CN102200177A - Transmission gear system of motor vehicle - Google Patents

Transmission gear system of motor vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102200177A
CN102200177A CN2011101251836A CN201110125183A CN102200177A CN 102200177 A CN102200177 A CN 102200177A CN 2011101251836 A CN2011101251836 A CN 2011101251836A CN 201110125183 A CN201110125183 A CN 201110125183A CN 102200177 A CN102200177 A CN 102200177A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
actuation
external
internal
wheel
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Pending
Application number
CN2011101251836A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱博文
Original Assignee
朱政
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by 朱政 filed Critical 朱政
Priority to CN2011101251836A priority Critical patent/CN102200177A/en
Publication of CN102200177A publication Critical patent/CN102200177A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a transmission gear system of a motor vehicle. The system comprises a drive motor; a drive gear is arranged on a drive shaft of the drive motor; an external gear is arranged on a wheel and around an axle; an internal gear is arranged on the wheel and at the periphery of the external gear; the drive gear drives the internal gear or the external gear; and the internal gear or the external gear drives the wheel to rotate. Since the transmission gear system of the motor vehicle is provided with the smaller-diameter external gear and the larger-diameter internal gear, the internal gear and the external gear are arranged on the wheel, and the wheel has larger diameter, so that the internal gear conditionally has the diameter greater than that of the external gear, a larger gear ratio can be generated when the drive gear drives the wheel by the internal gear or the external gear respectively, and the purpose of substantially regulating variable speed is achieved. Moreover, the system, which is provided with the internal gear and the external gear, is simple in structure and low in cost, so that the cost performance of a product is greatly improved.

