CN102213138B - Elliptical sliding vane type engine - Google Patents

Elliptical sliding vane type engine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102213138B
CN102213138B CN2011101379632A CN201110137963A CN102213138B CN 102213138 B CN102213138 B CN 102213138B CN 2011101379632 A CN2011101379632 A CN 2011101379632A CN 201110137963 A CN201110137963 A CN 201110137963A CN 102213138 B CN102213138 B CN 102213138B
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China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
chute
sliding
cylindrical rotor
slide plate
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CN2011101379632A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102213138A (en
Inventor
郎槟
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郎槟
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Priority to CN201110084071 priority
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Priority to CN2011101379632A priority patent/CN102213138B/en
Publication of CN102213138A publication Critical patent/CN102213138A/en
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Publication of CN102213138B publication Critical patent/CN102213138B/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/10Internal combustion engine [ICE] based vehicles
    • Y02T10/17Non-reciprocating piston engines, e.g. rotating motors

Abstract

The invention relates to an elliptical sliding vane type engine which belongs to the technical field of spark ignition engines. An elliptical columnar air cylinder is arranged in an air cylinder of the elliptical sliding vane type engine, and a cylindrical rotor installed in the air cylinder is tangent to the corresponding position of a short shaft of the elliptical columnar air cylinder; two sliding chutes are arranged on the cylindrical rotor, sliding vanes are arranged in the sliding chutes, a sliding cap is arranged at the ends of the sliding vanes, which are in contact with the elliptical columnar air cylinder, and rollers are respectively arranged at two sides of the other ends of the sliding vanes; when the cylindrical rotor rotates, the sliding cap at the ends of the sliding vanes slides on the inner wall of the elliptical columnar air cylinder, and the rollers roll on cams to complete the working cycle of an air intake process, a fuel feeding process, a compression process, an ignition process, combustion and work application processes and exhausting and scavenging processes. The elliptical sliding vane type engine provided by the invention has the advantages of simple structure and convenience for manufacture, various gas fuels can be burnt, and especially, the engine has strong adaptability to pollution-free hydrogen fuel.

Description

A kind of oval sliding vane type engine

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of oval sliding vane type engine, belong to the ignition type engine technical field.

Background technique

Engine technology is century-old mature technology, especially a reciprocating engine of accumulation, and its efficient and environmental protection have had suitable degree of perfection.And the rotary engine of Japan also is to be a dark horse, it to future free of contamination hydrogen engine one sincere feeling is arranged and just kinetic potential.But reciprocating engine is also high with the big noise of volume, the structure upper stress require high with and complicated and be celebrated.Development for rotary engine also is one tunnel frustration, because its manufacturing process is complicated, because very complicated and not universal, this motor does not have advantage to maintenance technique yet on efficient, can't instead of piston formula motor yet.And oval sliding vane type engine is to start with from moment research, accelerates detonation velocity through increasing ignition point, and the rotating speed that strengthens motor improves the power of motor, especially to flammable gaseous fuel, very high performance effect is arranged.And this engine structure is simple, and manufacturing process is uncomplicated, and volume ratio is much smaller with the reciprocating engine of power, can also use heat-resisting lightweight material manufacturing, and in the future also potential to free of contamination hydrogen fuel, advantage is better than piston type and rotor motor.

Summary of the invention

In order to overcome the problem that exists in the existing technology, the present invention provides a kind of oval sliding vane type engine.This motor should be simple in structure, and is easily manufactured, and burning multiple gases fuel especially also should have very strong adaptability to free of contamination hydrogen fuel.

The technological scheme that the present invention adopts is: a kind of oval sliding vane type engine, it mainly comprises cylinder block, cylindrical rotor, intake duct, air outlet flue, fuel nozzle and a spark plug.It also comprises a cam; Said cylinder block adopts an elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder; Cam is fixedly mounted in the cam chamber of elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder two ends end cap; The long axis direction of cam is consistent with the long axis direction of elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder, and a corresponding position that is installed in interior cylindrical rotor of cylinder block and elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder minor axis is tangent; On cylindrical rotor, be provided with the first passage and the second channel that becomes knuckle of one first chute, second chute, one-tenth knuckle, the side that angle is little between first chute and second chute is provided with first passage, and the side that angle is big is provided with second channel; In chute, be provided with slide plate, the contact jaw of slide plate and elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder is provided with a sliding cap, and the both sides of the other end respectively are provided with a roller; When cylindrical rotor rotates; The sliding cap of slide plate end slides on the inwall of elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder; Roller rolls on cam; Accomplish the work cycle of intake process, fuel supply, compression process, igniting, burning work done process and the exhaust scavenging process of said oval sliding vane type engine, power is through the output of the output shaft on the cylindrical rotor.

