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CN102202972B - Free fall simulator - Google Patents

Free fall simulator Download PDF

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CN102202972B
CN102202972B CN 200980135745 CN200980135745A CN102202972B CN 102202972 B CN102202972 B CN 102202972B CN 200980135745 CN200980135745 CN 200980135745 CN 200980135745 A CN200980135745 A CN 200980135745A CN 102202972 B CN102202972 B CN 102202972B
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free
fall
simulator
free fall
fall simulator
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CN 200980135745
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102202972A (en )
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鲍里斯·奈尔
曼纽尔·道尔
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室内跳伞博特罗普股份有限公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64DEQUIPMENT FOR FITTING IN OR TO AIRCRAFT; FLYING SUITS; PARACHUTES; ARRANGEMENTS OR MOUNTING OF POWER PLANTS OR PROPULSION TRANSMISSIONS IN AIRCRAFT
    • B64D23/00Training of parachutists
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63GMERRY-GO-ROUNDS; SWINGS; ROCKING-HORSES; CHUTES; SWITCHBACKS; SIMILAR DEVICES FOR PUBLIC AMUSEMENT
    • A63G31/00Amusement arrangements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63GMERRY-GO-ROUNDS; SWINGS; ROCKING-HORSES; CHUTES; SWITCHBACKS; SIMILAR DEVICES FOR PUBLIC AMUSEMENT
    • A63G31/00Amusement arrangements
    • A63G2031/005Skydiving

Abstract

本发明涉及一种具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器。 The present invention relates to a free fall simulator independent air circuit. 所述自由落体模拟器包括:悬浮室,人员在所述悬浮室中能够由于被竖直向上定向的气流而悬浮,所述悬浮室包括在下端部的下部开口和在上端部的上部开口;包括有至少一个风扇的大致封闭的空气导向通道,所述通道连接所述悬浮室的下部开口与上部开口;用于空气导向通道内的空气交换的至少一个空气入口和至少一个空气出口;重定向构件,特别是重定向薄板,其在角部区域或者在具有高的曲率的区域重定向空气导向通道中的气流,其中至少一个空气出口配置在所述重定向构件中。 The free fall simulator comprising: a suspension chamber, since the art can be oriented vertically upward flow of the suspension are suspended in a chamber, said chamber comprising a suspension in a lower portion of the lower opening and the upper portion of the upper end portion of the opening; comprising At least one substantially closed air fan guide channel, the channel connecting the lower chamber of the suspension and opening of the upper opening; at least one air inlet for air in the air passage switching guide and at least one air outlet; redirection member , in particular redirecting lamellae, which redirect the airflow or air guide channel in the region having a high curvature in the corner regions, wherein the at least one air outlet disposed in the redirection member.

Description

自由落体模拟器 Free fall simulator

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及包括独立(Slef-contained)的空气回路的自由落体模拟器和用于风道的、特别地用于自由落体模拟器的通气装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a free fall simulator independent air circuit (Slef-contained) and an air passage, venting means in particular for the free fall simulator.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 包括独立的空气回路的自由落体模拟器是一种适用于以通常而言可控的方式将人员保持在上下通风气流中的悬浮位置的一种装置,该上下通风气流通过悬浮室。 [0002] separate air circuit simulator is a free fall in a controlled manner suitable for the general staff to maintain an apparatus in the vertical position of the ventilation airflow in the suspension, the suspension flow through the upper and lower ventilation chamber. 在排出悬浮室的上部开口之后,气流经由空气导向通道被重定向到的悬浮室的下部开口,从而以这样的方式形成独立的空气回路。 After the upper portion of the discharge opening of the suspension chamber, the gas flow is redirected to the lower portion of the air guide channel through the opening of the suspension chamber, so as to form an independent air circuit in such a manner.

[0003] 这些所谓的封闭型自由落体模拟器的通常效果在于:由于压力损失,模拟器中的空气被加热,导致了各种问题。 [0003] These so-called closed-type effect is generally free fall simulator: pressure loss, the simulator air is heated, resulting in various problems. 在一方面,可以理解空气的过热会使使用模拟器的人员感觉不适,或者如果过热相当严重,则可能会伤及人员的健康。 In one aspect, it is understood superheated air will make use of simulators who feel unwell or if overheating is very serious, it may adversely affect the health personnel. 另一方面,空气的加热降低了空气的密度,进而也减小了保持悬浮人员平衡的力。 On the other hand, heated air reduces the density of the air, and thus also reduces the holding force personnel suspension balance. 总体上,由于需要密集地邻接配置风扇和根据需要能够打开的通风构件,增加了控制花费。 In general, the need to densely arranged adjacent to the fan and the ventilation member according to the need to be able to open, increasing the cost of the control.

[0004] 已经提出了若干建议,用于减少刚才所述的缺点。 [0004] Several suggestions have been proposed for reducing the disadvantages just described.

[0005] EP 19 64 776 Al不出了一种自由落体模拟器,在该自由落体模拟器中能够借助于所产生的气流在竖直区域中提升人员。 [0005] EP 19 64 776 Al not a free fall simulator, in which the gas flow by means of free fall simulator generated in the art to enhance the vertical area. 在本情况中,弯曲的再循环通道由展示出高的热传导性的材料构造成。 In the present case, the curved recirculation channel configured by a material having a high thermal conductivity is exhibited. 另外,冷却水回路使自由落体模拟器中的温度适中。 Further, the temperature of the cooling water circuit moderate freefall simulator. 与这样的温度调整相关联的,是受限的材料选择和复杂化。 Adjustment associated with such a temperature, the material selection is limited and complicated.

[0006] 在EP I 539 572 BI中示出了减小封闭型自由落体模拟器的上述常见问题的另一种方式。 [0006] Another way in EP I 539 572 BI illustrated in the above-described problems common to reduce the free fall simulator is closed. 这里,说明了一种用于伞兵或者持证竞赛者的用于各种学习、教育和训练目的的自由落体模拟器。 Here, the free fall simulator for parachutists or certified competitors for a variety of learning, education and training purposes. 为减小空气由于螺旋桨式风扇的运行而产生的过热,在穹顶(dome)的上部设置有新鲜空气进气口。 To reduce the overfire air due to the operation of the propeller fan produced in the upper dome (Dome) is provided with a fresh air intake port. 多个排气扇确保了空气通气,并且使得可以进一步控制飞行模拟器的温度。 A plurality of air ventilation fan is ensured, and further makes it possible to control the temperature of the flight simulator. 因此,即用所称的主动空气交换器,这意味着额外的机器即排气扇被用以保证空气交换。 Therefore, even with the alleged active air exchange, which means an extra exhaust fan is a machine that is used to ensure air exchange. 这导致能耗提高,并且与排气扇的制造成本一起,产生了相当大的额外的财务花费。 This leads to increased energy consumption, and exhaust fan and manufacturing costs together, resulting in a considerable additional financial cost.

[0007] 在WO 2006/012647 A2中说明了一种所称的被动空气交换器。 [0007] describes a passive air exchange call in the WO 2006/012647 A2. 该现有技术的自由落体模拟器具有大致矩形的构造,其中悬浮室设置在第一竖直部中,在第一竖直部后设置处于下游端的第一水平部,两个风扇设置于所述第一水平部用以产生气流。 The prior art generally rectangular configuration having a free fall simulator, wherein the suspension upright portion disposed in the first chamber, the first horizontal portion is provided at a downstream end portion in the first vertical, two fan disposed in said a first portion for generating horizontal airflow. 第一水平部后设置第二竖直部,用以将气流重定向朝向底部区域。 A first horizontal portion after the second vertical portion is provided to redirect the air stream towards the bottom region. 在第二竖直部中,安装有入口门和出口门以使流动截面变窄并形成喷射口。 In the second vertical portion attached to the inlet and exit gates and forming the flow cross section narrows injection port. 由此在通道的内部空间和外部空间之间形成压力梯度,从而发生空气交换,并由此使温度适中。 Thereby forming a space between the inner space and outer passage pressure gradient, whereby air exchange occurs, and thereby moderate the temperature. 该自由落体模拟器的缺点在于,由于通过入口门和出口门使流动截面收缩,流动速度在这些门的区域内进一步增大,使空气摩擦增大,产生额外的热。 A disadvantage of this is that the free fall simulator, since the entrance and exit gates contraction of the flow cross-section, the flow rate is further increased in the region of the doors, the air friction increases, additional heat is generated. 另外,由于入口门和出口门处在气流中,所以所述入口门和出口门承受极其高的压力。 Further, since the entrance and exit gates in the gas stream, so that the entrance and exit gates to withstand extremely high pressures. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 本发明是基于提出一种自由落体模拟器和用于风道的、特别地用于自由落体模拟器的通气装置的任务,其中有效地并且低成本地降低了内部温度。 [0008] The present invention is based is to provide a simulator for free fall duct, in particular for task free fall simulator ventilation means, wherein the effective low cost and lowering the internal temperature. 通过根据权利要求1和权利要求24的自由落体模拟器、和根据权利要求27的通气装置完成了该任务。 By requiring a free fall simulator 24, and the breather device according to claim 27 to complete the task according to claim 1 and claims.

