CN102469548A - Access handling method, device and system - Google Patents

Access handling method, device and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102469548A
CN102469548A CN2010105345787A CN201010534578A CN102469548A CN 102469548 A CN102469548 A CN 102469548A CN 2010105345787 A CN2010105345787 A CN 2010105345787A CN 201010534578 A CN201010534578 A CN 201010534578A CN 102469548 A CN102469548 A CN 102469548A
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China
Prior art keywords
terminal
network
reason
plmn
location area
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CN2010105345787A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邓云
戴谦
艾建勋
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中兴通讯股份有限公司
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Priority to CN2010105345787A priority Critical patent/CN102469548A/en
Publication of CN102469548A publication Critical patent/CN102469548A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an access handling method, a device and a system. The method comprises the following steps that: a terminal acquires a signaling which is transmitted from the network side to indicate the access handling; the terminal acquires a reason for the access handling from the signaling; and the terminal transmits the reason to a non-access layer to perform the access handling. Through the method, the device and the system, the robustness of the network can be improved.

Description

Access processing method, Apparatus and system

Technical field

The present invention relates to the communications field, in particular to a kind of access processing method, Apparatus and system.

Background technology

Interpersonal communication (Human to Human abbreviates H2H as), one is meant the people through operation of equipment is communicated, the existing wireless communications technology is based on that the Communication Development of H2H gets up.And the sense stricto definition of machine (Machine toMachine abbreviates M2M as) is the communication of machine to machine, and sensu lato definition is the application and the service of core, networking with the machine terminal intelligent interaction.It is based on the intelligence machine terminal, is the access means with multiple communication mode, is the informatization resolve scheme that the client provides, and is used to satisfy the information system requirement of client to aspects such as monitoring, command scheduling, data acquisition and measurements.

The development of wireless technology is the key factor of M2M market development; M2M has broken through the space-time restriction and the region obstacle of traditional communication mode; Make the enterprise and the public break away from the cable constraint, let the client more effectively control cost, reduce mounting cost and easy to use.In addition; Growing demand is promoting M2M and is constantly advancing; Yet constantly increase with information processing capability and the network bandwidth conflictingly be, the means that information is obtained lag far behind, and M2M has well satisfied this demand of people; Can monitor external environment condition in real time through its people, realize on a large scale, the information gathering of automation.Therefore, M2M can be applied to sector application, domestic. applications, individual's application etc.Sector application is like traffic monitoring, warning system, rescue at sea, automatic vending machine, driving paying etc.Domestic. applications is like automatic data logging, temperature control etc.The individual use as: life detection, far-end diagnosis etc.

The communication object of M2M is a machine, the Human-to-Machine.The communication of data communication between one or more machines definition machine class is (Machine Type Communication abbreviates MTC as), lessly in this case needs human-computer interaction.Participate in the machine of MTC, be defined as MTC equipment (MTC Device below is also referred to as the MTC terminal).The MTC terminal can be passed through PLMN (Public Land Mobile Network, public land mobile communication network network) network and other MTC terminals or MTC server and communicate.

After introducing M2M and using, can carry out some optimizations to existing system, satisfying the M2M application demand, and the domestic consumer's equipment in the existing system not exerted an influence according to its characteristics.Some distinguishing features that M2M uses have: the MTC number of devices is a lot, and each data quantity transmitted is little, and transmission intercal is big, the position relative fixed.Seeing that the MTC amount of equipment is numerous; With common UE be that the H2H amount of equipment is not in an one magnitude; The extensive use of MTC equipment makes network be in overload probably, such as when certain sub-district power outage taking place suddenly, when power up; Numerous MTC equipment possibly attempted access network simultaneously, and this will cause network to be in overload.Introduce the overload that causes in order to tackle MTC equipment; Network side need promote the ability of overload control; Require to possess the ability that new processing is transshipped for core network element in the existing protocol, like Mobility Management Entity (the Mobility Management Entity of Long Term Evolution (Long TermEvolution abbreviates LTE as) system; Abbreviate MME as); The traffic carrying capacity of the access point name (Access point name abbreviates APN as) that need report according to MTC equipment (number, maximum bearer rate etc. are carried in maximum activation) is implemented the overload control based on APN, can send registration reject (Attach Reject), location area updating refusal to MTC equipment.The base station of network side also need possess the ability of implementing different access controls according to the identity (whether being MTC equipment) that accesses terminal; Connect the access that release signaling limits some MTC equipment like the base station through RRC (Radio Resource Control, Radio Resource control) connection refusal (RRC Connection Reject) or RRC.

