CN102361258B - Electrified replacement tool of single-V-string insulator of direct current quadripartition line - Google Patents

Electrified replacement tool of single-V-string insulator of direct current quadripartition line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102361258B
CN102361258B CN201110191410.5A CN201110191410A CN102361258B CN 102361258 B CN102361258 B CN 102361258B CN 201110191410 A CN201110191410 A CN 201110191410A CN 102361258 B CN102361258 B CN 102361258B
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China
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housing
buffer bar
gear
installing
bar
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CN201110191410.5A
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CN102361258A (en
Inventor
王肃
刘洪正
杨立超
孟海磊
郑连勇
刘兴君
马玮杰
乔耀华
付以贤
王进
徐元超
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Maintenance Branch of State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co Ltd
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Maintenance Branch of State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201110191410.5A priority Critical patent/CN102361258B/en
Publication of CN102361258A publication Critical patent/CN102361258A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses an electrified replacement tool of a single-V-string insulator of a direct current quadripartition line. The tool comprises a shell, wherein an internal cavity is formed in the shell; four first buffering rods are fixedly arranged on the upper part of the internal cavity; a first guide rod of each first buffering rod extends out of the shell and is provided with a traveling motor; a traveling groove wheel is arranged on an output shaft of the traveling motor; the traveling groove wheel is positioned at the upper front of the shell; an insulator replacement tool positioning device is arranged at the back of the shell; the positioning device is hinged with a connection plate; a front wire clamp is arranged on the connection plate; the left and right sides of the front wire clamp are respectively provided with an upper positioning hook; the left and right ends of the front wire clamp are respectively provided with a lower positioning hook; hook handles of the lower positioning hooks are hinged with the front wire clamp; the front wire clamp is hinged with one end of an insulating rod; the other end of the insulating rod is fixedly connected with a piston rod of a hydraulic cylinder; the hydraulic cylinder is connected with a rear wire clamp; an overturning driving motor is arranged on an overturning hinge connection seat; and the output shaft of the overturning driving motor is connected with a hinge connection shaft of the overturning hinge connection seat and the connection plate.

Description

The charged for replacement list V insulator string instrument of direct current quadripartion circuit
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of charged for replacement list V insulator string instrument of direct current quadripartion circuit.
Background technology
At present, in ehv power transmission industry, utilize and in the process of existing tool belt charged renewal direct current quadripartion circuit list V insulator string, have larger potential safety hazard.Its main cause is: utilize existing tool changing insulator string to need at least two staff to coordinate, and, because the installation site of insulator is that one end is near stringing steel tower, the other end is installed away from stringing steel tower, therefore, has at least a staff leaving stringing steel tower completely, whole health hangs on and in the situation on transmission line, carries out work high above the ground, operational security is lower, and transmission line fracture easily occurs, and causes the accident of personnel's long drop injures and deaths.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention, be to provide a kind of charged for replacement list V insulator string instrument of direct current quadripartion circuit, it can move freely on transmission line, energy ancillary staff completes the work of replacing insulator under electrified, thereby can avoid staff to hang on work high above the ground on transmission line, can fundamentally stop to occur because of the fall accident of injures and deaths of the transmission line fracture personnel that cause.
The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions: the charged for replacement list V insulator string instrument of direct current quadripartion circuit, comprise housing, in housing, offer inner chamber, four first buffer bars of top fixed installation of inner chamber, the first guide post of every the first buffer bar stretches out housing movable motor is installed outward, walking sheave is installed on the output shaft of movable motor, and walking sheave is positioned at the front upper place of housing, the back mounting guide rail of housing and traversing driving leading screw, traversing driving leading screw can rotate relative to housing, transverse shifting seat is installed on guide rail, transverse shifting seat can be along guide rail traveling priority, traversing drive nut is installed on transverse shifting seat, traversing drive nut is connected with traversing driving threads of lead screw, traversing driving leading screw is positioned at the inner side of transverse shifting seat, traversing drive motors is installed on housing, the output shaft of traversing drive motors is connected with one end of traversing driving leading screw, on transverse shifting seat, gear wheel is installed, the axle of gear wheel is perpendicular to the back side of housing, pinion is installed on housing, speed changer and rotary drive motor, pinion and gear wheel engagement, the axle of pinion is connected with the output shaft of speed changer, the power shaft of speed changer is connected with the output shaft of rotary drive motor, swing arm is installed on gear wheel, dwang is installed in swing arm, dwang can rotate relative to swing arm, the rear end of swing arm is installed and is adjusted drive motors, adjusting the output shaft of drive motors and the rear end of dwang is connected, the front end of dwang is installed and is stirred even hinge block, stirring even hinge block is positioned at outside swing arm, stir even hinge block and connecting plate is hinged, wire clamp before installing on connecting plate, the upper left right side of front wire clamp is respectively provided with one, a lower location hook is respectively installed at the two ends, left and right of front wire clamp, upper location hook is positioned at the left side of lower location hook, the neck of hook of lower location hook and front wire clamp are hinged, one end of front wire clamp and insulating bar is hinged, the other end of insulating bar is fixedly connected with the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder, hydraulic cylinder is connected with rear wire clamp, stir on even hinge block turn drive motor is installed, the output shaft of turn drive motor is connected with the articulated axle that stirs even hinge block and connecting plate.