[0009] 根据第一方面,特别地通过一种具有独立的空气回路的自由落体模拟器完成该任务,所述自由落体模拟器包括:悬浮室,人员在所述悬浮室中能够由于被竖直向上定向的气流而悬浮,所述悬浮室包括在下端部的下部开口和在上端部的上部开口;大致封闭的空气导向通道,其包括有至少一个风扇,所述通道连接所述悬浮室的下部开口与上部开口;至少一个空气入口和至少一个空气出口,其用于所述空气导向通道内的空气交换;重定向构件,特别是重定向薄板,其在角部区域或者在具有高的曲率的区域重定向所述空气导向通道中的气流,其中至少一个空气出口配置在所述重定向构件中。 [0009] According to a first aspect, in particular by means of a circuit having a separate air free fall simulator accomplish this, the free fall simulator comprising: a suspension chamber, since the art can be suspended vertically in the chamber upwardly directed air flow and suspended in said suspension chamber comprising a lower opening and a lower end portion of the upper portion of the upper end portion of the opening; substantially closed air guide channel, which comprises at least one fan, said channel connecting the lower chamber of the suspension opening and an upper opening; at least one air inlet and at least one air outlet for air within the air guide passage switching; redirection member, in particular redirecting lamellae, which have a high curvature or in the corner region redirection of the airflow area of ​​the air guide channel, wherein the at least one air outlet disposed in the redirection member.

[0010] 本发明的着重点在于空气出口被精确地配置于布置空气重定向构件的位置处,所述空气重定向构件对于封闭型自由落体模拟器的操作是必须的。 [0010] The focus of the present invention is that the air outlet is arranged to be arranged accurately at the position to redirect the air member, the member for redirection closed air free fall simulator operation is necessary. 由于在各个区域中以巧妙的方式利用作用于气流的离心力,从而不需要构造特别的空气偏转构件来将一部分气流引导到通道的外部。 Since the respective regions in a clever way the centrifugal force acting on the gas flow, so that no special configuration of the air deflection member to a portion of the airflow external to the channel. 由此实现对于自由落体模拟器的内部空气的有效并且节能的冷却。 Thereby achieving efficient and energy for cooling the inside air of the free fall simulator.

[0011] 优选地,排出空气出口的气流能够通过改变空气出口的截面积面积而可变地调节。 [0011] Preferably, the variable can be adjusted by changing the cross-sectional area of ​​the air outlet area of ​​the air outlet of the exhaust gas stream. 这样允许对比如温度或者气压的外部影响产生反应。 This allows such external effects generating reaction temperature or pressure in.

[0012] 在优选的实施方式中,可枢转和/或可移动的闭合装置被关联于空气出口,以用于改变排出气流。 [0012] In a preferred embodiment, the pivotable and / or movable closure means are associated with the air outlet for changing the exhaust gas stream. 由此可以特别简单地改变排出气流。 Thereby a particularly simple changing the discharge stream.

[0013] 如果设置重定向薄板用于重定向气流,则用于改变排出气流的一个重定向薄板优选地是可枢转和/或可移动的。 [0013] If the sheet for redirecting airflow redirection, the redirector for changing a sheet exhaust gas stream is preferably pivotable and / or movable. 因此,重定向薄板完成双重功能,即,一方面是重定向部分气流,另一方面是偏转部分气流,这样产生了额外的组件过剩,由此能够节约成本。 Thus, redirecting lamellae complete dual function, on the one hand is to redirect part of the airflow, on the other hand part of the flow is deflected, so that surplus generated additional components, whereby cost can be saved.

[0014] 优选地,并且在设置重定向薄板用于重定向气流时,至少一个重定向薄板,优选地全部重定向薄板在径向方向上可移动。 [0014] Preferably, and when the sheet is provided for redirecting airflow redirection, the redirection of at least a sheet, the sheet preferably all redirection is movable in a radial direction. 径向移动在结构上比较简单,并且以节约空间的方式收容移动后的薄板。 Radial movement is relatively simple in structure, and housed in a space-saving manner after moving the sheet.

[0015] 优选地,所述至少一个薄板形成为与所述空气导向通道的开口相对应,这样使得所述开口能够由于所述至少一个重定向薄板的径向移动而打开或关闭。 [0015] Preferably, the at least one sheet is formed with the opening of the air guide channel correspond so that the opening can be opened or closed at least a redirection due to the radial movement of the sheet. 一个重定向薄板的这样的移动形成改变气流的另外的手段(opportunity)。 Such a redirection moving sheet form additional change in the airflow means (opportunity).

[0016] 在特别地优选的另一个开发例中,多个重定向薄板作为整体能够分散地在径向上移动,优选地移动过与两个相邻重定向薄板的径向间距相对应的长度,这样使得所述开口在移动操作之前和之后由一个重定向薄板闭合。 [0016], the sheet can be dispersed more redirection movable in the development of another particularly preferred embodiment as a whole in the radial direction, preferably radially moved distance of the two adjacent redirecting lamellae length corresponding, such that the opening movement operation before and after the redirection is closed by a thin plate. 这使得即使没有额外的组件或者措施,也能够向外偏移一个或多个重定向薄板,而不会导致压力损失。 This makes it even without additional components or steps, it is possible to redirect one or more outwardly biased sheet without causing the pressure loss.

[0017] 优选地,能够在如下区域中控制气压:可以移出所述空气导向通道的重定向薄板能够被引入该区域,从而经由比如裂隙、裂缝等保留的开口进一步使压力损失最小化。 [0017] Preferably, in a region can be controlled air pressure: sheet may be removed to redirect the air guide passage can be introduced into the region, thus further opening the pressure loss through such fissures, cracks and other reserved minimized. 归因于本实施方式,通过简单的结构并且有效的方式,使由于重定向薄板的移动产生的压损最小化。 Due to the present embodiment, by a simple structure and efficient way, so that pressure loss due to movement of the redirection sheet are minimized.

[0018] 优选地,所述空气出口包括漏斗状空气出口扩散器。 [0018] Preferably, the funnel-shaped air outlet comprises an air diffuser outlet. 这便于气流的排出部分的排出。 This facilitates the discharge portion of the exhaust gas stream.

[0019] 在另一个优选实施方式中,所述空气入口的用于改变流入气流的至少一个闭合装置被形成为可枢转的和/或可移动的,特别地被形成为可向外枢转。 [0019] In another preferred embodiment, the air stream flowing into the inlet for changing the at least one closure device is formed as a pivotable and / or movable, in particular is formed to be outwardly pivotable . 由此,可以通过简单的方式控制进入空气的量,另外也间接地实现了控制排出空气的量,由此也实现了控制整个气流容积的对外散热,该整个气流容积在静态时为常量。 Thus, in a simple manner it can be controlled by the amount of air entering, additionally achieved indirectly control the amount of exhaust air, thereby also achieve control of the entire volume of external cooling air flow, the air flow volume as a constant in the whole static.

[0020] 所述空气入口和/或所述空气出口优选地配置于所述空气导向通道的上部。 [0020] The air inlet and / or the air outlet is preferably disposed in an upper portion of the air guide channel. 当所述空气入口配置在所述空气导向通道的上部时,加热的空气在排出所述空气导向通道之后被引导离开所述空气导向通道,这是因为加热的空气总是向上升的。 When the air after the air inlet disposed on an upper portion of the guide channel, the heated air in the air exhaust guide passage is directed away from the air guide passage, since the heated air is always rising.

[0021] 优选地,所述空气入口在空间上与所述空气出口分开,使得排出空气不能再由所述空气入口吸入,这特别地能够通过空气屏障来实现。 [0021] Preferably, the air inlet separated in space and the air outlet, so that the exhaust air is no longer sucked by the air inlet, which in particular can be achieved by an air barrier.

