CN102180659A - Talcum building ceramic brick and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Talcum building ceramic brick and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102180659A
CN102180659A CN2011100625432A CN201110062543A CN102180659A CN 102180659 A CN102180659 A CN 102180659A CN 2011100625432 A CN2011100625432 A CN 2011100625432A CN 201110062543 A CN201110062543 A CN 201110062543A CN 102180659 A CN102180659 A CN 102180659A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
talcum
building ceramic
ceramic tiles
matter
raw
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN2011100625432A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102180659B (en
Inventor
江伟辉
朱庆霞
包镇红
谭训彦
虞澎澎
苗立锋
刘健敏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jingdezhen Ceramic Institute
Original Assignee
Jingdezhen Ceramic Institute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jingdezhen Ceramic Institute filed Critical Jingdezhen Ceramic Institute
Priority to CN201110062543.2A priority Critical patent/CN102180659B/en
Publication of CN102180659A publication Critical patent/CN102180659A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102180659B publication Critical patent/CN102180659B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/01Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on oxide ceramics
    • C04B35/16Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on oxide ceramics based on silicates other than clay
    • C04B35/18Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on oxide ceramics based on silicates other than clay rich in aluminium oxide
    • C04B35/195Alkaline earth aluminosilicates, e.g. cordierite or anorthite
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • C04B33/14Colouring matters
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/24Manufacture of porcelain or white ware
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/32Burning methods
    • C04B33/34Burning methods combined with glazing
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3201Alkali metal oxides or oxide-forming salts thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3205Alkaline earth oxides or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. beryllium oxide
    • C04B2235/3206Magnesium oxides or oxide-forming salts thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3205Alkaline earth oxides or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. beryllium oxide
    • C04B2235/3208Calcium oxide or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. lime
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3217Aluminum oxide or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. bauxite, alpha-alumina
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3427Silicates other than clay, e.g. water glass
    • C04B2235/3436Alkaline earth metal silicates, e.g. barium silicate
    • C04B2235/3454Calcium silicates, e.g. wollastonite
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3427Silicates other than clay, e.g. water glass
    • C04B2235/3463Alumino-silicates other than clay, e.g. mullite
    • C04B2235/3472Alkali metal alumino-silicates other than clay, e.g. spodumene, alkali feldspars such as albite or orthoclase, micas such as muscovite, zeolites such as natrolite
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/349Clays, e.g. bentonites, smectites such as montmorillonite, vermiculites or kaolines, e.g. illite, talc or sepiolite
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/70Aspects relating to sintered or melt-casted ceramic products
    • C04B2235/74Physical characteristics
    • C04B2235/77Density
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/70Aspects relating to sintered or melt-casted ceramic products
    • C04B2235/96Properties of ceramic products, e.g. mechanical properties such as strength, toughness, wear resistance

Abstract

The invention relates to a talcum building ceramic brick and a manufacturing method thereof. The talcum building ceramic brick comprises the following components by weight percent: 55-65% of SiO2, 10-25 of Al2O3, 10-25% of MgO, 1-4% of K2O, 0.3-1.5% of Na2O and 1-5% of CaO; the used raw material formula is as follows: 35-75% of talcum (wherein the ratio of raw talcum to burnt talcum is 0.1-1), 8-35% of long stone, 15-35% of kaolin, 0-5% of wollastonite and 2-10% of alumina powder; and in the general sintering process of the building ceramic brick, the sintering temperature is 1100-1250 DEG C. According to the invention, partial raw talcum and alumina powder are adopted, thereby overcoming the defect that the forming property of the talcum ceramic is poor and the sintering range of the talcum ceramic is narrow, thus the method is easy to popularize and apply.