Angle between said first chute and second chute is the 50-70 degree.

Two first passages and second channel respectively are set on said axial direction at cylindrical rotor.

On the sense of rotation of said cylindrical rotor, a main slide plate is installed in first chute, main slide plate is provided with a main sliding cap and two main rollers, and a secondary slide plate is installed in second chute, and secondary slide plate is provided with a secondary sliding cap and two secondary rollers.

The width of said main roller is two times of secondary roller width.

Said cam is two times corresponding to fuel injection and compression process one end thickness corresponding to the thickness of burning work done process one end.

Center at said elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder; By counterclockwise; At first on the cylinder block between ellipse short shaft and the major axis, intake duct is set; On transverse corresponding cylinder body, fuel nozzle is set, on ellipse short shaft relative and the cylinder block between the major axis, spark plug is set again, at last on the cylinder block of the opposite side of intake duct adjacent ellipses minor axis, air outlet flue is set with intake duct.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: an elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder is set in the cylinder block of this oval sliding vane type engine, and a corresponding position that is installed in interior cylindrical rotor of cylinder block and elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder minor axis is tangent; On cylindrical rotor, be provided with two chutes, in chute, be provided with slide plate, the contact jaw of slide plate and elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder is provided with a sliding cap, and the both sides of the other end respectively are provided with a roller; When cylindrical rotor rotates; The sliding cap of slide plate end slides on the inwall of elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder; Roller rolls on cam, accomplishes the work cycle of intake process, fuel supply, compression process, igniting, burning work done process and the exhaust scavenging process of motor.This is simple in structure, and is easily manufactured, and burning multiple gases fuel especially also has very strong adaptability to free of contamination hydrogen fuel.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a kind of intake process schematic representation of oval sliding vane type engine.

Fig. 2 is a kind of fuel injection process schematic representation of oval sliding vane type engine.

Fig. 3 is a kind of compression process schematic representation of oval sliding vane type engine.

Fig. 4 is a kind of igniting process schematic representation of oval sliding vane type engine.

Fig. 5 is a kind of work done process schematic representation of oval sliding vane type engine.

Fig. 6 is a kind of exhaust process schematic representation of oval sliding vane type engine.

Among the figure: 1, cylinder block, 1a, intake duct, 1b, air outlet flue, 1c, elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder, 2, cylindrical rotor; 2a, first chute, 2b, second chute, 2c, first passage, 2d, second channel, 3, cam; 4, main slide plate, 4a, main sliding cap, 4b, main roller, 5, secondary slide plate; 5a, secondary sliding cap, 5b, secondary roller, 6, fuel nozzle, 7, spark plug.

Embodiment

Fig. 1-6 shows a kind of structure and fundamental diagram of oval sliding vane type engine.Among the figure, oval sliding vane type engine mainly comprises a cylinder block 1, cylindrical rotor 2, cam 3, intake duct 1a, air outlet flue 1b, fuel nozzle 6 and spark plug 7.Cylinder block 1 adopts an elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder 1c; Cam 3 is fixedly mounted in the cam chamber of elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder 1c two ends end cap; The long axis direction of cam 3 is consistent with the long axis direction of elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder 1c, and a cylindrical rotor 2 that is installed in the cylinder block 1 is tangent with the corresponding position of elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder 1c minor axis.On cylindrical rotor 2, be provided with the first passage 2c and the second channel 2d that becomes knuckle of one first chute 2a, the second chute 2b, one-tenth knuckle; Angle between the first chute 2a and the second chute 2b is 60 degree; In this 60 degree angular range; Axial direction along cylindrical rotor 2 is provided with two first passage 2c, in 300 degree angular range, along the axial direction of cylindrical rotor 2 two second channel 2d is set.On the sense of rotation of cylindrical rotor 2; A main slide plate 4 is installed in first chute; Main slide plate 4 is provided with a main sliding cap 4a and two main roller 4b, and a secondary slide plate 5 is installed in second chute, and secondary slide plate 5 is provided with a secondary sliding cap 5a and two secondary roller 5b.The width of main roller 4b is two times of secondary roller 5b width; Corresponding, cam 3 is two times corresponding to fuel injection and compression process one end thickness corresponding to the thickness of burning work done process one end.Center at elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder 1c; By counterclockwise; Intake duct 1a at first is set on the cylinder block between ellipse short shaft and the major axis 1; On transverse corresponding cylinder body 1, fuel nozzle 6 is set, on ellipse short shaft relative and the cylinder block 1 between the major axis, spark plug 7 is set again, at last on the cylinder block 1 of the opposite side of intake duct 1a adjacent ellipses minor axis, air outlet flue 1b is set with intake duct 1a.When cylindrical rotor 2 rotations; The sliding cap of slide plate end slides on the inwall of elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder 1c; Main roller 4b and secondary roller 5b roll on cam 3; Accomplish the work cycle of intake process, fuel supply, compression process, igniting, burning work done process and the exhaust scavenging process of oval sliding vane type engine, power is through the output of the output shaft on the cylindrical rotor 2.