[0022] 所述空气入口的闭合装置和/或所述空气出口的闭合装置优选地能够电子控制或者电子调节,其中所述空气入口的闭合装置和所述空气出口的闭合装置特别地能够彼此同步。 [0022] The air inlet closure means and / or the air outlet closing means is preferably capable of electronic control or electronic regulation, wherein the air inlet and the air outlet closing means closing device in particular can be synchronized with each other . 使用电子控制或者电子调节,能够以特别地精确的方式控制或调节排出气流或者进入气流。 Electronic control or electronic regulation can be controlled or regulated exhaust gas stream into the gas stream or in a particularly precise manner. 在本示例中,当两种所述闭合装置同步时,实现了极其有效的空气交换。 In the present example, when the synchronization of the two closure means, to achieve an extremely efficient air exchange.

[0023] 特别地,在入口构件和/或出口构件的闭合装置能够电子控制或电子调节的情况中,优选地设置测量装置以用于测量比如特别地容积流的温度、流速或空气湿度等的各种参数,测量装置所获得的测量值优选地提供给闭合装置的电子控制或电子调节。 [0023] In particular, in the case of the inlet component and / or the closure member outlet means capable of electronic control or electronic regulation, preferably provided measuring means for measuring temperature such as in particular the volume flow, the flow rate of air humidity or the like preferably measured values ​​of various parameters, obtained measuring device is supplied to the electronic control or electronic regulation of the closure device. 这使得特别地能够精确调节闭合装置,该操作的进行特别地独立于操作人员的主观印象,由此特别地良好适于各自的要求。 This makes it possible to accurately adjust the particular closure device, this operation is independent of the particular operator's subjective impression, whereby particularly well adapted to the respective requirements. 例如,对于增大的温度的测量能够使得自动增大出口和/或入口的截面积。 For example, for increasing the temperature measurement can be made automatically increases the outlet and / or cross-sectional area of ​​the inlet.

[0024] 在优选的另一个开发例中,设置四个风扇,所述四个风扇以正方形构造配置在优选地具有正方形截面的空气导向通道中。 [0024] In another preferred embodiment, development, four fans, the fan four square configuration arranged an air guide channel in a square cross section preferably. 由此,所述正方形构造指如下的四个风扇的构造:其中,该四个风扇的重心位于垂直于气流的平均流动方向的一个平面中。 Accordingly, as the square configuration refers to the configuration of the four fan: wherein, the center of gravity of the four fans are located in a plane perpendicular to the average flow direction of the gas flow. 本配置的优点在于实现了特别地同质的气流分布。 Advantage of this configuration is to achieve a particularly homogeneous distribution of the airflow.

[0025] 所述风扇优选在形成在所述空气导向通道的竖直部中。 The [0025] The fan is preferably formed in the vertical portion of the air guide channel. 由此,要考虑到比如在主题公园中对于可用的地面空间的限制。 Thus, taking into account such limitation of available floor space in the theme park. 由于包括所需要的输送管线和排出管线的风扇在流动方向上具有较长的延伸段,因此如下是有意义的:将所述较长的延伸段插入竖直结构中,使得利用了在任意情况由于悬浮室而必须的自由落体模拟器的高度,并且对于地面空间的需求被降低至最小。 Because of the needed transport and discharge lines of a fan having a longer extension in the flow direction, so it makes sense as follows: the longer extension inserted into the vertical structure, so that in any case the use of Since the suspension of the free fall simulator chamber have a height, and is reduced to a minimum the need for floor space. 附带地,在本示例中,仍保留自由空间以用于在空气导向通道的上部优选地在其水平延伸的部分中安装空气出口和/或空气入口。 Incidentally, in this example, it remains a free space for the upper portion of the air guide channel is preferably mounted in the air outlet portion extending horizontally and / or the air inlet.

[0026] 在优选的实施方式中,悬浮室的底部区域形成为多边形,优选地形成十边形至十四边形,特别地形成为十二边形。 [0026] In a preferred embodiment, the bottom region of the suspension chamber a polygonal, preferably quadrilateral formed decagon to ten, in particular formed as a dodecagon. 该形状在悬浮室的最为“圆形”的形式可能性与悬浮室的相对不复杂并且不昂贵的玻璃/钢铁构造之间形成折衷。 The compromise between the best shape "circular" in the form of a suspension chamber with possibility of suspension chamber relatively uncomplicated and inexpensive glass / steel structure. 另外,能够较良好地锚固安全网。 In addition, it can be relatively well anchored safety net.

[0027] 优选地,所述悬浮室和/或在悬浮室之后的漏斗形扩散器的截面被构造成在向上的方向上扩展。 A cross-sectional [0027] Preferably, the suspension chamber and / or funnel-shaped diffuser after the suspension chamber is configured to extend in an upward direction. 当所述悬浮室构造为在向上的方向上扩展时,则作用于在悬浮室中悬浮人员的压力向上减小,从而形成防止悬浮人员达到高过特定极限的高度的安全机构。 When the suspension chamber configured to extend in an upward direction, the upward pressure applied to the reduced staff suspended in the suspension chamber, so as to form a suspension to prevent personnel safety mechanism reaches the height higher than the specific limit. 漏斗形的在向上的方向上扩展的扩散器的设置减小了流速,这同样也减小了形成中的摩擦热。 Funnel-shaped in the direction of upward extension of the diffuser reduces the flow rate is provided, which also reduces the frictional heat of formation.

[0028] 作为在向上的方向上扩展的悬浮室的替换例,所述悬浮室同样也能够具有在向上的方向上恒定的截面。 [0028] As an alternative embodiment extend in the upward direction of the suspension chamber, the chamber also can be suspended in an upward direction with a constant cross-section. 由此形成恒定的与高度无关的状态,这样最好地模拟了真实的自由落体的情况。 Thereby forming a constant height irrespective of the state, so that best simulate the real situation freefall. [0029] 优选地,所述悬浮室的截面和/或在所述悬浮室之后的漏斗形扩散器的截面从底部向顶部从高阶的多边形变化为低阶的多边形,特别地从十二边形变化为四边形。 [0029] Preferably the cross section, cross section and / or the funnel-shaped chamber suspended diffuser after the suspension from the bottom to the top chamber from the low order to high order polygons change polygonal, in particular from the dodecagon quadrangular shape change. 由此,能够成功地尽可能地以简单的方式将流动保持为层流,尽管对悬浮室的几何构造及空气导向通道的截面几何构造具有各种需求。 Accordingly, it is possible to successfully possible in a simple manner to maintain laminar flow, although the structure and geometry of the guide channel section of the air chamber has a suspension geometry needs.

[0030] 在优选实施方式中,在安全网悬挂部件上设置至少一个安全网,所述安全网用于保护悬浮室中的人员或者限制悬浮室,在所述安全网悬挂部上设有阻尼元件,以用于吸收振动。 [0030] In a preferred embodiment, a safety net is provided at least on the safety net hanging member, a safety net for protecting persons or suspension chamber limit suspension chamber, the damping element is provided on the safety net hanging portion , for absorbing vibrations. 振动吸收防止人员在跌落到安全网上时受伤。 Vibration absorption to prevent injury when dropped to a safe online.

[0031] 根据第二方面,另外借助于一种具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器完成上述的任务,其包括:悬浮室,人员在所述悬浮室中能够由于被竖直向上定向的气流而悬浮,所述悬浮室包括在下端部的下部开口和在上端部的上部开口;包括有至少一个风扇的大致封闭的空气导向通道,所述通道连接所述悬浮室的下部开口与上部开口;重定向构件,特别是重定向薄板,其在角部区域或者在具有高的曲率的区域重定向空气导向通道中的气流,至少一个重定向薄板能够通过冷却装置冷却。 [0031] According to a second aspect, further having a separate air circuit by means of a free fall simulator accomplish the above tasks, comprising: a suspension chamber, the person can be suspended since the chamber vertically upwardly directed air flow suspension, said suspension chamber comprising an opening in a lower portion of the lower end of the upper end and an opening in an upper portion; comprises at least a substantially closed air guide channel fan, a lower suspension connected to said chamber and the upper opening of said passage opening; weight orienting member, in particular redirecting lamellae, which redirect the airflow or air guide channel in the region having a high curvature in the corner regions, at least one redirect sheet can be cooled by the cooling means.

