CN102302085A - Method for designing feed formula based on trial and error process - Google Patents

Method for designing feed formula based on trial and error process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102302085A
CN102302085A CN201110075876A CN201110075876A CN102302085A CN 102302085 A CN102302085 A CN 102302085A CN 201110075876 A CN201110075876 A CN 201110075876A CN 201110075876 A CN201110075876 A CN 201110075876A CN 102302085 A CN102302085 A CN 102302085A
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feed
trial
feed formula
formula
error process
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CN201110075876A
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Chinese (zh)
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李华玉
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李华玉
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Priority to CN201110075876A priority Critical patent/CN102302085A/en
Publication of CN102302085A publication Critical patent/CN102302085A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for designing a feed formula based on a trial and error process, and belongs to the feed industry. The trial and error process is a practical feed formula process, so the trial and error process is easy to learn for people who have not learned the feed formula and is not limited by the type of feed raw materials and the number of nutritional indexes. Under the condition of manual calculation, in case of many types of the feed raw materials and more nutritional indexes taken into consideration, the design of the feed formula is time-consuming and laborious. However, under the condition of the ready-made computer operating module, the practical feed formula with low cost and ideal effect can be obtained within a short time so long as to understand the main characteristics of the feed raw materials and utilize the feeding standard reasonably. In a goldpoint feed formula, a formula checking module is ready-made, and can be used directly.

Description

试差法饲料配方设计的方法 The method of trial and error in feed formulation

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明是一种试差法饲料配方设计的方法,属饲料行业。 [0001] The present invention is a method of trial and error feed formulation, is a feed industry. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 目前,饲料配方的设计方法主要有:对角线法、试差法和计算机多元回归和线性规划法。 [0002] Currently, the design of feed formulation are: Diagonal, trial and error and a computer multiple regression and linear programming.

[0003] 对角线法是一种传统的饲料配方设计方法,适用于4〜5种原料的简单配方设计, 已无法适用配方验算需要,目前已很少有人使用。 [0003] Diagonal is a traditional feed formulation method, the simple recipe designed for 4 to 5 kinds of raw materials, has been unable to apply formula needs checking, has been rarely used.

[0004] 计算机多元回归和线性规划法是使用计算机为工作平台,利用其强大的计算功能进行配方验算,可以计算出营养相对最全、价格相对最低的饲料配方。 [0004] Computer multiple regression and linear programming method is to use the computer as a working platform, using its powerful computing capabilities recipe checking, we can calculate the relative nutrition of the whole, the price is relatively low feed formula. 缺点是配方缺乏灵活性,设计出来的配方无特点。 The disadvantage is the lack of flexibility formula, no recipe designed features.

[0005] 试差法是一种实用的饲料配方方法,对于没有学习过饲料配方的人员很容易学习,并且不受饲料原料种类和营养指标数量的限制。 [0005] The trial and error method is a practical method to feed formula, for people not studied feed formulation is easy to learn, and is not the type and amount of feed ingredients limiting nutrient indicators. 在手工计算的情况下,如饲料原料种类多、考虑的营养指标多,则设计饲料配方会很费时费力。 In the case of manual calculation, such as the type of feed ingredients and more, consider more nutrition indicators, the design of the feed formula will be very time consuming. 在有现成的电脑运算模块的情况下,只要了解饲料原料主要特性并且合理利用饲养标准,就可在短时间内配制出实用、廉价、效果理想的饲料配方。 In the case of existing computer algorithms module case, and the main characteristics of the feed ingredients to understand the rational use of standard breeding, it can be formulated in a practical, inexpensive, feed formulation desired results in a short time. 金点饲料配方有做好的配方验算模块,可直接使用。 Gold feed formulation has a good recipe checking module can be used directly.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本处以试差法为例讲述蛋鸡高峰料(产蛋> 80% )的配制方法。 Preparation method [0006] This Example describes impose a trial and error method peak material layers (egg> 80%).

[0007] 使用玉米、豆粕、鱼粉、棉粕、葵粕、菜粕、石粉、磷酸氢钙、食盐、赖氨酸、蛋氨酸、维生素预混料、微量元素预混料设计一张产蛋鸡饲料配方。 [0007] The use of corn, soybean meal, fish meal, cottonseed meal, sunflower meal, rapeseed meal, powder, calcium hydrogen phosphate, sodium chloride, lysine, methionine, vitamin premix, design a trace element premix feed hens formula.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0008] 第一步准备好营养目标值 [0008] The first step in preparing good nutrition target

[0009] 可以直接使用饲养标准或营养需要推荐的指标,最好以饲养标准或营养需要为基础,在生产实践中总结出一套自己的营养需要目标值。 [0009] can be used directly or nutritional needs feeding standards recommended indicators, it is best to raise standards or nutritional needs, we summarize a set of their own nutritional needs in production practice target. 营养目标值种类和数量可根据自己的需求确定,目标值不能太少,也不能太多。 Nutrition target types and quantities according to their needs to determine the target value is not too little, not too much. 正常情况下要包括有效能值、粗蛋白、钙、磷和第一、第二限制性氨基酸。 To include exergy value under normal circumstances, crude protein, calcium, phosphorus and first and second limiting amino acid.