Description

A kind of talcum matter building ceramic tiles and manufacture method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to the architectural pottery technical field, be specifically related to a kind of new material of building ceramic tiles, and a kind of method of producing this building ceramic tiles.
Background technology
Along with Chinese society and rapid economy development, the people's standard of living significantly improves, and people grow with each passing day to the demand of top-grade building ceramic tile, and high whiteness ceramic tile (ultrawhite brick) also so is deeply favored by the human consumer, has vast market prospect.Building ceramic tiles is through raw material processing, moulding and the product of making after technological process such as burning till by some natural mineral raws.Natural mineral can be mingled with deleterious metal oxides such as iron, manganese, titanium in very long earth's crust evolution process, these impurity can significantly reduce the whiteness of goods.For the glazing ceramic tile, because of there is the decoration glaze on its surface, it is less demanding to the whiteness of base substrate; And porcelain brick is the product of no glaze, because its billet surface does not have strong covering power, opaque glaze that whiteness is high, so porcelain brick requires very high to the whiteness of blank raw material self.Yet, through the fast development in 30 years of reform and opening-up,, meanwhile also having consumed the surprising ceramic raw material of quantity though China becomes the first in the world architectural pottery big producing country already, many fine ceramic raw material resources are or be on the brink of exhaustion.More and more hard to carry on by the conventional art route of using high-quality ceramic raw material production ultrawhite brick.Existing solution is to adopt high price whitening agent such as zirconium carbonate and zircon to improve the ceramic tile whiteness, though it can effectively increase the ceramic tile whiteness, but but significantly improved raw materials cost, and worse, since the zircon ore deposit in the nature forming process with uranium, thorium mine association, cause it to have radioactivity, excessive adding makes the ceramic tile radioactivity exceed standard easily, thereby damages to human body.Therefore, develop the new material of a kind of green building ceramic tile, make it both to have the whiteness of ultrawhite brick, do not have radiological hazard again, this sound development to China's building ceramic tiles is very significant.
China's talcum reserves are abundant, and with the whiteness height, quality is pure, and objectionable constituent are celebrated less, at home and abroad enjoy high reputation on the market, are maximum in the world talcum producing country and export States, and the talcum resources advantage is very outstanding.The talcum that utilizes high whiteness is as raw material production ultrawhite building ceramic tiles, and this is a strategic choice that suits very much China's national situation.Yet in Building Ceramics Industry, talcum uses as flux raw material, and its consumption is generally 1 ~ 5%.CN101037321A discloses radiationless ceramic tile of a kind of high whiteness and manufacture method thereof, its prescription consists of: burn talcum 15 ~ 60%, feldspar 15 ~ 30%, porcelain sand 5 ~ 30%, black mud 20 ~ 28%, firing temperature is 1210 ℃ ~ 1230 ℃, used talcum is to burn talcum through 1200 ℃ of incinerating, black mud wherein is a kind of secondary sedimentary clay, and porcelain sand then is quartzy mineral.The present invention adopts part to give birth to talcum and aluminum oxide powder by formulating of recipe and process optimization, has effectively overcome the shortcoming that the steatite ceramic processability is poor, firing range is narrow, is easy to apply.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiency that exists in the existing high white building ceramic tiles production, a kind of cold high whiten stone matter building ceramic tiles is provided, another object of the present invention provides the manufacture method of this building ceramic tiles.
A kind of talcum matter building ceramic tiles provided by the invention is characterized in that the chemical constitution of porcelain base is by weight: 55 ~ 65%SiO 2, 10 ~ 25%Al 2O 3, 10 ~ 25%MgO, 1 ~ 4%K 2O, 0.3 ~ 1.5%Na 2O, 1 ~ 5%CaO, the variation that the principal crystalline phase in the porcelain body is formed with blank can be a trichroite, or former enstatite, or the combination of two or three crystalline phase in these three kinds of crystalline phases of trichroite, former enstatite and mullite.
Above-mentioned talcum matter building ceramic tiles according to the difference of its sintering degree, can be a water-intake rate less than 0.5% porcelain brick, also can be that water-intake rate is 0.5 ~ 10% half porcelain brick, can also be water-intake rate greater than 10% ceramic brick.