[0032] 根据本发明的第二方面的自由落体模拟器允许有效地降低自由落体模拟器内的温度,并且成本花费较低。 [0032] effectively reduce the temperature in allowing free fall simulator free fall simulator according to a second aspect of the present invention, less expensive and the cost. 特别地,可以制成非常低噪声的构造。 In particular, the structure can be made very low noise. 不需要空气气闸室(airlock)。 No air airlock (airlock). 根据本发明的第二方面的自由落体模拟器在温暖区域特别地有利,因为可以将内部空气冷却到外部温度之下。 Free fall simulator according to a second aspect of the present invention is particularly advantageous in the warm zone, because the internal air can be cooled to a temperature below the outside.

[0033] 优选地,至少一个重定向薄板具有中空空间,由冷却装置供给的冷却介质能够被引入到所述中空空间中。 [0033] Preferably, at least one redirecting lamella has a hollow space defined by the cooling medium supplied to the cooling means can be introduced into the hollow space. 由此,能够以结构上简单并且有效的方式冷却所述至少一个重定向薄板。 Accordingly, the structure can be cooled in a simple and efficient way to redirect the at least one sheet.

[0034] 在优选的实施方式中,至少一个重定向薄板由铝制成,特别地被制成为挤出铝板型(extruded aluminum profile)。 [0034] In a preferred embodiment, the at least one redirect sheet is made of aluminum, in particular is made of aluminum extruded type (extruded aluminum profile). 则能够容易地制造所述至少一个重定向薄板,并且所述至少一个重定向薄板适于有效地吸收并散去在自由落体模拟器内产生的热。 It is possible to easily manufacture the at least one redirect sheet, and at least one sheet is adapted to redirect and dissipate effectively absorb heat generated in the free fall simulator. 替代地,可以使用焊接的钢铁片材等。 Alternatively, welding steel sheet or the like.

[0035] 根据本发明第一方面的自由落体模拟器还可以与根据本发明第二方面的自由落体模拟器结合使用。 [0035] may also be used in connection with the free fall simulator according to a second aspect of the present invention, the free fall simulator according to a first aspect of the present invention.

[0036] 另外,借助于用于风道特别地用于自由落体模拟器的通气装置完成上述的任务,所述通气装置包括:一个空气入口和至少一个空气出口,用于风道内的空气交换;和重定向构件,特别地是重定向薄板,其在角部区域或者在具有高的曲率的区域重定向风道中的气流,其中至少一个空气出口配置在所述重定向构件中。 [0036] Further, by means of a duct for the free fall simulator in particular for the above tasks venting means, said venting means comprising: at least one air inlet and one air outlet for exchanging air within the duct; and redirection members, in particular a redirection sheet, either having high flow region redirection duct curvature in the corner region, wherein the at least one air outlet disposed in the redirection member.

[0037] 在从属权利要求中提出了其它的实施方式。 [0037] Other embodiments presented in the dependent claims.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0038] 下面,另外将基于示例性实施方式说明本发明的其它的特性和优点,将参考附图更为详细地说明示例性实施方式。 [0038] Next, a further description of the other features and advantages of the invention based on the exemplary embodiments, exemplary embodiments described in more detail with reference to the drawings. 在附图中: In the drawings:

[0039] 图1是根据本发明的自由落体模拟器的示意图; [0039] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram free fall simulator according to the present invention;

[0040] 图2是根据本发明的自由落体模拟器的特别实施方式的截面图; [0040] FIG. 2 is a sectional view of a particular embodiment of the free fall simulator according to the invention;

[0041] 图3是自由落体模拟器的替代实施方式的截面图; [0041] FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of an alternative embodiment of the free fall simulator;

[0042] 图4是自由落体模拟器的替代实施方式的示意图;[0043] 图5是自由落体模拟器的另外的替代实施方式的示意图; [0042] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of an alternative embodiment of the free fall simulator; [0043] FIG. 5 is a schematic view of another alternate embodiment of the free fall simulator;

[0044] 图6是自由落体模拟器的另外的替代实施方式的示意图; [0044] FIG. 6 is a schematic view of another alternate embodiment of the free fall simulator;

[0045] 图7是自由落体模拟器的另外的替代实施方式的示意图; [0045] FIG. 7 is a schematic view of another alternate embodiment of the free fall simulator;

[0046] 图8是替代实施方式中穿过包括前室(antechamber)的悬浮室的水平截面示意图。 [0046] FIG. 8 is an alternative embodiment comprises a front chamber through (antechamber) horizontal cross-sectional schematic view of the suspension chamber.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0047] 在下面的说明中,用同样的附图标记表示相同的组件或者具有等效效果的组件。 [0047] In the following description, the same components are denoted by the same reference numerals or components having equivalent effect.

[0048] 图1示出了具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其包括第一竖直部10、第二竖直部11和第一水平部12、第二水平部13。 [0048] FIG. 1 shows a free fall simulator air circuit which includes a first vertical portion 10, 11 and the second vertical portion 12, a second horizontal portion 13 of the first horizontal portion. 两个竖直部10、11和两个水平部12、13形成平行六面体布局,该布局具有立方体的类似平行六面体的凹部14。 Two vertical portions 10, 11 and two horizontal portions 12, 13 are formed parallelepiped layout, the layout is similar to the concave portion having parallel cube hexahedron 14. 在各个区域中,两个竖直部和水平部10至13的单元的实际几何形状与刚才所述的基本形状有偏差。 In each region, the actual geometry of the unit and two vertical portions of the horizontal portions 10 to 13 with the basic shape deviate just described. 两个竖直部10、11和两个水平部12、13形成大致闭合的空气导向通道4。 Two vertical portions 10, 11 and two horizontal portions 12, 13 are formed in a substantially closed air guide channel 4.

[0049] 悬浮室15位于第一竖直部10中,当自由落体模拟器运行时,被定向为竖直向上的气流流过悬浮室15使得能够将人员保持在悬浮状态。 [0049] The suspension of the vertical chamber 15 located in the first portion 10, when the free fall simulator run, is oriented vertically upward flow of air through the chamber 15 so that the suspension can be kept in suspension in the art. 气流通过位于悬浮室的下端部18的下部开口16流入悬浮室15,并且通过位于悬浮室15的上端部19的上部开口17流出悬浮室。 Lower stream through the lower portion of the chamber 18 is at the opening 16 into the suspension chamber 15 was suspended, and the suspension chamber 17 flows out through the upper opening of the upper end portion 19 located in chamber 15 of the suspension.

[0050] 悬浮室15具有从下端部18至上端部19的恒定的十二边形水平截面。 [0050] 15 suspension chamber having a constant horizontal cross section of dodecagonal 18 from the upper end to the lower end portion 19. 替代地,该截面还可以从底部向顶部增大(图1中未示出),以使得作用于悬浮人员的力从底部向顶部减小,这相当于一种具有固有安全性的机构。 Alternatively, the section may also be increased from the bottom to the top (not shown in FIG. 1), so that the effect of reducing the force from the bottom to the top of the suspension art, which is equivalent to having an inherent safety mechanism. 但是,悬浮室15的恒定的截面能够最佳地模拟自由落体。 However, the suspension chamber 15 of constant cross-section can be optimally simulate freefall.

[0051] 悬浮室15由下部开口16、上部开口17和侧壁20界定。 [0051] The suspension from the lower chamber 15 opening 16, 17 define an upper opening 20 and sidewall. 在下部开口16和上部开口17的区域中能够安装安全网(图1中未示出),安全网能够防止在悬浮室15中悬浮的人员悬浮的过高或过低,或者防止所述人员处于距离中心部过远的飞行位置,并且另外能够保护所述人员在例如由于改变的身体位置所造成的或者气流变化所造成的突然的位置变化期间不受伤害。 In the lower opening 16 and an upper opening region 17 can be mounted in the safety net (not shown in FIG. 1), a safety net can be prevented in the suspension art suspension chamber 15 suspended too high or low, or to prevent the person in too far from the center portion of the flight position, and in addition the person can be protected from damage for example during sudden changes in the position due to the change or changes in air flow caused by the body position caused. 安全网36被(在当前示例中水平地)配置在空气出口28下方,由此防止物体或者人员被气流传送到空气出口28的外部。 36 is a safety net (horizontally, in the present example) arranged below the air outlet 28, thereby preventing the object or person is transferred to the air stream outlet 28 outside.