Description

The motor vehicle transmission gear train
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of motor vehicle transmission gear train.
Background technique
Driving gear system in the large vehicle such as automobile is arranged as the transfer gear train of conventional motor vehicle is unified, and this system's one general configuration gear-box carries out the speed change adjustment, and the amplitude that its speed change is adjusted is bigger, but complex structure, and cost is higher; Also having a kind of is comparatively simple gear tradition, gear in this gear train is arranged at outside the wheel, cooperates the purpose that reaches speed change by one group of big small gear, and this gear train is simple in structure, but the amplitude that speed change is adjusted is less, often can't adapt to the speed change request of vehicle.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provide a kind of simple in structure, cost is lower and have the motor vehicle transmission gear train of speed changing function by a relatively large margin.
For this reason, motor vehicle transmission gear train provided by the invention, comprise drive motor, the live axle of drive motor is provided with actuation gear, be provided with external gear around wheel shaft on the wheel, on the wheel, the external gear outer periphery is equipped with internal gear, driving gear drives internal gear or external gear, internal gear or external gear drive wheel turns.
Owing to have less external gear of diameter and the bigger internal gear of diameter in the motor vehicle transmission gear train provided by the invention, internal gear and external gear all are arranged on the wheel, and wheel has bigger diameter, internal gear had substantially exceed the diameter of external gear thereby have ready conditions, therefore when actuation gear passes through internal gear or external gear wheels respectively, can produce bigger gear ratio, thereby reach the purpose of speed change adjustment by a relatively large margin, and the structure of this set internal gear and external gear is comparatively simple, cost is not high relatively, thereby cost performance of product is greatly improved.
Description of drawings
The motor vehicle transmission gear train structural representation that Fig. 1 provides for first kind of embodiment of the present invention.
The motor vehicle transmission gear train structural representation that Fig. 2 provides for second kind of embodiment of the present invention.
The motor vehicle transmission gear train structural representation that Fig. 3 provides for the third embodiment of the present invention, the 3rd gear and external gear engagement under this state.
The motor vehicle transmission gear train structural representation that Fig. 4 provides for the third embodiment of the present invention, the 3rd gear and internal gear engagement under this state.
The motor vehicle transmission gear train structural representation that Fig. 5 provides for the 4th kind of embodiment of the present invention, actuation gear and last internal gear engagement under this state.
The motor vehicle transmission gear train structural representation that Fig. 6 provides for the 4th kind of embodiment of the present invention, actuation gear and following internal gear engagement under this state.
The motor vehicle transmission gear train structural representation that Fig. 7 provides for the 5th kind of embodiment of the present invention, actuation gear and the 3rd lower gear engagement under this state.
The motor vehicle transmission gear train structural representation that Fig. 8 provides for the 5th kind of embodiment of the present invention, actuation gear and the 3rd engagement that cogs under this state.
The motor vehicle transmission gear train structural representation that Fig. 9 provides for the 6th kind of embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, comprise drive motor 1 among first kind of embodiment of motor vehicle transmission gear train of the present invention, the live axle of drive motor 1 is provided with actuation gear 2, be provided with external gear 5 around wheel shaft 4 on the wheel 3, on the wheel 3, external gear 5 outer periphery are equipped with internal gear 6, actuation gear 2 drives internal gear 6 or external gear 5, and internal gear 6 or external gear 5 drive wheel turns.External gear 5 and wheel 3 are connected cooperation by overrunning clutch, internal gear 6 and wheel 3 are connected cooperation by overrunning clutch, internal gear 6 and external gear 5 can only drive wheel and advance under the effect of overrunning clutch, actuation gear 2 direct and internal gear 6 and external gear 5 engagements.
Below the simple mode of operation of describing the motor vehicle transmission gear train among first kind of embodiment: 1, drive motor 1 is just changeing (it is exactly to clockwise rotate that what is called is just being changeed), thereby drive actuation gear 2, actuation gear 2 drives internal gear 6 and rotates, driving wheel 3 by internal gear 6 by overrunning clutch rotates and advance (what is called is advanced sees to be exactly to advance from left to right in Fig. 1), actuation gear 2 drives external gears 5 equally at this moment, and external gear 5 breaks away under the effect of overrunning clutch and the matching relationship of wheel 3 dallies.2, drive motor 1 counter-rotating, thereby drive actuation gear 2, actuation gear 2 drives external gear 5 and rotates, driving wheel 3 by external gear 5 by overrunning clutch rotates and advances, at this moment, the actuation gear 2 same internal gears 6 that drive, internal gear 6 breaks away under the effect of overrunning clutch and the matching relationship of wheel 3 dallies.
As shown in Figure 2, second kind of embodiment of the present invention and first kind of embodiment are basic identical, its difference only is that external gear 5 and internal gear 6 are fixed on the wheel 3, external gear 5 disposes first gear train, first gear train comprises first 7 and first lower gear 8 that cogs, first cogs 7 is connected cooperation with first lower gear 8 by overrunning clutch, internal gear 6 disposes second gear train, second gear train comprises second 9 and second lower gear 10 that cogs, second cogs 9 is connected cooperation with second lower gear 10 by overrunning clutch, external gear 5 and 8 engagements of first lower gear, internal gear 6 and 10 engagements of second lower gear, actuation gear 2 respectively with first cog 7 and second cog 9 the engagement, first lower gear 8 and second lower gear 10 can only drive wheel and advance under the effect of overrunning clutch.