For further realizing object of the present invention, can also realize by the following technical solutions: inner chamber axis be take as two leaping over obstacles supports of the symmetrical installation of center line in the bottom of inner chamber, leaping over obstacles support is connected and composed by U-shaped bearing, connecting rod, supporting seat, the second buffer bar, leap roller support and leap roller; U-shaped bearing is vertically installed in inner chamber, U-shaped bearing is fixedly connected with housing, on U-shaped bearing, rotating shaft is installed, a connecting rod is respectively installed at the two ends of rotating shaft, the rear end of connecting rod is fixedly connected with rotating shaft, and the front end of connecting rod is hinged with the two ends of supporting seat respectively, and the second buffer bar is installed on supporting seat, the second guide post gear wheel of the second buffer bar is installed and is crossed over roller support through supporting seat, crosses on roller support and installs and cross over roller; Housing each side offer a groove, groove is corresponding with leaping over obstacles support; Control cabinet is installed in inner chamber, the first motor is installed on control cabinet, the first sprocket wheel and the second gear are installed on the output shaft of the first motor, the second sprocket wheel is installed in the upper end of the rotating shaft of left side leaping over obstacles support, and the second sprocket wheel is connected by the first chain with the first sprocket wheel; The 3rd gear is installed in inner chamber, and the 3rd gear and the engagement of the second gear, install the 4th sprocket wheel on the axle of the 3rd gear, and the 3rd sprocket wheel is installed in the upper end of the rotating shaft of right side leaping over obstacles support, and the 3rd sprocket wheel is connected with the 4th sprocket wheel by the second chain; Mounting rod is installed on the top of housing, and shooting rolling disc is installed on mounting rod, and shooting hinge seat is installed on shooting rolling disc, on shooting hinge seat, camera is installed.One side installation manipulator arm insulating bar insulating bar of housing, mechanical arm insulating bar insulating bar is positioned at inner chamber, on the housing sidewall corresponding with mechanical arm insulating bar insulating bar, offers and is convenient to the open-work that mechanical arm insulating bar insulating bar stretches out.The axle of described walking sheave is provided with backstay, mounting limit sheave hinge seat in inner chamber, spacing sheave hinge seat is fixedly connected with the upper inside wall of housing, on spacing sheave hinge seat, rotation axis is installed, rotation axis and backstay spatial vertical, install lever and the first gear on rotation axis, mounting limit sheave on lever, mounting limit plate on the axle of spacing sheave, limiting plate is vertical with the shaft space of the first buffer bar; The first leading screw is installed on the axle of the 3rd gear, and the periphery of the first leading screw is installed the second nut, and tooth bar and sliding sleeve are installed on the second nut, fixed installation slide rail in inner chamber, slide rail coordinates with sliding sleeve, tooth bar and the engagement of the first gear, on limiting plate, offer location notch, location notch is corresponding one by one with backstay.Interior parallel two grid spacers that are provided with of described inner chamber, control cabinet and the first motor are between two grid spacers.The lower end of the rotating shaft lower end of described left side leaping over obstacles support and the rotating shaft of right side leaping over obstacles support passes respectively housing a balancing weight is respectively installed outward; The corresponding one end of two balancing weights is all arc surface.The first described buffer bar comprises the first buffer bar housing, on the sidewall of the first buffer bar housing, offer the first saturating groove, the first guide post is installed in the first buffer bar housing, the periphery of the first guide post is provided with the first spacing block set, the first spacing block set is provided with the first gag lever post, and the first gag lever post is positioned at the first saturating groove, and the periphery of the first guide post is installed the first spring, one end of the first spring contacts with the first spacing block set, the front end in contact of the other end of the first spring and the first buffer bar housing.The second described buffer bar comprises the second buffer bar housing, on the sidewall of the second buffer bar housing, offer the second saturating groove, the second guide post is installed in the second buffer bar housing, the periphery of the second guide post is provided with the second spacing block set, the second spacing block set is provided with the second gag lever post, and the second gag lever post coordinates with the second saturating groove, and the periphery of the second guide post is installed the second spring, one end of the second spring contacts with the second spacing block set, and the other end of the second spring contacts with the second buffer bar housing.On front wire clamp, install and strut drive motors, strut fixed installation on the output shaft of drive motors and strut driving leading screw, strut and drive leading screw between twice location hooks, strut to drive on leading screw and install and strut drive nut, strut drive nut and drive threads of lead screw to be connected with strutting, one of the each side installation that struts drive nut struts bar, struts bar corresponding one by one with lower location hook, the one end that struts bar is with to strut drive nut hinged, and the other end and the lower location hook that strut bar are hinged.
