use a continuous general purpose input output (Serial General Purpose input / output; SGP10) I2C (Inter-Integrated Circuit; I2C) protocol. 这些从微控制器111-1〜111-4并通过灯号控制线131电连接至状态灯107-1〜1_7_24,以控制状态灯107发出亮光来显示硬盘的状态,状态灯107可以发光二极管来实作。 These connections from the microcontroller and 111-1~111-4 electrically signalized by line 131 to the lamp 107-1~1_7_24 state, to control the state of the lamp 107 emits light to display the status of the disk, status light-emitting diode 107 can be implementation. 举例来说,发光二极管可持续发光或熄灭来表示硬盘是否故障,还可以快速闪铄或是缓慢闪铄来表达此一硬盘是否正在存取数据;可以其它方式的灯号来显示硬盘的插拔状态。 For example, a light emitting diode emitting sustainable or off to indicate whether the hard disk failure can quickly melt flash or flash melt slowly to express this is accessing the hard disk transactions; lights can be displayed in other ways hard plug status.

[0026] 从微控制器111-1〜111-4可以8051单芯片或是其它单芯片来实作,此单芯片经济实惠且面积小于复杂可程序逻辑装置,因此可降低计算机系统101的制造成本与占用面积,此外,单芯片形态的从微控制器111-1〜111-4可以解码多种信号,例如可解码连续通用输入输出Gerial General Purpose Input/Output ;SGPI0)信号与I2C (Inter-Integrated Circuit ;I2C)信号;与仅能解码一种信号的复杂可程序逻辑装置相较,由单芯片实作的从微控制器111-1〜111-4更可适用于各种类型的硬盘控制器103, 增加了电路搭配的弹性。 [0026] from the microcontroller 8051 may 111-1~111-4 single chip or other single-chip implementation, this single chip and a smaller area than affordable complex programmable logic devices, thus reducing the manufacturing cost of the computer system 101 and occupied area, in addition, form a single-chip microcontroller 111-1~111-4 may decode multiple signals from, for example, continuous common input-output decode Gerial General Purpose input / output; SGPI0) signal I2C (Inter-Integrated Circuit; I2C) signal; compared with complex programmable logic device. a signal is decoded only by a single-chip implementation is more applicable to various types of hard disk controller from the microcontroller 111-1~111-4 103, with the circuit increases flexibility.

[0027] 数个主机总线适配卡(Host Bus Adapter ;HBA) 119与数个基板管理控制器(Baseboard Management Controller ;BMC) 121 设置于主机板117-1 〜117-4 上,其中每一主机板117-1〜117-4上分别设置一主机总线适配卡119与一基板管理控制器121。 [0027] The number of host bus adapter (Host Bus Adapter; HBA) 119 with a number of BMC (Baseboard Management Controller; BMC) 121 provided on the motherboard 117-1 ~117-4, wherein each host are provided a host bus adapter 119 and a baseboard management controller 121 of the upper plate 117-1~117-4. 主机总线适配卡119系对硬盘进行存取,并根据硬盘的状态控制状态灯107-1〜107-M。 Host Bus Adapter 119 lines to access the hard disk, and controls the status lights 107-1~107-M according to the state of the hard disk.

[0028] 基板管理控制器121会监控并记录硬盘的状态,并负责监控计算机系统101上的各种状态,例如监测并纪录计算机系统101的温度或是各种传输上的错误,以利监测人员对计算机系统101进行管控与维修,或是作为计算机系统101改良的依据。 [0028] The BMC 121 may monitor and record the state of the hard disk, and is responsible for monitoring the various status of the computer system 101, for example, to monitor and record the temperature of the error on the transmission or a variety of computer system 101, to facilitate monitoring personnel computer system 101 for control and maintenance, the computer system 101 or as a basis for improvement. 基板管理控制器121主要含微控制器及与嵌入基板管理控制器内的固件(Firmware),并可作为软件和硬件的间的接口,以跨越不同的固件和硬件平台工作。 BMC and microcontroller 121 essentially of embedded firmware (Firmware) in the BMC, and as an interface between software and hardware, in firmware, and hardware across different platforms.

[0029] 例如,基板管理控制器121可主动提供计算机系统的软/硬件的系统状态监视、事件日志记录、重启系统控制功能、对事件自动产生警告及自动系统控制(如断电)等功能。 System Status [0029] For example, the active BMC 121 may provide a computer system software / hardware monitoring, event logging, reboot the system control functions, automatically generating a warning event and automatic control system (e.g., power failure) and other functions. 藉由此基板管理控制器121,可以直接更新从微控制器111的固件,增加了更新的便利性。 By this BMC 121, the firmware can be updated directly from the microcontroller 111 increases the convenience of updating.

