CN102424644B - Expanded ammonium nitrate and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Expanded ammonium nitrate and preparation method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102424644B
CN102424644B CN 201110267331 CN201110267331A CN102424644B CN 102424644 B CN102424644 B CN 102424644B CN 201110267331 CN201110267331 CN 201110267331 CN 201110267331 A CN201110267331 A CN 201110267331A CN 102424644 B CN102424644 B CN 102424644B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
ammonium nitrate
preparation
expanded
machine oil
explosive
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN 201110267331
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102424644A (en
Inventor
钟传生
吴我长
朱广杰
刘银
徐敬华
兰军
罗培炜
谢仁英
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qinghai Haixi Dongnuo Chemical Co. Ltd.
Original Assignee
FUJIAN MINBAO CHEMICAL Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by FUJIAN MINBAO CHEMICAL Co Ltd filed Critical FUJIAN MINBAO CHEMICAL Co Ltd
Priority to CN 201110267331 priority Critical patent/CN102424644B/en
Publication of CN102424644A publication Critical patent/CN102424644A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102424644B publication Critical patent/CN102424644B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to an intermediate product for explosive manufacturing and a preparation method thereof, and concretely relates to expanded ammonium nitrate and a preparation method thereof. The invention aims to solve problems that the charging density of explosives produced with traditional technologies is small, the explosion speed is not high, and the amount of toxic gases generated by explosion is large. The expanded ammonium nitrate mainly comprises, by weight, 99.0-99.5% of ammonium nitrate, 0.1-0.5% of sodium nitrate, 0.1-0.5% of machine oil and 0.15-0.2% of an expanding agent. In the production process, a certain amount of sodium nitrate and a certain amount of the machine oil are added in a water phase preparation, so the expanded ammonium nitrate has the advantages of small granularity, easy fragmentation and large density, and the surface activity of the expanding agent is improved. The expanded ammonium nitrate explosive produced in the invention has the characteristics of large charging density, high explosion speed, and small amount of the toxic gases produced in explosion.