Good effect of the present invention is: it can fast and stable conductor spacer and stockbridge damper on ground spanning overhead line, can easily pass straight line pole, on overhead transmission line, there is hardly the object that it is caused to obstruction, can really realize on whole overhead transmission line and moving freely, easy to utilize, have the ability completely to substitute the back work that manually completes the replacing insulator hanging on transmission line, there is advantage safely and efficiently.It not only operates safe and convenient to use, also has and hangs advantage easily.When hanging, its the collapsible income of leaping over obstacles support is changed in insulator tool housing, the collapsible housing rear portion that closes at of positioner of its replacing insulator instrument and replacing insulator instrument, make to change insulator instrument outside and except road wheel and camera, almost there is no branch, and road wheel and camera in suspension process all higher than all overhead transmission lines, can not be wound around, thereby, can effectively prevent when hanging described replacing insulator instrument, its leaping over obstacles support and circuit are wound around, avoid occurring both cannot normally having hung described replacing insulator instrument, situation about cannot take off again.After changing insulator instrument and having hung, replacing insulator instrument can launch voluntarily, so that stabilized walking on the line.The present invention also has advantages of compactness simple for structure, cheap for manufacturing cost and easy to operate.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the charged for replacement list V insulator string instrument of direct current quadripartion circuit of the present invention; Fig. 2 is the backsight structural representation of Fig. 1, has omitted replacing insulator instrument in figure; Fig. 3 opens in running order structural representation after the charged for replacement list V insulator string instrument exhibition of direct current quadripartion circuit of the present invention, has omitted replacing insulator instrument in figure; Fig. 4 is that the C of Fig. 3 is to structural representation; Fig. 5 is the A-A sectional structure schematic diagram of Fig. 2; Fig. 6 is the left TV structure schematic diagram of Fig. 3; Fig. 7 is that the B of Fig. 2 is to structural representation; Fig. 8 is the structural representation of described the first buffer bar; Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the second buffer bar shown in figure.
Numeral : 1 cavity housing 2 3 4 walking the first buffer rod positioning rod sheave 5 6 7 camera mounting rod rotating hinge base plate 8 9 camera camera limit sheave 10 11 lever hinge seat 12 of the first gear 13 limit 14 -bit limit sheave grooves 16 of the first plate 15 positioned 17 second sprocket chain sprocket 18 of the first 20 second 19 third sprocket chain sprocket 22 21 IV 23 second gear third gear 24 of the first motor 25 control box 26 is positioned bulkhead 27 weights across obstacles stand 28 31 29 auxiliary support base across the roller bracket 32 33 30 leap second buffer roller bearing rod 34 36 rod -shaped groove 35U upper 37 lines 39 lines 38 lower rollers a first rotary shaft 40 screw 42 motor 41 traveling rails 43 guide 45 sleeve 44 second nut 46 moves laterally sliding seat 47 for the motor 48 driving the pinion gear 50 rotates the drive motor 49 gearbox 51 drive gear 52 motor 53 to adjust the arm 54 after the clamp cylinder 55 56 57 front insulating clamp lever 60 is rotated under the hook lever 61 62 63 traverse drive screw nut 64 traverse drive motor 65 to drive flip flip hinged seat 66 of the first guide lever 67 on the positioning plate 68 The second hook 69 through the slot 70 of the first 71 second bump stopper guide rod 72 second 73 second limit bump stopper lever spring 75 of the first 74 second 76 second buffer buffer rod housing 77 bar housing The first spring 79 through the slot 78 of the first lever 80 first limit distraction distraction drive screw drive motor 81 82 83 nut driver distraction distraction rod .
Embodiment
The charged for replacement list V insulator string instrument of direct current quadripartion circuit of the present invention, as shown in Figure 2, it comprises housing 1, in housing 1, offer inner chamber 2, four first buffer bars 3 of top fixed installation of inner chamber 2, the first guide post 66 of every the first buffer bar 3 stretches out the outer installation movable motor 40 of housing 1, and walking sheave 4 is installed on the output shaft of movable motor 40.For convenience of replacing insulator instrument being hung on overhead transmission line by walking sheave 4, as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, all walking sheaves 4 are all positioned at the front upper place of housing 1.As shown in Figure 2, inner chamber 2 axis be take as two leaping over obstacles supports 28 of the symmetrical installation of center line in the bottom of inner chamber 2.As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 6, each leaping over obstacles support 28 is connected and composed by U-shaped bearing 35, connecting rod 36, supporting seat 32, the second buffer bar 33, leap roller support 31 and leap roller 30; U-shaped bearing 35 is vertically installed in inner chamber 2, U-shaped bearing 35 is fixedly connected with housing 1, rotating shaft 39 is installed on U-shaped bearing 35, a connecting rod 36 is respectively installed at the two ends of rotating shaft 39, the rear end of connecting rod 36 is fixedly connected with rotating shaft 39, and the front end of connecting rod 36 is hinged with the two ends of supporting seat 32 respectively, and the second buffer bar 33 is installed on supporting seat 32, the second guide post 71 of the second buffer bar 33 is crossed over roller support 31 through the outer installation of supporting seat 32, crosses on roller support 31 and installs and cross over roller 30.Housing 1 each side offer a groove 34, groove 34 is corresponding with leaping over obstacles support 28; When connecting rod 36 is when Rotate 180 degree in position is to position shown in Fig. 3 as shown in Figure 2, the front end of connecting rod 36 can be positioned at groove 34, thereby maximum possible shifts out the second buffer bar 33 and leap roller 30 outside housing 1, so that cross over roller 30 and overhead transmission line close contact, to changing the walking of insulator instrument, play the guiding role.The