Opaque glaze both can be executed in above-mentioned talcum matter building ceramic tiles surface, also can execute transparent.By secondary material distributing technology above-mentioned talcum matter building ceramic tiles blank can also be made talcum matter complex building ceramic tile as fabric cloth on the bed material by the inferior raw material preparation, talcum matter lining is 0.1 ~ 3 with the thickness ratio of bed material inferior.
A kind of method of producing above-mentioned talcum matter building ceramic tiles provided by the invention, the technological process of production is identical with at present general building ceramic tiles, it is characterized in that used composition of raw materials is by weight: talcum 35 ~ 75%(wherein: give birth to talcum and to burn the steatitic amount ratio be 0.1 ~ 1), feldspar 8 ~ 35%, kaolin 15 ~ 35%, wollastonite 0 ~ 5%, aluminum oxide powder 2 ~ 10%; Its firing temperature is: 1100 ~ 1250 ℃.
The present invention only calcines the part talcum in blank formulation, the mitogenetic talcum in reserve part (giving birth to talcum: burn talcum=0.1 ~ 1), the processability of blank is significantly improved, and it is distinct that the steatitic processing method is burnt in this and the described whole employings of document CN101037321A.
The present invention also adds 2 ~ 10% aluminum oxide powders in blank formulation, rather than as common steatite ceramic batching, introduce quartz (it also is to belong to introduce quartzy common process that document CN101037321A uses porcelain sand), this has the effect of two aspects: first part aluminum oxide powder in sintering process dissolves in the high temp glass liquid phase, significantly improve the high temperature viscosity of liquid phase, the firing range of base substrate is obviously enlarged; It two is that the partial oxidation aluminium powder reacts in base substrate and to form the trichroite crystalline phase.Because trichroite thermal expansivity (2.3 * 10 -6/ ℃) much smaller than the thermal expansivity (13.5 * 10 of former enstatite -6/ ℃), therefore the thermal expansivity of talcum matter building ceramic tiles of the present invention is less, and this helps improving the thermostability of talcum matter building ceramic tiles.
The talcum matter building ceramic tiles that adopts technique scheme to produce has following advantage:
1, compare with the existing ultrawhite brick of high price whitening agent production such as zircon that adopts, ceramic tile of the present invention not only has the advantage that the talcum raw material sources are wide, cost is low, but also has characteristics such as intensity height, "dead" harm.
2, compare with existing talcum matter building ceramic tiles, the present invention introduces part and gives birth to talcum and aluminum oxide powder in blank formulation, significantly improved the processability of talcum matter building ceramic tiles, and enlarged its firing range, is easy to apply.
3, the surface of existing building ceramic tile all is to execute opaque glaze, and ceramic brick surface of the present invention not only can be executed opaque glaze, but also can execute transparent, and this just decorates for the under glazed of building ceramic tiles possibility is provided, thereby improves the decorative effect of brick body greatly.
4, talcum matter building ceramic tiles blank cloth of the present invention can be made the complex building ceramic tile on other blank by the inferior raw material preparation by secondary material distributing technology, this is for breaking rare day by day these 'bottleneck' restrictions of high-quality ceramic raw material, further reduce raw materials cost, ensure that the Building Ceramics Industry Sustainable development all has crucial meaning.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment the present invention is described in further detail:
Embodiment 1
Take by weighing raw material by blank formulation: give birth to talcum 20%, burn talcum 45%, kaolin 18%, potassium felspar sand 10%, aluminum oxide 7%, the blank chemical constitution is: 58.84%SiO 2, 16.33%Al 2O 3, 20.44%MgO, 1.31%K 2O, 2.65%CaO, 0.43 %Na 2O.Above-mentioned raw materials is dropped in the ball mill, mixing and ball milling is to desired fineness (promptly the following particle accumulative total percentage ratio of 10 μ m accounts for more than 70%), sieve successively then, deironing, spray pulverization, compression moulding, burn till at 1220 ~ 1250 ℃ after drying and get final product, the performance index of products obtained therefrom are: water-intake rate 0.1 %, whiteness 82.8, folding strength 106.3MPa, the principal crystalline phase in the porcelain body are trichroite and former enstatite.
Embodiment 2
Take by weighing raw material by blank formulation: give birth to talcum 10%, burn talcum 35%, kaolin 25%, potassium felspar sand 20%, aluminum oxide 10%, the blank chemical constitution is: 57.54%SiO 2, 23.24%Al 2O 3, 14.17%MgO, 2.37 %K 2O, 1.97 %CaO, 0.71%Na 2O.Press embodiment 1 described preparation technology, burn till at 1170 ~ 1200 ℃ and get final product, the performance index of products obtained therefrom are: water-intake rate 0.3, and whiteness 72.1, folding strength 95.2MPa, the principal crystalline phase in the porcelain body are trichroite.
Embodiment 3