Subscriber Identity Module (Universal Subscriber Identity Module at the terminal; Abbreviate USIM as) in preserve signatory public land mobile network or home public land mobile network (Home Public Land Mobile Network; Abbreviate HPLMN as), also possibly comprise equivalent home public land mobile network (Equivalent Home PLMN abbreviates EHPLMN as); If the current access network in terminal is not HPLMN, represent that then this terminal is the terminal of roaming; If perhaps current network is neither HPLMN, neither EHPLMN, represent that then this terminal is the terminal of roaming.After introducing MTC equipment; If the signatory public land mobile network in terminal (comprising MTC equipment) breaks down like outage; Then great amount of terminals will attempt inserting other network, and the access of then a large amount of roaming terminals can cause other networks to be in overload, even network interrupts.

Public land mobile network to terminal unit contractual in the correlation technique breaks down; Other networks that a large amount of roaming terminals that cause insert outside the subscription network cause other networks to be in overload; Even the problem of network interruption, effective solution is not proposed at present as yet.

Summary of the invention

Main purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of access processing method, Apparatus and system; Public land mobile network to solve terminal unit contractual in the above-mentioned correlation technique at least breaks down; Other networks that a large amount of roaming terminals that cause insert outside the subscription network cause other networks to be in overload, even the network disruption.

To achieve these goals, according to an aspect of the present invention, a kind of access processing method is provided.

Access processing method according to the present invention comprises: the terminal obtains the indication of sending from network side and inserts the signaling of handling; The terminal obtains from signaling inserts the reason of handling; The terminal sends to Non-Access Stratum with reason and inserts processing.

Further, the terminal comprises: machine class communication equipment and/or person to person's communication equipment.

Further, the signaling of indication access processing comprises: Radio Resource control connection rejection signaling or Radio Resource control connection release signaling.

Further, reason comprises one of following: the terminal that does not allow to roam is inserted, current network does not allow to insert, core net overload, core net overload need location area updating, network reselection to need location area updating, need network reselection.

Further, reason is that the terminal that does not allow to roam is inserted, current network does not allow to insert or during the core net overload, and the terminal sends to Non-Access Stratum with reason and inserts to handle and comprise: wireless resource control connection request is sent in the terminal cancellation; Or the terminal selects other PLMN except that current place public land mobile network PLMN to register again or location area updating.

Further, reason is a core net overload when needing location area updating, and the terminal sends to Non-Access Stratum with reason and inserts to handle and comprise: other lane place except that the district of current position are selected at the terminal, and carry out location area updating in other lane place.

Further; Reason is that network reselection is when needing location area updating or needing network reselection; The terminal sends to Non-Access Stratum with reason, and inserts to handle and comprise: the terminal is selected to remove other PLMN the current PLMN of place, and on other PLMN, registers or location area updating.

Further, said method also comprises: other PLMN except that current place PLMN are selected at interval according to predetermined timer in the terminal; Or other PLMN except that the network of current place are selected according to inserting the minimum interval that obtains network reselection the signaling of handling from indication in the terminal.

To achieve these goals, according to a further aspect in the invention, a kind of terminal is provided.

Terminal according to the present invention comprises: first acquisition module is used to obtain the indication of sending from network side and inserts the signaling of handling; Second acquisition module is used for obtaining the reason that inserts processing from signaling; Processing module is used for that reason is sent to Non-Access Stratum and inserts processing.

Further, reason comprises one of following: the terminal that does not allow to roam is inserted, current network does not allow to insert, core net overload, core net overload need location area updating, network reselection to need location area updating, need network reselection.

Further, processing module comprises: first processing sub is used for being that the terminal that does not allow to roam is inserted, current network does not allow to insert or during the core net overload, the Radio Resource connection request is sent in cancellation in reason; Or the first chooser module, be used for being that the terminal that does not allow to roam is inserted, current network does not allow to insert or during the core net overload, selecting other public land mobile networks PLMN except that the network of current place to register again or location area updating in reason.