[0010] 第二步准备原料数据 [0010] Step 2 Preparing the raw data

[0011] 把配方中要使用的各种饲料原料的营养指标整理、归纳好。 [0011] The nutritional parameters of various feed ingredients in the formulation to be used has summarized well. 每种原料的营养指标种类要与营养目标值中的相同。 The kind of nutritional indicators of each ingredient and nutrition to the same target in. 饲料原料的各项营养指标数据要尽可能接近实际含量,可以通过选用本地原料数据或权威机构发布的饲料原料营养指标数据,也可以通过实际检测或查阅厂家提供的营养指标数据使原料营养指标更加准确。 Nutrition indicators data nutrition indicators data feed ingredients should be kept as close to the actual content, by selection of raw materials nutrition indicators data feed raw data or local authority issued, may also be provided by the actual testing or inspection of factory raw material more nutrition indicators accurate. 在我国一般直接选用《中国饲料成分及营养价值表》中的数据即可。 In general direct selection of data to "Chinese feed ingredients and nutritional value table" in.

[0012] 第三步计算营养指标 [0012] The third step is to calculate nutrition indicators

[0013] 根据初拟配方的原料配比,分别计算配方中每种营养素在日粮中的营养浓度。 [0013] The proposed formulation ratio of raw materials First, calculate the concentration of the formulation of each nutrient in the diet of nutrients. 方法:计算每种原料某种营养素含量X原料配比,然后把每种原料的计算值相加既得某种营养素在日粮中的浓度。 Method: calculated for each of a nutrient content of the feed raw material ratio X, and the calculated value of each ingredient is added in a concentration of certain nutrients acquired diets. 按同样方法把所有种类的营养素指标全部计算出来。 In the same way to all kinds of nutrients indicators are all calculated.

[0014]粗蛋白:玉米 8. 2X60% + 鱼粉62. 80X5% +.........+ 蛋氨酸58. 6X0%= 17. 3% [0014] Crude protein: corn meal 8. 2X60% + 62. 80X5% + ......... + methionine 58. 6X0% = 17. 3%

[0015]代谢能:玉米 3. 28X60% + 鱼粉2. 79X5% +.........+ 蛋氨酸5. 02X0%= 2. 76% [0015] ME: corn meal 3. 28X60% + 2. 79X5% + ......... + methionine 5. 02X0% = 2. 76%

[0016]赖氨酸:玉米 0. 29X60% + 鱼粉2. 42X5% +.........+ 蛋氨酸0X0%= 0. 85% [0016] Lysine: corn meal 0. 29X60% + 2. 42X5% + ......... + methionine 0X0% = 0. 85%

[0017] 第四步配方调整 [0017] The fourth step formula adjustment

[0018] 各项营养指标与第一步设置的营养目标值对比,如代谢能不足,增加玉米比例;如蛋白质不足,增加鱼粉、豆粕比例;I丐不足,增加石粉比例;磷不足,增加磷酸氢钙比例。 [0018] Comparative Nutrition target nutrition indicators provided with the first step, such as metabolic energy is less, increase the proportion of corn; proteins such as insufficient increase fish meal, soybean meal ratio; I Hack insufficient, increasing the proportion of powder; phosphorus deficiency, increased phosphorylation calcium hydrogen ratio. 然后重复第四步的计算。 A fourth calculation step is then repeated. 通过比较计算结果与营养目标值的差距,反复调整原料配比,直到除赖氨酸、蛋+胱以外,其它指标均符合营养需要为止。 By comparing the calculated results with the nutrition gap target value, adjusting the ratio of raw materials repeatedly, until other than lysine, egg + cystatin, other indicators are in line with the nutritional needs so far.

Claims (2)

1.本发明是一种试差法饲料配方设计的方法,特征在于其配方。 1. The present invention is a method of trial and error design feed formulation, characterized in that the formulation.
2.根据权利1所述的ー种试差法饲料配方设计的方法,其配方在干:粗蛋白:玉米8. 2X60% + 鱼粉62. 80X5% +.........+ 蛋氨酸58.6X0%= 17. 3%代谢能:玉米3. 28X60% + 鱼粉2. 79X5% +.........+ 蛋氨酸5. 02X0%= 2. 76%赖氨酸:玉米0.四X60% +鱼粉2. 42X5% +.........+蛋氨酸0X0%= 0. 85%。 2. The method of claim ー species trial and error design feed formulation of claim 1, which is a dry formulation: crude protein: corn meal 8. 2X60% + 62. 80X5% + ......... + Methionine 58.6X0% = 17. 3% ME: corn meal 3. 28X60% + 2. 79X5% + ......... + methionine 5. 02X0% = 2. 76% lysine: corn 0. four X60% + fishmeal 2. 42X5% + ......... + methionine 0X0% = 0. 85%.
CN201110075876A 2011-03-29 2011-03-29 Method for designing feed formula based on trial and error process CN102302085A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103431168A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-12-11 刘友涛 Chicken feed and preparation method thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103431168A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-12-11 刘友涛 Chicken feed and preparation method thereof

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