interior installation control cabinet 25 of inner chamber 2, existing control device, storage battery and existing wireless signal transmission and the receiving systems such as the interior installation Programmable Logic Controller of control cabinet 25, facilitate staff to changing insulator instrument, to carry out remote control on the ground.As shown in Figure 2, the first motor 24 is installed on control cabinet 25, the first sprocket wheel 16 and the second gear 22 are installed on the output shaft of the first motor 24, and the upper end of the rotating shaft 39 of left side leaping over obstacles support 28 is installed the second sprocket wheel 17, the second sprocket wheels 17 and is connected by the first chain 18 with the first sprocket wheel 16; The interior installation of inner chamber 2 the 3rd gear 23, the 3rd gear 23 and the second gear 22 engagements, the 4th sprocket wheel 21 is installed on the axle of the 3rd gear 23, and the upper end of the rotating shaft 39 of right side leaping over obstacles support 28 is installed the 3rd sprocket wheel 19, the three sprocket wheels 19 and is connected with the 4th sprocket wheel 21 by the second chain 20.Staff for ease of ground can understand the situation on overhead transmission line at any time, so that remote control is changed insulator instrument and is completed cleaning work, as shown in Figure 2, mounting rod 6 is installed on the top of housing 1, shooting rolling disc 7 is installed on mounting rod 6, shooting hinge seat 8 is installed on shooting rolling disc 7, on shooting hinge seat 8, camera 9 is installed, camera 9 is hinged with shooting hinge seat 8, shooting rolling disc 7 and the rotatable shooting angle of adjusting camera 9 of shooting hinge seat 8.For realizing cleaning work, a side installation manipulator arm 57 of housing 1, mechanical arm 57 is positioned at inner chamber 2, offers to be convenient to the open-work that mechanical arm 57 stretches out the foreign material on circuit are cleared up on housing 1 sidewall corresponding with mechanical arm 57.The back mounting guide rail 45 of housing 1 and traversing driving leading screw 62, the two ends of traversing driving leading screw 62 are respectively connected with housing 1 by bearing pedestal, and traversing driving leading screw 62 can rotate relative to housing 1.Transverse shifting seat 46 is installed on guide rail 45, transverse shifting seat 46 can be along guide rail 45 traveling priorities, traversing drive nut 63 is installed on transverse shifting seat 46, traversing drive nut 63 is threaded with traversing driving leading screw 62, traversing driving leading screw 62 is positioned at the inner side of transverse shifting seat 46, between housing 1 and transverse shifting seat 46.Traversing drive motors 47 is installed on housing 1, the output shaft of traversing drive motors 47 is connected with one end of traversing driving leading screw 62, gear wheel 51 is installed on transverse shifting seat 46, the axle of gear wheel 51 is perpendicular to the back side of housing 1, pinion 48 is installed on housing 1, speed changer 49 and rotary drive motor 50, pinion 48 and gear wheel 51 engagements, the axle of pinion 48 is connected with the output shaft of speed changer 49, the power shaft of speed changer 49 is connected with the output shaft of rotary drive motor 50, swing arm 53 is installed on gear wheel 51, the interior installation dwang 60 of swing arm 53, dwang 60 can rotate relative to swing arm 53, the rear end of swing arm 53 is installed and is adjusted drive motors 52, the output shaft of adjusting drive motors 52 is connected with the rear end of dwang 60, the front end of dwang 60 is installed and is stirred even hinge block 65, stirring even hinge block 65 is positioned at outside swing arm 53, stir even hinge block 65 hinged with connecting plate 67, wire clamp 55 before installing on connecting plate 67, on front wire clamp 55, left and right is respectively provided with a upper location hook 68, a lower location hook 61 is respectively installed at the two ends, left and right of front wire clamp 55.Upper location hook 68 is positioned at the left side of lower location hook 61.The neck of hook of lower location hook 61 and front wire clamp 55 are hinged, front wire clamp 55 is hinged with one end of insulating bar 57, the other end of insulating bar 57 is fixedly connected with the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder 56, hydraulic cylinder 56 is connected with rear wire clamp 54, stir turn drive motor 64 be installed on even hinge block 65, the output shaft of turn drive motor 64 with stir even hinge block 65 and be connected with the articulated axle of connecting plate 67.Connecting plate 67, front wire clamp 55, rear wire clamp 54, hydraulic cylinder 56 and insulating bar 57 connect and compose the insulator instrument of changing.
As shown in Figure 1, on front wire clamp 55, install and strut drive motors 80, strut to install to strut on the output shaft of drive motors 80 and drive leading screw 81, strut and drive leading screw 81 between twice location hooks 61, strut to drive on leading screw 81 and install and strut drive nut 82, strutting drive nut 82 drives leading screw 81 to be threaded with strutting, one of the each side installation that struts drive nut 82 struts bar 83, strut bar 83 corresponding one by one with lower location hook 61, the one end that struts bar 83 is with to strut drive nut 82 hinged, and the other end and the lower location hook 61 that strut bar 83 are hinged.Strutting drive motors 80 can drive to strut and drive leading screw 81 rotations, by strutting, drive leading screw 81 and strut drive nut 82 and coordinate, utilization struts bar 83 twice location hooks 61 is strutted or closure, to adjust the position of lower location hook 61, two wire connecting ends accurately and on direct current quadripartion circuit yoke plate are connected and fixed.
Change the preparation before insulator string:
First utilize the existing lifting machines such as crane that described self-propelled is changed to insulator instrument and hang on overhead transmission line, the leaping over obstacles support 28 of now changing insulator instrument all shrinks as shown in Figure 2 in the interior collection of housing 1, in case be wound around with circuit.After again walking sheave 4 being hung in the upper layer circuit 37 of overhead transmission line, making upper layer circuit 37 be positioned at walking sheave 4 and complete the suspension work of changing insulator instrument.