Further, processing module comprises: second processing sub, being used in reason is core net overload when needing location area updating, is used to select to remove other lane place in its current position, terminal district, place, and carries out location area updating in other lane place.

Further; Processing module comprises: the 3rd processing sub; Being used in reason is network reselection when needing location area updating or needing network reselection, is used to select other PLMN except that the PLMN at its current place, terminal, place, and on other PLMN, registers or location area updating.

Further, above-mentioned terminal also comprises: first selects module, is used for selecting other PLMN except that the current place PLMN of its terminal, place at interval according to predetermined timer; Or second select module, is used for obtaining the minimum interval of network reselection and selecting to remove other PLMN the current PLMN of place in its terminal, place according to insert the signaling of handling from indication.

To achieve these goals, in accordance with a further aspect of the present invention, a kind of network side is provided.

Network side according to the present invention comprises: sending module is used to send indication and inserts the signaling of handling.

To achieve these goals, in accordance with a further aspect of the present invention, a kind of access treatment system is provided.

Access treatment system according to the present invention comprises: above-mentioned terminal and above-mentioned network side.

Through the present invention; The indication of adopting the terminal to obtain from the network side transmission inserts the signaling of handling, and therefrom obtains and insert the reason of handling, and then this reason is sent to Non-Access Stratum and inserts processing; Solved that the public land mobile network of terminal unit contractual breaks down in the correlation technique; Other networks that cause a large amount of roaming terminals to insert outside the subscription network cause other networks to be in overload, even the problem of network interruption, have improved the robustness of network.

Description of drawings

Accompanying drawing described herein is used to provide further understanding of the present invention, constitutes the application's a part, and illustrative examples of the present invention and explanation thereof are used to explain the present invention, do not constitute improper qualification of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is the flow chart according to the access processing method of the embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 2 is the flow chart one according to the release terminal of the embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 3 is the flow chart according to the refusal terminal of the embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 4 is the flowchart 2 according to the release terminal of the embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 5 is the structured flowchart according to the terminal of the embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 6 is the preferred construction block diagram according to the terminal of the embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 7 is the structured flowchart according to the network side of the embodiment of the invention; And

Fig. 8 is the structured flowchart according to the access treatment system of the embodiment of the invention.

Embodiment

Hereinafter will and combine embodiment to specify the present invention with reference to accompanying drawing.Need to prove that under the situation of not conflicting, embodiment and the characteristic among the embodiment among the application can make up each other.

The application provides a kind of access processing method, and Fig. 1 is the flow chart according to the access processing method of the embodiment of the invention, and is as shown in Figure 1, and this method comprises:

Step S102: the terminal obtains the indication of sending from network side and inserts the signaling of handling.

Step S104: the terminal obtains from signaling inserts the reason of handling.

Step S106: the terminal sends to Non-Access Stratum with reason and inserts processing.

Pass through above-mentioned steps; The terminal obtains from the indication of network side and inserts the signaling of handling, and therefrom obtains and insert the reason of handling, and the Non-Access Stratum (Non-Access Stratum) that then this reason is sent to the terminal inserts processing; Overcome that the public land mobile network of terminal unit contractual breaks down in the correlation technique; Other networks that cause a large amount of roaming terminals to insert outside the subscription network cause other networks to be in overload, even the problem of network interruption, have improved the robustness of network.

Preferably, the terminal comprises: machine class communication equipment (MTC equipment) and/or person to person's communication equipment (H2H equipment).Through the preferred embodiment, the equipment of MTC and H2H is inserted processing controls, improved the control that network side inserts the MTC terminal, guaranteed stability of network.

Preferably, the signaling of indication access processing comprises: Radio Resource control connection rejection signaling or Radio Resource control connection release signaling.Through the preferred embodiment, adopt existing signaling bear to insert the reason of handling, reduce unnecessary signaling consumption, and reduced R&D costs.

Preferably, reason comprises one of following: the terminal that does not allow to roam is inserted, current network does not allow to insert, core net overload, core net overload need location area updating, network reselection to need location area updating, need network reselection.Through the preferred embodiment, under above-mentioned reason, processing is inserted at the terminal, improved and inserted efficient and the accuracy of handling.

Need to prove; After the terminal of roaming receives that RRC that network side sends connects refusal or RRC and connects release signaling, obtains one of following reason: the terminal that does not allow to roam is inserted, current network does not allow to insert, core net is transshipped, the core net overload needs location area updating, network reselection to need location area updating, needs network reselection.