[0030] 计算机系统101还含有主微控制器125。 [0030] Computer system 101 further comprises main microcontroller 125. 主微控制器125通过第一控制信号线129电性连接于各从微控制器111-1〜111-4,来将数据与指令传递至从微控制器111-1〜 111-4,以控制这些从微控制器111-1〜111-4。 The main microcontroller 125 through a first control signal line 129 is electrically connected to each 111-1~111-4 from the microcontroller, to pass data and instructions from the microcontroller to 111-1~ 111-4 to control these 111-1~111-4 from the microcontroller. 主微控制器125还通过第二控制信号线137 电性连接基板管理控制器121,以便与基板管理控制器121收送数据。 The main microcontroller 125 is also connected to the BMC 121 through 137 is electrically second control signal line 121 to send and receive data and BMC. 当要更新主微控制器125的固件时,则可由基板管理控制器121将固件传送给主微控制器125以更新主微控制器125本身。 When the firmware is updated 125 to main microcontroller may be a baseboard management controller 121 firmware is transferred to the main microcontroller 125 to update the master micro-controller 125 itself. 而在要更新从微控制器111-1〜111-4固件时,基板管理控制器121将固件传送给主微控制器125,再由主微控制器125通过第一控制信号线1¾更新各从微控制器111-1〜111-4的固件。 And when the firmware to be updated from the microcontroller 111-1~111-4 baseboard management controller 121 transmits the firmware to the main microcontroller 125, then a first control signal line 1¾ updated by the main microcontroller 125 through the respective 111-1~111-4 microcontroller firmware. 如此解决习知复杂可程序逻辑装置需外部计算机才能更新固件的问题。 So to solve the problem of conventional complex programmable logic devices require an external computer to update the firmware.

[0031] 请参照图2,其绘示本发明另一实施方式的计算机系统方块图。 [0031] Referring to FIG 2, which illustrates a block diagram of a computer system of another embodiment of the present invention. 有时会因为产品规划,在同样架构下只使用三块主机板117-1〜117-3,此时就会出现主机板117-1〜117-3 通过两个从微控制器111来控制状态灯107-1〜107-¾的情形。 Sometimes because of product planning, the use of only three boards 117-1~117-3 under the same framework, then the motherboard will be controlled from the microcontroller 117-1~117-3 by two status lights 111 107-1~107-¾ of the case. 此时主机板117-1〜 117-3会将点灯的讯号通过第二控制信号线137传送给主微控制器125,而主微控制器125 会依据须要点亮的状态灯107,将讯号传送给负责点亮此该状态灯107的从微控制器111。 At this time, the lighting of the motherboard 117-1~ 117-3 will transmit signals 137 to the main microcontroller 125 through the second control signal line 125 and the main microcontroller will be based on the lighting state of the lamp 107 needs the signal transmission this is responsible for the lighting state of the lamp 107 from the microcontroller 111. 举例来说,当存在有四块主机板117-1〜117-4(图1)、四个从微控制器111-1〜111_4以及状态灯107-1〜107-¾时,其中主机板117-1直接连接至从微控制器111_1,而从微控制器111-1直接连接至状态灯107-1〜107-6 ;因此主机板117-1和从微控制器111-1仅控制状态灯107-1〜107-6。 For example, when there is four motherboard 117-1~117-4 (FIG. 1), and four from the microcontroller status lights 111-1~111_4 107-1~107-¾, wherein the motherboard 117 -1 111_1 directly connected to the microcontroller from the microcontroller 111-1 are connected directly to the lamp 107-1~107-6 state; therefore motherboard 117-1 and 111-1 from the microcontroller controls only the status lights 107-1~107-6. 然而,当只使用三个主机板117-1〜117-3时(图2),硬盘背板109并没有更动,所以从微控制器111-1〜111-4与状态灯107-1〜107-¾的连接方式并 However, when only three motherboards 117-1~117-3 (FIG. 2), a hard disk and the backing plate 109 without modifier, and so from the microcontroller status lights 107-1~ 111-1~111-4 107-¾ connections and

没有改变。 No change.