[0052] 具有水平截面的喷嘴21布置在悬浮室15下方,该水平截面从底部向顶部减小以加速气流。 [0052] The nozzle 21 has a horizontal cross section of chamber 15 is disposed below the suspension, the horizontal cross section is reduced to accelerate the air flow from bottom to top. 喷嘴21的从底部向顶部减小的相应的截面连续地从矩形变换为不规则的十二边形,最终在连接于悬浮室15的过渡区域中变换成为规则的十二边形。 Corresponding reduced cross section from the bottom to the top nozzle 21 is continuously converted from the rectangular irregular dodecagon, eventually converted into a regular dodecagon in the transition region 15 is connected to the chamber in the suspension.

[0053] 在悬浮室15的上部开口17之后布置扩散器22,用以使排出悬浮室15的气流减速,由此减小摩擦损失及气流的过热。 After the [0053] chamber 15 in an upper suspension opening 17 of the diffuser 22 is arranged for suspending the discharge chamber 15 deceleration stream, thereby reducing friction losses and superheated gas stream. 扩散器22的水平截面从规则的十二边形向上变换成为放大的不规则十二边形,最终变换成为矩形。 22 is a horizontal cross section of the diffuser from a regular dodecagon amplified up-converted to become irregular dodecagon, eventually converted into a rectangle.

[0054] 在扩散器22的下游端(流动方向由箭头3示出)配置第一重定向区域23,在该区域中从扩散器22排出的基本上被竖直定向的气流被改变方向大约90°。 [0054] At the downstream end of the diffuser 22 (flow direction indicated by arrow 3) arranged to redirect a first region 23, this region is changed in a direction from a substantially vertically oriented air flow discharged from the diffuser 22 to about 90 °. 类似地,气流的方向在各第二重定向区域24、第三重定向区域25和最终的第四重定向区域26中均被改变大约90°,从而引导气流回到悬浮室15中,采用重定向薄板形式的重定向构件以尽可能同质的(homogenous)并且低摩擦的方式对重定向区域23至26中的气流进行重定向。 Similarly, the direction of airflow in the region 24 the second redirection, the redirection area 25 and the final third of the fourth redirection area 26 are changed by approximately 90 °, thereby directing the air flow chamber 15 back to the suspension, the use of heavy orienting the sheet in the form of a redirection member (homogenous) and low-friction manner as homogeneous as possible to redirect stream 23 to 26 redirection area.

[0055] 在第一重定向区域23中,设置空气出口28,一部分气流能够通过空气出口28排出。 [0055] In the first redirection region 23, an air outlet 28, a portion of stream 28 can be discharged through the air outlet. 空气出口28布置在第一重定向区域23的上部水平延伸边界29中。 An air outlet 28 is arranged extending in the upper horizontal boundary 29 of the first region 23 redirects. 下面,通过图9至图11示出了如何能够优选地计量气流的排出部分。 Next, FIG. 9 through FIG. 11 illustrates how the discharge portion can be preferably metered stream. 在第一重定向区域23和第二重定向区域24之间,空气入口30位于第一水平部12中,当自由落体模拟器运行时,用于冷却气流的环境空气能够通过空气入口30进入。 In the first region 23 and the second redirection redirection region 24 between the air inlet 30 located in the first horizontal section 12, when the free fall simulator is running, the ambient air for the cooling air flow entering through the air inlet 30. 空气入口30配置于第一水平部12的侧壁31中。 An air inlet 30 disposed on the side wall 12 of the first horizontal portion 31. 气流经由第二重定向区域24中的重定向构件27被改变方向90°,以进入第二竖直部11的第二扩散器32。 The second gas stream via redirection area 24 of member 27 is changed to redirect the direction of 90 °, the second diffuser 32 to enter the second vertical portion 11. 第二扩散器32具有近似矩形的截面,所述截面从顶部向底部增大,并减小到达安装于第二竖直部11中的风扇33的气流的速度。 Second diffuser 32 having an approximately rectangular cross section, said section increasing from top to bottom, and reduce the air flow reaching the second fan is mounted in the vertical portion 11 of the 33 speed.

[0056] 四个风扇33以正方形构造配置在空气导向通道28内,其中设置所述风扇的相应区域具有正方形截面。 [0056] The four fans 33 in a square configuration disposed within the air guide passage 28, in which the respective region of the fan having a square cross-section.

[0057] 优选地,风扇33至少部分地由碳制成。 [0057] Preferably, the fan 33 is at least partially made of carbon. 用碳制成比如风扇叶片的转动部件(图1中未示出)是特别有利的。 Made of carbon, such as rotating member (not shown in FIG. 1) of the fan blades is particularly advantageous. 这使得能够产生同质的气流(例如,与钢铁制成的叶片比较)和降低噪声水平。 This enables the production of homogenous flow (e.g., made of steel blade and the comparison), and reduce the noise level. 由于碳(例如,与钢铁等比较)是特别地轻量的材料,具有由碳制成的转动部件的风扇33具有较小的转动惯量,并且因此能对控制快速响应。 Since carbon (e.g., compared to steel) is particularly lightweight material, having a fan rotation member 33 made of carbon has a smaller moment of inertia, and it is possible to quickly respond to the control. 特别有利的是,至少部分地对风扇涂覆芳纟仑(aramide),特别地涂覆芳纟仑纤维。 It is particularly advantageous to at least partially coated with an aryl fan Lun Si (aramide), in particular aryl-coated Si Lun fibers. 由此提高了风扇的寿命。 Thereby increasing the lifetime of the fan.

[0058] 气流被风扇33加速,并且被竖直地喷射到底部。 [0058] The accelerated air flow by the fan 33, and is vertically ejected in the end portion. 与第二扩散器类似,第三扩散器34具有从顶部向底部增大的矩形截面,气流的速度在第三扩散器34中被再次降低以降低气流的摩擦损失和加热。 Second diffuser Similarly, third diffuser 34 has a rectangular cross-section increasing from top to bottom, the air flow speed is lowered to reduce friction losses and heating again in the third gas flow 34 in the diffuser. 气流由第三重定向区域25及第四重定向区域26的重定向薄板27而被再次传送到喷嘴21,并且由此被传送到悬浮室15。 Redirect the airflow by the third region and a fourth redirect sheet 2725 redirection area 26 is transferred again to the nozzle 21, and thus chamber 15 is transferred to the suspension.

[0059] 图2示出了自由落体模拟器的优选构造的截面图,其中所述截面是沿着竖直延伸面的截面。 [0059] FIG. 2 shows a sectional view of a preferred configuration of a free fall simulator, wherein the cross section is a cross section along a plane extending vertically. 自由落体模拟器的第二水平部13优选地配置在地面下方。 The second horizontal portion 13 is preferably free fall simulator is arranged below ground. 第一竖直部10、第二竖直部11和第一水平部12优选地位于地面上方。 The first vertical portion 10, a second vertical portion 11 and horizontal portion 12 preferably is located above the first floor. 这样的构造减小了自由落体模拟器相对于地面的高度。 Such a configuration reduces the height of the free fall simulator with respect to the ground.

[0060] 想要使用该自由落体模拟器的人员能够通过前室(vestibule) 35到达悬浮室15。 [0060] The person wants to use the suspension to reach the free fall simulator chamber 15 through the front chamber (vestibule) 35. 在前室35相对于地面升高的情况中,前室35的底部与地面之间的中间空间可以保持中空或者被填充。 The front chamber 35 with respect to the ground increases, the intermediate space between the ground and the bottom of the front chamber 35 may be kept hollow or filled. 替代地,前室35及悬浮室15还能够位于地面,这样便于使用自由落体模拟器。 Alternatively, the suspension of the front chamber 35 and chamber 15 can also be located on the ground, which facilitates the use of the free fall simulator.

[0061] 空气出口扩散器37配置于空气出口28。 [0061] The air outlet diffuser 37 is disposed at the air outlet 28. 在本示例性实施方式中,空气出口扩散器37在向上的方向上扩展并且使气流的排出部分在完全排出后相对于自由落体模拟器、分别地相对于自由落体模拟器的外壳具有相对较大的空间。 In the present exemplary embodiment, the air outlet diffuser 37 extended in the upward direction and the discharge portion of the gas stream relative to the completely discharged after the free fall simulator, respectively, with respect to the housing has a relatively large free fall simulator Space. 本空气出口扩散器37在竖直方向上具有梯形截面。 This air diffuser outlet 37 has a trapezoidal cross-section in the vertical direction.