Below the simple mode of operation of describing the motor vehicle transmission gear train among second kind of embodiment: 1, drive motor 1 is just changeing, thereby drive actuation gear 2, actuation gear 2 drives first in first gear train and cogs 7, first cogs 7 drives first lower gear 8 by overrunning clutch, first lower gear 8 drives internal gear 6, internal gear 6 drives wheel 3 rotations and advances, same second 9, the second 9 matching relationships that break away under the effect of overrunning clutch with second lower gear 10 that cog that cog that drive of actuation gear 2 this moment dally.2, drive motor 1 counter-rotating, thereby drive actuation gear 2, actuation gear 2 drives second in second gear train and cogs 9, second cogs 9 drives second lower gear 10 by overrunning clutch, second lower gear 10 drives external gear 5, external gear 5 drives wheels 3 and rotates also and advance, and same first 7, the first 7 matching relationships that break away under the effect of overrunning clutch with first lower gear 8 that cog that cog that drive of actuation gear 2 this moment dally.
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, the third embodiment of the present invention and first kind of embodiment are basic identical, its difference only is: external gear 5 and internal gear 6 are fixed on the wheel 3, external gear 5 and internal gear 6 also dispose the 3rd gear 11, actuation gear 2 and 11 engagements of the 3rd gear, the 3rd gear 11 can be around actuation gear 2 rotation and is meshed with external gear 5 or internal gear 6 respectively, be connected by connecting rod between the 3rd gear 11 and the actuation gear 2 in the present embodiment, connecting rod can be around drive shaft turns, and then drives and drive the 3rd gear 11 and rotate.
Below the simple mode of operation of describing the motor vehicle transmission gear train among the third embodiment: 1, as shown in Figure 4, drive motor 1 is just changeing, thereby drive actuation gear 2, actuation gear 2 drives the 3rd gear 11 and rotates, the 3rd gear 11 drives external gear 5 rotations when the 3rd gear 11 swings to external gear 5 position engaged, and external gear 5 drives wheels 3 rotations and also advances.2, as shown in Figure 4, the drive motor counter-rotating, thus drive actuation gear 2, and actuation gear 2 drives the 3rd gear 11 and rotates, the 3rd gear 11 drives external gear 5 rotations when the 3rd gear 11 swings to external gear 5 position engaged, and external gear 5 drives wheels 3 rotations and also retreats.3, as shown in Figure 3, drive motor 1 is just changeing, thereby drives actuation gear 2, and actuation gear 2 drives the 3rd gear 11 and rotates, the 3rd gear 11 drives internal gear 6 rotations when the 3rd gear 11 swings to internal gear 6 position engaged, and internal gear 6 drives wheels 3 rotations and also retreats.4, as shown in Figure 3, drive motor 1 counter-rotating, thus drive actuation gear 2, and actuation gear 2 drives the 3rd gear 11 and rotates, the 3rd gear 11 drives internal gear 6 rotations when the 3rd gear 11 swings to internal gear 6 position engaged, and internal gear 6 drives wheels 3 rotations and also advances.
As Fig. 5, shown in Figure 6, the 4th kind of embodiment of the present invention and first kind of embodiment are basic identical, its difference is: internal gear 6 comprises internal gear 12 and following internal gear 13 in the present embodiment, last internal gear 12 is connected cooperation with wheel 3 by overrunning clutch, following internal gear 13 is fixed on the wheel 3, actuation gear 2 configurations can make it carry out mechanism in axial sliding, this mechanism impels actuation gear 2 to mesh conversion with last internal gear 12 and following internal gear 13 respectively, its working method is as follows: 1, as shown in Figure 5, when drive motor 1 is just changeing, when actuation gear 2 meshes with last internal gear 12, actuation gear 2 drives goes up internal gear 12 rotations, last internal gear 12 drives wheel 3 rotations by overrunning clutch and advances, and this moment, external gear 6 dallied under the effect of overrunning clutch.2, as shown in Figure 5, when drive motor 1 counter-rotating, actuation gear 2 and external gear 5 engagements, and when actuation gear 2 meshes with last internal gear 12, actuation gear 2 drives external gear 5 and rotates, external gear 5 drives wheel 3 rotations by overrunning clutch and advances, and internal gear 12 dallies under the effect of overrunning clutch on this moment.3, as shown in Figure 6, when drive motor 1 is just changeing, actuation gear 2 is during with following internal gear 13 engagements, actuation gear 2 breaks away from the engagement with external gear 6, and actuation gear 2 drives internal gear 13 rotations down, and following internal gear 13 direct wheels 3 retreat.
As Fig. 7, shown in Figure 8, the 5th kind of embodiment of the present invention and first kind of embodiment are basic identical, its difference only is: actuation gear 2 respectively with intermediate gear 14 and the 3rd gear train in the 3rd cog 15 the engagement, the 3rd lower gear 16 in the 3rd gear train meshes with internal gear 5 again, the 3rd cogs 15 is connected cooperation with the 3rd lower gear 16 by overrunning clutch, intermediate gear 14 and external gear 6 engagements.
As shown in Figure 9, the 6th kind of embodiment of the present invention and first kind of embodiment basic identical (the 6th kind of embodiment is corresponding to claim 5), its difference only is: actuation gear 1 comprises the first actuation gear 2A and the second actuation gear 2B, the first actuation gear 2A and the second actuation gear 2B are socketed on the live axle of drive motor 1, the first actuation gear 2A and external gear 5 engagements, the second actuation gear 2B and internal gear 6 engagements, interconnect by overrunning clutch respectively between the first actuation gear 2A and the second actuation gear 2B and the live axle, under the effect of overrunning clutch the first actuation gear 2A and the second actuation gear 2B only wheels 3 advance, internal gear 6 and external gear 5 all are fixed on the wheel 3.Below the simple mode of operation of describing the motor vehicle transmission gear train among the 6th kind of embodiment: when 1, drive motor 1 is just changeing, live axle drives the second actuation gear 2B by overrunning clutch, the second actuation gear 2B drives internal gear 6, internal gear 6 drives wheel 3, and the first actuation gear 2A breaks away from live axle idle running under the effect of overrunning clutch simultaneously; When 2, drive motor reversed, live axle drove the first actuation gear 2A by overrunning clutch, and the first actuation gear 2A drives external gear 5, and external gear 5 drives wheels 3, and the second actuation gear 2B breaks away from live axle idle running under the effect of overrunning clutch simultaneously.With reference to shown in Figure 9, can be transformed on the gear that falls back for native system in the present embodiment, the first actuation gear 2A and the second actuation gear 2B can be connected on the live axle by flip sleeve, by moving the first actuation gear 2A and the second actuation gear 2B the first actuation gear 2A is switched between engagement internal gear 6 and external gear 5, when the first actuation gear 2A switches to the state that meshes with internal gear 6, just can fall back by internal gear 6 wheels.