Preferably, be that the terminal that does not allow to roam is inserted, current network does not allow to insert or during the core net overload, a preferred implementation in the face of step S106 describes down in reason.Wireless resource control connection request is sent in the terminal cancellation; Or the terminal selects other PLMN except that current place PLMN to register again or location area updating.Pass through the preferred embodiment; When the terminal does not allow access or core net overload in the terminal access, the current network that do not allow to roam; Take cancellation to send the RRC connection request; Perhaps select other PLMN except that current place PLMN to register again or location area updating, guaranteed the normal operation of current core net.

Preferably, be core net overload when needing location area updating in reason, a preferred implementation in the face of step S106 describes down.Other lane place except that the district of current position are selected at the terminal, and carry out location area updating in other lane place.Through the preferred embodiment, when the terminal needs location area updating in the core net overload, terminal chosen position district, and carry out location area updating in other lane place except that the district of current position, guaranteed that the terminal can normally be inserted when core net is transshipped.

Preferably; In reason is that network reselection is when needing location area updating or needing network reselection; A preferred implementation in the face of step S106 describes down: other public land mobile networks (PLMN) except that current place PLMN are selected at the terminal, and on other PLMN, register or location area updating.Through the preferred embodiment, when the terminal needed location area updating or needs network reselection at network reselection, the terminal selects other PLMN networks to register or the position is upgraded, and had improved the reliability that the terminal is inserted.Need to prove that other PLMN are meant the network of the current access of nonterminal or the network that the current trial of nonterminal inserts.

Through above-mentioned four kinds of preferred implementations; After the terminal obtained the reason of release or refusal, the Access Layer at terminal was reported reason to Non-Access Stratum, and the network that needs to select other; Or select other lane place, or can not initiate the RRC connection request once more in current network.

Preferably, said method also comprises: other PLMN except that current place PLMN are selected at interval according to predetermined timer in the terminal; Or other PLMN except that the network of current place are selected according to inserting the minimum interval that obtains network reselection the signaling of handling from indication in the terminal.Through the preferred embodiment, other PLMN except that the network of current place are selected according to predetermined timer interval or the minimum interval that gets access in the terminal, have guaranteed the reselecting network that the terminal can be not frequent, have improved stability of network.

Need to prove, if the terminal from RRC connect to discharge or rejection signaling obtain the minimum interval of network reselection, the timer that the starting terminal agreement is made an appointment, only behind this timer expiry, the terminal could gravity treatment other network.

If the terminal from RRC connect to discharge or rejection signaling obtain the minimum interval of network reselection, starting terminal should corresponding timer of the time interval, only behind this timer expiry, the terminal could gravity treatment other network.The mode of making an appointment and the mode of signaling can coexist, if signaling is promptly arranged, then adopt the minimum interval of signaling; Otherwise adopt the timer of making an appointment.

Through this preferred embodiment; Network side disposes the minimum interval of release cause and network reselection for it when the RRC connection that discharges roaming terminal; Other network of guiding terminal gravity treatment; Adopt minimum interval to guarantee the reselecting network that the terminal can be not frequent simultaneously, guaranteed the stable of network.

Embodiment one

In the LTE system, dissimilar terminals comprises H2H equipment and MTC equipment access network, and part is in connection status, and part is in idle condition.

Sometime; Because the load of core net increases; Core net is sent the indication that overload is controlled to the base station, after the base station obtains the indication of overload control, selects the enforcement of part terminal to discharge according to the type at terminal, the priority of terminal originating service or the priority at terminal; As can select MTC equipment to discharge or select the terminal of low priority to discharge or select the low terminal of service priority to discharge, so that alleviate the load of network side.In the present embodiment, the characteristic whether base station is roamed according to the terminal is selected the terminal of release.In the usim card at terminal, comprise its signatory HPLMN, also possibly comprise one or more EHPLMN.If current network does not belong to HPLMN; Perhaps neither belong to HPLMN and also do not belong to EHPLMN, show that then this terminal is the terminal of roaming.In the usim card at terminal, possibly there is the PLMN tabulation (Preferred PLMNlist) of preferential access in addition,, shows that also this terminal is the terminal of roaming if the network that the terminal is inserted does not belong to the PLMN tabulation of preferential access.The base station is when discharging the terminal of roaming; Need core net to this terminal of base station indication whether roam or the terminal to the base station report oneself whether roam; The base station discharges the terminal of the roaming that is in connected state then; Fig. 2 is the flow chart one according to the release terminal of the embodiment of the invention, and is as shown in Figure 2, and its release flow comprises:

