CN102400835B - 风雨水能发电装置 - Google Patents

风雨水能发电装置 Download PDF

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CN102400835B
CN102400835B CN2010102757179A CN201010275717A CN102400835B CN 102400835 B CN102400835 B CN 102400835B CN 2010102757179 A CN2010102757179 A CN 2010102757179A CN 201010275717 A CN201010275717 A CN 201010275717A CN 102400835 B CN102400835 B CN 102400835B
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energy
water
wind
generator
blade
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CN102400835A (zh
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刘旭东
刘庚
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刘旭东
刘庚
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/008Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations the wind motor being combined with water energy converters, e.g. a water turbine
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B1/00Engines of impulse type, i.e. turbines with jets of high-velocity liquid impinging on blades or like rotors, e.g. Pelton wheels; Parts or details peculiar thereto
    • F03B1/02Buckets; Bucket-carrying rotors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • F03B13/06Stations or aggregates of water-storage type, e.g. comprising a turbine and a pump
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B7/00Water wheels
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D1/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D1/06Rotors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2210/00Working fluid
    • F05B2210/18Air and water being simultaneously used as working fluid
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/30Wind power
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/70Hybrid systems, e.g. uninterruptible or back-up power supplies integrating renewable energies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/16Mechanical energy storage, e.g. flywheels or pressurised fluids

Abstract

本发明涉及一种风雨水能发电装置。包括发电机、风叶轮、支柱,风叶轮安装在发电机轴上,所述的风叶轮的叶片端部设置有盛水抽屉;综合利用风雨水能自然能源带动发电机发电,将风雨水能转化为机械能,机械能转化为电能,实现动力互补,不需外界能源,安装在建筑物顶上,由蓄电池储能,可供应建筑物用电,节能减排;安装在农村、山地可避免占用大量良田和土地,在水能资源匮乏条件下利用雨水发电,雨水储存可循环利用,为发电领域提供一种新能源,有利于缓解天然气、液化气、电力供应紧张和太阳能、风能、水能利用率不高的局面,无噪音,无污染,绿色环保;结构简单,安装方便,不受地区、地貌限制,使用范围广泛,可替代现有火力发电、水力发电、风力发电、太阳能电能,节约大量能源。