Take by weighing raw material by blank formulation: give birth to talcum 15%, burn talcum 35%, kaolin 15%, potassium felspar sand 29%, wollastonite 1%, aluminum oxide 5%, the blank chemical constitution is: 61.51 %SiO 2, 16.14%Al 2O 3, 15.58 %MgO, 3.18 %K 2O, 2.61 %CaO, 0.98%Na 2O.Make powder by embodiment 1 described preparation technology, by secondary material distributing technology it is covered on other blank by inferior raw material preparation as lining and to make talcum matter complex building ceramic tile, wherein lining is thick: bed material is thick=and 2, burn till at 1180 ~ 1200 ℃ and to get final product, the performance index of products obtained therefrom are: water-intake rate 0.2%, whiteness 78.7, folding strength 103.6MPa, the principal crystalline phase in the porcelain body are former enstatite and mullite.
Embodiment 4
Take by weighing raw material by blank formulation: give birth to talcum 14%, burn talcum 30%, kaolin 15%, potassium felspar sand 35%, aluminum oxide 6%, the blank chemical constitution is: 61.46 %SiO 2, 18.08%Al 2O 3, 13.71%MgO, 3.77 %K 2O, 1.82 %CaO, 1.15 %Na 2O.Make powder by embodiment 1 described preparation technology and be pressed into base substrate, after executing transparent on the base substrate, burn till at 1140-1160 ℃ and to get final product, the performance index of products obtained therefrom are: water-intake rate 2.1%, whiteness 71.8, folding strength 95.8MPa, the principal crystalline phase in the porcelain body are former enstatite.
Embodiment 5
Take by weighing raw material by blank formulation: give birth to talcum 8%, burn talcum 27%, kaolin 25%, potassium felspar sand 30%, wollastonite 3%, aluminum oxide 7%, the blank chemical constitution is: 59.73 %SiO 2, 21.60 %Al 2O 3, 10.97%MgO, 3.42%K 2O, 3.19%CaO, 1.00 %Na 2O.Make powder by embodiment 1 described preparation technology and be pressed into base substrate, after executing opaque glaze on the base substrate, burn till at 1120 ~ 1140 ℃ and to get final product, the performance index of products obtained therefrom are: water-intake rate 6.6%, whiteness 73.4, folding strength 88.2MPa, the principal crystalline phase in the porcelain body are former enstatite, mullite and trichroite.
Embodiment 6
Take by weighing raw material by blank formulation: give birth to talcum 22%, burn talcum 24%, kaolin 28%, potassium felspar sand 19%, wollastonite 5%, aluminum oxide 2%, the blank chemical constitution is: 61.89%SiO 2, 15.74%Al 2O 3, 14.70 %MgO, 2.44 %K 2O, 4.51%CaO, 0.71 %Na 2O.Make powder by embodiment 1 described preparation technology, by secondary material distributing technology it is covered on the bed material by inferior raw material preparation as lining and make talcum matter complex building ceramic tile, wherein lining is thick: bed material is thick=and 1.Burn till at 1150 ~ 1170 ℃ and to get final product, the performance index of products obtained therefrom are: water-intake rate 3.78%, and whiteness 73.9, folding strength 44.5MPa, the principal crystalline phase in the porcelain body are former enstatite, mullite and trichroite.
Embodiment 7
Take by weighing raw material by blank formulation: give birth to talcum 20%, burn talcum 55%, kaolin 15%, potassium felspar sand 8%, aluminum oxide 2%, the blank chemical constitution is: 62.04 %SiO 2, 9.93%Al 2O 3, 23.42 %MgO, 1.11 %K 2O, 3.11 %CaO, 0.37 %Na 2O.Make powder by embodiment 1 described preparation technology and be pressed into base substrate, after executing transparent on the base substrate, burn till at 1170 ~ 1200 ℃ and to get final product, the performance index of products obtained therefrom are: water-intake rate 15.6%, whiteness 85.7, folding strength 77.8MPa, the principal crystalline phase in the porcelain body are former enstatite, mullite and trichroite.
Embodiment 8
Take by weighing raw material by blank formulation: give birth to talcum 10%, burn talcum 27%, kaolin 33%, potassium felspar sand 20%, aluminum oxide 8%, wollastonite 2%, the blank chemical constitution is: 58.39 %SiO 2, 23.86%Al 2O 3, 11.75 %MgO, 2.50 %K 2O, 2.72%CaO, 0.72 %Na 2O.Make powder by embodiment 1 described preparation technology and be pressed into base substrate, after executing opaque glaze on the base substrate, burn till at 1100 ~ 1120 ℃ and to get final product, the performance index of products obtained therefrom are: water-intake rate 14.5%, whiteness 77.2, folding strength 73.2MPa, the principal crystalline phase in the porcelain body are trichroite and mullite.
Embodiment 9
Take by weighing raw material by blank formulation: give birth to talcum 5%, burn talcum 50%, kaolin 21%, potassium felspar sand 16%, wollastonite 4%, aluminum oxide 4%, the blank chemical constitution is: 60.68 %SiO 2, 15.07%Al 2O 3, 17.04 %MgO, 1.95 %K 2O, 4.69 %CaO, 0.58 %Na 2O.Make powder by embodiment 1 described preparation technology, by secondary material distributing technology it is covered on other blank by inferior raw material preparation as lining and to make talcum matter complex building ceramic tile, wherein lining is thick: bed material is thick=and 0.25, burn till at 1140 ~ 1160 ℃ and to get final product, the products obtained therefrom performance index are: water-intake rate 10.7%, product whiteness 80.8, folding strength 82.8MPa, the principal crystalline phase in the porcelain body are former enstatite, trichroite and mullite.