[0062] 图3示出了自由落体模拟器的另一优选实施方式。 [0062] FIG. 3 shows another preferred embodiment of the free fall simulator. 这里,空气出口28由包括移动开闭器39的闭合装置38以可变的方式调节。 Here, the air outlet 2838 in a variable manner by the adjusting movement of the closure means 39 comprises a shutter. 空气出口扩散器37在其外表面具有两个平行的弯曲部分40a、40b。 An air outlet diffuser 37 having two parallel bent portions 40a, 40b on its outer surface. 弯曲的导向薄板41安装于空气出口扩散器37内,用于以尽可以层流的方式将排出空气出口28的部分气流引导离开自由落体模拟器的外壳。 Curved sheet guide 41 is attached to the air outlet of the diffuser 37, so as to make a laminar flow can be guided away from the housing part of the free fall simulator exhaust outlet 28 of the air stream.

[0063] 例如,替代于如图1中所不地使用仅一个空气入口,在图3的实施方式中设置若干个特别地设置六个空气入口30 (其中,在图3中仅能看到三个)。 [0063] For example, in FIG. 1 in an alternative not to use only one air inlet is provided in the embodiment of FIG. 3 in particular, a plurality of air inlet 30 is provided six (wherein, seen in FIG. 3 only three a).

[0064] 优选地能够通过可枢转的入口开闭器(图中未示出)闭合空气入口30,该可枢转的入口开闭器为入口闭合装置的一体部分。 [0064] Preferably openable shutter (not shown) closes the air inlet 30 through a pivotable inlet, the inlet opening and pivotable shutter means is an integral part of inlet closing. 入口开闭器例如可向外枢转,并且与自由落体模拟器的外壳形成例如45°的锐角。 An inlet shutter e.g. outwardly pivotable, for example, 45 ° and forming an acute angle with the housing free fall simulator.

[0065] 图4至图7示出了自由落体模拟器的替代实施方式的示意图。 [0065] FIG. 4 to FIG. 7 shows a schematic view of an alternative embodiment of the free fall simulator. [0066] 在图4中,空气入口30被移动开闭器52部分地闭合。 [0066] In FIG. 4, the air inlet 30 shutter 52 is moved partially closed. 通过使移动开闭器52移动,能够在静态状态下间接地控制气流的排出部分。 52 is moved by the moving shutter can indirectly control the exhaust gas stream portion in a static state. 能够由移动开闭器39闭合空气出口28,其中该移动能够与空气入口30的移动开闭器52的移动相应地同步执行。 Capable of moving the shutter 39 is closed by the movement of the air outlet 28, wherein the movement of the air inlet 30 is capable of moving the shutter 52 is synchronized accordingly performed. 电子控制或者电子调节可以适当地用于该目的,而其即使在非同步地调节空气入口30或者空气出口28时也是有利的。 Electronic control or electronic regulation can be suitably used for this purpose, but which, even when a non-synchronization conditioned air inlet 30 or the air outlet 28 is also advantageous.

[0067] 对于空气入口30或空气出口28的同步的或者独立的控制或者调节能够由中央计算机(图中未示出)来执行。 [0067] 30 or the air inlet to the air outlet 28 of the synchronous or can be controlled or regulated independently (not shown) performed by a central computer. 特别地能够设置测量装置(同样,在图中未示出),其测量气流的流速、温度和/或湿度,以允许优化地调节空气入口30和空气出口28。 Particularly measuring means can be provided (also, not shown in the drawing), which measures air flow velocity, temperature and / or humidity, to allow optimally conditioned air inlet 30 and air outlet 28.

[0068] 在图5中,风扇33(在图5中仅能看到两个风扇33)被收纳在第二水平部13中。 [0068] In Figure 5, fan 33 (see FIG. 5 only two fans 33) is housed in the second horizontal section 13. 特别地,将第二水平部13置于地面2(图5中未示出)下方,由此相当大地降低了噪声影响。 In particular, the second horizontal portion 13 placed on the ground (not shown in FIG. 5) below 2, thereby considerably reducing the influence of noise.

[0069] 在图5中,移除了第一重定向区域23中的四个薄板27(以虚线绘制)。 [0069] In FIG. 5, the sheet 23 is removed in the first four redirection area 27 (in dashed lines). 由于移除了重定向薄板27,增大了排出气流的部分。 Redirection sheet 27 due to the removal, increasing the portion of the exhaust stream. 添加重定向薄板27相应地减少了排出气流部分。 The redirect sheet 27 corresponding reduction in exhaust gas stream portion. 作为完全移除薄板的替代方案,还可以在垂直于图5的图面的方向(水平方向)上仅局部布置薄板,这相当于部分移除重定向薄板27,分别地使排出气流部分增加。 As an alternative to complete removal of the sheet, but also in a direction perpendicular to the drawing plane of FIG. 5 (horizontal direction) is only partially disposed thin plate, which is equivalent to redirect the sheet 27 is partially removed, respectively the discharge portion of the gas flow increases.

[0070] 作为图5的实施方式的替代方案,图6示出了自由落体模拟器的特别地优选的实施方式。 [0070] As an alternative embodiment of the embodiment of FIG. 5, FIG. 6 shows a free fall simulator particularly preferred embodiment. 这里,重定向薄板27整体上能够径向向内移动。 Here, the sheet can be redirected radially inward movement as a whole 27. 在图6所示的状态中,最先的三个重定向薄板(这里及下面,通常沿径向从内向外计数)布置在压力室43内。 In the state shown in FIG. 6, the first three redirecting lamellae (here and below, generally radially from the inside out count) disposed within the pressure chamber 43. 第四个重定向薄板27闭合压力室43与第一重定向区域23之间的开口44。 23 an opening 44 between the fourth thin plate 27 redirects the closing pressure chamber 43 and the first redirection area.

[0071] 压力室43内的压力优选地是可调节的,使得在压力室43与空气导向通道4之间的压力差最小。 [0071] Preferably, the pressure within the pressure chamber 43 is adjustable, so that the pressure in the pressure chamber 43 and the air guide channel 4 between the minimum difference. 由此使空气导向通道中的压力损失最小化。 Thereby minimizing the pressure loss of the air guide channel.

[0072] 图6中的重定向薄板相对于初始位置(见图4)移动两个并排重定向薄板27的五倍的距离(5-flod distance)。 In [0072] FIG. 6 relative to the initial sheet redirection position (see FIG. 4) five times the distance of two adjacent redirecting lamellae 27 (5-flod distance). 一般而言,各重定向薄板27被移动两个重定向薄板27的多倍(包括第I个重定向薄板)的距离是有利的。 In general, each of the sheets 27 is moved from the redirection two times redirect sheet 27 (including the I-th redirection sheet) is advantageous. 由此,能够使开口44通常被闭合,S卩,在重定向薄板27作为整体的任意状态下开口44通常被闭合。 Thus, the opening 44 is normally closed, S Jie, any state as a whole opening 44 is usually closed redirected sheet 27.

[0073] 重定向薄板27整体上由采用电动马达形式的驱动器42径向移位。 [0073] redirecting lamellae 42 as a whole by the radial shift in the form of an electric motor using the drive 27.

[0074] 如图7中能够看到的,通过枢转一个或甚至若干个重定向薄板27也能够实现排出气流的部分。 [0074] can be seen in Figure 7, by pivoting one or even several redirecting lamellae 27 can be achieved in the exhaust air flow section.

[0075] 图8示出了替代实施方式中穿过包括前室的悬浮室15的水平截面示意图。 [0075] FIG. 8 shows an alternative embodiment comprising a suspension chamber through the horizontal chamber 15 of the front cross-sectional schematic view. 具有安全网的悬浮室15的布局是八边形。 Layout suspension chamber having a safety net 15 is octagonal. 可以经由悬浮室入口58进入悬浮室15。 Suspension can enter the chamber 15 via the chamber inlet 58 suspension. 能够经由悬浮室出口59再次退出悬浮室15。 The suspension can exit the chamber 15 through the chamber outlet 59 suspended again.