Step S201, the base station is sent RRC to the terminal of roaming and is connected release signaling.In order to realize the present invention; In this signaling, comprising release cause is that terminal access or the current network that does not allow to roam do not allow access or core net overload or core net overload to need location area updating (Track Area Update Required for CN Overload) or network reselection to need location area updating (Track Area Update Required for PLMN Reselection/Selection; The meaning of this reason is to hope terminal enforcement PLMN gravity treatment, and the enforcing location district upgrades then) or need network reselection.

Step S202, release cause is known after receiving that RRC connects release signaling in the terminal.The rrc layer at terminal is notified its upper strata (being the Non-Access Stratum at terminal) release cause, so that the upper strata at terminal can be known release cause and take corresponding operation:

If the release cause that the terminal receives is that network reselection needs location area updating or needs network reselection, then other PLMN need be selected in the terminal, registers or location area updating at new network;

If the release cause that the terminal receives is that the core net overload needs location area updating; Then other lane place need be selected in the terminal; Enforcing location district new technological process more need to prove that here different lane place possibly connect different core network elements then; When core network element that present position-region connected overload, select other lane place can insert the core network element of nonoverload.

Do not allow to insert if the release cause that the terminal receives is the terminal access or the current network that do not allow to roam, then the RRC connection request can not be initiated once more at this network in the terminal, perhaps need select other network implementation registration or location area updating flow process;

If the release cause that the terminal receives is the core net overload, then the RRC connection request can not be initiated once more at this network in the terminal, perhaps need select other network implementation registration or location area updating flow process.

In the present embodiment, the base station makes the terminal can select other network resident through to the concrete release cause of the terminal of roaming indication, avoids the terminal to insert current network once more and causes signaling consumption and overload.In step S202, taking corresponding operation is rrc layer and Non-Access Stratum to the terminal, selects other lane place if desired, then needs rrc layer to select; Not initiating the RRC connection request, can be that rrc layer is implemented, and also can be that Non-Access Stratum is implemented; Select other network, need rrc layer and Non-Access Stratum common implementing.

Need to prove that present embodiment is described the scene of LTE system, this method is suitable equally for WCDMA WCDMA system, and in the WCDMA system, that send RRC connection release signaling is radio network controller (RNC) (RadioNetwork Controller).

Embodiment two

In the LTE system, the MTC equipment of roaming needs to insert current network because business demand arranged, MTC equipment the PLMN of resident sub-district be PLMN1, the HPLMN in the usim card of MTC equipment is PLMN2.Fig. 3 is the flow chart according to the refusal terminal of the embodiment of the invention, and is as shown in Figure 3, the comprising the steps: of this MTC access network

Step S301, MTC equipment initiate to insert at random, and RRC connection request (RRCConnection Request) is sent in the base station under institute's persistent district, in this request, comprises the sign of setting up reason and terminal.Because this MTC equipment is the terminal of roaming, this MTC equipment also carries the sign of roaming in the RRC connection request, or carries the sign of its signatory HPLMN.

Step S302; After the RRC connection request is received in the base station, implement access control, because the load of current core net is higher; The demand that core net has been controlled to base station indication overload; Require the terminal of base station refusal roaming to insert, so the base station makes and do not allow the decision-making that inserts, send RRC to MTC equipment and connect refusal (RRC Connection Reject) signaling.In this signaling; It is that the terminal that do not allow to roam is inserted or core net overload or core net overload need location area updating (Track Area Update Required for CN Overload) or network reselection to need location area updating (Track Area Update Required for PLMN Reselection/Selection that the base station is provided with Reason For Denial; The meaning of this reason is that the PLMN gravity treatment is implemented at the indication terminal, and the enforcing location district upgrades then).