Description

风雨水能发电装置
技术领域
[0001 ] 本发明属于发电装置领域,涉及一种风雨水能发电装置。
背景技术
[0002] 目前,世界性的能源日益短缺,不可再生能源天天减少,地球表面创伤严重,危害越来越多,已经在一定程度上影响和制约了人类社会经济的可持续发展,因此,开发利用太阳能、风能、雨能、水能等可再生能源,已经成为世界各国解决矿物能源危机,减轻大气环境污染的重要途径。在我国,太阳能、风能、雨能、水能的利用率并不高,除人们的意识不够,主要原因是缺乏成熟有效的高科技产品。
[0003] 由于我国水能资源的日益匮乏已成为了一个严峻的现实,有些地区对水能的开发利用已基本殆尽,这在很大程度上也限制和影响了太阳能、风能、雨能、和水能的综合开发和利用。
发明内容
[0004] 本发明的目的在于提供一种风雨水能发电装置,将自然能源太阳能、风能和雨水能联合开发,综合利用可再生能源,将风雨水能转化为机械能,机械能转化为电能,实现动力互补,节能减排。
[0005] 本发明采用的技术方案:一种风雨水能发电装置,包括发电机、风叶轮、支柱,风叶轮安装在发电机轴上,所述的风叶轮的叶片端部设置有盛水抽屉。
[0006] 所述的盛水抽屉上设置有齿牙,盛水抽屉下部设置有引水槽,引水槽的接水端与风叶轮的叶片在同一平面。
[0007] 所述的支柱顶部设置有球型转轴,转轴上设置有与之配套的带球型槽的弹簧钢杠杆,杠杆一端通过球型定向活动关节联接回水桶,另一端通过球型定向活动关节联接储水桶,两水桶与风叶轮的叶片在同一平面。
[0008] 所述的储水桶下面设置有回水槽,储水桶内底面设置有封水板,封水板底面联接出水顶杆,出水顶杆连通回水槽,回水槽内的水流入回水桶。
[0009] 所述的风叶轮的叶片为玻璃钢真空凹槽型。
[0010] 所述的盛水抽屉为可拆装折叠式。
[0011] 所述的发电机、风叶轮安装在立柱顶部。
[0012] 所述的发电机联接传动装置,液压装置或电控装置,或联接电网接入口。
[0013] 本发明所具有的积极有益效果:
[0014] 1.将太阳能、风能和雨水能有机地联合开发利用,解决了单一太阳能或风能开发利用的实效性问题,综合利用风雨水能自然能源带动发电机发电,将风雨水能转化为机械能,机械能转化为电能,实现动力互补,不需外界能源,有效利用可再生能源,为发电领域提供一种取之不尽用之不完的新能源。
[0015] 2.安装在建筑物顶上,采用风雨水能发电,由大型蓄电池储能,可供应大楼所需的用电,大大降低风力发电独立开发成本,节能减排。
[0016] 3.安装在城镇屋顶进行工程建设,可避免占用大量良田和土地,减少了工程开挖回填工程量,可较好的利用山区城镇充足的太阳能、风能资源和雨水资源,实现在水能资源匮乏条件下利用雨水发电。
[0017] 4.雨水储存可循环利用,有效利用自然能源,不浪费雨水资源。
[0018] 5.有利于缓解天然气、液化气、电力供应紧张和太阳能、风能、雨能、水能利用率不高的局面,无噪音,无污染,实现绿色环保,低碳生活。
[0019] 6.结构简单,零部件少,制造成本低,安装方便,不受地区、地貌限制,使用范围广泛,可替代现有火力发电、水力发电、风力发电、太阳能电能,节约大量能源。
附图说明
[0020] 图1为本发明结构示意图;
[0021] 图2为本发明的风叶轮结构放大示意图;
[0022] 图3为图1中风叶轮结构的左视图;
[0023] 图4为图1中风叶轮结构的主视图。
具体实施方式
[0024] 参照图1、图2、图3、图4所示,一种风雨水能发电装置,主要包括回水桶1、球型定向活动关节2、盛水抽屉3、杠杆4、转轴5、支柱6、回水槽7、发电机8、风叶轮9、引水槽10、立柱11、储水桶12、封水板13、出水顶杆14等;其立柱11选用玻璃钢纤维树脂材料制作,立柱11顶部安装有发电机8,发电机8的输入轴上安装有风叶轮9,风叶轮9上的叶片为玻璃钢真空材质,每一叶片为凹槽型,叶片的端部设置有盛水抽屉3,盛水抽屉3为聚氯乙烯材质,内壁带有齿牙,齿牙有利于盛水抽屉3装嵌到叶片上的牢固性,盛水抽屉3可以拆装及折叠,盛水抽屉3下部设置有聚氯乙烯材质的凹型引水槽10,引水槽10的接水端与风叶轮9的叶片在同一平面。
[0025] 其弹簧钢支柱6顶部安装有球型转轴5,转轴5上安装有与之配套的带球型槽的弹簧钢杠杆4,杠杆4的一端通过球型定向活动关节2固联不锈钢双层回水桶1,另一端通过球型定向活动关节2固联不锈钢双层储水桶12,而且两只水桶与风叶轮9的叶片在同一平面,使回水桶1、储水桶12只能沿着杠杆4的上下运动作上下垂直定向活动而不能随意转动,才能保证回水桶I上升时其内的雨水倾倒在盛水抽屉3及凹槽型的真空叶片内;储水桶12下面设置有回水槽7,储水桶12内底面设置有封水板13,封水板13底面联接空心出水顶杆14,空心出水顶杆14可选用钢管制作,空心出水顶杆14连通回水槽7,回水槽7内的水可流入回水桶I。
[0026] 所述的发电机8、球型定向活动关节2、球型转轴5均为现有技术,可外购成品。
[0027] 所述的风叶轮9规格系列化,可与各种类型的发电机8配套,发电机8可配套联接传动装置,液压装置,电控装置,以及与电网相连的接入口等,可将发电机8产生的电能、数据通过电缆、光缆传输到控制室及变电站设备,再送入电网,通过互联网可在室内遥控操作。
[0028] 本发明的工作原理:下雨时,雨水进入到凹槽型叶片及盛水抽屉3,在自然界太阳能、风能和雨水能的作用下,冲击风叶轮9转动,风叶轮9旋转带动发电机8发电,将风雨水能转化为机械能,机械能转化为电能,同时抽屉3内的雨水在凹槽型叶片旋转下行时,经凹型回水槽10进入储水桶12,储水桶12盛水后在重力下落下;打开储存雨水后的储水桶12内的封水板13,其内的雨水经出水顶杆14、水槽7流入空的小水桶1,由于储水桶12重力大于小水桶I重力,使杠杆4沿转轴5支点转动且一端上升,带动小水桶I上升至高点,将雨水翻倒在盛水抽屉3内,使雨水循环再利用,如上所述利用风雨水能循环发电。

