CN106365673A - Low-temperature quick burning daily ceramic and production process thereof - Google Patents

Low-temperature quick burning daily ceramic and production process thereof Download PDF

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CN106365673A
CN106365673A CN201610786234.2A CN201610786234A CN106365673A CN 106365673 A CN106365673 A CN 106365673A CN 201610786234 A CN201610786234 A CN 201610786234A CN 106365673 A CN106365673 A CN 106365673A
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parts
low temperature
ceramic
domestic ceramics
dispersant
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苏康福
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FUJIAN QUANZHOU LONGPENG GROUP Co Ltd
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FUJIAN QUANZHOU LONGPENG GROUP Co Ltd
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    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/01Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on oxide ceramics
    • C04B35/03Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on oxide ceramics based on magnesium oxide, calcium oxide or oxide mixtures derived from dolomite
    • C04B35/057Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on oxide ceramics based on magnesium oxide, calcium oxide or oxide mixtures derived from dolomite based on calcium oxide
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    • C04B2235/3427Silicates other than clay, e.g. water glass
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    • C04B2235/442Carbonates

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of ceramic production, in particular to low-temperature quick burning daily ceramic and a production process thereof. According to the low-temperature quick burning daily ceramic and the production process thereof, main raw materials suitable for low-temperature quick burning are selected, and most of the raw materials are selected from materials which are abundant in resources, low in cost and highly available; the raw material resources can be fully used, and the production cost is reduced; by control over the particle size distribution, the raw material constituents and burning of the raw materials, substantial reduction of the burning temperature is realized. Air bubbles exist in the ceramic burnt by a burning method of the low-temperature quick burning daily ceramic due to a microstructure, so that the ceramic is light in mass, and all performance indexes can meet the requirement on a daily ceramic blank body; the low-temperature quick burning daily ceramic and the production process thereof have important significance for development of cyclic economy and construction of a resource-saving and environment-friendly society.

Description

Low temperature speed burns lightweight domestic ceramics and its processing technology
Technical field
The present invention relates to ceramic fabrication technique field, it is specifically related to a kind of low temperature speed and burns lightweight domestic ceramics and its making Technique.
Background technology
Ceramic industry is energy consumption rich and influential family, account for very big ratio in energy resource consumption, and reducing Production of Ceramics energy consumption is pottery One long-term and important task of industry.In all of consumption-reducing method, reduce the firing temperature of base substrate, realizing low temperature fast firing is Solve the excessive essence method of energy consumption, its superiority is built consensus on ceramic boundary.
At present, more than the common domestic ceramics that porcelain area in Dehua is produced using traditional quartzy feldspathic clay three component it is Basic constituent system, firing temperature is substantially at 1280 DEG C about.The feature of this thing system be abundant raw material source, cheap, Processing characteristics is excellent, the physicochemical property of product is good.But existing technical conditions do not enable low temperature fast firing technique it is impossible to reach The purpose of reducing energy consumption.Although some enterprises slightly reduce the firing temperature of base substrate, product water absorption rate is high, porcelain base intensity Low it is impossible to reach household china performance requirement.
Dehua is for exporting as " world's town of porcelain " its main ceramic product, the pottery of export requirement with domestic not With more is light china, therefore, if being therefore provided that a kind of low temperature speed burns pottery, and meets the pottery lightweight of export standard Porcelain production technology, is very significant considering that there is positive economic and social benefit to the Production of Ceramics industry in Dehua porcelain area.
Content of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of low temperature speed is burnt lightweight domestic ceramics and its is made work Skill.
For achieving the above object, a kind of low temperature speed that the present invention provides burns lightweight domestic ceramics it is characterised in that described The raw material weight of base substrate is as follows: calcite 20-30 part, dolomite 20-30 part, cullet 10-15 part, bentonite 10-15, calcining Talcum 5-10 part, albite 5-10, potassium feldspar 5-10, zeolite powder 1-5, aluminium oxide 1-5 part, magnesium oxide part 1-5, soda 1-5 part, Dispersant 1-3 part;
The chemical constituent of base substrate is as follows: sio250-60%, na2O 10-15%, cao 5-10%, al2o35-10%, Mgo 5-10%, k2O 1-5%, cl 0.1-0.5%, fe2o30.1-0.5%, so30.01-0.05%, cr2o30.01- 0.05%.
Optimize, described dispersant is one or more of sodium hexameta phosphate, sodium silicate and cmc.
Optimize, the raw material weight of base substrate is as follows: 23 parts of calcite, 22 parts of dolomite, 12 parts of cullet, bentonite 10, 8 parts of calcination of talc, albite 6, potassium feldspar 8, zeolite powder 4,3 parts of aluminium oxide, 2 parts of magnesium oxide, 1 part of soda, 1 part of dispersant.
Optimize, the weight of base substrate is as follows: 25 parts of calcite, 21 parts of dolomite, 13 parts of cullet, bentonite 11, calcining 5 parts of Talcum, albite 6, potassium feldspar 5, zeolite powder 3,2 parts of aluminium oxide, 4 parts of magnesium oxide, 2 parts of soda, 3 parts of dispersant.
Optimize, the weight of base substrate is as follows: 22 parts of calcite, 25 parts of dolomite, 10 parts of cullet, bentonite 13, calcining 6 parts of Talcum, albite 8, potassium feldspar 6, zeolite powder 2,1 part of aluminium oxide, 1 part of magnesium oxide, 4 parts of soda, 2 parts of dispersant.
A kind of low temperature speed burns the processing technology of lightweight domestic ceramics, prepares above-mentioned low temperature speed and burns lightweight domestic ceramics, tool Body step is as follows:
Step 1, batch weighing, by low temperature speed burning, lightweight domestic ceramics formula carries out dispensing, the raw material in addition to dispersant enters Row mixing crushes, sieves, and obtains material powder;
Step 2, slurrying, the material powder after above-mentioned pulverizing and dispersant wet ball mill make slurry;
Step 4, foaming, add foaming agent in the slurry of step 2, and be sufficiently stirred for, obtain foamed slurry;
Step 5, centrifugal atomizing, foamed slurry is injected in centrifugal atomizing drying equipment, is made for ceramic body;
Step 6, glazing, opaque glaze on ceramic body surface;
Step 7, burns till, and after band ceramic body glaze paint is dried, ceramic body is put in kiln, forms by a firing, burn till temperature Spend for 800-850 DEG C.
Further, in step 1, raw material is ground into 25-50 μm of fine powder.
Further, in step 7, furnace heating-up, to firing temperature, is incubated 1-2 hour, and slow cooling is to cooling.
From the above-mentioned description of this invention, the low temperature speed that the present invention provides is burnt lightweight domestic ceramics and its is made work Skill, select be suitable for low temperature and fast firing primary raw material, selection be mostly aboundresources, cheap, easy acquisition former Material, can make full use of raw material resources, reduce production cost, by the control that the grain composition of raw material, raw material are formed and burn till Realize firing temperature significantly to reduce.The method for cooking of the low temperature biscuiting domestic ceramics being provided using the present invention is burnt out , there is bubble in pottery so that ceramic mass is light in its microstructure, but properties be attained by household china base substrate in pottery Requirement;This kind of low temperature speed burns lightweight domestic ceramics and its processing technology, to developing a circular economy, Resources for construction economizing type, ring Border friendly society is significant.
Specific embodiment
Below by way of specific embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Low temperature speed burns lightweight domestic ceramics, and the raw material weight of described base substrate is as follows: calcite 20-30 part, dolomite 20-30 Part, cullet 10-15 part, bentonite 10-15, calcination of talc 5-10 part, albite 5-10, potassium feldspar 5-10, zeolite powder 1-5, Aluminium oxide 1-5 part, magnesium oxide part 1-5, soda 1-5 part, dispersant 1-3 part;
The chemical constituent of base substrate is as follows: sio250-60%, na2O 10-15%, cao 5-10%, al2o35-10%, Mgo 5-10%, k2O 1-5%, cl 0.1-0.5%, fe2o30.1-0.5%, so30.01-0.05%, cr2o30.01- 0.05%;
Dispersant is one or more of sodium hexameta phosphate, sodium silicate and cmc.
Specific embodiment one:
Low temperature speed burns lightweight domestic ceramics, and the raw material weight of described base substrate is as follows: 23 parts of calcite, 22 parts of dolomite, useless 12 parts of glass, bentonite 10,8 parts of calcination of talc, albite 6, potassium feldspar 8, zeolite powder 4,3 parts of aluminium oxide, 2 parts of magnesium oxide, pure 1 part of alkali, 1 part of sodium silicate;
The chemical constituent of base substrate is as follows: sio256.3%th, na2O 14.2%, cao 8.4%, al2o38.5%th, mgo 8.6%th, k2O 3.2%, cl 0.35%, fe2o30.4%th, so30.03%th, cr2o30.02%.
Specific embodiment two:
Low temperature speed burns lightweight domestic ceramics, and the raw material weight of described base substrate is as follows: 25 parts of calcite, 21 parts of dolomite, useless 13 parts of glass, bentonite 11,5 parts of calcination of talc, albite 6, potassium feldspar 5, zeolite powder 3,2 parts of aluminium oxide, 4 parts of magnesium oxide, pure 2 parts of alkali, cmc3 part.
The chemical constituent of base substrate is as follows: sio258.8%th, na2O 13.2%, cao 9.8%, al2o36.7%th, mgo 6.6%th, k2O 4.25%, cl 0.33%, fe2o30.25%th, so30.03%th, cr2o30.04%.
Specific embodiment three:
Low temperature speed burns lightweight domestic ceramics, and the raw material weight of described base substrate is as follows: 22 parts of calcite, 25 parts of dolomite, useless 10 parts of glass, bentonite 13,6 parts of calcination of talc, albite 8, potassium feldspar 6, zeolite powder 2,1 part of aluminium oxide, 1 part of magnesium oxide, pure 4 parts of alkali, 2 parts of sodium hexameta phosphate;
The chemical constituent of base substrate is as follows: sio250-60%, na2O 10-15%, cao 5-10%, al2o35-10%, Mgo 5-10%, k2O 1-5%, cl 0.1-0.5%, fe2o30.1-0.5%, so30.01-0.05%, cr2o30.01- 0.05%.
Low temperature speed burns the processing technology of lightweight domestic ceramics, prepares the low temperature speed burning lightweight day that specific embodiment one to three is stated With pottery, specifically comprise the following steps that
Step 1, batch weighing, by low temperature speed burning, lightweight domestic ceramics formula carries out dispensing, the raw material in addition to dispersant enters Row mixing crushes, sieves, and raw material is ground into 25-50 μm of fine powder, obtains material powder;
Step 2, slurrying, the material powder after above-mentioned pulverizing and dispersant wet ball mill make slurry;
Step 4, foaming, add foaming agent in the slurry of step 2, and be sufficiently stirred for, obtain foamed slurry;
Step 5, centrifugal atomizing, foamed slurry is injected in centrifugal atomizing drying equipment, is made for ceramic body;
Step 6, glazing, opaque glaze on ceramic body surface;
Step 7, burns till, and after band ceramic body glaze paint is dried, ceramic body is put in kiln, forms by a firing, burn till temperature Spend for 800-850 DEG C, after furnace heating-up to firing temperature, be incubated 1-2 hour, slow cooling is to cooling.
The low temperature biscuiting domestic ceramics that the present invention provides, the firing temperature for realizing base substrate significantly reduces, and selects Unique composition of raw materials, the component of each raw material is curved about the mark how reducing firing temperature and meeting domestic ceramics Standard is determined, such as in order to avoid during fast burning because quartz produces fried base when 573 DEG C of crystal formations occur to change, former Material is not using quartzy class raw material, and selected the cullet of part to substitute quartz raw material, in order to reduce firing temperature in blank In increased substantial amounts of fluxed raw material, and in blank introduce bentonite as plasticizer etc..
The pottery that the method for cooking of the low temperature biscuiting domestic ceramics being provided using the present invention is burnt out, in its microstructure There is bubble in pottery so that ceramic mass is light, but properties are attained by the requirement of household china base substrate, through detection, The ceramic index that specific embodiment one to three is produced is as follows:
Above are only a specific embodiment of the present invention, but the design concept of the present invention is not limited thereto, all profits With this design, the present invention is carried out with the change of unsubstantiality, the behavior invading the scope of the present invention all should be belonged to.

Claims (8)

1. low temperature speed burns lightweight domestic ceramics it is characterised in that the raw material weight of described base substrate is as follows: calcite 20-30 part, white Marble 20-30 part, cullet 10-15 part, bentonite 10-15, calcination of talc 5-10 part, albite 5-10, potassium feldspar 5-10, boiling Stone powder 1-5, aluminium oxide 1-5 part, magnesium oxide part 1-5, soda 1-5 part, dispersant 1-3 part;
The chemical constituent of base substrate is as follows: sio250-60%, na2O 10-15%, cao 5-10%, al2o35-10%, mgo 5- 10%th, k2O 1-5%, cl 0.1-0.5%, fe2o30.1-0.5%, so30.01-0.05%, cr2o30.01-0.05%.
2. low temperature speed according to claim 1 burns lightweight domestic ceramics it is characterised in that described dispersant is hexa metaphosphoric acid One or more of sodium, sodium silicate and cmc.
3. low temperature according to claim 1 and 2 speed burns lightweight domestic ceramics it is characterised in that the raw material weight of described base substrate Amount as follows: 23 parts of calcite, 22 parts of dolomite, 12 parts of cullet, bentonite 10,8 parts of calcination of talc, albite 6, potassium feldspar 8, Zeolite powder 4,3 parts of aluminium oxide, 2 parts of magnesium oxide, 1 part of soda, 1 part of dispersant.
4. low temperature according to claim 1 and 2 speed burn lightweight domestic ceramics it is characterised in that the weight of described base substrate such as Under: 25 parts of calcite, 21 parts of dolomite, 13 parts of cullet, bentonite 11,5 parts of calcination of talc, albite 6, potassium feldspar 5, zeolite Powder 3,2 parts of aluminium oxide, 4 parts of magnesium oxide, 2 parts of soda, 3 parts of dispersant.
5. low temperature speed according to claim 5 burns lightweight domestic ceramics it is characterised in that the weight of described base substrate is as follows: 22 parts of calcite, 25 parts of dolomite, 10 parts of cullet, bentonite 13,6 parts of calcination of talc, albite 8, potassium feldspar 6, zeolite powder 2nd, 1 part of aluminium oxide, 1 part of magnesium oxide, 4 parts of soda, 2 parts of dispersant.
6. a kind of low temperature speed burns the processing technology of lightweight domestic ceramics, the low temperature speed described in preparation claim 1-5 any one Burn lightweight domestic ceramics, specifically comprise the following steps that
Step 1, batch weighing, by low temperature speed burning, lightweight domestic ceramics formula carries out dispensing, the raw material in addition to dispersant is mixed Conjunction crushes, sieves, and obtains material powder;
Step 2, slurrying, the material powder after above-mentioned pulverizing and dispersant wet ball mill make slurry;
Step 4, foaming, add foaming agent in the slurry of step 2, and be sufficiently stirred for, obtain foamed slurry;
Step 5, centrifugal atomizing, foamed slurry is injected in centrifugal atomizing drying equipment, is made for ceramic body;
Step 6, glazing, opaque glaze on ceramic body surface;
Step 7, burns till, and after band ceramic body glaze paint is dried, ceramic body is put in kiln, forms by a firing, firing temperature is 800-850℃.
7. low temperature according to claim 6 speed burn lightweight domestic ceramics processing technology it is characterised in that: step 1 Central Plains Material is ground into 25-50 μm of fine powder.
8. low temperature according to claim 6 speed burn lightweight domestic ceramics processing technology it is characterised in that: kiln in step 7 After stove is warming up to firing temperature, it is incubated 1-2 hour, slow cooling is to cooling.
CN201610786234.2A 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 Low-temperature quick burning daily ceramic and production process thereof Pending CN106365673A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107056234A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-08-18 福建省德化县艺韵陶瓷有限公司 Health ceramic is formulated
CN108640667A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-10-12 福建省德化县邦威陶瓷有限公司 A kind of easy fired light ceramics product and its manufacturing process
CN109133855A (en) * 2018-09-17 2019-01-04 泉州市陶瓷科学技术研究所 Low temperature light ceramics and its preparation process

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107056234A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-08-18 福建省德化县艺韵陶瓷有限公司 Health ceramic is formulated
CN108640667A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-10-12 福建省德化县邦威陶瓷有限公司 A kind of easy fired light ceramics product and its manufacturing process
CN109133855A (en) * 2018-09-17 2019-01-04 泉州市陶瓷科学技术研究所 Low temperature light ceramics and its preparation process

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Application publication date: 20170201