Description

A kind of expanded ammonium nitrate and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of intermediates of making explosive and preparation method thereof, specifically, the present invention relates to a kind of expanded ammonium nitrate and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Expanded ammonium nitrate is the chief component composition of bulking ammonium nitrate explosive, and the first operation of making bulking ammonium nitrate explosive produces expanded ammonium nitrate exactly.The main component of existing bulking ammonium nitrate explosive comprises expanded ammonium nitrate, composite oil phase, wood powder and flame-cooling agent, its preparation technology mainly is divided into two kinds: a kind of is water oil phase mixture puffing Technology: ammonium nitrate, the swelling agent aqueous solution and composite oil phase carry out expanded crystallization jointly, formation contains the expanded ammonium nitrate of compound oil phase material, then the bulking ammonium nitrate explosive of making after adding a certain proportion of wood powder or flame-cooling agent to mix; Another is single ammonium nitrate aqueous phase solution bulking process: ammonium nitrate, the swelling agent aqueous solution carry out expanded formation expanded ammonium nitrate, then the bulking ammonium nitrate explosive of making after adding a certain proportion of composite oil phase, wood powder or flame-cooling agent to mix.The former is the novel technique of making bulking ammonium nitrate explosive, and the toxic and harmful amount that the explosion velocity of product is high, explosion produces is little, but charge density is little; The latter is traditional Technology, and charge density is little, and the toxic and harmful amount that the product explosion velocity is not high, explosion produces is large.Because the character of composite oil phase and wood powder is more stable, the major cause that causes the explosive product performance difference is the difference of expanded ammonium nitrate quality.Still adopt traditional processing technology more in production application, if major cause is to adopt new technology to need vacuum crystallization machine and spiral mixing machine are undergone technological transformation, change many new equipment, need to drop into substantial contribution.
Therefore on traditional preparation technology's basis, seek a kind of method of improving the physico-chemical property of expanded ammonium nitrate, make the performance of explosive product can draw the advantage of above-mentioned two kinds of Technologies, can improve the stable higher explosion velocity of charge density, maintenance of product, can reduce toxic and harmful content again, tool is of great significance.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is on the basis of making the bulking ammonium nitrate explosive traditional technology, by improving the physico-chemical property of expanded ammonium nitrate, a kind of expanded ammonium nitrate and preparation method thereof is provided, thereby improves the charge density of bulking ammonium nitrate explosive, keep stable higher explosion velocity, reduce toxic gas content.
For achieving the above object, expanded ammonium nitrate of the present invention, its main component comprises ammonium nitrate, swelling agent, also include simultaneously SODIUMNITRATE, machine oil, the mass percent that each composition divides is: ammonium nitrate 99.0%~99.5%, SODIUMNITRATE 0.1%~0.5%, machine oil 0.1%~0.5%, swelling agent 0.15%~0.2%.
The preparation method of expanded ammonium nitrate of the present invention is: get a certain amount of water, ammonium nitrate is dissolved in water, add SODIUMNITRATE, swelling agent and machine oil when being heated to 100 ℃, the mass percent of ammonium nitrate, SODIUMNITRATE, swelling agent, machine oil is: ammonium nitrate 99.0%~99.5%, SODIUMNITRATE 0.1%~0.5%, machine oil 0.1%~0.5%, swelling agent 0.15%~0.2%, treat all material dissolve completes, when the liquid material temperature reaches 125 ℃~135 ℃, in solution input crystallizer, carry out expanded crystallization, the crystallizer vacuum keep-more than 0.090MPa.
Compare with traditional technology, when preparing, water adds a certain amount of SODIUMNITRATE and machine oil, SODIUMNITRATE can form molten thing altogether with ammonium nitrate solution, can change the crystalline form of ammonium nitrate in Crystallization Process, be conducive to form more small-crystalline, favourable to improving explosive density, it is rich in oxygen simultaneously, can regulate the oxygen balance of explosive; Because oil stability is good, can not only improve the surface-active vigor of swelling agent, and part machine oil molecule infiltration in ammonium nitrate crystal, effectively improves the combination of oxygenant and combustible agent when crystallization, be conducive to reacting completely of explosive, reduce the content of toxic and harmful.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: add a certain amount of SODIUMNITRATE and machine oil during the water preparation, the expanded ammonium nitrate that aqueous phase solution after dissolving is formed after expanded crystallization has that granularity is little, easy fragmentation, characteristics that density is large, with make the bulking ammonium nitrate explosive finished product after composite oil phase, wood powder or flame-cooling agent mix, the product that the product produced is produced apparently higher than conventional process techniques on performance, improved explosive density, stablized explosion velocity, reduced the content of toxic and harmful, the cartridge density after powder charge simultaneously is also larger than novel technique.
Embodiment
Produce secondary Permitted Detonator for Coal Mining bulking ammonium nitrate explosive, its main component comprises ammonium nitrate, SODIUMNITRATE, machine oil, swelling agent, composite oil phase, wood powder and sodium-chlor.First operation in traditional technology, when namely producing expanded ammonium nitrate, add a certain amount of SODIUMNITRATE and machine oil, the ratio of various components is as follows: ammonium nitrate 99.0%~99.5%, SODIUMNITRATE 0.1%~0.5%, machine oil 0.1%~0.5%, swelling agent 0.15%~0.2%.
Specific embodiment is as follows: add a certain amount of water in the aqueous phase dissolved tank, be delivered to the dissolving of water tank through metering, ammonium nitrate after fragmentation by worm conveyor, until ammonium nitrate progressively dissolve, temperature adds SODIUMNITRATE, swelling agent and machine oil when rising to 100 ℃.The quality of the addition of ammonium nitrate, swelling agent, SODIUMNITRATE, machine oil and water take every tank as benchmark added than being ammonium nitrate 1500: swelling agent 3: SODIUMNITRATE 2: machine oil 2: water 120, treat that in tank, material dissolution is complete, when the liquid material temperature reaches 125 ℃~135 ℃, in solution input crystallizer, carry out expanded crystallization, the crystallization vacuum keep-more than 0.090MPa.
It is identical with traditional technology that spiral mixes medicine, sieve, the medicine of a cold nature and powder charge packing.
Through national inspection centers, the present invention is added the secondary Permitted Detonator for Coal Mining bulking ammonium nitrate explosive of quantitative SODIUMNITRATE and machine oil production and the explosive of traditional technology production and compare detection in the aqueous phase dissolved operation, result is as follows:
Table 1 secondary Permitted Detonator for Coal Mining bulking ammonium nitrate explosive detects the contrast table look-up
? Explosion velocity (m ∕ s) Toxic gas content (L ∕ kg)
Technique of the present invention 3300 45
Traditional technology 3200 75

Claims (1)

1. the preparation method of an expanded ammonium nitrate is characterized in that said method comprising the steps of:
Get a certain amount of water, ammonium nitrate is dissolved in water, add SODIUMNITRATE, swelling agent and machine oil when being heated to 100 ℃, the mass percent of ammonium nitrate, SODIUMNITRATE, swelling agent, machine oil is: ammonium nitrate 99.0%~99.5%, SODIUMNITRATE 0.1%~0.5%, machine oil 0.1%~0.5%, swelling agent 0.15%~0.2%, treat all material dissolve completes, when the liquid material temperature reaches 125 ℃~135 ℃, in solution input crystallizer, carry out expanded crystallization, the crystallizer vacuum keep-more than 0.090MPa.
CN 201110267331 2011-09-09 2011-09-09 Expanded ammonium nitrate and preparation method thereof Active CN102424644B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110267331 CN102424644B (en) 2011-09-09 2011-09-09 Expanded ammonium nitrate and preparation method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110267331 CN102424644B (en) 2011-09-09 2011-09-09 Expanded ammonium nitrate and preparation method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102424644A CN102424644A (en) 2012-04-25
CN102424644B true CN102424644B (en) 2013-11-06