After replacing insulator instrument has hung, lifting machine still can not be removed, now, staff's remote control control cabinet 25, control cabinet 25 is controlled the first motor 24 and is rotated, the first motor 24 is on the one hand by the first sprocket wheel 16, the first chain 18 and the second sprocket wheel 17 drive the rotating shaft 39 of left side leaping over obstacles support 28 to rotate, the rotating shaft 39 of left side leaping over obstacles support 28 drive connected connecting rod 36 as shown in Figure 2 position turnback to position shown in Fig. 3, leap roller 30 and the second buffer bar 33 are shifted out outside housing 1, as shown in Figure 3, make to cross over roller 30 and contact cooperation with lower sandwich circuit 38.Walking sheave 4 contacts cooperation with leap upper and lower two places of roller 30 with overhead transmission line, availablely guarantee machine stabilized walking on overhead transmission line.Leaping over obstacles support 28 can be removed lifting machine after launching, described replacing insulator instrument can be on overhead transmission line independent ambulation.The second buffer bar 33 is always to provide crosses over the pretightning force that roller 30 compresses lower sandwich circuit 38, and the first buffer bar 3 provides downward pretightning force for walking sheave 4, and the sheave 4 that makes to walk is tightly bitten upper layer circuit 37.
During replacing, the image remote control control cabinet 25 that staff takes according to camera 9, control cabinet 25 is controlled movable motor 40 rotations, and movable motor 40 drives walking sheaves 4 to rotate, thereby drives replacing insulator instrument to move along overhead transmission line.Each walking sheave 4 is all independent ambulation power sources.During insulator to be replaced on approaching circuit, control cabinet 25 is first controlled traversing drive motors 47 and is started, traversing drive motors 47 drives traversing driving leading screw 62 to rotate, traversing driving leading screw 62 coordinates and makes transverse shifting seat 46 along guide rail 45 traveling priorities with traversing drive nut 63, to swing arm 53 and replacing insulator instrument are shifted out to housing 1 outside; Restart turn drive motor 64, as shown in Figure 9, turn drive motor 64 drives replacing insulator instrument relatively to stir even hinge block 65 and turns over turnback; Then, as shown in figure 10, start rotary drive motor 50, rotary drive motor 50 drives pinion 48 to rotate by speed changer 49, and pinion 48 drives gear wheel 51 to rotate, and gear wheel 51 drives swing arm 53 to rotate, to replacing insulator instrument is delivered near insulator to be replaced, start simultaneously and adjust drive motors 52, adjust drive motors 52 and drive and stir even hinge block 65 rotations by dwang 60, make to change the top that insulator instrument is positioned at insulator to be replaced; Finally, start turn drive motor 64, turn drive motor 64 drives changes the upset of insulator instrument, making to change insulator instrument compresses on insulator to be replaced, by one end away from steel tower of insulator to be replaced, four of direct current conductors on quad bundled links snap in respectively the interior locking of location hook 68 on twice location hooks 61 and two of front wire clamp 55.Change insulator instrument near one end of stringing steel tower, by the mode of operation of original replacing instrument, by artificial, fix with insulator string to be replaced, after being about to, wire clamp 54 is connected and fixed with steel tower.To change insulator instrument and insulator to be replaced fixing after, start the hydraulic cylinder 56 of changing insulator instrument, hydraulic cylinder 56 pulls whole replacing insulator instrument to shrink by insulating bar 57, shorten the distance of 54 of rear front wire clamp 55 and rear wire clamps, thereby, make insulator string to be replaced lax, by changing insulator instrument, bear the pulling force of transmission line, thereby carry out hot-line insulator string replacement.
For further accurately controlling locking mechanism and the locking of insulator one end of changing insulator instrument, on connecting plate 67, camera can be installed, camera is as the criterion can accurately take the position of locking mechanism, so that staff's remote operation.
For further preventing that crossing over roller 30 departs from lower sandwich circuit 38, crosses over the top of roller support 31 help roll 29 is installed.
Change in the traveling process of insulator instrument on overhead transmission line, the mode of walking sheave 4 spanning spacers or stockbridge damper is as follows: first walking sheave 4 that runs at first conductor spacer or stockbridge damper can upwards lift by relative housing 1 under the effect of conductor spacer or stockbridge damper, be now, other walking sheaves 4 are still closely hooked together with circuit, and guaranteeing to change insulator instrument can firmly be hung on circuit; First walking sheave 4 strides across after conductor spacer or stockbridge damper, can under the drive of connected the first buffer bar 3, reset and again articulate with circuit.Second, third moves with the leap that the 4th walking sheave 4 repeats last walking sheave 4 successively.In the process of walking, guarantee that all the time a walking sheave 4 is when disengaging circuit is done spanning spacers or stockbridge damper action, other three walking sheaves 4 clench circuit, make to change insulator instrument and keep stable.