[0032] 由于只有三个主机板117-1〜117-3要控制M个状态灯107_1〜107-24,因此每个主机板就要负责控制8个状态灯。 [0032] Since only three 117-1~117-3 motherboard to control lights 107_1~107-24 M states, so that each will be responsible for controlling the motherboard eight status lights. 如此,主机板117-1则必须控制状态灯107-1〜107-8, 其中控制状态灯107-1〜107-6的方式与先前相同,不另赘述。 Thus, it must control the motherboard 117-1 107-1~107-8 status lights, status lights controlled 107-1~107-6 wherein the same as the previous, not described herein. 由于主机板107-1与控制状态灯107-7与107-8的从微控制器111-2并没有直接的联机,所以在要控制状态灯107-7 与107-8时,则将灯号控制信号通过第二控制信号线137传送给主微控制器125,而主微控制器125则会传送给负责的从微控制器111-2。 Since the motherboard 107-1 and 107-7 and 107-8 to control the state of light from the microcontroller 111-2 has no direct connection, so to control the status lights 107-7 and 107-8 when, then lights a second control signal line 137 transmits a control signal to the main microcontroller 125, the main microcontroller 125 will send to the person from the microcontroller 111-2. 同理,当主机板117-2要控制状态灯107-14 时,也是将灯号控制信号通过第二控制信号线137传送给主微控制器125,再由主微控制器125传送给负责状态灯107-14的从微控制器111-3,如此则可控制状态灯104-14。 Similarly, when the motherboard 117-2 to 107-14 control the state of light when the light signal is a control signal by the second control signal line 137 is transmitted to the main microcontroller 125, then the main microcontroller 125 transmits status to the responsible 111-3 from the microcontroller, the state of light can be controlled so 107-14 to 104-14 lamp.

[0033] 传统的架构虽然知道硬盘状态,亦可显示其状态,但无法让使用者知道现在发生的事情,必须一块块地查询主机板MB去查是否有纪录什么事情。 [0033] The traditional architecture that knows hard disk status, also displays its status, but does not let the user know what is happening now, a block must check the motherboard MB to check whether there is record anything. 每一主机板都有基板管理控制器记录温度变化、记录发生的错误,故本发明此一实施例可利用第二控制信号线,在硬盘被被插拔时,将信息通过第二控制信号线传送给对应的主机板上的基板管理控制器,利用基板管理控制器的功能,主动地记录硬盘的状态,以便告知使用者。 Each motherboard has a baseboard management controller records the temperature change, a recording error occurs, so the present invention, this embodiment may use a second control signal line, when the hard disk is being plug, the information signal by the second control line BMC transmitted to the corresponding motherboard, by using the function of the BMC, the hard disk recording state actively, to inform the user.

[0034] 请参照图3,其绘示本发明一实施方式计算机系统的硬盘状态显示方法流程图。 [0034] Referring to FIG 3, which illustrates a flowchart of a display method of the state of the hard disk to an embodiment of the computer system embodiment of the present invention. 计算机系统的硬盘状态显示方法系控制多个状态灯来显示多个硬盘的状态,此硬盘状态显示方法为:侦测至少一个硬盘的状态(步骤201),根据侦测结果产生一灯号控制信号(步骤203),然后解码灯号控制信号(步骤20¾,藉由解码后的该灯号控制信号以点亮或关闭该状态灯以显示硬盘的状态(步骤207)。例如,当发现某一硬盘发生故障,则发出灯号控制信号来熄灭相应于该硬盘的状态灯,告诉使用者该硬盘发生故障。 The hard disk of the computer system controlling a plurality of display methods based status lights to indicate the status of the plurality of the hard disk, the hard disk status display method of: detecting the state of at least one hard disk (step 201), generates a control signal according to the detection result of light signal (step 203), then the decoded signal-controlled signal (step 20¾, the light signal by the decoded control signal to light the lamp on or off state to display the status of the hard disk (step 207). For example, when a hard drive found fails, the control signal is issued to extinguish light signal corresponding to the light state disk, telling the user that the hard disk fails.

[0035] 以上实施例的计算机系统以及计算机系统的硬盘状态显示方法,以从微控制器取代复杂可程序逻辑装置来进行硬盘状态的解码,除可增加更新固件的便利性之外,也能适用于不同的产品规划。 State of the computer system hard disk and a computer system embodiment [0035] The above method, a complex programmable logic device substituents from the microcontroller to decode a state of the hard disk, in addition to increase the convenience of updating the firmware, but also can apply for different product planning.