Claims (5)

1. motor vehicle transmission gear train, comprise drive motor (1), the live axle of drive motor (1) is provided with actuation gear (2), it is characterized in that: described wheel (3) is gone up around wheel shaft (4) and is provided with external gear (5), wheel (3) is gone up, external gear (5) outer periphery is equipped with internal gear (6), described actuation gear (2) drives internal gear (6) or external gear (5), and internal gear (6) or external gear (5) drive wheel (3) and rotate.
2. motor vehicle transmission gear train according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described external gear (5) is connected cooperation with wheel (3) by overrunning clutch, described internal gear (6) is connected cooperation with wheel (3) by overrunning clutch, internal gear (6) and external gear (5) can only drive wheel and advance under the effect of overrunning clutch, described actuation gear (2) direct and internal gear (6) and external gear (5) engagement.
3. motor vehicle transmission gear train according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described external gear (5) and internal gear (6) are fixed on the wheel (3), external gear (5) disposes first gear train, first gear train comprises that first cogs (7) and first lower gear (8), first cog (7) be connected cooperation with first lower gear (8) by overrunning clutch, internal gear (6) disposes second gear train, second gear train comprises that second cogs (9) and second lower gear (10), second cog (9) be connected cooperation with second lower gear (10) by overrunning clutch, external gear (5) and first lower gear (8) engagement, internal gear (6) and second lower gear (10) engagement, described actuation gear (3) cog (7) with first respectively and second cog (9) engagement, described first lower gear (8) and second lower gear (10) can only drive wheel (3) and advance under the effect of overrunning clutch.
4. motor vehicle transmission gear train according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described external gear (5) and internal gear (6) are fixed on the wheel (3), external gear (5) and internal gear (6) also dispose the 3rd gear (11), described actuation gear (2) and the 3rd gear (11) engagement, described the 3rd gear (11) can be around actuation gear (2) rotations and are meshed with external gear (5) or internal gear (6) respectively.
5. motor vehicle transmission gear train according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described actuation gear (1) comprises first actuation gear (2A) and second actuation gear (2B), first actuation gear (2A) and second actuation gear (2B) are socketed on the live axle of drive motor (1), first actuation gear (2A) and external gear (5) engagement, second actuation gear (2B) and internal gear (6) engagement, interconnect by overrunning clutch respectively between first actuation gear (2A) and second actuation gear (2B) and the live axle, under the effect of overrunning clutch first actuation gear (2A) and second actuation gear (2B) only wheels (3) advance, internal gear (6) and external gear (5) all are fixed on the wheel (3).
CN2011101251836A 2011-05-12 2011-05-12 Transmission gear system of motor vehicle Pending CN102200177A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011101251836A CN102200177A (en) 2011-05-12 2011-05-12 Transmission gear system of motor vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011101251836A CN102200177A (en) 2011-05-12 2011-05-12 Transmission gear system of motor vehicle

Publications (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104976331A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-10-14 张洲 Radial transmission
CN106759836A (en) * 2017-01-21 2017-05-31 浙江绣山园林建设有限公司 A kind of municipal pipeline Accrete clearing device
CN109374454A (en) * 2018-12-07 2019-02-22 武汉理工大学 Multifunction road pavement material performance testing device and test method

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2750030Y (en) * 2004-11-18 2006-01-04 刘秋雄 Dismountable rolling door drive disc
US7011275B2 (en) * 2002-08-07 2006-03-14 Redfern Daniel J Internal spur gear drive
CN1916439A (en) * 2006-08-31 2007-02-21 尹家圣 Bidirectional drive
CN101363512A (en) * 2007-08-10 2009-02-11 邓跃民 Bidirectional input and double-speed output wheel train structure
CN201973186U (en) * 2011-05-12 2011-09-14 朱政 Transmission gear system of motor vehicle

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7011275B2 (en) * 2002-08-07 2006-03-14 Redfern Daniel J Internal spur gear drive
CN2750030Y (en) * 2004-11-18 2006-01-04 刘秋雄 Dismountable rolling door drive disc
CN1916439A (en) * 2006-08-31 2007-02-21 尹家圣 Bidirectional drive
CN101363512A (en) * 2007-08-10 2009-02-11 邓跃民 Bidirectional input and double-speed output wheel train structure
CN201973186U (en) * 2011-05-12 2011-09-14 朱政 Transmission gear system of motor vehicle

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104976331A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-10-14 张洲 Radial transmission
CN106759836A (en) * 2017-01-21 2017-05-31 浙江绣山园林建设有限公司 A kind of municipal pipeline Accrete clearing device
CN106759836B (en) * 2017-01-21 2019-04-02 浙江绣山园林建设有限公司 A kind of municipal pipeline Accrete clearing device
CN109374454A (en) * 2018-12-07 2019-02-22 武汉理工大学 Multifunction road pavement material performance testing device and test method

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Application publication date: 20110928