For further preventing from changing insulator instrument and overhead transmission line, depart from and fall down, as Fig. 2, Fig. 3, shown in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, the axle of described walking sheave 4 is provided with backstay 5, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, the interior mounting limit sheave of inner chamber 2 hinge seat 10, spacing sheave hinge seat 10 is fixedly connected with the upper inside wall of housing 1, on spacing sheave hinge seat 10, rotation axis is installed, rotation axis and backstay 5 spatial vertical, lever 11 and the first gear 12 are installed on rotation axis, mounting limit sheave 13 on lever 11, mounting limit plate 14 on the axle of spacing sheave 13, limiting plate 14 is vertical with the shaft space of the first buffer bar 3, the first leading screw 41 is installed on the axle of the 3rd gear 23, the periphery of the first leading screw 41 is installed the second nut 44, the second nut 44 is threaded with the first leading screw 41, tooth bar 70 and sliding sleeve 43 are installed on the second nut 44, the interior fixed installation slide rail 42 of inner chamber 2, slide rail 42 coordinates with sliding sleeve 43 and prevents that the second nut 44 from rotating, and tooth bar 70 meshes with the first gear 12, on limiting plate 14, offer location notch 15, location notch 15 is corresponding one by one with backstay 5.
When leaping over obstacles support 28 launches, the second gear 22 drives the 3rd gear 23 to rotate, the 3rd gear 23 drives the second nut 44 to make traveling priority by the first leading screw 41, make tooth bar 70 drive the first gear 12 to rotate, thereby make spacing sheave 13 upwards rotate 90 degree, location notch 15 on limiting plate 14 and backstay 5 be corresponding matching one by one, and spacing sheave 13 coordinates upper layer circuit 37 is fixedly clamped up and down with walking sheave 4.Now, walking sheave 4, spacing sheave 13, limiting plate 14 and housing 1 connect and compose a closed-loop upper layer circuit 37 are firmly locked, even if walking sheave 4 is separated with upper layer circuit 37, upper layer circuit 37 still cannot be by deviating from above-mentioned closed-loop, guaranteeing to change insulator instrument can be by falling on overhead transmission line, avoid changing insulator instrument crash or the situation of hurting sb.'s feelings and occur, fail safe is higher.
When making leaping over obstacles support 28 closed not can with the first motor 24 and control cabinet 25 collisions, guarantee the first motor 24 and control cabinet 25 normal operations.As shown in Figures 2 and 3, interior parallel two grid spacers 26 that are provided with of described inner chamber 2, control cabinet 25 and the first motor 24 are between two grid spacers 26.
Stable for further guaranteeing to change the walking of insulator instrument, as shown in Figures 2 to 4, the lower end of rotating shaft 39 lower ends of described left side leaping over obstacles support 28 and the rotating shaft 39 of right side leaping over obstacles support 28 passes respectively that housing 1 is outer respectively installs a balancing weight 27; The corresponding one end of two balancing weights 27 is all arc surface.When leaping over obstacles support 28 launches, balancing weight 27 rotates 90 degree as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, makes to change the center of gravity reach of insulator instrument, makes the bottom of changing insulator instrument more closely compress overhead transmission line, thereby, guarantee to change the stabilized walking of insulator instrument.
Described buffer bar is connected and composed by outer tube, interior bar and back-moving spring, bar and back-moving spring in installing in outer tube.Interior bar is outer tube traveling priority relatively, and to change the entire length of buffer bar, back-moving spring can make interior bar reset.Described buffer bar can be substituted by existing front vibration damper of motorcycle, so that adjust walking sheave 4 and the position of crossing over the relative housing 1 of roller 30, reaches the object of across obstacle while walking on the line.
As shown in Figure 8, the first described buffer bar 3 comprises the first buffer bar housing 75, on the sidewall of the first buffer bar housing 75, offer the first saturating groove 77, interior installation the first guide post 66 of the first buffer bar housing 75, the periphery of the first guide post 66 is provided with the first spacing block set 70, the first spacing block set 70 is provided with the first gag lever post 79, the first gag lever post 79 is positioned at the first saturating groove 77, the periphery of the first guide post 66 is installed the first spring 78, one end of the first spring 78 contacts with the first spacing block set 70, the front end in contact of the other end of the first spring 78 and the first buffer bar housing 75.The first buffer bar 3 applies the pretightning force of stinging tight overhead transmission line by 66 pairs of walking sheaves 4 of the first guide post.
As shown in Figure 9, the second described buffer bar 33 comprises the second buffer bar housing 76, on the sidewall of the second buffer bar housing 76, offer the second saturating groove 69, interior installation the second guide post 71 of the second buffer bar housing 76, the periphery of the second guide post 71 is provided with the second spacing block set 72, the second spacing block set 72 is provided with the second gag lever post 73, the second gag lever post 73 coordinates with the second saturating groove 69, the periphery of the second guide post 71 is installed the second spring 74, one end of the second spring 74 contacts with the second spacing block set 72, and the other end of the second spring 74 contacts with the second buffer bar housing 76.
Technical solutions according to the invention are not restricted in the scope of embodiment of the present invention.The present invention not technology contents of detailed description is known technology.