Claims (6)

1. a talcum matter building ceramic tiles is characterized in that its chemical constitution is by weight: 55 ~ 65%SiO 2, 10 ~ 25%Al 2O 3, 10 ~ 25%MgO, 1 ~ 4%K 2O, 0.3 ~ 1.5%Na 2O, 1 ~ 5%CaO, the principal crystalline phase in the porcelain body is a trichroite, or former enstatite, or the combination of two or three crystalline phase in these three kinds of crystalline phases of trichroite, former enstatite and mullite.
2. talcum matter building ceramic tiles according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: according to the difference of its sintering degree, talcum matter building ceramic tiles is a water-intake rate less than 0.5% porcelain brick, or water-intake rate is 0.5 ~ 10% half porcelain brick, or water-intake rate is greater than 10% ceramic brick.
3. talcum matter building ceramic tiles according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: cover on the bed material of being prepared by inferior raw material as lining with described talcum matter building ceramic tiles and make talcum matter complex building ceramic tile.
4. talcum matter building ceramic tiles according to claim 3 is characterized in that: talcum matter lining is 0.1 ~ 3 with the thickness ratio of bed material inferior.
5. according to claim 1 or 2 or 4 described talcum matter building ceramic tiles, it is characterized in that: billet surface has been executed opaque glaze, or has executed transparent.
6. method of producing talcum matter building ceramic tiles as claimed in claim 1 or 2, adopt the conventional firing process of building ceramic tiles, 1100 ~ 1250 ℃ of firing temperatures, it is characterized in that used composition of raw materials is by weight: talcum 35 ~ 75%, feldspar 8 ~ 35%, kaolin 15 ~ 35%, wollastonite 0 ~ 5%, aluminum oxide powder 2 ~ 10%; Described talcum is 0.1 ~ 1 to mix and form by giving birth to talcum and burning talcum by weight.
CN201110062543.2A 2011-03-16 2011-03-16 A kind of talcum building ceramic brick and manufacture method thereof Active CN102180659B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110062543.2A CN102180659B (en) 2011-03-16 2011-03-16 A kind of talcum building ceramic brick and manufacture method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110062543.2A CN102180659B (en) 2011-03-16 2011-03-16 A kind of talcum building ceramic brick and manufacture method thereof
PCT/CN2011/076801 WO2012122760A1 (en) 2011-03-16 2011-07-04 Talc ceramic building tile and manufacturing method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102180659A true CN102180659A (en) 2011-09-14
CN102180659B CN102180659B (en) 2016-06-15