[0036] 虽然本发明已以实施方式揭露如上,然其并非用以限定本发明,任何在本发明所属技术领域的普通技术人员,在不脱离本发明的精神和范围内,当可作各种的更动与润饰, 因此本发明的保护范围当视所附权利要求书所界定者为准。 [0036] While the invention has been described in the present embodiment, they are not intended to limit the present invention, any of ordinary skill in the art the present invention pertains, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, may make various cover modifications and variations, therefore the scope of the invention is best defined by the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (8)

  1. 1. 一种计算机系统,以显示与控制硬盘状态,该计算机系统包含:复数个主机板;复数个状态灯;复数个主机总线适配卡,分别设置于该些主机板之上,该些主机总线适配卡对复数个硬盘进行存取,并根据硬盘的状态控制该些状态灯;复数个基板管理控制器,分别设置于该些主机板上;一硬盘背板;复数个从微控制器,设置于该硬盘背板之上,且分别电性连接至该些主机总线适配卡, 该些从微控制器还电性连接至该些状态灯,并藉由解码自该些主机总线适配卡传递过来的消息,以控制该些状态灯;以及一主微控制器,电性连接至该些微控制器和该些基板管理控制器。 A computer system to display and control the state of the hard disk, the computer system comprising: a plurality of motherboard; a plurality of status lights; a plurality of host bus adapter cards, these are disposed on the main board, the plurality of host a plurality of bus adapter to access the hard disk, and controlling the plurality of light state according to the state of the hard disk; a plurality of baseboard management controller, these are disposed on the motherboard; a hard disk backplane; a plurality of microcontrollers from , disposed on the hard disk backplane, and electrically connected to the plurality of host bus adapter, the plurality of further electrically connected to the microcontroller from the plurality of status lights, and by decoding from the plurality of host bus adapter card with message passing over, in order to control the plurality of status lights; and a main microcontroller, electrically connected to the micro controller and the plurality of BMC.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的计算机系统,还包含一第一控制信号线,电性连接于该些从微控制器与主微控制器之间,来将数据与指令传递至从微控制器,以控制这些从微控制器。 2. The computer system according to claim 1, further comprising a first control signal line is electrically connected to the plurality of master from between the microcontroller and the microcontroller, to pass data and instructions from the microcontroller to to control them from the microcontroller.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的计算机系统,还包含一第一控制信号线,电性连接于该些从微控制器与该主微控制器之间,该主微控制器通过该第一控制信号线更新该些从微控制器的固件。 3. The computer system as recited in claim 1, further comprising a first control signal line is electrically connected to the microcontroller from among the plurality of the main microcontroller, the main microcontroller through the first control updating the plurality of signal lines from the microcontroller firmware.
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的计算机系统,还包含一灯号控制线,电连接于该些从微控制器与该些状态灯之间,以利该些从微控制器控制该些状态灯发出亮光来显示硬盘的状态。 4. The computer system according to claim 1, further comprising a control line light signal, from the plurality of electrically connected between the microcontroller and the plurality of status lights, to facilitate control of the plurality of status lights from the plurality of microcontrollers It gives light to show the status of the hard drive.
  5. 5.如权利要求1所述的计算机系统,还包含复数条数据信号线,电性连接于该主机总线适配卡与该些从微控制器之间,该些从微控制器通过该些数据信号线接收并解码该主机总线适配卡传递的消息。 5. The computer system according to claim 1, further comprising a plurality of data signal lines, is electrically connected to the host bus adapter from among the plurality of the microcontroller from the microcontroller via the plurality of the plurality of data It receives and decodes the signal line to the host bus adapter passing messages.
  6. 6.如权利要求5所述的计算机系统,其中该些数据信号线使用连续通用输入输出或I2C通讯协议。 6. The computer system of claim 5, wherein the plurality of data signal lines or continuous GPIO I2C protocol.
  7. 7. 一种计算机系统的硬盘状态显示方法,藉以控制复数个状态灯来显示复数个硬盘的状态,该硬盘状态显示方法包含:侦测至少一硬盘的状态;根据硬盘的状态侦测结果产生一灯号控制信号;解码该灯号控制信号;以及依据解码后的该灯号控制信号,点亮或关闭该状态灯以显示硬盘的状态。 A hard disk status display method for a computer system, thereby controlling the plurality of status lights to display the status of the plurality of the hard disk, the hard disk status display method comprising: detecting the status of at least one hard disk; generating a detection result according to the state of the hard disk signal-controlled signal; decode the signal-controlled signal; and a light signal according to the decoded control signal, the on or off state of the lamp to display the status of the hard disk.
  8. 8.如权利要求7所述的硬盘状态显示方法,还包含当发现某一硬盘发生故障,则发出该灯号控制信号来熄灭相应于该硬盘的状态灯,告诉使用者该硬盘发生故障。 Disk Status as claimed in claim 7, the display method, comprising further found that when a drive fails, the light signal is issued to the control signal corresponding to the off state light disk, telling the user that the hard disk fails.
CN 201010575649 2010-11-30 2010-11-30 Computer system and hard disk state display method CN102479140A (en)

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