Claims (8)

1. the charged for replacement list V insulator string instrument of direct current quadripartion circuit, comprise housing (1), it is characterized in that: in housing (1), offer inner chamber (2), top fixed installation four first buffer bars (3) of inner chamber (2), first guide post (66) of every the first buffer bar (3) stretches out the outer movable motor (40) of installing of housing (1), walking sheave (4) is installed on the output shaft of movable motor (40), and walking sheave (4) is positioned at the front upper place of housing (1), the back mounting guide rail (45) of housing (1) and traversing driving leading screw (62), traversing driving leading screw (62) can rotate relative to housing (1), the upper transverse shifting seat (46) of installing of guide rail (45), transverse shifting seat (46) can be along guide rail (45) traveling priority, the upper traversing drive nut (63) of installing of transverse shifting seat (46), traversing drive nut (63) is threaded with traversing driving leading screw (62), traversing driving leading screw (62) is positioned at the inner side of transverse shifting seat (46), the upper traversing drive motors (47) of installing of housing (1), the output shaft of traversing drive motors (47) is connected with one end of traversing driving leading screw (62), the upper gear wheel (51) of installing of transverse shifting seat (46), the axle of gear wheel (51) is perpendicular to the back side of housing (1), the upper pinion (48) of installing of housing (1), speed changer (49) and rotary drive motor (50), pinion (48) and gear wheel (51) engagement, the axle of pinion (48) is connected with the output shaft of speed changer (49), the power shaft of speed changer (49) is connected with the output shaft of rotary drive motor (50), the upper installation of gear wheel (51) swing arm (53), dwang (60) is installed in swing arm (53), dwang (60) can rotate relative to swing arm (53), the rear end of swing arm (53) is installed and is adjusted drive motors (52), the output shaft of adjusting drive motors (52) is connected with the rear end of dwang (60), the front end of dwang (60) is installed and is stirred even hinge block (65), stirring even hinge block (65) is positioned at outside swing arm (53), stir even hinge block (65) hinged with connecting plate (67), wire clamp (55) before the upper installation of connecting plate (67), the upper left and right of front wire clamp (55) is respectively provided with a upper location hook (68), a lower location hook (61) is respectively installed at the two ends, left and right of front wire clamp (55), upper location hook (68) is positioned at the left side of lower location hook (61), the neck of hook of lower location hook (61) and front wire clamp (55) are hinged, front wire clamp (55) is hinged with one end of insulating bar (57), the other end of insulating bar (57) is fixedly connected with the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder (56), hydraulic cylinder (56) is connected with rear wire clamp (54), stir the upper turn drive motor (64) of installing of even hinge block (65), the output shaft of turn drive motor (64) with stir even hinge block (65) and be connected with the articulated axle of connecting plate (67).
2. the charged for replacement list V insulator string instrument of direct current quadripartion circuit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: inner chamber (2) axis be take as center line two leaping over obstacles supports of symmetrical installation (28) in the bottom of inner chamber (2), leaping over obstacles support (28) is connected and composed by U-shaped bearing (35), connecting rod (36), supporting seat (32), the second buffer bar (33), leap roller support (31) and leap roller (30), U-shaped bearing (35) is vertically installed in inner chamber (2), U-shaped bearing (35) is fixedly connected with housing (1), the upper installation of U-shaped bearing (35) rotating shaft (39), a connecting rod (36) is respectively installed at the two ends of rotating shaft (39), the rear end of connecting rod (36) is fixedly connected with rotating shaft (39), the front end of connecting rod (36) is hinged with the two ends of supporting seat (32) respectively, upper the second buffer bar (33) of installing of supporting seat (32), the second guide post gear wheel (51) of the second buffer bar (33) is installed and is crossed over roller support (31) through supporting seat (32), cross over upper installation of roller support (31) and cross over roller (30), housing (1) each side offer a groove (34), groove (34) is corresponding with leaping over obstacles support (28), control cabinet (25) is installed in inner chamber (2), upper the first motor (24) of installing of control cabinet (25), the first sprocket wheel (16) and the second gear (22) are installed on the output shaft of the first motor (24), the second sprocket wheel (17) is installed in the upper end of the rotating shaft (39) of left side leaping over obstacles support (28), and the second sprocket wheel (17) is connected by the first chain (18) with the first sprocket wheel (16), the 3rd gear (23) is installed in inner chamber (2), the 3rd gear (23) and the second gear (22) engagement, the 4th sprocket wheel (21) is installed on the axle of the 3rd gear (23), the 3rd sprocket wheel (19) is installed in the upper end of the rotating shaft (39) of right side leaping over obstacles support (28), and the 3rd sprocket wheel (19) is connected with the 4th sprocket wheel (21) by the second chain (20), mounting rod (6) is installed on the top of housing (1), the upper shooting rolling disc (7) of installing of mounting rod (6), the upper shooting hinge seat (8) of installing of shooting rolling disc (7), the upper camera (9) of installing of shooting hinge seat (8).
3. the charged for replacement list V insulator string instrument of direct current quadripartion circuit according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the axle of described walking sheave (4) is provided with backstay (5), inner chamber (2) interior mounting limit sheave hinge seat (10), spacing sheave hinge seat (10) is fixedly connected with the upper inside wall of housing (1), the upper rotation axis of installing of spacing sheave hinge seat (10), rotation axis and backstay (5) spatial vertical, lever (11) and the first gear (12) are installed on rotation axis, the upper mounting limit sheave (13) of lever (11), mounting limit plate (14) on the axle of spacing sheave (13), limiting plate (14) is vertical with the shaft space of the first buffer bar (3), the first leading screw (41) is installed on the axle of the 3rd gear (23), the periphery of the first leading screw (41) is installed the second nut (44), upper tooth bar (70) and the sliding sleeve (43) installed of the second nut (44), fixed installation slide rail (42) in inner chamber (2), slide rail (42) coordinates with sliding sleeve (43), tooth bar (70) and the first gear (12) engagement, offer location notch (15) on limiting plate (14), location notch (15) is corresponding one by one with backstay (5).