Family

ID=44566979

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201110062543.2A Active CN102180659B (en) 2011-03-16 2011-03-16 A kind of talcum building ceramic brick and manufacture method thereof

Country Status (2)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102180659B (en)
WO (1) WO2012122760A1 (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102786298A (en) * 2012-08-22 2012-11-21 湖南仙凤瓷业有限公司 Magnesian ceramic blank, magnesian ceramic and preparation method thereof
CN103058639A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-04-24 山东安勒特生态陶瓷纤维有限公司 750 DEG C talc refractory fiber
CN103819181A (en) * 2014-01-25 2014-05-28 景德镇陶瓷学院 Middle-temperature-sintered cordierite heatproof porcelain and preparation method thereof
CN105330274A (en) * 2014-08-07 2016-02-17 湖北金海达新型材料有限公司 Ultrathin ultra-white talc constructional ceramic tile and manufacturing method thereof
CN105801149A (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-07-27 岑溪市新建球陶瓷有限公司 Fire-resistant tile
CN107129150A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-09-05 佛山市大千色釉料有限公司 A kind of high abrasion glaze for glazed tile and preparation method thereof
CN108191390A (en) * 2018-03-09 2018-06-22 重庆市欧华陶瓷有限责任公司 A kind of high-strength ceramic brick and its preparation process
CN108383513A (en) * 2018-04-16 2018-08-10 湖南格林美映鸿资源循环有限公司 A kind of talcum ceramic material and preparation method thereof
CN112794707A (en) * 2021-04-14 2021-05-14 佛山市东鹏陶瓷有限公司 High-whiteness and high-strength light-transmitting ceramic tile and preparation method thereof

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101037321A (en) * 2006-03-15 2007-09-19 梁桐灿 Non-radiation ceramic tile with high whiteness and manufacturing technique thereof
CN101070240A (en) * 2006-05-11 2007-11-14 霍镰泉 Super-white polished brick
CN101717248A (en) * 2009-11-20 2010-06-02 景德镇陶瓷学院 Mid-lower-temperature sintering daily talc ceramic and production method thereof

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101037321A (en) * 2006-03-15 2007-09-19 梁桐灿 Non-radiation ceramic tile with high whiteness and manufacturing technique thereof
CN101070240A (en) * 2006-05-11 2007-11-14 霍镰泉 Super-white polished brick
CN101717248A (en) * 2009-11-20 2010-06-02 景德镇陶瓷学院 Mid-lower-temperature sintering daily talc ceramic and production method thereof