The working principle of this motor is following:

A) intake process: as shown in Figure 1, main slide plate 4 along rotation counterclockwise, begins air inlet through suction port 1a from 270 degree, slips over suction port 1a up to secondary slide plate 5 and is over, and intake process is accomplished.

B) fuel supply: as shown in Figure 2, fuel nozzle 6 begins to supply with gasoline or inflammable gas, and cylindrical rotor 2 is rotated further.

C) compression process: as shown in Figure 3, it is not obvious that the compression stroke of this motor embodies, volume compression 2-4 doubly; So need not consume too big energy yet; When main slide plate 4 was spent through 90, the volume of gas continued to diminish, but gas can not flow along the outer wall of cylindrical rotor 2; But the first passage 2c from cylindrical rotor 2 continues to move ahead; Slip over 90 at main slide plate 4 and form a space again when spending, the gas that has had combustion gas begins to get into this space through the first passage 2c on the cylindrical rotor 2, for further work is prepared.

D). igniting: as shown in Figure 3, spend near 150 when main slide plate 4, when secondary slide plate 5 was spent near 90, this space was sealed, and spark plug 7 is lighted flammable pressurized gas.

E) burning work done process: as shown in Figure 5; In seal container, having only main slide plate 4 is movably, and its thrust is that the area that main slide plate 4 is showed in this container is taken advantage of explosion pressure; Pressure in this container rapidly increases to 8 to 13 times; Pressurized gas promote main slide plate 4 and continue rotation, and its pressure is to reduce along with the continuous expansion of volume, the area of also in this volume, being showed along with slide plate and changing.And secondary slide plate 5 is after turning over 90 degree; Because the effect of cam 3 and space pressure is also contracted in rotor 2b; So just making combustion gas have bigger space to expand does work; When main slide plate 4 forwards 250 to when spending, during the chances are the igniting of the volume of its expansion 7 to 9 times of volume, pressure also drops to 0.2-0.5MPa.

F). the exhaust scavenging process: as shown in Figure 6, when main slide plate 4 rotations were spent above 250, main slide plate 4 got into relief openings; The relief opening of 20 radians can be reduced to expanding gas near atmospheric pressure rapidly; When main slide plate 4 forwards 270 to when spending, pressure exhaust is over, and begins to get into intake process.When main slide plate 4 is crossed 270 degree entering intake duct 1a, owing on the cylindrical rotor 2 two first passage 2c are arranged, slide between 275 to 330 degree at main slide plate 4, there is a spot of waste gas to get into intake duct, lack owing to measure, can not influence the air inlet quality, can ignore.Just begin to carry out the air inlet state at main slide plate 4; When secondary slide plate 5 also begins to stretch out rotor rollaway nest and is ready to complete air inlet under the effect of cam 3; The air in the another side space of main slide plate 4 is promoted by main slide plate 4, and gas enters into the firing chamber of burning expansion just along the vent of the another side of cylindrical rotor 2, blows away whole waste gas of the inside; While is the cooling combustion chamber also, has so just accomplished a work cycle of sliding rotary engine.

This sliding vane type engine is compared maximum characteristics with reciprocating engine be that compression ratio is little, and relative explosion pressure is little, but the thrust of outburst is vertically to give power along the radius of rotor all the time in this motor; And it is stressed even than reciprocating engine; The angular range of acting also close (from theory, reciprocating engine 720 degree actings 180 degree, and oval sliding vane type engine 360 degree acting 95-100 degree); Stress surface during acting big (big or small with air displacement) with piston type; So the output of engine shaft is changeed apart from not little, the commentaries on classics of motor is little apart from the impact amplitude, shakes little.Aspect startup, because compression ratio is little, do not need too big commentaries on classics distance during startup, the motor slide plate is accomplished an acting within 360 degree, can get angry once enclosing, so this motor needs energy seldom just can start when starting.The cooling aspect, in one-period, motor has individual scavenging function, mainly is the combustion cylinder cooling to motor, add that the shell of motor has cooling liquid further to cool off, and the cooling of slide plate and rotor is by accomplishing at the lubricating oil of rotor center part.The control of igniter is by the control of the rotational position of motor, and feeding and controlling of fuel also is that position by motor is controlled.Say that from material the slide plate of this motor should adopt high temperature resistant, the warping resistance degree is high, and is wear-resisting, and good seal performance has the material of self-lubricating function, like the silicon nitride high strength ceramic material.Control from integral body, the control of this motor is its exclusive effect of competence exertion precisely, preferably by industrial chip computer control.