4. the charged for replacement list V insulator string instrument of direct current quadripartion circuit according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: parallel two grid spacers (26) that are provided with in described inner chamber (2), control cabinet (25) and the first motor (24) are positioned between two grid spacers (26).
5. the charged for replacement list V insulator string instrument of direct current quadripartion circuit according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the lower end of rotating shaft (39) lower end of described left side leaping over obstacles support (28) and the rotating shaft (39) of right side leaping over obstacles support (28) passes respectively the outer balancing weight (27) of respectively installing of housing (1); The corresponding one end of two balancing weights (27) is all arc surface.
6. the charged for replacement list V insulator string instrument of direct current quadripartion circuit according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described the first buffer bar (3) comprises the first buffer bar housing (75), on the sidewall of the first buffer bar housing (75), offer the first saturating groove (77), the first guide post (66) is installed in the first buffer bar housing (75), the periphery of the first guide post (66) is provided with the first spacing block set (70), the first spacing block set (70) is provided with the first gag lever post (79), the first gag lever post (79) is positioned at the first saturating groove (77), the periphery of the first guide post (66) is installed the first spring (78), one end of the first spring (78) contacts with the first spacing block set (70), the front end in contact of the other end of the first spring (78) and the first buffer bar housing (75).
7. the charged for replacement list V insulator string instrument of direct current quadripartion circuit according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described the second buffer bar (33) comprises the second buffer bar housing (76), on the sidewall of the second buffer bar housing (76), offer the second saturating groove (69), the second guide post (71) is installed in the second buffer bar housing (76), the periphery of the second guide post (71) is provided with the second spacing block set (72), the second spacing block set (72) is provided with the second gag lever post (73), the second gag lever post (73) coordinates with the second saturating groove (69), the periphery of the second guide post (71) is installed the second spring (74), one end of the second spring (74) contacts with the second spacing block set (72), the other end of the second spring (74) contacts with the second buffer bar housing (76).
8. the charged for replacement list V insulator string instrument of direct current quadripartion circuit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the upper installation of front wire clamp (55) struts drive motors (80), strutting on the output shaft of drive motors (80) fixed installation struts and drives leading screw (81), strut and drive leading screw (81) to be positioned between twice location hooks (61), strut and drive upper installation of leading screw (81) to strut drive nut (82), strutting drive nut (82) drives leading screw (81) to be threaded with strutting, one of the each side installation that struts drive nut (82) struts bar (83), strut bar (83) corresponding one by one with lower location hook (61), strut one end of bar (83) and strut drive nut (82) hinged, the other end and the lower location hook (61) that strut bar (83) are hinged.
CN201110191410.5A 2011-07-10 2011-07-10 Electrified replacement tool of single-V-string insulator of direct current quadripartition line Active CN102361258B (en)

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CN201110191410.5A CN102361258B (en) 2011-07-10 2011-07-10 Electrified replacement tool of single-V-string insulator of direct current quadripartition line

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110191410.5A CN102361258B (en) 2011-07-10 2011-07-10 Electrified replacement tool of single-V-string insulator of direct current quadripartition line

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104267245B (en) * 2014-10-21 2017-05-17 国家电网公司 Tool for assembling and disassembling electrified display device on high-voltage device without power cut
CN112134205A (en) * 2020-10-12 2020-12-25 魏孝堂 Power cable maintenance equipment

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN85204196U (en) * 1985-09-28 1986-06-11 鞍山电业局 Clamps for change straight-line whole serial insulators on live wire work
CN2912028Y (en) * 2006-06-16 2007-06-13 冯海潮 Live replacing device for compact six-line insulator string
CN101022212A (en) * 2007-03-23 2007-08-22 上海市电力公司超高压输变电公司 Live line replacing method high voltage transmission line strain insulator-string and device
CN201323409Y (en) * 2008-11-07 2009-10-07 江苏省电力公司徐州供电公司 Tool for live line replacing of high voltage transmission line V-shaped insulator chain
CN202197049U (en) * 2011-07-10 2012-04-18 山东电力集团公司超高压公司 Tool of direct current four-split circuit for live replacement of single V-stringed insulators

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN85204196U (en) * 1985-09-28 1986-06-11 鞍山电业局 Clamps for change straight-line whole serial insulators on live wire work
CN2912028Y (en) * 2006-06-16 2007-06-13 冯海潮 Live replacing device for compact six-line insulator string
CN101022212A (en) * 2007-03-23 2007-08-22 上海市电力公司超高压输变电公司 Live line replacing method high voltage transmission line strain insulator-string and device
CN201323409Y (en) * 2008-11-07 2009-10-07 江苏省电力公司徐州供电公司 Tool for live line replacing of high voltage transmission line V-shaped insulator chain
CN202197049U (en) * 2011-07-10 2012-04-18 山东电力集团公司超高压公司 Tool of direct current four-split circuit for live replacement of single V-stringed insulators

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