Claims (5)

1.一种风雨水能发电装置,包括发电机、风叶轮、支柱,风叶轮安装在发电机轴上,其特征在于所述的风叶轮(9)的叶片端部设置有盛水抽屉(3);所述的盛水抽屉(3)上设置有齿牙,盛水抽屉(3)下部设置有引水槽(10),引水槽(10)的接水端与风叶轮(9)的叶片在同一平面;所述的支柱(6)顶部设置有球型转轴(5),转轴(5)上设置有与之配套的带球型槽的弹簧钢杠杆(4),杠杆(4)一端通过球型定向活动关节(2)联接回水桶(1),另一端通过球型定向活动关节(2)联接储水桶(12),两水桶与风叶轮(9)的叶片在同一平面;所述的储水桶(12)下面设置有回水槽(7),储水桶(12)内底面设置有封水板(13),封水板(13)底面联接出水顶杆(14),出水顶杆(14)连通回水槽(7),回水槽(7)内的水流入回水桶(I)。
2.根据权利要求1所述的风雨水能发电装置,其特征在于所述的风叶轮(9)的叶片为玻璃钢真空凹槽型。
3.根据权利要求1所述的风雨水能发电装置,其特征在于所述的盛水抽屉(3)为可拆装折叠式。
4.根据权利要求1所述的风雨水能发电装置,其特征在于所述的发电机(8)、风叶轮(9)安装在立柱(11)顶部。
5.根据权利要求1所述的风雨水能发电装置,其特征在于所述的发电机(8)联接传动装置,液压装置或电控装置,或联接电网接入口。
CN2010102757179A 2010-09-08 2010-09-08 风雨水能发电装置 Expired - Fee Related CN102400835B (zh)

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CN103485982A (zh) * 2013-10-10 2014-01-01 王震亚 一种多功能发电装置
CN106257047A (zh) * 2015-06-17 2016-12-28 詹平治 一种水能源冷热风机组及其发电装置
CN105804945B (zh) * 2016-03-31 2018-05-15 安徽工业大学 一种光伏-风力-雨水发电一体化发电方法
CN105888921B (zh) * 2016-03-31 2018-07-17 马鞍山市安工大工业技术研究院有限公司 一种智能收展式光伏-雨水发电一体化装置
CN105781893B (zh) * 2016-03-31 2018-05-15 安徽工业大学 一种平顶楼房用光伏-风力-雨水发电系统的发电方法
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