Step S303, Reason For Denial is known after receiving that RRC connects rejection signaling in the terminal.The rrc layer at terminal is notified its upper strata (being the Non-Access Stratum at terminal) Reason For Denial, so that the upper strata at terminal can be known Reason For Denial and take corresponding operation:

If the Reason For Denial that the terminal receives is that network reselection needs location area updating, then other PLMN need be selected in the terminal, registers or location area updating at new network;

If the Reason For Denial that the terminal receives is that the core net overload needs location area updating, then other lane place need be selected in the terminal, the new technological process more in new enforcing location district, lane place;

Insert if the Reason For Denial that the terminal receives is the terminal that does not allow to roam, then the RRC connection request can not be initiated once more at this network in the terminal, perhaps need select other network implementation registration or location area updating flow process;

If the Reason For Denial that the terminal receives is the core net overload, then the RRC connection request can not be initiated once more at this network in the terminal, perhaps need select other network implementation registration or location area updating flow process.

Simultaneously for fear of the terminal behind the current network access failure; Implement network reselection or network selecting (PLMNReselection/Selection) immediately; Can produce signaling to new network and impact (needing to implement registration), so the make an appointment minimum interval of PLMN Reselection/Selection of agreement.Receive the reason of RRC connection refusal when the terminal after, start the corresponding timer of minimum interval, only when this timer expiry, the terminal could be selected other network implementation registration or location area updating once more.Other network is meant the network of non-current access failure here, can select HPLMN or select the network of other non-HPLMN.

In the present embodiment, the base station connects the accessing terminal to network that refusal is prevented roaming through RRC, makes the terminal can select other network resident, avoids the terminal to insert current network once more and causes signaling consumption and overload.

Preferably; In the present embodiment, the minimum interval of PLMN Reselection/Selection adopts the predefined mode of agreement, also can adopt the mode of system message broadcasting to notify MTC equipment minimum interval; After MTC equipment is received RRC connection rejection signaling (acquisition Reason For Denial); The timer that the minimum interval that the MTC device start obtains from system message is corresponding, only when this timer expiry, other network implementation registration or location area updating could be selected in the terminal.

Need to prove that present embodiment is described the scene of LTE system, this method is suitable equally for WCDMA WCDMA system, and in the WCDMA system, that send RRC connection rejection signaling is radio network controller (RNC) (RadioNetwork Controller).

Embodiment three

In the LTE system, dissimilar terminals comprises H2H equipment and MTC equipment access network, and part is in connection status, and part is in idle condition.

Sometime, because the load of base station increases, the base station needs the release portion terminal, and in the present embodiment, the characteristic whether base station roams (Roaming) according to the terminal is selected the terminal that discharges.The base station is when discharging the terminal of roaming; Need core net to this terminal of base station indication whether roam or the terminal during at access network to the base station report oneself whether roam; The base station discharges the terminal of the roaming that is in connected state then; Fig. 4 is that its dispose procedure comprises the steps: according to the flowchart 2 at the release terminal of the embodiment of the invention

Step S401, the base station is sent RRC to the terminal of roaming and is connected release signaling.In order to realize the present invention; In this signaling, comprising release cause is that terminal access or the network reselection that does not allow to roam needs location area updating (Track Area UpdateRequired for PLMN Reselection/Selection; Or Register Required for PLMNReselection/Selection; The meaning of this reason is to hope terminal enforcement PLMN gravity treatment, and the enforcing location district upgrades or registration then).Simultaneously connect the minimum interval cell that increases network reselection (or selection) in discharging (or abbreviate the time interval as, the present invention does not limit the title at this interval), so that indicating terminal is not wanted frequent reselecting network at RRC.

Step S402, release cause is known after receiving that RRC connects release signaling in the terminal.The rrc layer at terminal is notified its upper strata (being the Non-Access Stratum at terminal) release cause, so that the upper strata at terminal can be known release cause and take corresponding operation.Simultaneously the terminal has obtained the minimum interval of network reselection (or selection), and the terminal need start corresponding timer (duration is a minimum interval), only when this timer expiry, the terminal could gravity treatment other network.Need to prove; The terminal is from the RRC signaling, to obtain minimum interval, and the terminal can start corresponding timer by Access Layer (rrc layer belongs to Access Layer), or the Access Layer at terminal reports minimum interval to its upper strata (Non-Access Stratum); Be responsible for the management work of corresponding timer by the Non-Access Stratum at terminal; As start this timer, and when this timer expiry, could select or gravity treatment by trigger network.