Family

ID=45958682

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201110267331 Active CN102424644B (en) 2011-09-09 2011-09-09 Expanded ammonium nitrate and preparation method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102424644B (en)

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102503744A (en) * 2011-10-20 2012-06-20 福建省民爆化工股份有限公司 Method for improving density and properties of continuously-expanded ammonium nitrate explosive
CN102850150B (en) * 2012-09-11 2015-09-02 陈靖宇 The powder porous ammonium nitrate explosive of ternary component and manufacture method thereof and using method
CN106554241A (en) * 2016-08-03 2017-04-05 湖北凯龙化工集团股份有限公司 High density bulking ammonium oil explosive-source explosive post production line and production method
CN106748596B (en) * 2016-12-21 2019-03-19 四川雅化实业集团股份有限公司 A kind of viscous explosive and preparation method thereof of no single chmical compound explosive

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101152992A (en) * 2006-09-29 2008-04-02 鞍钢集团矿业公司 Emulsifying blasting agent produced on blasting agent mixing vehicle
CN102093147A (en) * 2010-12-14 2011-06-15 高要市南虹化工有限公司 Modified expanded ammonium nitrate explosive and preparation method thereof

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0238210A3 (en) * 1986-03-14 1989-05-24 Imperial Chemical Industries Plc Solid explosive composition
US6955731B2 (en) * 2003-01-28 2005-10-18 Waldock Kevin H Explosive composition, method of making an explosive composition, and method of using an explosive composition
CN101429081B (en) * 2008-11-27 2011-06-29 广东省力拓民爆器材厂 Process for producing novel puffing nitramon

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101152992A (en) * 2006-09-29 2008-04-02 鞍钢集团矿业公司 Emulsifying blasting agent produced on blasting agent mixing vehicle
CN102093147A (en) * 2010-12-14 2011-06-15 高要市南虹化工有限公司 Modified expanded ammonium nitrate explosive and preparation method thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102424644A (en) 2012-04-25

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103626615B (en) The gluey emulsification civil explosive of a kind of MY type and production technique thereof
CN102424644B (en) Expanded ammonium nitrate and preparation method thereof
CN101475424B (en) High power emulsified explosive
CN103724143B (en) A kind of Rock powdery civil emulsion explosive and production technique thereof
CN102093147B (en) Modified expanded ammonium nitrate explosive and preparation method thereof
CN104761419A (en) Explosive compound ammonium nitrate fuel oil mixture and preparation method thereof
CN102675005A (en) Emulsion explosive used in deep water blasting and preparation method thereof
CN102731230A (en) Catalytic slurry oil type emulsion explosive
CN103058800A (en) Explosive cladding explosive and preparation method and applications thereof
CN104262067B (en) The heat-sensitized method preparing emulsion explosive
CN105753614A (en) Gel-type emulsified explosive and preparation method thereof
CN103058801B (en) Modified ammonium nitrate-fuel oil explosive for explosive welding and preparation method of modified ammonium nitrate-fuel oil explosive
CN104892333A (en) High temperature sensitization method for preparing coal mine emulsion explosive
CN101898923A (en) Industrial waste oil expanded explosive and production method thereof
CN101503333A (en) Low density modified ammonium nitrate fuel explosive
CN100357233C (en) High-strength emulsified explosive and production process thereof
CN102249826A (en) Heavy ammonium nitrate-fuel oil explosive with detonator sensitivity and preparation method thereof
CN205856344U (en) High density bulking ammonium oil explosive-source explosive post production line
CN113416112A (en) Preparation method of high-temperature rapid chemical sensitization emulsion explosive with high storage stability
CN103242115B (en) Water gel and ammonium nitrate fuel oil explosive and production method thereof
CN101967074B (en) Eexplosive preparation method
CN102731232B (en) TNT high-explosion-speed shock-source explosive column
CN102850150B (en) The powder porous ammonium nitrate explosive of ternary component and manufacture method thereof and using method
CN107793281B (en) Explosive special for explosive welding and manufacturing method thereof
CN106554241A (en) High density bulking ammonium oil explosive-source explosive post production line and production method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20170630

Address after: 817000 in Qinghai province to the No. 8 Qilian Road

Patentee after: Qinghai Haixi Dongnuo Chemical Co. Ltd.

Address before: 364000 South Road, Xinluo, Fujian, No. 91 South Road, No. 38, No.

Patentee before: Fujian Minbao Chemical Co., Ltd.