Claims (1)

1. oval sliding vane type engine; It comprises a cylinder block (1), cylindrical rotor (2), intake duct (1a), air outlet flue (1b), fuel nozzle (6) and spark plug (7); It also comprises a cam (3); Said cylinder block (1) adopts an elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder (1c); Cam (3) is fixedly mounted in the cam chamber of elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder (1c) two ends end cap, and the long axis direction of cam (3) is consistent with the long axis direction of elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder (1c), and a cylindrical rotor (2) that is installed in the cylinder block (1) is tangent with the corresponding position of elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder (1c) minor axis; Center at said elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder (1c); By counterclockwise; Intake duct (1a) at first is set on the cylinder block between ellipse short shaft and the major axis (1); Fuel nozzle (6) is set on transverse corresponding cylinder body (1), on ellipse short shaft relative and the cylinder block between the major axis (1), spark plug (7) is set again, on the cylinder block (1) of the opposite side of intake duct (1a) adjacent ellipses minor axis, air outlet flue (1b) is set at last with intake duct (1a); On cylindrical rotor (2), be provided with the first passage (2c) and the second channel that becomes knuckle (2d) of one first chute (2a), second chute (2b), one-tenth knuckle; The little side of angle is provided with first passage (2c) between first chute (2a) and second chute (2b); The side that angle is big is provided with second channel (2d), and the angle between first chute (2a) and second chute (2b) is the 50-70 degree; In first chute (2a) and second chute (2b), be equipped with slide plate, the contact jaw of slide plate and elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder (1c) is provided with a sliding cap, and the both sides of the other end respectively are provided with a roller; On the sense of rotation of said cylindrical rotor (2); A main slide plate (4) is installed in first chute (2a); Main slide plate (4) is provided with a main sliding cap (4a) and two main rollers (4b); A secondary slide plate (5) is installed in second chute (2b), and secondary slide plate (5) is provided with a secondary sliding cap (5a) and two secondary rollers (5b); When cylindrical rotor (2) rotates; The sliding cap of slide plate end slides on the inwall of elliptical cylinder-shape cylinder (1c); Roller is gone up at cam (3) and is rolled; Accomplish the work cycle of intake process, fuel supply, compression process, igniting, burning work done process and the exhaust scavenging process of said oval sliding vane type engine, power is through the output of the output shaft on the cylindrical rotor (2); It is characterized in that: at said two first passages (2c) and the second channel (2d) of on the axial direction of cylindrical rotor (2), respectively being provided with; The width of said main roller (4b) is two times of secondary roller (5b) width; Said cam (3) is two times corresponding to fuel supply, compression process one end thickness corresponding to the thickness of igniting, burning work done process one end.
CN2011101379632A 2011-04-06 2011-05-17 Elliptical sliding vane type engine CN102213138B (en)

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CN201110084071.0 2011-04-06
CN201110084071 2011-04-06
CN2011101379632A CN102213138B (en) 2011-04-06 2011-05-17 Elliptical sliding vane type engine

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103216319B (en) * 2013-04-01 2015-09-02 江苏大学 A kind of jet pipe of igniting, rotor and motor for accelerating rotary engine burning
CN107448281A (en) * 2017-08-13 2017-12-08 周信城 Oval engine

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3528139A1 (en) * 1985-08-06 1987-02-12 Manfred Becker Internal combustion engine
RU2004137076A (en) * 2004-12-20 2006-05-27 Руслан Казбекович Темираев (RU) Rotary plate device
DE102009017618A1 (en) * 2009-04-16 2010-10-21 Zwetkow, Zwetko, Dipl.-Ing. Rotary valve-internal combustion engine for use in e.g. gas turbine, for transforming pressure energy into rotating motion, has slide valves comprising two slide valve elements, and functional cells separated from each other
CN101994566A (en) * 2009-08-11 2011-03-30 天津工程师范学院 Double-blade rotary motor

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU2010237566B2 (en) * 2009-04-16 2014-08-14 Korona Group Ltd. Rotary machine with roller controlled vanes

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3528139A1 (en) * 1985-08-06 1987-02-12 Manfred Becker Internal combustion engine
RU2004137076A (en) * 2004-12-20 2006-05-27 Руслан Казбекович Темираев (RU) Rotary plate device
DE102009017618A1 (en) * 2009-04-16 2010-10-21 Zwetkow, Zwetko, Dipl.-Ing. Rotary valve-internal combustion engine for use in e.g. gas turbine, for transforming pressure energy into rotating motion, has slide valves comprising two slide valve elements, and functional cells separated from each other
CN101994566A (en) * 2009-08-11 2011-03-30 天津工程师范学院 Double-blade rotary motor

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