Need to prove that present embodiment is equally applicable to the WCDMA system, and be applicable to that RRC connects the scene of refusal.Network side is selected other network through the reason triggering terminal that discharges to terminal indication, and the frequent selection network for fear of the terminal simultaneously is provided with the minimum interval of network reselection (or selection).

Present embodiment provides a kind of terminal, and Fig. 5 is the structured flowchart according to the terminal of the embodiment of the invention, and is as shown in Figure 5, and this terminal comprises: first acquisition module 52, second acquisition module 54, processing module 56 are elaborated in the face of said structure down.

First acquisition module 52 is used to obtain the indication of sending from network side and inserts the signaling of handling; Second acquisition module 54 is connected to first acquisition module 52, is used for obtaining the reason that inserts processing from the signaling that first acquisition module 52 obtains; Processing module 56 is connected to second acquisition module 54, is used for second acquisition module 54, and the reason of obtaining sends to Non-Access Stratum and inserts processing.

Preferably, reason comprises one of following: the terminal that does not allow to roam is inserted, current network does not allow to insert, core net overload, core net overload need location area updating, network reselection to need location area updating, need network reselection.

Fig. 6 is the preferred construction block diagram according to the terminal of the embodiment of the invention, and is as shown in Figure 6, and this terminal also comprises: first selects module 62 and second to select module 64; Processing module 56 comprises: first processing sub 562, second processing sub 566, the 3rd processing sub 568 are elaborated in the face of said structure down.

Processing module 56 comprises: first processing sub 562 is used for being that the terminal that does not allow to roam is inserted, current network does not allow to insert or during the core net overload, wireless resource control connection request is sent in cancellation in reason; Or the first chooser module 564, be used for being that the terminal that does not allow to roam is inserted, current network does not allow to insert or during the core net overload, selecting other PLMN except that the network of current place to register again or location area updating in reason.

Processing module 56 comprises: second processing sub 566, being used in reason is core net overload when needing location area updating, is used to select to remove other lane place in its current position, terminal district, place, and carries out location area updating in other lane place.

Processing module 56 comprises: the 3rd processing sub 568; Being used in reason is that network reselection is when needing location area updating or needing network reselection; Be used to select other PLMN except that the PLMN at its current place, terminal, place, and on other PLMN, register or location area updating.

The terminal also comprises: first selects module 62, is used for selecting other PLMN except that the current place PLMN of its terminal, place at interval according to predetermined timer; Or second select module 64, is used for obtaining the minimum interval of network reselection and selecting to remove other PLMN the current PLMN of place in its terminal, place according to insert the signaling of handling from indication.

This enforcement provides a kind of network side, and Fig. 7 is the structured flowchart according to the network side of the embodiment of the invention, and is as shown in Figure 7, and network side comprises:

Sending module 72 is used to send indication and inserts the signaling of handling.

This enforcement provides a kind of access treatment system, and Fig. 8 is the structured flowchart according to the access treatment system of the embodiment of the invention, and is as shown in Figure 8; This system comprises: terminal 2 and network side 4; The structure at terminal 2 is shown in Fig. 5 or 6, and the structure of network side 4 is as shown in Figure 7, repeats no more at this.

Through above-mentioned preferred embodiment; A kind of access processing method, terminal and system are provided; The indication of obtaining from network side through the terminal inserts the signaling of handling, and therefrom obtains and insert the reason of handling, and then this reason is sent to Non-Access Stratum and inserts processing; Solved that the public land mobile network of terminal unit contractual breaks down in the correlation technique; Other networks that cause a large amount of roaming terminals to insert outside the subscription network cause other networks to be in overload, even the problem of network interruption, have improved the robustness of network.

Obviously, it is apparent to those skilled in the art that above-mentioned each module of the present invention or each step can realize with the general calculation device; They can concentrate on the single calculation element; Perhaps be distributed on the network that a plurality of calculation element forms, alternatively, they can be realized with the executable program code of calculation element; Thereby; Can they be stored in the storage device and carry out, and in some cases, can carry out step shown or that describe with the order that is different from here by calculation element; Perhaps they are made into each integrated circuit modules respectively, perhaps a plurality of modules in them or step are made into the single integrated circuit module and realize.Like this, the present invention is not restricted to any specific hardware and software combination.

The above is merely the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not limited to the present invention, and for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various changes and variation.All within spirit of the present invention and principle, any modification of being done, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (16)

1. an access processing method is characterized in that, comprising:
The terminal obtains the indication of sending from network side and inserts the signaling of handling;
Said terminal obtains from said signaling inserts the reason of handling;
Said terminal sends to Non-Access Stratum with said reason and inserts processing.
2. method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said terminal comprises: machine class communication equipment and/or person to person's communication equipment.
3. method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said indication inserts the signaling of handling and comprises: Radio Resource control connection rejection signaling or Radio Resource control connection release signaling.
4. method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, it is one of following that said reason comprises:
The terminal access, the current network that do not allow to roam do not allow access, core net overload, core net overload to need location area updating, network reselection to need location area updating, need network reselection.
5. method according to claim 4; It is characterized in that; Said reason is that the said terminal that does not allow to roam is inserted, said current network does not allow to insert or during said core net overload, and said terminal sends to Non-Access Stratum with said reason and inserts to handle and comprise:
Wireless resource control connection request is sent in the cancellation of said terminal; Or
Said terminal selects other PLMN except that current place public land mobile network PLMN to register again or location area updating.
6. method according to claim 4 is characterized in that, said reason is a said core net overload when needing location area updating, and said terminal sends to Non-Access Stratum with said reason and inserts to handle and comprise:
Other lane place except that the district of current position are selected at said terminal, and carry out location area updating in said other lane place.
7. method according to claim 4 is characterized in that, said reason is that said network reselection needs location area updating or said when needing network reselection, and said terminal sends to Non-Access Stratum with said reason, and inserts to handle and comprise:
Other PLMN except that current place PLMN are selected at said terminal, and on said other PLMN, register or location area updating.
8. according to claim 1,5 or 7 described methods, it is characterized in that, also comprise:
Said other PLMN except that current place PLMN are selected at interval according to predetermined timer in said terminal; Or
Said other PLMN except that the network of current place are selected according to inserting the minimum interval that obtains network reselection the signaling of handling from said indication in said terminal.
9. a terminal is characterized in that, comprising:
First acquisition module is used to obtain the indication of sending from network side and inserts the signaling of handling;
Second acquisition module is used for obtaining the reason that inserts processing from said signaling;
Processing module is used for that said reason is sent to Non-Access Stratum and inserts processing.
10. terminal according to claim 9 is characterized in that, it is one of following that said reason comprises:
The terminal access, the current network that do not allow to roam do not allow access, core net overload, core net overload to need location area updating, network reselection to need location area updating, need network reselection.
11. terminal according to claim 10 is characterized in that, said processing module comprises:
First processing sub is used for being that the said terminal that does not allow to roam is inserted, said current network does not allow to insert or during said core net overload, the Radio Resource connection request is sent in cancellation in said reason; Or
The first chooser module; Be used for being that the said terminal that does not allow to roam is inserted, said current network does not allow to insert or during said core net overload, selecting other public land mobile networks PLMN except that the network of current place to register again or location area updating in said reason.
12. terminal according to claim 10 is characterized in that, said processing module comprises:
Second processing sub, being used in said reason is said core net overload when needing location area updating, is used to select to remove other lane place in its current position, terminal district, place, and carries out location area updating in said other lane place.
13. terminal according to claim 10 is characterized in that, said processing module comprises:
The 3rd processing sub; Being used in said reason is that said network reselection needs location area updating or said when needing network reselection; Be used to select other PLMN except that the PLMN at its current place, terminal, place, and on said other PLMN, register or location area updating.
14. according to claim 11 or 13 described terminals, it is characterized in that, also comprise:
First selects module, is used for selecting said other PLMN except that the current place PLMN of its terminal, place at interval according to predetermined timer; Or
Second selects module, is used for selecting said other PLMN except that the current place PLMN of its terminal, place according to the minimum interval that obtains network reselection from the signaling of said indication access processing.
15. a network side is characterized in that, comprising:
Sending module is used to send indication and inserts the signaling of handling.
16. one kind is inserted treatment system, it is characterized in that, comprising:
Like each described terminal in the claim 9 to 13 and the described network side of claim 15.
CN2010105345787A 2010-11-05 2010-11-05 Access handling method, device and system CN102469548A (en)

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