[0076] 悬浮室入口58和悬浮室出口59将悬浮室15与入口区域55分开。 [0076] The chamber inlet 58 and a suspension outlet chamber 59 the suspension and the suspension inlet region 55 and the chamber 15 are separated. 入口区域55通过气闸室54与前室35(图8中未示出)分开。 The inlet region 55 (not shown in FIG. 8) separated by airlocks 35 and the front chamber 54. 气闸室54能够通过闭合装置56而相对于入口区域55和前室35气密密封。 Airlock 54 can with respect to the inlet region 55 and the front chamber 35 is hermetically sealed by closing means 56. 另外,在悬浮室15的侧边设有安全范围(securityperimeter) 57。 Further, the side chamber 15 is provided with a safety suspension range (securityperimeter) 57. 在该安全范围57内能够监测悬浮室15,并且同步地检测自由落体模拟器的控制部。 Within the safe range monitor 57 can be suspended chamber 15, and the control unit detects the free fall simulator synchronization.

[0077] 在特别的另一个开发例中,自由落体模拟器包括作为替换特征或者附加特征的冷却装置,被供给到重定向薄板的冷却介质能够经由该冷却装置冷却。 [0077] In a particular embodiment a further development, the free fall simulator comprising cooling means wherein alternatively or additionally feature, the cooling medium is supplied to redirect the sheet can be cooled via the cooling means. 在本示例中,重定向薄板可以由铝制成或者被制成为挤出铝板型。 In the present example, the redirection sheet may be made from aluminum or an aluminum plate be extruded type. 所述重定向薄板具有中空空间,冷却介质能够流过该中空空间。 The redirection sheet has a hollow space, the cooling medium can flow through the hollow space. 能够想象到,经由分流板(splitter plate)供给冷却介质,其中这些分流板也能够设置有中空空间。 You can imagine, there is a hollow space via the diverter plate (splitter plate) supplying a cooling medium, wherein the diverter plate may be provided. 所述冷却介质特别地能够是水,但还可以想象到用具有优良的热传导特性的其它的液体或者气体或者甚至是固体。 The cooling medium can be water in particular, but it is also conceivable to use other liquid or gas having excellent heat transfer characteristics, or even a solid.

[0078] 包括冷却装置和具有中空空间的重定向薄板的实施方式特别良好地适用于减小对于环境的噪声污染和将自由落体模拟器中的空气冷却到环境温度以下。 [0078] The cooling device comprises a thin plate having a hollow space and redirect the embodiment is particularly well suited for reducing cooled to ambient temperature and the noise pollution of the environment in the free fall simulator air. 后一个方面在高温区域中特别地有利。 The latter aspect is particularly advantageous in the high temperature region. 因此,设置有中空空间的重定向薄板承担至少两个功能,即,一方面,重定向气流,另一方面,冷却。 Thus, provided with a hollow space redirecting lamellae assume at least two functions, namely, on the one hand, to redirect the air flow, on the other hand, it is cooled. 由此,能够省却用于热传递或者冷传递的额外的组件。 Accordingly, it is possible to dispense with additional components or heat transfer in the cold transfer. 另外,避免了可能由于分离的冷却聚焦物(cooling aggregates)插入在气流中而导致的额外的压力损失。 Further, to avoid additional pressure losses may be due to the separation of the focus was cooled (cooling aggregates) is inserted in the air stream caused.

[0079] 此时,应注意到,上述的所有部分能够独自采用或者以任意组合的方式采用,特别地在图中所示的细节对于本发明是基本的。 [0079] In this case, it should be noted, all parts described above can be employed alone or in any combination using, in particular the details shown in the figures are essential to the present invention. 本领域技术人员熟悉其修改例。 Those skilled in the art are familiar with its modification.

[0080] 附图标记列表: [0080] List of reference numerals:

[0081] 3 箭头 [0081] Arrow 3

[0082] 4空气导向通道 [0082] air guide channel 4

[0083] 10第一竖直部 [0083] The first vertical portion 10

[0084] 11第二竖直部 [0084] The second vertical portion 11

[0085] 12第一水平部 [0085] The first horizontal portion 12

[0086] 13第二水平部 [0086] The second horizontal portion 13

[0087] 14 凹部 [0087] 14 recess

[0088] 15悬浮室 [0088] 15 suspension chamber

[0089] 16下部开口 [0089] The lower opening 16

[0090] 17上部开口 [0090] The upper opening 17

[0091] 18下端部 [0091] The lower portion 18

[0092] 19上端部 [0092] The upper end portion 19

[0093] 20 侧壁 [0093] sidewall 20

[0094] 21 喷嘴 [0094] 21 nozzle

[0095] 22扩散器 [0095] The diffuser 22

[0096] 23第一重定向区域 [0096] 23 first redirection region

[0097] 24第二重定向区域 [0097] 24 second region redirection

[0098] 25第三重定向区域 [0098] 25 third region redirection

[0099] 26第四重定向区域 [0099] 26 fourth region redirection

[0100] 27重定向构件(重定向薄板) [0100] redirection member 27 (redirect sheet)

[0101] 28空气出口 [0101] 28 air outlet

[0102] 29 边界 [0102] 29 border

[0103] 30空气入口 [0103] 30 air inlet

[0104] 31 侧壁 [0104] sidewall 31

[0105] 32第二扩散器 [0105] 32 second diffuser

[0106] 33 风扇 [0106] Fan 33

[0107] 34第三扩散器 [0107] 34 third diffuser

[0108] 35 前室[0109] 36安全网 [0108] 35 front chamber [0109] 36 safety net

[0110] 37空气出口扩散器 [0110] 37 air outlet diffuser

[0111] 38闭合装置 [0111] The closure device 38

[0112] 39移动开闭器 [0112] 39 moves shutter

[0113] 40 40a,40b 部 [0113] 40 40a, 40b portion

[0114] 41导向薄板 [0114] 41 guide the sheet

[0115] 42驱动器 [0115] Drive 42

[0116] 43压力室 [0116] 43 pressure chamber

[0117] 44 开口 [0117] 44 opening

[0118] 45安全网 [01] 45 safety net

[0119] 46移动开闭器 [0119] The shutter 46 is moved

[0120] 47气闸室 [0120] 47 airlock

[0121] 48入口区域 [0121] 48 inlet region

[0122] 49闭合装置 [0122] The closure device 49

[0123] 50安全范围 [0123] 50 range safety

[0124] 51悬浮室入口· [0124] 51-suspension chamber inlet

[0125] 52悬浮室出口 [0125] 52 suspension chamber outlet

Claims (26)