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102786298A (en) * 2012-08-22 2012-11-21 湖南仙凤瓷业有限公司 Magnesian ceramic blank, magnesian ceramic and preparation method thereof
CN102786298B (en) * 2012-08-22 2013-10-09 湖南仙凤瓷业有限公司 Magnesian ceramic blank, magnesian ceramic and preparation method thereof
CN103058639A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-04-24 山东安勒特生态陶瓷纤维有限公司 750 DEG C talc refractory fiber
CN103058639B (en) * 2012-12-12 2014-07-23 山东安勒特生态陶瓷纤维有限公司 750 DEG C talc refractory fiber
CN103819181A (en) * 2014-01-25 2014-05-28 景德镇陶瓷学院 Middle-temperature-sintered cordierite heatproof porcelain and preparation method thereof
CN103819181B (en) * 2014-01-25 2015-10-21 景德镇陶瓷学院 A kind of intermediate sintering temperature cordierite heat resisting porcelain and preparation method thereof
CN105330274A (en) * 2014-08-07 2016-02-17 湖北金海达新型材料有限公司 Ultrathin ultra-white talc constructional ceramic tile and manufacturing method thereof
CN105801149A (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-07-27 岑溪市新建球陶瓷有限公司 Fire-resistant tile
CN107129150A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-09-05 佛山市大千色釉料有限公司 A kind of high abrasion glaze for glazed tile and preparation method thereof
CN108191390A (en) * 2018-03-09 2018-06-22 重庆市欧华陶瓷有限责任公司 A kind of high-strength ceramic brick and its preparation process
CN108383513A (en) * 2018-04-16 2018-08-10 湖南格林美映鸿资源循环有限公司 A kind of talcum ceramic material and preparation method thereof
CN112794707A (en) * 2021-04-14 2021-05-14 佛山市东鹏陶瓷有限公司 High-whiteness and high-strength light-transmitting ceramic tile and preparation method thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102180659B (en) 2016-06-15
WO2012122760A1 (en) 2012-09-20

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102180659B (en) A kind of talcum building ceramic brick and manufacture method thereof
CN104926281A (en) Preparation method of low-cost ultra-white porcelain tile
CN105693200B (en) A kind of Jing Dezhen shadow is blue or green to strengthen porcelain and preparation method thereof
CN104496438B (en) A kind of quartz sand ore mine tailing or silica sand ore deposit mine tailing base high-strength ceramic plate and preparation method thereof
CN105294057B (en) A kind of preparation technology of ultra-thin pottery brick
CN101891455A (en) Middle-low temperature sintered fine bone china and production method thereof
CN103539428B (en) A kind of strengthening Bone China and preparation method thereof
CN102030513A (en) Industrial purple sand product materials and manufacturing method
CN105036703A (en) High-dense low-water-absorption ceramic product and preparation method thereof
CN102173740A (en) Method for manufacturing glazed brick by utilizing silico-calcium slag
CN102603268A (en) Mud for sanitary ceramics and mud preparation process
CN107216127A (en) Dehua pearl white porcelain and its preparation technology
CN108892478B (en) Low-temperature porcelain and preparation method thereof
CN106365673A (en) Low-temperature quick burning daily ceramic and production process thereof
CN103755330B (en) Desert wind sand is utilized to prepare the method for quartzose pottery
CN103086697B (en) High-calcium ceramic and preparation process thereof
CN106977097B (en) Raw glaze for transparent high-gloss medium-temperature hard porcelain and preparation method thereof
CN105330274A (en) Ultrathin ultra-white talc constructional ceramic tile and manufacturing method thereof
CN104291785A (en) High-grade porcelain crystal magnesium jade porcelain and preparation method thereof
CN1071658A (en) Self-releasing enamel low-temp ceramics
CN104418336B (en) A kind of synthetic wollastonite and albumen porcelain and its manufacture method containing the synthetic wollastonite
CN102515704B (en) Hua celadon and preparation method thereof
CN103030366A (en) Red porcelain and method for producing same
CN102557451A (en) Formula and production process by using kaolin to produce microcrystal plates
CN102515729B (en) Red-mud ceramic tableware and preparation method thereof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 333000 Tao Yang South Road, Jiangxi, Jingdezhen

Patentee after: JINGDEZHEN CERAMIC INSTITUTE

Address before: 333000 Tao Yang South Road, Jiangxi, Jingdezhen

Patentee before: Jingdezhen College of Ceramic Industry

C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee