CN102116410B - System and method for managing air inflation of storage tank by combining information identification - Google Patents

System and method for managing air inflation of storage tank by combining information identification Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102116410B
CN102116410B CN200910249592.XA CN200910249592A CN102116410B CN 102116410 B CN102116410 B CN 102116410B CN 200910249592 A CN200910249592 A CN 200910249592A CN 102116410 B CN102116410 B CN 102116410B
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holding vessel
information
gas
inflation
management
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CN102116410A (en
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杨源生
萧逢祥
张鸿喜
陈志学
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Yatai Fuel Cell Sci & Tech Co Ltd
Asia Pacific Fuel Cell Technologies Ltd
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Yatai Fuel Cell Sci & Tech Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a system and a method for managing air inflation of a storage tank by combining information identification. The system for managing the air inflation of the storage tank comprises an identification information transmitting device, a control device, and air filling equipment, and is used for managing the air inflation of at least one storage tank; the storage tank is provided with an information identification label used for storing at least one piece of storage information; and after the label information on the storage tank is read by the identification information transmitting device, an air inflation condition is set by the control device according to the label information, and the air filling equipment inflates the storage tank according to the air inflation condition. Therefore, air inflation can be managed appropriately according to different types of the storage tanks to ensure that the system achieves the optimal effect during actual application.

Description

The holding vessel inflation management system and method for combining information identification
Technical field
The invention relates to a kind of inflation administrative skill of holding vessel, particularly about a kind of holding vessel inflation management system and method for combining information identification.
Background technique
Be used as the storage device of gas with holding vessel, be suitable general, hereby explained for hydrogen storing tank: other products being no matter hydrogen energy fuel battery system or application hydrogen energy fuel battery are all the supplies needing hydrogen.The technology of current hydrogen storage mainly can be divided into pressurized gas, liquid hydrogen and hydrogen bearing alloy three kinds, and wherein the energy of high pressure gas storage hydrogen mode, weight, density are higher, but volume is comparatively large, and Security is poor.Though the energy of liquid hydrogen storage hydrogen mode, weight, density are also higher, but liquefaction energy ezpenditure is large, must use heat insulation storage tank, compare and be suitable for use in bulk storage groove simultaneously.In general application, should be comparatively practical with hydrogen bearing alloy; And the technology of hydrogen bearing alloy, mainly using hydrogen storing tank as the storage container of hydrogen.
No matter be the portable carrier or fixation type, the portable type power system that use hydrogen storing tank, after hydrogen storing tank has supplied hydrogen, then need to carry out hydrogen make-up, generally directly exchange new hydrogen storing tank at switching station, and by switching station, the holding vessel having supplied hydrogen is transported to dealer and fills hydrogen, or directly fill hydrogen by switching station.
Summary of the invention
The present invention for solve technical problem
But the specification of holding vessel, of a great variety, the situation of use is also different, and the information such as net weight, gas storage material category, inflation times of each holding vessel has difference.In existing gas replenishment process, often only can reach rough inflation requirements, and the difference between being difficult in response to different holding vessel carries out suitable adjustment, the condition of various holding vessel before inflation differs, causing in using effect after inflation has larger difference to occur, and then make the Hydrogen Energy such as fuel cell system or fuel cell electric vehicle application system, there occurs all problems in use, such as: holding vessel does not fill the phenomenons such as full.
Edge this, namely object of the present invention is to provide a kind of holding vessel inflation management system and method for combining information identification, suitable inflation management is carried out in response to various holding vessel and different gas, with the effect making holding vessel can play the best when practical application in order to coordinate.
The technological means that the present invention deals with problems
The technological means that the present invention adopts for the problem solving prior art comprises an identifying information transmitting set, a control gear and a gas recyclers and gas handling equipment, in order to carry out inflation management at least one holding vessel, this holding vessel is configured with an information identification tag, in order to store at least one holding vessel information.
First, after reading the label information on holding vessel through identifying information transmitting set, after making discriminating data by control gear according to this label information, set a venting condition, then with this venting condition, holding vessel is inflated by gas recyclers and gas handling equipment.
In the preferred embodiment, after inflation, more detect the gas storage amount of holding vessel, and with the gas storage amount detected to upgrade label information.In addition, also by gas storage amount compared with a calibrating gas storage volume, judge whether the gas storage capability of holding vessel fails according to this.
The present invention contrasts effect of prior art
Via the technology used in the present invention means, in the inflation management of holding vessel, can facilitate and quickly move through reading tag information and differentiation, to carry out optimal venting condition (such as: force value, temperature value, gas flow values etc.) setting in response to various holding vessel, reach good inflation effect.And through lastest imformation identification label information, store the data of gas replenishment process in system parameter data storehouse, make its data can review in the future and to have mark to follow, the situation of sustainable grasp holding vessel in management like this, no matter make it be in inflation, detect, reclaim inspection, maintenance each side, this information and system parameter data storehouse all can be relied on as basis for estimation, various holding vessel is made to be convenient to unified management, improve inflation management quality, to make holding vessel under good management, when practical application, more can play best effect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram that practical application of the present invention is incorporated into holding vessel detection, delivery operation;
Fig. 2 is system schematic of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the circuit block diagram of display information identification tag;
Fig. 4 is the operational flowchart of first embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the operational flowchart of second embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the system schematic of another embodiment of the present invention.
Drawing reference numeral:
100 holding vessel inflation management systems
1 control gear
11 processing units
12 storage unit
2 identifying information transmitting sets
3 gas recyclers and gas handling equipments
31 gas supply devices
311 pressure regulating units
312 flowmeters
32 tanks
321 water
322 temperature sensors
33 temperature-adjusting devices
331 cooling units
332 cold rinse banks
4 weight measurement unit
5 holding vessels
6 information identification tag
61 processing units
62 radio frequency transceiving module
63 storage unit
A1 holding vessel Zan Zhu district
A2 pre-process working area
A3 detection zone
A4 package handling district
D build date
DB system parameter data storehouse
F gas flow
Fs flow of aerating air reference value
H gas source
ID holding vessel information
K gas storage material category
L gas feedthroughs
N inflation times
N0 holding vessel sequence number
Ps inflation pressure setting value
S1 inflation pressure regulated signal
S2 gas-filling temperature control signal
T water temperature value
Ts gas-filling temperature setting value
W, W0 gas storage amount
Wf holding vessel weight
Ws calibrating gas storage volume
Wt holding vessel net weight
Embodiment
Specific embodiment of the present invention, by by following embodiment and to be attachedly further described in graphic.
Refer to Fig. 1, Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram that practical application of the present invention is incorporated into holding vessel detection, delivery operation.As shown in Figure 1, when holding vessel inflation management system 100 is applied to holding vessel detection, delivery operation, a holding vessel Zan Zhu district A1, a pre-process working area A2, a detection zone A3 and a package handling district A4 is combined with.
Holding vessel inflation management system 100 includes a control gear 1, and it is connected with identifying information transmitting set 2 and a gas recyclers and gas handling equipment 3, and gas recyclers and gas handling equipment 3 provides gas to give holding vessel 5 (referring to Fig. 2) via a gas source H.
As Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 shows the circuit block diagram of system schematic of the present invention and information identification tag respectively.The control gear 1 of holding vessel inflation management system 100, include processing unit 11 and a storage unit 12, this processing unit 11 connects identifying information transmitting set 2 and a weight measurement unit 4; Storage unit 12 is connection handling unit 11 then, stores the data such as venting condition in it, comprising: a system parameter data storehouse DB, an inflation pressure value Ps, a gas-filling temperature value Ts and a flow of aerating air reference value Fs etc.; And in the DB of system parameter data storehouse, store the parameter information such as calibrating gas storage volume Ws and gas storage material category K of various holding vessel.
Gas recyclers and gas handling equipment 3 includes gas supply device 31, tank 32 and a temperature-adjusting device 33, and this gas supply device 31 is supplied to a holding vessel 5 in order to the gas permeation one gas feedthroughs L provided by gas source H.A pressure regulating unit 311 and flow meters 312 is provided with in gas feedthroughs L; Pressure regulating unit 311 is in order to regulate inflation pressure when inflating holding vessel 5; Flowmeter 312 is in order to measure gas flow F when inflating holding vessel 5.
Be equipped with a certain amount of water 321 in tank 32, and be provided with the temperature sensor 322 that is connected to processing unit 11, in order to sense the water temperature value T of tank 32.And temperature-adjusting device 33 is in order to regulate the external skin temperatures of holding vessel 5, it includes cooling unit 331 and a cold rinse bank 332, and this cold rinse bank 332 is connected with tank 32, and it can be cooled by cooling unit 331, use the water temperature regulated in tank 32, be beneficial to the operation of inflating.
Holding vessel 5 is configured with an information identification tag 6.In the present embodiment, information identification tag 6 is a wireless radio frequency identification mark (Radio Frequency Identification Tag, RFID Tag), and it includes processing unit 61, radio frequency transceiving module 62 and a storage unit 63.
This radio frequency transceiving module 62 is in order to transmitting/receiving wireless radio signal; And in storage unit 63, storing at least one holding vessel Information ID, it includes holding vessel sequence number No., build date D, holding vessel net weight Wt, gas storage amount W0, inflation times N or gas storage material category K etc.
Refer to Fig. 4, Fig. 4 is the operational flowchart of first embodiment of the invention, and please coordinates earlier figures 1 to Fig. 3 simultaneously, and the operational flowchart hereby with regard to present pre-ferred embodiments is described as follows.
Holding vessel 5 is after having supplied gas, and user can be sent to switching station and directly exchange new holding vessel.Can directly carry out inflating or be transported to dealer by switching station to inflate.Holding vessel 5 then can be concentrated in the holding vessel Zan Zhu district A1 at switching station or dealer place temporary, when carrying out inflation management, then is transported in the A2 of pre-process working area, first carries out pre-sorting time if necessary.Now read the holding vessel Information ID (step 101) be configured on holding vessel 5 in information identification tag 6 through identifying information transmitting set 2 (being a wireless radio frequency recognition read-write equipment in the present embodiment), to obtain holding vessel sequence number No., build date D, holding vessel net weight Wt, gas storage amount W0, inflation times N or gas storage material category etc. by the processing unit 11 of control gear 1.
After reading holding vessel Information ID, by processing unit 11 according to holding vessel Information ID, with reference to system parameter data storehouse DB stored in storage unit 12, (step 102) is classified to holding vessel 5, judge the specification of holding vessel 5, type thus, use the supplemental characteristics such as calibrating gas storage volume Ws, the gas storage material category K learning venting condition corresponding to it or dimension.
Then, in the A2 of pre-process working area, tank body safety verification and classification are carried out to holding vessel 5, to check its whether impaired, gas leakage? (step 103).And the project of tank body safety verification to comprise similarly be the airtight test of tank body, tank body deformation detection, tank body damage testing etc.If find tank body have impaired, gas leakage time, then holding vessel 5 is delivered to reclaim inspection and maintenance (step 104).If when tank body inspection is all right, then, after carrying out exterior clean and arrangement (step 105) to holding vessel 5, be transported in gas recyclers and gas handling equipment 3.
Then, holding vessel 5 (such as: hydrogen storage tank) is positioned in the tank 32 of gas recyclers and gas handling equipment 3, and connects gas feedthroughs L.Then, the venting condition (step 106) of holding vessel 5 is set by processing unit 11.In the present embodiment, directly use the inflation pressure value preset, or take from inflation pressure value Ps corresponding in storage unit 12 and gas-filling temperature value Ts.Then with this venting condition, holding vessel 5 is inflated (step 107).
During inflation, the gas (such as: hydrogen) provided by gas source H by gas supply device 31 is supplied in holding vessel 5 via pressure regulating unit 311, flowmeter 312.In Stress control: pressure regulating unit 311 is subject to processing unit 11 and controls, its inflation pressure regulated signal S1 produced according to inflation pressure setting value Ps, uses adjustment inflation pressure.
In temperature control: temperature-adjusting device 33 is also subject to processing unit 11 and controls, it produces a gas-filling temperature control signal S2 according to gas-filling temperature setting value Ts, with controlled cooling model device 331 start, cold rinse bank 332 is cooled, and then the water 321 in tank 32 is cooled, be beneficial to inflate (such as: hydrogen).Meanwhile, processing unit 11 senses the water temperature value T in tank 32 through temperature sensor 322, and coordinate control temperature controlling device 33 according to this, temperature when inflating to make holding vessel 5 maintains under gas-filling temperature setting value Ts.
On the other hand, processing unit 11 monitors gas flow F when holding vessel 5 is inflated through flowmeter 312, judge whether holding vessel 5 has filled by this full? (step 108).When gas flow F is higher than flow of aerating air reference value Fs, then represent that holding vessel 5 is not yet filled full, then continue to inflate; If when gas flow F is lower than flow of aerating air reference value Fs, then represent that holding vessel 5 has been filled full, now then make gas supply device 31 stop supply gas, temperature-adjusting device 33 also stops operation simultaneously.
Holding vessel 5 after inflation, is then transported in detection zone A3, to detect the gas storage amount W (step 109) after its inflation.In the present embodiment, by weight measurement unit 4, weighing is carried out to the holding vessel 5 after inflation, be resent in processing unit 11 to obtain a holding vessel weight Wf, and holding vessel weight Wf deducts previously by the holding vessel net weight Wt read in the storage unit 63 of information identification tag 6 by processing unit 11, namely try to achieve gas storage amount W (Wf-Wt=W).
Then, the holding vessel Information ID (step 110) be stored in the storage unit 63 of information identification tag 6 is upgraded with this gas storage amount W; Certainly, other similarly is that the information such as inflation times N also can upgrade simultaneously according to need.
Due in the preferred embodiment, information identification tag 6 is a wireless radio frequency identification mark, therefore can upgrade holding vessel Information ID.But except for update, the data of holding vessel 5 after gas replenishment process and inflation also can be stored in the DB of system parameter data storehouse according to need, are convenient to review, when this holding vessel 5 is sent here inflation again in the future, the inflation data in its past then have mark to follow, and contribute to the improvement of inflating management quality.
When practical application, also can only by these data storings in the DB of system parameter data storehouse, and Data Update is not carried out to holding vessel Information ID, not more under news, information identification tag 6 just not necessarily will use the wireless radio frequency identification mark with read-write capability, and the label of the class of bar code also can be used to show relevant information.
After holding vessel Information ID upgrades, is gas storage amount W compared with calibrating gas storage volume Ws corresponding in the DB of system parameter data storehouse, differentiated whether gas storage amount W has reached 80% of calibrating gas storage volume Ws by processing unit 11 in the present embodiment? (step 111).And assess with calibrating gas storage volume Ws the standard volume that normal storage tank can store how much gas, by this as the foundation of its gas storage capability.That is when gas storage amount W detected after inflating with certain proportion lower than calibrating gas storage volume Ws time, then represent that the gas storage capability of holding vessel 5 has obvious decline, now then need the holding vessel 5 of below standard standard to deliver to and reclaim inspection and maintenance.
When gas storage amount W has reach calibrating gas storage volume Ws 80%, then represent that the gas storage capability of holding vessel 5 is normal, just can be transported to package handling district A4 and carry out packing (step 112), install holding vessel 5 additional protecting jacket.Transported again and be back to holding vessel Zan Zhu district A1, to prepare holding vessel 5 to deliver to switching station (step 113), or other commutating devices or supply center, use to provide user.
Refer to Fig. 5, Fig. 5 is the operational flowchart of second embodiment of the invention, and the operating process of this embodiment is similar to aforementioned first embodiment, therefore identical step is indicate with identical numbering.Its difference is: processing unit 11 is according to the classified information after previously differentiation, by the holding vessel Information ID that the information identification tag 6 of holding vessel 5 reads, refer again to system parameter data storehouse DB, set the venting condition (step 106a) of holding vessel 5 according to this, such as: set this inflation pressure value Ps, gas-filling temperature value Ts can certainly be adjusted according to this, coordinate the demand that various holding vessel 5 is different completely, inflate with most felicity condition, reach good inflation effect.
Refer to the system schematic that Fig. 6 is another embodiment of the present invention.The system architecture of this embodiment holding vessel inflation management system 100a is identical with previous embodiment haply, therefore identical component is indicate with identical element number as a means of correspondence.Its difference is: the gas recyclers and gas handling equipment 3 of previous embodiment is mainly applicable to the filling of hydrogen, therefore need be provided with tank 32 and temperature-adjusting device 33; The gas recyclers and gas handling equipment 3a of the present embodiment is then mainly applicable to the filling of the gas such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, structurally can simplify the design of tank 32 and temperature-adjusting device 33.
From above embodiment, the value in the true tool industry of holding vessel inflation management system and method for combining information identification provided by the present invention, therefore the present invention had met the important document of patent already.Above describing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention and illustrates, all those skilled in the art are when can do other all modifications and improvement according to above-mentioned explanation, and these change and still belong in the spiritual and claim that defines of invention of the present invention.

Claims (23)

1. the holding vessel inflation management method of a combining information identification, it is characterized in that, described method is in order to carry out inflation management at least one holding vessel, described holding vessel is configured with an information identification tag, at least one holding vessel information is stored in described information identification tag, described holding vessel information comprises gas storage material category, and described method comprises the following steps:
A () reads the holding vessel information of described information identification tag;
B (), according to holding vessel information setting one venting condition of described reading, comprises an inflation pressure value and a gas-filling temperature value;
C () inflates described holding vessel with described venting condition;
D () detects the gas storage amount after the inflation of described holding vessel;
E () upgrades described holding vessel information with the described gas storage amount detected;
(f) by described gas storage amount with one preset calibrating gas storage volume compared with; And
G described holding vessel, when described gas storage amount is lower than described calibrating gas storage volume one predetermined ratio, is reclaimed inspection and maintenance by ().
2. the holding vessel inflation management method of combining information identification as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, more comprise the step of classifying to described holding vessel according to described holding vessel information after step (a).
3. the holding vessel inflation management method of combining information identification as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, more comprises the step that whether the described holding vessel of inspection is impaired, leak gas after step (a).
4. the holding vessel inflation management method of combining information identification as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, after the step of, gas leakage whether impaired at the described holding vessel of described inspection, more comprise when described holding vessel is impaired, gas leakage time, described holding vessel is reclaimed the step of inspection and maintenance.
5. the holding vessel inflation management method of combining information identification as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, more comprise the step of described holding vessel being carried out to exterior clean and arrangement after step (a).
6. the holding vessel inflation management method of combining information identification as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, more comprises the described holding vessel of detection and whether filled full step after step (c).
7. the holding vessel inflation management method of combining information identification as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, more comprise the step of packing described holding vessel after step (c).
8. the holding vessel inflation management method of a combining information identification, it is characterized in that, described method is in order to carry out inflation management at least one holding vessel, described holding vessel is configured with an information identification tag, at least one holding vessel information is stored in described information identification tag, described holding vessel information comprises gas storage material category, and described method comprises the following steps:
A () reads the holding vessel information in described information identification tag;
B () is according to described holding vessel information setting one venting condition;
C () inflates described holding vessel with described venting condition;
D () detects the gas storage amount after the inflation of described holding vessel;
E () upgrades described holding vessel information with the described gas storage amount detected; And
F described gas storage amount compared with a calibrating gas storage volume preset, is judged whether described holding vessel needs to reclaim by () according to this.
9. the holding vessel inflation management method of combining information identification as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that, more comprise the step of classifying to described holding vessel according to described holding vessel information after step (a).
10. the holding vessel inflation management method of combining information identification as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that, more comprises the step that whether the described holding vessel of inspection is impaired, leak gas after step (a).
The holding vessel inflation management method of 11. combining information identifications as claimed in claim 10, it is characterized in that, after the step of, gas leakage whether impaired at the described holding vessel of described inspection, more comprise when described holding vessel is impaired, gas leakage time, described holding vessel is reclaimed the step of inspection and maintenance.
The holding vessel inflation management method of 12. combining information identifications as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that, more comprise the step of described holding vessel being carried out to exterior clean and arrangement after step (a).
The holding vessel inflation management method of 13. combining information identifications as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that, more comprise the step of the holding vessel information setting one inflation pressure value according to described reading after step (b).
The holding vessel inflation management method of 14. combining information identifications as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that, more comprise the step of the holding vessel information setting one gas-filling temperature value according to described reading after step (b).
The holding vessel inflation management method of 15. combining information identifications as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that, more comprises the described holding vessel of detection and whether filled full step after step (c).
The holding vessel inflation management method of 16. combining information identifications as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that, more comprise after step (f):
G described holding vessel, when described gas storage amount is lower than described calibrating gas storage volume one predetermined ratio, is reclaimed inspection and maintenance by ().
The holding vessel inflation management method of 17. combining information identifications as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that, more comprise the step of packing described holding vessel after step (e).
The holding vessel inflation management system of 18. 1 kinds of combining information identifications, it is characterized in that, described system is in order to carry out inflation management at least one holding vessel, described holding vessel is configured with an information identification tag, at least one holding vessel information is stored in described information identification tag, described holding vessel information comprises gas storage material category, and described system comprises:
One identifying information transmitting set, is able to transmit described holding vessel information with described information identification tag;
One control gear, connects described identifying information transmitting set, and described control gear includes a processing unit and a storage unit, and described storage unit stores the every terms of information of described holding vessel; And
One gas recyclers and gas handling equipment, connects described control gear and controlled by it, being filled in described holding vessel in order to a gas gas source supplied via a gas feedthroughs;
Wherein, described processing unit system reads the described holding vessel information of described information identification tag through described identifying information transmitting set, sets a venting condition according to this, comprises an inflation pressure value and a gas-filling temperature value.
The holding vessel inflation management system of 19. combining information identifications as claimed in claim 18, it is characterized in that, described system more includes a weight measurement unit, connects described control gear, in order to measure the weight of described holding vessel.
The holding vessel inflation management system of 20. combining information identifications as claimed in claim 18, it is characterized in that, described gas recyclers and gas handling equipment more includes a pressure regulating unit, is arranged on described gas feedthroughs, in order to regulate inflation pressure when inflating holding vessel.
The holding vessel inflation management system of 21. combining information identifications as claimed in claim 18, it is characterized in that, described gas recyclers and gas handling equipment more includes a tank and a temperature sensor.
The holding vessel inflation management system of 22. combining information identifications as claimed in claim 18, it is characterized in that, described gas recyclers and gas handling equipment more includes a temperature-adjusting device, in order to regulate temperature during inflation.
The holding vessel inflation management system of 23. combining information identifications as claimed in claim 18, it is characterized in that, described holding vessel information more includes holding vessel sequence number, holding vessel net weight and inflation times.
CN200910249592.XA 2009-12-30 2009-12-30 System and method for managing air inflation of storage tank by combining information identification Active CN102116410B (en)

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