  1. 1.一种具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,所述自由落体模拟器包括: 悬浮室(15),人员在所述悬浮室中能够由于被竖直向上定向的气流而悬浮,所述悬浮室包括在下端部(18)的下部开口(16)和在上端部(19)的上部开口(17); 大致封闭的空气导向通道(4),其包括有至少一个风扇(33),所述通道连接所述悬浮室的下部开口(16)与上部开口(17); 至少一个空气入口(30)和至少一个空气出口(28),其用于所述空气导向通道(4)内的空气交换; 具有重定向构件(27)的重定向区域(23,24,25,26),所述重定向构件(27)是重定向薄板,其在角部区域或者在具有高的曲率的区域重定向所述空气导向通道(4)中的气流,其中至少一个空气出口(28)配置在重定向区域(23,24,25,26)中; 其特征在于,所述重定向薄板(27 )是可移动的,用于改变排出所述空气出口( 28 )的气流。 A free fall simulator having independent air circuit, the free fall simulator comprising: a suspension chamber (15), due to the art can be oriented vertically upward flow of the suspension are suspended in a chamber, said suspension in the lower chamber comprises a lower portion (18) of the opening (16) and an upper end portion of the upper portion (19) of the opening (17); a substantially closed air guide channel (4), which comprises at least one fan (33), said channel connecting the lower opening of the suspension chamber (16) with an upper opening (17); at least one air inlet (30) and at least one air outlet (28), for the exchange of air within the air guide channel (4) ; redirection area (23,24,25,26) has a redirection member (27), the redirection member (27) is to redirect sheet, either in a region of high curvature redirection in the corner region the air guide channel (4) in the gas stream, wherein the at least one air outlet (28) disposed in the re-orientation region (23,24,25,26); characterized in that said redirection sheet (27) is move for varying the exhaust gas flow of the air outlet (28).
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,能够通过改变所述空气出口(28)的横截面面积而可变地调节排出所述空气出口(28)的气流。 According to claim 1 free fall simulator air circuit as claimed in claim, characterized in that the discharge can be variably adjusted by changing the air outlet of the air outlet (28) cross-sectional area (28) airflow.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,可枢转的和/或可移动的闭合装置(38 )关联于所述空气出口( 28 ),用于改变所述排出所述空气出口(28)的气流。 The free fall simulator air circuit according to claim 1, characterized in that the and / or closing means (38) movable pivotally associated with the air outlet (28), for changing the exhaust gas flow of the air outlet (28).
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,至少一个重定向薄板(27)能在径向方向上移动。 The free fall simulator air circuit according to claim 1, characterized in that at least one redirecting lamella (27) is movable in a radial direction. ` `
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,至少一个重定向薄板(27)被形成为与所述空气导向通道的开口(44)对应,这样使得所述开口(44)能够由于所述至少一个重定向薄板(27)的径向移动而打开或关闭。 The free fall simulator air circuit according to claim 1, characterized in that at least one redirecting lamella (27) is formed as an opening of the air guide channel (44) corresponds, so that the said opening (44) can be opened or closed due to said at least one redirection sheet (27) in the radial direction.
  6. 6.根据权利要求5所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,多个重定向薄板(27)作为整体能够分散地在径向上移动,这样使得所述开口(44)在移动操作之前和移动操作之后由一个重定向薄板(27)闭合。 The free fall simulator according to claim 5, wherein the air circuit, wherein the plurality of redirecting lamellae (27) can be integrally movable in the radial direction dispersion as such that the opening (44) and after the move operation (27) is closed by a sheet prior to redirect move operation.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,所述空气出口(28)包括漏斗状空气出口扩散器(37)。 The free fall simulator air circuit according to claim 1, characterized in that the air outlet (28) comprises a funnel-shaped air diffuser outlet (37).
  8. 8.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,所述空气入口(30)的用于改变流入气流的至少一个闭合装置(42)被形成为可枢转的和/或可移动的。 The free fall simulator air circuit according to claim 1, wherein said air inlet (30) for at least one closing means (42) changes the air flow flows is formed as a pivotable and / or may be removable.
  9. 9.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,所述空气入口(30)的用于改变流入气流的至少一个闭合装置(42)被形成为能够向外枢转。 9. The free fall simulator air circuit according to claim 1, wherein said air inlet (30) for varying the air flow flowing into the at least one closure device (42) is formed so as to be outwardly pivoting.
  10. 10.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,所述空气入口(30)和/或所述空气出口(28)配置在空气导向通道的上部。 10. The free fall simulator air circuit according to claim 1, wherein said air inlet (30) and / or the air outlet (28) disposed at an upper portion of the air guide channel.
  11. 11.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,所述空气入口(30)与所述空气出口(28)通过屏障而空间分离,从而排出所述空气出口(28)的空气不能由所述空气入口(30)再送入。 Claim 11. The free fall simulator air circuit of claim 1, wherein said air inlet (30) and the air outlet (28) separated by a barrier and the space, to discharge the air outlet (28) the air is not fed from the air inlet (30) again.
  12. 12.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,所述空气入口( 28)的闭合装置(38)和/或所述空气出口( 30)的闭合装置(38)能够被电子控制或调节,其中所述空气入口(28)的闭合装置和所述空气出口(30)的闭合装置(38)能够彼此同步。 Claim 12. The free fall simulator air circuit of claim 1, wherein said air inlet (28) of the closing device (38) and / or the air outlet (30) of the closing device ( 38) can be an electronic control or regulation, wherein the air inlet (28) of the closure device and the air outlet (30) of the closing device (38) can be synchronized with each other.
  13. 13.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,设置测量装置用于测量各种参数。 13. The free fall simulator air circuit according to claim 1, characterized in that the measuring means is provided for measuring various parameters.
  14. 14.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,设置测量装置用于测量容积流的温度、流速、空气湿度,其中由所述测量装置获得的测量值提供给所述空气入口(28)和/或所述空气出口(30)的闭合装置(38)的电子控制或调节。 14. The free fall simulator air circuit according to claim 1, characterized in that the measuring means is provided for measuring the temperature of the volume flow, flow rate, humidity, wherein providing the measured values ​​obtained by said measurement to the air inlet (28) and / or the air outlet (30) of the closing device (38) is an electronic control or regulation.
  15. 15.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,设置四个风扇(33),所述四个风扇(33)在空气导向通道(4)中以正方形构造配置。 Claim 15. The free fall simulator air circuit of claim 1, wherein, four fan (33), said four fan (33) in an air guide channel (4) in a square configuration configuration.
  16. 16.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,其特征在于,设置四个风扇(33),所述四个风扇(33)在空气导向通道(4)中以正方形构造配置。 16. The method of claim 1, free fall simulator air circuit, wherein, wherein, four fan (33), said four fan (33) in an air guide channel (4) configured in a square configuration.
  17. 17.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,所述风扇形成在所述空气导向通道(4)的竖直部(10、11)中。 Claim 17. The free fall simulator air circuit of claim 1, wherein said fan is formed in the air guide channel (4) of the vertical portion (10, 11).
  18. 18.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,所述悬浮室(15)的底部区域形成为多边形。 18. The free fall simulator air circuit according to claim 1, wherein said suspension chamber (15) a polygonal base region.
  19. 19.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,所述悬浮室(15)和/或在所述悬浮室之后的漏斗形扩散器(22)的截面在向上的方向上扩展。 19. The free fall simulator air circuit according to claim 1, characterized in that the cross section of the suspension chamber (15) and / or funnel-shaped diffuser (22) after the chamber was suspended in extended upward direction.
  20. 20.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,所述悬浮室(15)具有从底部到顶部的恒定的截面。 20. The free fall simulator air circuit according to claim 1, wherein said suspension chamber (15) having a constant cross-section from the bottom to the top.
  21. 21.根据权利要求1所述的··具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,所述悬浮室(15)的截面和/或在所述悬浮室之后的所述漏斗形扩散器(22)的截面从底部向顶部从高阶的多边形转换为低阶的多边形。 21. ·· according to claim 1 having a free fall simulator independent air circuit, characterized in that the cross section of the suspension chamber (15) and / or the funnel-shaped diffuser chamber after the suspension (22) is converted to a lower order polygonal cross-section from the bottom to the top of the higher-order polygon.
  22. 22.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,在安全网悬挂部件(49)上设置至少一个安全网(45),所述安全网用于保护所述悬浮室(15)中的人员或者限制所述悬浮室(15),在所述安全网悬挂部件上设有阻尼元件用于吸收振动。 22. The free fall simulator air circuit according to claim 1, characterized in that the suspension member in the safety net (49) is provided at least one safety net (45), the safety net for protecting the art suspension chamber (15) in the suspension or restriction chamber (15), a safety net is provided on the suspension member for absorbing vibration damping element.
  23. 23.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,至少一个重定向薄板能够通过冷却装置冷却。 23. The free fall simulator air circuit according to claim 1, characterized in that at least one redirecting lamella can be cooled by the cooling means.
  24. 24.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,至少一个重定向薄板具有中空空间,由冷却装置供给的冷却介质能够被引入到所述中空空间中。 24. The free fall simulator air circuit according to claim 1, characterized in that at least one redirecting lamella has a hollow space defined by the cooling medium supplied to the cooling means can be introduced into the hollow space.
  25. 25.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于,至少一个重定向薄板由铝制成。 25. The free fall simulator air circuit according to claim 1, wherein the at least one redirect sheet is made of aluminum.
  26. 26.根据权利要求1所述的具有独立空气回路的自由落体模拟器,其特征在于至少一个重定向薄板被制成为挤出铝板型。 26. The free fall simulator air circuit according to claim 1, characterized in that at least one sheet is made to redirect extruded aluminum type.
CN 200980135745 2008-09-11 2009-09-01 Free fall simulator CN102202972B (en)

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DE200810046759 DE102008046759A1 (en) 2008-09-11 2008-09-11 Freefall simulator
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PCT/EP2009/061251 WO2010028980A1 (en) 2008-09-11 2009-09-01 Free fall simulator

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RU2516947C2 (en) 2014-05-20 grant
CN102202972A (en) 2011-09-28 application
US8668497B2 (en) 2014-03-11 grant
EP2334553A1 (en) 2011-06-22 application
WO2010028980A1 (en) 2010-03-18 application
DE102008046759A1 (en) 2010-03-18 application
US20110165545A1 (en) 2011-07-07 application
EP2334553B1 (en) 2013-11-13 grant

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